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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637130/community-integration-and-life-satisfaction-among-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury-living-in-the-community-after-receiving-institutional-care-in-bangladesh
#1
Nayeema Ahmed, Mohammad Morshedul Quadir, Mohammad Akhlasur Rahman, Hasanat Alamgir
PURPOSE: This study reports level of community integration and life satisfaction among individuals who sustained traumatic spinal cord injuries, received institutional rehabilitation care services, and went back to live in the community in Bangladesh. It examines the impact of type of injury, demographic characteristics, socio-economic profile, and secondary health conditions on community integration and life satisfaction and explores the association between these two measures. METHOD: Individuals with spinal cord injury were telephone interviewed by the Centre for the Rehabilitation of the Paralysed, Bangladesh from February to June of 2014...
February 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599782/the-enduring-importance-of-family-wealth-evidence-from-the-forbes-400-1982-to-2013
#2
Philipp Korom, Mark Lutter, Jens Beckert
The richest 1 percent in the United States is a largely unexplored group, despite its ever-increasing share of the national wealth. The Forbes roster of the richest Americans has often been used to demonstrate the fading of nineteenth-century hereditary fortunes. Based on full panel data from the annual American Forbes 400 ranking (1982-2013), this article goes beyond previous work by examining not only the sources of the very wealthy but also the factors that increase or decrease the likelihood of remaining listed among the American super-rich and the typical patterns of mobility...
July 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595193/the-economic-consequences-of-acute-kidney-injury
#3
Samuel A Silver, Glenn M Chertow
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is an increasingly common condition associated with poor health outcomes. Combined with its rising incidence, AKI has emerged as a major public health concern with high human and financial costs. In England, the estimated inpatient costs related to AKI consume 1% of the National Health Service budget. In the United States, AKI is associated with an increase in hospitalization costs that range from $5.4 to $24.0 billion. The most expensive patients are those with AKI of sufficient severity to require dialysis, where cost increases relative to patients without AKI range from $11,016 to $42,077 per hospitalization...
June 9, 2017: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561647/social-media-and-mobile-technology-for-cancer-prevention-and-treatment
#4
Judith J Prochaska, Steven S Coughlin, Elizabeth J Lyons
Given the number of lives affected by cancer and the great potential for optimizing well-being via lifestyle changes, patients, providers, health care systems, advocacy groups, and entrepreneurs are looking to digital solutions to enhance patient care and broaden prevention efforts. Thousands of health-oriented mobile websites and apps have been developed, with a majority focused upon lifestyle behaviors (e.g., exercise, diet, smoking). In this review, we consider the use and potential of social media and mHealth technologies for cancer prevention, cancer treatment, and survivorship...
2017: American Society of Clinical Oncology Educational Book
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523606/frederick-yi-tung-cho-1939-2011-his-phd-days-in-biophysics-the-photosynthesis-lab-and-his-patents-in-engineering-physics
#5
Govindjee, John C Munday, George C Papageorgiou
We present here a Tribute to Frederick Yi-Tung Cho (1939-2011), an innovative and ingenious biophysicist and an entrepreneur. He was one of the 4 earliest PhD students [see: Cederstrand (1965)-Carl Nelson Cederstrand; coadvisor: Eugene Rabinowitch; Papageorgiou (1968)-George C. Papageorgiou (coauthor of this paper); and Munday (1968)-John C. Munday Jr. (also a coauthor of this paper)] of one of us (Govindjee) in Biophysics at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC) during the late 1960s (1963-1968)...
May 18, 2017: Photosynthesis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458611/can-role-models-boost-entrepreneurial-attitudes
#6
Katharina Fellnhofer, Kaisu Puumalainen
This multi-country study used role models to boost perceptions of entrepreneurial feasibility and desirability. The results of a structural equation model based on a sample comprising 426 individuals who were primarily from Austria, Finland and Greece revealed a significant positive influence on perceived entrepreneurial desirability and feasibility. These findings support the argument for embedding entrepreneurial role models in entrepreneurship education courses to promote entrepreneurial activities. This direction is not only relevant for the academic community but also essential for nascent entrepreneurs, policymakers and society at large...
2017: International journal of entrepreneurship and innovation management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443522/legal-and-organisational-innovation-in-the-italian-pharmacy-system-commercial-vs-public-interest
#7
Alceste Santuari
Pharmacy services are undoubtedly an important part of primary care. Pharmacists are entrepreneurs and simultaneously they are entrusted with a public mission in the health care sector. Pharmacies then reflect a contrast between a commercial/economic objective and public interest, which is to be identified with citizens' universal right to health care services. This is the reason why in Italy, as in many other EU countries, pharmacies supply their services according to a prior authorisation granted by public authorities...
April 26, 2017: Health Economics, Policy, and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439403/policy-entrepreneurship-and-policy-networks-in-healthcare-systems-the-case-of-israel-s-pediatric-dentistry-reform
#8
Nissim Cohen, Tuvia Horev
BACKGROUND: Can the entry of a policy entrepreneur challenge the equilibrium of a policy network and promote changes that might clash with the goals of powerful civil-servants and/or interest groups and, if so, why and how? Our goal is to examine two sides of the same coin: how does an in-depth analysis of Israel's dental care reform enrich our understanding of policy networks and policy entrepreneurship? Second, how does the literature on policy networks and policy entrepreneurship help us understand this reform? Based on a theoretical framework that appears in the literature of policy entrepreneurship and policy networks, we analyze the motivations, goals and strategies of the main actors involved in the process of reforming pediatric dental care in Israel...
2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438271/how-does-an-inventor-find-an-investor-or-partner-raising-funds-to-start-a-company
#9
Rudy A Mazzocchi
Rudy Mazzocchi has over 25 years of senior executive management, technology and intellectual property development, and financing experience in the medical-technology/biotechnology industries. He serves currently as cofounder/chief executive officer of ELENZA, Inc, an ophthalmology company that has developed an electro-active, autofocusing, implantable lens; executive chairman of Establishment Labs; executive chairman of LAFORGE Optical; and executive chairman of OptiSTENT, Inc. He served previously as managing director of Accuitive Medical Ventures and The Innovation Factory; cofounder/chief executive officer of Image-Guided NEUROLOGICS, acquired by Medtronic in 2005; and founding chief executive officer of MICROVENA Corporation, which became "eV3," acquired by Covidien...
May 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395239/eco-innovations-in-the-functioning-of-companies
#10
A Ociepa-Kubicka, P Pachura
The development of entrepreneurships in the 21st century cannot occur without taking care of the natural environment. The article presents issues related to eco-innovation. Despite the opportunities offered by eco-innovations, implementation of such initiatives remains to lead to various difficulties. They vary across countries and sectors. The insufficient number of enterprises in Poland and other European countries implement adequate level of eco-innovations. The main aim of this paper is to indicate the causes of this status and activities aimed to develop eco-innovativeness...
July 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386244/gender-based-differential-item-functioning-in-the-application-of-the-theory-of-planned-behavior-for-the-study-of-entrepreneurial-intentions
#11
Leonidas A Zampetakis, Maria Bakatsaki, Charalambos Litos, Konstantinos G Kafetsios, Vassilis Moustakis
Over the past years the percentage of female entrepreneurs has increased, yet it is still far below of that for males. Although various attempts have been made to explain differences in mens' and women's entrepreneurial attitudes and intentions, the extent to which those differences are due to self-report biases has not been yet considered. The present study utilized Differential Item Functioning (DIF) to compare men and women's reporting on entrepreneurial intentions. DIF occurs in situations where members of different groups show differing probabilities of endorsing an item despite possessing the same level of the ability that the item is intended to measure...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385393/how-scientists-can-become-entrepreneurs
#12
Jonathan N Thon, Sven Karlsson
Translating basic research discoveries through entrepreneurship must be scientist driven and institutionally supported to be successful (not the other way around). Here, we describe why scientists should engage in entrepreneurship, where institutional support for scientist-founders falls short, and how these challenges can be overcome.
April 3, 2017: Trends in Biochemical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358527/-going-out-of-the-box-close-intercultural-friendships-and-romantic-relationships-spark-creativity-workplace-innovation-and-entrepreneurship
#13
Jackson G Lu, Andrew C Hafenbrack, Paul W Eastwick, Dan J Wang, William W Maddux, Adam D Galinsky
The present research investigates whether close intercultural relationships promote creativity, workplace innovation, and entrepreneurship-outcomes vital to individual and organizational success. We triangulate on these questions with multiple methods (longitudinal, experimental, and field studies), diverse population samples (MBA students, employees, and professional repatriates), and both laboratory and real-world measures. Using a longitudinal design over a 10-month MBA program, Study 1 found that intercultural dating predicted improved creative performance on both divergent and convergent thinking tasks...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333500/catching-fire-and-spreading-it-a-glimpse-into-displayed-entrepreneurial-passion-in-crowdfunding-campaigns
#14
Junchao Jason Li, Xiao-Ping Chen, Suresh Kotha, Greg Fisher
Crowdfunding is an emerging phenomenon that enables entrepreneurs to solicit financial contributions for new projects from mass audiences. Drawing on the elaboration likelihood model of persuasion and emotional contagion theory, the authors examined the importance of displayed entrepreneurial passion when seeking resources in a crowdfunding context. They proposed that entrepreneurs' displayed passion in the introductory video for a crowdfunding project increases viewers' experienced enthusiasm about the project (i...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303114/mentoring-top-leadership-promotes-organizational-innovativeness-through-psychological-safety-and-is-moderated-by-cognitive-adaptability
#15
James H Moore, Zhongming Wang
Mentoring continues to build momentum among startups and established enterprises due to its positive impact on individuals and organizations. Unlike previous studies, this research focuses on mentoring higher level leadership, such as the CEO, and demonstrates its unique relationship to organizational innovativeness. Our sample included 200 mentored executives and entrepreneurs who personally identify and exploit opportunities. Our findings confirm that mentoring top leaders positively relates to their perceived innovativeness of the organization and that the relationship is mediated by these leaders' perception of psychological safety within the organization...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295978/entrepreneurial-and-parental-love-are-they-the-same
#16
Marja-Liisa Halko, Tom Lahti, Kaisa Hytönen, Iiro P Jääskeläinen
Here we tested the hypothesis that entrepreneurs' emotional experience and brain responses toward their own firm resemble those of parents toward their own children. Using fMRI, we measured the brain activity while male entrepreneurs viewed pictures of their own and of a familiar firm, and while fathers viewed pictures of their own and of a familiar child. The entrepreneurs who self-rated as being very closely attached with their venture showed a similar suppression of activity in the posterior cingulate cortex, temporoparietal junction, and dorsomedial prefrontal cortex as fathers during viewing pictures of their own children versus familiar children...
June 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268949/teaching-biomedical-design-through-a-university-industry-partnership
#17
Lunal Khuon, Karl R Zum, Jane B Zurn, Gerald M Herrera
This paper describes a course that, as a result of a university-industry partnership, emphasizes bringing industry experts into the classroom to teach biomedical design. Full-time faculty and industry engineers and entrepreneurs teach the senior technical elective course, Biomedical System Design. This hands-on senior course in biomedical system design places varied but connected emphasis on understanding the biological signal source, electronics design, safety, patient use, medical device qualifications, and good manufacturing practices...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260413/the-institutional-logic-of-integrated-care-an-ethnography-of-patient-transitions
#18
James A Shaw, Pia Kontos, Wendy Martin, Christina Victor
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to use theories of institutional logics and institutional entrepreneurship to examine how and why macro-, meso-, and micro-level influences inter-relate in the implementation of integrated transitional care out of hospital in the English National Health Service. Design/methodology/approach The authors conducted an ethnographic case study of a hospital and surrounding services within a large urban centre in England. Specific methods included qualitative interviews with patients/caregivers, health/social care providers, and organizational leaders; observations of hospital transition planning meetings, community "hub" meetings, and other instances of transition planning; reviews of patient records; and analysis of key policy documents...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252096/boost-visas-for-foreign-entrepreneurs
#19
COMMENT
Vivek Wadhwa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246359/remembering-emil-von-behring-from-tetanus-treatment-to-antibody-cooperation-with-phagocytes
#20
EDITORIAL
Stefan H E Kaufmann
A century ago, Emil von Behring passed away. He was the first to be honored by the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1901 for the successful therapy of diphtheria and tetanus, which he had developed from the bench to the bed. He also contributed to the foundation of immunology, since his therapy was based on passive immunization with specific antisera. Being an ambitious character, he did not shy away from friction with his colleagues Paul Ehrlich and Elias Metchnikoff and his mentor, Robert Koch. Behring was not only an excellent translational researcher but also a successful entrepreneur and early proponent of public-private partnerships...
February 28, 2017: MBio
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