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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449291/consumer-and-carer-perspectives-in-the-development-of-a-mental-health-research-treatment-and-teaching-facility-a-thematic-analysis
#1
M Katsikitis, B R Lane, I Ozols, D Statham
INTRODUCTION: Recovery-oriented mental health policies recognise consumer and carer participation in service decision-making as essential, but little is known about the views of these individuals in the earliest stages of service development. AIM: This study sought consumer and carer perspectives addressing the establishment of a mental health research, treatment, and teaching facility in their region. METHODS: Two 2 hr focus groups were conducted, with separate groups held for mental health consumers (n = 9) and carers (n = 9) respectively...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444530/-that-s-kind-of-one-of-our-jobs-sexual-activity-as-a-form-of-care-work-among-women-with-sexual-difficulties
#2
Amy Braksmajer
Willing engagement in unwanted or undesired sexual activity, often associated with fulfilling a partner's needs or sustaining intimate relationships, is common. Acquiescence with undesired sexual activity can be conceptualized as sexual care work, that is, domestic "labor" that women undertake with the goal of caring for their partners' well-being. Drawing on interviews with 53 women with dyspareunia (pain experienced during intercourse) and low desire, the aim of this study was to examine how women with sexual difficulties engage in sexual care work, the implications of the inability to perform such work for gender identity, and the ways in which sexual care work may blur the lines between women's perceptions of coercion and consent...
April 25, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441906/setting-priorities-for-eu-healthcare-workforce-it-skills-competence-improvement
#3
Sisi Li, Panagiotis D Bamidis, Stathis Th Konstantinidis, Vicente Traver, Josip Car, Nabil Zary
A major challenge for healthcare quality improvement is the lack of IT skills and knowledge of healthcare workforce, as well as their ambivalent attitudes toward IT. This article identifies and prioritizes actions needed to improve the IT skills of healthcare workforce across the EU. A total of 46 experts, representing different fields of expertise in healthcare and geolocations, systematically listed and scored actions that would improve IT skills among healthcare workforce. The Child Health and Nutrition Research Initiative methodology was used for research priority-setting...
April 1, 2017: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439148/do-you-have-anything-to-hide-infidelity-related-behaviors-on-social-media-sites-and-marital-satisfaction
#4
Brandon T McDaniel, Michelle Drouin, Jaclyn D Cravens
Social media provides one route to behaviors that may be potentially harmful to romantic relationships, such as communicating with alternative partners, which can sometimes create relationship conflict, breakups, or divorce. Limited empirical evidence exists concerning social media infidelity-related behaviors and marital relationships. This study examined whether married/cohabiting individuals are using social media sites to engage in online infidelity-related behaviors and to what extent this related to relationship satisfaction, ambivalence, and relational attachment characteristics as reported by 338 married/cohabiting individuals from 176 families...
January 2017: Computers in Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428716/transition-after-pediatric-liver-transplantation-perceptions-of-adults-adolescents-and-parents
#5
Norman Junge, Katarina Migal, Imeke Goldschmidt, Ulrich Baumann
AIM: To develop a locally adapted, patient-focused transition-program, we evaluated the perceptions of adult and adolescent patients and parents regarding transition-programs and transfer. METHODS: We evaluated these perceptions by analyzing the responses of pre-transfer adolescents (n = 57), their parents (n = 57) and post-transfer adults (n = 138) from a cohort of pediatric-liver-transplant-patients using a self-designed questionnaire. Furthermore, we compared a responder group with a non-responder group as well as the provided answers with baseline characteristics and clinical outcomes to exclude selection bias, characterize high-risk patients for non-adherence and test for gender differences...
April 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419700/pregnancy-ambivalence-and-long-acting-reversible-contraceptive-larc-use-among-young-adult-women-a-qualitative-study
#6
Jenny A Higgins
CONTEXT: Many young adults are unclear about how much they want to have, or prevent having, a baby. However, pregnancy ambivalence is an underexamined factor in the uptake of long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) methods-IUDs and implants-the most effective methods available. METHODS: In 2014, investigators conducted six focus groups and 12 interviews with 50 women aged 18-29 in Dane County, Wisconsin; participants were either university students or community residents receiving public assistance...
April 17, 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414261/-support-your-client-at-the-space-that-they-re-in-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-prescribers-perspectives-on-prep-related-risk-compensation
#7
Sarah K Calabrese, Manya Magnus, Kenneth H Mayer, Douglas S Krakower, Adam I Eldahan, Lauren A Gaston Hawkins, Kristen Underhill, Nathan B Hansen, Trace S Kershaw, Joseph R Betancourt, John F Dovidio
Despite the demonstrated effectiveness of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and evidence that most PrEP users do not engage in risk compensation (i.e., increased risk behavior due to a perceived decrease in HIV susceptibility), some healthcare providers report patient risk compensation to be a deterrent to prescribing PrEP. Overcoming this barrier is essential to supporting PrEP access and uptake among people at risk for HIV. To inform such efforts, this qualitative study explored PrEP-related risk compensation attitudes among providers with firsthand experience prescribing PrEP...
April 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411519/-breaking-good-news-neurologists-experiences-of-discussing-sudep-with-patients-in-scotland
#8
Tom Nisbet, Sue Turbull, Sharon Mulhern, Saif Razvi
Since the findings of a Fatal Accident Inquiry (FAI) in 2010, clinicians working in Scotland have been advised to discuss the risk of Sudden Unexpected Death in Epilepsy (SUDEP) with patients immediately or soon after a diagnosis of epilepsy is made. A thematic analysis was used to describe the experiences discussing SUDEP of 10 clinicians (six Consultant Neurologists and four Neurology Registrars) working in Scotland. Contrary to previous research, clinicians appear to be routinely discussing SUDEP in a standardized fashion with newly diagnosed patients and the FAI appears to have instigated this change in practice...
April 12, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409673/-como-si-nada-enduring-violence-and-diabetes-among-rural-women-in-southern-mexico
#9
Laura Montesi
Rural women in Southern Mexico link their diabetes to distressful life experiences rooted in ordinary violence. While much has been written on the use that diabetes sufferers make of their morbid condition as an idiom of distress, I investigate the personal and social effects that such an idiom has on women. As I illustrate, diabetes reflects an ambivalence that helps women to speak about the unspeakable and, at the same time, reinforces their ideas of culpability, namely that they are to blame for both the gendered violence that they endure and the diabetes from which they suffer...
April 14, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405700/-disorders-of-the-will-in-psychopathology
#10
REVIEW
T Fuchs, D Broschmann
At the beginning of modern psychopathology the notion of the will had a high significance. Thus, the works of Eugen Bleuler, Emil Krapelin and Karl Jaspers show an intensive study of disorders of the will, such as abulia, ambivalence or disorders of impulse control. Retrospectively, changes of the scientific paradigms in psychology could be one of the reasons for a break, which led to giving up the concept of the will in psychopathology. With increasing interest in issues of agency and free will, however, a reactivation of this central concept could close a gap in psychopathology as well as in therapeutic practice...
April 12, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401814/public-discourse-on-mental-health-and-psychiatry-representations-in-swedish-newspapers
#11
Robert Ohlsson
Mass media plays a central role in shaping public discourse on health and illness. In order to examine media representations of mental health and expert knowledge in this field, two major Swedish daily newspapers from the year 2009 were qualitatively analysed. Drawing on the theory of social representations, the analysis focused on how issues concerning mental health and different perspectives are represented. The results show how the concept of mental illness is used in different and often taken-for-granted ways and how the distinction between normal and pathological is a central underlying question...
January 1, 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398590/putting-race-in-context-social-class-modulates-processing-of-race-in-the-ventromedial-prefrontal-cortex-and-amygdala
#12
Rengin B Firat, Steven Hitlin, Vincent Magnotta, Daniel Tranel
A growing body of literature demonstrates that racial group membership can influence neural responses, e.g., when individuals perceive or interact with persons of another race. However, little attention has been paid to social class, a factor that interacts with racial inequalities in American society. We extend previous literature on race-related neural activity by focusing on how the human brain responds to racial out-groups cast in positively-valued social class positions vs. less valued ones. We predicted that the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) and the amygdala would have functionally dissociable roles, with the vmPFC playing a more significant role within socially valued in-groups (i...
April 7, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398140/ambivalently-post-lesbian-lbq-friendships-in-the-rural-midwest
#13
Clare Forstie
Using data from friendship interviews with lesbian, bisexual, and queer women in a small Midwestern city, I argue that non-urban communities might be characterized as ambivalently post-lesbian, as participants explain that shared identities "don't matter" in their friendships, while continuing to insist on the relevance of lesbian identity in their community. This research highlights three sets of concerns about lesbian communities, identities, and friendships. First, given the theoretical purchase of the concept of "post-gay" communities, there is a parallel need to develop the concept of "post-lesbian" as uniquely ambivalent and distinct from post-gay discourses, as the case of LBQ friendship demonstrates...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393324/maternal-prenatal-stress-and-other-developmental-risk-factors-for-adolescent-depression-spotlight-on-sex-differences
#14
Seth D Maxwell, Anna M Fineberg, Deborah A Drabick, Shannon K Murphy, Lauren M Ellman
Maternal stress during pregnancy has been linked to premorbid abnormalities associated with depression (e.g., difficult temperament, cognitive deficits) in offspring. However, few studies have looked across developmental periods to examine maternal stress during pregnancy and offspring depression during adolescence and whether these associations differ by sex. The current study used data from 1711 mother-offspring dyads (offspring sex: 49.8% male) in a longitudinal birth cohort study. Maternal narratives collected during pregnancy were qualitatively coded for stress-related themes by independent raters...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387730/mimilook-a-phylogenetic-workflow-for-detection-of-gene-acquisition-in-major-orthologous-groups-of-megavirales
#15
Sourabh Jain, Arup Panda, Philippe Colson, Didier Raoult, Pierre Pontarotti
With the inclusion of new members, understanding about evolutionary mechanisms and processes by which members of the proposed order, Megavirales, have evolved has become a key area of interest. The central role of gene acquisition has been shown in previous studies. However, the major drawback in gene acquisition studies is the focus on few MV families or putative families with large variation in their genetic structure. Thus, here we have tried to develop a methodology by which we can detect horizontal gene transfers (HGTs), taking into consideration orthologous groups of distantly related Megavirale families...
April 7, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387570/seeking-and-accepting-u-s-clergy-theological-and-moral-perspectives-informing-decision-making-at-the-end-of-life
#16
Justin J Sanders, Vinca Chow, Andrea C Enzinger, Tai-Chung Lam, Patrick T Smith, Rebecca Quiñones, Andrew Baccari, Sarah Philbrick, Gloria White-Hammond, John Peteet, Tracy A Balboni, Michael J Balboni
BACKGROUND: People with serious illness frequently rely on religion/spirituality to cope with their diagnosis, with potentially positive and negative consequences. Clergy are uniquely positioned to help patients consider medical decisions at or near the end of life within a religious/spiritual framework. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine clergy knowledge of end-of-life (EOL) care and beliefs about the role of faith in EOL decision making for patients with serious illness...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382210/the-global-governance-of-human-cloning-the-case-of-unesco
#17
Adèle Langlois
Since Dolly the Sheep was cloned in 1996, the question of whether human reproductive cloning should be banned or pursued has been the subject of international debate. Feelings run strong on both sides. In 2005, the United Nations adopted its Declaration on Human Cloning to try to deal with the issue. The declaration is ambiguously worded, prohibiting "all forms of human cloning inasmuch as they are incompatible with human dignity and the protection of human life". It received only ambivalent support from UN member states...
March 21, 2017: Palgrave Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381442/traversing-the-rna-world
#18
Witold Filipowicz
An invitation to write a ″Reflections″ type of article creates a certain ambivalence: it is a great honor but it also infers the end of your professional career. Before you vanish for good, your colleagues look forward to an interesting but entertaining account of the ups-and-downs of your past research and your views on science in general, peppered with indiscrete anecdotes about your former competitors and collaborators. What follows will disappoint those who await complaint and criticism, for example about the difficulties of doing research in the 1960s and 1970s in Eastern Europe, or those seeking very personal revelations...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375646/careography-staff-experiences-of-navigating-decisions-in-neonatology-in-denmark
#19
Laura E Navne, Mette N Svendsen
In this article, we explore medical doctors' moral experiences of being responsible for decisions on the lives and sometimes deaths of infants in a Danish Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). Drawing on fieldwork, we investigate how clinicians navigate the tension between exercising medical authority and enabling parental involvement in decisions. Introducing the term "careography", we call attention to how the doctors steer this tension through care for the infant, parents, colleagues, and society in ways that help them overcome moral ambivalences...
April 4, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374594/-non-specific-immunotherapy-inhibits-angiogenesis-results-of-the-monitoring-of-serum-levels-of-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-and-matrix-metalloproteinase-8-in-patients-with-malignant-melanoma-receiving-adjuvant-high-dose-interferon-therapy
#20
J Prošvicová, J Grim, J Kopecký, P Priester, I Slánská, P Trojanová, A Paulík, V Jílková, S Filip, Š Lukešová, P Prošvic, J Knížek, C Andrýs
OBJECTIVE: Interestingly, evidence is currently emerging that the activation of angiogenesis leads to immunomodulatory/immunosuppressive effects both at the local and systemic levels. These are very complex and interconnected processes. In this study, our aim was to establish interferon alpha-2b as an anti-angiogenic agent and show the complexity of angiogenesis and immunomodulation through the serum levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and matrix metalloproteinase 8 (MMP-8) in high-risk resected malignant melanoma before and after adjuvant therapy with high-dose interferon alpha-2b (HDI)...
2017: Epidemiologie, Mikrobiologie, Imunologie
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