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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457996/the-tyg-index-cutoff-point-and-its-association-with-body-adiposity-and-lifestyle-in-children
#1
Sarah A Vieira Ribeiro, Poliana C A Fonseca, Cristiana S Andreoli, Andréia Q Ribeiro, Helen H M Hermsdorff, Patrícia F Pereira, Silvia E Priore, Sylvia C C Franceschini
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the factors associated with insulin resistance in children aged 4-7 years, and to identify the cutoff point of the triglyceride-glucose index for the prediction of IR in this population. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 403 children from a retrospective cohort. Insulin resistance was also evaluated in a sub-sample using the HOMA index. Four indicators of body adiposity were assessed: body mass index, waist-to-height ratio, and the percentages of total and central body fat...
February 16, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457938/predicting-and-preventing-alcohol-relapse-in-alcohol-related-liver-disease
#2
Iyoni Ranasinghe, Jacqueline Sin, Ian Norman, Margaret Lau-Walker
BACKGROUND: despite a 450% increase in UK alcohol-related liver disease mortality over the past 30 years, little evidence-based guidance exists regarding preventing recidivism post-liver transplant for alcohol-related liver disease. METHOD: a systematic literature review was conducted to identify demographic variables predictive of alcohol relapse and effective psychosocial interventions for alcohol-related liver disease patients post-liver transplant. RESULTS: variables most significantly predictive of alcohol relapse post-transplant were-less than 12 months pre-liver transplant abstinence; patients with children; poor pre-liver transplant psychosomatic evaluation; non-compliance with post-liver transplant treatment plan; and patients with active insurance policies...
February 22, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457753/bone-strength-and-exercise-during-youth-the-year-that-was-2017
#3
Kathleen F Janz, Fatima Baptista
The positive effects of physical activity on bone strength are certain. However, researchers have yet to precisely quantify the contribution of specific characteristics of physical activity that affect bone strength in children and adolescents. This commentary highlights 2 noteworthy 2017 publications that addressed osteogenic physical activity dose-response issues. Both papers moved the field forward by providing new insights on physical activity exposures beyond high-impact loading. Koedijk et al's paper was selected because, to the best of our knowledge, it is the first systematic review to solely examine associations between sedentary behavior and indicators of bone strength...
February 19, 2018: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457644/trajectories-of-frontal-brain-activity-and-socio-emotional-development-in-children
#4
Kristie L Poole, Diane L Santesso, Ryan J Van Lieshout, Louis A Schmidt
Asymmetric frontal brain activity is thought to reflect individual differences in approach- and avoidance-oriented motivation and emotional experience. Using a prospective longitudinal design, the authors investigated whether trajectories of frontal electroencephalogram (EEG) asymmetry in children (Mage = 6.39 years at enrollment) predicted subjective, behavioral, and autonomic indices of socioemotional processes. Resting frontal EEG activity was measured across four separate repeated assessments spanning approximately 2 years...
February 19, 2018: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457580/food-and-beverage-intakes-according-to-physical-activity-levels-in-european-children-the-idefics-identification-and-prevention-of-dietary-and-lifestyle-induced-health-effects-in-children-and-infants-study
#5
Alba M Santaliestra-Pasías, Jaime E Llamas Dios, Ole Sprengeler, Antje Hebestreit, Stefaan De Henauw, Gabriele Eiben, Regina Felsö, Fabio Lauria, Michael Tornaritis, Toomas Veidebaum, Valeria Pala, Luis A Moreno
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity (PA) levels and dietary habits are considered some of the most important factors associated with obesity. The present study aimed to examine the association between PA level and food and beverage consumption in European children (2-10 years old). Design/Setting/Subjects A sample of 7229 children (49·0 % girls) from eight European countries participating in the IDEFICS (Identification and prevention of Dietary and lifestyle induced health EFfects In Children and infantS) study was included...
February 19, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457497/prevalence-and-demographic-correlates-of-overweight-physical-activity-and-screen-time-among-school-aged-children-in-urban-china-the-shanghai-study
#6
Xihe Zhu, Justin A Haegele, Yan Tang, Xueping Wu
This study reports the prevalence and demographic correlates of overweight, as well as meeting physical activity and screen time guidelines, in Chinese children. A representative sample of school-aged children ( n = 49 549) in Shanghai were participants. Children's anthropometrics were objectively measured; their physical activity and screen time, and demographic variables including age, sex, skill proficiency, sport affiliation, and transportation mode were self-reported. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted...
February 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457421/-minimally-invasive-elastic-intramedullary-nailing-for-the-treatment-of-radial-neck-fracture-in-children-a-report-of-18-cases
#7
Zhen Xu, Mei-Jin Hu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate effects of elastic stable intramedullary nails(ESIN) for the treatment of radial neck fracture in children. METHODS: From January 2014 to April 2017, 18 children with radial neck fractures were treated with minimally invasive internal fixation including 6 males and 12 females with an average age of 8.6 years old ranging from 4 to 15 years old; 7 cases were on the left, 11 cases on the right. According to Judet type, 5 cases were type II, 9 cases were type III, 1 case was type IVa, 3 cases were type IVb...
October 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457312/update-on-tuberculosis-biomarkers-from-correlates-of-risk-to-correlates-of-active-disease-and-of-cure-from-disease
#8
REVIEW
Delia Goletti, Meng-Rui Lee, Jann-Yuan Wang, Nicholas Walter, Tom H M Ottenhoff
Tuberculosis (TB) remains a devastating disease, yet despite its enormous toll on global health, tools to control TB are insufficient and often outdated. TB Biomarkers (TB-BM) would constitute extremely useful tools to measure infection status and predict outcome of infection, vaccination or therapy. There are several types of TB-BM: Correlate of Infection; Correlate of TB Disease; Correlate of Increased Risk of Developing Active TB Disease; Correlate of the Curative Response to Therapy; and Correlate of Protection (CoP)...
February 18, 2018: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457267/involving-children-and-young-people-in-clinical-research-through-the-forum-of-a-european-young-persons-advisory-group-needs-challenges
#9
REVIEW
Segolene Gaillard, Salma Malik, Jenny Preston, Begonya Nafria Escalera, Pamela Dicks, Nathalie Touil, Sandrine Mardirossian, Joana Claverol-Torres, Behrouz Kassaï
Children and young people are seen as fundamental to the design and delivery of clinical research as active and reflective participants. In Europe, involvement of children and young people in clinical research is promoted extensively in order to engage young people in research as partners and to give them a voice to raise their own issues or opinions and for their involvement in planning and decision making in addition to learning research skills. Children and young people can be trained in clinical research through participation in young person advisory groups (YPAGs)...
February 19, 2018: Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457208/children-deserve-smoke-free-world
#10
REVIEW
R Remesh Kumar, P R Jayakumar, R Krishna Mohan
Tobacco smoke, active or passive exposure was the major cause of preventable morbidity and mortality in the world during twentieth century and will continue to be the same in the twenty-first century also if the current trends continue. Both active and passive smoking are having significance in relation to child health. Exposure starts antenatally from placenta to the fetus and later phases through passive exposure to experimental and regular smoking and ultimately addiction and habitual smoking. Evidences are in favour of causal relationship with intrauterine growth restriction, sudden infant death syndrome, decreased pulmonary function, increased risk for respiratory tract infection, otitis media, wheeze, asthma, neurobehavioral disorders, cleft palate and triggering pathogenesis of fetal and childhood onset of adult diseases, especially pulmonary and cardio vascular diseases...
February 19, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457204/prevention-and-management-of-childhood-obesity
#11
Aashima Dabas, Anju Seth
Childhood obesity has been recognized as a global pandemic. Preventive strategies have proven to be the most effective public health intervention in curbing this pandemic. A multi-component approach involving dietary modification and advocacy for a healthy lifestyle comprising of regular physical activity, minimizing screen time and behavioral interventions have been found beneficial in preventing obesity. A life-cycle approach has been recommended where preventive interventions go as far back as affecting maternal, fetal and early childhood nutrition and lifestyle...
February 19, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456191/comparative-efficacy-of-low-dose-versus-standard-dose-azithromycin-for-patients-with-yaws-a-randomised-non-inferiority-trial-in-ghana-and-papua-new-guinea
#12
Michael Marks, Oriol Mitjà, Christian Bottomley, Cynthia Kwakye, Wendy Houinei, Mathias Bauri, Paul Adwere, Abdul A Abdulai, Fredrick Dua, Laud Boateng, James Wangi, Sally-Ann Ohene, Regina Wangnapi, Shirley V Simpson, Helen Miag, Kennedy K Addo, Laud A Basing, Damien Danavall, Kai H Chi, Allan Pillay, Ronald Ballard, Anthony W Solomon, Cheng Y Chen, Sibauk V Bieb, Yaw Adu-Sarkodie, David C W Mabey, Kingsley Asiedu
BACKGROUND: A dose of 30 mg/kg of azithromycin is recommended for treatment of yaws, a disease targeted for global eradication. Treatment with 20 mg/kg of azithromycin is recommended for the elimination of trachoma as a public health problem. In some settings, these diseases are co-endemic. We aimed to determine the efficacy of 20 mg/kg of azithromycin compared with 30 mg/kg azithromycin for the treatment of active and latent yaws. METHODS: We did a non-inferiority, open-label, randomised controlled trial in children aged 6-15 years who were recruited from schools in Ghana and schools and the community in Papua New Guinea...
February 15, 2018: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456128/transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-and-constraint-induced-therapy-in-cerebral-palsy-a-randomized-blinded-sham-controlled-clinical-trial
#13
Bernadette Gillick, Tonya Rich, Samuel Nemanich, Chao-Ying Chen, Jeremiah Menk, Bryon Mueller, Mo Chen, Marcie Ward, Gregg Meekins, Tim Feyma, Linda Krach, Kyle Rudser
We investigated the safety, feasibility, and efficacy of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) combined with constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) in children and young adults with unilateral cerebral palsy. Twenty participants were randomized to receive active or sham tDCS. The intervention consisted of 10 consecutive weekday sessions of tDCS applied to the non-lesioned hemisphere (20 min) concurrently with CIMT (120 min). Participants, caregivers, and interventionists were blinded to group assignment...
February 11, 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456117/extraordinary-daytime-only-urinary-frequency-in-childhood-prevalence-diagnosis-and-management
#14
Pierluigi Marzuillo, Mario Diplomatico, Rosaria Marotta, Laura Perrone, Emanuele Miraglia Del Giudice, Cesare Polito, Angela La Manna, Stefano Guarino
INTRODUCTION: Since standardization of the ICCS terminology, only two small case series of children with extraordinary daytime only urinary frequency (EDOUF) have been published. The aims of the present study were i) to describe a large cohort of children affected by EDOUF, to evaluate its rate among the main micturition pediatric disturbances, and to determine if there is different EDOUF onset among seasons; ii) to investigate possible associations with urodynamic abnormalities by non-invasive techniques; iii) to evaluate whether postponing micturition exercise (PME) can objectively verify the anamnestic data hinting at the EDOUF diagnosis; and iv) to determine the effect of postponing micturition at home...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455861/children-s-developing-ideas-about-knowledge-and-its-acquisition
#15
Samuel Ronfard, Deborah T Bartz, Liao Cheng, Xinkui Chen, Paul L Harris
We review key aspects of young children's concept of knowledge. First, we discuss children's early insights into the way that information can be communicated from informant to recipient as well as their active search for information via questions. We then analyze the way that preschool children talk explicitly and cogently about knowledge and the presuppositions they make in doing so. We argue that all children, irrespective of culture and language, eventually arrive at the same fundamental conception of knowledge in the preschool years...
2018: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455760/developing-a-partnership-for-change-the-national-collaborative-on-childhood-obesity-research
#16
The Writing Group For The National Collaborative On Childhood Obesity Research Nccor
Rising obesity rates in the U.S. over the past several decades, particularly among children and adolescents, led to an increased focus on research addressing obesity prevention and public- and private-sector initiatives on healthy eating and physical activity. Groups conducting prevention initiatives recognized that their ability to achieve and sustain cross-sector environmental, policy, and systems-level solutions was hampered by limited evidence in those areas. In 2007, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, NIH, and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation began to discuss forming a partnership that could accelerate progress to prevent childhood obesity by coordinating research and evaluation agendas and collaboratively building an evidence base...
March 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455756/a-randomized-trial-of-weight-change-in-a-national-home-visiting-program
#17
Debra Haire-Joshu, Cynthia D Schwarz, Karen Steger-May, Christy Lapka, Kenneth Schechtman, Ross C Brownson, Rachel G Tabak
INTRODUCTION: Clinical trials have demonstrated significant impact in reducing weight and incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, the intensity of these trials limits their scalability to real world settings. The purpose of this study was to embed a lifestyle intervention for overweight and obese mothers within the routine practice of a parent education, home visiting organization. DESIGN: Pragmatic trial that used a stratified random design. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Overweight or obese mothers of preschool children located across St...
March 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455340/an-international-clinical-study-of-ability-and-disability-in-adhd-using-the-who-icf-framework
#18
Soheil Mahdi, Nadia Ronzano, Ane Knüppel, José Carlos Dias, Ayman Albdah, Lin Chien-Ho, Omar Almodayfer, Annet Bluschke, Sunil Karande, Huei-Lin Huang, Hanna Christiansen, Mats Granlund, Petrus J de Vries, David Coghill, Rosemary Tannock, Luis Rohde, Sven Bölte
This is the fourth and final study designed to develop International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF, and children and youth version, ICF-CY) core sets for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). To investigate aspects of functioning and environment of individuals with ADHD as documented by the ICF-CY in clinical practice settings. An international cross-sectional multi-centre study was applied, involving nine units from eight countries: Denmark, Germany, India, Italy, Portugal, Saudi Arabia, Sweden and Taiwan...
February 17, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455289/fluoride-alters-serum-elemental-calcium-magnesium-copper-and-zinc-homeostasis-along-with-erythrocyte-carbonic-anhydrase-activity-in-fluorosis-endemic-villages-and-restores-on-supply-of-safe-drinking-water-in-school-going-children-of-nalgonda-district-india
#19
Arjun L Khandare, Vakdevi Validandi, Naveen Boiroju
The present study aimed to determine the serum trace elements (copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg)) along with erythrocyte carbonic anhydrase (CA) activity and effect of intervention with safe drinking water for 5 years in the school children of fluorosis endemic area. For this purpose, three categories of villages were selected based on drinking water fluoride (F): Category I (control, F = 1.68 mg/L), category II (affected F = 3.77 mg/L), and category III (intervention village) where initial drinking water F was 4...
February 17, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455220/how-do-physical-capacity-fatigue-and-performance-differ-in-children-with-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-compared-with-their-healthy-peers
#20
Akmer Mutlu, Halil Alkan, Tuzun Fırat, Aynur A Karaduman, Oznur T Yilmaz
OBJECTIVE: To compare the fatigue levels and energy expenditure of children with Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) at different functional levels with healthy children. METHODS: The cross-sectional study was carried out in the Unit of Pediatric Neuromuscular Diseases in the Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Science, Hacettepe University between March 2015 and January 2016. Fifty two children diagnosed with DMD in Level I-III according to the Brooke Functional Classification Scale and 17 healthy children were included in the study...
January 2018: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
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