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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142090/virtual-reality-training-for-upper-extremity-in-subacute-stroke-virtues-a-multicenter-rct
#1
Iris Brunner, Jan Sture Skouen, Håkon Hofstad, Jörg Aßmus, Frank Becker, Anne-Marthe Sanders, Hanne Pallesen, Lola Qvist Kristensen, Marc Michielsen, Liselot Thijs, Geert Verheyden
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of upper extremity virtual reality rehabilitation training (VR) to time-matched conventional training (CT) in the subacute phase after stroke. METHODS: In this randomized, controlled, single-blind phase III multicenter trial, 120 participants with upper extremity motor impairment within 12 weeks after stroke were consecutively included at 5 rehabilitation institutions. Participants were randomized to either VR or CT as an adjunct to standard rehabilitation and stratified according to mild to moderate or severe hand paresis, defined as ≥20 degrees wrist and 10 degrees finger extension or less, respectively...
November 15, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137355/a-pilot-study-evaluating-concordance-between-blood-based-and-patient-matched-tumor-molecular-testing-within-pancreatic-cancer-patients-participating-in-the-know-your-tumor-kyt-initiative
#2
Michael J Pishvaian, R Joseph Bender, Lynn M Matrisian, Lola Rahib, Andrew Hendifar, William A Hoos, Sam Mikhail, Vincent Chung, Vincent Picozzi, Craig Heartwell, Kimberly Mason, Katelyn Varieur, Metasebia Aberra, Subha Madhavan, Emanuel Petricoin, Jonathan R Brody
Recent improvements in next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology have enabled detection of biomarkers in cell-free DNA in blood and may ultimately replace invasive tissue biopsies. However, a better understanding of the performance of blood-based NGS assays is needed prior to routine clinical use. As part of an IRB-approved molecular profiling registry trial of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) patients, we facilitated blood-based NGS testing of 34 patients from multiple community-based and high-volume academic oncology practices...
October 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118521/a-proposal-of-an-effective-platelet-rich-plasma-protocol-for-the-treatment-of-androgenetic-alopecia
#3
Juan Ferrando, Sandra Cecilia García-García, Ana Cecilia González-de-Cossío, Lola Bou, Esperanza Navarra
Background: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has emerged as a promising treatment for androgenetic alopecia (AGA). In spite of the several studies previously reported, to date, a standardized protocol for PRP preparation and application, as well as a standard method for evaluating results has not been established. Aims: The aim of this study is to propose a standardized method for preparation and application of PRP for male AGA (MAGA) and female AGA (FAGA) and assess its safety and efficacy as a co-adjuvant therapy...
October 2017: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117332/estimates-of-the-burden-of-group-b-streptococcal-disease-worldwide-for-pregnant-women-stillbirths-and-children
#4
Anna C Seale, Fiorella Bianchi-Jassir, Neal J Russell, Maya Kohli-Lynch, Cally J Tann, Jenny Hall, Lola Madrid, Hannah Blencowe, Simon Cousens, Carol J Baker, Linda Bartlett, Clare Cutland, Michael G Gravett, Paul T Heath, Margaret Ip, Kirsty Le Doare, Shabir A Madhi, Craig E Rubens, Samir K Saha, Stephanie J Schrag, Ajoke Sobanjo-Ter Meulen, Johan Vekemans, Joy E Lawn
Background: We aimed to provide the first comprehensive estimates of the burden of group B Streptococcus (GBS), including invasive disease in pregnant and postpartum women, fetal infection/stillbirth, and infants. Intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis is the current mainstay of prevention, reducing early-onset infant disease in high-income contexts. Maternal GBS vaccines are in development. Methods: For 2015 live births, we used a compartmental model to estimate (1) exposure to maternal GBS colonization, (2) cases of infant invasive GBS disease, (3) deaths, and (4) disabilities...
November 6, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117326/infant-group-b-streptococcal-disease-incidence-and-serotypes-worldwide-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses
#5
Lola Madrid, Anna C Seale, Maya Kohli-Lynch, Karen M Edmond, Joy E Lawn, Paul T Heath, Shabir A Madhi, Carol J Baker, Linda Bartlett, Clare Cutland, Michael G Gravett, Margaret Ip, Kirsty Le Doare, Craig E Rubens, Samir K Saha, Ajoke Sobanjo-Ter Meulen, Johan Vekemans, Stephanie Schrag
Background: Group B Streptococcus (GBS) remains a leading cause of neonatal sepsis in high-income contexts, despite declines due to intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis (IAP). Recent evidence suggests higher incidence in Africa, where IAP is rare. We investigated the global incidence of infant invasive GBS disease and the associated serotypes, updating previous estimates. Methods: We conducted systematic literature reviews (PubMed/Medline, Embase, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature [LILACS], World Health Organization Library Information System [WHOLIS], and Scopus) and sought unpublished data regarding invasive GBS disease in infants aged 0-89 days...
November 6, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117323/group-b-streptococcal-disease-worldwide-for-pregnant-women-stillbirths-and-children-why-what-and-how-to-undertake-estimates
#6
Joy E Lawn, Fiorella Bianchi-Jassir, Neal J Russell, Maya Kohli-Lynch, Cally J Tann, Jennifer Hall, Lola Madrid, Carol J Baker, Linda Bartlett, Clare Cutland, Michael G Gravett, Paul T Heath, Margaret Ip, Kirsty Le Doare, Shabir A Madhi, Craig E Rubens, Samir K Saha, Stephanie Schrag, Ajoke Sobanjo-Ter Meulen, Johan Vekemans, Anna C Seale
Improving maternal, newborn, and child health is central to Sustainable Development Goal targets for 2030, requiring acceleration especially to prevent 5.6 million deaths around the time of birth. Infections contribute to this burden, but etiological data are limited. Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is an important perinatal pathogen, although previously focus has been primarily on liveborn children, especially early-onset disease. In this first of an 11-article supplement, we discuss the following: (1) Why estimate the worldwide burden of GBS disease? (2) What outcomes of GBS in pregnancy should be included? (3) What data and epidemiological parameters are required? (4) What methods and models can be used to transparently estimate this burden of GBS? (5) What are the challenges with available data? and (6) How can estimates address data gaps to better inform GBS interventions including maternal immunization? We review all available GBS data worldwide, including maternal GBS colonization, risk of neonatal disease (with/without intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis), maternal GBS disease, neonatal/infant GBS disease, and subsequent impairment, plus GBS-associated stillbirth, preterm birth, and neonatal encephalopathy...
November 6, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113787/nox4-genetic-inhibition-in-experimental-hypertension-and-metabolic-syndrome
#7
Ghina Bouabout, Estelle Ayme-Dietrich, Hugues Jacob, Marie-France Champy, Marie-Christine Birling, Guillaume Pavlovic, Lola Madeira, Lahcen El Fertak, Benoit Petit-Demoulière, Tania Sorg, Yann Herault, John Mudgett, Laurent Monassier
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome is a combination of symptoms including obesity, dyslipidaemia, glucose intolerance and hypertension. Oxidative stress appears to be a pathophysiological factor that links these signs and encourages progression towards heart failure and diabetes. Nox4 is a hydrogen peroxide nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase isoform - found in various cardiovascular cells and tissues, but also in tissues such as the liver - which is involved in glucose and lipid homeostasis...
November 4, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112537/infusion-pump-interoperability-high-reliability-and-safety-concerns-lead-to-unintended-consequences
#8
Lola Rust, Mary Beth Mitchell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077583/phenotypic-characterization-of-corneal-endothelial-dystrophy-in-german-shorthaired-and-wirehaired-pointers-using-in-vivo-advanced-corneal-imaging-and-histopathology
#9
Olivia R Shull, Christopher M Reilly, Lola B Davis, Christopher J Murphy, Sara M Thomasy
PURPOSE: To evaluate corneal morphology using ultrasonic pachymetry (USP), Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT), and in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM) in 2 related canine breeds-German shorthaired pointers (GSHPs) and German wirehaired pointers (GWHPs)-with and without corneal endothelial dystrophy (CED). This condition is characterized by premature endothelial cell degeneration leading to concomitant corneal edema and is similar to Fuchs endothelial corneal dystrophy...
October 25, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068293/jailbreak-how-to-ease-the-life-sentence-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#10
Lola Butcher
Cutting-edge programs are sparing young people from many of the most dire IBD complications, which often occur when they are in school or starting careers and families. Most Crohn's patients are diagnosed in their teens and 20s; ulcerative colitis is typically diagnosed when a patient is between 30 and 40 years old.
October 2017: Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061746/a-new-water-dispersible-paediatric-formulation-of-dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine-for-the-treatment-of-uncomplicated-plasmodium-falciparum-malaria-in-african-infants-efficacy-and-tolerability-outcomes-of-a-phase-ii-randomized-open-label-multicenter-study
#11
Nicola Gargano, Lola Madrid, Giovanni Valentini, Umberto D'Alessandro, Tinto Halidou, Sodiomon Sirima, Antoinette Tshefu, Ali Mtoro, Samwel Gesase, Quique Bassat
Artemisinin combination therapies are considered the mainstay of malaria treatment, but paediatric friendly formulations for the treatments of infants are scarce. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a new dispersible tablet formulation of dihydroartemisinin/piperaquine phosphate (DHA/PQP) in comparison to the marketed tablet (Eurartesim®) in the treatment of infants with uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria.Reported here are the results of a large phase II, randomized, open label, multicenter trial conducted in African infants (6-12 months of age) from Mozambique, Burkina Faso, The Gambia, DR-Congo and Tanzania...
October 23, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056673/feline-immunodeficiency-virus-neuropathogenesis-a-model-for-hiv-induced-cns-inflammation-and-neurodegeneration
#12
REVIEW
Rick B Meeker, Lola Hudson
Feline Immunodeficiency virus (FIV), similar to its human analog human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), enters the central nervous system (CNS) soon after infection and establishes a protected viral reservoir. The ensuing inflammation and damage give rise to varying degrees of cognitive decline collectively known as HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND). Because of the similarities to HIV infection and disease, FIV has provided a useful model for both in vitro and in vivo studies of CNS infection, inflammation and pathology...
March 6, 2017: Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056618/development-of-an-online-smoking-cessation-curriculum-for-pacific-islanders-a-community-based-participatory-research-approach
#13
Patchareeya Kwan, Melanie Sabado-Liwag, Cevadne Lee, Jonathan Lepule, Victor Pang, James Pike, Lola Santos, Sora Tanjasiri, Tupou Toilolo, Vanessa Tui One May, Dorothy Schmidt-Vaivao, Paula Palmer
BACKGROUND: Pacific Islanders (PIs) have one of the highest rates of cigarette use, but evidence-based smoking cessation programs designed specifically for PIs are practically nonexistent. OBJECTIVES: This paper reports on the development of a culturally tailored smoking cessation curriculum designed specifically for young adult PIs using a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach. This paper demonstrates the shared leadership and equal contribution of community and academic partnerships...
2017: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046578/a-sex-linked-supergene-controls-sperm-morphology-and-swimming-speed-in-a-songbird
#14
Kang-Wook Kim, Clair Bennison, Nicola Hemmings, Lola Brookes, Laura L Hurley, Simon C Griffith, Terry Burke, Tim R Birkhead, Jon Slate
Sperm competition is an important selective force in many organisms. As a result, sperm have evolved to be among the most diverse cells in the animal kingdom. However, the relationship between sperm morphology, sperm motility and fertilization success is only partially understood. The extent to which between-male variation is heritable is largely unknown, and remarkably few studies have investigated the genetic architecture of sperm traits, especially sperm morphology. Here we use high-density genotyping and gene expression profiling to explore the considerable sperm trait variation that exists in the zebra finch Taeniopygia guttata...
August 2017: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028826/identification-of-cis-regulatory-sequences-reveals-potential-participation-of-lola-and-deaf1-transcription-factors-in-anopheles-gambiae-innate-immune-response
#15
Bernardo Pérez-Zamorano, Sandra Rosas-Madrigal, Oscar Arturo Migueles Lozano, Manuel Castillo Méndez, Verónica Valverde-Garduño
The innate immune response of Anopheles gambiae involves the transcriptional upregulation of effector genes. Therefore, the cis-regulatory sequences and their cognate binding factors play essential roles in the mosquito's immune response. However, the genetic control of the mosquito's innate immune response is not yet fully understood. To gain further insight on the elements, the factors and the potential mechanisms involved, an open chromatin profiling was carried out on A. gambiae-derived immune-responsive cells...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017605/collaborative-shared-care-to-improve-psychosis-outcome-cosimpo-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Oye Gureje, Victor Makanjuola, Lola Kola, Bidemi Yusuf, Leshawndra Price, Oluyomi Esan, Bibilola D Oladeji, John Appiah-Poku, Benjamin Haris, Caleb Othieno, Soraya Seedat
BACKGROUND: Psychotic disorders are a group of severe mental disorders that cause considerable disability to sufferers and a high level of burden to families. In many low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), traditional and faith healers are the main providers of care to affected persons. Even though frequently canvassed as desirable for improved care delivery, collaboration between these complementary alternative health providers (CAPs) and conventional health providers has yet to be rigorously tested for feasibility and effectiveness on patient outcomes...
October 10, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016295/ignoring-the-itch-the-global-health-problem-of-scabies
#17
Lola V Stamm, Lindsay C Strowd
Infestation with Sarcoptes scabiei var. hominis is a common human parasitic affliction endemic in tropical developing countries. Scabies is transmitted by close person-person contact, and outbreaks have been reported in reception centers for asylum seekers. Scabies presents clinically as extremely pruritic excoriated papules and linear burrows in the skin. This infestation predisposes to bacterial skin infections that can result in serious complications affecting the kidneys and possibly the heart. Treatment of individuals with scabies and their close contacts involves the use of antiparasitic agents...
October 2, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994035/survivorchess-to-increase-physical-activity-in-colon-cancer-survivors-can-we-get-them-moving
#18
Deborah K Mayer, Gina Landucci, Lola Awoyinka, Amy K Atwood, Cindy L Carmack, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried, Fiona McTavish, David H Gustafson
PURPOSE: This randomized controlled trial evaluated the impact of SurvivorCHESS, an eHealth intervention, on physical activity in colon cancer survivors and to explore the impact of SurvivorCHESS on quality of life and distress. METHODS: This was a two-arm single-blinded multi-site randomized controlled trial comparing a control group to an intervention group receiving a smartphone with the SurvivorCHESS program. RESULTS: Participants using SurvivorCHESS (n = 144) increased their moderate to vigorous physical activities from 19...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991868/type-2-diabetes-in-the-older-adult-the-need-for-assessment-of-frailty
#19
Lola A Coke, Cheryl R Dennison Himmelfarb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980702/detection-of-generalized-tonic-clonic-seizures-using-surface-electromyographic-monitoring
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
Jonathan J Halford, Michael R Sperling, Dileep R Nair, Dennis J Dlugos, William O Tatum, Jay Harvey, Jacqueline A French, John R Pollard, Edward Faught, Katherine H Noe, Thomas R Henry, Gina M Jetter, Octavian V Lie, Lola C Morgan, Michael R Girouard, Damon P Cardenas, Luke E Whitmire, Jose E Cavazos
OBJECTIVE: A prospective multicenter phase III trial was undertaken to evaluate the performance and tolerability in the epilepsy monitoring unit (EMU) of an investigational wearable surface electromyographic (sEMG) monitoring system for the detection of generalized tonic-clonic seizures (GTCSs). METHODS: One hundred ninety-nine patients with a history of GTCSs who were admitted to the EMU in 11 level IV epilepsy centers for clinically indicated video-electroencephalographic monitoring also received sEMG monitoring with a wearable device that was worn on the arm over the biceps muscle...
November 2017: Epilepsia
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