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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211579/impact-of-treatment-variability-on-survival-in-immuno-competent-and-immuno-compromised-patients-with-primary-central-nervous-lymphoma
#1
Reem Karmali, Chadi Nabhan, Adam M Petrich, Jeffrey Raizer, David Peace, Rimas Lukas, Leo I Gordon, Sanjib Basu, Vineela Chukkapalli, Parameswaran Venugopal
Patients with primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) treated in the 'real-world' setting do not represent those treated on clinical trials and might not be treated similarly. We studied characteristics and variability in care for 113 newly diagnosed PCNSL patients treated at 5 institutions in the Chicago area between 2000 and 2012. In 111 patients, single modality therapy with a high dose methotrexate (HD-MTX) regimen +/- rituximab, was most commonly employed (n = 65), and 34 underwent radiotherapy (+/- systemic therapy)...
February 17, 2017: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210990/indices-from-lagged-poincare-plots-of-heart-rate-variability-an-efficient-nonlinear-tool-for-emotion-discrimination
#2
Ateke Goshvarpour, Ataollah Abbasi, Atefeh Goshvarpour
Interest in human emotion recognition, regarding physiological signals, has recently risen. In this study, an efficient emotion recognition system, based on geometrical analysis of autonomic nervous system signals, is presented. The electrocardiogram recordings of 47 college students were obtained during rest condition and affective visual stimuli. Pictures with four emotional contents, including happiness, peacefulness, sadness, and fear were selected. Then, ten lags of Poincare plot were constructed for heart rate variability (HRV) segments...
February 16, 2017: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209554/when-war-is-better-than-peace-the-post-conflict-realities-of-children-born-of-wartime-rape-in-northern-uganda
#3
Myriam Denov, Atim Angela Lakor
This paper examines the realities and perspectives of a sample of 60 children born of wartime rape within the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA), and currently living in northern Uganda. These children were born to mothers who were abducted by the LRA, held captive for extended periods of time, repeatedly raped and impregnated. The paper explores the multiple challenges that these children face in the post-war period including, rejection, stigma, violence, socio-economic marginalization, and issues of identity and belonging...
February 13, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192224/qualitative-study-on-the-perceptions-of-terminally-ill-cancer-patients-and-their-family-members-regarding-end-of-life-experiences-focusing-on-palliative-sedation
#4
Young Eun, In-Wha Hong, Eduardo Bruera, Jung Hun Kang
CONTEXT: Patients with terminal cancer experience refractory symptoms in the last days of life. Although palliative sedation (PS) is recommended for patients suffering unbearable symptoms with imminent death, it requires clear communication between physicians and patients/caregivers. Understanding the demands and perceptions of patients and caregivers in the end-of-life phase are needed for effective communication. OBJECTIVE: To explore patient experiences regarding end-of-life status and PS...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192004/psychological-resources-and-glucoregulation-in-japanese-adults-findings-from-midja
#5
Jennifer Morozink Boylan, Vera K Tsenkova, Yuri Miyamoto, Carol D Ryff
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between glucoregulation and 3 categories of psychological resources: hedonic well-being (i.e., life satisfaction, positive affect), eudaimonic well-being (i.e., personal growth, purpose in life, ikigai), and interdependent well-being (i.e., gratitude, peaceful disengagement, adjustment) among Japanese adults. The question is important given increases in rates of type 2 diabetes in Japan in recent years, combined with the fact that most prior studies linking psychological resources to better physical health have utilized Western samples...
February 13, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188476/classrooms-in-peace-within-violent-contexts-field-evaluation-of-aulas-en-paz-in-colombia
#6
Enrique Chaux, Madeleine Barrera, Andrés Molano, Ana María Velásquez, Melisa Castellanos, Maria Paula Chaparro, Andrea Bustamante
Classrooms in Peace (Aulas en Paz) is an elementary school-based multicomponent program for prevention of aggression and promotion of peaceful relationships. Inspired by international programs and socio-emotional research, it includes (1) a classroom universal curriculum, (2) parent workshops and home visits to parents of the 10% most aggressive children, and (3) extracurricular peer groups of two aggressive and four prosocial children. Activities seek to promote socio-emotional competencies such as empathy, anger management, creative generation of alternatives, and assertiveness...
February 11, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181976/the-spiritual-challenges-faced-by-family-caregivers-of-patients-with-cancer-a-qualitative-study
#7
Shahnaz Nemati, Maryam Rassouli, Mahnaz Ilkhani, Ahmad Reza Baghestani
This qualitative study was conducted to investigate the spiritual challenges faced by Iranian family caregivers of patients with cancer. The findings showed, 2 main themes, including "spiritual crisis" and "spiritual coherence", and 6 classes, including "spiritual distress", "disappointment," "faith and trust in God," "praying," "inner peace," and "transcendence."
March 2017: Holistic Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176189/number-needed-to-treat-in-multiple-sclerosis-clinical-trials
#8
REVIEW
Macaulay Okwuokenye, Annie Zhang, Amy Pace, Karl E Peace
Clinicians are expected to select a therapy based on their appraisal of evidence on benefit-to-risk profiles of therapies. In the management of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS), evidence is typically expressed in terms of risk (proportion) of event, risk reduction, relative and hazard rate reduction, or relative reduction in the mean number of magnetic resonance imaging lesions. Interpreting treatment effect using these measures from a RRMS clinical trial is fairly reliable; however, this might not be the case when treatment effect is expressed in terms of the number needed to treat (NNT)...
February 7, 2017: Neurology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175997/nothing-left-to-chance-the-impact-of-locus-of-control-on-physical-and-mental-quality-of-life-in-terminal-cancer-patients
#9
Alaina J Brown, Premal H Thaker, Charlotte C Sun, Diana L Urbauer, Eduardo Bruera, Diane C Bodurka, Lois M Ramondetta
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate if locus of control (LOC) predicts various quality of life (QOL) and mental well-being measures among terminally ill cancer patients at the time of palliative care consult. METHODS: Multi-site analysis of patients with advanced cancer being seen as new patients in a Palliative and Supportive Care outpatient clinic. Patients completed the following surveys: locus of control (LOC) scale, Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-General (FACT-G), Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Spiritual (FACIT-Sp), Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale (HADS), and Herth Hope Index (HHI)...
February 7, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169352/metacarpal-bone-plane-examination-by-ultrasonography-for-the-diagnosis-of-fetal-forearm-and-hand-deformity
#10
Leiping Zhou, Mingli Lv, Min Zeng, Yun Zhou, Tian Yang, Yu Yang, Yunyun Cao, Xiaoxiao Kong, Jianmei Niu
We explored the value of the metacarpal bone plane in screening for serious fetal forearm and hand deformities, excluding simple polydactyly and dactylion deformity, by ultrasonographic examination. Observed the second to fifth metacarpal bone plane of fetuses in 20,139 pregnant women at a gestational age of 16 to 30 weeks in The International Peace Maternity &Child Health Hospital of China Welfare Institute (IPMCH). There was a total 138 cases of fetal forearm and/or hand deformity among the 20,139 pregnant women...
February 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165632/comparison-of-3-options-for-choosing-control-limits-in-biochemistry-testing
#11
Simone Manzocchi, Erika Furman, Kathleen Freeman
BACKGROUND: The purpose of statistical quality control (QC) is to provide peace of mind with regard to the production of results that are suitable for analytically sound clinical interpretation and making reliable decisions about patient diagnosis, monitoring, and prognosis. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we compared 3 options for choosing control limits for biochemistry testing. They focus on the probability of error detection (Ped) and probability of false rejection (Pfr) achievable for a veterinary biochemical analyzer using the following 3 combinations: the quality control material (QCM) manufacturer's acceptable ranges; a standard 12s rule customized for the instrument's observed performance; and candidate rules selected for the instrument's observed performance using a computerized program (EZrules)...
February 6, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164686/medical-resource-preparation-and-allocation-for-humanitarian-assistance-based-on-module-organization
#12
Min Zhu, Ruxue Chen, Shaobo Zhong, Yangming Qian, Quanyi Huang
BACKGROUND: This research aims to associate the allocation of medical resources with the function of the modular organization and the possible needs for humanitarian assistance missions. METHODS: The overseas humanitarian medical assistance mission, which was sent after a disaster on the hospital ship Peace Ark, part of China's People's Liberation Army (PLA) Navy, was considered as study model. The cases used for clustering and matching sample formation were randomly selected from the existing information related to Peace Ark's mission...
February 2017: Minerva Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161532/effects-of-vitamin-d-status-on-oral-health
#13
Anne Marie Uwitonze, Julienne Murererehe, Marie Claire Ineza, Eliane Harelimana, Uziel Nsabimana, Peace Uwambaye, Agnes Gatarayiha, Afrozul Haq, Mohammed S Razzaque
Normal humans of all ages have the innate ability to produce vitamin D following sunlight exposure. Inadequate vitamin D status has shown to be associated with a wide variety of diseases, including oral health disorders. Insufficient sunlight exposure may accelerate some of these diseases, possibly due to impaired vitamin D synthesis. The beneficial effects of vitamin D on oral health are not only limited to the direct effects on the tooth mineralization, but are also exerted through the anti-inflammatory functions and the ability to stimulate the production of anti-microbial peptides...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159844/military-anaesthesia-in-contingencies-what-skill-sets-are-required-and-how-will-we-prepare-our-trainees
#14
EDITORIAL
Simon J Mercer, C L Jones, J Round, D Parkhouse
The Defence Medical Services are now in an established period of contingency operations. In 2008, the Royal College of Anaesthetists approved a Military Anaesthesia Higher Training Module which could be easily achieved by deploying to the field hospital in Camp Bastion, Afghanistan, for two months under the supervision of a consultant anaesthetist. This opportunity no longer exists but the need to assure quality training and to demonstrate military skill sets is still essential. This article discusses the revised Military Higher Module and how it will be implemented in the future either during deployment or during times of peace...
February 3, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158268/human-mobility-in-large-cities-as-a-proxy-for-crime
#15
Carlos Caminha, Vasco Furtado, Tarcisio H C Pequeno, Caio Ponte, Hygor P M Melo, Erneson A Oliveira, José S Andrade
We investigate at the subscale of the neighborhoods of a highly populated city the incidence of property crimes in terms of both the resident and the floating population. Our results show that a relevant allometric relation could only be observed between property crimes and floating population. More precisely, the evidence of a superlinear behavior indicates that a disproportional number of property crimes occurs in regions where an increased flow of people takes place in the city. For comparison, we also found that the number of crimes of peace disturbance only correlates well, and in a superlinear fashion too, with the resident population...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155112/neuroscience-and-psychological-studies-sustain-the-cognitive-benefits-of-print-reading
#16
EDITORIAL
Bernard Perbal
On behalf of the Journal of Cell Communication and Signaling Editorial board it is my great pleasure to present through this message of peace and love our warmest wishes of health, happiness and professional success. We sincerely hope that 2017 will be a peaceful year worldwide and that solutions will be brought to resolve the great tensions that crystalized last year into terrible acts of violence which reflected the inability of the political powers to bring satisfactory solutions to human dispair and fear...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Cell Communication and Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134771/understanding-resilience-dimensions-and-adaptive-strategies-to-the-impact-of-recurrent-droughts-in-borana-zone-oromia-region-ethiopia-a-grounded-theory-approach
#17
Zewdie Birhanu, Argaw Ambelu, Negalign Berhanu, Abraraw Tesfaye, Kifle Woldemichael
Recurrent shocks and stresses are increasingly deteriorating pastoralist communities' resilience capacities in many aspects. A context specific resilience framework is essential to strengthen pastoralist community's resilience capacity towards the impact of recurrent drought. Hence, the present study was aimed to develop a context specific and data driven resilience building framework towards impacts of recurrent droughts in the case of Borana pastoralists in Ethiopia. Qualitative grounded theory approach was employed to guide the study process...
January 26, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124211/youth-from-fundamentalist-societies-what-are-their-attitudes-toward-war-and-peace-and-their-relations-with-anxiety-reactions
#18
Tehila Kalagy, Orna Braun-Lewensohn, Sara Abu-Kaf
The present study was conducted during "Protective Edge," a long-lasting military operation between the State of Israel and Hamas in Gaza, during which hundreds of rockets were fired from Gaza into various regions across the country. At the same time, Israeli forces bombed Gaza and sent in ground forces. The military operation ended after 50 days of fighting, with a cease-fire between the warring sides. The aim of this study was to compare attitudes and perceptions of youth from different religious fundamentalist societies, toward the war and their readiness for peace during this specific violent struggle, and attitudes toward the Israeli-Palestinian (I-P) conflict in general...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118680/surgical-wisdom-and-genghis-khan-s-pax-mongolica
#19
Jakob Köstenbauer
BACKGROUND: The unrivalled conquests of Genghis Khan (CE c.1162-1227) led to the establishment of the Greater Mongolian Empire. By 1279, the Mongol dynasty controlled a vast Empire which, for the first time in history, unified Europe and China via the famous Silk Road. The ensuing century of peace and stability is referred to by historians as the Pax Mongolica, which facilitated Europe's renaissance and remarkably contributed to the rise of modern medicine and surgery. METHODS: Secondary sources from published literature, primary sources from manuscripts and illustrations courtesy of universities, museum libraries and archives...
January 24, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114087/preservation-of-peace-as-a-target-of-mental-health-promotion
#20
EDITORIAL
G Christodoulou
There is little need to argue for the serious consequences of War on the mental health of survivors. This painful fact has been known since time immemorial but in spite of this it has not worked in an avertive way to the desired extent. What has the mental health community done towards this direction? Not much, unfortunately. The reasons must be sought in the notion that preservation of peace is considered as self-evident, in the fear that supporting peace may be perceived as a political action or may be just in simple inertia...
October 2016: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
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