Read by QxMD icon Read

intergenerational relations

Joe Wark, Jo-Ann Vis
Research shows that child sexual abuse (CSA) can have detrimental effects on adult functioning. While much research regarding the effects of CSA on parenting of mothers is available, there is a dearth of information on how CSA impacts fatherhood. This literature review finds that the parenting experiences of male survivors are characterized by self-perceptions as adequate parents, deficient parenting as measured by standardized instruments, conceptualization of parenting as an intergenerational legacy and potential healing experience, fear of becoming an abuser, and physical and emotional distance from their children...
October 21, 2016: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
Kristian Heggebø
OBJECTIVE: Previous research has established that both ill health and minority status are associated with unemployment. Less is known, however, about the interplay between having ill health and being from minority background. The present study examines whether immigrants and descendants with ill health are particularly prone to unemployment during an economic downturn in Europe. DESIGN: The European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) cross-sectional data material is utilized, and linear probability models are estimated...
October 21, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
Hanna Gustafsson, Colleen Doyle, Michelle Gilchrist, Elizabeth Werner, Catherine Monk
The consequences of childhood maltreatment are profound and long lasting. Not only does the victim of abuse suffer as a child, but there is mounting evidence that a history of maltreatment places the next generation at risk for significant psychopathology. Research identifies postnatal factors as affecting this intergenerational transmission of trauma. However, emerging evidence suggests that part of this risk may be transmitted before birth, passed on via abuse-related alterations in the in utero environment that are as yet largely unidentified...
October 20, 2016: Development and Psychopathology
Michele M Many, Mindy E Kronenberg, Amy B Dickson
Reflective supervision is considered a key practice component for any infant mental health provider to work effectively with young children and their families. This article will provide a brief history and discussion of reflective supervision followed by a case study demonstrating the importance of reflective supervision in the context of child-parent psychotherapy (CPP; A.F. Lieberman, C. Ghosh Ippen, & P. Van Horn, ; A.F. Lieberman & P. Van Horn, , 2008). Given that CPP leverages the caregiver-child relationship as the mechanism for change in young children who have been impacted by stressors and traumas, primary objectives of CPP include assisting caregivers as they understand the meaning of their child's distress and improving the caregiver-child relationship to make it a safe and supportive space in which the child can heal...
October 19, 2016: Infant Mental Health Journal
Sheila E Crowell, Erin A Kaufman
Self-inflicted injury (SII) is a continuum of intentionally self-destructive behaviors, including nonsuicidal self-injuries, suicide attempts, and death by suicide. These behaviors are among the most pressing yet perplexing clinical problems, affecting males and females of every race, ethnicity, culture, socioeconomic status, and nearly every age. The complexity of these behaviors has spurred an immense literature documenting risk and vulnerability factors ranging from individual to societal levels of analysis...
November 2016: Development and Psychopathology
Kim Ashburn, Brad Kerner, Dickens Ojamuge, Rebecka Lundgren
Violence against women and violence against children in Uganda are recognized as significant public health concerns. Exposure to violence at home as a child can increase the likelihood of perpetrating or experiencing violence later in life. These two forms of violence share similar risk factors and often, but not always, co-occur at the household level. Parenting programs have shown promise in reducing physical child punishment. Targeting men has also been proven effective in transforming attitudes related to gender roles and expectations and intimate partner violence (IPV) against women...
October 13, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
Lawrence Doi, Andrew James Williams, John Frank
BACKGROUND: Adiposity rebound is considered critical to the development of overweight and obesity. The purpose of this study was to investigate how growth has changed in comparison to the UK 1990 BMI growth reference curves between the ages 4-8 years and identify any marked deviations in growth. We also examined potential maternal and child risk/protective factors associated with the altered growth patterns. METHODS: We used data from birth cohort 1 of the Growing Up in Scotland study...
October 13, 2016: BMC Public Health
Gadi Zerach, Yafit Levin, Roy Aloni, Zahava Solomon
Objectives: The aversive, long-term toll of war captivity and fathers' combat-induced posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms (PTSS) on adult offspring's mental health has been recently exemplified. However, studies that have examined the implication of PTSS of both fathers and mothers in the intergenerational transmission of trauma to offspring are still lacking. This prospective study assessed the unique and combined effects of former prisoners of war (ex-POWs) fathers' and mothers' PTSS in adult offspring's PTSS...
October 6, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
Andrée-Anne Bouvette-Turcot, Eva Unternaehrer, Hélène Gaudreau, John E Lydon, Meir Steiner, Michael J Meaney
BACKGROUND: We examined the interactive effects of maternal childhood adversity and later adulthood depression on subsequent socioeconomic status (SES). METHODS: Our community sample ranged from 230 to 243 mothers (across measures) drawn from a prospective, longitudinal cohort study. Maternal childhood adversity scores were derived using an integrated measure derived from the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) and the Parental Bonding Index (PBI). Maternal depression was measured in the prenatal period with the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D)...
August 16, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Owen Thompson
Researchers have found strong linkages between parent and child health, but the mechanisms underlying intergenerational health transmission are not well understood. This paper investigates how the importance of genetic health transmission mechanisms varies by environmental conditions in the case of pediatric asthma, the single most common chronic health condition among American children. Using a sample that includes approximately 2000 adoptees and a large number of similar biological families, I find that the relative importance of genetic transmission differs strongly by socioeconomic status (SES)...
September 15, 2016: Health Economics
Shelly Nicolai, Gadi Zerach, Zahava Solomon
OBJECTIVES: This prospective study aims to assess the role of fathers' posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms (PTSS), the course of these symptoms over the years, and the relationship between these symptoms and their adult offspring's own PTSS and level of differentiation of self. METHOD: A sample of 123 Israeli father-child dyads (79 ex-prisoners of war [ex-POWs] dyads and a comparison group of 44 veterans' dyads) completed self-report measures. The fathers participated in 2 waves of measurements (1991 and 2008), while the offspring took part in 2013-2014...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
Shani Gil, Orit Taubman-Ben-Ari, Tomer Toledo
This study examines the associations between fathers' driving styles, the family's general and driving-related atmosphere, and the young drivers' motivations, on one hand, and young males' driving styles, on the other. The 242 father and son pairs that participated in the study independently completed several self-report questionnaires at different points in time within the first year after licensure of the young drivers. A structural equation model (SEM) was developed, in which the contribution of fathers' driving style and their sons' perceptions of the general family relations, the family climate for road safety (FCRS), and costs and benefits of driving, to the driving styles of the young male drivers was examined...
September 9, 2016: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
John H Riskind, Claudio Sica, Gioia Bottesi, Marta Ghisi, Todd B Kashdan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Given that anxiety runs in families, it is critical to understand the cognitive factors that may be responsible for this intergenerational transmission. The present study offers a first step by exploring the link between mother and father tendencies to view potentially threatening situations as rapidly escalating toward dreaded outcomes (i.e., looming cognitive style) and the emotional disturbances and looming cognitive styles of their adult offspring. METHODS: We assessed cognitive vulnerabilities, anxiety, and depressive symptoms in a non-clinical sample (N = 382) of Italian college students and their parents...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
Joshua Page, John Nicholas Constantino, Katherine Zambrana, Eden Martin, Ilker Tunc, Yi Zhang, Anna Abbacchi, Daniel Messinger
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have indicated that quantitative autistic traits (QATs) of parents reflect inherited liabilities that may index background genetic risk for clinical autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in their offspring. Moreover, preferential mating for QATs has been observed as a potential factor in concentrating autistic liabilities in some families across generations. Heretofore, intergenerational studies of QATs have focused almost exclusively on Caucasian populations-the present study explored these phenomena in a well-characterized Hispanic population...
2016: Molecular Autism
Timothy J Classen, Owen Thompson
This paper compares the strength of intergenerational transmission of body mass index (BMI) and obesity in a sample of adoptees relative to a matched sample of biological children with similar observable characteristics. We find that BMI and obesity are strongly correlated among biological parent-child pairs, but there are no significant intergenerational associations in these health traits among adoptive parent-child pairs. The intergenerational elasticity of BMI for children to their parents is 0.2 in the matched biological sample, but indistinguishable from zero for adopted children with a standard error more than three times as large as the coefficient...
August 23, 2016: Economics and Human Biology
Njeri Kagotho, Alicia Bunger, Kristen Wagner
BACKGROUND: Problems with misallocation and redirection of critical resources and benefits intended for PLHIV are not uncommon in Kenya. This study explores corruption in Kenya's HIV response system and the implications for health outcomes from the perspective of people living with HIV (PLHIV). Although they might not be directly responsible for health care fund management, PLHIV and their advocacy efforts have been central to the development of HIV system response and they have a vested interest in ensuring proper governance...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
Michelle Pannor Silver, Sarah A Williams
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Some professions foster expectations that individuals cultivate their work identity above all other aspects of life. This can be problematic when individuals are confronted with the expectation that they will readily terminate this identity in later-career stages as institutions seek to cycle in new generations. This study examines the relationship between work identity and retirement by examining multiple generations of academic physicians. DESIGN AND METHODS: This study used a multimethod qualitative design that included document analysis, participant observation, focus groups, and in-depth interviews with academic physicians from one of the oldest departments of medicine in North America...
September 1, 2016: Gerontologist
C Hellmuth, K L Lindsay, O Uhl, C Buss, P D Wadhwa, B Koletzko, S Entringer
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Elevated pre-pregnancy BMI (pBMI) and excess gestational weight gain (GWG) constitute important prenatal exposures which may program adiposity and disease risk in offspring. The objective of this study is to investigate the influence of pBMI and GWG on the maternal metabolomic profile across pregnancy, and to identify associations with birthweight. SUBJECTS/METHODS: This is a longitudinal prospective study of 167 non-diabetic women carrying a singleton pregnancy...
August 29, 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Verônica B Brito, Leopoldo V M Nascimento, Ramiro B Nunes, Dinara J Moura, Pedro Dal Lago, Jenifer Saffi
Cancer treatment with Doxorubicin (DOX) is limited due its dose-dependent cardiotoxicity, mainly related to the oxidative stress production. In experimental models of DOX treatment exercise can be used as a beneficial adjuvant therapy. This work aimed to investigate the effects of exercise during pregnancy on DOX-induced cardiotoxicity in cardiomyocytes of progeny, examining the possible intergenerational cardioprotective effects of maternal exercise. For this purpose pregnant rats were divided in control and exercise groups and pre-treated during gestational days...
August 10, 2016: Toxicology
(no author information available yet)
'..self-reported oral health by the age of 38 y... is influenced by intergenerational factors and various aspects of our beliefs, socioeconomic position, dental attendance, and self-care, which operate over the years since childhood.'
August 26, 2016: British Dental Journal
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"