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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105754/process-of-becoming-a-mother-for-iranian-surrogacy-commissioning-mothers-a-grounded-theory-study
#1
Mitra Zandi, Zohreh Vanaki, Marziyeh Shiva, Eesa Mohammadi
AIM: Little knowledge is available about the experiences of the commissioning mothers during the process of surrogacy; thus, the present study was conducted in order to explore and analyze this process. METHODS: This study was conducted in a referral institute in Tehran with a qualitative approach and using grounded theory methodology. The data were collected through 39 unstructured, in-depth interviews that were conducted with 15 gestational commissioning mothers, two of their husbands, four surrogates, and four of the personnel at centers for assisted reproduction (some participants were interviewed more than once)...
January 20, 2017: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103402/do-same-sex-mounts-function-as-dominance-assertion-in-male-golden-snub-nosed-monkeys-rhinopithecus-roxellana
#2
Pengzhen Huang, Xin He, Endi Zhang, Min Chen
It has been hypothesized that same-sex mounts can reflect the hierarchical relationship in a mounting dyad and it is widely deemed that mounting and being mounted are demonstrations of dominant and subordinate status, respectively. In this research, we aimed to test whether same-sex mounts function as dominance assertion in male golden snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus roxellana). We investigated this behavior in eight-individuals, captive all-male unit (AMU) in Shanghai wild animal park, China. Behavioral observations were conducted with a total of 1,855 mounts recorded from November, 2014 to June, 2015, during which the alpha male was replaced in the beginning of April...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103111/oxidative-stress-and-carcinogenesis-potential-of-phytochemicals-in-breast-cancer-therapy
#3
Gilead Ebiegberi Forcados, Dorcas Bolanle James, Abdullahi Balarabe Sallau, Aliyu Muhammad, Peace Mabeta
Breast cancer remains a burden in both developed and developing countries, with higher mortality in developing countries. Attempts to eradicate cancer have not been successful despite the progress made in the development of more novel chemotherapeutic drugs. Reactive-oxygen-species-mediated oxidative stress is known to play a role in breast cancer pathogenesis via genetic and epigenetic modifications, resulting in uncontrolled cell proliferation. Phytochemicals could provide leads for the development of alternative therapeutic agents due to their antioxidant activity, as well as their ability to induce apoptosis in cancer cells...
January 19, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096009/perceptions-of-dying-well-and-distressing-death-by-acute-care-nurses
#4
Christine A Becker, Greg Wright, Kristen Schmit
AIM: This study aims to identify perceptions of nurses practicing in four adult inpatient units regarding their actions to provide quality end of life care for dying patients, their definitions of dying well, and their symptoms of distress and actions they took for relief. BACKGROUND: Nurses caring for patients who are dying want them to have the best death possible; however, many nurses are not prepared for every death which may occur. METHODS: Qualitative questionnaire data were collected from 49 nurses on four adult inpatient nursing units to analyze nurse perceptions of distressing death and dying well...
February 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095427/mobile-phones-and-mental-well-being-initial-evidence-suggesting-the-importance-of-staying-connected-to-family-in-rural-remote-communities-in-uganda
#5
Amber L Pearson, Elizabeth Mack, Judith Namanya
Due to the ubiquity of mobile phones around the globe, studies are beginning to analyze their influence on health. Prior work from developed countries highlights negative mental health outcomes related to overuse of mobile phones. However, there is little work on mental health impacts of mobile phone use or ownership in developing countries. This is an important gap to address because there are likely variations in mental health impacts of mobile phones between developing and developed countries, due to cultural nuances to phone use and distinct variations in financial models for obtaining mobile phone access in developing countries...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090456/chronic-endometritis-and-infertility
#6
REVIEW
Hyun Jong Park, You Shin Kim, Tae Ki Yoon, Woo Sik Lee
Chronic endometritis (CE) is a condition involving the breakdown of the peaceful co-existence between microorganisms and the host immune system in the endometrium. A majority of CE cases produce no noticeable signs or mild symptoms, and the prevalence rate of CE has been found to be approximately 10%. Gynecologists and pathologists often do not focus much clinical attention on CE due to the time-consuming microscopic examinations necessary to diagnose CE, its mild clinical manifestations, and the benign nature of the disease...
December 2016: Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077833/-adaptation-process-to-group-home-living-by-older-adults
#7
Hee Sook Yoon, Sohyune Sok
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to explore and describe the adaptation process of older people to group homes. METHODS: Participants were twenty older adults aged 65 or older who were living in group homes. Data were collected from January to April, 2015. In-depth unstructured interviews were conducted with individual participants. Data were analyzed using Strauss and Corbin's grounded theory method. RESULTS: From open coding, 100 concepts, 38 sub-categories, and 14 categories were identified...
December 2016: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076838/identification-of-mdmb-fubinaca-in-commercially-available-e-liquid-formulations-sold-for-use-in-electronic-cigarettes
#8
Michelle R Peace, Rose I Krakowiak, Carl E Wolf, Alphonse Poklis, Justin L Poklis
MDMB-FUBINACA (aka MDMB(N)-Bz-F), chemical name Methyl (S)-2-(1-(4-fluorobenzyl)-1H-indazole-3-carboxamido)-3,3-dimethylbutanoate, a designer drug or a new psychoactive substance (NPS), was identified in three commercially available e-liquids formulated for electronic cigarette use. The e-liquids were evaluated using direct analysis in real time ion source attached to a time of flight mass spectrometer (DART-MS) and gas chromatograph mass spectrometer (GC-MS) to identify active ingredients/drugs, flavorants, and other possible constituents...
December 27, 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071796/influence-of-package-visual-cues-of-sweeteners-on-the-sensory-emotional-profiles-of-their-products
#9
Wisdom Wardy, Pitchayapat Chonpracha, Napapan Chokumnoyporn, Sujinda Sriwattana, Witoon Prinyawiwatkul, Wannita Jirangrat
Substantial evidence suggests influence of color, physical state, and other extrinsic features on consumer perception and acceptability of food products. In this study, 560 subjects evaluated liking and emotional responses associated with 5 sweeteners (sucralose, stevia, saccharin, aspartame, and sucrose) under 2 eliciting conditions: control (brand name only) and informed (brand name/packet image), to assess impact of the packet color. For a given condition, 5 identical tea samples each labeled with a sweetener type were rated for sweetness and overall liking (9-point) and emotions (5-point)...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069955/ambivalent-stereotypes-link-to-peace-conflict-and-inequality-across-38-nations
#10
Federica Durante, Susan T Fiske, Michele J Gelfand, Franca Crippa, Chiara Suttora, Amelia Stillwell, Frank Asbrock, Zeynep Aycan, Hege H Bye, Rickard Carlsson, Fredrik Björklund, Munqith Dagher, Armando Geller, Christian Albrekt Larsen, Abdel-Hamid Abdel Latif, Tuuli Anna Mähönen, Inga Jasinskaja-Lahti, Ali Teymoori
A cross-national study, 49 samples in 38 nations (n = 4,344), investigates whether national peace and conflict reflect ambivalent warmth and competence stereotypes: High-conflict societies (Pakistan) may need clearcut, unambivalent group images distinguishing friends from foes. Highly peaceful countries (Denmark) also may need less ambivalence because most groups occupy the shared national identity, with only a few outcasts. Finally, nations with intermediate conflict (United States) may need ambivalence to justify more complex intergroup-system stability...
January 9, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068503/talking-about-god-with-trauma-survivors
#11
Colin A Ross
Severe, chronic childhood trauma commonly results in a set of negative core self-beliefs. These include blaming the self for the abuse, feeling unworthy and unlovable, believing the world would be better off if one committed suicide, and believing that one does not deserve peace or happiness. Linked to these cognitive errors are beliefs that one is not worthy of God's love, that God wanted the person to be abused, and that the person can avoid God's judgment if she does not go to church. Strategies for dealing with these cognitive errors about God are presented within the context of a secular psychotherapy...
December 31, 2016: American Journal of Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067605/near-death-experiences-posttraumatic-growth-and-life-satisfaction-among-burn-survivors
#12
David Royse, Karen Badger
Survivors of large burns may face positive and negative psychological after-effects from close-to-death injuries. This study is the first to examine their near-death experiences (NDEs) and posttraumatic growth (PTG) and life satisfaction afterwards. With an available sample of 92 burn survivors, half met the criteria for an NDE using an objective scale. Those who indicated religion was a source of strength and comfort had high scores on life satisfaction, PTG, and the NDE Scale. Individuals with larger burns reported greater PTG than those with smaller total body surface area burned (TBSA)...
January 9, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064292/caring-for-the-dying-in-a-developing-country-how-prepared-are-we
#13
H S Gendeh, A S Bhar, M K Gendeh, H Yaakup, B S Gendeh, N R Kosai, A R Ramzisham
End of life care is framework to allow for a peaceful, comfortable and dignified death while considering the patients' personal and religious values, bioethics and knowledge of the disease process. A well planned end of life pathway should allow for the flexibility to shift from an active (or aggressive) treatment approach to one of comfort and care when initial interventions have failed. The need for this pathway is most apparent in the intensive care setting. Implementation of a pathway will face various challenges due to religious and cultural beliefs, education of healthcare providers to carry out difficult discussions and larger socioeconomic implications...
October 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063092/was-hawan-designed-to-fight-anxiety-scientific-evidences
#14
R K Romana, A Sharma, V Gupta, R Kaur, S Kumar, P Bansal
Anxiety is a psychiatric disorder with unknown neurobiology; however, neurotransmitters like gamma-amino butyric acid, norepinephrine and serotonin (5-HT) play crucial roles in mediating anxiety. Present drug modules pose dependence risk to the patient; hence, there is a great need to develop complementary therapies to fight this disorder. Aromatherapy has also been employed in ancient times for a number of mental disorders. Mahamrituanjay Mantra, Om triambkum yajamahe, sughandhim puushtivardhanam, urvarukmev vandhanaat, mrityu mokshay mamritaat!!!!, the part of veda enlightens that aroma gives rise to good health (sughandhim puushtivardhanam)...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058657/a-two-ocean-bouillabaisse-science-politics-and-the-central-american-sea-level-canal-controversy
#15
Christine Keiner
As the Panama Canal approached its fiftieth anniversary in the mid-1960s, U.S. officials concerned about the costs of modernization welcomed the technology of peaceful nuclear excavation to create a new waterway at sea level. Biologists seeking a share of the funds slated for radiological-safety studies called attention to another potential effect which they deemed of far greater ecological and evolutionary magnitude - marine species exchange, an obscure environmental issue that required the expertise of underresourced life scientists...
January 5, 2017: Journal of the History of Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054217/the-role-of-the-penteco-charismatic-clergy-in-the-political-health-development-in-ghana
#16
Moses Kumi Asamoah
Several countries in Africa are perpetually linked to an inexpungable history of cyclical ethnic conflicts, violence and coup d'état which culminated in the untimely death of many, others severely wounded and many left in a hopeless situation. The paper discusses in-depth, the role and functions of the clergy (ministers of religion) in the political health development in Ghana. The rationale is that the clergy's esteemed status among the church members and the society as a whole could impact positively on the lives of the people in the society, and for that matter, they are expected to speak to national issues...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048764/tu-d-202-00-rest-in-peace-itv
#17
Marcel van Herk
: Respiratory motion has long been recognized as an important factor affecting the precision of radiotherapy. After the introduction of the 4D CT to visualize the respiratory motion in 3D, the internal target volume (ITV) has been widely adopted as simple method to take the motion into account in treatment planning and delivery. The ITV is generated as the union of the CTVs as the patient goes through the respiratory cycle. Many issues have been identified with the ITV. In this session three alternatives for the ITV will be discussed: 1) An alternative motion-inclusive approach with better imaging and smaller margins, called mid-position CT...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048305/su-f-j-139-amplitude-of-low-frequency-fluctuation-alff-and-regional-homogeneity-reho-study-of-the-respiration-motion-control-byhypnosis
#18
Y Liu, R Li, Y Xie
PURPOSE: Respiration control by hypnosis is a method in reducing the detriment to the healthy organs or organizations for patients during radiotherapy, especially for lung and abdomen cancer (Fig.1). It's hypothesized that there exists alterations neurological brain activity during the hypnosis state of respiratory motion control in comparison with resting state. METHODS: Thirteen healthy volunteers were organized to participate in a hypnosis experiment that consisted of two sectional scans of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), rest state condition (RSC) scanning and hypnosis state condition (HSC) scanning...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045700/exploring-meaning-in-the-life-of-chinese-breast-cancer-survivors
#19
Hao-Zhi Xia, Lei Gao, Hong Yue, Bao-Xin Shi
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women worldwide, and spiritual fulfillment such as experiencing meaning in life plays an important role in coping with the disease. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to explore and understand Chinese breast cancer survivors' perspective on meaning in life. METHODS: This study used Grounded Theory; 23 participants were recruited using convenience sampling, purposive sampling, and theoretical sampling...
December 30, 2016: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043292/-face-the-challenge-create-brilliance-further-understanding-of-burn-surgery-confusion-in-our-country
#20
C Y Jia
Burn surgery has a glorious history in our country, but it still faces enormous challenges at present: the incidence of burn declines year by year, basic research and clinical diagnosis are more or less disjointed, national medical care and education system need to be further perfected, fusion of new technology lags behind, and army system adjustment in military hospitals is in progress, etc. We need to adjust strategies in time of peace, and prepare for challenges so as to create new splendor.
December 20, 2016: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
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