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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892776/long-term-changes-in-body-proportions-since-1952-to-2011-in-children-and-adolescents-from-kolkata-india
#1
Łukasz Kryst, Magdalena Żegleń, Agnieszka Woronkowicz, Rituparna Das, Rana Saha, Sukanta Das, Parasmani Dasgupta
The aim of this study was to investigate the intergenerational changes of the selected body proportions of children and adolescents from Kolkata (India). The analysis was based on anthropometric measurements of 7488 Bengali children (4222 boys and 3266 girls), aged 7-19, from the middle-class families. The cohorts from 1952-66 and 1999-2011, as well as series of boys from 1982-83, were compared in terms of body height, subischial leg length, biacromial width, biiliac width, reciprocal ponderal index (RPI), skelic index, pelvi-acromial index, shoulder-height ratio, pelvis-height ratio...
June 11, 2018: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888951/intergenerational-effects-of-endocrine-disrupting-compounds-a-review-of-the-michigan-polybrominated-biphenyl-registry
#2
Sarah W Curtis, Karen N Conneely, Mary E Marder, Metrecia L Terrell, Michele Marcus, Alicia K Smith
Endocrine-disrupting compounds (EDCs) are a broad class of chemicals present in many residential products that can disrupt hormone signaling and cause health problems in humans. Multigenerational cohorts, like the Michigan polybrominated biphenyl registry, are ideal for studying the effects of intergenerational exposure. Registry participants report hormone-related health problems, particularly in those exposed before puberty or those in the second generation exposed through placental transfer or breastfeeding...
June 11, 2018: Epigenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29862833/examining-the-intergenerational-stake-hypothesis-in-grandparent-grandchild-dyads
#3
Rachael Spalding, Brian Carpenter
The intergenerational stake hypothesis posits that older people tend to feel more positively about their relationships with younger people in their family because they have a greater perceived "stake" in the relationship. Pairs of grandparents and grandchildren ( n = 79) completed a brief survey that asked questions about relational closeness, shared activities, and relationship quality. Both self- and proxy reports were gathered from each participant. On average, grandparents reported significantly more favorable self-reports of emotional closeness than their grandchildren...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29851883/assessment-and-management-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#4
Janet Ellis, Ari Zaretsky
PURPOSE: The goal of this article is to increase clinicians' understanding of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and improve skills in assessing risk for and diagnosing PTSD. The importance and sequelae of lifetime trauma burden are discussed, with reference to trends in prevention, early intervention, and treatment. RECENT FINDINGS: PTSD has different clinical phenotypes, which are reflected in the changes in Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) criteria...
June 2018: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29842995/from-mother-to-child-maternal-betrayal-trauma-and-risk-for-maltreatment-and-psychopathology-in-the-next-generation
#5
Rebecca L Babcock Fenerci, Brian Allen
The objective of this study was to investigate whether experiences of high betrayal trauma (BT; maltreatment by a parent/caregiver) during mothers' own childhoods may influence the intergenerational transmission of maltreatment and its associated psychopathology from mothers to their children. A prospective, longitudinal design was utilized to assess maternal physical and sexual betrayal trauma in relation to children's own maltreatment experiences, and child mood and behavioral symptoms during pre-adolescence...
May 26, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792587/child-abuse-potential-in-mothers-with-early-life-maltreatment-borderline-personality-disorder-and-depression
#6
Katja Dittrich, Katja Boedeker, Dorothea Kluczniok, Charlotte Jaite, Catherine Hindi Attar, Daniel Fuehrer, Sabine C Herpertz, Romuald Brunner, Sibylle Maria Winter, Andreas Heinz, Stefan Roepke, Christine Heim, Felix Bermpohl
BACKGROUND: Early life maltreatment (ELM), borderline personality disorder (BPD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) have been shown to increase the potential of abuse. Emotion regulation is an identified mediator for the association of ELM and BPD with abuse potential. Until now, there has been no study to account for the co-occurrence of these risk factors in one analysis, although BPD and MDD are known as common sequelae of ELM. This is paired with a lack of studies investigating the effects of abuse potential on child well-being...
May 24, 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786971/intergenerational-teen-pregnancy-a-population-based-cohort-study
#7
Ning Liu, Simone N Vigod, M Michèle Farrugia, Marcelo L Urquia, Joel G Ray
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the intergenerational association in teenage pregnancy, and whether there is a coupling tendency between a mother and daughter in how their teen pregnancies end, such as an induced abortion (IA) vs. a livebirth. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. SETTING: Ontario, Canada. POPULATION: 15,097 mothers and their 16,177 daughters. METHODS: Generalized estimating equations generated adjusted odds ratios (aOR) of a daughter experiencing a teen pregnancy in relation to the number of teen pregnancies her mother had...
May 22, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784233/using-baseline-data-to-predict-chronic-ptsd-48-months-after-mothers-report-intimate-partner-violence-outcomes-for-mothers-and-the-intergenerational-impact-on-child-behavioral-functioning
#8
John Maddoux, Judith McFarlane, Lene Symes, Nina Fredland, Gene Feder
Worldwide one in three women report intimate partner violence. Many of these women report long term mental health problems, especially PTSD, which is associated with negative problem solving, isolation, somatization, depression, and anxiety. Children are impacted by their exposure to domestic violence and experience internal (i.e., depression, anxiety) and external (i.e., hostility, delinquency) behavioral clinical problems. To predict which women will experience chronic PTSD symptoms, a PTSD predictor tool was developed and applied to PTSD symptom scores four years after 300 mothers with children (age 18 months to 16 years) received assistance for the violence...
June 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762643/educational-mobility-across-generations-and-depressive-symptoms-over-10-years-among-us-latinos
#9
Julia B Ward, Whitney R Robinson, Brian W Pence, Joanna Maselko, Sandra S Albrecht, Mary N Haan, Allison E Aiello
Few studies have collected intergenerational data to assess the association between educational mobility across multiple generations and offspring depression. Using data from the Sacramento Area Latino Study on Aging (1998-2008), we assessed the influence of intergenerational education on depressive symptoms over 10 years among 1,786 Latino individuals (mean age = 70.6 years). Educational mobility was classified: stable-low (low parent/low offspring education), upwardly mobile (low parent/high offspring education), stable-high (high parent/high offspring education), or downwardly mobile (high parent/low offspring education)...
May 14, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759003/mothers-history-of-child-sexual-abuse-and-child-behavior-problems-the-mediating-role-of-mothers-helpless-state-of-mind
#10
Linnea Linde-Krieger, Tuppett M Yates
This investigation evaluated a theoretically specified model of associations among mothers' history of child sexual abuse (CSA), a helpless state of mind (SOM) with regard to the mother-child relationship, and increased behavior problems in the next generation. Moreover, we evaluated the moderating influence of child gender on predicted relations between mothers' CSA severity and helpless SOM (i.e., moderated mediation). Participants were 225 biological mother-preschooler dyads (48% female; 46.4% Latinx) drawn from an ongoing, longitudinal study of representation and regulation in child development...
January 1, 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754762/developmental-delay-in-communication-among-toddlers-and-its-relationship-to-caregiving-behavior-among-violence-exposed-posttraumatically-stressed-mothers
#11
R Torrisi, E Arnautovic, V C Pointet Perizzolo, M Vital, A Manini, F Suardi, M Gex-Fabry, S Rusconi Serpa, D S Schechter
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to understand if maternal interpersonal violence-related posttraumatic stress disorder (IPV-PTSD) is associated with delayed language development among very young children ("toddlers"). METHODS: Data were collected from 61 mothers and toddlers (ages 12-42 months, mean age = 25.6 months SD = 8.70). Child expressive and receptive language development was assessed by the Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQ) communication subscale (ASQCS) that measures language acquisition...
May 10, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744707/intergenerational-transmission-of-work-values-a-meta-analytic-review
#12
Zeynep Cemalcilar, Ekin Secinti, Nebi Sumer
Work values act as guiding principles for individuals' work-related behavior. Economic self-sufficiency is an important predictor for psychological well-being in adulthood. Longitudinal research has demonstrated work values to be an important predictor of economic behavior, and consequently of self-sufficiency. Socialization theories designate parents an important role in the socialization of their children to cultural values. Yet, extant literature is limited in demonstrating the role families play on how youth develop agentic pathways and seek self-sufficiency in transition to adulthood...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732523/the-emergence-of-an-elder-blaming-discourse-in-twenty-first-century-china
#13
Zhipeng Gao, Katherine Bischoping
To people familiar with Confucian teachings about revering elders, it may be surprising that, over the last decade and a half, a discourse has emerged and spread widely in China in which elders are denigrated as out-of-date and corrupt. Using newspaper articles, commentaries and videos, this paper first traces the emergence of intergenerational conflicts over bus seats, along with related phenomena that have become flashpoints in the new elder-blaming discourse. Second, this paper delineates and challenges popular and academic notions that intergenerational differences in values and dispositions entirely account for intergenerational conflict...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730657/adolescent-undernutrition-global-burden-physiology-and-nutritional-risks
#14
Parul Christian, Emily R Smith
Adolescents, comprised of 10-19 year olds, form the largest generation of young people in our history. There are an estimated 1.8 billion adolescents in the world, with 90% residing in low- and middle-income countries. The burden of disease among adolescents has its origins in infectious and injury-related causes, but nutritional deficiencies, suboptimal linear growth, and undernutrition are major public health problems, even as overweight may be on the rise in many contexts. Summary and Key Messages: Girls are most vulnerable to the influences of cultural and gender norms, which often discriminate against them...
2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717680/intergenerational-and-early-life-influences-on-the-well-being-of-australian-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-children-overview-and-selected-findings-from-footprints-in-time-the-longitudinal-study-of-indigenous-children
#15
M Salmon, F Skelton, K A Thurber, L Bennetts Kneebone, J Gosling, R Lovett, M Walter
Footprints in Time: The Longitudinal Study of Indigenous Children (LSIC) is a national study of 1759 Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children living across urban, regional and remote areas of Australia. The study is in its 11th wave of annual data collection, having collected extensive data on topics including birth and early life influences, parental health and well-being, identity, cultural engagement, language use, housing, racism, school engagement and academic achievement, and social and emotional well-being...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717040/comparative-genomics-of-the-nonlegume-parasponia-reveals-insights-into-evolution-of-nitrogen-fixing-rhizobium-symbioses
#16
Robin van Velzen, Rens Holmer, Fengjiao Bu, Luuk Rutten, Arjan van Zeijl, Wei Liu, Luca Santuari, Qingqin Cao, Trupti Sharma, Defeng Shen, Yuda Roswanjaya, Titis A K Wardhani, Maryam Seifi Kalhor, Joelle Jansen, Johan van den Hoogen, Berivan Güngör, Marijke Hartog, Jan Hontelez, Jan Verver, Wei-Cai Yang, Elio Schijlen, Rimi Repin, Menno Schilthuizen, M Eric Schranz, Renze Heidstra, Kana Miyata, Elena Fedorova, Wouter Kohlen, Ton Bisseling, Sandra Smit, Rene Geurts
Nodules harboring nitrogen-fixing rhizobia are a well-known trait of legumes, but nodules also occur in other plant lineages, with rhizobia or the actinomycete Frankia as microsymbiont. It is generally assumed that nodulation evolved independently multiple times. However, molecular-genetic support for this hypothesis is lacking, as the genetic changes underlying nodule evolution remain elusive. We conducted genetic and comparative genomics studies by using Parasponia species (Cannabaceae), the only nonlegumes that can establish nitrogen-fixing nodules with rhizobium...
May 1, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702729/phylogenomic-analyses-reveal-extensive-gene-flow-within-the-magic-flowers-achimenes
#17
Wade R Roberts, Eric H Roalson
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: The Neotropical Gesneriaceae is a lineage known for its colorful and diverse flowers, as well as an extensive history of intra- and intergeneric hybridization, particularly among Achimenes (the magic flowers) and other members of subtribe Gloxiniinae. Despite numerous studies seeking to elucidate the evolutionary relationships of these lineages, relatively few have sought to infer specific patterns of gene flow despite evidence of widespread hybridization. METHODS: To explore the utility of phylogenomic data for reassessing phylogenetic relationships and inferring patterns of gene flow among species of Achimenes, we sequenced 12 transcriptomes...
April 27, 2018: American Journal of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678645/gene-tree-discordance-and-coalescent-methods-support-ancient-intergeneric-hybridisation-between-dasymaschalon-and-friesodielsia-annonaceae
#18
Xing Guo, Daniel C Thomas, Richard M K Saunders
Although hybridisation between closely related species is common and known to be important in plant evolution, hybridisation at the generic level or above is comparatively rare. We address ancient intergeneric hybridisation in the early-divergent angiosperm family Annonaceae by phylogenetic reconstruction, divergence time estimation and coalescent simulation of the genus Dasymaschalon using a multi-locus approach based on molecular data from five chloroplast (matK, psbA-trnH, ndhF, rbcL, and trnL-F) and five nuclear (ITS, ETS, AP3, PhyA, and PhyC) DNA markers...
April 17, 2018: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671620/intergenerational-transmissions-of-mother-child-loneliness-a-moderated-mediation-model-of-familial-social-support-and-conflict-avoidance
#19
Timothy Curran
Loneliness is a psychological health issue related to deleterious physical health outcomes such as mortality and chronic disease. The aim of this research was to examine intergenerational transmissions of loneliness from mothers to adult child via a moderated mediation model of perceived familial social support and conflict avoidance. Surveys were collected from 146 (N = 292) mother-child dyads on self-reports of loneliness, familial social support, and mother-child conflict avoidance. The results showed that child perceptions of familial social support mediated the relationship between mother-child loneliness...
April 19, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651759/investigating-the-support-networks-for-mothers-of-a-high-density-public-housing-community-and-the-effects-of-housing-closures-on-these-support-systems
#20
Jennifer Smith, Soyang Kwon, Maryann Mason, Karen Sheehan
Over the past few decades, public housing initiatives have focused on the decentralization of poverty by replacing high-density public housing (HDPH) models with lower-density, mixed-income models. This action has resulted in the displacement of families who had lived in these developments for generations. In past studies, public housing residents have been shown to have stronger social ties than those living in other types of assisted housing. Research on the dismemberment of US public housing has demonstrated a "root shock" or disruption in the support infrastructure in these resource-limited communities...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
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