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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909834/effects-of-maternal-health-anxiety-on-children-s-health-complaints-emotional-symptoms-and-quality-of-life
#1
Mette Viller Thorgaard, Lisbeth Frostholm, Lynn S Walker, Kristian Stengaard-Pedersen, Mads Münster Karlsson, Jens Søndergaard Jensen, Per Fink, Charlotte Ulrikka Rask
Little is known about family risk factors and intergenerational transmission of psychological disturbance in the development of health anxiety (HA). This study investigated HA and related concepts in 8- to 17-year-old children who had been exposed to different maternal health status. Using a family case-control design, three family groups were included: (1) 50 case children of mothers with severe (HA); (2) 49 control children of mothers with rheumatoid arthritis (RA); and (3) 51 control children of healthy mothers...
December 1, 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894303/integrated-agriculture-programs-to-address-malnutrition-in-northern-malawi
#2
Rachel Bezner Kerr, Emmanuel Chilanga, Hanson Nyantakyi-Frimpong, Isaac Luginaah, Esther Lupafya
BACKGROUND: In countries where the majority of undernourished people are smallholder farmers, there has been interest in agricultural interventions to improve nutritional outcomes. Addressing gender inequality, however, is a key mechanism by which agriculture can improve nutrition, since women often play a crucial role in farming, food processing and child care, but have limited decision-making and control over agricultural resources. This study examines the approaches by which gender equity in agrarian, resource-poor settings can be improved using a case study in Malawi...
November 28, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885962/parental-history-of-moderate-to-severe-infantile-malnutrition-is-associated-with-cognitive-deficits-in-their-adult-offspring
#3
Deborah P Waber, Cyralene P Bryce, Jonathan M Girard, Laura K Fischer, Garrett M Fitzmaurice, Janina R Galler
OBJECTIVES: We compared the IQ and academic achievement of the young adult offspring of parents malnourished in infancy and those of a healthy control group in order to test the hypothesis that the offspring of previously malnourished individuals would show IQ and academic deficits that could be related to reduced parental socioeconomic status. METHODS: We conducted a group comparison study based on a community sample in Barbados (Barbados Nutrition Study). Participants were adult children ≥16 years of age whose parents had been malnourished during the first year of life (n = 64; Mean age 19...
November 25, 2016: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880620/a-relational-model-for-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-captivity-trauma-a-23-year-longitudinal-study
#4
Gadi Zerach, Zahava Solomon
OBJECTIVES: The aversive, long-term toll of war captivity and fathers' combat-induced posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) on adult offspring's secondary traumatization (ST) has been recently exemplified. However, the study of potential mechanisms of the intergenerational transmission of trauma to offspring is still lacking. This prospective study aimed to assess the role of fathers' PTSD symptoms (PTSS), paternal parenting, and adult offspring's attachment insecurities in adult offspring's PTSS...
2016: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876818/identification-and-characterization-of-5-ccg-interruptions-in-complex-dmpk-expanded-alleles
#5
Annalisa Botta, Giulia Rossi, Marzia Marcaurelio, Luana Fontana, Maria Rosaria D'Apice, Francesco Brancati, Roberto Massa, Darren G Monckton, Federica Sangiuolo, Giuseppe Novelli
Myotonic dystrophy type 1 is a multisystemic autosomal dominant disorder caused by the expansion of (CTG) n triplets in the 3'UTR of the DMPK gene, on chromosome 19q13.3. In the last years, few DM1 patients with different patterns of CCG/CTC interruptions at the 3' end of the DMPK expanded tract have been described. However, the role of these interruptions in DM1 pathogenesis is still unclear. To study the frequency, stability and the structure of DMPK variant expanded alleles in the Italian population, we have re-evaluated 254 Italian DM1 patients using triplet-primed PCR (TP-PCR), at both the 3' and 5' ends of the CTG expansion...
November 23, 2016: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876231/paternal-preconception-alcohol-exposure-imparts-intergenerational-alcohol-related-behaviors-to-male-offspring-on-a-pure-c57bl-6j-background
#6
Gregory R Rompala, Andrey Finegersh, Michelle Slater, Gregg E Homanics
While alcohol use disorder (AUD) is a highly heritable condition, the basis of AUD in families with a history of alcoholism is difficult to explain by genetic variation alone. Emerging evidence suggests that parental experience prior to conception can impact inheritance of complex behaviors in offspring via non-genomic (epigenetic) mechanisms. For instance, male C57BL/6J (B6) mice exposed to chronic intermittent vapor ethanol (CIE) prior to mating with Strain 129S1/SvImJ ethanol-naïve females produce male offspring with reduced ethanol drinking preference, increased ethanol sensitivity, and increased BDNF expression in the ventral tegmental area (VTA)...
November 5, 2016: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876052/implementing-the-united-kingdom-s-ten-year-teenage-pregnancy-strategy-for-england-1999-2010-how-was-this-done-and-what-did-it-achieve
#7
Alison Hadley, Roger Ingham, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli
BACKGROUND: In 1999, the UK Labour Government launched a 10-year Teenage Pregnancy Strategy for England to address the country's historically high rates and reduce social exclusion. The goal was to halve the under-18 conception rate. This study explores how the strategy was designed and implemented, and the features that contributed to its success. METHODS: This study was informed by examination of the detailed documentation of the strategy, published throughout its 10-year implementation...
November 22, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871124/introducing-technology-for-thriving-in-residential-long-term-care
#8
Elisabeth Østensen, Edith Roth Gjevjon, Tone Øderud, Anne Moen
PURPOSE: To present an emerging innovative care model that supports participation and thriving by older adults in residential care, by introduction to new technology and mobilizing volunteer services. DESIGN: Qualitative, exploratory study, introducing tablet computers to 15 older adults in two municipalities. METHODS: The intervention encompassed weekly workshops over the course of 1 year with volunteer adolescents as personal tutors. Observations of workshops, interviews with nurses, and repeated semistructured interviews with older adult participants eliciting their perspective on use, experiences, perceived usefulness, and overall evaluation of the intervention...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859442/couple-forgiveness-and-its-moderating-role-in-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-veterans-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms
#9
Xiao Zhou, Yafit Levin, Jacob Y Stein, Gadi Zerach, Zahava Solomon
This study examined the moderating effect couple forgiveness (as perceived by the wives/mothers) may have on the intergenerational transmission of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) among families of combat veterans and former prisoners of war (ex-POWs). The sample included 123 (79 ex-POWs and 44 control combatants) Israeli father-mother-adult offspring triads. Self-report measures were administered at 2008 to veterans, at 2010-2011 to wives, and at 2013-2014 to offspring. The findings indicated that ex-POWs' PTSS were positively related to their offspring's PTSS, while couple forgiveness buffered this effect, particularly, and detrimentally, when couple forgiveness was low...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843387/proneotermes-macondianus-a-new-drywood-termite-from-colombia-and-expanded-distribution-of-proneotermes-in-the-neotropics-isoptera-kalotermitidae
#10
Robin Casalla, Rudolf H Scheffrahn, Judith Korb
After more than one hundred years, a new drywood termite of the genus Proneotermes is described from the tropical dry forest in the Caribbean coast of Colombia. Morphological and genetic analyses are given for Proneotermes macondianussp. n. This termite occurs in tropical dry forests in small colonies inside thin branches of dry wood. The soldier of Proneotermes macondianus is smaller and the genal horns are angled outward compared to the other two described Proneotermes species. The imago wings are unusually short and wide...
2016: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836569/child-height-and-intergenerational-transmission-of-health-evidence-from-ethnic-indians-in-england
#11
Caterina Alacevich, Alessandro Tarozzi
A large literature documents a widespread prevalence of small stature among Indian children as well as adults. We show that a height gap relative to a richer population such as whites in England also exists, although substantially reduced, among adult immigrants of Indian ethnicity in England. This is despite positive height selection into migration, demonstrated by ethnic Indian adults in England being on average 6-7cm taller than in India. However, the difference between natives and ethnic Indians in England disappears among their younger sons and daughters, although it re-appears among adolescents...
October 24, 2016: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836305/age-at-menarche-and-risk-of-major-cardiovascular-diseases-evidence-of-birth-cohort-effects-from-a-prospective-study-of-300-000-chinese-women
#12
Ling Yang, Liming Li, Iona Y Millwood, Sanne A E Peters, Yiping Chen, Yu Guo, Zheng Bian, Xiaofang Chen, Lingli Chen, Shixian Feng, Silu Lv, Zhigang Pang, Mark Woodward, Zhengming Chen
BACKGROUND: Previous studies of mostly Western women have reported inconsistent findings on the association between age at menarche and risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Little is known about the association in China where there has been a large intergenerational decrease in women's mean age at menarche. METHODS: The China Kadoorie Biobank recruited 302,632 women aged 30-79 (mean 50.5)years in 2004-8 from 10 diverse regional sites across China. During 7years follow-up, 14,111 incident cases of stroke, 14,093 of coronary heart disease (CHD), and 3200 CVD deaths were reported among 281,491 women who had no prior history of CVD at baseline...
November 4, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816926/a-mother-s-gift-of-life-exploring-the-concerns-and-ethical-aspects-of-fertility-preservation-for-mother-to-daughter-oocyte-donation
#13
REVIEW
E M E Balkenende, W Dondorp, M C Ploem, C B Lambalk, M Goddijn, F Mol
With the introduction of oocyte vitrification, a special form of intergenerational intrafamilial medically assisted reproduction (IMAR) has now become feasible: fertility preservation for mother-to-daughter oocyte donation (FPMDD). For girls diagnosed with premature ovarian insufficiency (POI), banking of their mothers' oocytes can preserve the option of having genetically related offspring. Since policy documents on IMAR do not discuss specific concerns raised by FPMDD, clinicians can feel at a loss for guidance with regard to handling these requests...
November 5, 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814961/experiential-avoidance-in-the-vulnerability-to-depression-among-adolescent-females
#14
William Mellick, Salome Vanwoerden, Carla Sharp
BACKGROUND: Although various mechanisms in the maternal transmission of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) have been investigated, it is unknown whether experiential avoidance (EA) is a vulnerability factor in the development of depression or a consequence of the illness. The present study utilized a high-risk design to determine if EA indeed poses vulnerability to adolescent MDD. Secondly, we examined the means by which adolescent EA may come to pose vulnerability, namely that it explains the relation between maternal EA and adolescent depressive symptoms...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795577/call-home-mobile-phones-and-contacts-with-mother-in-24-countries
#15
Zoya Gubernskaya, Judith Treas
This paper explores how the diffusion of mobile phones is associated with communication between adult children and their mothers. The paper analyzes 2001 International Social Survey Program (ISSP) data from 24 countries (N = 12,313) combined with the country-level data on the prevalence of mobile phones. Net of individual-level predictors and country wealth, adult children who resided in countries with high prevalence of mobile phones contacted their mothers more frequently. High prevalence of mobile phones was also associated with larger differences in maternal contact by gender and smaller differences by education...
October 2016: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793858/timing-of-rapid-diversification-and-convergent-origins-of-active-pollination-within-agavoideae-asparagaceae
#16
Michael R McKain, Joel R McNeal, P Roxanne Kellar, Luis E Eguiarte, J Chris Pires, Jim Leebens-Mack
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Yucca species are ideal candidates for the study of coevolution due to the obligate mutualism they form with yucca moth pollinators (genera Tegeticula and Parategeticula). Yuccas are not the only species to exhibit a mutualism with yucca moths; the genus Hesperoyucca is pollinated by the California yucca moth (Tegeticula maculata). Relationships among yuccas, Hesperoyucca, and other members of subfamily Agavoideae are necessary to understand the evolution of this unique pollination syndrome...
October 2016: American Journal of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770031/effects-of-child-sexual-abuse-on-the-parenting-of-male-survivors
#17
Joe Wark, Jo-Ann Vis
Research shows that child sexual abuse (CSA) can have detrimental effects on adult functioning. While much research regarding the effects of CSA on parenting of mothers is available, there is a dearth of information on how CSA impacts fatherhood. This literature review finds that the parenting experiences of male survivors are characterized by self-perceptions as adequate parents, deficient parenting as measured by standardized instruments, conceptualization of parenting as an intergenerational legacy and potential healing experience, fear of becoming an abuser, and physical and emotional distance from their children...
October 21, 2016: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764954/are-immigrants-and-descendants-with-ill-health-more-prone-to-unemployment-evidence-from-18-european-countries
#18
Kristian Heggebø
OBJECTIVE: Previous research has established that both ill health and minority status are associated with unemployment. Less is known, however, about the interplay between having ill health and being from minority background. The present study examines whether immigrants and descendants with ill health are particularly prone to unemployment during an economic downturn in Europe. DESIGN: The European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) cross-sectional data material is utilized, and linear probability models are estimated...
October 21, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760572/maternal-abuse-history-and-reduced-fetal-heart-rate-variability-abuse-related-sleep-disturbance-is-a-mediator
#19
Hanna Gustafsson, Colleen Doyle, Michelle Gilchrist, Elizabeth Werner, Catherine Monk
The consequences of childhood maltreatment are profound and long lasting. Not only does the victim of abuse suffer as a child, but there is mounting evidence that a history of maltreatment places the next generation at risk for significant psychopathology. Research identifies postnatal factors as affecting this intergenerational transmission of trauma. However, emerging evidence suggests that part of this risk may be transmitted before birth, passed on via abuse-related alterations in the in utero environment that are as yet largely unidentified...
October 20, 2016: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759169/creating-a-nest-of-emotional-safety-reflective-supervision-in-a-child-parent-psychotherapy-case
#20
Michele M Many, Mindy E Kronenberg, Amy B Dickson
Reflective supervision is considered a key practice component for any infant mental health provider to work effectively with young children and their families. This article will provide a brief history and discussion of reflective supervision followed by a case study demonstrating the importance of reflective supervision in the context of child-parent psychotherapy (CPP; A.F. Lieberman, C. Ghosh Ippen, & P. Van Horn, ; A.F. Lieberman & P. Van Horn, , 2008). Given that CPP leverages the caregiver-child relationship as the mechanism for change in young children who have been impacted by stressors and traumas, primary objectives of CPP include assisting caregivers as they understand the meaning of their child's distress and improving the caregiver-child relationship to make it a safe and supportive space in which the child can heal...
November 2016: Infant Mental Health Journal
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