keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Knee injuries

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786041/fixation-versus-excision-of-osteochondral-fractures-after-patellar-dislocations-in-adolescent-patients-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#1
Hui Kang, Jian Li, Xu-Xu Chen, Tao Wang, Shi-Chang Liu, Hong-Chuan Li
Background: Patellar dislocation is one of the most common knee injuries in the adolescent population. It is often combined with osteochondral fracture. The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes between fixation and excision of osteochondral fractures not involving the bearing surface in adolescent patients with patellar dislocations. Methods: Patients who underwent surgery for osteochondral fracture following patellar dislocation in our institution from 2007 to 2014 were retrospectively evaluated...
June 5, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782440/management-for-simultaneous-patella-tendon-and-anterior-cruciate-ligament-ruptures-a-systematic-review-of-available-literature
#2
Alexander Handel Matthews, Ethan James Fraser, Benjamin Parkinson
BACKGROUND: Combined rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and patella tendon (PT) is a rare injury pattern. Currently little evidence exists to help guide management decisions for these patients. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted using PubMed (MEDLINE) and Scopus (EMBASE, MEDLINE) for all articles reporting on combined rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and patella tendon (PT). The characteristic injury mechanisms, common presentation findings and outcomes of simultaneous and staged treatment strategies were determined to provide guidance for the management of this uncommon injury pattern...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782183/effect-of-cabbage-wraps-on-the-reduction-of-post-traumatic-knee-exudates-in-men
#3
Jacek Dygut, Monika Piwowar, Kinga Fijałkowska, Ibeth Guevara, Robert Jakubas, Gustaw Gonzales, Krzysztof Popławski, Anna Strokowska, Hanna Wikariak, Wiktor Jurkowski
OBJECTIVES: The study investigates measurable effects of cabbage leaf wraps on post-traumatic knee injury exudate absorption in men. DESIGN: Case-control experiment on the same group of patients (before and after treatment). SETTINGS/LOCATION: One academic center and two hospitals. SUBJECTS: The study was carried out on a group of patients with different degrees of injury severity in the acute stage of the knee injury who were divided into three groups based on the width of suprapatellar recess gap (3-5 mm in group 1, 6-10 mm in group 2, and 11 mm or more in group 3) as assessed by ultrasonography...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781992/muscle-imbalances-testing-and-training-functional-eccentric-hamstring-strength-in-athletic-populations
#4
Petr Stastny, Michal Lehnert, James J Tufano
Many hamstring injuries that occur during physical activity occur while the muscles are lengthening, during eccentric hamstring muscle actions. Opposite of these eccentric hamstring actions are concentric quadriceps actions, where the larger and likely stronger quadriceps straighten the knee. Therefore, to stabilize the lower limbs during movement, the hamstrings must eccentrically combat against the strong knee-straightening torque of the quadriceps. As such, eccentric hamstring strength expressed relative to concentric quadricep strength is commonly referred to as the "functional ratio" as most movements in sports require simultaneous concentric knee extension and eccentric knee flexion...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781550/walking-gait-asymmetries-six-months-following-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-predict-twelve-month-patient-reported-outcomes
#5
Brian Pietrosimone, J Troy Blackburn, Darin A Padua, Steven J Pfeiffer, Hope C Davis, Brittney A Luc-Harkey, Matthew S Harkey, Laura E Stanley, Barnett S Frank, R Alexander Creighton, Ganesh M Kamath, Jeffery T Spang
The study sought to determine the association between gait biomechanics (vertical ground reaction force [vGRF], vGRF loading rate [vGRF-LR]) collected six months following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) with patient-reported outcomes at twelve months following ACLR. Walking gait mechanics and all subsections of the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcomes Score (KOOS) were collected at six and twelve months following ACLR, respectively, in 25 individuals with a unilateral ACLR. Peak vGRF and peak instantaneous vGRF-LR were extracted from the first 50% of the stance phase...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780842/the-nfl-s-chop-block-rule-change-does-it-prevent-knee-injuries-in-defensive-players
#6
Hayden P Baker, Antonios Varelas, Kevin Shi, Michael A Terry, Vehniah K Tjong
Background: The chop block, a football maneuver in which an offensive player blocks an opponent around the thigh while another offensive player engages the same opponent above the waist, was declared illegal by the National Football League (NFL) before the 2016-2017 season. Chop blocks have been hypothesized to be associated with medial collateral ligament and anterior cruciate ligament injury, especially in offensive/defensive linemen. Purpose: To quantify the impact that the chop-block rule change had on the incidence of knee injuries to defensive players in the NFL over 4 seasons (2014-2018)...
April 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780838/association-of-compartmental-bone-bruise-distribution-with-concomitant-intra-articular-and-extra-articular-injuries-in-acute-anterior-cruciate-ligament-tears-after-noncontact-sports-trauma
#7
Palaniswamy Aravindh, Tianyi Wu, Chloe Xiaoyun Chan, Keng Lin Wong, Lingaraj Krishna
Background: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are frequently associated with bone bruises, and their presence may be associated with concomitant intra- and extra-articular injuries. Purpose: To investigate the prevalence and pattern of distribution of bone bruises in patients with acute ACL tears from noncontact sports trauma and their association with specific intra- and extra-articular injuries. Study Design: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3...
April 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780835/risk-factors-for-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-in-competitive-adolescent-alpine-skiers
#8
Maria Westin, Marita L Harringe, Björn Engström, Marie Alricsson, Suzanne Werner
Background: There is a high risk for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries in alpine skiers. To reduce or try to prevent these injuries, intrinsic and extrinsic risk factors need to be identified. Purpose: To identify possible intrinsic and extrinsic ACL injury risk factors among competitive adolescent alpine skiers. Study Design: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3. Methods: Between 2006 and 2009, a cohort of 339 alpine ski students (176 male, 163 female) from Swedish ski high schools were prospectively observed in terms of ACL injuries...
April 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780834/factors-affecting-the-achievement-of-a-patient-acceptable-symptom-state-1-year-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-cohort-study-of-343-patients-from-2-registries
#9
Eric Hamrin Senorski, Eleonor Svantesson, Susanne Beischer, Alberto Grassi, Ferid Krupic, Roland Thomeé, Kristian Samuelsson
Background: There is insufficient knowledge regarding the influence of concomitant injuries on the recovery of short-term subjective knee function after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Purpose: To determine whether patient characteristics, concomitant injuries, and graft choice during ACL reconstruction can predict which patients achieve acceptable knee function 1 year after reconstruction. Study Design: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3...
April 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780621/thromboembolism-prophylaxis-in-orthopaedics-an-update
#10
Dimitrios A Flevas, Panayiotis D Megaloikonomos, Leonidas Dimopoulos, Evanthia Mitsiokapa, Panayiotis Koulouvaris, Andreas F Mavrogenis
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a serious complication during and after hospitalization, yet is a preventable cause of in-hospital death.Without VTE prophylaxis, the overall VTE incidence in medical and general surgery hospitalized patients is in the range of 10% to 40%, while it ranges up to 40% to 60% in major orthopaedic surgery. With routine VTE prophylaxis, fatal pulmonary embolism is uncommon in orthopaedic patients and the rates of symptomatic VTE within three months are in the range of 1.3% to 10%.VTE prophylaxis methods are divided into mechanical and pharmacological...
April 2018: EFORT Open Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778829/a-qualitative-investigation-of-the-attitudes-and-beliefs-about-physical-activity-and-post-traumatic-osteoarthritis-in-young-adults-3-10-years-after-an-intra-articular-knee-injury
#11
Allison M Ezzat, Mariana Brussoni, Jackie L Whittaker, Carolyn A Emery
OBJECTIVE: To understand the influence of the injury experience on current attitudes and beliefs about physical activity (PA) and the development of post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) in youth and young adults 3-10 years after a sport-related knee injury. DESIGN: Qualitative study. SETTING: University Sports Medical/Research Center. PARTICIPANTS: 20 young adults 3-10 years subsequent to intra-articular knee injury...
May 4, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778418/correlation-between-translational-and-rotational-kinematic-abnormalities-and-osteoarthritis-like-damage-in-two-in-vivo-sheep-injury-models
#12
Mehdi Shekarforoush, Jillian E Beveridge, David A Hart, Cyril B Frank, Nigel G Shrive
The relations between kinematic abnormalities and post traumatic osteoarthritis have not yet been clearly elucidated. This study was conducted to determine the finite helical axes parameters and the tibiofemoral translation vector in the knee joints of two surgically induced injury sheep models: anterior cruciate ligament and medial collateral ligament transection (ACL/MCL Tx) (n = 5) and lateral meniscectomy (n = 5). We hypothesized that morphological damage in the experimental joints would be correlated to alterations in these kinematic variables...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776736/trabecular-bone-score-at-the-distal-femur-and-proximal-tibia-in-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury
#13
Stacey Lobos, Anne Cooke, Gillian Simonett, Chester Ho, Steven K Boyd, W Brent Edwards
Rapid declines in bone mineral density (BMD) at the knee after spinal cord injury (SCI) are associated with an increased risk of fracture. Evaluation of bone quality using the trabecular bone score (TBS) may provide a complimentary measure to BMD assessment to examine bone health and fracture risk after SCI. The purpose of this study was to assess bone mineral density (BMD) and trabecular bone score (TBS) at the knee in individuals with and without SCI. Nine individuals with complete SCI (mean time since SCI 2...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776439/concurrence-of-symmetrical-peripheral-gangrene-and-venous-limb-gangrene-following-polytrauma-a-case-report
#14
Jih Huei Tan, Yuzaidi Mohamad, Chor Lip Henry Tan, Mahazir Kassim, Theodore E Warkentin
BACKGROUND: Symmetrical peripheral gangrene is characterized as acral (distal extremity) ischemic limb injury affecting two or more extremities, without large vessel obstruction, typically in a symmetrical fashion. Risk factors include hypotension, disseminated intravascular coagulation, and acute ischemic hepatitis ("shock liver"). In contrast, venous limb gangrene is characterized by acral ischemic injury occurring in a limb with deep vein thrombosis. Both symmetrical peripheral gangrene and venous limb gangrene present as acral limb ischemic necrosis despite presence of arterial pulses...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775379/decision-to-return-to-sport-participation-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-part-ii-self-reported-and-functional-performance-outcomes
#15
Jennifer L Werner, Julie P Burland, Carl G Mattacola, Jenny Toonstra, Robert A English, Jennifer S Howard
CONTEXT:   Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction (ACLR) is the most commonly used method for helping athletes regain function and return to preinjury activity levels after ACL injury. Outcomes after ACLR have suggested that athletes return to a level of function that would support a return to sport participation; however, in a recent meta-analysis, pooled return rates were only 55%. It is unclear whether this discrepancy is a result of functional impairments. OBJECTIVE:   To compare patient-reported outcomes (PROs), dynamic balance, dynamic functional performance, strength, and muscular endurance in athletes who have returned to sport (RTS) and athletes who have not returned to sport (NRTS) after ACLR...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772995/bilateral-spontaneous-quadriceps-tendon-ruptures-after-staged-bilateral-total-knee-arthroplasties-a-case-report
#16
Marine Coste, Jared M Newman, Neil V Shah, Ahmed M Eldib, Preston W Grieco, Aditya V Maheshwari
Quadriceps tendon ruptures are rare complications of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and may be associated with preexisting tendon degeneration, vascular injuries during surgery, damage to the quadriceps tendon with over resection of the patella, or incomplete healing after a particular surgical approach. Moreover, postoperative causes include tissue necrosis due to component malalignment, trauma, and infection. Patient factors such as chronic systemic diseases, medications, increased body weight, and sedentary lifestyle could also be responsible...
2018: Journal of Long-term Effects of Medical Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772990/the-effects-of-meniscal-geometry-on-susceptibility-for-meniscal-and-acl-injury-in-non-arthritic-knees-a-retrospective-case-control-study
#17
Alexander Tejani, Qais Naziri, Preston W Grieco, Robert Pivec, Damon Greene, Bhaveen V Kapadia, Dipal Chatterjee, William P Urban
Prior studies have not found significant differences in meniscal parameters between patients with meniscal and ligamentous injury and those without. The purpose of this study was to determine whether such relationships exist. Clinical records and magnetic resonance images of three subject groups were reviewed. Group 1 solely had meniscal tears (medial/lateral), Group 2 had meniscal tears with concurrent ACL tears, and Group 3 had healthy knees. The mean age of subjects included was 35.9 years (range 8.2-72...
2018: Journal of Long-term Effects of Medical Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772412/tactile-cues-can-change-movement-an-example-using-tape-to-redistribute-flexion-from-the-lumbar-spine-to-the-hips-and-knees-during-lifting
#18
Brendan L Pinto, Shawn M Beaudette, Stephen H M Brown
Given the appropriate cues, kinematic factors associated with low back injury risk and pain, such as spine flexion, can be avoided. Recent research has demonstrated the potential for tactile sensory information to change movement. In this study an athletic strapping tape was applied bilaterally along the lumbar extensor muscles to provide continuous tactile feedback information during a repeated lifting and lowering task. The presence of the tape resulted in a statistically significant reduction in lumbar spine flexion when compared to a baseline condition in which no tape was present...
May 14, 2018: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772188/hamstring-and-ankle-flexibility-deficits-are-weak-risk-factors-for-hamstring-injury-in-professional-soccer-players-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-438-players-including-78-injuries
#19
Nicol van Dyk, Abdulaziz Farooq, Roald Bahr, Erik Witvrouw
BACKGROUND: Hamstring injuries remain a significant injury burden in sports such as soccer that involve high-speed running. It has repeatedly been identified as the most common noncontact injury in elite male soccer, representing 12% of all injuries. As the incidence of hamstring injuries remains high, investigations are aimed at better understanding how to prevent hamstring injuries. Stretching to improve flexibility is commonly used in elite-level sports, but risk factor studies have reported contradicting results, leading to unclear conclusions regarding flexibility as a risk factor for hamstring injuries...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770851/synovitis-of-the-knee-following-a-high-pressure-injection-injury-with-hydraulic-oil
#20
Paulo A Noronha, Ronaldo O Lomelino, Vanessa Dinoá, Edson Marchiori
High-pressure injection injuries occur when equipment capable of achieving high pressure injects its contents into the human body. These injuries are largely occupational and may present as small entrance wounds with very few symptoms. However, they represent a surgical emergency, often requiring amputation. They characteristically involve the upper extremities, but other regions of the body may be injured. We present the case of a 26-year-old man who sustained a high-pressure injection injury with hydraulic oil to the knee and a literature review of this type of accident...
May 17, 2018: Skeletal Radiology
keyword
keyword
84116
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"