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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232726/-subtalare-screw-arthroereisis-for-the-treatment-of-symptomatic-flexible-pes-planovalgus
#1
Dariusch Arbab, Daniel Frank, Bertil Bouillon, Christian Lüring, Carsten Wingenfeld, Mona Abbara-Czardybon
Background The purpose of this study was to determine the functional outcomes and radiographic results of the talus-stop screw method as minimally invasive subtalar arthroereisis in pediatric and juvenile flexible flatfoot. Material and Methods We retrospectively evaluated 73 feet from 41 children using the talus stop-screw method, for the period between 2002 and 2011. The age at time of surgery ranged between nine and 14 years. The radiological assessment included measuring the calcaneal pitch, talar declination, talo-first metatarsal angle (Meary) and calcaneal-first metatarsal angle (Costa-Bartani) in the lateral view...
December 12, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232692/trachomatous-scarring-among-children-in-a-formerly-hyper-endemic-district-of-tanzania
#2
Jacob T Cox, Harran Mkocha, Beatriz Munoz, Sheila K West
BACKGROUND: Associations between repeated ocular infections with Chlamydia trachomatis in childhood and conjunctival scarring in adulthood are well established. Trachomatous scarring (TS) in children has also been observed in hyper-endemic areas, but data are scant regarding childhood scarring in areas where trachoma has been reduced to hypo-endemic levels. METHODS/PRINCIPLE FINDINGS: In this cross-sectional study, a random sample of children, ages 1-9 years, were selected from 38 communities in the formerly hyper-endemic district of Kongwa, Tanzania...
December 12, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232623/determinants-of-child-maltreatment-in-nepal-results-from-the-2014-nepal-multiple-indicator-cluster-survey-the-2014-nmics
#3
Madhu Sudhan Atteraya, Nasser B Ebrahim, Shreejana Gnawali
We examined the prevalence of child maltreatment as measured by the level of physical (moderate to severe) and emotional abuse and child labor, and the associated household level determinants of child maltreatment in Nepal. We used a nationally representative data set from the fifth round of the Nepal Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (the 2014 NMICS). The main independent variables were household level characteristics. Dependent variables included child experience of moderate to severe physical abuse, emotional abuse, and child labor (domestic work and economic activities)...
December 9, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232530/pediatric-endoscopic-pilonidal-sinus-treatment-a-revolutionary-technique-to-adopt-in-children-with-pilonidal-sinus-fistulas-our-preliminary-experience
#4
Ciro Esposito, Serena Izzo, Francesco Turrà, Mariapina Cerulo, Giovanni Severino, Alessandro Settimi, Marta Iannazzone, Lorenzo Masieri, Giuseppe Cortese, Maria Escolino
AIM: This study aimed to report our preliminary experience with pediatric endoscopic pilonidal sinus treatment (PEPSiT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the reports of 15 patients, 6 girls and 9 boys, with an average age of 16 years (range 13-18) with noninfected pilonidal sinus disease who underwent PEPSiT in our institution over an 18-month period. Four cases were redo-procedures, for recurrence of disease after open excision repair. Surgical outcomes of sinus healing, recurrence of disease, postoperative pain, hospital stay, analgesic requirements, and patient satisfaction levels were evaluated and a comparison analysis with classic open repair was performed...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232526/prevention-of-childhood-obesity-in-child-health-services-follow-up-of-the-primrose-trial
#5
Johanna Enö Persson, Benjamin Bohman, Per Tynelius, Finn Rasmussen, Ata Ghaderi
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is an urgent public health concern, and there's a need for long-term, high-quality, primary prevention trials targeting parents of young children. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the long-term effect of a parental support program based on motivational interviewing (MI). METHODS: A cluster randomized controlled trial was carried out in eight Swedish counties. Participating families (N = 1355) were enrolled when the child was 9 months old, and participated in nine sessions during ∼39 months...
December 12, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232413/determinants-of-dietary-diversity-and-the-potential-role-of-men-in-improving-household-nutrition-in-tanzania
#6
Justus Ochieng, Victor Afari-Sefa, Philipo Joseph Lukumay, Thomas Dubois
Good nutrition is a prerequisite for a healthy and active life, especially for agriculture-dependent households. However, diets in most households in Tanzania lack diversity because the intake of meat, poultry, fish, and vegetables and fruits is low. This study estimates factors influencing dietary diversity of the household, children under five years, and women using primary survey data. It qualitatively assesses male dietary patterns and men's potential role in improving the nutritional status of the entire household...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232321/elevated-interleukin-1%C3%AE-and-interleukin-6-levels-in-the-serum-of-children-with-hyperuricemia
#7
Yazhen Di, Jiapei Wang, Yuanling Chen, Nan Sun, Ling Wu, Xiahua Dai, Mengjiao Shen, Qianqian Ying, Shiwei Fu
PURPOSES: The aim of this study was to investigate the serum levels and clinical significance of interleukin 1β (IL-1β) and IL-6 in children with hyperuricemia (HUA). METHODS: We included 71 children with HUA and 71 children with no HUA as control subjects. Children with HUA were divided into groups I and II according to whether they had a history of acute gout-like attacks (including sudden monoarthritis of rapid onset with intense pain and swelling). Group I was examined twice (A, in the acute phase; B, in the remission phase)...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232303/totally-endoscopic-cardiac-surgery-for-atrial-septal-defect-repair-on-beating-heart-without-robotic-assistance-in-25-patients
#8
Quang-Huy Dang, Ngoc-Thanh Le, Cong-Huu Nguyen, Dac-Dai Tran, Do-Hung Nguyen, Trung-Hieu Nguyen, Thi-Hai-Linh Ngo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the effectivity and safety of totally endoscopic cardiac surgery without robotic assistance for atrial septal defect (ASD) closure on beating hearts. METHODS: Twenty-five patients (adults/children: 15/10) underwent ASD closure using nonrobotically assisted totally endoscopic approach on beating heart. Three 5-mm trocars and one 12-mm trocar were used, only the superior vena cava is snared, filling the pleural and pericardial cavities with CO2, and the heart was beating during the surgery...
December 7, 2017: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232055/outcome-of-orthodontic-palatal-plate-therapy-for-orofacial-dysfunction-in-children-with-down-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
F Javed, Z Akram, A P Barillas, S V Kellesarian, H B Ahmed, J Khan, K Almas
To evaluate the effects of orthodontic palatal plate therapy (OPPT) in the treatment of orofacial dysfunction in children with Down syndrome (DS). Indexed databases were searched. Clinical trials in DS allocated to test (treatment with palatal plates) versus control group (without palatal plates/special physiotherapy for orofacial stimulation) with follow-up of any time duration and assessing mouth closure, tongue position, active and inactive muscle function as outcomes. Study designs, subject demographics, frequency and duration of palatal plate therapy, method for assessment, follow-up period and outcomes were reported according to the PRISMA guidelines...
December 12, 2017: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231976/reduced-salivary-flow-rate-and-high-levels-of-oxidative-stress-in-whole-saliva-of-children-with-down-syndrome
#10
Natália Bertolo Domingues, Matheus Racy Mariusso, Marcia Hiromi Tanaka, Raquel Mantuaneli Scarel-Caminaga, Marcia Pinto Alves Mayer, Fernanda Lourenção Brighenti, Ângela Cristina Cilense Zuanon, Flávia Kazue Ibuki, Fernando Neves Nogueira, Elisa Maria Aparecida Giro
AIM: To investigate salivary parameters between children with Down Syndrome (DS) and without DS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Stimulated whole saliva was collected from 18 children with DS and 23 without DS. Salivary flow rate, pH, and salivary buffering capacity were determined. Cariogenic microorganisms were quantified by culture, and periodontopathogens by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. The antioxidant profile was quantified spectrophotometrically, while malondialdehyde (MDA) was quantified by high-performance liquid chromatography...
December 12, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231773/molecular-imaging-of-autism-spectrum-disorder
#11
Brian Jaeho Hwang, Mona Adel Mohamed, James Robert Brašić
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a condition with onset in early childhood characterized by marked deficits in interpersonal interactions and communication and by a restricted and repetitive range of interests and activities. This review points out key recent findings utilizing molecular imaging including magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) and nuclear neuroimaging techniques such as positron emission tomography (PET) and single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). MRS indicates an excitatory/inhibitory imbalance in high-functioning autism...
December 12, 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231431/-micro-invasive-embedding-combined-with-montelukast-sodium-for-children-cough-variant-asthma-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Xiaoyan Wang, Baoqin Liu, Bin Lu, Yanmei Zhang, Liran Wang, Haijin Li, Xue Han, Dan Ding
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of micro-invasive embedding combined with montelukast sodium and simple montelukast sodium for children cough variant asthma (CVA). METHODS: A total of 240 patients were randomly assigned into an observation group and a control group, 120 cases in each one. Considering of cases dropping, 101 patients in the observation group and 105 cases in the control group were included. Montelukast sodium chewable tablets were applied before sleep for 3 months in the control group, 5 mg a time, once a day...
March 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231322/-acupuncture-based-on-nourishing-spleen-and-kidney-and-dredging-the-governor-vessel-for-motor-function-and-adl-in-children-with-spastic-cerebral-palsy
#13
Yong Zhao, Zhenhuan Liu, Bingxu Jin
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of acupuncture based on nourishing spleen and kidney and dre-dging the governor vessel (GV) combined with rehabilitation and simple rehabilitation for children with spastic cere-bral palsy. METHODS: One hundred and twenty patients were randomly assigned into an observation group and a control group, 60 cases in each one. Physicotherapeutics and hand function training were used in the control group for 3 sessions with 20 d at the interval, 20 times as one session, once a day...
January 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230938/normal-aptt-in-children-with-mild-factor-xi-deficiency
#14
John Puetz, Christopher Hugge, Karen Moser
It has been suggested that persons with factor XI deficiency can have a normal activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT). This notion is based on limited data, especially in children. Because of the central role the aPTT plays in diagnostic algorithms for bleeding disorders, it is important to know if a normal aPTT eliminates the need for factor XI activity testing. Our institutional database contains seven children with factor XI deficiency, of whom four have a normal aPTT. This supports the hypothesis that children with factor XI deficiency can have a normal aPTT...
December 12, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230802/measurement-properties-of-instruments-that-assess-participation-in-young-people-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Francesca Lami, Kristine Egberts, Alexandra Ure, Rowena Conroy, Katrina Williams
AIM: To systematically review the measurement properties of instruments assessing participation in young people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHOD: A search was performed in MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and PubMed combining three constructs ('ASD', 'test of participation', 'measurement properties'). Results were restricted to articles including people aged 6 to 29 years. The 2539 identified articles were independently screened by two reviewers. For the included articles, data were extracted using standard forms and their risk of bias was assessed...
December 12, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230674/diet-and-activity-patterns-of-arsi-geladas-in-low-elevation-disturbed-habitat-south-of-the-rift-valley-at-indetu-ethiopia
#16
Kelil Abu, Addisu Mekonnen, Afework Bekele, Peter J Fashing
Understanding the basic natural history of threatened primate taxa is crucial to developing and implementing successful conservation strategies for them. Data on feeding ecology and activity patterns are particularly important for identifying the strategies through which primates invest time and foraging effort towards survival and reproduction at a given locale. Here, we report the results of the first study of the diet and activity budget of Arsi geladas, a population of < 1000 individuals endemic to a heavily disturbed region of the southern Ethiopian Highlands and believed to represent a new taxon of geladas...
December 11, 2017: Primates; Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230520/ipsilesional-functional-recruitment-within-lower-mu-band-in-children-with-unilateral-cerebral-palsy-an-event-related-desynchronization-study
#17
Alberto Inuggi, Michela Bassolino, Chiara Tacchino, Valentina Pippo, Valeria Bergamaschi, Claudio Campus, Valentina De Franchis, Thierry Pozzo, Paolo Moretti
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a group of non-progressive developmental movement disorders inducing a strong brain reorganization in primary and secondary motor areas. Nevertheless, few studies have been dedicated to quantify brain pattern changes and correlate them with motor characteristics in CP children. In this context, it is very important to identify feasible and complementary tools able to enrich the description of motor impairments by considering their neural correlates. To this aim, we recorded the electroencephalographic activity and the corresponding event-related desynchronization (ERD) of a group of mild-to-moderate affected unilateral CP children while performing unilateral reach-to-grasp movements with both their paretic and non-paretic arms...
December 11, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230479/effects-of-a-hybrid-education-programme-for-korean-mothers-of-children-with-atopic-dermatitis
#18
Je-Bog Yoo, Jennie C de Gagne, Seung-Hyeon S Jeong, Chan-Woo Jeong
Atopic dermatitis (AD), a common childhood skin disorder, can limit a child's learning and physical activities. South Korean mothers, as primary caregivers, experience anxiety and helplessness when caring for their ill children. The aim of this study was to develop an AD education programme (consisting of a face-to-face session followed by 8 online sessions) and evaluate its effects on anxiety, caregiving efficacy and caregiving behaviour among mothers of children with AD. Twenty mothers of patients with AD treated in a South Korean hospital received 1 on-site session and 8 weekly online modules...
December 12, 2017: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230311/household-water-insecurity-missed-schooling-and-the-mediating-role-of-caregiver-depression-in-rural-uganda
#19
C E Cooper-Vince, B Kakuhikire, D Vorechovska, A Q McDonough, J Perkins, A S Venkataramani, R C Mushavi, C Baguma, S Ashaba, D R Bangsberg, A C Tsai
Background: School attendance rates in sub-Saharan Africa are among the lowest worldwide, placing children at heightened risk for poor educational and economic outcomes. One understudied risk factor for missed schooling is household water insecurity, which is linked to depression among women and may increase children's water-fetching burden at the expense of educational activities, particularly among children of depressed caregivers. In this study conducted in rural Uganda, we assessed the association between household water insecurity and child school participation and the mediating pathways behind these associations...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230155/methodological-considerations-in-a-pilot-study-on-the-effects-of-a-berry-enriched-smoothie-on-children-s-performance-in-school
#20
Ulla Rosander, Kimmo Rumpunen, Viktoria Olsson, Mikael Åström, Pia Rosander, Karin Wendin
Berries contain bioactive compounds that may affect children's cognitive function positively, while hunger and thirst during lessons before lunch affect academic performance negatively. This pilot study addresses methodological challenges in studying if a berry smoothie, offered to schoolchildren as a mid-morning beverage, affects academic performance. The objective was to investigate if a cross-over design can be used to study these effects in a school setting. Therefore, in order to investigate assay sensitivity, 236 Swedish children aged 10-12 years were administered either a berry smoothie (active) or a fruit-based control beverage after their mid-morning break...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
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