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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238207/-who-s-actually-gonna-read-this-an-evaluation-of-staff-experiences-of-the-value-of-information-contained-in-written-care-plans-in-supporting-care-in-three-different-dementia-care-settings
#1
Corinne Drummond, Alan Simpson
BACKGROUND: Reports of increased healthcare bureaucracy and concerns over care plan quality have emerged from research and surveys into staff and service user experiences. Little is known of mental health staff perspectives on the value of written care plans in supporting dementia care. AIM: To investigate the experiences and views of staff in relation to care planning in dementia services in one National Health Service (NHS) provider Trust in England. METHOD: Grounded Theory methodology was used...
February 26, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223852/injured-workers-perception-of-loss-and-gain-in-the-return-to-work-process
#2
Hon Sun Lai, Grace Py Szeto, Chetwyn Ch Chan
When a worker is injured at work, he has to face a tough decision-making process about when and how to return to work (RTW). This study tests how the prospect theory can be applied to influence the injured workers' perceptions about this important choice. One hundred forty-one injured workers were presented with wage- and pain-related information in four different message framing (negatively or positively) and precision (smaller or larger number) conditions. After exposure to the specific combination of this wage and pain information, the participants were asked to express intentions to RTW in terms of perceived chance, confidence, and anticipated sick leave duration...
2017: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217589/relationship-between-attachment-styles-and-happiness-in-medical-students
#3
Marzyeh Moghadam, Farzin Rezaei, Ebrahim Ghaderi, Negar Rostamian
BACKGROUND: Attachment theory is one of the most important achievements of contemporary psychology. Role of medical students in the community health is important, so we need to know about the situation of happiness and attachment style in these students. OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed to assess the relationship between medical students' attachment styles and demographic characteristics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on randomly selected students of Medical Sciences in Kurdistan University, in 2012...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216869/do-not-resuscitate-order-the-experiences-of-iranian-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-team-members
#4
Abdolghader Assarroudi, Fatemeh Heshmati Nabavi, Abbas Ebadi, Habibollah Esmaily
BACKGROUND: One dilemma in the end-of-life care is making decisions for conducting cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). This dilemma is perceived in different ways due to the influence of culture and religion. This study aimed to understand the experiences of CPR team members about the do-not-resuscitate order. METHODS: CPR team members were interviewed, and data were analyzed using a conventional content analysis method. RESULTS: Three categories and six subcategories emerged: "The dilemma between revival and suffering" with the subcategories of "revival likelihood" and "death as a cause for comfort;" "conflicting situation" with the subcategories of "latent decision" and "ambivalent order;" and "low-quality CPR" with the subcategories of "team member demotivation" and "disrupting CPR performance...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209606/long-term-experiences-of-norwegian-live-kidney-donors-qualitative-in-depth-interviews
#5
Käthe B Meyer, Ida Torunn Bjørk, Astrid Klopstad Wahl, Annette Lennerling, Marit Helen Andersen
OBJECTIVE: Live kidney donation is generally viewed as a welcome treatment option for severe kidney disease. However, there is a disparity in the body of research on donor experiences and postdonation outcome, and lack of knowledge on long-term consequences described by the donors. This study was conducted to provide insight into donors' subjective meanings and interpretation of their experiences ∼10 years after donation. DESIGN: Qualitative explorative in-depth interviews...
February 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206778/personal-and-cultural-identity-development-in-recently-immigrated-hispanic-adolescents-links-with-psychosocial-functioning
#6
Alan Meca, Raha F Sabet, Colleen M Farrelly, Cynthia G Benitez, Seth J Schwartz, Melinda Gonzales-Backen, Elma I Lorenzo-Blanco, Jennifer B Unger, Byron L Zamboanga, Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati, Simona Picariello, Sabrina E Des Rosiers, Daniel W Soto, Monica Pattarroyo, Juan A Villamar, Karina M Lizzi
OBJECTIVES: This study examined directionality between personal (i.e., coherence and confusion) and cultural identity (i.e., ethnic and U.S.) as well as their additive effects on psychosocial functioning in a sample of recently immigrated Hispanic adolescents. METHOD: The sample consisted of 302 recent (<5 years) immigrant Hispanic adolescents (53% boys; Mage = 14.51 years at baseline; SD = .88 years) from Miami and Los Angeles who participated in a longitudinal study...
February 16, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205022/understanding-breast-cancer-survivors-beliefs-and-concerns-about-adjuvant-hormonal-therapy-promoting-adherence
#7
Alejandra Hurtado-de-Mendoza, Roxanne E Jensen, Yvonne Jennings, Vanessa B Sheppard
Adjuvant hormonal therapy is recommended for women with hormone receptor (HR)-positive breast cancer. Though critical, many patients are non-adherent to this therapy. Few scales have been developed to specifically address beliefs about adjuvant hormonal therapy. This study explores the clarity and relevance of the Beliefs about Medicine Questionnaire (BMQ) in the context of adherence behaviors to hormonal therapy in Black and White breast cancer survivors. We recruited women diagnosed with HR-positive cancer from the Washington, DC, area...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202070/social-capital-and-job-satisfaction-among-substance-abuse-treatment-employees
#8
Andreas Tsounis, Dimitris Niakas, Pavlos Sarafis
BACKGROUND: Job satisfaction is an important predictor for management and clinical ratios. Although it is accepted that is affected by many aspects, the influence of social capital remains to be determined. The main purpose of the article is to examine the relationship between job satisfaction and individual social capital for employees offering services in the treatment of addiction. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 239 employees from 14 therapeutic programs at KETEA (Therapy Center for Dependent Individuals in Greece) (KETHEA)...
February 15, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198406/plasmonic-nanomeshes-their-ambivalent-role-as-transparent-electrodes-in-organic-solar-cells
#9
Christian Stelling, Chetan R Singh, Matthias Karg, Tobias A F König, Mukundan Thelakkat, Markus Retsch
In this contribution, the optical losses and gains attributed to periodic nanohole array electrodes in polymer solar cells are systematically studied. For this, thin gold nanomeshes with hexagonally ordered holes and periodicities (P) ranging from 202 nm to 2560 nm are prepared by colloidal lithography. In combination with two different active layer materials (P3HT:PC61BM and PTB7:PC71BM), the optical properties are correlated with the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of the solar cells. A cavity mode is identified at the absorption edge of the active layer material...
February 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197331/attachment-style-and-resiliency-in-patients-with-obsessive-compulsive-personality-disorder
#10
Ali Zakiei, Mostafa Alikhani, Vahid Farnia, Zinab Khkian, Jalal Shakeri, Sanobar Golshani
BACKGROUND: The goal of the present study was to determine the relationships between attachment styles and resiliency in obsessive-compulsive personality disorder. METHODS: A random sample of 260 subjects was obtained from the population of undergraduate students of the Nour Branch of Islamic Azad University, which is located in Mazandaran, and these subjects were enrolled in this descriptive and correlational study. The collected data included the subjects' responses to an adult attachment style questionnaire, resilience scale, and obsessive-compulsive personality disorder questionnaire...
January 2017: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194207/the-effects-of-motivational-interviewing-on-health-promoting-behaviors-of-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#11
Alireza Dashti, Hojatollah Yousefi, Jahangir Maghsoudi, Masoud Etemadifar
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic degenerative disease of the central nervous system (CNS) that can reduce health promoting behaviors in patients. One method of increasing health promoting behaviors is motivational interviewing that can explore and resolve client ambivalence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present clinical trial was carried out among 60 patients with MS. The participants were selected through convenience sampling, and then, allocated to two groups using Mini Pay software...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190701/parental-perception-and-factors-associated-with-treatment-strategies-for-primary-nocturnal-enuresis
#12
Thomson T Tai, Brent T Tai, Yu-Jun Chang, Kuo-Hsuan Huang
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate the factors influencing parents seeking reasonable managements for their child and their overall outlook toward primary nocturnal enuresis (PNE). STUDY DESIGN: We recruited 93 children with PNE from enuresis clinics and requested their parents to complete questionnaires regarding their child's medical history and behavior, their methods for coping with PNE, and their perception of enuresis. Logistic regression models were applied to investigate factors influencing the parents to adopt a positive approach toward enuresis and to subsequently seek a medical consultation...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183308/reasons-for-unmet-need-for-family-planning-with-attention-to-the-measurement-of-fertility-preferences-protocol-for-a-multi-site-cohort-study
#13
Kazuyo Machiyama, John B Casterline, Joyce N Mumah, Fauzia Akhter Huda, Francis Obare, George Odwe, Caroline W Kabiru, Sharifa Yeasmin, John Cleland
BACKGROUND: Unmet need for family planning points to the gap between women's reproductive desire to avoid pregnancy and contraceptive behaviour. An estimated 222 million women in low- and middle-income countries have unmet need for modern contraception. Despite its prevalence, there has been little rigorous research during the past fifteen years on reasons for this widespread failure to implement childbearing desires in contraceptive practice. There is demographic survey data on women's self-reported reasons for non-use, but these data provide limited insight on the full set of possible obstacles to use, and one may doubt the meaningfulness of explanations provided by non-users alone...
February 9, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178390/metabolic-and-hemodynamic-effects-of-sodium-dependent-glucose-co-transporter-2-inhibitors-on-cardio-renal-protection-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#14
REVIEW
Atsunori Kashiwagi, Hiroshi Maegawa
The specific Na+/glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2 inhibitors) inhibit glucose reabsorption in proximal renal tubular cells, and both fasting and postprandial glucose significantly decrease due to urinary glucose loss. As a result, pancreatic β-cell function and peripheral insulin action significantly improve with relief from glucose toxicity. Furthermore, whole body energy metabolism changes to relative glucose deficiency and triggers increased lipolysis in fat cells, and fatty acid oxidation and then ketone body production in the liver during treatment with SGLT2 inhibitors...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178272/psychobiological-factors-affecting-cortisol-variability-in-human-dog-dyads
#15
Iris Schöberl, Manuela Wedl, Andrea Beetz, Kurt Kotrschal
Stress responses within dyads are modulated by interactions such as mutual emotional support and conflict. We investigated dyadic psychobiological factors influencing intra-individual cortisol variability in response to different challenging situations by testing 132 owners and their dogs in a laboratory setting. Salivary cortisol was measured and questionnaires were used to assess owner and dog personality as well as owners' social attitudes towards the dog and towards other humans. We calculated the individual coefficient of variance of cortisol (iCV = sd/mean*100) over the different test situations as a parameter representing individual variability of cortisol concentration...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177781/-still-rather-hazy-at-present-citizens-and-physicians-views-on-returning-results-from-biobank-research-using-broad-consent
#16
Gaia Barazzetti, Samuele Cavalli, Lazare Benaroyo, Alain Kaufmann
AIMS: Informed consent and return of research results are among the most debated topics in the biobank literature. We discuss ethical, social, and policy issues associated with returning results in the context of biobanks using a broad consent approach, in the light of data from a qualitative survey of citizens' and physicians' views. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were collected through interviews and focus groups to investigate stakeholders' perspectives about a large-scale hospital-based biobank designed to foster biomedical research, including prospective genomics research, and "personalized" medicine...
February 8, 2017: Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177418/evaluating-public-and-regulatory-acceptance-for-urban-soil-management-approaches
#17
John F Obrycki, Nicholas T Basta, Robyn S Wilson
Regulators ( = 14) and the public ( = 30) were surveyed to compare how they perceived contaminated soil management strategies, including bioavailability assessments, using a mental models approach. Both groups proposed similar soil contamination definitions and agreed laboratory tests were needed to identify contaminants. When responding to open-ended questions about management options, regulators emphasized the risk assessment process, whereas the public noted specific treatment options. The majority of the public (68%) and regulators (86%) were concerned about particular contaminants...
January 2017: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173917/-i-m-not-sure-it-paints-an-honest-picture-of-where-my-health-s-at-identifying-community-health-and-research-priorities-based-on-health-assessments-within-an-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-community-a-qualitative-study
#18
Geoffrey K Spurling, Chelsea J Bond, Philip J Schluter, Corey I Kirk, Deborah A Askew
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health assessments are conducted annually in Australian primary care to detect risk factors, chronic diseases and implement preventive health measures. At the Inala Indigenous Health Service, health assessment data have also been used for research purposes. This research has been investigator-driven, which risks misinterpreting or ignoring community priorities compared with community-led research. The objective of this research was to learn about the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander community's health priorities that could be translated into research themes, and investigate these using health assessment data...
February 8, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168939/intensifying-embroilments-technosciences-imaginaries-and-publics
#19
Luigi Pellizzoni
A common thread in the contributions to this special issue can be found in the Foucauldian notion of intensification. Technoscientific imaginaries and publics have long been embroiled; yet, elements of novelty in their relationship can be detected in the ambivalence of the overcoming of traditional purification work; the expanding production of 'prototypical' truths; the uncertain threshold between publics of enquirers, witnesses and lookouts; and the growing indistinction of the everyday and the sublime, of trivial and non-trivial futures...
February 2017: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167309/provider-ambivalence-about-using-forensic-medical-evaluation-to-respond-to-child-abuse-a-content-and-discourse-analysis
#20
Marian Morris, Stephanie Rivaux, Monica Faulkner
Forensic medical evaluation rates for child abuse victims in Texas are low relative to national rates. In exploring reasons, researchers collected quantitative and qualitative interview and focus group data from multidisciplinary child abuse response team members across the state. This paper presents results of a secondary analysis of (N=19) health care providers' interview and focus group transcripts, looking specifically at experiences with conducting forensic evaluations - thoughts, struggles, and ethical issues...
February 2, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
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