keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

ambivalence

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351507/-i-smoke-like-this-to-suppress-these-issues-that-are-flaws-of-my-character-challenges-and-facilitators-of-cessation-among-smokers-with-bipolar-disorder
#1
Jaimee L Heffner, Noreen L Watson, Jennifer B McClure, Robert M Anthenelli, Sarah Hohl, Jonathan B Bricker
OBJECTIVE: Smokers with bipolar disorder (BD) have low rates of successful quitting, yet no prior studies have evaluated the process of quitting among these smokers in the context of a current quit attempt. To facilitate development of more effective interventions, we conducted a qualitative exploration of challenges and facilitators of quitting in an intervention study for smokers with BD. METHODS: Participants were adult daily smokers with BD (n = 10) who completed a 10-week smoking cessation intervention consisting of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) and nicotine patch...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350223/what-is-career-success-for-academic-hospitalists-a-qualitative-analysis-of-early-career-faculty-perspectives
#2
Ethan Cumbler, Essey Yirdaw, Patrick Kneeland, Read Pierce, Patrick Rendon, Carrie Herzke, Christine D Jones
BACKGROUND: Understanding the concept of career success is critical for hospital medicine groups seeking to create sustainably rewarding faculty positions. Conceptual models of career success describe both extrinsic (compensation and advancement) and intrinsic (career satisfaction and job satisfaction) domains. How hospitalists define career success for themselves is not well understood. In this study, we qualitatively explore perspectives on how early-career clinician-educators define career success...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343739/qualitative-systematic-review-of-barriers-and-facilitators-to-self-management-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-views-of-patients-and-healthcare-professionals
#3
REVIEW
Siân Russell, Oladapo J Ogunbayo, James J Newham, Karen Heslop-Marshall, Paul Netts, Barbara Hanratty, Fiona Beyer, Eileen Kaner
Self-management interventions for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) can improve quality of life, reduce hospital admissions, and improve symptoms. However, many factors impede engagement for patients and practitioners. Qualitative research, with its focus on subjective experience, can provide invaluable insights into such factors. Therefore, a systematic review and synthesis of qualitative evidence on COPD self-management from the perspective of patients, carers, and practitioners was conducted. Following a systematic search and screening, 31 studies were appraised and data extracted for analysis...
January 17, 2018: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341297/ligand-and-metal-based-reactivity-of-a-neutral-ruthenium-diolefin-diazadiene-complex-the-innocent-the-guilty-and-the-suspicious
#4
Vivek Sinha, Bruno Pribanic, Bas de Bruin, Monica Trincado, Hansjörg Grützmacher
Coordination of the diazadiene diolefin ligand trop2dad to ruthenium leads to various complexes of composition [Ru(trop2dad)(L)]. DFT studies indicate that the closed-shell singlet (CSS), open-shell singlet (OSS) and triplet electronic structures of this species are close in energy, with the OSS state being the lowest in energy for all tested functionals. Singlet state CASSCF calculations reveal a significant multireference character for these complexes. The closed-shell singlet wavefunction dominates, but these complexes have a significant (~8-16%) open-shell singlet [d7 Ru(I)(L)(trop2dad●-] contribution mixed into the ground state...
January 17, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338751/evaluation-of-the-effects-of-a-designated-program-on-illegal-drug-cessation-among-adolescents-who-experiment-with-drugs
#5
Chiu-Ching Chang, Jung-Yu Liao, Chiu-Mieh Huang, Hsiao-Pei Hsu, Chih-Che Chen, Jong-Long Guo
BACKGROUND: Studies indicate that adolescent-onset drug users experience a greater likelihood of dependence that continues into adulthood. The importance of early intervention was evident in treating adolescents before their substance use progressed. We examined the effectiveness of an intervention program that prevents students who experiment with drugs from reusing them. METHODS: The study was based on 10 out of 18 invited schools that were randomly assigned to either the intervention group (5 schools, n = 43) or the comparison group (5 schools, n = 41)...
January 16, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338536/p2y12-receptor-inhibitors-an-evolution-in-drug-design-to-prevent-arterial-thrombosis
#6
Danny Kupka, Dirk Sibbing
P2Y12 inhibitors are a critical component of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) - a combination of a P2Y12 receptor inhibitor and aspirin - which is the superior strategy to prevent arterial thrombosis in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and undergoing stent implantation. Areas covered: Basic science articles, clinical studies, and reviews from 1992-2017 were searched using Pubmed library to collet impactful literature. After an introduction to the purinergic receptor biology, this review summarizes current knowledge on P2Y12 receptor inhibitors including their specific pharmacodynamic as well as pharmacokinetic and drug interaction features...
January 17, 2018: Expert Opinion on Drug Metabolism & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336699/persistent-ambivalence-theorizing-queer-east-german-studies
#7
Kyle Frackman
The German Democratic Republic (GDR, East Germany) had an ambivalent relationship with homosexuality. Under the principles of socialism, everyone was welcome to contribute to the greater good. The situation for queer people, here lesbians and gay men, was different: one of illegality and invisibility. A difficulty in analyzing these experiences is the theory and methodology necessary to find them and draw them together in an historical narrative. This essay offers a mode of analysis in which theories of affect illustrate long-term trends in East German conceptualizations of same-sex sexuality...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324946/realities-and-perspectives-of-adolescent-mothers-in-their-first-pregnancy
#8
Rita de Cássia Andrade Neiva Santos, Raimunda Magalhães da Silva, Maria Veraci Oliveira Queiroz, Herla Maria Furtado Jorge, Aline Veras Morais Brilhante
OBJECTIVE: to understand the trajectory of adolescents regarding the first pregnancy, contemplating realities and perspectives. METHOD: qualitative study, based on the Schütz theoretical framework, with 30 adolescents assisted in an outpatient clinic for adolescents in Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil. From the narrative interviews carried out in the first semester of 2013, in the return for the first consultation of the puerperium, the communicative processes were identified, the central ideas and units of meanings expressed in the themes were abstracted: I was dating and became pregnant; realities and perspectives...
January 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319462/ability-of-hypnosis-to-facilitate-movement-through-stages-of-change-for-smoking-cessation
#9
Samantha O Munson, Arreed F Barabasz, Marianne Barabasz
On the basis of the transtheoretical model of change, we hypothesized that hypnosis would facilitate significantly greater movement through the stages of change toward smoking cessation in contrast to psychoeducation. Thirty participants were pretested for hypnotizability using the Elkins Hypnotizability Scale (EHS). Participants' readiness for change was assessed using the University of Rhode Island Change Assessment scale (URICA). The EHS relaxation induction was used to induce hypnosis. Hypnotic suggestions addressed motivation and ambivalence...
January 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318120/beyond-morality-assessment-of-the-capacity-of-faith-based-organizations-fbos-in-responding-to-the-hiv-aids-challenge-in-southeastern-nigeria
#10
Eze Edlyne Anugwom, Kenechukwu Anugwom
Background: For the world can get rid of the HIV/AIDS pandemic by 2030, there is need for more to be done especially in the case of countries in Africa. In Nigeria, such efforts have included Faith-Based Organizations (FBOs) recognized as partners in the National Response Framework. However, the extent to which these FBOs contribute to efforts to control the pandemic will depend on their capacity. Therefore, this study aimed to ascertain the technical and managerial capacity of these FBOs to respond to the pandemic in Nigeria...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316007/ambivalence-resolution-in-brief-psychotherapy-for-depression
#11
Cátia Braga, António P Ribeiro, Miguel M Gonçalves, João Tiago Oliveira, Alexandra Botelho, Helena Ferreira, Inês Sousa
Ambivalence in the process of psychotherapeutic change should be addressed and resolved if we are to avoid psychotherapeutic failure and promote sustained change. In this context, ambivalence can be defined as the cyclical conflictual relation between two opposed positions of the self: one expressed as an innovation, and a subsequent one expressed in a trivialization or rejection of the innovation (problematic position). This conflict may be resolved in two different ways: (a) the dominance of the innovative position and the consequent inhibition of the problematic one and (b) the negotiation between the innovative and the problematic positions...
January 7, 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315327/ambivalence-in-pregnancy-intentions-the-effect-of-quality-of-care-and-context-among-a-cohort-of-women-attending-family-planning-clinics-in-kenya
#12
Eliud Wekesa, Ian Askew, Timothy Abuya
CONTEXT: Ambivalence in pregnancy intentions is well-documented in sub-Saharan African (SSA) settings and has been associated with inconsistent use of contraception, thereby exposing women using contraception to the possibility of unintended pregnancies. A better understanding of the potential role for client counseling interventions in enabling women to achieve their pregnancy intentions is essential for aiding program efforts to reduce unintended pregnancies. OBJECTIVE: To measure ambivalence in pregnancy intentions longitudinally and determine its association with the quality of care received, controlling for demographic, socio-economic and contextual factors among a cohort of family planning (FP) clients in Kenya...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294885/intimate-partner-violence-and-controlling-behavior-among-male-same-sex-relationships-in-china-relationship-with-ambivalent-sexism
#13
Diandian Li, Lijun Zheng
In this study, we examined intimate partner violence (IPV), cold violence, and controlling behaviors in male same-sex relationships in China, with a focus on the characteristics of IPV and controlling behaviors, and their relationships with ambivalent sexism. IPV was categorized as psychological aggression, physical injury, physical assault, and sexual coercion and was measured using the revised Conflict Tactics Scales (CTS2), an eight-item scale measuring cold violence that was designed specifically for this study...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294802/attributing-responsibility-sexist-attitudes-perceived-social-support-and-self-esteem-in-aggressors-convicted-for-gender-based-violence
#14
Mónica Guerrero-Molina, Juan Manuel Moreno-Manso, Eloísa Guerrero-Barona, Beatriz Cruz-Márquez
This work analyzes how the assumption of responsibility by aggressors convicted for gender-based violence is related to sexist attitudes, self-esteem and perceived functional social support. Similarly, the predictive capacity of these variables is studied with respect to the aggressors' minimization of the harm done and a lack of attributing responsibility to themselves. The participants in the research were males condemned to prison sentences for crimes related with gender-based violence in Spain. The instruments applied were the Attribution of Responsibility and Minimization of Harm Scale, the Ambivalent Sexism Inventory (ASI), the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSE), the Functional Social Support Questionnaire (FSSQ), and the Social Desirability Scale (SDS)...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294752/the-intergenerational-legacy-of-genocidal-rape-the-realities-and-perspectives-of-children-born-of-the-rwandan-genocide
#15
Myriam Denov, Leah Woolner, Jules Pacifique Bahati, Paulin Nsuki, Obed Shyaka
Brutal acts of sexual violence were documented on a mass scale during the 1994 Rwandan genocide. While existing scholarship on sexual violence has significantly increased our understanding of the challenges confronting survivors, gaps in knowledge remain regarding the lived experiences of children born of genocidal rape. This study sought to explore the realities and perspectives of children born of genocidal rape, and the existing opportunities and challenges they experienced in postgenocide Rwanda. Interviews and focus groups were conducted with 60 participants born of genocidal rape in Rwanda...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290279/lived-experience-of-thai-women-with-alcohol-addiction
#16
Kulnaree Hanpatchaiyakul, Henrik Eriksson, Jureerat Kijsomporn, Gunnel Östlund
PURPOSE: This study explored the lived experiences of Thai women in relation to alcohol addiction in treatment. METHODS: Twelve women aged 20 to 65 years, were participated. The participants were recruited from two special hospitals and one outpatient clinic in a general hospital. Descriptive phenomenology was applied to analyze the transcripts of the individual interviews. RESULT: The explored phenomenon of Thai women experiencing alcohol addiction included four essential aspects, (1) feeling inferior and worthless (2) feeling physically and emotionally hurt, (3) fearing physical deterioration and premature death, and (4) feeling superior and powerful...
December 2017: Asian Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284547/involving-citizens-in-disinvestment-decisions-what-do-health-professionals-think-findings-from-a-multi-method-study-in-the-english-nhs
#17
Tom Daniels, Iestyn Williams, Stirling Bryan, Craig Mitton, Suzanne Robinson
Public involvement in disinvestment decision making in health care is widely advocated, and in some cases legally mandated. However, attempts to involve the public in other areas of health policy have been accused of tokenism and manipulation. This paper presents research into the views of local health care leaders in the English National Health Service (NHS) with regards to the involvement of citizens and local communities in disinvestment decision making. The research includes a Q study and follow-up interviews with a sample of health care clinicians and managers in senior roles in the English NHS...
December 29, 2017: Health Economics, Policy, and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279006/between-living-well-and-dying-well-existential-ambivalence-and-keeping-promises-alive
#18
Devin Flaherty
I explore the complexities of moral experience during the phase of life after a terminal diagnosis by examining the experiences of one woman living as a hospice patient in St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands. Introducing the notion of "existential ambivalence," I show that this can be a period of deep uncertainty, in which what matters to individuals can shift and fluctuate through time, not necessarily lining up with collective ideals of "the good death." I focus on a promise this woman made that continued to pull her toward a version of living well while she was also pulled toward dying...
December 26, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276095/an-ambivalent-common-bile-duct
#19
Vincent Zimmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 21, 2017: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248864/examination-of-approach-and-avoidance-inclinations-on-the-reinforcing-value-of-alcohol
#20
Emily T Noyes, Robert C Schlauch
Although behavioral economics tends to focus on environmental factors (i.e., price, availability) that act to influence valuation of alcohol, recent research has begun to address how motivational and cognitive factors influence an individual's demand for alcohol. Motivational states, including craving, are one possible mechanism underlying the value based decision making that demand represents. Using a multidimensional model of craving (Ambivalence Model of Craving), the current study examined the relationships between indices of alcohol demand (i...
December 6, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
keyword
keyword
84096
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"