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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772839/evaluation-of-a-pilot-school-based-physical-activity-clustered-randomised-controlled-trial-active-schools-skelmersdale
#1
Sarah L Taylor, Robert J Noonan, Zoe R Knowles, Michael B Owen, Bronagh McGrane, Whitney B Curry, Stuart J Fairclough
Schools are key environments in which physical activity (PA) can be promoted. Various strategies and opportunities should be used to engage children in PA within schools. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the multi-component Active Schools: Skelmersdale (AS:Sk) pilot intervention on children's PA and sedentary time (ST). The AS:Sk intervention was implemented for eight weeks in four schools with three control schools continuing normal practice. It consisted of eight components: active breaks, bounce at the bell, 'Born To Move' videos, Daily Mile or 100 Mile Club, playground activity challenge cards, physical education teacher training, newsletters, and activity homework...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754080/lead-in-spray-paint-and-painted-surfaces-in-playgrounds-and-public-areas-in-israel-results-of-a-pilot-study
#2
Tamar Berman, Zohar Barnett-Itzhaki, Shay Reicher, Ruti Ardi, Yaniv Shammai, Lior Aruas, Maya Negev
Exposure to low levels of lead in children can cause cognitive deficits (reduced IQ) and behavioral changes such as reduced attention span and increased antisocial behavior. There are no mandatory limits on lead in paint in Israel, with the exception of paints used on toys and children's furniture. However, paints in playgrounds and public areas may be a source of exposure to lead in young children. In this study, we quantified lead concentrations in painted surfaces in public playgrounds and public areas, and in spray paints in Israel, using X-ray fluorescence (XRF)...
May 10, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680110/increase-in-physical-activity-sustained-1-year-after-playground-intervention
#3
Madeline C Frost, Elena S Kuo, Lisa T Harner, Kelly R Landau, Katie Baldassar
INTRODUCTION: Regular physical activity is a vital component of child health, and schools play an important role in the promotion of physical activity among children. This paper describes the implementation and evaluation of a playground redesign involving structural and loose play equipment to increase students' physical activity at an intermediate school in Leadville, Colorado. METHODS: Direct observations were conducted during recess before the redesign in May 2014, then again at 6 months and 1 year after the redesign...
May 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678155/a-stepped-wedge-implementation-and-evaluation-of-the-healthy-active-peaceful-playgrounds-for-youth-happy-intervention
#4
Dean Dudley, Wayne Cotton, Louisa Peralta, Matthew Winslade
BACKGROUND: Increasing physical activity in children is a health priority. The Healthy Active Peaceful Playgrounds for Youth (HAPPY) study aimed to examine a multi-component playground intervention designed to increase the proportion of physical activity during recess and lunch of primary school students. METHODS: The 2016 Australian focused HAPPY Study was a 12-month, metropolitan primary school based intervention, which was evaluated using a stepped wedge design...
April 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673932/recess-and-children-with-disabilities-a-mixed-methods-pilot-study
#5
Lauren McNamara, Yana Lakman, Natalie Spadafora, Ken Lodewyk, Meaghan Walker
BACKGROUND: It is well-understood that children's social relationships are intrinsically linked to their overall health trajectories. Recess is the only time in the school day that children are free to play and socialize. Yet research on recess consistently indicates that many school playgrounds are challenged by a social landscape that is not conducive to meaningful play. While all children are susceptible to negative social experiences, children with disabilities are at a heightened risk for exclusion and victimization...
April 3, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623809/participation-in-active-play-of-children-who-use-lower-extremity-prostheses-an-exploratory-questionnaire
#6
Cheryl Kerfeld, Tracy Jirikowic, Katheryn J Allyn, Murray E Maitland
BACKGROUND: Through play, children develop motor, cognitive, social, and other life skills. Play barriers can impede physical and psychosocial benefits. OBJECTIVES: We describe participation in active play, fundamental movement skills, play environment characteristics, and potential play barriers for school-aged children (6-12 years) who use lower extremity prostheses. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional questionnaire study. METHODS: A questionnaire was developed and administered online to parents of children 6-12 years who use lower extremity prostheses...
April 1, 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603734/school-based-physical-therapy-services-and-student-functional-performance-at-school
#7
Sarah Westcott Mccoy, Susan K Effgen, Lisa A Chiarello, Lynn M Jeffries, Alejandro G Villasante Tezanos
AIM: We explored relationships of school-based physical therapy to standardized outcomes of students receiving physical therapy. METHOD: Using a practice-based evidence research design, School Function Assessment (SFA) outcomes of 296 students with disabilities (mean age 7y 4mo [standard deviation 2y]; 166 males, 130 females), served by 109 physical therapists, were explored. After training, therapists completed 10 SFA scales on students at the beginning and end of the school year...
March 30, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566675/development-of-the-great-recess-framework-observational-tool-to-measure-contextual-and-behavioral-components-of-elementary-school-recess
#8
William V Massey, Megan B Stellino, Sean P Mullen, Jennette Claassen, Megan Wilkison
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) remains the primary behavioral outcome associated with school recess, while many other potentially relevant indicators of recess remain unexamined. Few studies have assessed observations of teacher/student interactions, peer conflict, social interactions, or safety within the recess environment. Furthermore, a psychometrically-sound instrument does not exist to examine safety, resources, student engagement, adult engagement, pro-social/anti-social behavior, and student empowerment on the playground...
March 22, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556445/promoting-social-learning-at-recess-for-children-with-asd-and-related-social-challenges
#9
Lori B Vincent, Daniel Openden, Joseph A Gentry, Lori A Long, Nicole L Matthews
The school playground provides an ideal opportunity for social inclusion; however, children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often struggle to engage in appropriate social interactions in this unstructured environment. Thus, they may spend recess time alone. The FRIEND Playground Program is a structured, play-based intervention aimed at improving social interactions of children with ASD and other social challenges during recess. The current research study employed a multiple baseline across participant design to systematically evaluate whether this intervention yields increased social engagement and initiations with peers during recess...
March 2018: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509809/birds-in-the-playground-evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-an-urban-environmental-education-project-in-enhancing-school-children-s-awareness-knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-local-wildlife
#10
Rachel L White, Katie Eberstein, Dawn M Scott
Children nowadays, particularly in urban areas, are more disconnected from nature than ever before, leading to a large-scale "extinction of experience" with the natural world. Yet there are many potential benefits from children interacting with nature first-hand, including via outdoor learning opportunities. Urban environmental education programmes typically aim to increase awareness and knowledge of local biodiversity and to promote positive attitudes and behaviour towards the environment. However, limited research has been conducted evaluating to what extent these interventions achieve their goals...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461474/parental-education-and-pre-school-children-s-objectively-measured-sedentary-time-the-role-of-co-participation-in-physical-activity
#11
Suvi Määttä, Carola Ray, Henna Vepsäläinen, Elviira Lehto, Riikka Kaukonen, Anna Ylönen, Eva Roos
Parental co-participation in physical activity (PA) may be a beneficial parenting practice for diminishing children's sedentary time (ST). Less information is available, however, on the explanatory role of co-participation in PA regarding parental educational differences in children's ST. Preschool-aged children (N = 864, mean age 4.8, 52% boys) with their parents participated in a cross-sectional DAGIS (Increased Health and Wellbeing in Pre-schools) study between years 2015 and 2016. Children (N = 821) wore an accelerometer for one week...
February 20, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238615/profile-of-geohelminth-eggs-cysts-and-oocysts-of-protozoans-contaminating-the-soils-of-ten-primary-schools-in-dschang-west-cameroon
#12
Vanessa Rosine Nkouayep, Blandine Ngatou Tchakounté, Josué Wabo Poné
Helminthiasis and protozoans infections have been recognized as an important public health problem. The aim of the present study was to screen soil samples collected from 10 primary schools in the city of Dschang for the presence of soil-transmitted helminth eggs, cysts, and oocysts of protozoans. A total of 400 soil samples were collected around latrines, at playgrounds, and behind classrooms in each school. These samples were examined using the sucrose flotation method. From the result obtained, an overall contamination rate of 7...
2017: Journal of Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212055/indoor-and-outdoor-air-concentrations-of-volatile-organic-compounds-and-no-2-in-schools-of-urban-industrial-and-rural-areas-in-central-southern-spain
#13
Florentina Villanueva, Araceli Tapia, Sonia Lara, Mariano Amo-Salas
Thirty two VOCs including alkanes, aromatic hydrocarbons, terpenes and carbonyl compounds together with NO2 were investigated in a kindergarten classroom, a primary classroom and the playground in 18 schools located in rural areas, an urban area (Ciudad Real) and an industrial area (Puertollano) in the province of Ciudad Real in central southern Spain. The most abundant pollutants at schools were the aldehydes formaldehyde and hexanal. After carbonyls, n-dodecane was the most abundant compound in the study areas...
May 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199530/unspoken-playground-rules-discourage-adolescent-physical-activity-in-school-a-focus-group-study-of-constructs-in-the-prototype-willingness-model
#14
Catherine M Wheatley, Emma L Davies, Helen Dawes
The health benefits of exercise in school are recognized, yet physical activity continues to decline during early adolescence despite numerous interventions. In this study, we investigated whether the prototype willingness model, an account of adolescent decision making that includes both reasoned behavioral choices and unplanned responses to social environments, might improve understanding of physical activity in school. We conducted focus groups with British pupils aged 12 to 13 years and used deductive thematic analysis to search for themes relating to the model...
March 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184164/correlates-of-compliance-with-recommended-levels-of-physical-activity-in-children
#15
Thayse Natacha Gomes, Peter T Katzmarzyk, Donald Hedeker, Mikael Fogelholm, Martyn Standage, Vincent Onywera, Estelle V Lambert, Mark S Tremblay, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Olga Sarmiento, Victor Matsudo, Anura Kurpad, Rebecca Kuriyan, Pei Zhao, Gang Hu, Timothy Olds, Carol Maher, José Maia
The purpose of this study was to describe children's daily compliance with moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) recommendations across a week in different parts of the world, and to identify individual- and school-level correlates that may explain differences in daily MVPA compliance. The sample included 6553 children aged 9-11 years from 12 countries, and multilevel statistical analyses were used, including both child- and school-level variables. Most children did not comply with the MVPA guidelines on a daily basis: Chinese children complied the least, whereas Finnish, Australian, Colombian, UK, and Kenyan children complied the most...
November 28, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119813/school-age-children-s-perception-of-the-hospital-experience
#16
Handan Boztepe, Sevil Çınar, Ayşe Ay
In order to determine the perception of hospital experiences among school-age children's (6-12 years), a descriptive and cross-sectional study was performed in 130 children hospitalized in a pediatric hospital with different diagnoses. Data were collected using a pediatric information form, questionnaire form, scale for attitudes towards hospital and healthcare personnel, and sources of anxiety generating thoughts scale (SAGTS). Children's expectations of the nurses were to be well treated (62%), to perform painless procedures (20%), to play games together (12%), to be capable of their job (10%), and to be cheerful (10%)...
June 2017: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111619/incidence-and-cost-of-hospitalisation-of-children-with-injuries-from-playground-equipment-falls-in-new-south-wales-australia
#17
Mia Bierbaum, Kate Curtis, Rebecca Mitchell
AIMS: To describe the epidemiological profile and cost of hospitalised injuries caused by playground equipment falls of children aged 0-14 years, in New South Wales, Australia. METHODS: Linked New South Wales hospitalisation data from 1 January 2010 to 30 June 2014 were used to describe the incidence of hospitalisation for playground falls, the age-standardised rate of hospitalisation per year, age group and gender, the characteristics of the injured children and the injury incident...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075807/assessment-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-in-school-playground-soils-in-urban-gwangju-south-korea
#18
Mohammad Nazrul Islam, Young-Tae Jo, Seon-Yong Chung, Jeong-Hun Park
Soil samples from school playground of Gwangju City were analyzed for 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and the soil contamination status and the potential cancer risk for students and adults were investigated. Soil samples were collected from 57 sites from 5 districts of Gwangju City in the summer of 2013. Regardless of the sampling site, the ∑PAHs concentrations ranged from 13.2 to 145.5 ng/g (mean 51.2 ng/g). Four and five-ring PAHs were predominant in the soil samples while the fraction of two-ring PAHs was the lowest...
October 26, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064430/nature-elements-and-fundamental-motor-skill-development-opportunities-at-five-elementary-school-districts-in-british-columbia
#19
Christopher Lim, Andrew M Donovan, Nevin J Harper, Patti-Jean Naylor
The majority of Canadian children are not physically active enough for healthy development. School playgrounds are a primary location to promote physical activity and motor skill practice. The benefits of children's play in nature have also been highlighted, but few studies have evaluated children's access and exposure to nature for play on school grounds. This study examined children's access to nature on school grounds and the opportunities afforded by those natural elements for motor skill practice. RESULTS: Extensive naturescapes (multiple nature elements in one setting) were not common, and natural elements were limited, ranging from 1...
October 24, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039264/-football-is-a-boys-game-children-s-perceptions-about-barriers-for-physical-activity-during-recess-time
#20
Maria Martínez-Andrés, Raquel Bartolomé-Gutiérrez, Beatriz Rodríguez-Martín, Maria Jesus Pardo-Guijarro, Vicente Martínez-Vizcaíno
The aim of the study was to know the factors that influence boys and girls' perceptions for performing physical activity during playground recess from their own perspective. Ninety-eight schoolchildren aged 8-11 years from five schools from Cuenca (Spain) participated in 22 focus groups and carried out 98 drawings following the socioecological model as a theoretical framework. A content analysis of the transcripts from the focus groups and drawings was carried out by three researchers. Results showed that, in spite of boys and girls identified same barriers, there were gender differences in their perceptions...
2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
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