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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339638/the-impact-of-older-parents-pain-symptoms-on-adult-children
#1
Karl Pillemer, Catherine Riffin, J Jill Suitor, Siyun Peng, M C Reid
Objective. : Not only is persistent pain a debilitating health problem for older adults, it also may have negative effects on family relationships. Studies have documented the effects of pain on spouses and on parents of young children. However, research has not extended this line of inquiry to later life, and specifically to the impact of older parents' pain symptoms on adult children. This study addresses the question: Does older mothers' pain affect the quality of relations with offspring? Subjects and Design...
February 16, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329807/are-you-sleeping-dyadic-associations-of-support-stress-and-worries-regarding-adult-children-on-sleep
#2
Amber J Seidel, Jeremy B Yorgason, Courtney A Polenick, Steven H Zarit, Karen L Fingerman
Purpose of the study: Sleep is a key factor in maintaining positive health and well-being throughout life. Although the negative outcomes of sleep problems are becoming better understood, less is known about how intergenerational relationships might affect sleep. Thus, this investigation examines the dyadic associations of support for, stress over, and worrying about adult children on sleep quality for husbands and wives. Design and Methods: The sample included 186 heterosexual married couples drawn from the Family Exchanges Study...
January 24, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327574/from-older-to-younger-intergenerational-promotion-of-health-behaviours-in-portuguese-families-affected-by-familial-amyloid-polyneuropathy
#3
Carla Roma Oliveira, Alvaro Mendes, Liliana Sousa
The role of older generations in families with hereditary diseases has been recognised and associated to their function as guardians of the family's medical history. However, research is scarce in examining the roles that older generations play in terms of health promotion and risk management towards younger generations, which is particularly evident with incurable genetically inherited disorders such as familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP) ATTR Val30Met. This qualitative exploratory study examines the roles that older generations play towards younger generations, in terms of health promotion and risk management, in families with FAP...
March 22, 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315158/childhood-family-structure-and-intergenerational-income-mobility-in-the-united-states
#4
Deirdre Bloome
The declining prevalence of two-parent families helped increase income inequality over recent decades. Does family structure also condition how economic (dis)advantages pass from parents to children? If so, shifts in the organization of family life may contribute to enduring inequality between groups defined by childhood family structure. Using National Longitudinal Survey of Youth data, I combine parametric and nonparametric methods to reveal how family structure moderates intergenerational income mobility in the United States...
March 17, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314172/the-risk-of-cancer-in-the-offspring-and-parental-length-of-life
#5
Ruby Del Risco Kollerud, Karl Gerhard Blaasaas, Bjørgulf Claussen, Bente Oftedal, Øyvind Næss
BACKGROUND: We investigated if cancer onset in offspring is related to having short-lived parents for different cancer types and to see if there was a difference in smoking- and non-smoking related cancers. METHODS: Our study included 524,391 individuals born in Norway 1940-1950. All children were followed up for cancer from the age of 20 until they were between 59 and 69 years. Parental longevity was examined by grouping parental age of death into parents dying before 75 years of age and parents dying at 75 years of age or older...
March 14, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287753/parental-educational-attainment-and-adult-offspring-personality-an-intergenerational-life-span-approach-to-the-origin-of-adult-personality-traits
#6
Angelina R Sutin, Martina Luchetti, Yannick Stephan, Richard W Robins, Antonio Terracciano
Why do some individuals have more self-control or are more vulnerable to stress than others? Where do these basic personality traits come from? Although a fundamental question in personality, more is known about how traits are related to important life outcomes than their developmental origins. The present research took an intergenerational life span approach to address whether a significant aspect of the childhood environment-parental educational attainment-was associated with offspring personality traits in adulthood...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271440/global-white-matter-microstructural-abnormalities-associated-with-addiction-liability-score-in-drug-na%C3%A3-ve-youth
#7
Leslie Hulvershorn, Tom Hummer, Yu-Chien Wu, Ralph Tarter, Parker Rea, Amit Anand, R Andrew Chambers, Peter Finn
Abnormalities in brain white matter (WM) structure have been reported in youths having a family history of substance use disorders (SUDs). It was hypothesized that these abnormalities constitute features of the liability for SUDs transmitted across generations. The association between severity of intergenerational risk for SUD, measured by the Transmissible Liability Index (TLI), and white matter microstructure was examined. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) measured WM microstructure in forty-four drug-naïve 10-14 year-olds (N = 19 with parental SUD)...
March 7, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261821/a-contextual-therapy-framework-for-mft-educators-facilitating-trustworthy-asymmetrical-training-relationships
#8
Michael E Sude, Laura Eubanks Gambrel
This article provides a conceptual framework for asymmetrical relationships between family therapy educators and trainees. Our framework is based on contextual family therapy, and we apply the concepts of trust, entitlement, self-validation, and loyalty to training relationships. We highlight the value of educators modeling responsible uses of power in addition to teaching trainees clinical concepts and skills. We propose that training can be a process where trainers earn constructive entitlement through their interactions with trainees, who then give to future clients, supervisees, and trainees to continue the cycle of intergenerational trustworthiness...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228149/fasciolopsis-buski-digenea-fasciolidae-from-china-and-india-may-represent-distinct-taxa-based-on-mitochondrial-and-nuclear-ribosomal-dna-sequences
#9
Jun Ma, Miao-Miao Sun, Jun-Jun He, Guo-Hua Liu, Lin Ai, Mu-Xin Chen, Xing-Quan Zhu
BACKGROUND: Fasciolopsis buski is a zoonotic intestinal fluke infecting humans and pigs, but it has been seriously neglected. It is yet to know whether there is any genetic diversity among F. buski from different geographical locations, particularly in sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA (rDNA) and mitochondrial (mt) DNA. Therefore, we determined the sequences of partial 18S, the complete internal transcribed spacer (ITS) rDNA and the complete mt genome of F. buski from China, compared the rDNA and mtDNA sequences with those of isolates from India and Vietnam, and assessed the phylogenetic relationships of this fluke and related fasciolid trematodes based on the mtDNA dataset...
February 22, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191632/from-fathers-to-sons-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-parenting-behavior-among-african-american-young-men
#10
Geoffrey L Brown, Steven M Kogan, Jihyoung Kim
This study examined the intergenerational transmission of fathering among young, African American fathers in rural communities. A sample of 132 African American young men living in the rural South reported on the quality of their relationship with their biological and social fathers in the family of origin, their own involvement with their young children, and relational schemas of close, intimate relationships. Results of path analyses supported the hypothesized mediational model, such that a better relationship with one's biological (but not social) father predicted increased father involvement in the next generation, and this association was partially mediated through positive relational schema after controlling for a range of covariates...
February 13, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182144/-what-are-my-chances-of-developing-copd-if-one-of-my-parents-has-the-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-prevalence-of-co-occurrence-of-copd-diagnosis-in-parents-and-offspring
#11
REVIEW
Lok Sze Katrina Li, Catherine Paquet, Kylie Johnston, Marie T Williams
INTRODUCTION: Intergenerational associations in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have been well recognized and may result from genetic, gene environment, or exposure to life course factors. Consequently, adult offspring of parents with COPD may be at a greater risk of developing COPD. The aim of this study was to review the prevalence of co-occurrence of COPD in adult offspring with one or both parents having COPD independent of specific genetic variations. METHODS: In total, five databases were searched for original studies in which prevalence of COPD was reported in both offspring (children) and one or both parents...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170406/youth-as-contested-sites-of-culture-the-intergenerational-acculturation-gap-amongst-new-migrant-communities-parental-and-young-adult-perspectives
#12
Andre M N Renzaho, Nidhi Dhingra, Nichole Georgeou
BACKGROUND: Immigration often results in changes in family dynamics, and within this process of dynamic relational adjustment youth can be conceptualised as contested sites of culture and associated intergenerational conflicts. This paper considers the experiences of migrant youth in Greater Western Sydney, New South Wales, Australia using conflict as a useful lens through which to view issues of migrant youth identity and their sense of social connectedness, belonging, and agency. The aim of this study was twofold: 1) to explore how migrant youth cope with acculturative stress and intergenerational conflicts, and 2) to better understand the systemic and family-related factors that facilitate positive settlement experiences for migrant youth...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165860/emotional-mimicry-of-older-adults-expressions-effects-of-partial-inclusion-in-a-cyberball-paradigm
#13
Isabell Hühnel, Janka Kuszynski, Jens B Asendorpf, Ursula Hess
As intergenerational interactions increase due to an ageing population, the study of emotion-related responses to the elderly is increasingly relevant. Previous research found mixed results regarding affective mimicry - a measure related to liking and affiliation. In the current study, we investigated emotional mimicry to younger and older actors following an encounter with a younger and older player in a Cyberball game. In a complete exclusion condition, in which both younger and older players excluded the participant, we expected emotional mimicry to be stronger for younger vs...
February 6, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143442/factors-associated-with-older-people-s-long-term-care-needs-a-case-study-adopting-the-expanded-version-of-the-anderson-model-in-china
#14
Yuan Yuan Fu, Yu Guo, Xue Bai, Ernest Wing Tak Chui
BACKGROUND: Alongside changes in society and the economy, the family's function of taking care of older people is weakening and the formal care mode is becoming more accepted. Older Chinese people are facing diverse choices of long-term care (LTC) modes. Acknowledging this situation, to optimize older people's arrangements for LTC services and improve quality of later life, this study sets out to explore and make theoretical sense of older people's LTC needs and to identify the factors influencing their LTC needs...
January 31, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129572/intergenerational-transmission-of-disordered-eating-direct-and-indirect-maternal-communication-among-grandmothers-mothers-and-daughters
#15
Analisa Arroyo, Chris Segrin, Kristin K Andersen
The current study explored disordered eating (i.e., dieting, bulimia and food preoccupation, and oral control) among grandmothers, their daughters, and their granddaughters, and also explored specific direct (i.e., maternal commentary) and indirect (i.e., maternal modeling) communication behaviors as mechanisms by which disordered eating is intergenerationally transmitted. A sample of 242 grandmother-mother-daughter triads provided self-reports of their own disordered eating and perceptions of their mothers' weight-related behaviors...
January 24, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094059/alteration-of-methylation-status-in-the-atxn3-gene-promoter-region-is-linked-to-the-sca3-mjd
#16
Chunrong Wang, Huirong Peng, Jiada Li, Dongxue Ding, Zhao Chen, Zhe Long, Yun Peng, Xin Zhou, Wei Ye, Kai Li, Qian Xu, Sanxi Ai, Chengyuan Song, Ling Weng, Rong Qiu, Kun Xia, Beisha Tang, Hong Jiang
DNA methylation has been acknowledged as one of the key epigenetic mechanisms involved in the regulation of gene expression and genomic functions. Alteration of the DNA methylation level has been linked to modification of the disease progression and instability regulation of certain disease-causing repeats in neurodegenerative diseases. In this study, blood samples collected from spinocerebellar ataxia type 3/Machado-Joseph disease (SCA3/MJD) patients versus control were used to explore the potential link of DNA methylation levels at ATXN3 gene promoter to the pathogenesis of SCA3/MJD...
December 24, 2016: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089871/parents-childhood-socioeconomic-circumstances-are-associated-with-their-children-s-asthma-outcomes
#17
Edith Chen, Madeleine U Shalowitz, Rachel E Story, Katherine B Ehrlich, Erika M Manczak, Paula J Ham, Van Le, Gregory E Miller
BACKGROUND: Previous literature documents associations between low socioeconomic status (SES) and poor health outcomes, including asthma. However, this literature has largely focused on the effects of current family circumstances. OBJECTIVE: We sought to test an intergenerational hypothesis, that the childhood SES that parents experience will be associated with asthma outcomes in their children, independent of effects of current family SES. Second, we aimed to test whether this association is in part due to difficulties in current parent-child relationships...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068931/self-perceived-uselessness-and-associated-factors-among-older-adults-in-china
#18
Yuan Zhao, Jessica M Sautter, Li Qiu, Danan Gu
BACKGROUND: Self-perceived uselessness is associated with poor health and high mortality among older adults in China. However, it is unclear which demographic, psychosocial, behavioral and health factors are associated with self-perceived uselessness. METHODS: Data came from four waves (2005, 2008, 2011 and 2014) of the largest nationwide longitudinal survey of the population aged 65 and older in China (26,624 individuals contributed 48,476 observations). This study aimed to systematically investigate factors associated with self-perceived uselessness based on the proposed REHAB framework that includes resources (R), environments (E), health (H), fixed attributes (A) and behaviors (B)...
January 9, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063011/the-unequal-consequences-of-mass-incarceration-for-children
#19
Kristin Turney
A growing literature has documented the mostly deleterious intergenerational consequences of paternal incarceration, but less research has considered heterogeneity in these relationships. In this article, I use data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (N = 3,065) to estimate the heterogeneous relationship between paternal incarceration and children's problem behaviors (internalizing behaviors, externalizing behaviors, and early juvenile delinquency) and cognitive skills (reading comprehension, math comprehension, and verbal ability) in middle childhood...
February 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025859/negotiations-of-blame-and-care-among-hiv-positive-mothers-and-daughters-in-south-africa-s-eastern-cape
#20
Beth Vale
Research delineates two epidemiological categories among HIV-positive adolescents: those who contract the virus sexually and those who inherit it as infants. In this article, I am interested in how tacit inferences about adolescents' mode of infection contribute to their experiences of HIV-related blame, and their ability to achieve care, in their intimate, everyday settings. The analysis arises from ethnographic research with 23 HIV-positive adolescents living in South Africa's Eastern Cape. From these, I draw particularly on the narratives of four HIV-positive teenage girls and their HIV-positive mothers...
December 26, 2016: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
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