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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786905/quasi-3d-structured-interfaces-by-polymer-brushes
#1
REVIEW
Edmondo M Benetti
The fabrication of polymer brushes via surface-initiated controlled radical polymerizations has progressively developed beyond a simple surface functionalization technique, enabling the design of complex polymer interfaces with a quasi-3D molecular organization. The modulation of polymer brush structure has led to an extremely broad tuning potential for technologically relevant interfacial, physicochemical properties, allowing one to precisely tune swelling, nanomechanical, and nanotribological characteristics of polymer films...
May 22, 2018: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782585/exploring-transformations-in-caribbean-indigenous-social-networks-through-visibility-studies-the-case-of-late-pre-colonial-landscapes-in-east-guadeloupe-french-west-indies
#2
Tom Brughmans, Maaike S de Waal, Corinne L Hofman, Ulrik Brandes
This paper presents a study of the visual properties of natural and Amerindian cultural landscapes in late pre-colonial East-Guadeloupe and of how these visual properties affected social interactions. Through a review of descriptive and formal visibility studies in Caribbean archaeology, it reveals that the ability of visual properties to affect past human behaviour is frequently evoked but the more complex of these hypotheses are rarely studied formally. To explore such complex hypotheses, the current study applies a range of techniques: total viewsheds, cumulative viewsheds, visual neighbourhood configurations and visibility networks...
2018: Journal of archaeological method and theory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780584/opening-the-black-box-of-spring-water-microbiology-from-alpine-karst-aquifers-to-support-proactive-drinking-water-resource-management
#3
REVIEW
Domenico Savio, Philipp Stadler, Georg H Reischer, Alexander K T Kirschner, Katalin Demeter, Rita Linke, Alfred P Blaschke, Regina Sommer, Ulrich Szewzyk, Inés C Wilhartitz, Robert L Mach, Hermann Stadler, Andreas H Farnleitner
Over the past 15 years, pioneering interdisciplinary research has been performed on the microbiology of hydrogeologically well-defined alpine karst springs located in the Northern Calcareous Alps (NCA) of Austria. This article gives an overview on these activities and links them to other relevant research. Results from the NCA springs and comparable sites revealed that spring water harbors abundant natural microbial communities even in aquifers with high water residence times and the absence of immediate surface influence...
May 2018: WIREs. Water
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779264/compliance-to-follow-up-and-adherence-to-medication-in-hypertensive-patients-in-an-urban-informal-settlement-in-kenya-comparison-of-three-models-of-care
#4
Ng'endo Kuria, Anthony Reid, Philip Owiti, Hannock Tweya, Caleb Kipkurui Kibet, Lilian Mbau, Marcel Manzi, Victor Murunga, Tecla Namusonge, Joseph Kibachio
OBJECTIVE: To determine and compare, among three models of care, compliance to scheduled clinic appointments and adherence to anti-hypertensive medication of patients in an informal settlement of Kibera, Kenya. METHODS: Routinely collected patient data were used from three health facilities, six walkway clinics and one weekend/church clinic. Patients were eligible if they had received hypertension care for more than six months. Compliance with clinic appointments and self-reported adherence to medication were determined from clinic records and compared using the Chi-square test...
May 19, 2018: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779117/how-common-is-balkan-endemic-nephropathy-among-immigrants-in-endemic-regions
#5
Ljubica Đukanović, Maja Račić, Ivko Marić, Zlatko Maksimović, Jelena Simić, Jela Aleksić, Sanja Stanković, Vesna Pejović, Višnja Ležaić
PURPOSE: In the early 1970s, a number of authors described the development of Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN) in immigrants in endemic regions. The aim of this study was to examine whether immigrants in endemic regions are suffering from BEN today. METHODS: The study involved 193 residents of two endemic regions divided into three groups: two groups of native residents-(1) members of BEN families, (2) members of non-BEN families, and (3) immigrants, who had moved from non-affected settlements to the endemic regions of Kolubara (38 years ago) or Semberia (20 years ago)...
May 19, 2018: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776353/depression-and-its-psychosocial-risk-factors-in-pregnant-kenyan-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study-in-a-community-health-centre-of-nairobi
#6
Judith Osok, Pius Kigamwa, Ann Vander Stoep, Keng-Yen Huang, Manasi Kumar
BACKGROUND: Adolescent pregnancies within urban resource-deprived settlements predispose young girls to adverse mental health and psychosocial adversities, notably depression. Depression in sub-Saharan Africa is a leading contributor to years lived with disability (YLD). The study's objective was to determine the prevalence of depression and related psychosocial risks among pregnant adolescents reporting at a maternal and child health clinic in Nairobi, Kenya. METHODS: A convenient sample of 176 pregnant adolescents attending antenatal clinic in Kangemi primary healthcare health facility participated in the study...
May 18, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775914/current-radiological-situation-in-areas-of-ukraine-contaminated-by-the-chernobyl-accident-part-1-human-dietary-exposure-to-caesium-137-and-possible-mitigation-measures
#7
I Labunska, V Kashparov, S Levchuk, D Santillo, P Johnston, S Polishchuk, N Lazarev, Y Khomutinin
This study reports for the first time temporal trends for the period of 2011-2016 in 137 Cs content in cow's milk originating from private farms and households of 14 settlements located in the territories of the Rivne region, Ukraine. These areas are still radioactively contaminated as a result of the accident at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant (ChNPP) in 1986. In 2016, the average 137 Cs activity concentration in milk exceeded the Ukrainian Permissible Level (PL) for adults of 100 Bq/l in samples from 6 settlements and the PL for children of 40 Bq/l in 8 settlements, reaching activity concentration of around 500 Bq/l in some samples...
May 15, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775881/mass-flow-based-removal-and-transformation-potentials-for-tbbpa-hbcds-and-pbdes-during-wastewater-treatment-processes
#8
Un-Jung Kim, Jeong-Eun Oh
At a sewage treatment plant, 27 polybrominated diphenyl ethers, 17 methoxylated brominated diphenyl ethers, nine hydroxylated brominated diphenyl ethers, three hexabromocyclododecane diastereomers, and tetrabromobisphenol A were monitored at five major treatment stages (the influent, primary settlement stage, biological reaction stage, secondary settlement stage, and the UV irradiation disinfection stage). Hexabromocyclododecanes were the dominant chemicals, contributing 40% of the total concentrations of the chemicals in the dissolved phase of the sewage...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774711/-health-impact-of-asbestos-fibres-naturally-occurring-in-mount-pollino-area-basilicata-region-southern-italy
#9
Angelo Caputo, Marco De Santis, Valerio Manno, Gabriella Cauzillo, Biagio Maria Bruni, Lorenzo Palumbo, Susanna Conti, Pietro Comba
OBJECTIVES: to estimate the health impact of asbestos fibres naturally occurring in Mount Pollino area (Basilicata Region, Southern Italy). DESIGN: geographic mortality, hospitalization, and incidence study. Setting and participant s: population resident in 12 Municipalities of Mount Pollino area with naturally occurring asbestos fibres. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: standardized mortality ratio (SMR) and standardized hospitalization rate (SHR) for asbestos-related diseases; standardized incidence ratio (SIR) for mesotheliomas...
March 2018: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774295/serological-investigation-of-visceral-leishmania-infection-in-human-and-its-associated-risk-factors-in-welkait-district-western-tigray-ethiopia
#10
Abrha Bsrat, Mebrahtu Berhe, Endalemaw Gadissa, Habtamu Taddele, Yohannes Tekle, Yohannes Hagos, Adugna Abera, Messele G/Micael, Tehetna Alemayhu, Getachew Gugsa, Abraham Aseffa
Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is major neglected public health problem in terms of geographical spread and incidence in Ethiopia. Magnitude, public health impact and dynamics of VL were not well studied in Welkait District, Western Tigray, though the area is known for VL. Hence, this study aimed to determine sero-prevalence of human VL and associated risk factors in Welkait as new foci. A cross sectional study design was employed in this study. Two stage stratified random sampling method was used to select study participants...
February 2018: Parasite Epidemiology and Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770806/a-place-of-many-names-how-three-generations-of-bedouin-women-express-the-meaning-of-home
#11
Nuzha Allassad Alhuzail
This article examines how three generations of Bedouin women in southern Israel express what home means to them through the names they give it: bayt , maskan , and dar . Home has always been significant in the lives of Bedouin women, but Bedouin society is undergoing major changes-culturally, socially, and in the form of settlement. The external form of the Bedouin home has changed, too, from a tent to a stone house, from an open structure to a closed one, from being part of the open space of the desert to being a limited space in a neighborhood...
2018: Journal of housing and the built environment: HBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765942/malpractice-litigation-in-ocular-oncology
#12
Stephanie B Engelhard, Mary E Aronow, Christopher T Shah, Austin J Sim, Ashvini K Reddy
Aims: The aim of this study was to report and analyze the causes and outcomes of ocular oncology malpractice litigation. Methods: The WestLaw® database was reviewed for all litigation related to ophthalmology in the United States from 1930 to 2014. All ocular oncology cases were included in this analysis and compared to other ophthalmic subspecialties. Results: Sixteen ocular oncology malpractice cases were included in this study. Overall, 56...
April 2018: Ocular Oncology and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765161/expanding-the-blup-alphabet-for-genomic-prediction-adaptable-to-the-genetic-architectures-of-complex-traits
#13
Jiabo Wang, Zhengkui Zhou, Zhe Zhang, Hui Li, Di Liu, Qin Zhang, Peter J Bradbury, Edward S Buckler, Zhiwu Zhang
Improvement of statistical methods is crucial for realizing the potential of increasingly dense genetic markers. Bayesian methods treat all markers as random effects, exhibit an advantage on dense markers, and offer the flexibility of using different priors. In contrast, genomic best linear unbiased prediction (gBLUP) is superior in computing speed, but only superior in prediction accuracy for extremely complex traits. Currently, the existing variety in the BLUP method is insufficient for adapting to new sequencing technologies and traits with different genetic architectures...
May 16, 2018: Heredity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764468/development-and-implementation-of-a-geographical-area-categorisation-method-with-targeted-performance-indicators-for-nationwide-ems-in-finland
#14
Jukka Pappinen, Päivi Laukkanen-Nevala, Pekka Mäntyselkä, Jouni Kurola
BACKGROUND: In Finland, hospital districts (HD) are required by law to determine the level and availability of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) for each 1-km2 sized area (cell) within their administrative area. The cells are currently categorised into five risk categories based on the predicted number of missions. Methodological defects and insufficient instructions have led to incomparability between EMS services. The aim of this study was to describe a new, nationwide method for categorising the cells, analyse EMS response time data and describe possible differences in mission profiles between the new risk category areas...
May 15, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764385/a-qualitative-study-about-the-gendered-experiences-of-motherhood-and-perinatal-mortality-in-mountain-villages-of-nepal-implications-for-improving-perinatal-survival
#15
Mohan Paudel, Sara Javanparast, Gouranga Dasvarma, Lareen Newman
BACKGROUND: We aim to examine the gendered contexts of poor perinatal survival in the remote mountain villages of Nepal. The study setting comprised two remote mountain villages from a mid-western mountain district of Nepal that ranks lowest on the Human Development Index (0.304), and is reported as having the lowest child survival rates in the country. METHODS: The findings are taken from a larger study of perinatal survival in remote mountain villages of Nepal, conducted through a qualitative methodological approach within a framework of social constructionist and critical theoretical perspectives...
May 15, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764296/-medicine-doesn-t-cure-my-worries-understanding-the-drivers-of-mental-distress-in-older-nepalese-women-living-in-the-uk
#16
Lalita Kumari Sah, Rochelle Ann Burgess, Rajeeb Kumar Sah
The mental health of migrant communities is an important public health concern. A growing body of literature suggests that social and cultural determinants of health significantly contribute to the mental health and wellbeing of older migrants in their host countries. Despite the increasing population of older Nepalese migrants in the UK, there is little research exploring the mental health needs of this community. This article explores older Nepalese women's experiences of drivers of mental distress in London...
May 15, 2018: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761354/stress-and-health-of-internally-displaced-female-yezidis-in-northern-iraq
#17
Pia Jäger
Burden and vulnerability factors after the genocide by ISIS accumulate to a high risk of health for displaced Yezidi women having survived or escaped the "ISIS" persecutions and massacres 2014. In May 2017, standardized interviews, including tests for the acquisition of healthrelated quality of life (SF12), stress (PSS10) and experienced trauma were performed with 29 and a medical anamnesis with 10 displaced female Yezidi in camps for internally displaced people (IDP) and unofficial settlements in Northern Iraq...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758865/risk-assessment-and-source-analysis-of-soil-heavy-metal-pollution-from-lower-reaches-of-yellow-river-irrigation-in-china
#18
Pengyan Zhang, Chengzhe Qin, Xin Hong, Guohua Kang, Mingzhou Qin, Dan Yang, Bo Pang, Yanyan Li, Jianjian He, Richard P Dick
The level of concentration of heavy metal in soil is detrimental to soil quality. The Heigangkou-Liuyuankou irrigation area in the lower-reach of Yellow River irrigation, as home to a large population and a major site to agricultural production, is vulnerable to heavy metal pollution. This study examined soil quality in Heigangkou-Liuyuankou irrigation areas of Kaifeng, China. Pollution in soil and potential risks introduced by heavy metal accumulation were assessed using Nemerow, Geoaccumulation, and Hakanson's ecological risk indices...
August 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754295/elucidation-of-contamination-sources-for-poly-and-perfluoroalkyl-substances-pfass-on-svalbard-norwegian-arctic
#19
Jøran Solnes Skaar, Erik Magnus Ræder, Jan Ludvig Lyche, Lutz Ahrens, Roland Kallenborn
A combination of local (i.e. firefighting training facilities) and remote sources (i.e. long-range transport) is assumed to be responsible for the occurrence of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in Svalbard (Norwegian Arctic). However, no systematic elucidation of local PFASs sources has been conducted yet. Therefore, a survey was performed aiming at identifying local PFAS pollution sources on the island of Spitsbergen (Svalbard, Norway). Soil, freshwater (lake, draining rivers), seawater, meltwater run-off, surface snow and coastal sediment samples were collected from Longyearbyen (Norwegian mining town), Ny-Ålesund (research facility) and the Lake Linnévatnet area (background site) during several campaigns (2014-2016) and analysed for 14 individual target PFASs...
May 12, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751960/effects-of-natural-current-ph-variability-on-the-sea-urchin-paracentrotus-lividus-larvae-development-and-settlement
#20
Eliseba García, Sabrina Clemente, José Carlos Hernández
One of the most important environmental factors controlling the distribution, physiology, morphology and behaviour of marine invertebrates is ocean pH. In the last decade, the effects of decreasing ocean pH as a result of climate change processes (i.e. ocean acidification) on marine organisms have been target of much research. However, the effects of natural pH variability in the species' niche have been largely neglected. Marine coastal habitats are characterized by a high environmental variability and, in some cases, organisms are already coping with pH values predicted by the end of the century...
April 25, 2018: Marine Environmental Research
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