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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790976/cancer-dissemination-hydrocephalus-and-survival-after-cerebral-ventricular-entry-during-high-grade-glioma-surgery-a-meta-analysis
#1
Akshitkumar M Mistry, Patrick D Kelly, Reid C Thompson, Lola B Chambless
BACKGROUND: The consequences of ventricular entry during resection of high-grade gliomas (HGG) are uncertain and often not detectable clinically. OBJECTIVE: To reveal odds of tumor dissemination, hydrocephalus, and mortality in adult patients who had ventricular entry during surgical resection of HGG. METHODS: Titles and abstracts of published journals in the NCBI/NLM PubMed and OVID EMBASE databases were searched without language restriction and systematically screened...
May 22, 2018: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773857/development-and-worldwide-use-of-non-lethal-and-minimal-population-level-impact-protocols-for-the-isolation-of-amphibian-chytrid-fungi
#2
Matthew C Fisher, Pria Ghosh, Jennifer M G Shelton, Kieran Bates, Lola Brookes, Claudia Wierzbicki, Gonçalo M Rosa, Rhys A Farrer, David M Aanensen, Mario Alvarado-Rybak, Arnaud Bataille, Lee Berger, Susanne Böll, Jaime Bosch, Frances C Clare, Elodie A Courtois, Angelica Crottini, Andrew A Cunningham, Thomas M Doherty-Bone, Fikirte Gebresenbet, David J Gower, Jacob Höglund, Timothy Y James, Thomas S Jenkinson, Tiffany A Kosch, Carolina Lambertini, Anssi Laurila, Chun-Fu Lin, Adeline Loyau, An Martel, Sara Meurling, Claude Miaud, Pete Minting, Serge Ndriantsoa, Simon J O'Hanlon, Frank Pasmans, Tsanta Rakotonanahary, Falitiana C E Rabemananjara, Luisa P Ribeiro, Dirk S Schmeller, Benedikt R Schmidt, Lee Skerratt, Freya Smith, Claudio Soto-Azat, Giulia Tessa, Luís Felipe Toledo, Andrés Valenzuela-Sánchez, Ruhan Verster, Judit Vörös, Bruce Waldman, Rebecca J Webb, Che Weldon, Emma Wombwell, Kelly R Zamudio, Joyce E Longcore, Trenton W J Garner
Parasitic chytrid fungi have emerged as a significant threat to amphibian species worldwide, necessitating the development of techniques to isolate these pathogens into culture for research purposes. However, early methods of isolating chytrids from their hosts relied on killing amphibians. We modified a pre-existing protocol for isolating chytrids from infected animals to use toe clips and biopsies from toe webbing rather than euthanizing hosts, and distributed the protocol to researchers as part of the BiodivERsA project RACE; here called the RML protocol...
May 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762776/commentary-neurological-surgery-at-vanderbilt-university-1873-to-present
#3
Patrick D Kelly, Scott L Zuckerman, Lola B Chambless, Timothy P Schoettle, John C Wellons, Reid C Thompson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 12, 2018: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761620/polyserositis-a-diagnostic-challenge
#4
Inés Losada, Juan González Moreno, Nuria Roda, Lola Ventayol, Yolanda Borjas, Francisco Javier Domínguez, Victoria Fernández Vaca, Mercedes García Gasalla, Antoni Payeras
Polyserositis (PS) is the inflammation, with effusion, of different serous membranes. It has been associated with different aetiologiesbut the aetiology of PS remains unknown in a high percentage of patients. The general objective of this retrospective study was to analyse the aetiology of PS cases seen at Son Llàtzer Hospital in an eleven-year period. Other objectives were to determine epidemiological, clinical, and analytical characteristics of these patients. Ninety-two patients were included in the study...
May 14, 2018: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748278/recent-asian-origin-of-chytrid-fungi-causing-global-amphibian-declines
#5
Simon J O'Hanlon, Adrien Rieux, Rhys A Farrer, Gonçalo M Rosa, Bruce Waldman, Arnaud Bataille, Tiffany A Kosch, Kris A Murray, Balázs Brankovics, Matteo Fumagalli, Michael D Martin, Nathan Wales, Mario Alvarado-Rybak, Kieran A Bates, Lee Berger, Susanne Böll, Lola Brookes, Frances Clare, Elodie A Courtois, Andrew A Cunningham, Thomas M Doherty-Bone, Pria Ghosh, David J Gower, William E Hintz, Jacob Höglund, Thomas S Jenkinson, Chun-Fu Lin, Anssi Laurila, Adeline Loyau, An Martel, Sara Meurling, Claude Miaud, Pete Minting, Frank Pasmans, Dirk S Schmeller, Benedikt R Schmidt, Jennifer M G Shelton, Lee F Skerratt, Freya Smith, Claudio Soto-Azat, Matteo Spagnoletti, Giulia Tessa, Luís Felipe Toledo, Andrés Valenzuela-Sánchez, Ruhan Verster, Judit Vörös, Rebecca J Webb, Claudia Wierzbicki, Emma Wombwell, Kelly R Zamudio, David M Aanensen, Timothy Y James, M Thomas P Gilbert, Ché Weldon, Jaime Bosch, François Balloux, Trenton W J Garner, Matthew C Fisher
Globalized infectious diseases are causing species declines worldwide, but their source often remains elusive. We used whole-genome sequencing to solve the spatiotemporal origins of the most devastating panzootic to date, caused by the fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis , a proximate driver of global amphibian declines. We traced the source of B. dendrobatidis to the Korean peninsula, where one lineage, Bd ASIA-1, exhibits the genetic hallmarks of an ancestral population that seeded the panzootic. We date the emergence of this pathogen to the early 20th century, coinciding with the global expansion of commercial trade in amphibians, and we show that intercontinental transmission is ongoing...
May 11, 2018: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737272/zika-virus-prevention-u-s-travelers-knowledge-risk-perceptions-and-behavioral-intentions-a-national-survey
#6
Linda Squiers, James Herrington, Bridget Kelly, Carla Bann, Sylvia Becker-Dreps, Lola Stamm, Mihaela Johnson, Lauren McCormack
Limited data exist about U.S. travelers' knowledge, risk perceptions, and behaviors related to the Zika virus (ZIKV). Using an internet research panel, in March 2017, we surveyed 1,202 Americans in the continental United States and Puerto Rico who planned to travel to a Zika-affected country, state, or U.S. territory in 2017. We compared levels of knowledge and perceived risk of ZIKV, and intentions to practice ZIKV prevention behaviors across respondents from three regions: Puerto Rico, at-risk states, and other states...
May 7, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732402/the-local-microenvironment-limits-the-regenerative-potential-of-the-mouse-neonatal-heart
#7
Mario Notari, Antoni Ventura-Rubio, Sylvia J Bedford-Guaus, Ignasi Jorba, Lola Mulero, Daniel Navajas, Mercè Martí, Ángel Raya
Neonatal mice have been shown to regenerate their hearts during a transient window of time of approximately 1 week after birth. However, experimental evidence for this phenomenon is not undisputed, because several laboratories have been unable to detect neonatal heart regeneration. We first confirmed that 1-day-old neonatal mice are indeed able to mount a robust regenerative response after heart amputation. We then found that this regenerative ability sharply declines within 48 hours, with hearts of 2-day-old mice responding to amputation with fibrosis, rather than regeneration...
May 2018: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731756/towards-deciphering-the-hidden-mechanisms-that-contribute-to-the-antigenic-activation-process-of-human-v%C3%AE-9v%C3%AE-2-t-cells
#8
REVIEW
Lola Boutin, Emmanuel Scotet
Vγ9Vδ2 T cells represent a major unconventional γδ T cell subset located in the peripheral blood of adults in humans and several non-human primates. Lymphocytes that constitute this transitional subset can sense subtle level changes of intracellular phosphorylated intermediates of the isoprenoid biosynthesis pathway (phosphoantigens, pAg), such as isopentenyl pyrophosphate, during cell stress events. This unique antigenic activation process operates in a rigorous framework that requires the expression of butyrophilin 3A1 (BTN3A1/CD277) molecules, which are type I glycoproteins that belong to the B7 family...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727385/secondary-prophylaxis-of-hepatic-encephalopathy-in-cirrhosis-of-liver-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial-of-l-ornithine-l-aspartate-versus-placebo
#9
Shivakumar Varakanahalli, Barjesh C Sharma, Siddharth Srivastava, Sanjeev Sachdeva, Amol S Dahale
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is associated with a poor prognosis. There is no study on the prevention of recurrence of encephalopathy with L-ornithine L-aspartate (LOLA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a double-blind randomized controlled trial at a tertiary center. Consecutive patients with cirrhosis who had recovered from HE were randomized to receive LOLA (6 g thrice daily) or similar amount of placebo by computer-based randomization for 6 months...
April 30, 2018: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726803/cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-stroke-self-efficacy-questionnaire-denmark-sseq-dk
#10
Lola Qvist Kristensen, Hanne Pallesen
Objective The objective of the present study was to translate and cross-culturally adapt the Stroke Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (SSEQ) from English to Danish in order to create a Danish version of the measure, SSEQ-DK, and to assess psychometric properties in the form of internal consistency and face validity. Methods The adaptation process followed standard guidelines, in five stages: (I) initial translation, (II) synthesis, (III) back translation, (IV) expert committee, and (V) pretest involving 30 stroke survivors...
May 4, 2018: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701583/3-social-determinants-strategies
#11
Lola Butcher
A look at three different approaches that seek to address social needs in a strategic and somewhat comprehensive way. At this point, all of them are experiments, and no one knows which will prove to be sustainable, replicable, or even beneficial to the patients and communities they seek to serve.
April 2018: Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701582/social-determinants-of-health-stretching-health-care-s-job-description
#12
Lola Butcher
Providers and payers are being asked to tackle the 'upstream' causes of poor health. Medicaid managed care organizations are being asked to screen enrollees for social needs. Some targeted efforts have translated into cost savings and make sense in value-based arrangements. But are we asking the health sector to take on too much?
April 2018: Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693557/continuous-glucose-monitoring-in-resource-constrained-settings-for-hypoglycaemia-detection-looking-at-the-problem-from-the-other-side-of-the-coin
#13
Rubao Bila, Rosauro Varo, Lola Madrid, Antonio Sitoe, Quique Bassat
The appearance, over a decade ago, of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) devices has triggered a patient-centred revolution in the control and management of diabetes mellitus and other metabolic conditions, improving the patient’s glycaemic control and quality of life. Such devices, the use of which remains typically restricted to high-income countries on account of their elevated costs, at present show very limited implantation in resource-constrained settings, where many other urgent health priorities beyond diabetes prevention and management still need to be resolved...
April 25, 2018: Biosensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692314/united-states-travelers-concern-about-zika-infection-and-willingness-to-receive-a-hypothetical-zika-vaccine
#14
Nadja A Vielot, Lola Stamm, James Herrington, Linda Squiers, Bridget Kelly, Lauren McCormack, Sylvia Becker-Dreps
The ongoing Zika pandemic has affected many countries that are common travel destinations. We assessed the willingness to receive a prophylactic Zika virus (ZIKV) vaccine, currently under development, among travelers to areas with reported autochthonous ZIKV transmission. We surveyed United States (U.S.) residents aged 18-44 years who had ever heard of ZIKV and planned to travel to Florida and/or Texas ( N = 420) or a U.S. territory or foreign country ( N = 415) in 2017, using a nationally representative internet panel...
April 23, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689629/modeling-quantum-kinetics-in-ion-traps-state-changing-collisions-for-oh-3sigma-ions-with-he-as-a-buffer-gas
#15
Francesco Gianturco, Lola Gonzalez Sanchez, Roland Wester
We present quantum calculations for rotational state-changing cross sections and rates, up to 50 K of ion translational temperatures,for the title molecular ion in the presence of He as a buffer gas in the trap. The results are obtained both by using the correct spin-rotation coupling and within a recoupling scheme that treats the molecular target as a pseudo-(1Sigma+) state, and then compared with similar data for the OH+(1Sigma+) molecular partner under the same conditions, to link the cation behaviour to that found earlier for the molecular anion...
April 24, 2018: Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670041/comparative-evaluation-of-arabin-pessary-and-cervical-cerclage-for-the-prevention-of-preterm-labor-in-asymptomatic-women-with-high-risk-factors
#16
Panagiotis Tsikouras, George Anastasopoulos, Vasileios Maroulis, Anastasia Bothou, Anna Chalkidou, Dorelia Deuteraiou, Xanthoula Anthoulaki, Georgios Tsatsaris, Arzou Halil Bourazan, George Iatrakis, Stefanos Zervoudis, Georgios Galazios, Lola-Katerina Inagamova, Roland Csorba, Alexander-Tobias Teichmann
OBJECTIVE: Preterm labor is one of the most significant obstetric problems associated with high rate of actual and long-term perinatal complications. Despite the creation of scoring systems, uterine activity monitoring, cervical ultrasound and several biochemical markers, the prediction and prevention of preterm labor is still a matter of concern. The aim of this study was to examine cervical findings for the prediction and the comparative use of Arabin pessary or cerclage for the prevention of preterm birth in asymptomatic women with high risk factors for preterm labor...
April 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29645353/discovering-genes-responsible-for-silk-synthesis-in-bombyx-mori-by-piggybac-based-random-insertional-mutagenesis
#17
Xing-Bao Feng, Zi-Wen Zheng, Xian Zhang, Jun Gu, Qi-Li Feng, Li-Hua Huang
Silkworm mutants are valuable resources for both transgenic breeding and gene discovery. PiggyBac-based random insertional mutagenesis has been widely used in gene functional studies. In order to discover genes involved in silk synthesis, a piggyBac-based random insertional library was constructed using Bombyx mori, and the mutants with abnormal cocoon were particularly screened. By this mean, a "thin cocoon" mutant was identified. This mutant revealed thinner cocoon shell and shorter posterior silk gland (PSG) comparing with the wild type...
April 12, 2018: Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621109/distinguishing-the-clinical-nurse-specialist-from-other-graduate-nursing-roles
#18
Lynn D Mohr, Lola A Coke
PURPOSE: Today's healthcare environment poses diverse and complex patient care challenges and requires a highly qualified and experienced nursing workforce. To mitigate these challenges are graduate nursing roles, each with a different set of competencies and expertise. With the availability of many different graduate nursing roles, both patients and healthcare professionals can be confused in understanding the benefit of each role. To gain the maximum benefit from each role, it is important that healthcare providers and administrators are able to distinguish the uniqueness of each role to best use the role and develop strategies for effective collaboration and interprofessional interaction...
May 2018: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620728/improving-outcomes-in-congenital-cataract
#19
Ameenat Lola Solebo, Christopher J Hammond, Jugnoo S Rahi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 4, 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611143/biospecimen-education-among-pacific-islanders-in-southern-california
#20
Nasya S Tan, Harold Custodio, Mandy LaBreche, Cleo Carlos Fex, Vanessa Tui'one May, Jane Ka'ala Pang, Victor Kaiwi Pang, Lola Sablan-Santos, Tupou Toilolo, Alisi Tulua, Dorothy Schmidt Vaivao, Melanie Sabado-Liwag, James Russell Pike, Bin Xie, Patchareeya P Kwan, Paula Healani Palmer, Sora Park Tanjasiri
Despite increasing rates of cancer, biospecimen donations for cancer research remains low among Pacific Islanders (PIs). To address this disparity, researchers partnered with PI community organizations to develop and test a theory-based culturally tailored educational intervention designed to raise awareness about the issues surrounding biospecimen research. A total of 219 self-identified PI adults in Southern California were recruited to participate in a one-group pre-post design study. Participants completed questionnaires that assessed their knowledge and attitude regarding biospecimen research before and after viewing an educational video and receiving print materials...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
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