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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158897/feminist-approaches-to-anorexia-nervosa-a-qualitative-study-of-a-treatment-group
#1
Su Holmes, Sarah Drake, Kelsey Odgers, Jon Wilson
Background: Eating disorders (EDs) are now often approached as biopsychosocial problems. But it has been suggested by scholars interested in sociocultural factors that all is not equal within this biospsychosocial framework, with the 'social' aspects of the equation relegated to secondary factors within ED treatment contexts. Although sociocultural influences are well-established as risk factors for EDs, the exploration of whether or how such perspectives are useful in treatment has been little explored...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157325/childhood-attachment-and-behavioral-inhibition-predicting-intolerance-of-uncertainty-in-adulthood
#2
Magdalena A Zdebik, Ellen Moss, Jean-François Bureau
Intolerance of uncertainty (IU), the tendency to react negatively to uncertain situations, has been identified as an important cognitive component of anxiety disorders, yet little is known about its etiology. Links to temperament, particularly behavioral inhibition (BI), and insecure attachment have been proposed in the development of IU, but no prospective empirical investigation has been performed thus far. In the current study, attachment to caregiver and BI of 60 children were assessed at age 6, using observational measures...
November 21, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152863/using-an-acculturation-stress-resilience-framework-to-explore-latent-profiles-of-latina-o-language-brokers
#3
Jennifer A Kam, Katerina M Marcoulides, Andy J Merolla
With survey data from 243 Latina/o early adolescent language brokers, latent profile analyses were conducted to identify different types (i.e., profiles) of brokers. Profiles were based on how often Latina/o early adolescents brokered for family members, as well as their levels of family-based acculturation stress, negative brokering beliefs, parentification, and positive brokering beliefs. Three brokering profiles emerged: (1) infrequent-ambivalents, (2) occasional-moderates, and (3) parentified-endorsers...
December 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144980/time-attitudes-predict-changes-in-adolescent-self-efficacy-a-24-month-latent-transition-mover-stayer-analysis
#4
Kevin E Wells, Michael T McKay, Grant B Morgan, Frank C Worrell
Increasingly, the study of temporal psychology is moving away from bivariate analyses towards person-centered analyses, which simultaneously account for scores on past, present and future dimensions. However, longitudinal studies are lacking. This study builds on a developing literature by examining the 24-month relationship between time attitudes and criterion variables. Four latent profiles called Positive, Ambivalent, Moderately Negative, and Negative, were identified. Results showed that time attitude profiles were generally unstable across the first three years of high school...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134867/the-best-of-leaders-at-the-worst-of-times-medical-scientist-and-war-premier
#5
Nicholas Coni
Professor Juan Negrín López was Prime Minister of the democratically elected left-wing government of Spain for the latter two-and-a-half years of the three-year Civil War which ravaged the country between 1936 and 1939. The side loyal to the government lost, partly because of the generous aid received by their opponents from Germany and Italy, partly because of the Anglo-French agreement, observed by most countries but ignored by Germany and Italy, to outlaw arms supplies to either side, partly because of internal dissent, and partly because of the greater military capability of the enemy...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134581/the-pain-of-ambivalence-over-emotional-expression
#6
Carol Wang, Celia C Y Wong, Qian Lu
PURPOSE: Ambivalence over emotional expression (AEE) is defined as the desire to express emotion but failing to do so. Recent studies have revealed that AEE is associated with more pain. Pain is common among cancer survivors. This cross-sectional study investigated the association between AEE and pain, its underlying mechanism, and cultural relevance among cancer survivors. METHODS: Ninety-six Chinese American breast cancer survivors completed a questionnaire package assessing AEE and pain...
November 13, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132284/love-matters-exploring-conceptions-of-love-in-rwanda-and-swaziland-and-relationship-to-hiv-and-intimate-partner-violence
#7
Allison Ruark, Erin Stern, Thandeka Dlamini-Simelane, Marie Fidele Kakuze
Health risks such as intimate partner violence (IPV) and HIV infection often occur within intimate sexual relationships, yet the study of love and intimacy is largely absent from health research on African populations. This study explores how women and men in Rwanda and Swaziland understand and represent love in their intimate sexual partnerships. In Rwanda, 58 in-depth interviews with 15 couples, 12 interviews with activists, and 24 focus group discussions were carried out during formative and evaluative research of the Indashyikirwa programme, which aims to reduce IPV and support healthy couple relationships...
December 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126149/-they-re-thinking-well-it-s-not-as-bad-i-probably-won-t-get-addicted-to-that-but-it-s-still-got-the-nicotine-in-it-so%C3%A2-maturity-control-and-socialising-negotiating-identities-in-relation-to-smoking-and-vaping-a-qualitative-study-of-young-adults-in-scotland
#8
Mark Lucherini, Catriona Rooke, Amanda Amos
Objective: To explore the understandings of and engagement with e-cigarettes, of young adults from disadvantaged backgrounds, and how these may be impacting upon existing smoking identities. Methods: Twenty-two small group and 11 individual qualitative interviews conducted in Central Scotland with 72 16-24 year olds between September 2015 and April 2016. Participants were mostly smokers and ex-smokers from socio-economically disadvantaged backgrounds. Results: While most participants had tried e-cigarettes, they generally held ambivalent views about e-cigarettes and vaping...
November 4, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120908/patients-beliefs-about-medicine-are-associated-with-early-thiopurine-discontinuation-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#9
Mark M T J Broekman, Marieke J H Coenen, Geert J Wanten, Corine J van Marrewijk, Wietske Kievit, Olaf H Klungel, André L M Verbeek, Dennis R Wong, Piet M Hooymans, Henk-Jan Guchelaar, Hans Scheffer, Luc J J Derijks, Marcel L Bouvy, Dirk J de Jong
BACKGROUND: Patients' beliefs about medicine may either reflect the necessity for treatment or concerns regarding the treatment. We explored the extent to which these beliefs have an effect on thiopurine metabolite levels and premature discontinuation in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients enrolled in the 'Thiopurine response Optimization by Pharmacogenetic testing in Inflammatory Bowel Disease Clinics' (TOPIC) trial were asked to complete the Beliefs about Medicine Questionnaire (BMQ) 4 weeks after thiopurine initiation...
November 8, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120283/expressions-of-prayer-in-residential-care-homes
#10
Sheryl Reimer-Kirkham, Sonya Sharma, Brenda Smith, Kelly Schutt, Kyla Janzen
Although the value of spiritual care in the care of older adults is supported by research, few studies have focused specifically on prayer in residential care settings. This ethnographic study with fifteen chaplains and administrators in eleven residential care homes involved analyses of walking interviews and research diaries. Findings revealed the spaces in which prayer happens and the forms it takes. The identities of chaplains-their own spiritual practices, religious beliefs, and positioning within the facility-shaped their dis/comfort with prayer and how they located prayer within public and private spaces...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119587/perceptions-and-expected-immediate-reactions-to-severe-storm-displays
#11
Ihnji Jon, Shih-Kai Huang, Michael K Lindell
The National Weather Service has adopted warning polygons that more specifically indicate the risk area than its previous county-wide warnings. However, these polygons are not defined in terms of numerical strike probabilities (ps ). To better understand people's interpretations of warning polygons, 167 participants were shown 23 hypothetical scenarios in one of three information conditions-polygon-only (Condition A), polygon + tornadic storm cell (Condition B), and polygon + tornadic storm cell + flanking nontornadic storm cells (Condition C)...
November 9, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114865/the-politics-of-nationalism-and-white-racism-in-the-uk
#12
Magne Flemmen, Mike Savage
This paper considers the contemporary significance of white racism and its association with nationalist sentiment amongst a cohort late middle aged white Britons, using survey responses and qualitative interviews from the 1958 National Child Development Study. We have shown that although overt racism is very limited, a substantial minority of white Britons display ambivalent feelings which have the potential to be mobilised in racist directions. We argue against the view that disadvantaged white working class respondents are especially xenophobic, and show that racist views are not strongly associated with social position...
November 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110522/gender-differences-in-the-experience-of-pain-dismissal-in-adolescence
#13
Eva C Igler, Ellen K Defenderfer, Amy C Lang, Kathleen Bauer, Julia Uihlein, W Hobart Davies
This study examined physician-generated pain dismissal experiences in adolescence between males and females. Young adults (ages 18-24, N = 178) with chronic or recurrent pain reported at least one pain dismissal experience in adolescence and answered a series of questions regarding the experience during this time period. Females were significantly more likely to report pain dismissal and a physician as the dismisser. Males were more likely to report that the dismisser expressed hostility toward them, feeling ambivalent regarding the dismissal experience, and a desire to avoid the dismisser...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109233/advance-care-planning-for-patients-with-chronic-respiratory-diseases-a-systematic-review-of-preferences-and-practices
#14
Lea J Jabbarian, Marieke Zwakman, Agnes van der Heide, Marijke C Kars, Daisy J A Janssen, Johannes J van Delden, Judith A C Rietjens, Ida J Korfage
BACKGROUND: Advance care planning (ACP) supports patients in identifying and documenting their preferences and timely discussing them with their relatives and healthcare professionals (HCPs). Since the British Thoracic Society encourages ACP in chronic respiratory disease, the objective was to systematically review ACP practice in chronic respiratory disease, attitudes of patients and HCPs and barriers and facilitators related to engagement in ACP. METHODS: We systematically searched 12 electronic databases for empirical studies on ACP in adults with chronic respiratory diseases...
November 6, 2017: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108986/-i-just-don-t-know-an-exploration-of-women-s-ambivalence-about-a-new-pregnancy
#15
Abigail Cutler, Blair McNamara, Neena Qasba, Holly Powell Kennedy, Lisbet Lundsberg, Aileen Gariepy
PURPOSE: We sought to examine how ambivalence manifests in women's lives after confirmation of a new pregnancy by exploring women's feelings, attitudes, and experiences regarding pregnancy intentions, the news itself, and related pregnancy decision making. STUDY DESIGN: We recruited women aged 15 to 44 and at less than 24 completed weeks of gestational age from urban, walk-in pregnancy testing clinics in New Haven, Connecticut, from June 2014 to June 2015. We obtained quantitative and qualitative data via an enrollment survey and face-to-face, semistructured interviews, respectively...
November 3, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105700/-seeking-compulsory-treatment-as-life-saving-in-the-presence-of-eating-disorders-a-complex-choice
#16
Walter Milano, Armando Cotugno, Riccardo Dalle Grave, Maria Gabriella Gentile, Giovanni Gravina, Caterina Renna, Pierandrea Salvo, Patrizia Todisco, Lorenzo Maria Donini
Eating disorders (and especially anorexia nervosa) are associated with severe disability, poor quality of life and high mortality rate. Anorexia nervosa ranks among the main causes of death among young women. Despite physical and psycho-social impairment, patients suffering from anorexia nervosa do not recognize low body weight and extreme calorie restriction as a clinical problem and are ambivalent towards treatment. Some patients with anorexia nervosa refuse treatments though presenting severe medical complications and having a high mortality risk...
September 2017: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105563/challenges-related-to-migration-and-child-attachment-a-pilot-study-with-south-asian-immigrant-mother-child-dyads
#17
Vanessa Lecompte, Diana Miconi, Cécile Rousseau
This pilot study examined psychological, social and cultural risk factors for child insecure attachment in a sample of South Asian immigrant families experiencing high migration stress in Montreal, Canada. Thirty-three participants were recruited through a local Health and Social Service organization. Maternal anxiety and depression, social support, and national and religious sense of belonging were assessed. Child attachment behaviors were coded from a 15 min free play period. Results indicated that maternal depressive symptoms were related to lower child attachment security scores...
November 6, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105016/vietnamese-refugee-elderly-women-and-their-experiences-of-social-support-a-multiple-case-study
#18
Sherry C Wang, John W Creswell, Dau Nguyen
This study sought to address the gaps in the literature on Asian American gerontology with a multiply marginalized group in terms of gender, immigration status, and context. Guided by a multiple case study approach, we sought to explore how social support was experienced by four Vietnamese elderly refugee women residing in different living arrangements (i.e., alone, with spouse, with adult children, or in a multigenerational household). Within-case analyses were conducted to yield descriptive information about each individual...
December 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102900/how-toxoplasma-and-malaria-parasites-defy-first-then-exploit-host-autophagic-and-endocytic-pathways-for-growth
#19
REVIEW
Isabelle Coppens
Infections caused by the apicomplexan parasites Plasmodium and Toxoplasma are wide-spread, life-threatening and therapeutically challenging. These pathogens are obligate intracellular microorganisms that invade mammalian cells by forming a self-made niche, the parasitophorous vacuole that is impervious to host lysosomal fusion. Shortly after invasion, a noncanonical xenophagic pathway resembling LC3-associated phagocytosis is activated by the host cell to control infections. However, Plasmodium and Toxoplasma have elaborated strategies to avoid clearance by the sentinel activities of the host autophagic system...
November 3, 2017: Current Opinion in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097905/how-organizational-research-can-avoid-the-pitfalls-of-a-co-optation-perspective-analyzing-gender-equality-work-in-austrian-universities-with-organizational-institutionalism
#20
Angelika Striedinger
The concept of co-optation offers vocabulary to discuss how concerns and demands of feminist movements are transformed on their way to, and within, mainstream organizations and policymaking. However, applications of this concept can have problematic implications, failing to grasp the complexity of social change efforts and contributing to divisions, rather than alliances, between different groups that work and fight for gender equality. This article argues that conceptual tools from organizational institutionalism can help to avoid these pitfalls by capturing the ambivalence of organizational change initiatives, and allowing us to identify not only counterintentional effects, but also subtle and unexpected opportunities of organizational gender equality work...
April 3, 2017: Int Fem J Polit
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