keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Goal progress AND priority

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925382/moving-beyond-not-enough-time-factors-influencing-paediatric-clinicians-participation-in-research
#1
Simon Paul Paget, Patrina Hy Caldwell, Joyce Murphy, Kimberley J Lilischkis, Angie M Morrow
BACKGROUND: Increasing the amount of clinical research that occurs in healthcare settings has been identified as an important mechanism to improve healthcare outcomes. While clinicians are key persons in achieving this aim, research participation amongst clinicians is generally limited. AIMS: To identify the factors (barriers and facilitators) influencing clinician research participation and determine how professional culture impacts on these factors. METHODS: Forty clinicians working at a tertiary children's hospital participated in six discipline-specific focus groups...
December 7, 2016: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906755/optimal-blood-pressure-target-in-stroke-prevention
#2
Alexandra Yannoutsos, Céline Dreyfuss Tubiana, Michel E Safar, Jacques Blacher
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A generalized single blood pressure (BP) goal may appear not suitable to achieve an optimal stroke prevention at the individual level. The aim of the present review is to consider the clinical relevance of individualized BP goal according to patient's age, comorbidities and established cerebrovascular disease. RECENT FINDINGS: Observational and interventional data support heterogeneity in target organ prevention in that lower BP values than recommended by hypertension guidelines are associated with further stroke risk reduction...
November 30, 2016: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903156/american-society-of-clinical-oncology-obesity-initiative-rationale-progress-and-future-directions
#3
Jennifer A Ligibel, Dana Wollins
Obesity is increasingly being linked to the risk of developing and dying from cancer. In recognition of the growing contribution of obesity to cancer risk and outcomes, ASCO made obesity and cancer one of its core initiatives in 2014. The goals of this initiative included raising awareness of the relationship between obesity and cancer, providing tools and resources to oncology providers and patients to help encourage conversations regarding weight management in cancer survivors, fostering a robust research agenda, and advocating for access to evidence-based weight management programs for cancer survivors...
December 10, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900933/race-to-the-top-evaluation-of-a-novel-performance-based-financing-initiative-to-promote-healthcare-delivery-in-rural-rwanda
#4
Evrard Nahimana, Ryan McBain, Anatole Manzi, Hari Iyer, Alice Uwingabiye, Neil Gupta, Gerald Muzungu, Peter Drobac, Lisa R Hirschhorn
BACKGROUND: Performance-based financing (PBF) has demonstrated a range of successes and failures in improving health outcomes across low- and middle-income countries. Evidence indicates that the success of PBF depends, in large part, on the model selected, in relation to a variety of contextual factors. OBJECTIVE: Partners In Health∣Inshuti Mu Buzima aimed to evaluate health outcomes associated with a novel capacity-building model of PBF at health centers throughout Kirehe district, Rwanda...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887666/contributions-of-national-and-global-health-estimates-to-monitoring-health-related-sustainable-development-goals
#5
Kanitta Bundhamcharoen, Supon Limwattananon, Khanitta Kusreesakul, Viroj Tangcharoensathien
The millennium development goals triggered an increased demand for data on child and maternal mortalities for monitoring progress. With the advent of the sustainable development goals and growing evidence of an epidemiological transition toward non-communicable diseases, policymakers need data on mortality and disease trends and distribution to inform effective policies and support monitoring progress. Where there are limited capacities to produce national health estimates (NHEs), global health estimates (GHEs) can fill gaps for global monitoring and comparisons...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882457/cytomegalovirus-vaccines-current-status-and-future-prospects
#6
REVIEW
K M Anderholm, C J Bierle, M R Schleiss
Congenital human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection can result in severe and permanent neurological injury in newborns, and vaccine development is accordingly a major public health priority. HCMV can also cause disease in solid organ transplant (SOT) and hematopoietic stem-cell transplant (HSCT) recipients, and a vaccine would be valuable in prevention of viremia and end-organ disease in these populations. Currently there is no licensed HCMV vaccine, but progress toward this goal has been made in recent clinical trials...
November 2016: Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855145/potentially-preventable-deaths-among-the-five-leading-causes-of-death-united-states-2010-and-2014
#7
Macarena C García, Brigham Bastian, Lauren M Rossen, Robert Anderson, Arialdi Miniño, Paula W Yoon, Mark Faul, Greta Massetti, Cheryll C Thomas, Yuling Hong, Michael F Iademarco
Death rates by specific causes vary across the 50 states and the District of Columbia.* Information on differences in rates for the leading causes of death among states might help state health officials determine prevention goals, priorities, and strategies. CDC analyzed National Vital Statistics System data to provide national and state-specific estimates of potentially preventable deaths among the five leading causes of death in 2014 and compared these estimates with estimates previously published for 2010...
November 18, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789147/utilizing-direct-skin-feeding-assays-for-development-of-vaccines-that-interrupt-malaria-transmission-a-systematic-review-of-methods-and-case-study
#8
REVIEW
Elizabeth B Brickley, Mamadou Coulibaly, Erin E Gabriel, Sara A Healy, Jen C C Hume, Issaka Sagara, Sekou F Traore, Ogobara Doumbo, Patrick E Duffy
Shifting the malaria priorities from a paradigm of control and elimination to a goal of global eradication calls for renewed attention to the interruption of malaria transmission. Sustained progress toward eradication will require both improved understanding of infectious reservoirs and efficient development of novel transmission-blocking interventions, such as rapidly acting and highly efficacious therapeutics and vaccines. Here, we review the direct skin feeding assay (DSF), which has been proposed as a valuable tool for measuring the in natura transmission of malaria parasites from human hosts to mosquito vectors across heterogeneous populations...
October 24, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770819/implementing-school-nursing-strategies-to-reduce-lgbtq-adolescent-suicide-a-randomized-cluster-trial-study-protocol
#9
Cathleen E Willging, Amy E Green, Mary M Ramos
BACKGROUND: Reducing youth suicide in the United States (U.S.) is a national public health priority, and lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer or questioning (LGBTQ) youth are at elevated risk. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) endorses six evidence-based (EB) strategies that center on meeting the needs of LGBTQ youth in schools; however, fewer than 6 % of U.S. schools implement all of them. The proposed intervention model, "RLAS" (Implementing School Nursing Strategies to Reduce LGBTQ Adolescent Suicide), builds on the Exploration, Preparation, Implementation, and Sustainment (EPIS) conceptual framework and the Dynamic Adaptation Process (DAP) to implement EB strategies in U...
October 22, 2016: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717613/generation-of-global-political-priority-for-early-childhood-development-the-challenges-of-framing-and-governance
#10
Yusra Ribhi Shawar, Jeremy Shiffman
Despite progress, early childhood development (ECD) remains a neglected issue, particularly in resource-poor countries. We analyse the challenges and opportunities that ECD proponents face in advancing global priority for the issue. We triangulated among several data sources, including 19 semi-structured interviews with individuals involved in global ECD leadership, practice, and advocacy, as well as peer-reviewed research, organisation reports, and grey literature. We undertook a thematic analysis of the collected data, drawing on social science scholarship on collective action and a policy framework that elucidates why some global initiatives are more successful in generating political priority than others...
October 3, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707540/evidence-to-inform-the-future-for-maternal-and-newborn-health
#11
Joy E Lawn, Hannah Blencowe, Mary V Kinney, Fiorella Bianchi, Wendy J Graham
Despite the impressive progress gains for maternal and child health during the Millennium Development Goals era, over 5.6 million women and babies died in 2015 due to complications during pregnancy, birth and in the first month of life. In order to achieve the new mortality targets set out in the Sustainable Development Goals, there needs to be intentional efforts to maintain and accelerate action to end preventable maternal and newborn deaths and stillbirths. This paper outlines what progress is required to meet these new 2030 targets based on patterns of progress in the recent past; where the burden is the greatest; when to focus attention along the continuum of care; and what causes of death require concerted efforts...
October 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696523/alcohol-use-and-human-immunodeficiency-virus-hiv-infection-current-knowledge-implications-and-future-directions
#12
REVIEW
Emily C Williams, Judith A Hahn, Richard Saitz, Kendall Bryant, Marlene C Lira, Jeffrey H Samet
Alcohol use is common among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). In this narrative review, we describe literature regarding alcohol's impact on transmission, care, coinfections, and comorbidities that are common among people living with HIV (PLWH), as well as literature regarding interventions to address alcohol use and its influences among PLWH. This narrative review identifies alcohol use as a risk factor for HIV transmission, as well as a factor impacting the clinical manifestations and management of HIV...
October 2016: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694683/universal-health-coverage-the-critical-importance-of-global-solidarity-and-good-governance-comment-on-ethical-perspective-five-unacceptable-trade-offs-on-the-path-to-universal-health-coverage
#13
Andreas A Reis
This article provides a commentary to Ole Norheim' s editorial entitled "Ethical perspective: Five unacceptable trade-offs on the path to universal health coverage." It reinforces its message that an inclusive, participatory process is essential for ethical decision-making and underlines the crucial importance of good governance in setting fair priorities in healthcare. Solidarity on both national and international levels is needed to make progress towards the goal of universal health coverage (UHC).
June 7, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660168/national-institutes-of-health-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-late-effects-initiative-the-patient-centered-outcomes-working-group-report
#14
Margaret Bevans, Areej El-Jawahri, D Kathryn Tierney, Lori Wiener, William A Wood, Flora Hoodin, Erin E Kent, Paul B Jacobsen, Stephanie J Lee, Matthew M Hsieh, Ellen M Denzen, Karen L Syrjala
In 2015, the National Institutes of Health convened six working groups to address the research needs and best practices for late effects of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation survivors. The Patient-Centered Outcomes Working Group, charged with summarizing the HRQOL evidence base, used a scoping review approach to efficiently survey the large body of literature in adult and pediatric HCT survivors over 1 year after transplantation. The goals of this paper are to (1) summarize the current literature describing patient-centered outcomes in survivors, including the various dimensions of health-related quality of life affected by HCT, and describe interventions tested to improve these outcomes; (2) highlight areas with sufficient evidence allowing for integration into standard practice; (3) address methodological issues that restrict progress in this field; (4) identify major gaps to guide future research; and (5) specify priority research recommendations...
September 19, 2016: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642018/quality-maternity-care-for-every-woman-everywhere-a-call-to-action
#15
REVIEW
Marjorie Koblinsky, Cheryl A Moyer, Clara Calvert, James Campbell, Oona M R Campbell, Andrea B Feigl, Wendy J Graham, Laurel Hatt, Steve Hodgins, Zoe Matthews, Lori McDougall, Allisyn C Moran, Allyala K Nandakumar, Ana Langer
To improve maternal health requires action to ensure quality maternal health care for all women and girls, and to guarantee access to care for those outside the system. In this paper, we highlight some of the most pressing issues in maternal health and ask: what steps can be taken in the next 5 years to catalyse action toward achieving the Sustainable Development Goal target of less than 70 maternal deaths per 100 000 livebirths by 2030, with no single country exceeding 140? What steps can be taken to ensure that high-quality maternal health care is prioritised for every woman and girl everywhere? We call on all stakeholders to work together in securing a healthy, prosperous future for all women...
November 5, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634209/countdown-to-2015-country-case-studies-what-can-analysis-of-national-health-financing-contribute-to-understanding-mdg-4-and-5-progress
#16
Carlyn Mann, Courtney Ng, Nadia Akseer, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Josephine Borghi, Tim Colbourn, Patricia Hernández-Peña, Luis Huicho, Muhammad Ashar Malik, Melisa Martinez-Alvarez, Spy Munthali, Ahmad Shah Salehi, Mekonnen Tadesse, Mohammed Yassin, Peter Berman
BACKGROUND: Countdown to 2015 (Countdown) supported countries to produce case studies that examine how and why progress was made toward the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) 4 and 5. Analysing how health-financing data explains improvements in RMNCH outcomes was one of the components to the case studies. METHODS: This paper presents a descriptive analysis on health financing from six Countdown case studies (Afghanistan, Ethiopia, Malawi, Pakistan, Peru, and Tanzania), supplemented by additional data from global databases and country reports on macroeconomic, health financing, demographic, and RMNCH outcome data as needed...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633919/countdown-to-2015-country-case-studies-what-have-we-learned-about-processes-and-progress-towards-mdgs-4-and-5
#17
Corrina Moucheraud, Helen Owen, Neha S Singh, Courtney Kuonin Ng, Jennifer Requejo, Joy E Lawn, Peter Berman
BACKGROUND: Countdown to 2015 was a multi-institution consortium tracking progress towards Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) 4 and 5. Case studies to explore factors contributing to progress (or lack of progress) in reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health (RMNCH) were undertaken in: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, China, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Niger, Pakistan, Peru, and Tanzania. This paper aims to identify cross-cutting themes on how and why these countries achieved or did not achieve MDG progress...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600397/mapping-of-research-on-maternal-health-interventions-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-review-of-2292-publications-between-2000-and-2012
#18
Matthew Chersich, Duane Blaauw, Mari Dumbaugh, Loveday Penn-Kekana, Siphiwe Thwala, Leon Bijlmakers, Emily Vargas, Elinor Kern, Josephine Kavanagh, Ashar Dhana, Francisco Becerra-Posada, Langelihle Mlotshwa, Victor Becerril-Montekio, Priya Mannava, Stanley Luchters, Minh Duc Pham, Anayda Gerarda Portela, Helen Rees
BACKGROUND: Progress in achieving maternal health goals and the rates of reductions in deaths from individual conditions have varied over time and across countries. Assessing whether research priorities in maternal health align with the main causes of mortality, and those factors responsible for inequitable health outcomes, such as health system performance, may help direct future research. The study thus investigated whether the research done in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) matched the principal causes of maternal deaths in these settings...
2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595095/an-evaluation-of-the-national-malaria-surveillance-system-of-bhutan-2006-2012-as-it-approaches-the-goal-of-malaria-elimination
#19
Nicole West, Sonam Gyeltshen, Singye Dukpa, Kaveh Khoshnood, Sonam Tashi, Amanda Durante, Sunil Parikh
INTRODUCTION: Bhutan is progressing toward malaria elimination. The purpose of this evaluation was to assess the ability of the surveillance system from 2006 to 2012 to meet the objectives of the Bhutan Vector-borne Disease Control Program (VDCP) and to highlight priorities requiring attention as the nation transitions to elimination. METHODS: The evaluation was conducted using the Center for Disease Control guidelines for evaluating public health surveillance systems...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27592087/preventing-the-spread-of-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-and-protecting-contacts-of-infectious-cases
#20
G J Fox, H S Schaaf, A Mandalakas, E Chiappini, A Zumla, B J Marais
Prevention of multidrug-resistant and extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR/XDR-TB) is a top priority for global TB control, given the need to limit epidemic spread and considering the high cost, toxicity and poor treatment outcomes with available therapies. We performed a systematic literature review to evaluate the evidence for strategies to reduce MDR/XDR-TB transmission and disease progression. Rapid detection and timely initiation of effective treatment is critical to rendering MDR/XDR-TB cases non-infectious...
August 31, 2016: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
keyword
keyword
84107
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"