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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238615/profile-of-geohelminth-eggs-cysts-and-oocysts-of-protozoans-contaminating-the-soils-of-ten-primary-schools-in-dschang-west-cameroon
#1
Vanessa Rosine Nkouayep, Blandine Ngatou Tchakounté, Josué Wabo Poné
Helminthiasis and protozoans infections have been recognized as an important public health problem. The aim of the present study was to screen soil samples collected from 10 primary schools in the city of Dschang for the presence of soil-transmitted helminth eggs, cysts, and oocysts of protozoans. A total of 400 soil samples were collected around latrines, at playgrounds, and behind classrooms in each school. These samples were examined using the sucrose flotation method. From the result obtained, an overall contamination rate of 7...
2017: Journal of Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212055/indoor-and-outdoor-air-concentrations-of-volatile-organic-compounds-and-no2-in-schools-of-urban-industrial-and-rural-areas-in-central-southern-spain
#2
Florentina Villanueva, Araceli Tapia, Sonia Lara, Mariano Amo-Salas
Thirty two VOCs including alkanes, aromatic hydrocarbons, terpenes and carbonyl compounds together with NO2 were investigated in a kindergarten classroom, a primary classroom and the playground in 18 schools located in rural areas, an urban area (Ciudad Real) and an industrial area (Puertollano) in the province of Ciudad Real in central southern Spain. The most abundant pollutants at schools were the aldehydes formaldehyde and hexanal. After carbonyls, n-dodecane was the most abundant compound in the study areas...
December 3, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199530/unspoken-playground-rules-discourage-adolescent-physical-activity-in-school-a-focus-group-study-of-constructs-in-the-prototype-willingness-model
#3
Catherine M Wheatley, Emma L Davies, Helen Dawes
The health benefits of exercise in school are recognized, yet physical activity continues to decline during early adolescence despite numerous interventions. In this study, we investigated whether the prototype willingness model, an account of adolescent decision making that includes both reasoned behavioral choices and unplanned responses to social environments, might improve understanding of physical activity in school. We conducted focus groups with British pupils aged 12 to 13 years and used deductive thematic analysis to search for themes relating to the model...
December 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184164/correlates-of-compliance-with-recommended-levels-of-physical-activity-in-children
#4
Thayse Natacha Gomes, Peter T Katzmarzyk, Donald Hedeker, Mikael Fogelholm, Martyn Standage, Vincent Onywera, Estelle V Lambert, Mark S Tremblay, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Olga Sarmiento, Victor Matsudo, Anura Kurpad, Rebecca Kuriyan, Pei Zhao, Gang Hu, Timothy Olds, Carol Maher, José Maia
The purpose of this study was to describe children's daily compliance with moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) recommendations across a week in different parts of the world, and to identify individual- and school-level correlates that may explain differences in daily MVPA compliance. The sample included 6553 children aged 9-11 years from 12 countries, and multilevel statistical analyses were used, including both child- and school-level variables. Most children did not comply with the MVPA guidelines on a daily basis: Chinese children complied the least, whereas Finnish, Australian, Colombian, UK, and Kenyan children complied the most...
November 28, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119813/school-age-children-s-perception-of-the-hospital-experience
#5
Handan Boztepe, Sevil Çınar, Ayşe Ay
In order to determine the perception of hospital experiences among school-age children's (6-12 years), a descriptive and cross-sectional study was performed in 130 children hospitalized in a pediatric hospital with different diagnoses. Data were collected using a pediatric information form, questionnaire form, scale for attitudes towards hospital and healthcare personnel, and sources of anxiety generating thoughts scale (SAGTS). Children's expectations of the nurses were to be well treated (62%), to perform painless procedures (20%), to play games together (12%), to be capable of their job (10%), and to be cheerful (10%)...
June 2017: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111619/incidence-and-cost-of-hospitalisation-of-children-with-injuries-from-playground-equipment-falls-in-new-south-wales-australia
#6
Mia Bierbaum, Kate Curtis, Rebecca Mitchell
AIMS: To describe the epidemiological profile and cost of hospitalised injuries caused by playground equipment falls of children aged 0-14 years, in New South Wales, Australia. METHODS: Linked New South Wales hospitalisation data from 1 January 2010 to 30 June 2014 were used to describe the incidence of hospitalisation for playground falls, the age-standardised rate of hospitalisation per year, age group and gender, the characteristics of the injured children and the injury incident...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075807/assessment-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-in-school-playground-soils-in-urban-gwangju-south-korea
#7
Mohammad Nazrul Islam, Young-Tae Jo, Seon-Yong Chung, Jeong-Hun Park
Soil samples from school playground of Gwangju City were analyzed for 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and the soil contamination status and the potential cancer risk for students and adults were investigated. Soil samples were collected from 57 sites from 5 districts of Gwangju City in the summer of 2013. Regardless of the sampling site, the ∑PAHs concentrations ranged from 13.2 to 145.5 ng/g (mean 51.2 ng/g). Four and five-ring PAHs were predominant in the soil samples while the fraction of two-ring PAHs was the lowest...
October 26, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064430/nature-elements-and-fundamental-motor-skill-development-opportunities-at-five-elementary-school-districts-in-british-columbia
#8
Christopher Lim, Andrew M Donovan, Nevin J Harper, Patti-Jean Naylor
The majority of Canadian children are not physically active enough for healthy development. School playgrounds are a primary location to promote physical activity and motor skill practice. The benefits of children's play in nature have also been highlighted, but few studies have evaluated children's access and exposure to nature for play on school grounds. This study examined children's access to nature on school grounds and the opportunities afforded by those natural elements for motor skill practice. RESULTS: Extensive naturescapes (multiple nature elements in one setting) were not common, and natural elements were limited, ranging from 1...
October 24, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039264/-football-is-a-boys-game-children-s-perceptions-about-barriers-for-physical-activity-during-recess-time
#9
Maria Martínez-Andrés, Raquel Bartolomé-Gutiérrez, Beatriz Rodríguez-Martín, Maria Jesus Pardo-Guijarro, Vicente Martínez-Vizcaíno
The aim of the study was to know the factors that influence boys and girls' perceptions for performing physical activity during playground recess from their own perspective. Ninety-eight schoolchildren aged 8-11 years from five schools from Cuenca (Spain) participated in 22 focus groups and carried out 98 drawings following the socioecological model as a theoretical framework. A content analysis of the transcripts from the focus groups and drawings was carried out by three researchers. Results showed that, in spite of boys and girls identified same barriers, there were gender differences in their perceptions...
2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969430/injuries-caused-by-falls-from-playground-equipment-in-the-united-states
#10
Peter Tuckel, William Milczarski, David G Silverman
The objective of this study is to document the incidence of falls from playground equipment in the United States over time and to provide a detailed profile of the individuals injured in playground falls using several state and national databases. During the past decade, there has been a steep decline in the number of injuries treated in emergency departments caused by falls from playground equipment in the United States. Males, children between the ages of 5 to 9 years, and individuals from lower economic strata are overrepresented among those suffering an injury...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876473/sydney-playground-project-a-cluster-randomized-trial-to-increase-physical-activity-play-and-social-skills
#11
Anita Bundy, Lina Engelen, Shirley Wyver, Paul Tranter, Jo Ragen, Adrian Bauman, Louise Baur, Wendy Schiller, Judy M Simpson, Anita N Niehues, Gabrielle Perry, Glenda Jessup, Geraldine Naughton
BACKGROUND: We assessed the effectiveness of a simple intervention for increasing children's physical activity, play, perceived competence/social acceptance, and social skills. METHODS: A cluster-randomized controlled trial was conducted, in which schools were the clusters. Twelve Sydney (Australia) primary schools were randomly allocated to intervention or control conditions, with 226 children (5-7 years old) selected randomly to participate. Data were collected at baseline and after 13 weeks...
October 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682137/socioeconomic-and-racial-ethnic-disparities-in-physical-activity-environments-in-georgia-elementary-schools
#12
Miriam E Van Dyke, Patricia C Cheung, Padra Franks, Julie A Gazmararian
PURPOSE: This study aimed to characterize physical activity (PA) environments in Georgia public elementary schools and to identify socioeconomic status (SES) and racial/ethnic disparities in PA environments. DESIGN: A school setting PA survey was launched in 2013 to 2014 as a cross-sectional online survey assessing PA environment factors, including facility access and school PA practices, staff PA opportunities, parental involvement in school PA, and out-of-school PA opportunities...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592241/effect-of-major-school-playground-reconstruction-on-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-camden-active-spaces
#13
Mark Hamer, Daniel Aggio, Georgina Knock, Courtney Kipps, Aparna Shankar, Lee Smith
BACKGROUND: The physical school environment is a promising setting to increase children's physical activity although robust evidence is sparse. We examined the effects of major playground reconstruction on physical activity and sedentary time in primary schools using a quasi-experimental design (comparison group pre-test/post-test design). METHODS: Five experimental and two control schools from deprived areas of inner city London were recruited at baseline. Main outcome was physical activity and sedentary time measured from objective monitoring (Actigraph accelerometer) at one year follow up...
June 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588104/a-content-analysis-of-outdoor-non-alcoholic-beverage-advertisements-in-ghana
#14
Marie A Bragg, Tamara Hardoby, Natasha G Pandit, Yemi R Raji, Gbenga Ogedegbe
OBJECTIVES: This was a two-part descriptive study designed to (1) assess the marketing themes and sugar content of beverages promoted in outdoor advertisements (ads) within a portion of Accra, Ghana and (2) quantify the types of ads that appeared along the Accra-Cape Coast Highway. SETTING: A 4.7 km(2) area of Accra, Ghana and a 151 km region along the highway represented the target areas for collecting photos of outdoor beverage ads. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Number and types of beverage ads, sugar content of beverage products featured in ads and marketing themes used in ads...
June 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575784/exposure-to-extremely-low-and-intermediate-frequency-magnetic-and-electric-fields-among-children-from-the-inma-gipuzkoa-cohort
#15
Mara Gallastegi, Ana Jiménez-Zabala, Loreto Santa-Marina, Juan J Aurrekoetxea, Mikel Ayerdi, Jesús Ibarluzea, Hans Kromhout, Julián González, Anke Huss
Detailed assessment of exposure to extremely low frequency (ELF) and intermediate frequency (IF) fields is essential in order to conduct informative epidemiological studies of the health effects from exposure to these fields. There is limited information available regarding ELF electric fields and on both magnetic and electric field exposures of children in the IF range. The aim of this study was to characterize ELF and IF exposure of children in the Spanish INMA cohort. A combination of spot and fixed measurements was carried out in 104 homes, 26 schools and their playgrounds and 105 parks...
August 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557736/change-of-school-playground-environment-on-bullying-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Victoria L Farmer, Sheila M Williams, Jim I Mann, Grant Schofield, Julia C McPhee, Rachael W Taylor
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether increasing risk and challenge in primary school playgrounds influences interactions between children. METHODS: In a 2-year cluster-randomized controlled trial, 8 control schools were asked to not change their play environment, whereas 8 intervention schools increased opportunities for risk and challenge (eg, rough-and-tumble play), reduced rules, and added loose parts (eg, tires). Children (n = 840), parents (n = 635), and teachers (n = 90) completed bullying questionnaires at baseline, 1 (postintervention), and 2 (follow-up) years...
May 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549470/rationale-and-protocol-paper-for-the-healthy-active-peaceful-playgrounds-for-youth-happy-study
#17
MULTICENTER STUDY
Wayne Cotton, Dean Dudley, Kirsten Jackson, Matthew Winslade, Janice Atkin
BACKGROUND: A growing body of evidence suggest an association between physical activity levels and students psychological well-being. A number of research studies have evaluated playground interventions that aim to increase physical activity levels, decrease conflict and bullying, and improve students behaviour. The HAPPY Study will evaluate the success of an intervention combining environmental modifications, teacher development, and peer support that can culminate in an easy to implement, low cost and effective model for increasing physical activity, and improving psychological well-being for children...
May 26, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511682/inequities-in-coverage-of-smokefree-space-policies-within-the-united-states
#18
Christopher Lowrie, Amber L Pearson, George Thomson
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have found extensive geographic and demographic differences in tobacco use. These differences have been found to be reduced by effective public policies, including banning smoking in public spaces. Smokefree indoor and outdoor spaces reduce secondhand smoke exposure and denormalize smoking. METHODS: We evaluated regional and demographic differences in the proportion of the population covered by smokefree policies enacted in the United States prior to 2014, for both adults and children...
May 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509887/predictors-of-segmented-school-day-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-in-children-from-a-northwest-england-low-income-community
#19
Sarah L Taylor, Whitney B Curry, Zoe R Knowles, Robert J Noonan, Bronagh McGrane, Stuart J Fairclough
Schools have been identified as important settings for health promotion through physical activity participation, particularly as children are insufficiently active for health. The aim of this study was to investigate the child and school-level influences on children's physical activity levels and sedentary time during school hours in a sample of children from a low-income community; Methods: One hundred and eighty-six children (110 boys) aged 9-10 years wore accelerometers for 7 days, with 169 meeting the inclusion criteria of 16 h∙day(-1) for a minimum of three week days...
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493060/synthetic-turf-fields-crumb-rubber-and-alleged-cancer-risk
#20
Archie Bleyer
Most synthetic turf fields have crumb rubber interspersed among the simulated grass fibers to reduce athletic injuries by allowing users to turn and slide more readily as they play sports or exercise on the fields. Recently, the crumbs have been implicated in causing cancer in adolescents and young adults who use the fields, particularly lymphoma and primarily in soccer goalkeepers. This concern has led to the initiation of large-scale studies by local and federal governments that are expected to take years to complete...
December 2017: Sports Medicine
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