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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922583/reluctant-entrepreneurs-musicians-and-entrepreneurship-in-the-new-music-industry
#1
Jo Haynes, Lee Marshall
Changing labour conditions in the creative industries - with celebrations of autonomy and entrepreneurialism intertwined with increasing job insecurity, portfolio careers and short-term, project-based contracts - are often interpreted as heralding changes to employment relations more broadly. The position of musicians' labour in relation to these changes is unclear, however, given that these kinds of conditions have defined musicians' working practices over much longer periods of time (though they may have intensified due to well-documented changes to the music industry brought about by digitization and disintermediation)...
September 18, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895820/bob-kocher-believes-with-missionary-zeal-that-venture-capital-can-start-to-cure-what-ails-american-health-care
#2
Timothy Kelley
This upbeat doctor-policymaker-entrepreneur sees opportunity where others see a federal policy train wreck these days. For instance, he's pleased that both political parties seem to endorse a shift from fee-for-service to value-based care. However, continuing uncertainty about the individual market may chill new investment in that area for a while.
August 2017: Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895229/crisis-and-change-the-making-of-a-french-fda
#3
Constance A Nathanson, Henri Bergeron
Policy Points: Introducing a recent special issue of The Lancet on the health system in France, Horton and Ceschia observe that "the dominance of English as the language of science and, increasingly, global health too often closes the door on the history and experiences of others."(1) In that spirit, this manuscript presents a detailed case study of public health policy transformation in France in the early 1990s. It casts light on processes of policy change in a political and cultural environment very different from that of the United States, showing how the public health policy process is shaped by multiple contingencies of history, ideology, and politics...
September 2017: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872152/from-patient-to-patient-entrepreneur-development-of-an-ostomy-bag-sensor
#4
Michael Seres
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 5, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845728/perceptions-of-the-meaningfulness-of-work-among-older-social-purpose-workers-an-ecological-momentary-assessment-study
#5
Christina Matz-Costa, Stephanie Cosner Berzin, Marcie Pitt-Catsouphes, Cal J Halvorsen
The ecological momentary assessment (EMA) method was used to examine the antecedents and correlates of older adults' in-the-moment perceptions of meaning at work. Data were collected six times per day for 7 days from 30 older adults who were mostly social entrepreneurs and who were engaged in purpose work (i.e., work that addresses a social problem or issue). We found concurrent effects of two types of affective states (i.e., relaxed and energetic) and generative work behaviors (i.e., sharing information about one's work and encouraging/inviting others into one's work) on three measures of perceptions of meaningful work (i...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843639/characteristics-of-the-most-recently-awarded-magnetic-resonance-imaging-patents-in-the-united-states
#6
REVIEW
Sushma Gaddam, Gregory Lemberskiy, Andrew B Rosenkrantz
PURPOSE: To characterize recent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technical development and innovation based on data regarding MRI-related patents awarded in 2016. METHODS: The US Patent and Trademark Office website was searched for patents awarded in 2016 and an abstract containing "magnetic resonance." Patent characteristics were summarized. An MRI physicist classified patents' themes. RESULTS: A total of 423 MRI-related patents were awarded in 2016...
July 29, 2017: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804917/person-city-personality-fit-and-entrepreneurial-success-an-explorative-study-in-china
#7
Mingjie Zhou, Yixin Zhou, Jianxin Zhang, Martin Obschonka, Rainer K Silbereisen
While the study of personality differences is a traditional psychological approach in entrepreneurship research, economic research directs attention towards the entrepreneurial ecosystems in which entrepreneurial activity are embedded. We combine both approaches and quantify the interplay between the individual personality make-up of entrepreneurs and the local personality composition of ecosystems, with a special focus on person-city personality fit. Specifically, we analyse personality data from N = 26,405 Chinese residents across 42 major Chinese cities, including N = 1091 Chinese entrepreneurs...
August 13, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798213/providing-experiential-business-and-management-training-for-biomedical-research-trainees
#8
Kimberly A Petrie, Robert H Carnahan, Abigail M Brown, Kathleen L Gould
Many biomedical PhD trainees lack exposure to business principles, which limits their competitiveness and effectiveness in academic and industry careers. To fill this training gap, we developed Business and Management Principles for Scientists, a semester-long program that combined didactic exposure to business fundamentals with practical team-based projects aimed at solving real business problems encountered by institutional shared--resource core facilities. The program also included a retreat featuring presentations by and networking with local life science entrepreneurs and final team presentations to expert judges...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791534/human-capital-accumulation-and-its-effect-on-agribusiness-performance-the-case-of-china
#9
Thomas Bilaliib Udimal, Zhuang Jincai, Emmanuel Caesar Ayamba, Patrick Boateng Sarpong
This study investigates the effect of accumulated human capital on the performance of agribusinesses in China. Four hundred fifty agribusiness owners were interviewed for the study. Growth in sales over the last 5 years was used as a measure of performance. The following variables were reviewed and captured as those constituting human capital: education, raised in the area, parents being entrepreneurs, attending business seminars/trade fairs, managerial experience, similar work experience, cooperative membership, and training...
August 8, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782460/horticulture-in-portugal-1850-1900-the-role-of-science-and-public-utility-in-shaping-knowledge
#10
Ana Duarte Rodrigues, Ana Simões
In this paper, we address the emergence of horticultural practice, agents, spaces and institutions in the two urban settings of Lisbon and Porto, in Portugal, during the second half of the nineteenth century. We do so by following the networking activities of two players: the self-made horticulturist and entrepreneur José Marques Loureiro, who created, in Porto, a commercial horticultural establishment and founded the Journal of Practical Horticulture; and the agronomist Francisco Simões Margiochi, head of the gardens and green grounds department of the municipality, who created the first course on gardening and horticulture, and founded the Royal Horticultural Society, both in Lisbon...
August 7, 2017: Annals of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764720/setting-performance-based-financing-in-the-health-sector-agenda-a-case-study-in-cameroon
#11
Isidore Sieleunou, Anne-Marie Turcotte-Tremblay, Jean-Claude Taptué Fotso, Denise Magne Tamga, Habakkuk Azinyui Yumo, Estelle Kouokam, Valery Ridde
BACKGROUND: More than 30 countries in sub-Saharan Africa have introduced performance-based financing (PBF) in their healthcare systems. Yet, there has been little research on the process by which PBF was put on the national policy agenda in Africa. This study examines the policy process behind the introduction of PBF program in Cameroon. METHODS: The research is an explanatory case study using the Kingdon multiple streams framework. We conducted a document review and 25 interviews with various types of actors involved in the policy process...
August 1, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749057/how-long-a-life-is-enough-life
#12
Daniel Callahan, Willard Gaylin
Humans have long been troubled by the prospect of old age and its culmination in death. Whether to rebel against or accept this fate have been wrestled with down through the centuries. But new medical technologies and the growing science of aging have sided with rebellion. We know that aging can be pushed back and improved in its quality. That progress is well under way, but now intensified by many scientists and Silicon Valley entrepreneurs. In 2016, Mark Zuckerberg and Priscilla Chan pledged three billion dollars toward eventually "preventing, curing or managing all diseases...
July 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729307/occupational-class-differences-in-long-sickness-absence-a-register-based-study-of-2-1-million-finnish-women-and-men-in-1996-2013
#13
Johanna Pekkala, Jenni Blomgren, Olli Pietiläinen, Eero Lahelma, Ossi Rahkonen
OBJECTIVES: Sickness absence is consistently higher in lower occupational classes, but attempts to analyse changes over time in socioeconomic differences are scarce. We examined trends in medically certified sickness absence by occupational class in Finland from 1996 to 2013 and assessed the magnitude and changes in absolute and relative occupational class differences. DESIGN: Population-based, repeated cross-sectional study. SETTING: A 70% random sample of Finns aged between 25 and 63 years in the years 1996-2013...
July 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725137/psychological-determinants-of-entrepreneurial-success-and-life-satisfaction
#14
Aneta M Przepiorka
The presented study focused on different stages of the entrepreneurial process. The first group comprised those starting a new business and the second group those who have been through the whole process of creating a new business and have now been operating in the market. The general aim of the article was to examine the relationship between action orientation, hope, goal commitment, entrepreneurial success, and life satisfaction, and to determine the role of psychological characteristics (hope, action orientation) in the entrepreneurial process...
2017: Current Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673646/an-investor-perspective-on-forming-and-funding-your-medical-device-start-up
#15
REVIEW
Juan-Pablo Mas, Brian Hsueh
Novel and transformative medical technologies of all forms have the potential to make a significant positive impact on the lives of patients and on the health care system, and one common pathway for guiding such innovations from concept through commercialization is via the formation of a company. For entrepreneurs looking to build a medical technology company, several common challenges await, including questions around how and where to raise funding. Here, we review key considerations for the formation of medical technology companies as viewed through the lens of an investor...
June 2017: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671546/key-conditions-for-successful-serial-entrepreneurship-in-healthcare
#16
Cameron Piron
As a serial entrepreneur in the medical device industry, the author embraces Snowdon's (2017) effort to create and stimulate dialogue among experts in health system innovation in an effort to define and support Canada's innovation agenda. In this paper, he outlines some of the attributes and skills that companies need to launch their products and scale their companies. He also identifies the main conditions of an innovation ecosystem that create the necessary infrastructure to enable and support highly successful companies while allowing them to accelerate their growth...
2017: HealthcarePapers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666472/policy-entrepreneurship-in-the-reform-of-pediatric-dentistry
#17
Burton L Edelstein, William R Maas
In a recently published IJHPR article, Cohen and Horev ask whether an individual who holds rightful governmental power is able to effectively "challenge the equilibrium" in ways that might "clash with the goals" of an influential group". This question is raised within the context of a shift in governmental policy that imposed the potential for cost management by HMOs acting as financial intermediaries for pediatric dental care in an effort to provide Israeli children better access to affordable dental care...
June 30, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662685/policy-entrepreneurship-and-policy-networks-in-healthcare-systems-the-case-of-israel-s-pediatric-dentistry-reform
#18
Nissim Cohen, Tuvia Horev
BACKGROUND: Can the entry of a policy entrepreneur challenge the equilibrium of a policy network and promote changes that might clash with the goals of powerful civil-servants and/or interest groups and, if so, why and how? Our goal is to examine two sides of the same coin: how does an in-depth analysis of Israel's dental care reform enrich our understanding of policy networks and policy entrepreneurship? Second, how does the literature on policy networks and policy entrepreneurship help us understand this reform? Based on a theoretical framework that appears in the literature of policy entrepreneurship and policy networks, we analyze the motivations, goals and strategies of the main actors involved in the process of reforming pediatric dental care in Israel...
April 21, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637130/community-integration-and-life-satisfaction-among-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury-living-in-the-community-after-receiving-institutional-care-in-bangladesh
#19
Nayeema Ahmed, Mohammad Morshedul Quadir, Mohammad Akhlasur Rahman, Hasanat Alamgir
PURPOSE: This study reports level of community integration and life satisfaction among individuals who sustained traumatic spinal cord injuries, received institutional rehabilitation care services, and went back to live in the community in Bangladesh. It examines the impact of type of injury, demographic characteristics, socio-economic profile, and secondary health conditions on community integration and life satisfaction and explores the association between these two measures. METHOD: Individuals with spinal cord injury were telephone interviewed by the Centre for the Rehabilitation of the Paralysed, Bangladesh from February to June of 2014...
February 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599782/the-enduring-importance-of-family-wealth-evidence-from-the-forbes-400-1982-to-2013
#20
Philipp Korom, Mark Lutter, Jens Beckert
The richest 1 percent in the United States is a largely unexplored group, despite its ever-increasing share of the national wealth. The Forbes roster of the richest Americans has often been used to demonstrate the fading of nineteenth-century hereditary fortunes. Based on full panel data from the annual American Forbes 400 ranking (1982-2013), this article goes beyond previous work by examining not only the sources of the very wealthy but also the factors that increase or decrease the likelihood of remaining listed among the American super-rich and the typical patterns of mobility...
July 2017: Social Science Research
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