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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729868/the-c4-model-grass-setaria-is-a-short-day-plant-with-secondary-long-day-genetic-regulation
#1
Andrew N Doust, Margarita Mauro-Herrera, John G Hodge, Jessica Stromski
The effect of photoperiod (day:night ratio) on flowering time was investigated in the wild species, Setaria viridis, and in a set of recombinant inbred lines (RILs) derived from a cross between foxtail millet (S. italica) and its wild ancestor green foxtail (S. viridis). Photoperiods totaled 24 h, with three trials of 8:16, 12:12 and 16:8 light:dark hour regimes for the RIL population, and these plus 10:14 and 14:10 for the experiments with S. viridis alone. The response of S. viridis to light intensity as well as photoperiod was assessed by duplicating photoperiods at two light intensities (300 and 600 μmol...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729759/transcriptome-wide-identification-and-characterization-of-starch-branching-enzyme-in-finger-millet
#2
Rajhans Tyagi, Apoorv Tiwari, Vijay Kumar Garg, Sanjay Gupta
Starch-branching enzymes (SBEs) are one of the four major enzyme classes involved in starch biosynthesis in plants and play an important role in determining the structure and physical properties of starch granules. Multiple SBEs are involved in starch biosynthesis in plants. Finger millet is calcium rich important serial crop belongs to grass family and the transcriptome data of developing spikes is available on NCBI. In this study it was try to find out the gene sequence of starch branching enzyme and annotate the sequence and submit the sequence for further use...
2017: Bioinformation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729257/first-complete-genome-sequence-of-barley-virus-g-identified-from-proso-millet-panicum-miliaceum-in-south-korea
#3
Chung-Youl Park, Hyun-Geun Min, Jonghee Oh, Bong-Sub Kim, Seungmo Lim, Youngnam Yoon, Su-Heon Lee
The complete genome sequence of an Uiseong isolate of barley virus G (BVG) on proso millet plants in a field in South Korea was determined by RNA sequencing and Sanger sequencing. To our knowledge, this is the first complete genome sequence report of BVG infecting proso millet in South Korea.
July 20, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721747/faster-v%C3%AC-o2-kinetics-after-priming-exercises-of-different-duration-but-same-fatigue
#4
Felipe Mattioni Maturana, Arthur Peyrard, John Temesi, Guillaume Y Millet, Juan M Murias
This study compared the responses of two priming exercises of similar fatigue on the adjustment of the oxygen uptake time constant (τV̇O2) in cycling. Ten healthy young adults (25 ± 3 yr) performed: three step transitions from a 20-W baseline to the power output (PO) below the gas exchange threshold (MOD, MODPRE); a 3-min bout (P3MIN) at 90% of peak PO (POpeak), followed by MOD (MOD3MIN); and a 6-min bout (P6MIN) at 80% of POpeak, followed by MOD (MOD6MIN). The O2 supply-to-O2 demand ([HHb]/V̇O2) ratio was calculated for MODPRE, MOD3MIN, and MOD6MIN...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720110/molecular-characterisation-of-protist-parasites-in-human-habituated-mountain-gorillas-gorilla-beringei-beringei-humans-and-livestock-from-bwindi-impenetrable-national-park-uganda
#5
Matthew J Nolan, Melisa Unger, Yuen-Ting Yeap, Emma Rogers, Ilary Millet, Kimberley Harman, Mark Fox, Gladys Kalema-Zikusoka, Damer P Blake
BACKGROUND: Over 60 % of human emerging infectious diseases are zoonotic, and there is growing evidence of the zooanthroponotic transmission of diseases from humans to livestock and wildlife species, with major implications for public health, economics, and conservation. Zooanthroponoses are of relevance to critically endangered species; amongst these is the mountain gorilla (Gorilla beringei beringei) of Uganda. Here, we assess the occurrence of Cryptosporidium, Cyclospora, Giardia, and Entamoeba infecting mountain gorillas in the Bwindi Impenetrable National Park (BINP), Uganda, using molecular methods...
July 18, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702431/isolation-of-antifungal-lactic-acid-bacteria-lab-from-kunu-against-toxigenic-aspergillus-flavus
#6
Oluwafunmilayo Oluwakemi Olonisakin, Yemisi Adefunke Jeff-Agboola, Clement Olusola Ogidi, Bamidele Juliet Akinyele
The antifungal activity of isolated lactic acid bacteria (LAB) from a locally fermented cereal, "Kunu", was tested against toxigenic Aspergillus flavus. The liquid refreshment, "Kunu", was prepared under hygienic condition using millet, sorghum, and the combination of the two grains. The antifungal potential of isolated LAB against toxigenic A. flavus was carried out using both in vitro and in vivo antifungal assays. The LAB count from prepared "Kunu" ranged from 2.80 ×10(4) CFU/mL to 4.10×10(4) CFU/mL and Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus delbrueckii, Lactobacillus fermentum, Pediococcus acidilactici, and Leuconostoc mesenteroides were the isolated bacteria...
June 2017: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696334/recent-advances-in-heart-sound-analysis
#7
Gari D Clifford, Chengyu Liu, Benjamin E Moody, José Millet Roig, Samuel E Schmidt, Qiao Li, Ikaro Silva, Roger G Mark
Heart sounds have been widely studied and have been demonstrated to have value for detecting pathologies in clinical applications. Over the last few decades, the use of heart sound signals has become increasingly uncommon and its practice in modern medicine somewhat diminished, although research into automated analysis has continued. Unfortunately, a comparative analyses of algorithms in the literature have been hindered by the lack of high-quality, rigorously validated, and standardized open databases of heart sound recordings...
July 11, 2017: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687954/cortical-voluntary-activation-testing-methodology-impacts-central-fatigue
#8
José Mira, Thomas Lapole, Robin Souron, Laurent Messonnier, Guillaume Y Millet, Thomas Rupp
PURPOSE: Currently, cortical voluntary activation (VATMS) is assessed by superimposing transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) on a maximal voluntary contraction (MVC), 75% MVC and 50% MVC, each contraction being interspersed with 5-10 s of relaxation. Here, we assessed whether this traditional approach (TRADI) underestimates central fatigue due to this short recovery compared to a continuous method (CONTI). METHODS: VATMS, motor-evoked potential (MEP), and cortical silent period (CSP) of the vastus lateralis were determined in 12 young healthy adults before and after a 2-min sustained MVC of knee extensors in two randomly assigned sessions...
July 7, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686947/chicory-fructans-in-pig-diet-reduce-skatole-in-back-fat-of-entire-male-pigs
#9
M Aluwé, E Heyrman, S Theis, C Sieland, K Thurman, S Millet
Androstenone, skatole and indole are main compounds responsible for boar taint, an off-odour in meat of some entire male pigs. Several feed ingredients derived from chicory have been reported to reduce fat skatole levels, while results for indole are more contradictory. The skatole-reducing effect is probably based on the prebiotic effects described for fructan compounds. Inulin and oligofructose have a high and low degree of polymerization, respectively. The fermentation rate decreases with an increasing degree of polymerization, which may result in differing effects of the compounds on skatole and/or indole levels...
June 26, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686700/rates-of-return-to-sorghum-and-millet-research-investments-a-meta-analysis
#10
Yacob A Zereyesus, Timothy J Dalton
Sorghum and millet grow in some of the most heterogeneous and austere agroecologies around the world. These crops are amongst the top five cereal sources of food and feed. Yet, few studies document the impact of sorghum and millet genetic enhancement. The Internal Rate of Return (ROR) is one of the most popular metrics used to measure the economic return on investment on agricultural research and development (R&D). This study conducted a meta-analysis of 59 sorghum and millet ROR estimates obtained from 25 sources published between 1958 and 2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685692/molecular-determinants-of-chronic-liver-disease-as-studied-by-nmr-metabolomics
#11
Nieves Embade, Oscar Millet
Chronic liver diseases are one of the major causes of mortality worldwide. It can manifest through many different forms including chronic virus infection, alcohol abuse, metabolic syndromes such as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. At early stages, the liver can repair the damage produced by the insult. However, upon continuous damage, the accumulation of molecules triggers fibrosis, which subsequently progresses towards cirrhosis and, ultimately, hepatocarcinoma. Early diagnosis of liver disease and a proper staging of fibrosis are crucial in therapy since drugs are only effective at incipient and intermediate stages of the disease...
July 7, 2017: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681076/a-multiresidue-method-for-the-analysis-of-90-pesticides-16-pahs-and-22-pcbs-in-honey-using-quechers-spme
#12
Josephine Al-Alam, Ziad Fajloun, Asma Chbani, Maurice Millet
An optimized analytical method was developed for the simultaneous analysis of 90 pesticides, 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and 22 polychlorinated biphenyls. The method was based on quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe (QuEChERS) extraction using acetonitrile followed by a dispersive solid-phase extraction cleanup using primary-secondary amine and octadecyl (C18). The extract obtained was concentrated by evaporation and then reconstituted with acetonitrile to prepare it for chromatographic analysis by liquid chromatography-triple-quadrupole tandem mass spectrometry and gas chromatography-ion-trap tandem mass spectrometry, which was preceded by a preconcentration step using solid-phase microextraction with appropriate fibers...
July 5, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680190/a-labview-%C3%A2-based-software-for-the-control-of-the-autorad-platform-a-fully-automated-multisequential-flow-injection-analysis-lab-on-valve-msfia-lov-system-for-radiochemical-analysis
#13
Donato Barbesi, Víctor Vicente Vilas, Sylvain Millet, Miguel Sandow, Jean-Yves Colle, Laura Aldave de Las Heras
A LabVIEW(®)-based software for the control of the fully automated multi-sequential flow injection analysis Lab-on-Valve (MSFIA-LOV) platform AutoRAD performing radiochemical analysis is described. The analytical platform interfaces an Arduino(®)-based device triggering multiple detectors providing a flexible and fit for purpose choice of detection systems. The different analytical devices are interfaced to the PC running LabVIEW(®)VI software using USB and RS232 interfaces, both for sending commands and receiving confirmation or error responses...
2017: Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665516/proximate-mineral-composition-and-antioxidant-activity-of-traditional-small-millets-cultivated-and-consumed-in-rayalaseema-region-of-south-india
#14
Vali Pasha K, Ratnavathi C V, Ajani J, Raju D, Manoj Kumar S R, Sashidhar R B
BACKGROUND: Millets are a diverse group of small seeded grasses, widely grown around the world as cereal foods. This communication details the proximate, mineral profile and antioxidant activity of six different small millets (Finger, Foxtail, Proso, Little, Barnyard and Kodo millets) and their 21 cultivars that are traditionally cultivated and consumed in the region of Ralayaseema, South India. RESULTS: The proximate analysis revealed that these millets are rich in protein, fat, ash (mineral), total dietary fiber and total phenols with appreciable antioxidant activity...
June 30, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664370/total-crude-protein-extract-of-trichoderma-spp-induces-systemic-resistance-in-pearl-millet-against-the-downy-mildew-pathogen
#15
Boregowda Nandini, Puttaswamy Hariprasad, Harohalli Nanjegowda Shankara, Harischandra Sripathy Prakash, Nagaraja Geetha
Several proteins and peptides of microbial origin are reported for their elicitor properties, which play a vital role in the development of local and systemic resistances in plants. In this study, the efficacy of total crude proteins (TCP) extracted from six different Trichoderma spp. (T. asperellum, T. harzianum, T. atroviride, T. virens, T. longibrachiatum, and T. brevicompactum) was evaluated for their ability to elicit defense responses in pearl millet against downy mildew disease. Priming of pearl millet seeds (with or without mannitol) with different concentrations of TCP from Trichoderma spp...
July 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649585/data-on-the-genome-wide-identification-of-cnl-r-genes-in-setaria-italica-l-p-beauv
#16
Ethan J Andersen, Madhav P Nepal
We report data associated with the identification of 242 disease resistance genes (R-genes) in the genome of Setaria italica as presented in "Genetic diversity of disease resistance genes in foxtail millet (Setaria italica L.)" (Andersen and Nepal, 2017) [1]. Our data describe the structure and evolution of the Coiled-coil, Nucleotide-binding site, Leucine-rich repeat (CNL) R-genes in foxtail millet. The CNL genes were identified through rigorous extraction and analysis of recently available plant genome sequences using cutting-edge analytical software...
August 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647868/effects-of-high-altitude-exposure-on-supraspinal-fatigue-and-corticospinal-excitability-and-inhibition
#17
Mathieu Marillier, Pierrick J Arnal, Thibault Le Roux Mallouf, Thomas Rupp, Guillaume Y Millet, Samuel Verges
PURPOSE: While acute hypoxic exposure enhances exercise-induced central fatigue and can alter corticospinal excitability and inhibition, the effect of prolonged hypoxic exposure on these parameters remains to be clarified. We hypothesized that 5 days of altitude exposure would (i) normalize exercise-induced supraspinal fatigue during isolated muscle exercise to sea level (SL) values and (ii) increase corticospinal excitability and inhibition. METHODS: Eleven male subjects performed intermittent isometric elbow flexions at 50% of maximal voluntary contraction to task failure at SL and after 1 (D1) and 5 (D5) days at 4350 m...
August 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644843/a-high-density-genetic-map-and-qtl-analysis-of-agronomic-traits-in-foxtail-millet-setaria-italica-l-p-beauv-using-rad-seq
#18
Jun Wang, Zhilan Wang, Xiaofen Du, Huiqing Yang, Fang Han, Yuanhuai Han, Feng Yuan, Linyi Zhang, Shuzhong Peng, Erhu Guo
Foxtail millet (Setaria italica), a very important grain crop in China, has become a new model plant for cereal crops and biofuel grasses. Although its reference genome sequence was released recently, quantitative trait loci (QTLs) controlling complex agronomic traits remains limited. The development of massively parallel genotyping methods and next-generation sequencing technologies provides an excellent opportunity for developing single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for linkage map construction and QTL analysis of complex quantitative traits...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641816/-association-between-the-violence-in-the-community-and-the-aggressive-behaviors-of-psychotics-during-their-hospitalizations
#19
M Rothärmel, M-F Poirier, G Levacon, F Kazour, S Bleher, D Gastal, S Lazareth, P Lebain, M Olari, R Oukebdane, C-E Rengade, J Themines, M Abbar, S Dollfus, A Gassiot, S Haouzir, D Januel, B Millet, J-P Olié, L Stamatiadis, J-L Terra, J Bénichou, D Campion, O Guillin
BACKGROUND: Violence is a common issue in psychiatry and has multiple determiners. The aim of this study is to assess the psychotic inpatients' violence in association with the violence of the neighborhood from which the patients are drawn and to estimate the impact of this environmental factor with regard to other factors. METHOD: A prospective multicenter study was led in nine French cities. Eligible patients were psychotic involuntary patients hospitalized in the cities' psychiatric wards...
June 19, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639691/distinct-controls-of-leaf-widening-and-elongation-by-light-and-evaporative-demand-in-maize
#20
Sebastien Lacube, Christian Fournier, Carine Palaffre, Emilie J Millet, François Tardieu, Boris Parent
Leaf expansion depends on both carbon and water availabilities. In cereals, most of experimental effort has focused on leaf elongation, with essentially hydraulic effects. We have tested if evaporative demand and light could have distinct effects on leaf elongation and widening, and if short term effects could translate into final leaf dimensions. For that, we have monitored leaf widening and elongation in a field experiment with temporary shading, and in a platform experiment with 15-min temporal resolution and contrasting evaporative demands...
June 22, 2017: Plant, Cell & Environment
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