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Qi Zhang, Zhixin Li, Chunxiao Wang, Yunning Liu, Yang Yang, Scottie Bussell, Maigeng Zhou, Linhong Wang
BACKGROUND: China has undergone a rapid demographic and epidemiological transition with fast ecomonic development since the 1980s. Oral health is becoming a major public health problem as the prevalence of non-communicable diseases has greatly increased. Periodontal disease (PD) and caries are among the most prevalent oral diseases. PD accounts for the majority of tooth loss and increases with age. China's third national epidemiological investigation on oral diseases (2005) revealed that periodontitis affected >50% of the adult population...
April 11, 2017: BMC Oral Health
J M Medlock, K M Hansford, V Versteirt, B Cull, H Kampen, D Fontenille, G Hendrickx, H Zeller, W Van Bortel, F Schaffner
Among the invasive mosquitoes registered all over the world, Aedes species are particularly frequent and important. As several of them are potential vectors of disease, they present significant health concerns for 21st century Europe. Five species have established in mainland Europe, with two (Aedes albopictus and Aedes japonicus) becoming widespread and two (Ae. albopictus and Aedes aegypti) implicated in disease transmission to humans in Europe. The routes of importation and spread are often enigmatic, the ability to adapt to local environments and climates are rapid, and the biting nuisance and vector potential are both an ecomonic and public health concern...
December 2015: Bulletin of Entomological Research
Chun-Young Lee, Cheol-Hong Cheon
A new concept of diastereomeric resolution has been developed where a boronic acid functionality was employed as (1) a diastereomeric resolving group with a chiral boron ligand and (2) a masked functional group for further transformation thereafter. This new diastereomeric resolution method was successfully applied to the preparation of both (R)- and (S)-3,3'-disubstituted 1,1'-bi-2-naphthol (BINOL) derivatives in a step-ecomonical manner. Racemic BINOL boronic acid reacted with a commercially available pinene-derived iminodiacetic acid as a chiral boron ligand to generate the two diastereomers in quantitative yields over a gram-scale quantity...
July 19, 2013: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Yun Sang Cho, Hee Soo Lee, Sook-Kyoung Lim, Yi-Seok Joo, Jong Man Kim, Jae Hoon Kim
Bovine bacterial respiratory diseases have been one of the most serious problems due to their high mortality and economic loss in calves. The vaccinations of bovine bacterial respiratory vaccines have been complex because of no multivalent vaccine. In this study, novel multivalent bovine bacterial respiratory vaccine (BRV) was developed and tested for its safety and efficacy. BRV was composed of two immunogens and five bacterins. These were leukotoxoid and bacterin of Mannheimia haemolytica type A, outer membrane protein and bacterin of Pasteurella multocida type A, and bacterins of Haemophilus somnus, Mycoplasma bovis, and Arcanobacterium pyogenes...
September 2008: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
M Ferguson
The Australian Council of Trade Unions (ACTU) and its affiliated health unions have strongly supported and actively participated in the Federal Government Best Practice in Health initiative over the past two years. We believe the initiative has been an important vehicle in fostering the development of the Best Practice approach in this vital sector of the economy. Healthcare expenditure in this country runs to some $34.3 billion (1992/93 figures) annually, financed by a mix of Commonwealth, State and private sources and constituting approximately 9% of GDP...
December 1995: Journal of Quality in Clinical Practice
M Fontaine, S Jeanjean, A Momzikoff
The attractive action of riboflavin at certain concentrations on the young Salmon (parr) has been demonstrated. This property diminished or disappears with smoltifications. Owing to the emission of riboflavin by the young Salmon, the possibility, at diverse migratory or sedentary phases of the biological cycle, of an action of a pheromone or ecomone type, is discussed.
January 18, 1982: Comptes Rendus des Séances de L'Académie des Sciences. Série III, Sciences de la Vie
E Sh Matlina, G S Pukhova, S D Galimov, S N Almaeva, A I Galenchik
In rats, an increased O-methylation in the brain, heart, liver, and in the m. gastrocnemius as well as an increased intensity of oxidative desamination in the liver were revealed after muscular training and administration of retabolile. After additional 70-min swimming, in intact rats the MAO activity was raised in the liver, and the intensity of O-methylation - in the muscle and the heart. In rats adapted to muscular training, no increase of O-methylation in the heart or MAO activity in the liver was observed which may be regarded as an adaptive hypometabolic reaction of the organism for a more "ecomonic" usage of the catecholamines...
March 1976: Fiziologicheskiĭ Zhurnal SSSR Imeni I. M. Sechenova
M J Albert, P Bhat, D Rajan, P P Maiya, S M Pereira, S J Baker
The faecal flora of 29 healthy infants and young children was compared with that of 49 children of similar age and socio-ecomonic status with acute gastroenteritis. In the healthy children the most common organisms in the faeces were bifidobacteria, veillonellae, enterobacteria and enterodocci with anaerobes outnumbering aerobes. Most members of the noraml faecal flora were present in the diarrhoeal stools, but anaerobes were signigicantly reduced in number and enterobacteria were significantly increased, thereby altering the ratio of anaerobes to aerobes...
May 1978: Journal of Medical Microbiology
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