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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930862/an-innovative-ergometer-to-measure-neuromuscular-fatigue-immediately-after-cycling
#1
Douglas Doyle-Baker, John Temesi, Mary E Medysky, Robert J Holash, Guillaume Y Millet
PURPOSE: When assessing neuromuscular fatigue (NMF) from dynamic exercise using large muscle mass (e.g. cycling), most studies have delayed measurement for 1-3 min after task failure. This study aimed to determine the reliability of an innovative cycling ergometer permitting the start of fatigue measurement within 1 s after cycling. METHODS: Twelve subjects participated in two experimental sessions. Knee-extensor NMF was assessed by electrical nerve and transcranial magnetic stimulation with both a traditional chair set-up (PRE and POST-Chair, 2 min post-exercise) and the new cycling ergometer (PRE, every 3 min during incremental exercise and POST-Bike, at task failure)...
September 19, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930515/changes-in-transportation-related-air-pollution-exposures-by-race-ethnicity-and-socioeconomic-status-outdoor-nitrogen-dioxide-in-the-united-states-in-2000-and-2010
#2
Lara P Clark, Dylan B Millet, Julian D Marshall
BACKGROUND: Disparities in exposure to air pollution by race-ethnicity and by socioeconomic status have been documented in the United States, but the impacts of declining transportation-related air pollutant emissions on disparities in exposure have not been studied in detail. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to estimate changes over time (2000 to 2010) in disparities in exposure to outdoor concentrations of a transportation-related air pollutant, nitrogen dioxide (NO2), in the United States...
September 14, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928518/therapeutic-evaluation-of-grain-based-functional-food-formulation-in-a-geriatric-animal-model
#3
Deepa Teradal, Neena Joshi, Ravindranath H Aladakatti
This study investigates the effect of wholesome grain based functional food formulation, on clinical and biochemical parameters in 24-30 months old Wistar albino geriatric rats, corresponding to human age 60-75 years. Animals were randomly divided into five, groups. Experimental diets were compared to the basal rat diet (Group I). Four food, formulation were-wheat based (Group II), finger millet based (Group III), wheat based, diet + fenugreek seed powder (Group IV), finger millet based diet + fenugreek powder, (Group V)...
August 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928502/accelerated-fermentation-of-idli-batter-using-eleusine-coracana-and-pennisetum-glaucum
#4
Ramachandran Chelliah, Sudha Rani Ramakrishnan, Divya Premkumar, Usha Antony
The present study focuses on reduction in fermentation time of idli batter and its enrichment with calcium and iron using finger millet and pearl millet. Fermentation time decreased from 12 to 6 h with addition of finger millet and to 8 h with pearl millet. Rate of fermentation, bulk density, viscosity, microbial changes and particle morphology were assessed in the batter; nutritional quality, sensory, phytochemicals and internal characteristics of idli were investigated. The color and texture characteristics of both batter and idli were evaluated...
August 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922347/pearl-millet-genome-sequence-provides-a-resource-to-improve-agronomic-traits-in-arid-environments
#5
Rajeev K Varshney, Chengcheng Shi, Mahendar Thudi, Cedric Mariac, Jason Wallace, Peng Qi, He Zhang, Yusheng Zhao, Xiyin Wang, Abhishek Rathore, Rakesh K Srivastava, Annapurna Chitikineni, Guangyi Fan, Prasad Bajaj, Somashekhar Punnuri, S K Gupta, Hao Wang, Yong Jiang, Marie Couderc, Mohan A V S K Katta, Dev R Paudel, K D Mungra, Wenbin Chen, Karen R Harris-Shultz, Vanika Garg, Neetin Desai, Dadakhalandar Doddamani, Ndjido Ardo Kane, Joann A Conner, Arindam Ghatak, Palak Chaturvedi, Sabarinath Subramaniam, Om Parkash Yadav, Cécile Berthouly-Salazar, Falalou Hamidou, Jianping Wang, Xinming Liang, Jérémy Clotault, Hari D Upadhyaya, Philippe Cubry, Bénédicte Rhoné, Mame Codou Gueye, Ramanjulu Sunkar, Christian Dupuy, Francesca Sparvoli, Shifeng Cheng, R S Mahala, Bharat Singh, Rattan S Yadav, Eric Lyons, Swapan K Datta, C Tom Hash, Katrien M Devos, Edward Buckler, Jeffrey L Bennetzen, Andrew H Paterson, Peggy Ozias-Akins, Stefania Grando, Jun Wang, Trilochan Mohapatra, Wolfram Weckwerth, Jochen C Reif, Xin Liu, Yves Vigouroux, Xun Xu
Pearl millet [Cenchrus americanus (L.) Morrone] is a staple food for more than 90 million farmers in arid and semi-arid regions of sub-Saharan Africa, India and South Asia. We report the ∼1.79 Gb draft whole genome sequence of reference genotype Tift 23D2B1-P1-P5, which contains an estimated 38,579 genes. We highlight the substantial enrichment for wax biosynthesis genes, which may contribute to heat and drought tolerance in this crop. We resequenced and analyzed 994 pearl millet lines, enabling insights into population structure, genetic diversity and domestication...
September 18, 2017: Nature Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919863/oxygen-uptake-kinetics-is-slower-in-swimming-than-arm-cranking-and-cycling-during-heavy-intensity
#6
Ana Sousa, Fabio Borrani, Ferran A Rodríguez, Grégoire P Millet
Oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]) kinetics has been reported to be influenced by the activity mode. However, only few studies have compared [Formula: see text]O2 kinetics between activities in the same subjects in which they were equally trained. Therefore, this study compared the [Formula: see text]O2 kinetics response to swimming, arm cranking, and cycling within the same group of subjects within the heavy exercise intensity domain. Ten trained male triathletes (age 23.2 ± 4.5 years; height 180.8 ± 8...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912649/does-live-high-train-low-and-high-hypoxic-training-alter-running-mechanics-in-elite-team-sport-players
#7
Olivier Girard, Grégoire P Millet, Jean-Benoit Morin, Franck Brocherie
This study aimed to investigate if "Live High-Train Low (and High)" hypoxic training alters constant-velocity running mechanics. While residing under normobaric hypoxia (≥14 h·d(-1); FiO2 14.5-14.2%) for 14 days, twenty field hockey players performed, in addition to their usual training in normoxia, six sessions (4 × 5 × 5-s maximal sprints; 25 s passive recovery; 5 min rest) under either normobaric hypoxia (FiO2 ~14.5%, n = 9) or normoxia (FiO2 20.9%, n = 11). Before and immediately after the intervention, their running pattern was assessed at 10 and 15 km·h(-1) as well as during six 30-s runs at ~20 km·h(-1) with 30-s passive recovery on an instrumented motorised treadmill...
September 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898072/does-urban-form-affect-urban-no2-satellite-based-evidence-for-more-than-1-200-cities
#8
Matthew John Bechle, Dylan B Millet, Julian D Marshall
Evidence suggests urban form can affect motor vehicle usage, a major contributor to urban air pollution. Therefore, modifying urban form may be a strategy to mitigate urban air pollution. We use satellite-based measurements of urban form and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) to explore the effect of urban form on air pollution for a global data set of 1,274 cities. Three of the urban form metrics studied (contiguity, circularity, and vegetation) have a statistically significant effect on urban NO2; their combined effect could be substantial...
September 12, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894927/how-to-differentiate-acute-pelvic-inflammatory-disease-from-acute-appendicitis-a-decision-tree-based-on-ct-findings
#9
Kim El Hentour, Ingrid Millet, Emmanuelle Pages-Bouic, Fernanda Curros-Doyon, Nicolas Molinari, Patrice Taourel
PURPOSE: To construct a decision tree based on CT findings to differentiate acute pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) from acute appendicitis (AA) in women with lower abdominal pain and inflammatory syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study was approved by our institutional review board and informed consent was waived. Contrast-enhanced CT studies of 109 women with acute PID and 218 age-matched women with AA were retrospectively and independently reviewed by two radiologists to identify CT findings predictive of PID or AA...
September 11, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894251/spraying-brassinolide-improves-sigma-broad-tolerance-in-foxtail-millet-setaria-italica-l-through-modulation-of-antioxidant-activity-and-photosynthetic-capacity
#10
Xiang-Yang Yuan, Li-Guang Zhang, Lei Huang, Hui-Jie Yang, Yan-Ting Zhong, Na Ning, Yin-Yuan Wen, Shu-Qi Dong, Xi-E Song, Hong-Fu Wang, Ping-Yi Guo
To explore the role of Brassinolide (BR) in improving the tolerance of Sigma Broad in foxtail millet (Setaria italica L.), effects of 0.1 mg/L of BR foliar application 24 h before 3.37 g/ha of Sigma Broad treatment at five-leaf stage of foxtail millet on growth parameters, antioxidant enzymes, malondialdehyde (MDA), chlorophyll, net photosynthetic rate (P N), chlorophyll fluorescence and P700 parameters were studied 7 and 15 d after herbicide treatment, respectively. Results showed that Sigma Broad significantly decreased plant height, activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), chlorophyll content, P N, PS II effective quantum yield (Y (II)), PS II electron transport rate (ETR (II)), photochemical quantum yield of PSI(Y (I)) and PS I electron transport rate ETR (I), but significantly increased MDA...
September 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888442/fermented-pearl-millet-pennisetum-glaucum-with-in-vitro-dna-damage-protection-activity-bioactive-compounds-and-antioxidant-potential
#11
Raj Kumar Salar, Sukhvinder Singh Purewal, Kawaljit Singh Sandhu
In the present study, pearl millet cultivar PUSA-415 was fermented by solid state fermentation (SSF) process using Aspergillus sojae (MTCC-8779) as starter culture. The fermentation was carried out for the period of ten days. The effect of SSF on phenolic content, condensed tannin content, antioxidant potential and DNA damage protection of pearl millet during different fermentation period was determined. Results showed that SSF and thermal processing significantly affect the bioactive profile and antioxidant potential of bio-transformed pearl millet...
October 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887380/proteomic-signature-reveals-modulation-of-human-macrophage-polarization-and-functions-under-differing-environmental-oxygen-conditions
#12
Magali Court, Graciane Petre, Michèle El-Atifi, Arnaud Millet
Macrophages are innate immune cells which can react to a large number of environmental stimuli thanks to a high degree of plasticity. These cells are involved in a variety of tissue functions in homeostasis, and they play essential roles in pathological contexts. Macrophages’ activation state, which determines their functional orientation, is strongly influenced by the cellular environment. A large body of macrophage literature is devoted to better defining polarizations from a molecular viewpoint. It is now accepted that a multidimensional model of polarization is needed to grasp the broad phenotype repertoire controlled by environmental signals...
September 8, 2017: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878781/calreticulin-release-at-an-early-stage-of-death-modulates-the-clearance-by-macrophages-of-apoptotic-cells
#13
Rim Osman, Pascale Tacnet-Delorme, Jean-Philippe Kleman, Arnaud Millet, Philippe Frachet
Calreticulin (CRT) is a well-known "eat-me" signal harbored by dying cells participating in their recognition by phagocytes. CRT is also recognized to deeply impact the immune response to altered self-cells. In this study, we focus on the role of the newly exposed CRT following cell death induction. We show that if CRT increases at the outer face of the plasma membrane and is well recognized by C1q even when phosphatidylserine is not yet detected, CRT is also released in the surrounding milieu and is able to interact with phagocytes...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878504/analysis-of-spatial-distribution-of-genetic-diversity-and-validation-of-indian-foxtail-millet-core-collection
#14
Subhash Chander, K V Bhat, Ratna Kumari, Sanjay Sen, A B Gaikwad, M V C Gowda, N Dikshit
Foxtail millet [Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv.] is an important small millet, grown as a short duration, drought tolerant crop across the world. This crop can be grown on wide ranges of soil conditions and has an immense potential for food and fodder in rainfed and arid regions of the India. In the present study, 31 primer pairs (27 SSR and 4 EST-SSR) were used to analyse the genetic diversity in 223 core collection accessions. Analysis resulted in detection of a total of 136 alleles with an average of 4.38 alleles per locus...
July 2017: Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants: An International Journal of Functional Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878501/genome-wide-identification-phylogeny-and-expression-analyses-of-scarecrow-like-scl-genes-in-millet-setaria-italica
#15
Hongyun Liu, Jiajia Qin, Hui Fan, Jinjin Cheng, Lin Li, Zheng Liu
As a member of the GRAS gene family, SCARECROW-LIKE (SCL) genes encode transcriptional regulators that are involved in plant information transmission and signal transduction. In this study, 44 SCL genes including two SCARECROW genes in millet were identified to be distributed on eight chromosomes, except chromosome 6. All the millet genes contain motifs 6-8, indicating that these motifs are conserved during the evolution. SCL genes of millet were divided into eight groups based on the phylogenetic relationship and classification of Arabidopsis SCL genes...
July 2017: Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants: An International Journal of Functional Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877355/sonographic-evaluation-of-complications-of-extracranial-carotid-artery-interventions
#16
John D Millet, Joseph J Cavallo, Leslie M Scoutt, Gowthaman Gunabushanam
Carotid endarterectomy and carotid artery stenting are among the most common peripheral vascular procedures performed worldwide. Sonography is the initial and often only imaging modality used in the evaluation of iatrogenic carotid arterial injuries. This pictorial essay provides an overview of the clinical and sonographic findings of complications after interventions in the extracranial carotid arteries, including dissection, fluid collections, pseudoaneurysm, thrombosis, thromboembolism, restenosis, and stent deformation...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875293/nickel-accumulation-and-its-effect-on-growth-physiological-and-biochemical-parameters-in-millets-and-oats
#17
Vibha Gupta, Pradeep Kumar Jatav, Raini Verma, Shanker Lal Kothari, Sumita Kachhwaha
With the boom in industrialization, there is an increase in the level of heavy metals in the soil which drastically affect the growth and development of plants. Nickel is an essential micronutrient for plant growth and development, but elevated level of Ni causes stunted growth, chlorosis, nutrient imbalance, and alterations in the defense mechanism of plants in terms of accumulation of osmolytes or change in enzyme activities like guiacol peroxidase (POD), catalase (CAT), and superoxide dismutase (SOD). Ni-induced toxic response was studied in seedlings of finger millet, pearl millet, and oats in terms of seedling growth, lipid peroxidation, total chlorophyll, proline content, and enzymatic activities...
September 5, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874799/a-metabolomics-signature-linked-to-liver-fibrosis-in-the-serum-of-transplanted-hepatitis-c-patients
#18
Ainara Cano, Zoe Mariño, Oscar Millet, Ibon Martínez-Arranz, Miquel Navasa, Juan Manuel Falcón-Pérez, Miriam Pérez-Cormenzana, Joan Caballería, Nieves Embade, Xavier Forns, Jaume Bosch, Azucena Castro, José María Mato
Liver fibrosis must be evaluated in patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) after liver transplantation because its severity affects their prognosis and the recurrence of HCV. Since invasive biopsy is still the gold standard to identify patients at risk of graft loss from rapid fibrosis progression, it becomes crucial the development of new accurate, non-invasive methods that allow repetitive examination of the patients. Therefore, we have developed a non-invasive, accurate model to distinguish those patients with different liver fibrosis stages...
September 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871431/involvement-of-nac-transcription-factor-sinac1-in-a-positive-feedback-loop-via-aba-biosynthesis-and-leaf-senescence-in-foxtail-millet
#19
Tingting Ren, Jiawei Wang, Mingming Zhao, Xiaoming Gong, Shuxia Wang, Geng Wang, Chunjiang Zhou
The foxtail millet NAC transcription factor NAC1, an ortholog of Arabidopsis NAP, is induced by ABA and senescence and accelerates leaf senescence by promoting ABA biosynthesis. Leaf senescence, a unique developmental stage involving macromolecule degradation and nutrient remobilization, is finely tuned and tightly controlled by different gene families. NO APICAL MERISTEM, ARABIDOPSIS ATAF1, and CUP-SHAPED COTYLEDON (NAC) transcription factors have been demonstrated to be involved in the modulation of leaf senescence in many land plant species...
September 4, 2017: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870544/multi-analysis-determination-of-tropane-alkaloids-in-cereals-and-solanaceaes-seeds-by-liquid-chromatography-coupled-to-single-stage-exactive-orbitrap
#20
Jesús Marín-Sáez, Roberto Romero-González, Antonia Garrido Frenich
Tropane alkaloids are a wide group of substances that comprises more than 200 compounds occurring especially in the Solanaceae family. The main aim of this study is the development of a method for the analysis of the principal tropane alkaloids as atropine, scopolamine, anisodamine, tropane, tropine, littorine, homatropine, apoatropine, aposcopolamine, scopoline, tropinone, physoperuvine, pseudotropine and cuscohygrine in cereals and related matrices. For that, a simple solid-liquid extraction was optimized and a liquid chromatographic method coupled to a single stage Exactive-Orbitrap was developed...
August 25, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
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