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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323464/physical-mental-and-financial-impacts-from-drought-in-two-california-counties-2015
#1
Tracy Barreau, David Conway, Karen Haught, Rebecca Jackson, Richard Kreutzer, Andrew Lockman, Sharon Minnick, Rachel Roisman, David Rozell, Svetlana Smorodinsky, Dana Tafoya, Jason A Wilken
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate health impacts of drought during the most severe drought in California's recorded history with a rapid assessment method. METHODS: We conducted Community Assessments for Public Health Emergency Response during October through November 2015 in Tulare County and Mariposa County to evaluate household water access, acute stressors, exacerbations of chronic diseases and behavioral health issues, and financial impacts. We evaluated pairwise associations by logistic regression with pooled data...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318462/the-epidemiology-of-operation-stress-during-continuing-promise-2011-a-humanitarian-response-and-disaster-relief-mission-aboard-a-us-navy-hospital-ship
#2
William T Scouten, Melissa L Mehalick, Elizabeth Yoder, Andrea McCoy, Tracy Brannock, Mark S Riddle
Introduction Operational stress describes individual behavior in response to the occupational demands and tempo of a mission. The stress response of military personnel involved in combat and peace-keeping missions has been well-described. The spectrum of effect on medical professionals and support staff providing humanitarian assistance, however, is less well delineated. Research to date concentrates mainly on shore-based humanitarian missions. Problem The goal of the current study was to document the pattern of operational stress, describe factors responsible for it, and the extent to which these factors impact job performance in military and civilian participants of Continuing Promise 2011 (CP11), a ship-based humanitarian medical mission...
March 20, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301458/the-psychosocial-effects-of-the-li-fraumeni-education-and-early-detection-lead-program-on-individuals-with-li-fraumeni-syndrome
#3
Jessica Ross, Jasmina Bojadzieva, Susan Peterson, Sarah Jane Noblin, Rebecca Yzquierdo, Martha Askins, Louise Strong
PURPOSE: In the past 5 years, new screening protocols have been developed that provide improved cancer screening options for individuals with Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS). Very little has been published on the psychosocial impact of these screening protocols. The goals of this study were to determine how participation in screening impacts individuals psychosocially, to examine the benefits and drawbacks of screening, and to evaluate possible barriers to continued screening. METHODS: We performed a qualitative study consisting of semistructured phone interviews conducted from December 2015 to February 2016 with 20 individuals attending the LFS screening program at MD Anderson Cancer Center...
March 16, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295781/spiritual-well-being-of-italian-advanced-cancer-patients-in-the-home-palliative-care-setting
#4
A A Martoni, S Varani, B Peghetti, D Roganti, E Volpicella, R Pannuti, F Pannuti
This study evaluates the spiritual well-being (SpWB) in very advanced cancer patients assisted by the home palliative care program of ANT Foundation, a no-profit Italian organisation. SpWB was assessed by the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Spiritual Well-Being Scale (FACIT-Sp12), including Meaning, Peace, and Faith subscales. The quality-of-life (QoL) was evaluated by using the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-General scale. Questionnaires were distributed to 1,055 patients and 683 were compiled and evaluable for analysis...
March 14, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292764/adult-and-adolescent-livestock-productive-asset-transfer-programmes-to-improve-mental-health-economic-stability-and-family-and-community-relationships-in-rural-south-kivu-province-democratic-republic-of-congo-a-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Anjalee Kohli, Nancy A Perrin, Mitima Mpanano Remy, Mirindi Bacikenge Alfred, Kajabika Binkurhorhwa Arsene, Mwinja Bufole Nadine, Banyewesize Jean Heri, Mitima Murhula Clovis, Nancy Glass
INTRODUCTION: People living in poverty have limited access to traditional financial institutions. Microfinance programmes are designed to meet this gap and show promise in improving income, economic productivity and health. Our Congolese-US community academic research partnership developed two livestock productive asset transfer programmes, Pigs for Peace (PFP) and Rabbits for Resilience (RFR), to address the interlinked health, social and economic well-being of individuals, their families and communities...
March 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290922/the-peace-gun-and-the-eradication-of-smallpox
#6
Gwen Nelmes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286976/addressing-global-environmental-challenges-from-a-peace-ecology-perspective
#7
Robin Stott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2017: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286406/the-gray-zone-of-police-work-during-mental-health-encounters-findings-from-an-observational-study-in-chicago
#8
Jennifer D Wood, Amy C Watson, Anjali J Fulambarker
Although improving police responses to mental health crises has received significant policy attention, most encounters between police and persons with mental illnesses do not involve major crimes or violence, nor do they rise to the level of requiring emergency apprehension. Here, we report on field observations of police officers handling mental health-related encounters in Chicago. Findings confirm that these encounters often occur in the "gray zone", where the problems at hand do not call for formal or legalistic interventions including arrest and emergency apprehension...
March 2017: Police Q
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281583/peace-of-mind
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 10, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280393/prevalence-and-pattern-of-birth-defects-in-a-tertiary-health-facility-in-the-niger-delta-area-of-nigeria
#10
Mkpe Abbey, Olufemi A Oloyede, Goddy Bassey, Benjamin M Kejeh, Barbara E Otaigbe, Peace I Opara, Austa U Eneh, Chris I Akani
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the prevalence and pattern of congenital abnormalities that are peculiar to the Niger Delta area of Nigeria. METHODS: This is a descriptive retrospective cross-sectional study. It involved data from the labor ward and neonatal birth registers of the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital on the total number of births and the babies that were delivered with major birth defects between August 2011 and December 2014. We also conducted a statistical comparison of the prevalence of congenital abnormalities in the Niger Delta with that in other regions of Nigeria and the developed world of Europe...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278246/rats-do-not-eat-alone-in-public-food-deprived-rats-socialize-rather-than-competing-for-baits
#11
Omri Weiss, Alex Dorfman, Tamar Ram, Pazit Zadicario, David Eilam
Limited resources result in competition among social animals. Nevertheless, social animals also have innate preferences for cooperative behavior. In the present study, 12 dyads of food-deprived rats were tested in four successive trials, and then re-tested as eight triads of food-deprived rats that were unfamiliar to each other. We found that the food-deprived dyads or triads of rats did not compete for the food available to them at regular spatially-marked locations that they had previously learnt. Rather, these rats traveled together to collect the baits...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276978/successfully-controlling-intrusive-memories-is-harder-when-control-must-be-sustained
#12
Kevin van Schie, Michael C Anderson
After unpleasant events, people often experience intrusive memories that undermine their peace of mind. In response, they often suppress these unwanted memories from awareness. Such efforts may fail, however, when inhibitory control demands are high due to the need to sustain control, or when fatigue compromises inhibitory capacity. Here we examined how sustained inhibitory demand affected intrusive memories in the Think/No-Think paradigm. To isolate intrusions, participants reported, trial-by-trial, whether their preceding attempt to suppress retrieval had triggered retrieval of the memory they intended to suppress...
February 21, 2017: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275732/a-three-degree-horizon-of-peace-in-the-military-alliance-network
#13
Weihua Li, Aisha E Bradshaw, Caitlin B Clary, Skyler J Cranmer
States form defensive military alliances to enhance their security in the face of potential or realized interstate conflict. The network of these international alliances is increasingly interconnected, now linking most of the states in a complex web of ties. These alliances can be used both as a tool for securing cooperation and to foster peace between direct partners. However, do indirect connections-such as the ally of an ally or even further out in the alliance network-result in lower probabilities of conflict? We investigate the extent to which military alliances produce peace between states that are not directly allied...
March 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269420/development-of-five-finger-robotic-hand-using-master-slave-control-for-hand-assisted-laparoscopic-surgery
#14
Koki Yoshida, Hiroshi Yamada, Ryu Kato, Tatsuya Seki, Hiroshi Yokoi, Masaya Mukai
This study aims to develop a robotic hand as a substitute for a surgeon's hand in hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery (HALS). We determined the requirements for the proposed hand from a surgeon's motions in HALS. We identified four basic behaviors: "power grasp," "precision grasp," "open hand for exclusion," and "peace sign for extending peritoneum." The proposed hand had the minimum necessary DOFs for performing these behaviors, five fingers as in a human's hand, a palm that can be folded when a surgeon inserts the hand into the abdomen, and an arm for adjusting the hand's position...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266899/the-blue-lotus-flower-nymphea-caerulea-resin-used-in-a-new-type-of-electronic-cigarette-the-re-buildable-dripping-atomizer
#15
Justin L Poklis, Haley A Mulder, Matthew S Halquist, Carl E Wolf, Alphonse Poklis, Michelle R Peace
The blue lotus flower (Nymphea caerulea) is an Egyptian water lily containing apomorphine and nuciferine. Apomorphine has been described as a psychoactive alkaloid and is a non-selective dopamine agonist primarily used to treat Parkinson's disease as it stimulates dopamine receptors and improves motor function. Nuciferine is an alkaloid associated with dopamine receptor blockade. Today, blue lotus flower is used as a sleep aid and anxiety reliever. The rebuildable dripping atomizer (RDA) is an electronic cigarette that allows direct application of an e-liquid onto the coil in the atomizer for aerosolization, compared to a typical electronic cigarette where the e-liquid is wicked from a storage vessel to the coil...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263733/inner-peace-cutaneous-polyarteritis-nodosa
#16
Konstantinos Parperis, Fawad Rast
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252328/the-impact-of-medical-technology-on-sense-of-security-in-the-palliative-home-care-setting
#17
Berit Munck, Anna Sandgren
The increase in the use of medical devices in palliative home care requires that patients and next-of-kin feel secure. Therefore, the aim was to describe medical technology's impact on the sense of security for patients, next-of-kin and district nurses. Deductive content analysis was conducted on data from three previous studies, using the theoretical framework 'palliative home care as a secure base'. The use of medical technology was shown to have an impact on the sense of security for all involved. A sense of control was promoted by trust in staff and their competence in managing the technology, which was linked to continuity...
March 2, 2017: British Journal of Community Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244061/the-capability-approach-a-guiding-framework-to-improve-population-health-and-the-attainment-of-the-sustainable-developmental-goals
#18
Shela Akbar Ali Hirani, Solina Richter
The world is progressing in terms of communication, innovative technology and cure of various diseases through advanced pharmacological preparations. Unfortunately, populations are still struggling with ill-health, disabilities, poverty, hunger, inequality, gender disparities and conflicts. Several questions come to mind in this regard: why are prosperity, health, peace and progress not evenly distributed and what is the best approach to address the issues associated with population health? The capability approach may offer a possible model...
February 21, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243452/elucidation-of-the-honeycrisp-pedigree-through-haplotype-analysis-with-a-multi-family-integrated-snp-linkage-map-and-a-large-apple-malus%C3%A3-domestica-pedigree-connected-snp-data-set
#19
Nicholas P Howard, Eric van de Weg, David S Bedford, Cameron P Peace, Stijn Vanderzande, Matthew D Clark, Soon Li Teh, Lichun Cai, James J Luby
The apple (Malus×domestica) cultivar Honeycrisp has become important economically and as a breeding parent. An earlier study with SSR markers indicated the original recorded pedigree of 'Honeycrisp' was incorrect and 'Keepsake' was identified as one putative parent, the other being unknown. The objective of this study was to verify 'Keepsake' as a parent and identify and genetically describe the unknown parent and its grandparents. A multi-family based dense and high-quality integrated SNP map was created using the apple 8 K Illumina Infinium SNP array...
2017: Horticulture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242700/strategic-aspects-of-cyberattack-attribution-and-blame
#20
Benjamin Edwards, Alexander Furnas, Stephanie Forrest, Robert Axelrod
Cyber conflict is now a common and potentially dangerous occurrence. The target typically faces a strategic choice based on its ability to attribute the attack to a specific perpetrator and whether it has a viable punishment at its disposal. We present a game-theoretic model, in which the best strategic choice for the victim depends on the vulnerability of the attacker, the knowledge level of the victim, payoffs for different outcomes, and the beliefs of each player about their opponent. The resulting blame game allows analysis of four policy-relevant questions: the conditions under which peace (i...
February 27, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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