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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920783/genomic-tools-in-pearl-millet-breeding-for-drought-tolerance-status-and-prospects
#1
REVIEW
Desalegn D Serba, Rattan S Yadav
Pearl millet [Penisetum glaucum (L) R. Br.] is a hardy cereal crop grown in the arid and semiarid tropics where other cereals are likely to fail to produce economic yields due to drought and heat stresses. Adaptive evolution, a form of natural selection shaped the crop to grow and yield satisfactorily with limited moisture supply or under periodic water deficits in the soil. Drought tolerance is a complex polygenic trait that various morphological and physiological responses are controlled by 100s of genes and significantly influenced by the environment...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918667/neuromuscular-fatigue-aetiology-after-repeated-sprints-depends-on-exercise-modality
#2
Katja Tomazin, Jean-Benoit Morin, Guillaume Y Millet
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to compare neuromuscular fatigue induced by repeated sprint running vs cycling. METHODS: Eleven active male participants performed two repeated maximal sprint protocol (5×6 s, 24-s rest periods, 4 sets, 3-min between sets), one in running (treadmill) and one in cycling (cycle ergometer). Neuromuscular function, evaluated before (PRE), 30 s after the first (S1), the second (S2), and the last set (LAST), and 5 min after the last set (POST5), consisted in determining knee extensors maximal voluntary torque (MVC), voluntary activation (VA), single twitch (Tw), high- (Db100) and low- (Db10) frequency torque, and maximal muscle compound action potential (M-wave) amplitude and duration of vastus lateralis...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917338/six-different-extremely-calcified-lesions-of-the-brain-brain-stones
#3
Yurdal Gezercan, Vedat Acik, Gökhan Çavuş, Ali Ihsan Ökten, Emre Bilgin, Hakan Millet, Burak Olmaz
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to extend clinical documentation of cerebral calculi by reporting six cases of cerebral calculi with distinct etiologies and localizations. METHODS: We evaluated the age, sex distribution, presenting symptoms, neurological examination findings, pathology results, and location of the calcifications of six patients with intracranial calcifications. RESULTS: Three of the six patients with brain stones were female (50%), and three were male (50%)...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916264/the-use-of-conifer-needles-as-biomonitor-candidates-for-the-study-of-temporal-air-pollution-variation-in-the-strasbourg-region
#4
Josephine Al-Alam, Ziad Fajloun, Asma Chbani, Maurice Millet
The continuous emission of polluting chemicals into the atmosphere requires the implementation of monitoring of ambient air quality. The use of vegetation for environmental monitoring can be considered as a simple monitoring technique by providing a cheap and accessible matrix. In this study, needles of two conifers (Pinus nigra and Cedrus atlantica), were used for the consecutive biomonitoring of multipollutants such as pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls, and polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in an urban area in Strasbourg (France)...
December 1, 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910757/free-radical-scavenging-activities-of-cultured-mycelia-of-paecilomyces-hepiali-ascomycetes-extracts-and-structural-characterization-of-bioactive-components-by-nuclear-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy
#5
Lucia Ungvarska Mal'ucka, Jarmila Harvanova, Martin Pavlik, Martin Rajtar, Lukas Jarosciak
Current research is focused on testing the cultivation of Paecilomyces hepiali mycelia on various plant substrates and producing fungus or mycelial biomass with qualitatively interesting substances. P. hepiali mycelia was cultivated using solid-state fermentation of different substrates. Mycelial biomass was then analyzed, and antioxidant activity was evaluated using the DPPH radical scavenging method for different ethanolic extracts based on a millet substrate (extract 1) or a chickpea substrate (extract 2)...
2016: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905218/optimization-of-the-malting-process-for-nutritional-improvement-of-finger-millet-and-amaranth-flours-in-the-infant-weaning-food-industry
#6
Sara Najdi Hejazi, Valérie Orsat
Malting is a beneficial approach to improve the nutritional value of cereals used in infant preparations. Malted finger millet and amaranth might be considered as potentially appropriate gluten-free alternatives for common wheat-based weaning products, especially in case of those suffering from celiac disease. In this study, the effects of germination temperature and duration on the main nutrients of malted finger millet and amaranth, are evaluated and optimized. Grains were germinated for 24, 36 and 48 h at 22, 26 and 30 °C...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902782/correction-shear-wave-elastography-assessments-of-quadriceps-stiffness-changes-prior-to-during-and-after-prolonged-exercise-a-longitudinal-study-during-an-extreme-mountain-ultra-marathon
#7
Pierre Andonian, Magalie Viallon, Caroline Le Goff, Charles de Bourguignon, Charline Tourel, Jérome Morel, Guido Giardini, Laurent Gergelé, Grégoire P Millet, Pierre Croisille
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0161855.].
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898821/development-of-a-high-density-linkage-map-and-tagging-leaf-spot-resistance-in-pearl-millet-using-genotyping-by-sequencing-markers
#8
Somashekhar M Punnuri, Jason G Wallace, Joseph E Knoll, Katie E Hyma, Sharon E Mitchell, Edward S Buckler, Rajeev K Varshney, Bharat P Singh
Pearl millet [ (L.) R. Br; also (L.) Morrone] is an important crop throughout the world but better genomic resources for this species are needed to facilitate crop improvement. Genome mapping studies are a prerequisite for tagging agronomically important traits. Genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS) markers can be used to build high-density linkage maps, even in species lacking a reference genome. A recombinant inbred line (RIL) mapping population was developed from a cross between the lines 'Tift 99DB' and 'Tift 454'...
July 2016: Plant Genome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898819/genotyping-by-sequencing-analysis-for-determining-population-structure-of-finger-millet-germplasm-of-diverse-origins
#9
Anil Kumar, Divya Sharma, Apoorv Tiwari, J P Jaiswal, N K Singh, Salej Sood
Finger millet [ (L.) Gaertn.] is grown mainly by subsistence farmers in arid and semiarid regions of the world. To broaden its genetic base and to boost its production, it is of paramount importance to characterize and genotype the diverse gene pool of this important food and nutritional security crop. However, as a result of nonavailability of the genome sequence of finger millet, the progress could not be made in realizing the molecular basis of unique qualities of the crop. In the present investigation, attempts have been made to characterize the genetically diverse collection of 113 finger millet accessions through whole-genome genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS), which resulted in a genome-wide set of 23,000 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) segregating across the entire collection and several thousand SNPs segregating within every accession...
July 2016: Plant Genome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895647/exogenous-trehalose-treatment-enhances-the-activities-of-defense-related-enzymes-and-triggers-resistance-against-downy-mildew-disease-of-pearl-millet
#10
Sharathchandra R Govind, Sudisha Jogaiah, Mostafa Abdelrahman, Hunthrike S Shetty, Lam-Son P Tran
In recent years, diverse physiological functions of various sugars are the subject of investigations. Their roles in signal transduction in plant responses to adverse biotic and abiotic stress conditions have become apparent, and growing scientific evidence has indicated that disaccharides like sucrose and trehalose mediate plant defense responses in similar way as those induced by elicitors against the pathogens. Trehalose is a well-known metabolic osmoregulator, stress-protectant and non-reducing disaccharide existing in a variety of organisms, including fungi, bacteria, and plants...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894970/genome-wide-characterization-of-the-sidof-gene-family-in-foxtail-millet-setaria-italica
#11
Li Zhang, Baoling Liu, Gewen Zheng, Aiying Zhang, Runzhi Li
Dof (DNA binding with one finger) proteins, which constitute a class of transcription factors found exclusively in plants, are involved in numerous physiological and biochemical reactions affecting growth and development. A genome-wide analysis of SiDof genes was performed in this study. Thirty five SiDof genes were identified and those genes were unevenly distributed across nine chromosomes in the Seteria italica genome. Protein lengths, molecular weights, and theoretical isoelectric points of SiDofs all vary greatly...
November 25, 2016: Bio Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889145/potential-probiotic-pichia-kudriavzevii-strains-and-their-ability-to-enhance-folate-content-of-traditional-cereal-based-african-fermented-food
#12
Anna Greppi, Fabien Saubade, Cristian Botta, Christèle Humblot, Jean-Pierre Guyot, Luca Cocolin
With the aim of selecting starter cultures with interesting probiotic potential and with the ability to produce folate in a food matrix, yeast strains isolated from fermented cereal-based African foods were investigated. A total of 93 yeast strains were screened for their tolerance to pH 2 and 0.3% of bile salts. Pichia kudriavzevii isolates gave the best results. Selected P. kudriavzevii strains were tested for survival to the simulated human digestion and for adhesion to Caco-2 cells. Moreover, presence of folate biosynthesis genes was verified and production of extra and intra-cellular folate determined during growth in culture medium...
April 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884674/modification-of-foxtail-millet-starch-by-combining-physical-chemical-and-enzymatic-methods
#13
Ashim Dey, Nandan Sit
Modification of foxtail millet starch was carried out by heat moisture treatment (HT), acid hydrolysis (AH), enzymatic treatment (EH), Ultrasound treatment (UT) and their combinations. A total of 15 modified starches were prepared by combining the various methods and properties were compared with native starch. The solubilities of the starches modified by HT were found to decrease whereas for other single modifications it increased. It also increased with number of modifications applied. The swelling power decreased for all the modified starches and a decrease in swelling power was observed with increase in number of modifications...
November 21, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881984/gene-discovery-and-advances-in-finger-millet-eleusine-coracana-l-gaertn-genomics-an-important-nutri-cereal-of-future
#14
REVIEW
Salej Sood, Anil Kumar, B Kalyana Babu, Vikram S Gaur, Dinesh Pandey, Lakshmi Kant, Arunava Pattnayak
The rapid strides in molecular marker technologies followed by genomics, and next generation sequencing advancements in three major crops (rice, maize and wheat) of the world have given opportunities for their use in the orphan, but highly valuable future crops, including finger millet [Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.]. Finger millet has many special agronomic and nutritional characteristics, which make it an indispensable crop in arid, semi-arid, hilly and tribal areas of India and Africa. The crop has proven its adaptability in harsh conditions and has shown resilience to climate change...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877203/past-and-present-dynamics-of-sorghum-and-pearl-millet-diversity-in-mount-kenya-region
#15
Vanesse Labeyrie, Monique Deu, Yann Dussert, Bernard Rono, Françoise Lamy, Charles Marangu, Dan Kiambi, Caroline Calatayud, Geo Coppens d'Eeckenbrugge, Thierry Robert, Christian Leclerc
Crop populations in smallholder farming systems are shaped by the interaction of biological, ecological, and social processes, occurring on different spatiotemporal scales. Understanding these dynamics is fundamental for the conservation of crop genetic resources. In this study, we investigated the processes involved in sorghum and pearl millet diversity dynamics on Mount Kenya. Surveys were conducted in ten sites distributed along two elevation transects and occupied by six ethnolinguistic groups. Varieties of both species grown in each site were inventoried and characterized using SSR markers...
December 2016: Evolutionary Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877137/an-extreme-mountain-ultra-marathon-decreases-the-cost-of-uphill-walking-and-running
#16
Gianluca Vernillo, Aldo Savoldelli, Spyros Skafidas, Andrea Zignoli, Antonio La Torre, Barbara Pellegrini, Guido Giardini, Pietro Trabucchi, Grégoire P Millet, Federico Schena
Purpose: To examine the effects of the world's most challenging mountain ultramarathon (MUM, 330 km, cumulative elevation gain of +24,000 m) on the energy cost and kinematics of different uphill gaits. Methods: Before (PRE) and immediately after (POST) the competition, 19 male athletes performed three submaximal 5-min treadmill exercise trials in a randomized order: walking at 5 km·h(-1), +20%; running at 6 km·h(-1), +15%; and running at 8 km·h(-1), +10%. During the three trials, energy cost was assessed using an indirect calorimetry system and spatiotemporal gait parameters were acquired with a floor-level high-density photoelectric cells system...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876257/tubular-aggregate-myopathy-with-features-of-stormorken-disease-due-to-a-new-stim1-mutation
#17
Jean-Baptiste Noury, Johann Böhm, Georges Arielle Peche, Lucie Guyant-Marechal, Anne-Laure Bedat-Millet, Léa Chiche, Robert-Yves Carlier, Edoardo Malfatti, Norma B Romero, Tanya Stojkovic
STIM1 is a reticular Ca(2+) sensor composed of a luminal and a cytosolic domain. Missense mutations in the luminal domain have been associated with tubular aggregate myopathy (TAM), while cytosolic mutations can cause Stormorken syndrome, a multisystemic disease associating TAM with asplenia, thrombocytopenia, miosis, ichthyosis, short stature and dyslexia. Here we present the case of a 41-year-old female complaining of exercise intolerance. Clinical examination showed short stature, scoliosis, proximal muscle weakness with lower limb predominance, and ophthalmoplegia...
October 14, 2016: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869703/occurrence-of-fusarium-mycotoxins-in-cereal-crops-and-processed-products-ogi-from-nigeria
#18
Cynthia Adaku Chilaka, Marthe De Boevre, Olusegun Oladimeji Atanda, Sarah De Saeger
In Nigeria, maize, sorghum, and millet are very important cash crops. They are consumed on a daily basis in different processed forms in diverse cultural backgrounds. These crops are prone to fungi infestation, and subsequently may be contaminated with mycotoxins. A total of 363 samples comprising of maize (136), sorghum (110), millet (87), and ogi (30) were collected from randomly selected markets in four agro-ecological zones in Nigeria. Samples were assessed for Fusarium mycotoxins contamination using a multi-mycotoxin liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method...
November 18, 2016: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869105/an-open-access-database-for-the-evaluation-of-heart-sound-algorithms
#19
Chengyu Liu, David Springer, Qiao Li, Benjamin Moody, Ricardo Abad Juan, Francisco J Chorro, Francisco Castells, José Millet Roig, Ikaro Silva, Alistair E W Johnson, Zeeshan Syed, Samuel E Schmidt, Chrysa D Papadaniil, Leontios Hadjileontiadis, Hosein Naseri, Ali Moukadem, Alain Dieterlen, Christian Brandt, Hong Tang, Maryam Samieinasab, Mohammad Reza Samieinasab, Reza Sameni, Roger G Mark, Gari D Clifford
In the past few decades, analysis of heart sound signals (i.e. the phonocardiogram or PCG), especially for automated heart sound segmentation and classification, has been widely studied and has been reported to have the potential value to detect pathology accurately in clinical applications. However, comparative analyses of algorithms in the literature have been hindered by the lack of high-quality, rigorously validated, and standardized open databases of heart sound recordings. This paper describes a public heart sound database, assembled for an international competition, the PhysioNet/Computing in Cardiology (CinC) Challenge 2016...
November 21, 2016: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861891/opa1-haploinsufficiency-induces-a-bnip3-dependent-decrease-in-mitophagy-in-neurons-relevance-to-dominant-optic-atrophy
#20
Manon Moulis, Aurélie Millet, Marlène Daloyau, Marie-Christine Miquel, Brice Ronsin, Bernd Wissinger, Laetitia Arnauné-Pelloquin, Pascale Belenguer
Dominant Optic Atrophy (DOA) is due to mutations in the mitochondrial protein OPA1. The disease principally affects retinal ganglion cells, whose axons degenerate leading to vision impairments, and sometimes other neuronal phenotypes. The exact mechanisms underlying DOA pathogenesis are not known. We previously demonstrated that the main role of OPA1, as a mitochondrial fusogenic and anti-apoptotic protein, are inhibited by interaction with the stress inducible pro-apoptotic BNIP3 protein. Because BNIP3 was recently reported to participate in autophagy and mitophagy, we tested the involvement of these processes in DOA pathogenesis...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Neurochemistry
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