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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651759/investigating-the-support-networks-for-mothers-of-a-high-density-public-housing-community-and-the-effects-of-housing-closures-on-these-support-systems
#1
Jennifer Smith, Soyang Kwon, Maryann Mason, Karen Sheehan
Over the past few decades, public housing initiatives have focused on the decentralization of poverty by replacing high-density public housing (HDPH) models with lower-density, mixed-income models. This action has resulted in the displacement of families who had lived in these developments for generations. In past studies, public housing residents have been shown to have stronger social ties than those living in other types of assisted housing. Research on the dismemberment of US public housing has demonstrated a "root shock" or disruption in the support infrastructure in these resource-limited communities...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651645/parental-depressive-symptoms-as-a-risk-factor-for-child-depressive-symptoms-testing-the-social-mediators-in-internationally-adopted-children
#2
Krista Liskola, Hanna Raaska, Helena Lapinleimu, Marko Elovainio
Parental depressive symptoms have shown to be associated with offspring depression but much of the research has been focused on maternal depression. The aim of our study was to investigate the extent to which depressive symptoms of both parents associate with offspring depressive symptoms and whether social factors mediate these associations using data from adopted children with no shared genetic background. Data were derived from the Finnish Adoption survey study (a subsample of adopted children aged between 9 and 12 years, n = 548)...
April 12, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643373/reading-willy-wonka-in-the-era-of-anti-thinking
#3
Ian S Miller
Whether encountered as a movie or novel, Roald Dahl's Charlie and the Chocolate Factory is a childhood staple of postwar Anglophone culture. Originally published in 1964, Dahl's story of "Willie Wonka" is a morality tale for our times addressed by the present essay in relation to the precariousness, violence, intergenerational faith, and materialist fantasies reflective of contemporary life in the early twenty-first century. Compensating for the precarity of contemporary life's impoverishment as assumptions of societal stability are overthrown, this chronicle of the Bucket family details: envious desire validated by large group chosen trauma; authoritarian enslavement of inferior, colonized peoples with murderous, industrial-level human experimentation; toward gratification of the greedy fantasy of unlimited sweetness under the sway of lethal identification with the aggressor...
April 11, 2018: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611019/intergenerational-mobility-and-goal-striving-stress-among-black-americans-the-roles-of-ethnicity-and-nativity-status
#4
Dawne M Mouzon, Daphne C Watkins, Ramona Perry, Theresa M Simpson, Jamie A Mitchell
Goal-striving stress refers to the psychological consequences of seeking but failing to reach upward mobility and is more common among low-income and people of color. Intergenerational mobility-or improved socioeconomic standing relative to one's parents-may be an important predictor of goal-striving stress for Blacks. We used the National Survey of American Life to investigate the association between intergenerational mobility and goal-striving stress among U.S.-born African Americans, U.S.-born Caribbean Blacks, and foreign-born Caribbean Blacks...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608415/participation-in-intergenerational-service-learning-benefits-older-adults-a-brief-report
#5
Andrea June, Carrie Andreoletti
Most research on intergenerational service-learning has focused on the benefits for college students, with fewer studies examining the benefits to older adults. The present study was designed to assess the impact on older adults of participating in Working Together: Intergenerational Student/Senior Exchange, a brief intergenerational service-learning program that brings together college students and older adults as equal partners to promote intergenerational understanding and communication. Older adults from an assisted living community met up to six times with students enrolled in aging-related courses to discuss a variety of topics and get to know one another...
April 2, 2018: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588068/evolving-parent-adult-child-relations-location-of-multiple-children-and-psychological-well-being-of-older-adults-in-china
#6
Z Lin, F Chen
OBJECTIVE: This study examines the interplay among intergenerational emotional closeness, location of multiple children, and parental depressive symptoms in the context of massive migration in rural China. STUDY DESIGN: This study is based on a longitudinal survey. METHODS: Longitudinal data were collected from a stratified random sample of age 60 years and older living in rural townships within Chaohu, a primarily agricultural municipal district with massive out-migration in China...
March 24, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579545/increase-in-serum-interleukin-10-does-not-alleviate-pro-inflammatory-mcp-1-production-in-obese-pregnancies
#7
Lauri Polari, Himanshu Kumar, Samuli Rautava, Seppo Salminen, Erika Isolauri
Maternal cytokine profiles during pregnancy are characterized by significant deviations, varying substantially between gestational time points and tissues. Obesity, in turn, is linked with low-grade inflammation in adipose tissue and increased concentrations of systemic inflammatory mediators. However, the balance of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines in obese pregnancy has remained elusive. In view of the demonstrations that the obesity is a global epidemic in the population at reproductive age with a strong intergenerational impact, we investigated the relation of gestational immune adaptations and obesity-induced inflammation...
March 23, 2018: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576327/parental-mosaicism-in-ryr1-related-central-core-disease
#8
S Marks, E van Ruitenbeek, P Fallon, P Johns, R Phadke, R Mein, S Mohammed, H Jungbluth
Myopathies due to mutations in the skeletal muscle ryanodine receptor (RYR1) gene are amongst the most common non-dystrophic neuromuscular disorders and have been associated with both dominant and recessive inheritance. Several cases with apparently de novo dominant inheritance have been reported. Here we report two siblings with features of Central Core Disease (CCD) born to unaffected parents. Genetic testing revealed a heterozygous dominant RYR1 c.14582G>A (p. Arg4861His) mutation previously identified in other CCD pedigrees...
February 26, 2018: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568108/lifestyle-of-women-before-pregnancy-and-the-risk-of-offspring-obesity-during-childhood-through-early-adulthood
#9
Klodian Dhana, Geng Zong, Changzheng Yuan, Eva Schernhammer, Cuilin Zhang, Xiaobin Wang, Frank B Hu, Jorge E Chavarro, Alison E Field, Qi Sun
BACKGROUND: In women, adhering to an overall healthy lifestyle is associated with a dramatically reduced risk of cardio-metabolic disorders. Whether such a healthy lifestyle exerts an intergenerational effects on child health deserves examination. METHODS: We included 5701 children (9-14 years old at baseline) of the Growing Up Today Study 2, and their mothers, who are participants in the Nurses' Health Study II. Pre-pregnancy healthy lifestyle was defined as a normal body mass index, no smoking, physical activity ≥150 min/week, and diet in the top 40% of the Alternative Healthy Eating Index-2010...
March 3, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567506/phylogeny-of-the-subfamily-stelliferinae-suggests-speciation-in-ophioscion-gill-1863-sciaenidae-perciformes-in-the-western-south-atlantic
#10
Tárcia Fernanda da Silva, Horacio Schneider, Iracilda Sampaio, Arturo Angulo, Marcelo Fulgêncio Guedes Brito, Alexandre Clistenes de Alcântara Santos, Jonas de Andrade Santos, Alfredo Carvalho-Filho, Simoni Santos
Phylogenies based on morphological and molecular data confirm the monophyly of the subfamily Stelliferinae; however, there is no consensus on the intergeneric and interspecific relationships in the group. Previous studies suggested the non-monophyly of Ophioscion and Stellifer, and possible cryptic species in Ophioscion punctatissimus. Therefore, we used mitochondrial (16S rDNA and COI) and nuclear (Rhodopsin, EGR1, and RAG1) regions to examine phylogenetic relationships among species of this subfamily. Our results confirmed the monophyly of Stelliferinae and supports the close relationship among Bardiella, Corvula and Odontoscion, which form a sister group to Stellifer and Ophioscion...
March 19, 2018: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563236/parental-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-offspring-development-at-2-years-of-age
#11
Alonzo T Folger, Emily A Eismann, Nicole B Stephenson, Robert A Shapiro, Maurizio Macaluso, Maggie E Brownrigg, Robert J Gillespie
OBJECTIVES: The study objective was to determine if maternal and paternal exposure to adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have a significant association with negative offspring development at 24 months of age in a suburban pediatric primary care population. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted of 311 mother-child and 122 father-child dyads who attended a large pediatric primary care practice. Children were born from October 2012 to June 2014, and data were collected at the 2-, 4-, and 24-month well-child visits...
March 21, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562945/maternal-depression-in-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-childhood-maltreatment-and-its-sequelae-testing-postpartum-effects-in-a-longitudinal-birth-cohort
#12
Karmel W Choi, Renate Houts, Louise Arseneault, Carmine Pariante, Kathleen J Sikkema, Terrie E Moffitt
Mothers who have experienced childhood maltreatment are more likely to have children also exposed to maltreatment, a phenomenon known as intergenerational transmission. Factors in the perinatal period may contribute uniquely to this transmission, but timing effects have not been ascertained. Using structural equation modeling with 1,016 mothers and their 2,032 children in the Environmental Risk Longitudinal Twin Study, we tested the mediating role of postpartum depression between maternal childhood maltreatment and a cascade of negative child outcomes, specifically child exposure to maltreatment, internalizing symptoms, and externalizing symptoms: (a) adjusting for later maternal depression, (b) comparing across sex differences, and (c) examining the relative role of maltreatment subtypes...
March 22, 2018: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554547/modeling-racial-disparities-in-physical-health-via-close-relationship-functioning-a-life-course-approach
#13
David Matthew Doyle, Pam Factor-Litvak, Bruce G Link
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to test a life course model in which racial disparities in physical health between Caucasian and African Americans are driven by disparities in close relationship functioning. This model also examined relative evidence for intergenerational transmission of relationship functioning and ongoing exposure to prejudice and discrimination as two pathways that might shape adult relationship functioning. METHOD: A sample of 523 Caucasian and African American men and women were prospectively tracked from a birth cohort initiated in the 1960s...
February 3, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533168/-so-we-basically-let-them-struggle-student-perceptions-of-challenges-in-intergenerational-service-learning
#14
Sarah J Hahn, Jennifer M Kinney, Jennifer Heston
Service-learning is a widely used pedagogical practice that integrates community involvement and civic engagement into the classroom. Benefits of service-learning in gerontology include an increased sense of personal growth, greater knowledge of aging, and enhanced interest in aging-related careers. However, relatively little research has specifically explored the challenges associated with intergenerational service-learning. A focus group documented the experiences of 19 students who were required to participate in at least 20 hours of intergenerational service-learning for an introductory gerontology course...
March 13, 2018: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529985/why-human-germline-editing-is-more-problematic-than-selecting-between-embryos-ethically-considering-intergenerational-relationships
#15
Christoph Rehmann-Sutter
Do we have a moral obligation to genetically cure embryos rather than selecting between them? Such an obligation would be an ethical argument for human germline gene editing (hGGE) to avoid the inheritance of genetic conditions instead of using pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD). In this article, the intuition that we do have such a moral obligation is critically evaluated. The article first develops a theoretical framework for discussing the ethical questions of hGGE. This framework is based on an exploration of the phenomenology of the germline, from both biological and philosophical points of view...
April 2018: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528785/implementing-reverse-mentoring-to-address-social-isolation-among-older-adults
#16
Bethany M Breck, Cory B Dennis, Skye N Leedahl
Reverse mentoring is a means to address the social work Grand Challenge of social isolation. Among older adults, reverse mentoring can improve social connection by increasing the digital competence of older adults so they can use technology for social benefit, and by facilitating intergenerational connections with young adult mentors. In this paper, reverse mentoring is examined within an intergenerational program that serves older adults and utilizes the native technological knowledge and skills of young adults who mentor older adult participants...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528109/outcomes-of-early-parent-child-adrenocortical-attunement-in-the-high-risk-offspring-of-depressed-parents
#17
Stephanie M Merwin, Chelsey Barrios, Victoria C Smith, Edward P Lemay, Lea R Dougherty
This study examined the impact of parent-child attunement of morning cortisol on parenting and child outcomes in dyads with and without parental depression. Participants included 142 parent-child dyads (3-5 years-old) who provided morning cortisol samples at Wave 1, and 98 dyads returned for the 3-year follow-up at Wave 2. Results indicated that for parents with a history of depression and for female children, stronger attunement predicted increases in parental hostility from Wave 1 to Wave 2. For females only, stronger attunement was related to children's depressive symptoms at Wave 1 and Wave 2...
March 12, 2018: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514503/toward-an-intergenerational-model-for-tobacco-focused-cbpr-integrating-youth-perspectives-via-photovoice
#18
Ryan J Petteway, Payam Sheikhattari, Fernando Wagner
The growing prominence of community-based participatory research (CBPR) presents as an opportunity to improve tobacco-related intervention efforts. CBPR collaborations for tobacco/health, however, typically engage only adults, thus affording only a partial understanding of community context as related to tobacco. This is problematic given evidence around age of tobacco use initiation and the influence of local tobacco environments on youth. The CEASE and Resist youth photovoice project was developed as part of the Communities Engaged and Advocating for a Smoke-free Environment (CEASE) CBPR collaboration in Southwest Baltimore...
March 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511354/swphylo-a-novel-tool-for-phylogenomic-inferences-by-comparison-of-oligonucleotide-patterns-and-integration-of-genome-based-and-gene-based-phylogenetic-trees
#19
Xiaoyu Yu, Oleg N Reva
Modern phylogenetic studies may benefit from the analysis of complete genome sequences of various microorganisms. Evolutionary inferences based on genome-scale analysis are believed to be more accurate than the gene-based alternative. However, the computational complexity of current phylogenomic procedures, inappropriateness of standard phylogenetic tools to process genome-wide data, and lack of reliable substitution models which correlates with alignment-free phylogenomic approaches deter microbiologists from using these opportunities...
2018: Evolutionary Bioinformatics Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511051/intergenerational-transmission-of-parent-encouragement-to-diet-from-adolescence-into-adulthood
#20
Jerica M Berge, Megan R Winkler, Nicole Larson, Jonathan Miller, Ann F Haynos, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
BACKGROUND: Although previous cross-sectional research has revealed potential harmful outcomes associated with parent encouragement to diet, it is unclear whether these effects are long lasting and whether they are transmitted to the next generation. The main aim of the current study was to examine longitudinal associations between exposure to parent encouragement to diet in adolescence and weight-related and emotional health outcomes in adulthood and to examine whether intergenerational transmission of encouragement to diet occurs...
March 6, 2018: Pediatrics
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