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A J Scheen
Dapagliflozin, a specific inhibitor of sodium-glu¬cose cotransporters type 2 (SGLT2, inhibits glucose reabsorp¬tion in renal tubules and thus promotes glucosuria. This effect results in a reduction in fasting and postprandial glycaemia and a decrease of glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c), with a minor risk of hypoglycaemia, a weight reduction and a reduction in arterial blood pressure. The efficacy of empagliflozin on HbA1c reduction increases according to the level of hyper¬glycaemia but decreases in patients with renal insufficiency...
October 2016: Revue Médicale de Liège
Marianna Maranghi, Anna Carnovale, Cosimo Durante, Giovanna Tarquini, Giusy Tiseo, Sebastiano Filetti
INTRODUCTION: Dapagliflozin (DAPA) (Farxiga or Forxiga) is a sodium glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor approved for type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM) treatment. AREAS COVERED: The review focuses on the pharmacokinetics (PK), pharmacodynamics(PD) and clinical studies published on DAPA. The authors searched PubMed database for English language studies describing DAPA characteristics and use in T2DM subjects published through June 2014. EXPERT OPINION: DAPA exhibits favorable PK and PD properties and is effective in reducing glycemic levels...
January 2015: Expert Opinion on Drug Metabolism & Toxicology
Greg L Plosker
Dapagliflozin (Forxiga(®), Farxiga(®)) is an orally administered sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitor used in the management of patients with type 2 diabetes. Dapagliflozin reduces renal glucose reabsorption by inhibiting the transporter protein SGLT2 in the renal proximal tubule, thereby increasing urinary glucose excretion and reducing blood glucose levels. Its mechanism of action is independent of insulin secretion or action; therefore, dapagliflozin provides complementary therapy when used in combination with other antihyperglycaemic drugs...
December 2014: Drugs
Ugne Sabale, Mattias Ekman, Ola Granström, Klas Bergenheim, Phil McEwan
AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess the long-term cost-effectiveness of dapagliflozin (Forxiga(®)) added to metformin, compared with sulfonylurea (SU) added to metformin, in Nordic Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients inadequately controlled on metformin. METHODS: Data from a 52-week clinical trial comparing dapagliflozin and SU in combination with metformin was used in a Cardiff simulation model to estimate long term diabetes-related complications in a cohort of T2DM patients...
February 2015: Primary Care Diabetes
(no author information available yet)
In the UK, diabetes mellitus affects around 3 million people, of whom over 90% have type 2 diabetes. Aims of treatment include minimising long-term complications (e.g. cardiovascular disease, blindness, chronic kidney disease, premature mortality) and avoiding unwanted effects of treatment (e.g. severe hypoglycaemia, weight gain). Management of diabetes includes patient support and education; addressing symptoms; lifestyle modification; targeting associated risk factors for cardiovascular disease; and surveillance for, and management of, complications including treatment-related hypoglycaemia...
September 2013: Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin
Greg L Plosker
Dapagliflozin (Forxiga®) is the first in a novel class of glucose-lowering agents known as sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors and is used in the treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes. By inhibiting the transporter protein SGLT2 in the kidneys, dapagliflozin reduces renal glucose reabsorption, leading to urinary glucose excretion and a reduction in blood glucose levels. Unlike oral antidiabetic drugs from several other classes, the efficacy of dapagliflozin is independent of insulin secretion and action...
December 3, 2012: Drugs
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