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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781234/the-unsafe-haven-eating-disorders-as-attachment-relationships
#1
Emma Forsén Mantilla, David Clinton, Andreas Birgegård
OBJECTIVES: Some patients with eating disorders (EDs) seem to experience their illness as an entity, a symbolic other to whom they relate, and which may influence both symptom levels and self-image. Extending previous research, this study investigated whether the patient-ED relationship has attachment qualities. DESIGN: Structural Analysis of Social Behaviour was used to operationalize the patient-ED relationship, and the Attachment Style Questionnaire was used to measure attachment...
May 21, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776393/medication-adherence-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-qualitative-study-of-the-patient-process-in-motivational-interviewing
#2
Jos Dobber, Corine Latour, Lieuwe de Haan, Wilma Scholte Op Reimer, Ron Peters, Emile Barkhof, Berno van Meijel
BACKGROUND: Motivational interviewing (MI) may be an effective intervention to improve medication adherence in patients with schizophrenia. However, for this patient group, mixed results have been found in randomized controlled trials. Furthermore, the process of becoming (more) motivated for long-term medication adherence in patients with schizophrenia is largely unexplored. METHOD: We performed a qualitative multiple case study of MI-sessions to analyse the interaction process affecting motivation in patients with schizophrenia...
May 18, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773152/is-expressive-suppression-harmful-for-chinese-american-breast-cancer-survivors
#3
Qian Lu, William Tsai, Qiao Chu, Jing Xie
Emotion regulation strategies are important for cancer survivors' adjustment. Expressive suppression, defined as the active effort of inhibiting the expressive component of an emotional response, has been found to be a maladaptive emotion regulation strategy. These studies, however, have been limited to cross-sectional designs and primarily European American samples. Chinese culture encourages emotion suppression to preserve interpersonal harmony and therefore it may be important to test these emotion regulation processes with this population...
June 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772910/qualitative-assessment-of-smoke-free-policy-implementation-in-low-income-housing-enhancing-resident-compliance
#4
Jodi Anthony, Roberta Goldman, Vaughan W Rees, Rochelle L Frounfelker, Jessica Davine, Robyn R Keske, Daniel R Brooks, Alan C Geller
PURPOSE: As public housing agencies and other low-income housing providers adopt smoke-free policies, data are needed to inform implementation approaches that support compliance. DESIGN: Focused ethnography used including qualitative interviews with staff, focus groups with residents, and property observations. SETTING: Four low-income housing properties in Massachusetts, 12 months postpolicy adoption. PARTICIPANTS: Individual interviews (n = 17) with property staff (managers, resident service coordinators, maintenance, security, and administrators) and focus groups with resident smokers (n = 28) and nonsmokers (n = 47)...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769459/the-framework-of-clinical-occupational-medicine-to-provide-new-insight-for-workaholism
#5
Quentin Durand-Moreau, Clarisse LE Deun, Brice Lodde, Jean-Dominique Dewitte
There is no single agreed definition of workaholism. Most interventions proposed for people suffering from workaholism target individuals. There is a paucity of descriptions of workplace risk factors. Our study examines case reports of patients suffering from workaholism with a focus on the role of the workplace. We describe case reports from patients of the Occupational Disease Centre in Brest, France between 2013 and 2016. Consultations were conducted within the framework of clinical occupational medicine with a focus on real work situations...
May 17, 2018: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768117/experiences-and-expectations-of-bereavement-contact-among-caregivers-of-patients-with-advanced-cancer
#6
Maisam Makarem, Shan Mohammed, Nadia Swami, Ashley Pope, Nanor Kevork, Monika Krzyzanowska, Gary Rodin, Breffni Hannon, Camilla Zimmermann
BACKGROUND: Contact with bereaved caregivers is not standard practice among cancer physicians, and little is known about its impact on caregivers. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to describe the experiences and opinions of caregivers regarding bereavement contact from healthcare providers (HCP). DESIGN: Semistructured qualitative interviews were conducted with 61 bereaved caregivers. SUBJECTS: Bereaved caregivers of advanced cancer patients who had completed a randomized controlled trial of an early palliative care intervention were approached one to five years after the patient's death...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767915/meaning-of-parenting-as-a-teenager
#7
Carolina Antolinez Figueroa, Carlos Julio Saavedra Cantor, Ana Helena Puerto Guerrero, Carol Margeth Calderón Romero
OBJECTIVES: Describe the meaning of parenting as a teenager. METHODS: Study of the qualitative approach with phenomenological approach in the fourth village of San Cristobal (Bogotá, Colombia). The information was obtained by means of semi-structed interviews, participant observation, photos, daily and focal groups field. The information analysis was performed using the phenomenological method of Amadeo Giorgi. RESULTS: The meaning of their parenthood in the adolescents revealed five units of sense: emotional ambivalence, paternity as a process of learning, changes in lifestyle, making a life project and support networks...
October 2017: Investigación y Educación en Enfermería
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758121/the-perspectives-of-former-recipients-and-experts-on-stigmatization-related-to-electroconvulsive-therapy-in-denmark-a-focus-group-study
#8
Iben Sylvia Kring, Maria Daniella Bergholt, Julie Midtgaard
INTRODUCTION: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) has existed worldwide for nearly 80 years. Although fast working and potentially life-saving, ECT is regarded as a strongly controversial treatment and stigmatization is frequently mentioned in relation to it. However, no systematic research in this area has taken place so far. AIM: The aim of this qualitative study was to explore the experiences and attitudes of former recipients of ECT and of experts professionally involved with ECT in order to identify potential stigmatization...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754115/delusional-misidentifications-in-a-procrustean-bed
#9
EDITORIAL
G N Christodoulou, M Margariti, N Christodoulou
The Delusional Misidentification Syndromes (DMSs) are characterized by defective integration of the normally The Delusional Misidentification Syndromes (DMSs) are characterized by defective integration of the normally fused functions of perception and recognition. The classical sub-types are: the syndromes of Capgras, Fregoli,Intermetamorphosis (mentioned in 3) and Subjective doubles. These syndromes occur in a clear sensorium and shouldbe differentiated from the banal transient misidentifications occurring in confusional states and in mania and from thenon-delusional misidentifications (e...
January 2018: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752754/reasons-for-ambivalence-about-accepting-addiction-as-a-reason-for-performing-euthanasia
#10
Wayne Hall, Malcolm Parker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751510/sod1-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-ambivalent-behavior-connected-to-the-disease
#11
REVIEW
Orietta Pansarasa, Matteo Bordoni, Luca Diamanti, Daisy Sproviero, Stella Gagliardi, Cristina Cereda
In 1993, Rosen and collaborators discovered that the gene encoding SOD1 has mutations in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients; moreover, these mutations are found in the exon regions, suggesting that their toxic effects are the consequence of protein dysfunction with an increase of oxidative stress. While a clear genetic picture has been delineated, a more complex scenario has been ascribed to the SOD1 protein. On the one hand, some evidence sustains the hypothesis of an additionally toxic role for wild-type SOD1 (WT-SOD1) in the pathogenesis of sporadic ALS...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751205/ambivalence-over-emotional-expression-and-perceived-social-constraints-as-moderators-of-relaxation-training-and-emotional-awareness-and-expression-training-for-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#12
Hannah J Holmes, Elyse R Thakur, Jennifer N Carty, Maisa S Ziadni, Heather K Doherty, Nancy A Lockhart, Howard Schubiner, Mark A Lumley
OBJECTIVE: Psychological treatments are generally beneficial for patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), but patients' responses vary. A prior randomized controlled trial found that both relaxation training (RT) and emotional awareness and expression training (EAET) were superior to a waitlist control condition for IBS symptoms, quality of life, depression, and anxiety among IBS patients (Thakur et al., 2017). METHOD: We conducted secondary analyses on these data to examine potential moderators of treatment outcomes...
May 3, 2018: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750347/-who-is-my-jung-the-progressive-though-sometimes-ambivalent-expansion-of-jung-s-idea-of-the-collective-unconscious-from-an-unconscious-humanity-to-in-all-but-name-the-soul-of-the-world
#13
Jules Cashford
This paper discusses Jung's idea of myth as a projection of the collective unconscious, suggesting that the term 'projection' separates human beings from nature, withdrawing nature's life into humanity. Jung's discovery of a realm independent of consciousness - in conversations with his soul in The Red Book, and in synchronicity, began a dialogue which finally brought him, through the Alchemical Mercurius, closer to the idea of a world-soul.
June 2018: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750345/paradoxical-affinities-otherness-and-ambivalence-as-creative-pathways
#14
Jan Wiener
Referring to her own background as the child of Jewish refugees forced to leave their countries of origin before the second World War, the author describes how her attitude towards Jung and his ideas has evolved. The role of paradoxical affinities that have affected the author's life and identity as a Jungian analyst are considered, alongside the impact of experiences of otherness whilst supervising and teaching abroad, particularly in Eastern Europe.
June 2018: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745680/associations-of-perceived-norms-with-intentions-to-learn-genomic-sequencing-results-roles-for-attitudes-and-ambivalence
#15
Allecia E Reid, Jennifer M Taber, Rebecca A Ferrer, Barbara B Biesecker, Katie L Lewis, Leslie G Biesecker, William M P Klein
OBJECTIVE: Genomic sequencing is becoming increasingly accessible, highlighting the need to understand the social and psychological factors that drive interest in receiving testing results. These decisions may depend on perceived descriptive norms (how most others behave) and injunctive norms (what is approved of by others). We predicted that descriptive norms would be directly associated with intentions to learn genomic sequencing results, whereas injunctive norms would be associated indirectly, via attitudes...
May 10, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745482/-%C3%A2-it-s-normal-to-get-old-and-weak-%C3%A2-should-functional-decline-be-addressed-with-elderly-patients-in-family-medicine
#16
Ophélie Viret, Joëlle Schwarz, Nicolas Senn, Yolanda Mueller
Among the health strategies to respond to the aging of the population, initiatives for the screening and management of age-related health issues are implemented, including in family medicine. Preliminary results of a qualitative study suggest that elderly people are ambivalent about anticipating age-related issues, tend to trivialize them and to be reluctant to discuss them spontaneously with their doctors. However, they find relevant that their family doctor brings up the topic with specific questions, because that allows initiating a discussion about some of these sensitive issue...
May 9, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742508/rising-above-it-status-ambivalence-in-older-adults
#17
Deirdre A Robertson, David Weiss
BACKGROUND: Social status is the standing of a person or group in the social hierarchy, and is perceived to change across the life span from low social status in early life, to peak in midlife, and to a decline thereafter. As threats to subjective social status are known to be detrimental to individuals' health, it is important to better understand how older adults perceive themselves and others in terms of age-related social status. OBJECTIVE: We examined status ambivalence - the potential discrepancy between how older adults' perceive social status for themselves compared to older adults in general...
May 9, 2018: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737938/how-can-men-convicted-of-violence-against-women-feel-moral-while-holding-sexist-and-violent-attitudes-a-homeostatic-moral-model-based-on-self-deception
#18
María L Vecina
A moral model is proposed to understand how men convicted of violence against the partner can feel moral in spite of their past violent behavior and their current violent and sexist attitudes. Because of its appeal to the role of self-deception and its relationship to psychological well-being, it was hypothesized that a rigid conception about what is right and wrong (moral absolutism) is associated with ambivalent outcomes that keep their psychological system in homeostasis. The relationships were specified a priori and tested using path analysis...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736929/determinants-of-regret-in-elderly-dialysis-patients
#19
Edlyn Gui Fang Tan, Irene Teo, Eric A Finkelstein, Choong Meng Chan
BACKGROUND: In Singapore, most elderly end stage renal disease (ESRD) patients choose dialysis over palliative management. However, dialysis may not be the optimal treatment option given only moderate survival benefits and high costs and treatment burden compared to non-dialysis management. Elderly patients may therefore come to regret this decision. This study investigated (1) extent of patients' decision regret after starting dialysis, and (2) potentially modifiable predictors of regret: satisfaction with chronic kidney disease education, decisional conflict, and decision-making involvement...
May 7, 2018: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735157/neural-correlates-of-drug-biased-choice-in-currently-using-and-abstinent-individuals-with-cocaine-use-disorder
#20
Scott J Moeller, Anna Zilverstand, Anna B Konova, Prantik Kundu, Muhammad A Parvaz, Rebecca Preston-Campbell, Keren Bachi, Nelly Alia-Klein, Rita Z Goldstein
BACKGROUND: The choice for drugs over alternative reinforcers is a translational hallmark feature of drug addiction. The neural basis of such drug-biased choice is not well understood, particularly in individuals with protracted drug abstinence who cannot ethically participate in studies that offer drug-using opportunities. METHODS: We developed a functional magnetic resonance imaging drug-choice task to examine the choice for viewing drug-related images, rather than for actually consuming a drug...
May 2018: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
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