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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921367/dietary-patterns-in-liberian-refugees-in-buduburam-ghana
#1
Wilhelmenia L Ross, Daniel F Gallego-Pérez, Anna Lartey, Adam Sandow, Rafael Pérez-Escamilla, Amber Hromi-Fiedler
Previous research suggests that acculturation (i.e., exposure and assimilation to local culture) is associated with changes in dietary patterns among immigrants. This study investigates this association in a refugee population using time in refugee settlement as a proxy for acculturation. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among a systematic sample to (a) identify dietary patterns in Liberian refugees and Ghanaians living in or near a refugee settlement, (b) compare adherence to these dietary patterns between groups, and (c) investigate the association between acculturation and dietary patterns in Liberian refugees...
December 5, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917767/prevalence-and-correlates-of-violence-among-south-african-high-school-learners-in-umgungundlovu-district-municipality-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#2
N Khuzwayo, M Taylor, C Connolly
BACKGROUND: Young people grow up in homes and communities where many are exposed daily to crime and antisocial behaviours. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of violence and the demographic factors associated with such violence among South African (SA)high school learners in the uMgungundlovu District, KwaZulu-Natal, SA. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, we used stratified random sampling to select 16 schools in uMgungundlovu District...
December 1, 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916914/comparing-sanitation-delivery-modalities-in-urban-informal-settlement-schools-a-randomized-trial-in-nairobi-kenya
#3
Kate Bohnert, Anna N Chard, Alex Mwaki, Amy E Kirby, Richard Muga, Corey L Nagel, Evan A Thomas, Matthew C Freeman
The provision of safely managed sanitation in informal settlements is a challenge, especially in schools that require durable, clean, sex-segregated facilities for a large number of children. In informal settlements in Nairobi, school sanitation facilities demand considerable capital costs, yet are prone to breakage and often unhygienic. The private sector may be able to provide quality facilities and services to schools at lower costs as an alternative to the sanitation that is traditionally provided by the government...
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913911/assessing-the-food-safety-attitudes-and-awareness-of-managers-of-school-feeding-programmes-in-mpumalanga-south-africa
#4
J J Sibanyoni, F T Tabit
The managers of school feeding programmes are responsible for ensuring the safety of the food which is provided to schoolchildren, but very few studies have been conducted on the food safety knowledge and awareness of these managers. The objective of this study is to evaluate the food safety attitudes and awareness of managers of the National School Nutrition Programme (NSNP) in schools in Mpumalanga, a province of South Africa. A cross-sectional survey study was conducted in which questionnaires were used to collect data from 300 NSNP food service managers...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908406/trace-element-biomonitoring-in-hair-of-school-children-from-a-polluted-area-by-sector-field-inductively-coupled-plasma-mass-spectrometry
#5
Evgenii J Drobyshev, Nikolay D Solovyev, Natalya B Ivanenko, Maria Yu Kombarova, Alexander A Ganeev
In the current study, a biomonitoring of 18 hair trace elements (Al, As, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Hg, Mg, Mn, Ni, Pb, Se, V, Zn, Ca, Na and P) in school children from Leningradskaya Oblast' is reported. A case group, residing in a proximity to the toxic waste disposal grounds (Krasniy Bor), has been assessed vs. controls from a non-urban settlement Seltso. In total, 166 hair samples were analysed using double focusing sector field inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry after microwave-assisted sample digestion with nitric acid...
January 2017: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905270/gastrointestinal-helminth-fauna-of-rodents-from-cambodia-emphasizing-the-community-ecology-of-host-parasite-associations
#6
K Chaisiri, M Chou, C C Siew, S Morand, A Ribas
Extensive field surveys of rodents were conducted in Cambodia from 2008 to 2014 to study the diversity and ecology of helminth infection in wild rodent populations. Gastrointestinal helminths were isolated from 14 species of rodents (569 individuals) trapped from different habitats (forest, dry land, rain-fed land and human settlements) in four provinces of Cambodia (Krong Preah Sihanouk, Mondolkiri, Pursat and Steung Treng). The average prevalence of parasitic infection was 58.5% (range, 16.0-64.7%), and 19 helminth taxa were identified in total...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Helminthology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902729/eastern-mediterranean-economic-exchange-during-the-iron-age-portable-x-ray-fluorescence-and-neutron-activation-analysis-of-cypriot-style-pottery-in-the-amuq-valley-turkey
#7
Steven Karacic, James F Osborne
Two markers of regional exchange in the Eastern Mediterranean during the first millennium BCE are the White Painted and Bichrome Wares from Cyprus's Cypro-Geometric and Cypro-Archaic periods. Although these ceramics are often assumed to be imports from Cyprus, excavations in southern Turkey at sites such as Tarsus-Gözlükule, Kilise Tepe, Sirkeli Höyük, and Kinet Höyük suggest that at least some of this pottery was produced locally, requiring a major revision of our understanding of economic interaction in the Eastern Mediterranean...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902452/high-ambient-noise-levels-in-vadodara-city-india-affected-by-urbanization
#8
Neha Singh, Hitesh Dhiman, Sadaf Shaikh, Purvish Shah, Roma Sarkar, Shashin Patel
The present research was conducted to study the urbanization of Vadodara city and to monitor the ambient noise level in the industrial, commercial, residential and silence zones of the city. A settlement map created by unsupervised classification for the land use and land cover study of Vadodara city clearly shows the increasing pattern of urbanization in its central part, which may be the result of urban sprawl due to migration of people from the rural to the urban areas. The fluctuation in ambient noise level was recorded using an A-weighted sound level meter in all the four zones of Vadodara city for 3 h at regular intervals of 15 min on 3 consecutive days at the same time...
December 1, 2016: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900424/long-term-geochemical-evolution-of-lithogenic-versus-anthropogenic-distribution-of-macro-and-trace-elements-in-household-attic-dust
#9
Biljana Balabanova, Trajče Stafilov, Robert Šajn, Claudiu Tănăselia
Attic dusts were examined as historical archives of anthropogenic emissions, with the goal of elucidating the enrichment pathways associated with hydrothermal exploitation of Cu, Pb, and Zn minerals in the Bregalnica River basin in the eastern part of the Republic of Macedonia. Dust samples were collected from 84 settlements. Atomic emission spectrometry and mass spectrometry with inductively coupled plasma were applied as analytical techniques for the determination of 69 element contents. Multivariate analysis was applied for the extraction of dominant geochemical markers...
November 29, 2016: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899475/predictors-of-prenatal-smoking-and-attempted-smoking-cessation-during-pregnancy-a-community-based-study-of-romani-women-in-southeastern-europe
#10
Janko Jankovic, Zeljka Stamenkovic, Kristefer Stojanovski, Renee D Goodwin, Teresa Janevic
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to examine predictors of prenatal smoking, and attempted smoking cessation during pregnancy among Romani women. METHODS: A community-based, cross-sectional study (November 2012 to February 2013) of 410 Romani women in Roma settlements in Serbia and Macedonia was conducted. Logistic regression was used to identify predictors of prenatal smoking and attempted smoking cessation during pregnancy. RESULTS: Romani women older than 30 years and those who were living with a man were over twice as likely (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 2...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898829/gapit-version-2-an-enhanced-integrated-tool-for-genomic-association-and-prediction
#11
You Tang, Xiaolei Liu, Jiabo Wang, Meng Li, Qishan Wang, Feng Tian, Zhongbin Su, Yuchun Pan, Di Liu, Alexander E Lipka, Edward S Buckler, Zhiwu Zhang
Most human diseases and agriculturally important traits are complex. Dissecting their genetic architecture requires continued development of innovative and powerful statistical methods. Corresponding advances in computing tools are critical to efficiently use these statistical innovations and to enhance and accelerate biomedical and agricultural research and applications. The genome association and prediction integrated tool (GAPIT) was first released in 2012 and became widely used for genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and genomic prediction...
July 2016: Plant Genome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895628/nearshore-pelagic-microbial-community-abundance-affects-recruitment-success-of-giant-kelp-macrocystis-pyrifera
#12
Megan M Morris, John M Haggerty, Bhavya N Papudeshi, Alejandro A Vega, Matthew S Edwards, Elizabeth A Dinsdale
Marine microbes mediate key ecological processes in kelp forest ecosystems and interact with macroalgae. Pelagic and biofilm-associated microbes interact with macroalgal propagules at multiple stages of recruitment, yet these interactions have not been described for Macrocystis pyrifera. Here we investigate the influence of microbes from coastal environments on recruitment of giant kelp, M. pyrifera. Through repeated laboratory experiments, we tested the effects of altered pelagic microbial abundance on the settlement and development of the microscopic propagules of M...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889826/cardiovascular-risk-profiles-in-a-hospital-based-population-of-patients-with-psoriatic-arthritis-and-ankylosing-spondylitis-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Christoffer B Nissen, Kim Hørslev-Petersen, Jette Primdahl
The objective of the study was to investigate the frequency of traditional risk factors for the cardiovascular (CV) disease, to calculate the Systematic COronary Risk Evaluation (SCORE) for CV-related mortality in Danish patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and ankylosing spondylitis (AS), and to compare with results from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) from the same settlement. All PsA and AS patients aged 18-85 years from one outpatient clinic were invited. A rheumatology nurse conducted 30-min screening consultation, preceded by a lipid and glucose profile...
November 26, 2016: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888336/ocean-acidification-alters-temperature-and-salinity-preferences-in-larval-fish
#14
Jennifer C A Pistevos, Ivan Nagelkerken, Tullio Rossi, Sean D Connell
Ocean acidification alters the way in which animals perceive and respond to their world by affecting a variety of senses such as audition, olfaction, vision and pH sensing. Marine species rely on other senses as well, but we know little of how these might be affected by ocean acidification. We tested whether ocean acidification can alter the preference for physicochemical cues used for dispersal between ocean and estuarine environments. We experimentally assessed the behavioural response of a larval fish (Lates calcarifer) to elevated temperature and reduced salinity, including estuarine water of multiple cues for detecting settlement habitat...
November 25, 2016: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881281/value-and-service-quality-assessment-of-the-national-health-insurance-scheme-in-ghana-evidence-from-ashiedu-keteke-district
#15
Eric Nsiah-Boateng, Moses Aikins, Francis Asenso-Boadi, Francis-Xavier Andoh-Adjei
BACKGROUND: Ghana introduced the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) in 2003 to provide financial access to health care for all residents. OBJECTIVES: This article analyzed claims reimbursement data of the NHIS to assess the value of the benefit package to the insured and responsiveness of the service to the financial needs of health services providers. METHODS: Medical claims data reported between January 1, 2010, and December 31, 2014, were retrieved from the database of Ashiedu Keteke District Office of the National Health Insurance Authority...
September 2016: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881099/predictors-of-hiv-infection-a-prospective-hiv-screening-study-in-a-ugandan-refugee-settlement
#16
Kelli N O'Laughlin, Dustin J Rabideau, Julius Kasozi, Robert A Parker, Nirma D Bustamante, Zikama M Faustin, Kelsy E Greenwald, Rochelle P Walensky, Ingrid V Bassett
BACKGROUND: The instability faced by refugees may place them at increased risk of exposure to HIV infection. Nakivale Refugee Settlement in southwestern Uganda hosts 68,000 refugees from 11 countries, many with high HIV prevalence. We implemented an HIV screening program in Nakivale and examined factors associated with new HIV diagnosis. METHODS: From March 2013-November 2014, we offered free HIV screening to all clients in the Nakivale Health Center while they waited for their outpatient clinic visit...
November 23, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880960/antifouling-activity-towards-mussel-by-small-molecule-compounds-from-a-strain-of-vibrio-alginolyticus-bacterium-associated-with-sea-anemone-haliplanella-sp
#17
Xiang Wang, Yanqiu Huang, Yanqing Sheng, Pei Su, Yan Qiu, Caihuan Ke, Danqing Feng
Mussels are major fouling organisms causing serious technical and economic problems. In this study, antifouling activity towards mussel was found in three compounds isolated from a marine bacterium associated with the sea anemone Haliplanella sp.. This bacterial strain, called PE2 was identified as Vibrio alginolyticus using morphology, biochemical tests and phylogenetic analysis based on sequences of 16S rRNA and four housekeeping genes (rpoD, gyrB, rctB and toxR). Three small-molecule compounds (indole, 3-formylindole and cyclo (Pro-Leu)) were purified from the ethyl acetate extract of V...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876039/evidence-of-a-multiple-insecticide-resistance-in-the-malaria-vector-anopheles-funestus-in-south-west-nigeria
#18
Rousseau J Djouaka, Seun M Atoyebi, Genevieve M Tchigossou, Jacob M Riveron, Helen Irving, Romaric Akoton, Michael O Kusimo, Adekunle A Bakare, Charles S Wondji
BACKGROUND: Knowing the extent and spread of insecticide resistance in malaria vectors is vital to successfully manage insecticide resistance in Africa. This information in the main malaria vector, Anopheles funestus sensu stricto, is completely lacking in the most populous country in Africa, Nigeria. This study reports the insecticide susceptibility status and the molecular basis of resistance of An. funestus as well as its involvement in malaria transmission in Akaka-Remo, a farm settlement village in southwest Nigeria...
November 22, 2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869180/silver-nanoparticles-impact-biofilm-communities-and-mussel-settlement
#19
Jin-Long Yang, Yi-Feng Li, Xiao Liang, Xing-Pan Guo, De-Wen Ding, Demin Zhang, Shuxue Zhou, Wei-Yang Bao, Nikoleta Bellou, Sergey Dobretsov
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) demonstrating good antimicrobial activity are widely used in many fields. However, the impact of AgNPs on the community structures of marine biofilms that drive biogeochemical cycling processes and the recruitment of marine invertebrate larvae remains unknown. Here, we employed MiSeq sequencing technology to evaluate the bacterial communities of 28-day-old marine biofilms formed on glass, polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), and PDMS filled with AgNPs and subsequently tested the influence of these marine biofilms on plantigrade settlement by the mussel Mytilus coruscus...
November 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867759/the-potential-for-self-seeding-by-the-coral-pocillopora-spp-in-moorea-french-polynesia
#20
Georgios Tsounis, Peter J Edmunds
Coral reefs in Moorea, French Polynesia, suffered catastrophic coral mortality through predation by Acanthaster planci from 2006 to 2010, and Cyclone Oli in 2010, yet by 2015 some coral populations were approaching pre-disturbance sizes. Using long-term study plots, we quantified population dynamics of spawning Pocillopora spp. along the north shore of Moorea between 2010 and 2014, and considered evidence that population recovery could be supported by self-seeding. Results scaled up from study plots and settlement tiles suggest that the number of Pocillopora spp...
2016: PeerJ
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