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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933428/in-6-to-8-year-old-children-cardiorespiratory-fitness-moderates-the-relationship-between-severity-of-life-events-and-health-related-quality-of-life
#1
Markus Gerber, Katharina Endes, Serge Brand, Christian Herrmann, Flora Colledge, Lars Donath, Oliver Faude, Henner Hanssen, Uwe Pühse, Lukas Zahner
PURPOSE: In children, the pathways by which physical activity and fitness are associated with physical and psychological wellbeing are still not fully understood. The present study examines for the first time in young children whether high levels of cardiorespiratory fitness and physical activity moderate the relationship between severity of life events and health-related quality of life. METHODS: Three hundred and seventy-eight children (188 girls, 190 boys, M age = 7...
December 8, 2016: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933289/the-association-between-stress-measured-by-allostatic-load-score-and-physiologic-dysregulation-in-african-immigrants-the-africans-in-america-study
#2
Brianna A Bingham, Michelle T Duong, Madia Ricks, Lilian S Mabundo, Rafeal L Baker, Jean N Utumatwishima, Margaret Udahogora, David Berrigan, Anne E Sumner
INTRODUCTION: Allostatic load score (ALS) summarizes the physiological effect of stress on cardiovascular, metabolic and immune systems. As immigration is stressful, ALS could be affected. OBJECTIVE: Associations between age of immigration, reason for immigration, and unhealthy assimilation behavior and ALS were determined in 238 African immigrants to the United States (age 40 ± 10, mean ± SD, range 21-64 years). METHODS: ALS was calculated using 10 variables from three domains; cardiovascular (SBP, DBP, cholesterol, triglyceride, homocysteine), metabolic [BMI, A1C, albumin, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)], and immunological [high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP)]...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933108/postural-orientation-and-equilibrium-processes-associated-with-increased-postural-sway-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-asd
#3
Zheng Wang, Rami R Hallac, Kaitlin C Conroy, Stormi P White, Alex A Kane, Amy L Collinsworth, John A Sweeney, Matthew W Mosconi
BACKGROUND: Increased postural sway has been repeatedly documented in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Characterizing the control processes underlying this deficit, including postural orientation and equilibrium, may provide key insights into neurophysiological mechanisms associated with ASD. Postural orientation refers to children's ability to actively align their trunk and head with respect to their base of support, while postural equilibrium is an active process whereby children coordinate ankle dorsi-/plantar-flexion and hip abduction/adduction movements to stabilize their upper body...
2016: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932626/a-longitudinal-analysis-of-the-association-between-living-arrangements-and-health-among-older-adults-in-china
#4
Zi Zhou, Fanzhen Mao, Jiaping Ma, Shichao Hao, Zhengmin Min Qian, Keith Elder, Jason S Turner, Ya Fang
This article used the nationally representative Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey to explore the associations between living arrangements and health among older adults. Living arrangements were stratified into six categories. Health was measured by self-rated health, activities of daily living (ADL) disability, and cognitive impairment. Random-effects ordered probit regressions were applied. The results indicated that coresidence had a positive effect on self-rated health compared with living alone...
December 8, 2016: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932343/influence-of-the-day-care-home-and-neighbourhood-environment-on-young-children-s-physical-activity-and-health-protocol-for-the-playce-observational-study
#5
Hayley Christian, Clover Maitland, Stephanie Enkel, Georgina Trapp, Stewart G Trost, Jasper Schipperijn, Bryan Boruff, Leanne Lester, Michael Rosenberg, Stephen R Zubrick
INTRODUCTION: The early years are a critical period in a child's health and development, yet most preschool children fail to meet physical activity guidelines. Outside of the home and neighbourhood, children spend a large proportion of time within early childhood education and care (ECEC) services such as long day care. Research is required to determine how the design of day care outdoor (and indoor) spaces provides opportunities or constraints for physical activity. A significant evidence gap surrounds what objectively measured attributes of the home and neighbourhood environment influence preschoolers' physical activity...
December 8, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932193/associations-between-built-environment-and-physical-activity-of-7-8-year-old-children-cross-sectional-results-from-the-lithuanian-cosi-study
#6
Vilma Žaltauskė, Aušra Petrauskienė
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Research shows that regular engagement in physical activity in childhood is associated with multiple physical and psychosocial health benefits. The data on associations between children physical activity level and built environment in Lithuania are limited. The built environment is one of many variables thought to affect children physical activity level. But consequently there is growing interest in how physical environment influences physical activity of school age children...
November 21, 2016: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932041/source-apportionment-and-health-risk-assessment-of-heavy-metals-in-soil-for-a-township-in-jiangsu-province-china
#7
Yanxue Jiang, Sihong Chao, Jianwei Liu, Yue Yang, Yanjiao Chen, Aichen Zhang, Hongbin Cao
Human activities contribute greatly to heavy metal pollution in soils. Concentrations of 15 metal elements were detected in 105 soil samples collected from a typical rural-industrial town in southern Jiangsu, China. Among them, 7 heavy metals-lead, copper, zinc, arsenic, chromium, cadmium, and nickel-were considered in the health risk assessment for residents via soil inhalation, dermal contact, and/or direct/indirect ingestion. Their potential sources were quantitatively apportioned by positive matrix factorization using the data set of all metal elements, in combination with geostatistical analysis, land use investigation, and industrial composition analysis...
December 5, 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932019/time-trend-analyses-of-child-pedestrian-morbidity-in-japan
#8
S Nakahara, M Ichikawa, T Sakamoto
OBJECTIVES: Road traffic injuries, particularly pedestrian injuries, are a major health issue among children worldwide. The present study quantitatively analyzed the time trends of child pedestrian injuries in Japan from 1975 to 2013 by age. STUDY DESIGN: Time trend analysis of nationally aggregated data. METHODS: We analyzed police data on pedestrian injuries requiring medical treatment among children aged 0-15 years occurring between 1975 and 2013...
December 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931989/knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviors-of-the-italian-population-towards-neisseria-meningitidis-streptococcus%C3%A2-pneumoniae-and-hpv-diseases-and-vaccinations-a%C3%A2-cross-sectional-multicentre-study
#9
C de Waure, G Quaranta, C Ianuale, D Panatto, D Amicizia, L Apprato, P Campanella, M Colotto, C De Meo, F Di Nardo, E M Frisicale, D I La Milia, E Rizzitelli, S Aquilani, M P Briata, V Frumento, L Marensi, A Spadea, V Turello, R Gasparini, W Ricciardi
OBJECTIVES: This study addressed knowledge of Streptococcus pneumoniae, Neisseria meningitidis and human papillomavirus (HPV), and attitudes and behaviours towards vaccines against them. STUDY DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional, multicentre study. METHODS: Data were collected through a questionnaire administered to 530 adults who accessed four Departments of Prevention of the Italian National Health Service in 2013. RESULTS: Less than 50% of people gave the right answer to all the questions concerning the three diseases, but 96...
December 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931964/imaging-in-paediatric-rheumatology-is-it-time-for-imaging
#10
REVIEW
Paz Collado, Clara Malattia
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a heterogeneous group of arthritides characterized by chronic synovial inflammation that can lead to structural damage. The main objective of JIA therapies is to induce disease control to avoid disability in childhood. The advances in therapeutic effectiveness have created a need to search for imaging tools that describe more precisely disease activity in children with JIA. Musculoskeletal ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging have demonstrated to be more sensitive than clinical examination in early detection of synovitis...
August 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931340/utility-of-the-quantiferon-tb-gold-in-tube-assay-for-the-diagnosis-of-tuberculosis-in-moroccan-children
#11
S El Azbaoui, A Sabri, S Ouraini, A Hassani, A Asermouh, A Agadr, R Abilkassem, N Dini, M Kmari, A Akhaddar, Z Laktati, S Aieche, N El Hafidi, F Ben Brahim, A A Bousfiha, F Ailal, C Deswarte, E Schurr, L Amar, J Bustamante, S Boisson-Dupuis, J L Casanova, L Abel, J El Baghdadi
SETTING: The utility of interferon-gamma release assays (IGRAs), such as the QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube (QFT-GIT) test, in diagnosing active tuberculosis (TB) in children is unclear and depends on the epidemiological setting. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of QFT-GIT for TB diagnosis in children living in Morocco, an intermediate TB incidence country with high bacille Calmette-Gurin vaccination coverage. DESIGN: We prospectively recruited 109 Moroccan children hospitalised for clinically suspected TB, all of whom were tested using QFT-GIT...
December 2016: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931280/safety-profile-of-oral-immunotherapy-with-cows-milk-and-hen-egg-a-10-year-experience-in-controlled-trials
#12
Giovanni B Pajno, Lucia Caminiti, Fernanda Chiera, Giuseppe Crisafulli, Giuseppina Salzano, Stefania Arasi, Giovanni Passalacqua
BACKGROUND: Oral immunotherapy (OIT) for food allergy is gaining interest due to the favorable clinical results reported with cow's milk, hen egg and peanut. The safety of the procedure remains a critical aspect that can limit the introduction of OIT in clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: We described herein, in detail, the occurrence and characteristics of adverse events (AE) with OIT in children who participated in controlled trials at our unit. METHODS: The clinical records of 68 children who received active treatment (40 for cow's milk and 28 for hen egg) were carefully reviewed...
September 2016: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931275/serum-tryptase-level-and-inflammatory-markers-in-exhaled-breath-condensate-of-children-with-exercise-induced-symptoms
#13
Iwona Stelmach, Magdalena Zaczeniuk, Anna Sztafiska, Pawe Majak, Joanna Jerzyska, Anna Kuklinska-Pijanka, Wlodzimierz Stelmach
BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the biomarkers concentration in exhaled breath condensate (EBC) in schoolchildren with postexercise symptoms. We also evaluated changes in fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) value and the serum tryptase level after exercise. METHODS: One hundred children with postexercise symptoms were included. Methacholine challenge testing (MCT) was performed at visit 2, and exercise challenge testing (ECT) was performed at visit 3...
September 2016: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931254/feasibility-of-an-online-intervention-stak-d-to-promote-physical-activity-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Holly Blake, Helen Quirk, Paul Leighton, Tabitha Randell, James Greening, Boliang Guo, Cris Glazebrook
BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity has important health benefits for children with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), yet children and their parents face barriers to participation such as lack of self-efficacy or concerns around hypoglycaemia. Multimedia interventions are useful for educating children about their health and demonstrate potential to improve children's health-related self-efficacy, but few paediatric clinics offer web-based resources as part of routine care. The Steps to Active Kids with Diabetes (STAK-D) programme is an online intervention grounded in psychological theory (social cognitive theory) and informed by extensive preliminary research...
December 8, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931077/antibiotics-for-the-neurological-complications-of-lyme-disease
#15
REVIEW
Diego Cadavid, Paul G Auwaerter, Jeffrey Rumbaugh, Harald Gelderblom
BACKGROUND: Various central nervous system-penetrant antibiotics are bactericidal in vitro and in vivo against the causative agent of Lyme neuroborreliosis (LNB), Borrelia burgdorferi. These antibiotics are routinely used clinically to treat LNB, but their relative efficacy is not clear. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of antibiotics for the treatment of LNB. SEARCH METHODS: On 25 October 2016 we searched the Cochrane Neuromuscular Specialised Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, and Embase...
December 9, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931013/the-influence-of-ehlers-danlos-syndrome-hypermobility-type-on-motherhood-a-phenomenological-hermeneutical-study
#16
Stijn De Baets, Marieke Vanhalst, Marieke Coussens, Lies Rombaut, Fransiska Malfait, Geert Van Hove, Patrick Calders, Guy Vanderstraeten, Dominique van de Velde
BACKGROUND: The consequences of the Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome hypermobility type (EDS-HT) affect many aspects of daily life. "Living with limitations" is a central theme in the life of patients affected by this heritable disorder of connective tissue. The aim of the present study was to explore the lived experiences of women with EDS-HT concerning diagnosis, influence on daily life and becoming and being a mother. METHOD: A phenomenological-hermeneutical study, using in-depth interviews...
December 5, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930968/transformation-and-bioaccessibility-of-lead-induced-by-steamed-bread-feed-in-the-gastrointestinal-tract
#17
Junhong Kan, Jingke Sima, Xinde Cao
Accidental ingestion of contaminated soil has been recognized as an important pathway of human exposure to lead (Pb), especially for children through hand-to-mouth activities. Intake of food following the soil ingestion may affect the bioaccessibility of Pb in the gastrointestinal tract. In this study, the effect of steamed bread on the transformation and subsequent bioaccessibility of Pb in two soils was determined by the physiologically based extraction test (PBET). Two compounds, Pb(NO3)2 and PbCO3, were included in the evaluation for comparison...
December 5, 2016: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930438/sympathetic-neural-activity-metabolic-parameters-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-obese-youths
#18
Pau Redón, Guido Grassi, Josep Redon, Julio Álvarez-Pitti, Empar Lurbe
OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this cross-sectional study is to assess the cardiac autonomic neural activity in the presence of abnormally increased body weight in youths and its relationship to metabolic risk factors and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). METHODS: Sixty-four overweight and obese patients, aged 9-17 years, of both sexes, stratified according to the international BMI cut-off, were enrolled. Continuous ECG was recorded during 15 min in resting conditions, and the heart rate variability (HRV) was measured in the time domain, frequency domain and for nonlinear dynamics...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930380/vitamin-d-in-pediatric-gastrointestinal-disease
#19
Rajni Ahlawat, Toba Weinstein, Michael J Pettei
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to examine the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in pediatric gastrointestinal disease, specifically celiac disease and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD); to discuss the role of vitamin D and its deficiency in gastrointestinal disease pathophysiology; and to present current literature regarding diagnosis and treatment of vitamin D deficiency in these pediatric gastrointestinal diseases. RECENT FINDINGS: Vitamin D deficiency is common in children with gastrointestinal symptoms and disease processes...
December 7, 2016: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929670/physical-activity-and-changes-in-adiposity-in-the-transition-from-elementary-to-middle-school
#20
Marsha Dowda, Sharon E Taverno Ross, Kerry L McIver, Rodney K Dishman, Russell R Pate
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the longitudinal associations of objectively measured physical activity, sedentary behavior, and diet quality with two measures of adiposity and a measure of weight status. METHODS: A total of 658 children from 21 elementary schools (45.1% boys; 40% white, 33% black, 9% Hispanic, and 18% other race/ethnicity) were assessed at least twice in fifth, sixth, and/or seventh grade. Fat mass index (FMI), percent body fat (PBF), and BMI were calculated from body weight, standing and seated heights, and bioelectrical impedance (BIA) measured each year...
December 8, 2016: Childhood Obesity
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