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intergenerational relations

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228149/fasciolopsis-buski-digenea-fasciolidae-from-china-and-india-may-represent-distinct-taxa-based-on-mitochondrial-and-nuclear-ribosomal-dna-sequences
#1
Jun Ma, Miao-Miao Sun, Jun-Jun He, Guo-Hua Liu, Lin Ai, Mu-Xin Chen, Xing-Quan Zhu
BACKGROUND: Fasciolopsis buski is a zoonotic intestinal fluke infecting humans and pigs, but it has been seriously neglected. It is yet to know whether there is any genetic diversity among F. buski from different geographical locations, particularly in sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA (rDNA) and mitochondrial (mt) DNA. Therefore, we determined the sequences of partial 18S, the complete internal transcribed spacer (ITS) rDNA and the complete mt genome of F. buski from China, compared the rDNA and mtDNA sequences with those of isolates from India and Vietnam, and assessed the phylogenetic relationships of this fluke and related fasciolid trematodes based on the mtDNA dataset...
February 22, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191632/from-fathers-to-sons-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-parenting-behavior-among-african-american-young-men
#2
Geoffrey L Brown, Steven M Kogan, Jihyoung Kim
This study examined the intergenerational transmission of fathering among young, African American fathers in rural communities. A sample of 132 African American young men living in the rural South reported on the quality of their relationship with their biological and social fathers in the family of origin, their own involvement with their young children, and relational schemas of close, intimate relationships. Results of path analyses supported the hypothesized mediational model, such that a better relationship with one's biological (but not social) father predicted increased father involvement in the next generation, and this association was partially mediated through positive relational schema after controlling for a range of covariates...
February 13, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182144/-what-are-my-chances-of-developing-copd-if-one-of-my-parents-has-the-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-prevalence-of-co-occurrence-of-copd-diagnosis-in-parents-and-offspring
#3
REVIEW
Lok Sze Katrina Li, Catherine Paquet, Kylie Johnston, Marie T Williams
INTRODUCTION: Intergenerational associations in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have been well recognized and may result from genetic, gene environment, or exposure to life course factors. Consequently, adult offspring of parents with COPD may be at a greater risk of developing COPD. The aim of this study was to review the prevalence of co-occurrence of COPD in adult offspring with one or both parents having COPD independent of specific genetic variations. METHODS: In total, five databases were searched for original studies in which prevalence of COPD was reported in both offspring (children) and one or both parents...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170406/youth-as-contested-sites-of-culture-the-intergenerational-acculturation-gap-amongst-new-migrant-communities-parental-and-young-adult-perspectives
#4
Andre M N Renzaho, Nidhi Dhingra, Nichole Georgeou
BACKGROUND: Immigration often results in changes in family dynamics, and within this process of dynamic relational adjustment youth can be conceptualised as contested sites of culture and associated intergenerational conflicts. This paper considers the experiences of migrant youth in Greater Western Sydney, New South Wales, Australia using conflict as a useful lens through which to view issues of migrant youth identity and their sense of social connectedness, belonging, and agency. The aim of this study was twofold: 1) to explore how migrant youth cope with acculturative stress and intergenerational conflicts, and 2) to better understand the systemic and family-related factors that facilitate positive settlement experiences for migrant youth...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165860/emotional-mimicry-of-older-adults-expressions-effects-of-partial-inclusion-in-a-cyberball-paradigm
#5
Isabell Hühnel, Janka Kuszynski, Jens B Asendorpf, Ursula Hess
As intergenerational interactions increase due to an ageing population, the study of emotion-related responses to the elderly is increasingly relevant. Previous research found mixed results regarding affective mimicry - a measure related to liking and affiliation. In the current study, we investigated emotional mimicry to younger and older actors following an encounter with a younger and older player in a Cyberball game. In a complete exclusion condition, in which both younger and older players excluded the participant, we expected emotional mimicry to be stronger for younger vs...
February 6, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143442/factors-associated-with-older-people-s-long-term-care-needs-a-case-study-adopting-the-expanded-version-of-the-anderson-model-in-china
#6
Yuan Yuan Fu, Yu Guo, Xue Bai, Ernest Wing Tak Chui
BACKGROUND: Alongside changes in society and the economy, the family's function of taking care of older people is weakening and the formal care mode is becoming more accepted. Older Chinese people are facing diverse choices of long-term care (LTC) modes. Acknowledging this situation, to optimize older people's arrangements for LTC services and improve quality of later life, this study sets out to explore and make theoretical sense of older people's LTC needs and to identify the factors influencing their LTC needs...
January 31, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129572/intergenerational-transmission-of-disordered-eating-direct-and-indirect-maternal-communication-among-grandmothers-mothers-and-daughters
#7
Analisa Arroyo, Chris Segrin, Kristin K Andersen
The current study explored disordered eating (i.e., dieting, bulimia and food preoccupation, and oral control) among grandmothers, their daughters, and their granddaughters, and also explored specific direct (i.e., maternal commentary) and indirect (i.e., maternal modeling) communication behaviors as mechanisms by which disordered eating is intergenerationally transmitted. A sample of 242 grandmother-mother-daughter triads provided self-reports of their own disordered eating and perceptions of their mothers' weight-related behaviors...
January 24, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094059/alteration-of-methylation-status-in-the-atxn3-gene-promoter-region-is-linked-to-the-sca3-mjd
#8
Chunrong Wang, Huirong Peng, Jiada Li, Dongxue Ding, Zhao Chen, Zhe Long, Yun Peng, Xin Zhou, Wei Ye, Kai Li, Qian Xu, Sanxi Ai, Chengyuan Song, Ling Weng, Rong Qiu, Kun Xia, Beisha Tang, Hong Jiang
DNA methylation has been acknowledged as one of the key epigenetic mechanisms involved in the regulation of gene expression and genomic functions. Alteration of the DNA methylation level has been linked to modification of the disease progression and instability regulation of certain disease-causing repeats in neurodegenerative diseases. In this study, blood samples collected from spinocerebellar ataxia type 3/Machado-Joseph disease (SCA3/MJD) patients versus control were used to explore the potential link of DNA methylation levels at ATXN3 gene promoter to the pathogenesis of SCA3/MJD...
December 24, 2016: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089871/parents-childhood-socioeconomic-circumstances-are-associated-with-their-children-s-asthma-outcomes
#9
Edith Chen, Madeleine U Shalowitz, Rachel E Story, Katherine B Ehrlich, Erika M Manczak, Paula J Ham, Van Le, Gregory E Miller
BACKGROUND: Previous literature documents associations between low socioeconomic status (SES) and poor health outcomes, including asthma. However, this literature has largely focused on the effects of current family circumstances. OBJECTIVE: We sought to test an intergenerational hypothesis, that the childhood SES that parents experience will be associated with asthma outcomes in their children, independent of effects of current family SES. Second, we aimed to test whether this association is in part due to difficulties in current parent-child relationships...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068931/self-perceived-uselessness-and-associated-factors-among-older-adults-in-china
#10
Yuan Zhao, Jessica M Sautter, Li Qiu, Danan Gu
BACKGROUND: Self-perceived uselessness is associated with poor health and high mortality among older adults in China. However, it is unclear which demographic, psychosocial, behavioral and health factors are associated with self-perceived uselessness. METHODS: Data came from four waves (2005, 2008, 2011 and 2014) of the largest nationwide longitudinal survey of the population aged 65 and older in China (26,624 individuals contributed 48,476 observations). This study aimed to systematically investigate factors associated with self-perceived uselessness based on the proposed REHAB framework that includes resources (R), environments (E), health (H), fixed attributes (A) and behaviors (B)...
January 9, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063011/the-unequal-consequences-of-mass-incarceration-for-children
#11
Kristin Turney
A growing literature has documented the mostly deleterious intergenerational consequences of paternal incarceration, but less research has considered heterogeneity in these relationships. In this article, I use data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (N = 3,065) to estimate the heterogeneous relationship between paternal incarceration and children's problem behaviors (internalizing behaviors, externalizing behaviors, and early juvenile delinquency) and cognitive skills (reading comprehension, math comprehension, and verbal ability) in middle childhood...
February 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025859/negotiations-of-blame-and-care-among-hiv-positive-mothers-and-daughters-in-south-africa-s-eastern-cape
#12
Beth Vale
Research delineates two epidemiological categories among HIV-positive adolescents: those who contract the virus sexually and those who inherit it as infants. In this article, I am interested in how tacit inferences about adolescents' mode of infection contribute to their experiences of HIV-related blame, and their ability to achieve care, in their intimate, everyday settings. The analysis arises from ethnographic research with 23 HIV-positive adolescents living in South Africa's Eastern Cape. From these, I draw particularly on the narratives of four HIV-positive teenage girls and their HIV-positive mothers...
December 26, 2016: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011411/call-to-action-a-new-path-for-improving-diabetes-care-for-indigenous-peoples-a-global-review
#13
REVIEW
Stewart B Harris, Jordan W Tompkins, Braden TeHiwi
Diabetes has reached epidemic proportions in Indigenous populations around the globe, and there is an urgent need to improve the health and health equity of Indigenous peoples with diabetes through timely and appropriate diabetes prevention and management strategies. This review describes the evolution of the diabetes epidemic in Indigenous populations and associated risk factors, highlighting gestational diabetes and intergenerational risk, lifestyle risk factors and social determinants as having particular importance and impact on Indigenous peoples...
January 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004614/disrupting-intergenerational-continuity-in-harsh-parenting-self-control-and-a-supportive-partner
#14
Thomas J Schofield, Rand D Conger, Kathi J Conger
Harsh, abusive, and rejecting behavior by parents toward their children is associated with increased risk for many developmental problems for youth. Children raised by harsh parents are also more likely to treat their own children harshly. The present study addresses conditions that would break this intergenerational cycle of harsh parenting. Data come from a three-generation study of a cohort of 290 adolescents (Generation 2 [G2], 52% female) grown to adulthood and their parents (Generation 1 [G1]). During adolescence, observers rated G1 harsh parenting to G2...
December 22, 2016: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999991/the-impact-of-perceived-need-and-relational-factors-on-mental-health-service-use-among-generations-of-asian-americans
#15
Minsun Lee, David Takeuchi, Zvi Gellis, Philip Kendall, Lin Zhu, Shanyang Zhao, Grace X Ma
The present study examined generational differences in the patterns and predictors of formal and informal mental health service utilization among a nationally representative sample of 1850 Asian Americans from the National Latino and Asian American Study. We focused on the effects of perceived need and relational factors on service utilization among 1st-, 1.5-, and 2nd-generation Asian Americans. Results of hierarchical logistic regression showed significant intergenerational differences. Specifically, 1.5-generation Asian Americans exhibited distinctive pattern of service use, with perceived need being associated with a higher likelihood of using formal mental health services, but only for those with high level of social support...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998895/elder-mistreatment-among-chinese-american-families-do-acculturation-and-traditionalism-matter
#16
Xiang Gao, Fei Sun, David R Hodge
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the effect of acculturation and Chinese traditionalism on elder mistreatment (EM) among Chinese American older adults. METHOD: We used a mixed method design in this 2-phase cross-sectional exploratory study conducted in the Phoenix metropolitan area. In Phase I, we conducted four focus groups to develop a culturally relevant EM assessment tool. In Phase II, we administered a survey incorporating this tool to 266 community-dwelling Chinese American older adults aged 60 and older...
December 20, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997292/intergenerational-care-perceptions-of-older-women-and-middle-adolescents-in-a-resource-constrained-community-in-south-africa
#17
Vera Roos, Sonia Oosthuizen, Tonette De Jager
This study describes intergenerational care perceptions in a resource-challenged community. Ten women (aged 60+) and eight middle adolescents (3 boys and 5 girls) participated in the Mmogo-method®, a visual data-collection method. Textual data were analyzed thematically and visual data by applying steps proposed by Roos and Redelinghuys (2016). Findings confirmed that both groups provided physical and instrumental care to the other. Older women also cared for adolescents by teaching and disciplining them, while the adolescents cared for older people by obtaining an education and by showing respect...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987491/the-intergenerational-transmission-of-body-mass-index-across-countries
#18
Peter Dolton, Mimi Xiao
There is a worldwide epidemic of obesity. We are just beginning to understand its consequences for child obesity. This paper addresses one important component of the crisis; namely the extent to which adiposity, or more specifically, BMI, is passed down from one generation to the next. We find that the intergenerational elasticity of BMI is very similar across countries and relatively constant - at 0.2 per parent. Our substantive finding is that this elasticity is very comparable across time and countries - even if these countries are at very different stages of economic development...
November 24, 2016: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981160/a-brief-encounter-with-the-middle-east-a-narrative-of-one-muslim-woman-diagnosed-with-breast-cancer
#19
Lea Baider, Gil Goldzweig
One of the major challenges the healthcare profession face is understanding the variability and different meanings of the concepts of age and aging within different cultural, social, religious, and ethical contexts. People over the age of 65 in the Middle Eastern countries are estimated to comprise 4.7% of the population and are expected to grow rapidly. In the Middle East, cancer is the leading cause of death among women aged 40-79 and one of the leading causes of death for women over 70 years of age. Many women in the Middle East live within a system of religious values and moral perceptions based on an intergenerational family structure and clear family roles...
April 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979970/intergenerational-social-mobility-and-leisure-time-physical-activity-in-adulthood-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Ahmed Elhakeem, Rebecca Hardy, David Bann, Rishi Caleyachetty, Theodore D Cosco, Richard Pg Hayhoe, Stella G Muthuri, Rebecca Wilson, Rachel Cooper
AIM: To systematically review the association between intergenerational social mobility and leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) in adulthood, in order to assess all published evidence relating to the hypothesis that adults socially mobile between childhood and adulthood will have different levels of LTPA than those in the same socioeconomic group across life. METHODS: A systematic review was carried out following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
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