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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915844/financial-incentives-and-purchase-restrictions-in-a-food-benefit-program-affect-the-types-of-foods-and-beverages-purchased-results-from-a-randomized-trial
#1
Simone A French, Sarah A Rydell, Nathan R Mitchell, J Michael Oakes, Brian Elbel, Lisa Harnack
BACKGROUND: This research evaluated the effects of financial incentives and purchase restrictions on food purchasing in a food benefit program for low income people. METHODS: Participants (n=279) were randomized to groups: 1) Incentive- 30% financial incentive for fruits and vegetables purchased with food benefits; 2) Restriction- no purchase of sugar-sweetened beverages, sweet baked goods, or candies with food benefits; 3) Incentive plus Restriction; or 4) Control- no incentive or restrictions...
September 16, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899490/a-new-ph-indicator-dye-based-method-for-rapid-and-efficient-screening-of-l-asparaginase-producing-microorganisms
#2
Kanti N Mihooliya, Jitender Nandal, Laxmi Swami, Himanshu Verma, Lipsy Chopra, Debendra K Sahoo
l-asparaginase is a pharmaceutically and industrially important enzyme as it has potential to treat different cancers and inhibit acrylamide formation in fried and baked food products. In the present study, an attempt was made to screen for new and novel l-asparaginase producers using a widely applied phenol red and bromothymol blue (BTB)(1) dye-based plate assay. Screening of four different soil samples for l-asparaginase producers resulted in the isolation of three new potential l-asparaginase producing bacteria...
December 2017: Enzyme and Microbial Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873551/are-tropane-alkaloids-present-in-organic-foods-detection-of-scopolamine-and-atropine-in-organic-buckwheat-fagopyron-esculentum-l-products-by-uhplc-ms-ms
#3
Martina Cirlini, Teresa M Demuth, Alberto Biancardi, Michael Rychlik, Chiara Dall'Asta, Renato Bruni
A closer monitoring of tropane alkaloids (TA) in foods is now recommended by the European Commission, following a series of alerts related to the contamination of buckwheat with weeds of the genus Datura. A novel, accurate UHPLC-MS/MS method was developed and validated for the rapid detection of scopolamine and atropine in buckwheat foods. A suitable extraction protocol was set up to maximize recoveries and detection limits in different raw, processed and baked foods. The method offers good performances in terms of sensitivity, accuracy and precision, with LOQs at 0...
January 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863898/the-enhanced-inhibition-of-water-extract-of-black-tea-under-baking-treatment-on-%C3%AE-amylase-and-%C3%AE-glucosidase
#4
Da-Peng Tong, Ke-Xue Zhu, Xiao-Na Guo, Wei Peng, Hui-Ming Zhou
This paper studied the inhibition of water extract of natural or baked black tea on the activity of α-amylase and α- glucosidase. Baking treatment was found to be one effective way to enhance the inhibition of black tea on both α-amylase and α- glucosidase, and IC50 of water extract of baked black tea (BBTWE) were 1.213mg/mL and 4.190mg/mL, respectively, while IC50 of water extract of black tea (BTWE) were 1.723mg/mL and 6.056mg/mL, respectively. This study further studied the mechanism of the effect of water extract on α-amylase and α- glucosidase using HPLC, circular dichroism, and synchronous fluorescence...
August 31, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846456/technologies-for-enhancement-of-bioactive-components-and-potential-health-benefits-of-cereal-and-cereal-based-foods-research-advances-and-application-challenges
#5
Ahmed S M Saleh, Peng Wang, Na Wang, Shu Yang, Zhigang Xiao
Cereal grains are a major source of human food and their production has steadily been increased during the last several decades to meet the demand of our increasing world population. The modernized society and the expansion of the cereal food industry created a need for highly efficient processing technologies, especially flour production. Earlier scientific research efforts have led to the invention of the modern steel roller mill, and the refined flour of wheat has become a basic component in most of cereal-based foods such as breads and pastries because of the unique functionality of wheat protein...
August 28, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837102/dietary-sources-of-high-sodium-intake-in-turkey-salturk-ii
#6
Yunus Erdem, Tekin Akpolat, Ülver Derici, Şule Şengül, Şehsuvar Ertürk, Şükrü Ulusoy, Bülent Altun, Mustafa Arıcı
Previous research has shown daily salt intakes in Turkey to be far above the recommended limits. Knowing the sources of dietary salt could form a basis for preventive strategies aimed towards salt reduction. This study aimed to investigate dietary sources of salt in Turkey. A sub-group (n = 657) was selected from the PatenT2 study population, which represented the urban and rural areas of 4 major cities (Ankara, Istanbul, Izmir, and Konya). A questionnaire inquiring about sociodemographic characteristics, medical histories, detailed histories of diet, and salt consumption was completed...
August 24, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821784/high-copy-and-stable-expression-of-the-xylanase-xynhb-in-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-by-rdna-mediated-integration
#7
Cheng Fang, Qinhong Wang, Jonathan Nimal Selvaraj, Yuling Zhou, Lixin Ma, Guimin Zhang, Yanhe Ma
Xylanase is a widely-used additive in baking industry for enhancing dough and bread quality. Several xylanases used in baking industry were expressed in different systems, but their expression in antibiotic free vector system is highly essential and safe. In the present study, an alternative rDNA-mediated technology was developed to increase the copy number of target gene by integrating it into Saccharomyces cerevisiae genome. A xylanase-encoding gene xynHB from Bacillus sp. was cloned into pHBM367H and integrated into S...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820445/choline-intake-and-its-food-sources-in-the-diet-of-romanian-kindergarten-children
#8
Cristian Reinhard Prelicz, Lucia Maria Lotrean
The objective of this study is to assess the usual intake and food sources of choline in a group of Romanian kindergarten children. A cross-sectional study was performed among 71 children aged 4-6 years from four kindergartens from Cluj-Napoca, Romania. Dietary intake data were collected by means of three-day food records. The mean (SD) daily intake of choline was 215 (32) mg/day, 22.5% of the participants fulfilling the adequate intake (AI) for children 4-6 years of age of 250 mg of choline per day. The main food sources were meat (mainly poultry), eggs, grains, cereals, and baked products (mainly bread), and dairy products (mainly milk)...
August 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811221/is-the-hype-around-the-reproductive-health-claims-of-maca-lepidium-meyenii-walp-justified
#9
REVIEW
Shruti Beharry, Michael Heinrich
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Maca - Lepidium meyenii Walp has been cultivated and used by Andean people for over 1,300 to 2000 years in Peru as food and medicine. Starting in the late 1990's it has developed into an important herbal medicine in China and is now cultivated there widely, too. AIM OF STUDY: This study aims to provide an insight into the emergence of maca on the global market as an alternative remedy to treat reproductive health related problems in both men and women and to critically assess these health claims...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801145/body-image-dissatisfaction-and-dietary-patterns-according-to-nutritional-status-in-adolescents
#10
Rita de Cássia Ribeiro-Silva, Rosemeire Leovigildo Fiaccone, Maria Ester Pereira da Conceição-Machado, Ana Santos Ruiz, Maurício Lima Barreto, Mônica Leila Portela Santana
OBJECTIVE: There is a lack of data on the association between body self-perception and eating patterns in Brazil. Thus, this study aimed to explore the relationship between body image dissatisfaction and eating patterns by the anthropometric status in adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 1496 adolescents was conducted. The participants completed the Body Shape Questionnaire. Demographic, anthropometric, and socioeconomic data were collected, as well as information regarding the pubertal development and dietary intake...
August 9, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799792/effects-of-daily-food-processing-on-allergenicity
#11
Beatriz Cabanillas, Natalija Novak
Daily food processing has the potential to alter the allergenicity of foods due to modification of the physico-chemical properties of proteins. The degree of such modifications depends on factors such as processing conditions, type of food considered, allergenic content, etc. The impact of daily food processing like boiling, roasting, frying or baking on food allergenicity have been extensively studied. The influence of other thermal treatments such as microwave heating or pressure cooking on allergenicity has also been analyzed...
August 11, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799777/functional-and-therapeutic-potential-of-inulin-a-comprehensive-review
#12
Waqas Ahmed, Summer Rashid
Inulin as a heterogeneous blend of fructose polymers is diversely found in nature primarily as storage carbohydrates in plants. Besides, inulin is believed to induce certain techno-functional and associated properties in food systems. Inulin owing to its foam forming ability has been successfully used as fat replacer in quite a wide range of products as dairy and baked products. Furthermore, it is known to impart certain nutritional and therapeutic benefits that extend apart to improve health and reduce the risk of many lifestyle related diseases...
August 11, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783334/presence-of-fluorescent-carbon-nanoparticles-in-baked-lamb-their-properties-and-potential-application-for-sensors
#13
Haitao Wang, Yisha Xie, Shan Liu, Shuang Cong, Yukun Song, Xianbing Xu, Mingqian Tan
The presence of nanoparticles in food has drawn much attention in recent years. Fluorescent carbon nanoparticles are a new class of nanostructures; however, the distribution and physicochemical properties of such nanoparticles in food remain unclear. Herein, the presence of fluorescent carbon nanoparticles in baked lamb was confirmed, and their physicochemical properties were investigated. The fluorescent carbon nanoparticles from baked lamb emit strong blue fluorescence under ultraviolet light with a 10% fluorescent quantum yield...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772082/food-sources-of-sodium-saturated-fat-and-added-sugar-in-the-physical-activity-and-nutrition-for-diabetes-in-alberta-panda-trial
#14
Ghada Asaad, Catherine B Chan
Diabetic patients may find it difficult to achieve recommended nutrient intakes embedded within dietary guidelines. The objective of this analysis was to document total sodium, saturated fat and added sugar intake as well as the main food sources of these nutrients in Canadian adults with type 2 diabetes before and after an intervention focused on healthy eating. Participants were enrolled in a single-arm dietary intervention trial designed to improve glycemic control and adherence to dietary recommendations...
August 3, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771001/abrogation-of-immunogenic-properties-of-gliadin-peptides-through-transamidation-by-microbial-transglutaminase-is-acyl-acceptor-dependent
#15
Lin Zhou, Yvonne M C Kooy-Winkelaar, Robert A Cordfunke, Irina Dragan, Allan Thompson, Jan Wouter Drijfhout, Peter A van Veelen, Hongbing Chen, Frits Koning
Wheat gluten confers superior baking quality to wheat based products but elicits a pro-inflammatory immune response in patients with celiac disease. Transamidation of gluten by microbial transglutaminase (mTG) and tissue transglutaminase (tTG) reduces the immunogenicity of gluten; however, little information is available on the minimal modification sufficient to eliminate gliadin immunogenicity nor has the effectiveness of transamidation been studied with T-cell clones from patients. Here we demonstrate that mTG can efficiently couple three different acyl-acceptor molecules, l-lysine, glycine ethyl ester, and hydroxylamine, to gliadin peptides and protein...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761835/evaluation-of-vitamin-d3-and-d2-stability-in-fortified-flat-bread-samples-during-dough-fermentation-baking-and-storage
#16
Mehrnaz Tabibian, Mohammadali Torbati, Mohammad Reza Afshar Mogaddam, Maryam Mirlohi, Malihe Sadeghi, Javad Mohtadinia
Purpose: Vitamin D, a fat-soluble secosteroid, has a significant role in bone metabolism and helps calcium absorption in the body. Since vitamin D concentration is altered in fortified foods and dietary supplements, the actual amount of vitamin D may differ from the label value. Methods: In this study, the concentrations of vitamin D2 and D3 of fortified bread sample were analytically determined. For this purpose, dough or homogenized bread sample was saponified using potassium hydroxide solution (30%, w/v) at 80°C, and the saponified analytes were extracted into n-heptane followed by liquid-liquid extraction...
June 2017: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758166/a-coconut-oil-rich-meal-does-not-enhance-thermogenesis-compared-to-corn-oil-in-a-randomized-trial-in-obese-adolescents
#17
Janna LaBarrie, Marie-Pierre St-Onge
BACKGROUND: Consumption of medium chain triglycerides (MCT) in overweight adults increases thermogenesis and improves weight management. Coconut oil is a rich natural source of MCT, but its thermogenic effect is unknown. Our study evaluated the effects of a test oil enriched in coconut oil, on energy expenditure, satiety, and metabolic markers in a randomized, double blind, cross-over study. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Fifteen children, age 13-18 years, body mass index >85th percentile for age and sex, were enrolled...
2017: Insights Nutr Metab
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749419/consuming-almonds-vs-isoenergetic-baked-food-does-not-differentially-influence-postprandial-appetite-or-neural-reward-responses-to-visual-food-stimuli
#18
R Drew Sayer, Jaapna Dhillon, Gregory G Tamer, Marc-Andre Cornier, Ningning Chen, Amy J Wright, Wayne W Campbell, Richard D Mattes
Nuts have high energy and fat contents, but nut intake does not promote weight gain or obesity, which may be partially explained by their proposed high satiety value. The primary aim of this study was to assess the effects of consuming almonds versus a baked food on postprandial appetite and neural responses to visual food stimuli. Twenty-two adults (19 women and 3 men) with a BMI between 25 and 40 kg/m² completed the current study during a 12-week behavioral weight loss intervention. Participants consumed either 28 g of whole, lightly salted roasted almonds or a serving of a baked food with equivalent energy and macronutrient contents in random order on two testing days prior to and at the end of the intervention...
July 27, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731263/commercial-strain-derived-clinical-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-can-evolve-new-phenotypes-without-higher-pathogenicity
#19
Walter P Pfliegler, Enikő Boros, Kitti Pázmándi, Ágnes Jakab, Imre Zsuga, Renátó Kovács, Edit Urbán, Zsuzsa Antunovics, Attila Bácsi, Matthias Sipiczki, László Majoros, István Pócsi
SCOPE: Saccharomyces cerevisiae is one of the most important microbes in food industry, but there is growing evidence on its potential pathogenicity as well. Its status as a member of human mycobiome is still not fully understood. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this study, we characterise clinical S. cerevisiae isolates from Hungarian hospitals along with commercial baking and probiotic strains, and determine their phenotypic parameters, virulence factors, interactions with human macrophages, and pathogenicity...
July 21, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720287/occurrence-toxicity-bioaccessibility-and-mitigation-strategies-of-beauvericin-a-minor-fusarium-mycotoxin
#20
REVIEW
C Luz, F Saladino, F B Luciano, J Mañes, G Meca
Emerging Fusarium mycotoxins include the toxic secondary metabolites fusaproliferin, enniatins, beauvericin (BEA), and moniliform. BEA is produced by some entomo- and phytopathogenic Fusarium species and occurs naturally on corn and corn-based foods and feeds infected by Fusarium spp. BEA has shown various biological activities (antibacterial, antifungal, and insecticidal) and possesses toxic activity, including the induction of apoptosis, increase cytoplasmic calcium concentration and lead to DNA fragmentation in mammalian cell lines...
September 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
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