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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764102/assessment-of-the-effects-of-economic-sanctions-on-iranians-right-to-health-by-using-human-rights-impact-assessment-tool-a-systematic-review
#1
Fatemeh Kokabisaghi
BACKGROUND: Over the years, economic sanctions have contributed to violation of right to health in target countries. Iran has been under comprehensive unilateral economic sanctions by groups of countries (not United Nations [UN]) in recent years. They have been intensified from 2012 because of international community's uncertainty about peaceful purpose of Iran's nuclear program and inadequacy of trust-building actions of this country. This review aimed to identify the humanitarian effects of the sanctions on the right of Iranians to health and the obligations of Iran and international community about it...
January 20, 2018: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754120/promoting-healthy-lives-and-well-being-for-all-the-contribution-of-the-international-college-of-person-centered-medicine-icpcm
#2
G N Christodoulou, J E Mezzich, C R Cloninger, N Christodoulou, E Villar, J Appleyard, M Botbol
This article defines the scope of Person-Centered Medicine, traces its roots in ancient conceptions, explains the reasons for the revival of this perspective in our times, and highlights the contribution of the International College of Person-Centered Medicine (ICPCM) in the promotion of the personcentered perspective in health and disease. The value of communication is underlined with reference to both diagnosis and treatment. The concept of Health is considered historically and the inclusiveness, holistic vista and positive health orientation of the WHO definition of Health (1948) is underlined...
January 2018: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749585/does-implementation-matter-if-comprehension-is-lacking-a-qualitative-investigation-into-perceptions-of-advance-care-planning-in-people-with-cancer
#3
Anna Ugalde, Clare O'Callaghan, Clem Byard, Samantha Brean, Jenelle MacKay, Anna Boltong, Sondra Davoren, Deborah Lawson, Phillip Parente, Natasha Michael, Patricia Livingston
PURPOSE: While advance care planning holds promise, uptake is variable and it is unclear how well people engage with or comprehend advance care planning. The objective of this study was to explore how people with cancer comprehended advance care plans and examine how accurately advance care planning documentation represented patient wishes. METHODS: This study used a qualitative descriptive design. Data collection comprised interviews and an examination of participants' existing advance care planning documentation...
May 11, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748344/the-china-patient-centered-evaluative-assessment-of-cardiac-events-china-peace-retrospective-heart-failure-study-design
#4
Yuan Yu, Hongzhao Zhang, Xi Li, Yuan Lu, Frederick A Masoudi, Harlan M Krumholz, Jing Li
INTRODUCTION: Heart failure (HF) is a leading cause of hospitalisation in China, which is experiencing a rapid increase in cardiovascular disease prevalence. Yet, little is known about current burden of disease, quality of care and treatment outcomes of HF in China. The objective of this paper is to describe the study methodology, data collection and abstraction, and progress to date of the China Patient-centered Evaluative Assessment of Cardiac Events 5 Retrospective Heart Failure Study (China PEACE 5r-HF)...
May 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747785/critical-care-nurses-experiences-of-performing-successful-peripheral-intravenous-catheterization-in-difficult-situations
#5
Angelica Forsberg, Åsa Engström
The aim of this study is to describe the experiences of critical care nurses (CCNs) when performing successful peripheral intravenous catheterization (PIVC) on adult inpatients in difficult situations. This study uses a descriptive design with a qualitative approach. Semistructured interviews were given to CCNs (n = 22) at a general central county hospital in northern Sweden. The interview text was analyzed with qualitative thematic content analysis. Three themes emerged: "releasing time and creating peace," "feeling self-confidence in the role of expert nurse," and "technical interventions promoting success...
June 2018: Journal of Vascular Nursing: Official Publication of the Society for Peripheral Vascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746283/spiritual-care-in-cancer-patients-a-need-or-an-option
#6
Carla I Ripamonti, Federico Giuntoli, Silvia Gonella, Guido Miccinesi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Because of cancer is generally perceived as a life-threatening illness, patients often develop spiritual needs upon the diagnosis. Spirituality impacts patient quality of life (QoL) and provides a context in which to derive hope and meaning to cope with illness. The goal of this review is to give an overview of the most relevant studies with a focus on the relationship between spiritual well being, QoL and hope in patients with cancer, in addition to exploring the importance of spiritual issues both for patients and healthcare professionals...
May 8, 2018: Current Opinion in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743946/cancer-treatment-in-the-last-6-months-of-life-when-inaction-can-outperform-action
#7
Bishal Gyawali, Saroj Niraula
When an investigational anticancer drug is being tested, demonstration of improvement in overall survival (OS) will generally lead to regulatory approval. However, the value that improvement in OS adds to patients' lives is guided largely by the context of the improvement and accompanying trade-offs. For example, when a patient's life expectancy is less than 6 months, many oncologists will not embark on any active cancer treatments. However, multiple new anticancer drugs have been approved recently after being tested in end-stage cancer patients and demonstrating median OS in the experimental arm close to 6 months...
2018: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742013/the-2017-nobel-peace-prize-and-the-doomsday-clock-the-end-of-nuclear-weapons-or-the-end-of-us
#8
Lachlan Forrow, Tilman Ruff, Setsuko Thurlow
The awarding of the 2017 Nobel Peace Prize to the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN) may mark a turning point in efforts to ensure that humanity survives the nuclear-weapons era. The urgency of ICAN’s work was recently highlighted when the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists..
May 9, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738900/multimorbidity-patterns-and-associations-with-functional-limitations-among-an-aging-population-in-prison
#9
Madison L Gates, Elizabeth G Hunter, Vivian Dicks, Peace N Jessa, Veronica Walker, Wonsuk Yoo
OBJECTIVES: Co-occurring chronic diseases are associated with functional limitations, particularly for the aging population ≥50 years old. Aging offenders (individual who are imprisoned) tend to have greater prevalence of chronic, mental health, and substance use disorders compared to non-imprisoned populations. Our primary aim was to determine patterns of co-occurring conditions associated with functional limitations among aging offenders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included all male offenders from one correctional system who were ≥50 years old (n = 2270) and extracted diagnoses for chronic diseases, mental health, substance use disorders, and functional limitations from an electronic health record...
April 2, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724137/pursuit-of-proteomic-excellence-and-the-excitement-in-ko%C3%A5-ice-slovakia-at-the-11th-central-and-eastern-european-proteomic-conference-ceepc
#10
Suresh Gadher, Mangesh Bhide, Hana Kovarova
The Central and Eastern European Proteomic Conference (CEEPC) successfully launched its second decade of proteomics in Košice, Slovakia with a program of systems biology, cellular, clinical, veterinary and sports proteomics. Whilst many conferences are struggling to attract participants, CEEPC with its outstanding track record and unique 'family - feel' packaged with excellent ambiance is thriving and bringing together proteomics experts from academia, industry, scientific specialties, clinics and precision medicine communities interested in resolving mysteries about protein functionalities in health and disease...
May 4, 2018: Expert Review of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723428/dulcie-coleman-a-pioneer-of-cytology-in-the-uk-and-europe
#11
EDITORIAL
Amanda Herbert
We sadly announce the death earlier this year of Professor Dulcie V Coleman, the driving force behind the publication of Cytopathology in 1990 and pioneer of cytology in the UK and throughout Europe (Figure 1). She died peacefully in Naples, Florida on Sunday 4th February 2018 surrounded by her family including her husband of 60 years (Jack Poznansky), their four children and two of their 13 grandchildren several of whom contributed to her academic work and publications. She had moved to Florida to be nearer much of her family but returned regularly to continue her work at Imperial College...
May 3, 2018: Cytopathology: Official Journal of the British Society for Clinical Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718903/patients-costs-socio-economic-and-health-system-aspects-associated-with-malaria-in-pregnancy-in-an-endemic-area-of-colombia
#12
Elisa Sicuri, Azucena Bardají, Sergi Sanz, Sergi Alonso, Silke Fernandes, Kara Hanson, Myriam Arevalo-Herrera, Clara Menendez
Malaria in pregnancy threatens birth outcomes and the health of women and their newborns. This is also the case in low transmission areas, such as Colombia, where Plasmodium vivax is the dominant parasite species. Within the Colombian health system, which underwent major reforms in the '90s, malaria treatment is provided free of charge to patients. However, patients still incur costs, such as transportation and value of time lost due to the disease. We estimated such costs among 40 pregnant women with clinical malaria (30% Plasmodium falciparum, 70% Plasmodium vivax) in the municipality of Tierralta, Northern Colombia...
May 2, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705591/post-transcriptional-control-of-virulence-gene-expression-in-staphylococcus-aureus
#13
REVIEW
Alexandre Le Scornet, Peter Redder
Opportunistic pathogens have to be ready to change life-style whenever the occasion arises, and therefore need to keep tight control over the expression of their virulence factors. Doubly so for commensal bacteria, such as Staphylococcus aureus, which should avoid harming their hosts when they are in a state of peaceful co-existence. S. aureus carries very few sigma factors to help define the transcriptional programs, but instead uses a plethora of small RNA molecules and RNA-RNA interactions to regulate gene expression post-transcriptionally...
April 26, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704778/lessons-learned-evaluating-the-program-fidelity-of-unwomen-partnership-for-peace-domestic-violence-diversion-program-in-the-eastern-caribbean
#14
Rohan D Jeremiah, Camille R Quinn, Jicinta M Alexis
To date, there have been a plethora of punitive and diversion programs to address domestic violence around the world. However, the evaluative scholarship of such programs overwhelmingly reflects studies in developed countries while barely showcasing the realities of addressing domestic violence in developing countries. This paper features a multi-year (2008-2011) evaluation study that measured the fidelity of the United Nations Partnership for Peace (PfP) domestic violence diversion program in the Eastern Caribbean country of Grenada...
April 3, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703244/hunger-influenced-life-expectancy-in-war-torn-sub-saharan-african-countries
#15
Florence N Uchendu
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is a global public health problem especially in developing countries experiencing war/conflicts. War might be one of the socio-political factors influencing malnutrition in Sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries. This study aims at determining the influence of war on corruption, population (POP), number of population malnourished (NPU), food security and life expectancy (LE) in war-torn SSA countries (WTSSA) by comparing their malnutrition indicators. METHODS: Fourteen countries in WTSSA were stratified into zones according to war incidences...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700247/peace-dividend
#16
Lizzie Wade
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2018: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697831/physical-therapists-forward-deployed-on-aircraft-carriers-a-retrospective-look-at-a-decade-of-service
#17
Michael D Rosenthal, Gregg W Ziemke, Matthew L Bush, Joshua Halfpap
Introduction: Navy physical therapists (PTs) have been a part of ship's company aboard Aircraft Carriers since 2002 due to musculoskeletal injuries being the number one cause of lost duty time and disability. This article describes a decade of physical therapy services provided aboard aircraft carriers. Materials and Methods: A retrospective survey was conducted to evaluate the types of services provided, volume of workload, value of services provided, and impact of PTs on operational readiness for personnel aboard Naval aircraft carriers...
April 25, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693961/psychometric-properties-of-the-farsi-version-of-%C3%A2-spiritual-needs-questionnaire%C3%A2-for-cancer-patients-in-iran-a-methodological-study
#18
Khadijeh Hatamipour, Maryam Rassouli, Farideh Yaghmaie, Kazem Zendedel
Background and objectives: Spiritual needs are very important requirements to cancer patients. A valid and reliable instrument is needed for evaluation. This study was conducted to psychometrically evaluate a Spiritual Needs Questionnaire (SpNQ) for cancer patients in Iran. Methods: In this study, the methodology and psychometric properties of the Farsi version of the SpNQ (Büssing et al., (2010)) were evaluated, based on the model proposed by Wilde et al., (2005). The study population included cancer patients referred to the largest referral center in Iran...
April 25, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690947/united-nations-charter-chapter-vii-article-43-now-or-never
#19
Frederick M Burkle
For more than 75 years, the United Nations Charter has functioned without the benefit of Chapter VII, Article 43, which commits all United Nations member states "to make available to the Security Council, on its call, armed forces, assistance, facilities, including rights of passage necessary for the purpose of maintaining international peace and security." The consequences imposed by this 1945 decision have had a dramatic negative impact on the United Nation's functional capacity as a global body for peace and security...
April 25, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687040/how-can-scientists-promote-peace
#20
Sandra L Shea
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Temperature: Multidisciplinary Biomedical Journal
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