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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143135/the-mediating-role-of-spirituality-meaning-peace-faith-between-psychological-distress-and-mental-adjustment-in-cancer-patients
#1
Paula Jimenez-Fonseca, Urbano Lorenzo-Seva, Pere Joan Ferrando, Alberto Carmona-Bayonas, Carmen Beato, Teresa García, María Del Mar Muñoz, Avinash Ramchandani, Ismael Ghanem, Alejandra Rodríguez-Capote, Carlos Jara, Caterina Calderon
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were (a) to determine the psychometric properties of the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Spiritual Well-Being (FACIT-Sp) scale and (b) to provide that FACIT scores behave one-dimensional to establish the mediating role of spiritual well-being in psychological distress and mental adjustment in a sample of patients with non-metastatic, resected cancer. METHOD: A total of 504 consecutive patients completed the FACIT-Sp, Brief Symptom Inventory, and Mini-Mental Adjustment to Cancer scales...
November 15, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142376/intensive-care-nurses-attitude-on-palliative-and-end-of-life-care
#2
Swagata Tripathy, Pragyan K Routray, Jagdish C Mishra
Background: Intensive Care Unit (ICU) nurses have a vital role in the implementation of end of life (EOL) care. There is limited data on the attitude of ICU nurses toward EOL and palliation. Aim: This study aimed to investigate knowledge, attitude, and beliefs of intensive care nurses in eastern India toward EOL. Materials and Methods: A self-administered questionnaire was distributed to delegates in two regional critical care nurses' training programs...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140543/infant-mortality-in-white-faced-capuchins-the-impact-of-alpha-male-replacements
#3
Lauren F Brasington, Eva C Wikberg, Shoji Kawamura, Linda M Fedigan, Katharine M Jack
Infanticide is common in the context of alpha male replacements (AMR), particularly in groups where alpha males experience high reproductive skew and the infants are unlikely to be related to a new alpha male. We examined the relationship between the rate of infant mortality, infant age, and the occurrence and type of AMR in white-faced capuchin monkeys (Cebus capucinus imitator) of the Santa Rosa population in Sector Santa Rosa, Área de Conservación Guanacaste. Specifically, we investigated how the source of the new alpha male (coresident or extragroup) and relative aggression level during AMRs influenced infant mortality in this species...
November 15, 2017: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136683/why-is-meaning-centered-group-psychotherapy-mcgp-effective-enhanced-sense-of-meaning-as-the-mechanism-of-change-for-advanced-cancer-patients
#4
Barry Rosenfeld, Heining Cham, Hayley Pessin, William Breitbart
OBJECTIVES: Meaning-Centered Group Psychotherapy (MCGP) has been demonstrated to be an effective method for improving advanced cancer patients' quality of life and reducing their depression, hopelessness, and desire for hastened death. To further understand MCGP, this study examined the mechanisms of change in MCGP on these outcomes via advanced cancer patients' changes of sense of meaning and peace in life. METHODS: The sample data were from two randomized control trials that compared MCGP (n = 124) to supportive group psychotherapy (n = 94)...
November 14, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135330/suffering-in-advanced-cancer-a-randomized-control-trial-of-a-narrative-intervention
#5
Meg Wise, Lucille R Marchand, Linda J Roberts, Ming-Yuan Chih
BACKGROUND: Advanced cancer can erode patients' wellbeing. Narrative interventions have improved patients' wellbeing, but might not be feasible for widespread implementation. OBJECTIVES: (1) Test the effects of miLivingStory, a telephone-based life review and illness narrative intervention with online resources and social networking, on community-dwelling advanced cancer patients' wellbeing. (2) Explore intervention use and satisfaction. PATIENTS AND SETTING: Stage III or IV cancer patients having completed initial therapy were randomized to miLivingStory or to an active control group, miOwnResources...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127597/development-of-a-practical-outcome-measure-to-account-for-individual-differences-in-quality-of-life-appraisal-the-brief-appraisal-inventory
#6
Bruce D Rapkin, Iliana Garcia, Wesley Michael, Jie Zhang, Carolyn E Schwartz
BACKGROUND: The present study evaluated the distributional and structural characteristics and explanatory power of the 23-item Brief Appraisal Inventory (BAI), a more practical appraisal measure for use in clinical research and practice. METHODS: A heterogeneous, online cohort of chronic disease patients and caregivers completed the BAI, along with demographics, comorbidities, PROMIS-10, and the Brief NEO Personality Inventory. Principal components, bivariate, and linear and logistic regression analyses addressed BAI item distributions, structure, and construct validity...
November 10, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123352/spiritual-needs-and-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-cancer
#7
Mansooreh Azizzadeh Forouzi, Batool Tirgari, Mohammad Hossein Safarizadeh, Yunes Jahani
Background and Aim: Information about spiritual needs and quality of life (QoL) is limited in Iranian cancer patients. This study was conducted to determine the relationship between spiritual needs and QoL among cancer patients in Iran. Methods: This correlational study included a convenience sample of 150 eligible cancer patients who were hospitalized in the oncology wards and outpatient clinics. Using two questionnaires; the spiritual needs survey and the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer QoL Questionnaire-C30 data were collected...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122312/gestational-exposure-to-volatile-organic-compounds-vocs-in-northeastern-british-columbia-canada-a-pilot-study
#8
Élyse Caron-Beaudoin, Naomi Valter, Jonathan Chevrier, Pierre Ayotte, Katherine Frohlich, Marc-André Verner
BACKGROUND: Northeastern British Columbia (Canada) is an area of intense hydraulic fracturing for unconventional natural gas exploitation. There have been multiple reports of air and water contamination by volatile organic compounds in the vicinity of gas wells. Although these chemicals are known developmental toxicants, no biomonitoring effort has been carried out in the region. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate gestational exposure to benzene and toluene in the Peace River Valley, Northeastern British Columbia (Canada)...
January 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121789/a-descriptive-analysis-of-end-of-life-conversations-with-long-term-glioblastoma-survivors
#9
Stephen P Miranda, Rachelle E Bernacki, Joanna M Paladino, Andrew D Norden, Jane E Kavanagh, Marissa C Palmor, Susan D Block
BACKGROUND: Early, high-quality serious illness (SI) conversations are critical for patients with glioblastoma (GBM) but are often mistimed or mishandled. OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence, timing, and quality of documented SI conversations and evaluate their focus on patient goals/priorities. DESIGN/PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-three patients with GBM enrolled in the control group of a randomized controlled trial of a communication intervention and were followed for 2 years or until death...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119221/preparing-japanese-surgeons-for-potential-mass-casualty-situations-will-require-innovative-and-systematic-programs
#10
H Uchino, V Y Kong, J L Bruce, G V Oosthuizen, W Bekker, G L Laing, D L Clarke
INTRODUCTION: The ongoing state of global geo-political instability means that it is prudent to prepare civilian surgeons to manage major military-type trauma. Japan has enjoyed a prolonged period of peace and consequently it is unlikely that surgeons will have been exposed to a sufficient volume of cases. This study reviews the state of trauma training and preparedness in Japan and reviews the trauma workload of a major Japanese emergency medical center and compared with a major South African trauma center with the intention of quantifying and comparing the time needed to gain adequate exposure to major trauma at the two centers...
November 8, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119083/awareness-of-health-effects-of-exposure-to-secondhand-smoke-from-cigarettes-a-cross-sectional-study-of-never-smoked-adult-primary-care-patients-in-eastern-nigeria
#11
Gabriel Uche Pascal Iloh, Peace Ifeoma Collins
Background: Cigarette smoking whether actively or passively is a growing public health problem. Despite the wealth of information on the hazards of active cigarette smoking, awareness of the health effects of passive smoking on human population is often neglected in Nigeria. Aim: The study was aimed at describing the awareness of health effects of exposure to secondhand smoke from cigarettes among never-smoked adult primary care patients in Eastern Nigeria. Materials and Methods: A hospital-based study carried out on a cross-section of 500 adult patients in a primary care clinic in Nigeria...
October 2017: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115220/frontline-caring-for-soldiers-after-the-peace-deal-in-colombia
#12
Joe Parkin Daniels
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 28, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114020/identification-of-novel-alleles-conferring-superior-production-of-rose-flavor-phenylethyl-acetate-using-polygenic-analysis-in-yeast
#13
Bruna Trindade de Carvalho, Sylvester Holt, Ben Souffriau, Rogelio Lopes Brandão, Maria R Foulquié-Moreno, Johan M Thevelein
Flavor compound metabolism is one of the last areas in metabolism where multiple genes encoding biosynthetic enzymes are still unknown. A major challenge is the involvement of side activities of enzymes having their main function in other areas of metabolism. We have applied pooled-segregant whole-genome sequence analysis to identify novel Saccharomyces cerevisiae genes affecting production of phenylethyl acetate (2-PEAc). This is a desirable flavor compound of major importance in alcoholic beverages imparting rose- and honey-like aromas, with production of high 2-PEAc levels considered a superior trait...
November 7, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113275/e6-e7-proteins-are-potential-markers-for-the-screening-and-diagnosis-of-cervical-pre-cancerous-lesions-and-cervical-cancer-in-a-chinese-population
#14
Wen-Jing Shi, Hao Liu, Dan Wu, Zhen-Hua Tang, Yu-Chen Shen, Lin Guo
The present prospective study aimed to evaluate the effects of E6/E7 protein detection by western blotting on cervical cancer (CC) early screening compared with detection by Hybrid Capture 2 (HC2) test and ThinPrep cytological test (TCT) in a Chinese population. A total of 450 cases of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) suspected samples (positive in ≥1 indicator of TCT and HC2 test) were recruited from women who were treated at the International Peace Maternity and Child Health Hospital (Shanghai, China) from March 2014 to February 2015...
November 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103371/prolonged-incarceration-and-prisoners-wellbeing-livid-experiences-of-awaiting-trial-pre-trial-remand-prisoners-in-nigeria
#15
Charles T Orjiakor, Dorothy I Ugwu, John E Eze, Leonard I Ugwu, Peace N Ibeagha, Desmond U Onu
PURPOSE: Awaiting trial prisoners (ATPs) are represented in prisons globally, and may stay for long periods in detention. This group is however underrepresented in literature on incarcerated persons. We aim to explore the lived experiences of ATPs detained for prolonged years in a sub-Saharan country; examining what they make of their status and how their conditions have affected their wellbeing. METHOD: Eight inmates awaiting trial for armed robbery and murder offences, held for between 8 years and 15 years participated in a focus group discussion...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102084/prevalence-awareness-treatment-and-control-of-hypertension-in-china-data-from-1%C3%A2-7-million-adults-in-a-population-based-screening-study-china-peace-million-persons-project
#16
Jiapeng Lu, Yuan Lu, Xiaochen Wang, Xinyue Li, George C Linderman, Chaoqun Wu, Xiuyuan Cheng, Lin Mu, Haibo Zhang, Jiamin Liu, Meng Su, Hongyu Zhao, Erica S Spatz, John A Spertus, Frederick A Masoudi, Harlan M Krumholz, Lixin Jiang
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is common in China and its prevalence is rising, yet it remains inadequately controlled. Few studies have the capacity to characterise the epidemiology and management of hypertension across many heterogeneous subgroups. We did a study of the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in China and assessed their variations across many subpopulations. METHODS: We made use of data generated in the China Patient-Centered Evaluative Assessment of Cardiac Events (PEACE) Million Persons Project from Sept 15, 2014, to June 20, 2017, a population-based screening project that enrolled around 1·7 million community-dwelling adults aged 35-75 years from all 31 provinces in mainland China...
October 25, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097110/role-of-tumour-necrosis-factor-alpha-converting-enzyme-tace-adam17-and-associated-proteins-in-coronary-artery-disease-and-cardiac-events
#17
REVIEW
Melody Chemaly, Victoria McGilligan, Mark Gibson, Matthias Clauss, Steven Watterson, H Denis Alexander, Anthony John Bjourson, Aaron Peace
Tumour necrosis factor alpha converting enzyme (TACE/ADAM17) is a member of the A disintegrin and metalloproteinase (ADAM) family of ectodomain shedding proteinases. It regulates many inflammatory processes by cleaving several transmembrane proteins, including tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) and its receptors tumour necrosis factor alpha receptor 1 and tumour necrosis factor alpha receptor 2. There is evidence that TACE is involved in several inflammatory diseases, such as ischaemia, heart failure, arthritis, atherosclerosis, diabetes and cancer as well as neurological and immune diseases...
October 30, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095849/multimorbid-outpatients-a-high-frequency-of-fp-appointments-and-or-family-difficulties-should-alert-fps-to-the-possibility-of-death-or-acute-hospitalization-occurring-within-six-months-a-primary-care-feasibility-study
#18
Jean Yves Le Reste, Patrice Nabbe, Alice Billot Grasset, Bernard Le Floch, Pauline Grall, Jeremy Derriennic, Michele Odorico, Sophie Lalande, Delphine le Goff, Marie Barais, Benoit Chiron, Heidrun Lingner, Morgane Guillou, Pierre Barraine
BACKGROUND: The European General Practitioners Research Network (EGPRN) designed and validated a comprehensive definition of multimorbidity using a systematic literature review and qualitative research throughout Europe. This definition was tested as a model to assess death or acute hospitalization in multimorbid outpatients. OBJECTIVE: To assess which criteria in the EGPRN concept of multimorbidity could detect outpatients at risk of death or acute hospitalization in a primary care cohort at a 6-month follow-up and to assess whether a large scale cohort with FPs would be feasible...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094475/a-possibility-for-strengthening-family-life-and-health-family-members-lived-experience-when-a-sick-child-receives-home-care-in-sweden
#19
Charlotte Castor, Kajsa Landgren, Helena Hansson, Inger Kristensson Hallström
Families often prefer home care to hospital care, and home-care services for ill children are increasing worldwide with limited knowledge of families' needs during curative and palliative home care. The aim of this study was to elucidate family members' lived experience when a sick child received home care from county-based primary healthcare services. A descriptive qualitative design was chosen and 12 families including sick children receiving home care and their mothers, fathers and siblings in the south of Sweden were interviewed between December 2015 and January 2017...
November 2, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093689/coping-with-stress-in-deprived-urban-neighborhoods-what-is-the-role-of-green-space-according-to-life-stage
#20
Jenny J Roe, Peter A Aspinall, Catharine Ward Thompson
This study follows previous research showing how green space quantity and contact with nature (via access to gardens/allotments) helps mitigate stress in people living in deprived urban environments (Ward Thompson et al., 2016). However, little is known about how these environments aid stress mitigation nor how stress levels vary in a population experiencing higher than average stress. This study used Latent Class Analysis (LCA) to, first, identify latent health clusters in the same population (n = 406) and, second, to relate health cluster membership to variables of interest, including four hypothetical stress coping scenarios...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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