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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922101/this-is-who-we-are-building-community-for-hiv-prevention-with-young-gay-and-bisexual-men-in-beirut-lebanon
#1
Matt G Mutchler, Bryce Way McDavitt, Tu N Tran, Cynthia El Khoury, Ellie Ballan, Johnny Tohme, Susan M Kegeles, Glenn Wagner
Young gay men in Beirut are at significantly elevated risk of HIV infection compared with the general Lebanese population. Despite nascent HIV prevention efforts in the region, there is a need for effective community-level HIV prevention interventions tailored for young gay men. This qualitative study examined internal dynamics within Beirut's gay community as a basis for developing community-level interventions. Peer ethnographers were trained to collect field notes on conversations between young gay men in public spaces in Beirut, and conducted follow-up focus groups with young gay men...
September 18, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920520/greek-public-s-ambivalence-toward-refugee-children-education
#2
Helen Lazaratou, Marina Economou, Dimitris Dikeos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914403/self-transformation-at-the-boundary-of-religious-conversion-and-psychosis
#3
Szabolcs Kéri
The relationship between religious conversion, as a form of spiritual emergency, and psychosis is one of the fundamental issues at the meeting point of theology and clinical psychology. In the present study, we assessed 53 individuals referred to a psychiatry center with the initial diagnosis of a psychotic episode by focusing on the clinical diagnosis (psychosis vs. spiritual emergency), subjective experiences (basic symptoms), and neuropsychological functions. Twenty-nine individuals meet the diagnosis of schizophrenia-spectrum disorders, but 24 persons experienced only religious and spiritual problems (religious conversion)...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914175/menstruation-experiences-of-south-african-women-belonging-to-the-ama-xhosa-ethnic-group
#4
Anita Padmanabhanunni, Labeeqah Jaffer, Jeanette Steenkamp
A growing body of research has emphasised the salience of cultural beliefs and traditional practices to women's experiences of menstruation. Relatively less research has, however, been undertaken in South Africa. This study explored the experience of menstruation among women from the ama-Xhosa ethnic group, one of the largest ethnic groups in the country. Among the ama-Xhosa, there are distinct cultural practices associated with menstruation, including the female rite of passage (intonjane) and virginity testing (inkciyo)...
September 15, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910493/using-interpersonal-process-recall-to-compare-patients-accounts-of-resistance-in-two-psychotherapies-for-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#5
Nicholas R Morrison, Michael J Constantino, Henny A Westra, Angela Kertes, Brien J Goodwin, Martin M Antony
In a trial examining whether cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) could be improved by integrating motivational interviewing (MI) to target resistance, MI-CBT outperformed CBT over 12-month follow-up (Westra, Constantino, & Antony, 2016). Given that effectively addressing resistance is both a theoretically and an empirically supported mechanism of MI's additive effect, we explored qualitatively patients' experience of resistance, possibly as a function of treatment. For 5 patients from each treatment who exhibited early in-session change ambivalence, and thus were at risk for later resistance, we conducted interpersonal process recall interviews after a session...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906547/reflexive-convention-civil-partnership-marriage-and-family
#6
Brian Heaphy
Drawing on an analysis of qualitative interview data from a study of formalized same-sex relationships (civil partnerships) this paper examines the enduring significance of marriage and family as social institutions. In doing so, it intervenes in current debates in the sociology of family and personal life about how such institutions are undermined by reflexivity or bolstered by convention. Against the backdrop of dominating sociological frames for understanding the links between the changing nature of marriage and family and same-sex relationship recognition, the paper analyses the diverse and overlapping ways (including the simple, relational, strategic, ambivalent and critical ways) in which same-sex partners reflexively constructed and engaged with marriage and family conventions...
September 14, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903673/affective-and-cognitive-orientations-in-intergroup-perception
#7
Lukas J Wolf, Ulrich von Hecker, Gregory R Maio
Three studies examined the role of need for affect (NFA) and need for cognition (NFC) in intergroup perception. We hypothesized that NFA predicts a preference for stereotypically warm groups over stereotypically cold groups, whereas NFC predicts a preference for stereotypically competent groups over stereotypically incompetent groups. Study 1 supported these hypotheses for attitudes toward stereotypically ambivalent groups, which are stereotyped as high on one of the trait dimensions (e.g., high warmth) and low on the other (e...
June 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903656/on-the-attitudinal-consequences-of-being-mindful-links-between-mindfulness-and-attitudinal-ambivalence
#8
Geoffrey Haddock, Colin Foad, Ben Windsor-Shellard, Sebastian Dummel, Inmaculada Adarves-Yorno
A series of studies examined whether mindfulness is associated with the experience of attitudinal ambivalence. Studies 1A and 1B found that mindful individuals expressed greater comfort holding ambivalent views and reported feeling ambivalent less often. More mindful individuals also responded more positively to feelings of uncertainty (as assessed in Study 1B). Study 2 replicated these effects and demonstrated that mindful individuals had lower objective and subjective ambivalence across a range of attitude objects but did not differ in attitude valence, extremity, positivity/negativity, strength, or the need to evaluate...
April 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891443/the-ambivalence-of-early-diagnosis-returning-results-in-current-alzheimer-research
#9
Pia Erdmann, Martin Langanke
Based on an analysis of the potential consequences of disclosing AD suspicions from respective research and using the research ethical principle of non-maleficence, the authors of this paper argue for the thesis that the benefits of early AD detection in research outweigh the risk of potential adverse effects only in cases where studies are conducted with symptomatic people actively seeking for support, e. g. as they utilize the services of memory clinics. In the case of non-symptomatic volunteers, the result of the risk-benefit-assessment seems to be less distinctive...
September 7, 2017: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888280/intergenerational-transmission-of-parent-child-relationship-quality-evidence-from-a-multi-actor-survey
#10
Karsten Hank, Veronika Salzburger, Merril Silverstein
Intergenerational transmission is a long-standing interest of social science research. However, little attention has been devoted to the study of transmission of relationship quality between several generations of family members. Exploiting multigenerational multi-actor data from the German Family Panel (pairfam), we estimate multilevel models to investigate whether, in three-generation families, relationship quality between the middle generation and the oldest (that is, grandparent) generation predicts relationship quality between the youngest generation of adolescent children and the middle generation...
September 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887425/to-what-extent-and-why-adolescents-do-or-do-not-support-future-tobacco-control-measures-a-multimethod-study-in-the-netherlands
#11
Michael Schreuders, Naomi A Lagerweij, Bas van den Putte, Anton E Kunst
BACKGROUND: In the Netherlands, the adoption of new tobacco control measures is needed to further reduce rates of adolescent smoking. Adolescents' support for future measures could increase the likelihood of adoption as this provides political leverage for tobacco control advocates. There is, however, scant evidence about to what extent and why adolescents support future measures. We therefore assessed adolescents' support for a range of future measures and explored the criteria that adolescents use to underpin their support...
September 8, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885733/attachment-styles-pain-intensity-and-emotional-variables-in-women-with-fibromyalgia
#12
Cecilia Peñacoba, Soledad Perez-Calvo, Sheila Blanco, Lucía Sanroman
This study aims to explore the relations between attachment styles and pain intensity and certain emotional variables (anxiety, depression and alexithymia) in a sample of fibromyalgia patients, in comparison with healthy women. Data were collected from 146 women with fibromyalgia and 122 healthy women. The variables studied were attachment style, pain intensity, anxiety, depression and alexithymia dimensions. Patients with fibromyalgia showed lower percentages of secure attachment style (69.9% vs. 86%) whilst showing higher avoidant attachment (19...
September 8, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881363/-motivational-interviewing-with-alcohol-dependent-patients
#13
Michael Spaeth, Stefan Bleich, Thomas Hillemacher
Motivational interviewing with alcohol-dependent patients Alcohol-dependent patients do not need to be motivated from the outside. They are mostly ambivalent, and the inner voice, which already speaks for change (change talk), is heard through motivational interviewing, carefully strengthened and developed together with the patient. The practitioner has to deal with the human spirit of motivational interviewing and should be able to communicate with empathy, respect, congruence, and openness. The patient's autonomy should always be maintained...
September 2017: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881073/parental-professional-help-seeking-for-infant-sleep
#14
Pei-Wen Hsu, Wei-Wen Wu, Yi-Ching Tung, Karen A Thomas, Shao-Yu Tsai
AIMS: To explore the perceptions and experiences of parental professional help-seeking for infant sleep and sleep-related concerns. BACKGROUND: Infant sleep is a frequent concern for parents. However, very little is known about the reasons parents seek, do not seek, or delay seeking professional attention about their concerns related to infant sleep. DESIGN AND METHODS: A qualitative study design was used. Twenty audiotaped interviews with parents of healthy 12-month-old infants were conducted at a university-affiliated hospital or parents' homes depending on where parents felt more comfortable discussing their personal views and medical help-seeking experiences...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880103/close-social-ties-and-health-in-later-life-strengths-and-vulnerabilities
#15
Karen S Rook, Susan T Charles
The world is aging at an unprecedented rate, with older adults representing the fastest-growing segment of the population in most economically developed and developing countries. This demographic shift leaves much uncharted territory for researchers who study social relationships and health. Social relationships exert powerful influences on physical health in later adulthood, a critical consideration given age-related increases in the prevalence of chronic health conditions and physical disability. A large body of research indicates that older adults report greater satisfaction with their social networks than do younger adults, and that they often take measures to minimize their exposure to negative social encounters...
September 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872113/organotypic-hippocampal-slice-cultures-as-a-model-to-study-neuroprotection-and-invasiveness-of-tumor-cells
#16
Urszula Grabiec, Tim Hohmann, Niels Hammer, Faramarz Dehghani
In organotypic hippocampal slice cultures (OHSC), the morphological and functional characteristics of both neurons and glial cells are well preserved. This model is suitable for addressing different research questions that involve studies on neuroprotection, electrophysiological experiments on neurons, neuronal networks or tumor invasion. The hippocampal architecture and neuronal activity in multisynaptic circuits are well conserved in OHSC, even though the slicing procedure itself initially lesions and leads to formation of a glial scar...
August 27, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871216/motivational-interviewing-as-an-adjunct-to-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-anxiety-disorders-a-critical-review-of-the-literature
#17
Cameron L Randall, Daniel W McNeil
Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is efficaciously and effectively used in the treatment of anxiety disorders; however, as CBT for anxiety routinely utilizes exposure components, clients often experience ambivalence about treatment and their clinicians often must deal with resistance. Motivational Interviewing (MI) is a therapeutic strategy that addresses ambivalence about change in clinical interventions. MI has been applied as an adjunct for treatments such as CBT in order to increase motivation for and commitment to the intervention, especially when components of the treatment may be challenging (e...
August 2017: Cognitive and Behavioral Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863872/decision-making-in-fecal-occult-blood-test-compliance-a-quali-quantitative-study-investigating-motivational-processes
#18
G Broc, B Denis, J-B Fassier, I Gendre, P Perrin, B Quintard
The qualitative-quantitative study investigates the co-existence of barriers and levers to FOBT screening in 5894 individuals reluctant to be screened, identifying operational motivational patterns that may increase screening compliance. Co-occurrence analysis was performed according to three motivational conditions (barriers, levers, or both).Cluster analysis then identified motivational predictors of effective screening. One quarter of the individuals who had refused screening nevertheless expressed at least one motivation towards FOBT...
August 31, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857855/-it-was-the-only-thing-i-could-hold-onto-but%C3%A2-receiving-a-letter-of-condolence-after-loss-of-a-loved-one-in-the-icu-a-qualitative-study-of-bereaved-relatives-experience
#19
Nancy Kentish-Barnes, Zoé Cohen-Solal, Virginie Souppart, Marion Galon, Benoît Champigneulle, Marina Thirion, Marion Gilbert, Olivier Lesieur, Anne Renault, Maïté Garrouste-Orgeas, Laurent Argaud, Marion Venot, Alexandre Demoule, Olivier Guisset, Isabelle Vinatier, Gilles Troché, Julien Massot, Samir Jaber, Caroline Bornstain, Véronique Gaday, René Robert, Jean-Philippe Rigaud, Raphaël Cinotti, Mélanie Adda, François Thomas, Elie Azoulay
OBJECTIVES: Family members of patients who die in the ICU often remain with unanswered questions and suffer from lack of closure. A letter of condolence may help bereaved relatives, but little is known about their experience of receiving such a letter. The objective of the study was to understand bereaved family members' experience of receiving a letter of condolence. DESIGN: Qualitative study using interviews with bereaved family members who received a letter of condolence and letters written by these family members to the ICU team...
August 28, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857366/how-do-women-s-partners-view-perinatal-mental-health-services-a-qualitative-meta-synthesis
#20
Billie Lever Taylor, Jo Billings, Nicola Morant, Sonia Johnson
OBJECTIVES: Perinatal mental health difficulties are prevalent among women and can adversely affect their partners too. There is also increasing recognition that a woman's partner can play a vital role in relation to her perinatal mental health and should be supported and involved in decisions about her care. Yet it is unclear how services are experienced by the partners of women with perinatal mental health difficulties. This study aimed to synthesize qualitative evidence of partners' views of perinatal mental health care...
August 30, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
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