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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208027/animations-designed-to-raise-patient-awareness-of-prudent-antibiotic-use-patient-recall-of-key-messages-and-their-immediate-effect-on-patient-attitude
#1
Donna M Lecky, Harpal Dhillon, Neville Q Verlander, Cliodna A M McNulty
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine if patients recalled key messages from antibiotic animations shown on digital displays in General Practice waiting rooms, and if watching them changed patients' immediate intentions to consult their GP for upper respiratory tract infections, seek antibiotics and self-care. RESULTS: The pre intervention focus group found the animations intergenerational, informative and educational. 3119 patients were observed in 3 GP practices during project team visits; 145 (4...
December 6, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204103/single-mothering-as-experienced-by-burundian-refugees-in-australia-a-qualitative-inquiry
#2
Lily P Tsai, Jennieffer A Barr, Anthony Welch
Background: Refugee mothers have fled from their homeland to escape persecutions with their children only to find other threats to their well-being in the new country. Building on previous research, it is known that being a new immigrant is challenging and requires adaptation. The adaptation process, known as acculturation, may not be successful leading to psychological distress. It is also known that a generation gap can occur when children acculturate faster than their parents. What was lacking was understanding about the experiences of single refugee mothers...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197974/fitness-correlates-of-age-at-primiparity-in-a-hunted-moose-population
#3
Stine S Markussen, Anne Loison, Ivar Herfindal, Erling J Solberg, Hallvard Haanes, Knut H Røed, Morten Heim, Bernt-Erik Sæther
Trade-offs between fitness-related traits are predicted from the principle of resource allocation, where increased fecundity or parental investment leads to reduced future reproduction or survival. However, fitness traits can also be positively correlated due to individual differences (e.g. body mass). Age at primiparity could potentially explain variation in individual fitness either because early primiparity is costly, or it may lead to higher lifetime reproductive success. Based on long-term monitoring and genetic parentage assignment of an island population of moose, we quantified reproductive performance and survival, and examined whether early maturing females have higher total calf production than late maturing females...
December 2, 2017: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189023/the-intergenerational-transmission-of-cannabis-use-associations-between-parental-history-of-cannabis-use-and-cannabis-use-disorder-low-positive-parenting-and-offspring-cannabis-use
#4
Melanie Hill, Ariel Sternberg, Hye Won Suk, Madeline H Meier, Laurie Chassin
Parental cannabis use disorder (CUD) and low positive parenting (monitoring, support, and consistency) are risk factors for adolescent cannabis use. However, it is unclear whether parental cannabis use without CUD is sufficient to increase risk for low positive parenting and adolescent cannabis use. Additionally, parents may not treat each of their adolescents the same, and risk for adolescent cannabis use may increase as a result of low levels of positive parenting in families or low positive parenting unique to each adolescent...
November 30, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186762/grip-strength-as-an-indicator-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-old-age-a-pilot-study
#5
(no author information available yet)
Over the last century life expectancy has increased dramatically nearly all over the world. This dramatic absolute and relative increase of the old aged people component of the population has influenced not only population structure but also has dramatic implications for the individuals and public health services. The aim of the present pilot study was to examine the impact of physical well-being assessed by hand grip strength and social factors estimated by social contact frequency on health-related quality of life among 22 men and 41 women ranging in age between 60 and 94 years...
November 24, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179809/factors-that-affect-general-practice-as-a-choice-of-medical-speciality-implications-for-policy-development
#6
Amit Vohra, Richard Ladyshewsky, Stephen Trumble
Objective This article critically appraises the range of personal, professional and social factors that affect the choice of speciality across medical students, prevocational doctors, general practice registrars and general practitioners.Methods This qualitative study applied constructs from the fields of decision theory and career theory to better understand the complex nature of choosing a speciality. In all, 47 in-depth interviews were conducted with participants at different stages of their career cycle...
November 28, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178238/intergenerational-effects-of-nutrition-on-immunity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Catherine E Grueber, Lindsey J Gray, Katrina M Morris, Stephen J Simpson, Alistair M Senior
Diet and immunity are both highly complex processes through which organisms interact with their environment and adapt to variable conditions. Parents that are able to transmit information to their offspring about prevailing environmental conditions have a selective advantage by 'priming' the physiology of their offspring. We used a meta-analytic approach to test the effect of parental diet on offspring immune responses. Using the geometric framework for nutrition (a method for analysing diet compositions wherein food nutrient components are expressed as axes in a Cartesian coordinate space) to define dietary manipulations in terms of their energy and macronutrient compositions, we compiled the results of 226 experiments from 38 published papers on the intergenerational effects of diet on immunity, across a range of study species and immunological responses...
November 27, 2017: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173120/living-dying-after-death-achieving-a-good-death-in-the-time-of-aids-orphan-care
#8
Ellen Block
AIDS has devastated communities across southern Africa, leaving many children orphaned. Grandmothers are considered ideal caregivers because of cultural expectations of intergenerational care, and because they have not been decimated by AIDS to the same extent as younger adults. However, these grandmothers, who currently carry the majority of the burden of care for AIDS orphans, are themselves aging and dying. I argue here that in Lesotho, the caregiving demanded of grandmothers late into their lives not only alters kin relations for the living, but has increasingly made a "good death" unachievable for elderly caregivers...
November 27, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164953/unintended-birth-and-children-s-long-term-mental-health
#9
Jessica Houston Su
Research has examined the proximate effects of unintended birth on infants and young children, but we know relatively little about the longer-term effects. Given that unintended birth is associated with several childhood risk factors, it might set the stage for poor mental health in adulthood. Drawing on rich intergenerational survey data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, 1979 ( N = 3,742), this study used a variety of statistical techniques to examine whether maternal pregnancy intentions are associated with children's depressive symptoms during early adulthood...
September 2017: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163269/a-systematic-review-of-the-effectiveness-of-intergenerational-programs
#10
REVIEW
Alejandro Canedo-García, Jesús-Nicasio García-Sánchez, Deilis-Ivonne Pacheco-Sanz
Purpose of the study: The objective of the present review study is to identify the determinant elements of the effectiveness of empirically based interventions (EBI) in the field of intergenerational work, contrasting face-to-face and combined (face-to-face and virtual) intervention modalities against variables relating to this field according to EBI indicators. Design and Methods: An extensive literature search returned a total of 553 studies. Of these, just 50 studies met the inclusion criteria of being an empirical investigation of the effectiveness of intergenerational programs that contain appropriate elaboration on theoretical constructs and methods...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161173/a-relational-ethics-framework-for-advancing-practice-with-children-with-complex-health-care-needs-and-their-parents
#11
Franco A Carnevale, Gail Teachman, Aline Bogossian
Children with complex health care needs are an emerging population that commonly requires long-term supportive services. A growing body of evidence has highlighted that these children and their families experience significant challenges. Many of these challenges involve ethical concerns that have been under-recognized. In this article, we (a) outline ethical concerns that arise in clinical practice with children with complex health care needs and their families (e.g.: exclusion of children's voices in discussions and decisions that affect them; difficulties in defining their best interests; clashes across the array of social roles that parents manage; limited recognition of the ethical significance of parents' and other family members' interests) and (b) propose a relational ethics framework for addressing these concerns...
November 21, 2017: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154587/attentional-avoidance-of-emotional-stimuli-in-postpartum-women-with-childhood-history-of-maltreatment-and-difficulties-with-emotion-regulation
#12
Gillian England-Mason, Jennifer Khoury, Leslie Atkinson, Geoffrey B Hall, Andrea Gonzalez
Child abuse and neglect can lead to difficulties regulating responses to threatening and emotional situations. Exposure to childhood maltreatment has been linked to conflicting findings of both attention biases toward and away from threat-related information. The aim of the current study was to investigate whether emotion regulation moderated the association between history of childhood maltreatment and attention bias in a sample of postpartum women. One hundred forty women participated in the study at 7 months postpartum...
November 20, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143628/do-the-status-and-empowerment-of-mothers-predict-their-daughters-reproductive-outcomes
#13
Jessica D Gipson, Dawn M Upchurch
BACKGROUND: Despite increased recognition of the important influences of women's status and empowerment on social and health outcomes for women and their families, there are few investigations that examine the extent to which any gains in women's empowerment may be transmitted intergenerationally, that is, between mothers and their daughters. METHODS: This study seeks to address this gap by using data from a unique, longitudinal, and intergenerational dataset from Cebu, Philippines (1994-2009), to examine potential influences of the status of mothers on subsequent reproductive health outcomes among their daughters...
November 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138900/-intergenerational-mobility-and-health-inequalities-in-east-and-west-germany-a-trend-analysis-from-1992-to-2012
#14
Sebastian Günther, Irene Moor, Anja Knöchelmann, Matthias Richter
BACKGROUND: Social mobility processes, i. e. the movement of a person from one social position to another, are central mechanisms for explaining health inequalities. Social differences in health status or behaviour may also change with changes in social status. This article examines the importance of intergenerational mobility, i. e. the rise and fall of social status in relation to parental social position, for subjective health in East and West Germany and whether this relationship has changed over 20 years...
November 14, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119362/intergenerational-stability-of-callous-unemotional-traits
#15
Antonio Mendoza Diaz, Sandy Overgaauw, David J Hawes, Mark R Dadds
This study investigated the stability of callous and unemotional (CU) traits across generations by assessing self-report assessments of psychopathy factors in parents and their relationship to children's CU traits in a clinical sample: 223 boys (M age = 7.65) and 83 girls (M = 7.35) referred for treatment of disruptive behavior disorders. First, we expanded previous findings showing a positive relationship between maternal psychopathy scores and CU traits in boys. Second, we tested whether parental psychopathy scores predicted CU traits in children over and above general indicators of mental health risk: parental psychopathology, parental warmth, and harsh parenting...
November 8, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112784/clinical-and-genetic-features-of-patients-with-facial-sparing-facioscapulohumeral-muscular-dystrophy
#16
J-J He, X-D Lin, F Lin, G-R Xu, L-Q Xu, W Hu, D-N Wang, H-X Lin, M-T Lin, N Wang, Z-Q Wang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Facial-sparing scapular myopathy (SHD) is the most common atypical form of facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD), clinically defined as those without apparent facial muscle weakness on neurologic examination. The clinical profiles and genetic features of SHD are limited. METHODS: A cohort of 21 Chinese patients with SHD were confirmed by PFGE-based molecular genetic analysis. The clinical assessments and methylation analysis were noted...
November 7, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108437/latent-profiles-of-early-developmental-vulnerabilities-in-a-new-south-wales-child-population-at-age-5%C3%A2-years
#17
Melissa J Green, Stacy Tzoumakis, Kristin R Laurens, Kimberlie Dean, Maina Kariuki, Felicity Harris, Nicole O'Reilly, Marilyn Chilvers, Sally A Brinkman, Vaughan J Carr
OBJECTIVE: Detecting the early emergence of childhood risk for adult mental disorders may lead to interventions for reducing subsequent burden of these disorders. We set out to determine classes of children who may be at risk for later mental disorder on the basis of early patterns of development in a population cohort, and associated exposures gleaned from linked administrative records obtained within the New South Wales Child Development Study. METHODS: Intergenerational records from government departments of health, education, justice and child protection were linked with the Australian Early Development Census for a state population cohort of 67,353 children approximately 5 years of age...
November 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101590/the-intergenerational-association-between-parents-problem-gambling-and-impulsivity-hyperactivity-inattention-behaviors-in-children
#18
Rene Carbonneau, Frank Vitaro, Mara Brendgen, Richard E Tremblay
Despite the well-established association between problem gambling and ADHD core categories of impulsivity-hyperactivity and inattention, the link between parents' problem gambling and impulsivity-hyperactivity/inattention (IH/I) behaviors in children has not been investigated. This study investigated the association between parents' problem gambling and children's IH/I behaviors while controlling for potential confounding variables. A population-based prospective cohort followed-up from kindergarten to age 30, the Quebec Longitudinal Study of Kindergarten Children (QLSKC), provided data over three generations...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101148/mental-health-of-south-asian-youth-in-peel-region-toronto-canada-a-qualitative-study-of-determinants-coping-strategies-and-service-access
#19
Farah Islam, Amanpreet Multani, Michaela Hynie, Yogendra Shakya, Kwame McKenzie
OBJECTIVES: This qualitative study set out to understand the mental health challenges and service access barriers experienced by South Asian youth populations in the Peel Region of Toronto, Canada. SETTING: In-depth semistructured interviews were carried out with South Asian youth living in Peel Region (Mississauga, Brampton and Caledon), a suburb of Toronto, Canada, home to over 50% of Ontario's South Asian population. PARTICIPANTS: South Asian youth (n=10) engaged in thoughtful, candid dialogue about their mental health and service access barriers...
November 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094971/longitudinal-relations-among-mexican-origin-mothers-cultural-characteristics-cultural-socialization-and-5-year-old-children-s-ethnic-racial-identification
#20
Chelsea L Derlan, Adriana J Umaña-Taylor, Kimberly A Updegraff, Laudan B Jahromi
The current longitudinal study examined the intergenerational transmission of ethnic-racial identity/identification and cultural orientation among Mexican-origin adolescent young mothers and their children (N = 161 dyads). Findings indicated that mothers' ethnic-racial identity and their cultural involvement were significantly associated with children's ethnic-racial identification via mothers' cultural socialization; however, associations varied significantly by children's gender and skin tone. For example, mothers' ethnic-racial centrality was positively associated with cultural socialization efforts among mothers with sons (regardless of skin tone); but with daughters, a positive association only emerged among those with lighter skin tones...
November 2017: Developmental Psychology
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