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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913658/social-determinants-and-teen-pregnancy-prevention-exploring-the-role-of-nontraditional-partnerships
#1
Taleria R Fuller, Carla P White, Jocelyn Chu, Deborah Dean, Naomi Clemmons, Carmen Chaparro, Jessica L Thames, Anitra Belle Henderson, Pebbles King
Addressing the social determinants of health (SDOH) that influence teen pregnancy is paramount to eliminating disparities and achieving health equity. Expanding prevention efforts from purely individual behavior change to improving the social, political, economic, and built environments in which people live, learn, work, and play may better equip vulnerable youth to adopt and sustain healthy decisions. In 2010, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in partnership with the Office of Adolescent Health funded state- and community-based organizations to develop and implement the Teen Pregnancy Prevention Community-Wide Initiative...
December 1, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912999/palliative-care-and-physiatry-in-the-oncology-care-spectrum-an-opportunity-for-distinct-and-collaborative-approaches
#2
REVIEW
Vishwa S Raj, Julie K Silver, Terrence M Pugh, Jack B Fu
As cancer evolves from a terminal illness to a chronic medical condition, so too does the view of clinical services. Palliative care and physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R) will increase in acceptance because they provide a valuable resource. The overarching theme is improving cancer-related symptoms or treatment-related side effects, improving patient health-related quality of life, lessening caregiver burden, and valuing patient-centered care and shared decision making. Managing symptom burden may improve therapy participation/performance...
February 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911402/utilizing-the-ethylene-releasing-compound-2-chloroethylphosphonic-acid-as-a-tool-to-study-ethylene-response-in-bacteria
#3
Richard V Augimeri, Andrew J Varley, Janice L Strap
Ethylene (C2H4) is a gaseous phytohormone that is involved in numerous aspects of plant development, playing a dominant role in senescence and fruit ripening. Exogenous ethylene applied during early plant development triggers the triple response phenotype; a shorter and thicker hypocotyl with an exaggerated apical hook. Despite the intimate relationship between plants and bacteria, the effect of exogenous ethylene on bacteria has been greatly overlooked. This is partly due to the difficulty of controlling gaseous ethylene within the laboratory without specialized equipment...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910316/measurement-of-the-deuterium-balmer-series-line-emission-on-east
#4
C R Wu, J Huang, W Gao, W Gao, Z Xu, J F Chang, Y M Hou, Z Jin, J C Xu, Y M Duan, P F Zhang, Y J Chen, L Zhang, Z W Wu, J G Li
Volume recombination plays an important role towards plasma detachment for magnetically confined fusion devices. High quantum number states of the Balmer series of deuterium are used to study recombination. On EAST (Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak), two visible spectroscopic measurements are applied for the upper/lower divertor with 13 channels, respectively. Both systems are coupled with Princeton Instruments ProEM EMCCD 1024B camera: one is equipped on an Acton SP2750 spectrometer, which has a high spectral resolution ∼0...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906711/polycystic-ovary-syndrome-in-adolescent-girls
#5
Natalie Hecht Baldauff, Selma Feldman Witchel
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common heterogeneous disorder that appears to have its origins during the peripubertal years. The diagnostic conundrum is that the typical clinical features, irregular menses and acne, occur during normal female puberty. Understanding the physiologic origins and molecular basis of the dysregulated hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis in PCOS is fundamental to interrupting the distinctive vicious cycle of hyperandrogenism and chronic anovulation...
November 30, 2016: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903664/practical-considerations-for-therapies-targeting-the-prostacyclin-pathway
#6
REVIEW
Harrison W Farber, Wendy Gin-Sing
Therapies that target the prostacyclin pathway play a key role in the treatment of both early- and late-stage pulmonary arterial hypertension, and provide significant clinical benefits for patients. A number of agents have been approved, which are administered via intravenous, subcutaneous, inhaled or oral routes. The use of these therapies is associated with practical challenges, relating to the need for up-titration and their routes of administration. We discuss here a number of measures that can be taken to support patients and healthcare professionals in order to address the complexities of using these therapies and to encourage compliance...
December 2016: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894784/hospital-admission-in-older-persons-presenting-with-dizziness-in-the-emergency-department
#7
Anna Ekwall, Johanna Schrab, Karolina Runesson, Måns Magnussons
One of the most frequent chief complaints among older persons presenting in the emergency department (ED) is dizziness. Nurses in the ambulance and in the ED play an important role in managing these patients. The challenge in the ED or ambulance is to, with limited diagnostic equipment; decide the correct level of care. The aim of this study was to identify factors that differed between those who were admitted to hospital and those who were not among older persons (65+) presenting in the ED with dizziness. The method was a retrospective journal audit...
November 25, 2016: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883875/a-case-of-urinary-tract-infection-caused-by-raoultella-planticola-after-a-urodynamic-study
#8
Murat Tuğcu, Caglar Ruhi, Ali M Gokce, Melih Kara, Sebahat Aksaray
Here we report the case of a patient who developed urinary tract infection after a urodynamic study. The causative agent was Raoultella planticola, a rare opportunistic pathogen that usually invades immunocompromised patients. While a urinary tract infection with R. planticola has been previously described, this is the first report in which an R. planticola infection developed after a urodynamic study. We postulate that the mechanism of infection was direct invasion of the urinary tract from contaminated urodynamic study equipment...
November 21, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852722/patient-motives-behind-low-acuity-visits-to-the-emergency-department-in-germany-a-qualitative-study-comparing-urban-and-rural-sites
#9
Martina Schmiedhofer, Martin Möckel, Anna Slagman, Johann Frick, Stephan Ruhla, Julia Searle
OBJECTIVES: The increasing number of low-acuity visits to emergency departments (ED) is an important issue in Germany, despite the fact that all costs of inpatient and outpatient treatment are covered by mandatory health insurance. We aimed to explore the motives of patients categorised with low-acuity conditions for visiting an ED. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative study in two urban and one rural ED. We recruited a purposive sample of adults, who were assigned to the lowest two categories in the Manchester triage system...
November 16, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843544/social-media-as-a-platform-for-health-related-public-debates-and-discussions-the-polio-vaccine-on-facebook
#10
Daniela Orr, Ayelet Baram-Tsabari, Keren Landsman
BACKGROUND: Social media can act as an important platform for debating, discussing, and disseminating information about vaccines. Our objectives were to map and describe the roles played by web-based mainstream media and social media as platforms for vaccination-related public debates and discussions during the Polio crisis in Israel in 2013: where and how did the public debate and discuss the issue, and how can these debates and discussions be characterized? METHOD: Polio-related coverage was collected from May 28 to October 31, 2013, from seven online Hebrew media platforms and the Facebook groups discussing the Polio vaccination were mapped and described...
2016: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833824/supply-side-barriers-to-maternal-health-care-utilization-at-health-sub-centers-in-india
#11
Aditya Singh
INTRODUCTION: There exist several barriers to maternal health service utilization in developing countries. Most of the previous studies conducted in India have focused on demand-side barriers, while only a few have touched upon supply-side barriers. None of the previous studies in India have investigated the factors that affect maternal health care utilization at health sub-centers (HSCs) in India, despite the fact that these institutions, which are the geographically closest available public health care facilities in rural areas, play a significant role in providing affordable maternal health care...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832185/bats-and-academics-how-do-scientists-perceive-their-object-of-study
#12
Christophe Boëte, Serge Morand
Bats are associated with conflicting perceptions among humans, ranging from affection to disgust. If these attitudes can be associated with various factors among the general public (e.g. social norms, lack of knowledge), it is also important to understand the attitude of scientists who study bats. Such reflexive information on the researchers community itself could indeed help designing adequate mixed communication tools aimed at protecting bats and their ecosystems, as well as humans living in their vicinity that could be exposed to their pathogens...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815738/a-universal-assay-for-the-detection-of-siderophore-activity-in-natural-waters
#13
Megan Y Andrews, Owen Duckworth
Siderophores, a family of biogenic metal chelating agents, play critical roles in the biogeochemical cycling of Fe and other metals by facilitating their solubilization and uptake in circumneutral to alkaline oxic environments. However, because of their small concentrations (ca. nM) and large number of molecular structures, siderophore detection and quantification in environmental samples requires specialized equipment and expertise, and often requires pre-concentration of samples, which may introduce significant bias...
December 2016: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805468/vision-testing-in-the-evaluation-of-concussion
#14
Cinthi Pillai, John W Gittinger
Traumatic brain injury results from an acute impact to the head causing brain dysfunction. Concussion is a form of mild traumatic brain injury. There are significant short- and long-term sequelae of concussion, and early diagnosis and management are key to recovery. Visual system symptoms and signs are common following concussion and have been shown to be a useful feature of concussion testing. Neuro-ophthalmic findings include abnormalities in the pupillary light reflex, accommodation, convergence, extraocular motility, steroacuity, as well as pursuit and saccades...
November 2, 2016: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805410/micro-scale-fracture-behavior-of-single-crystal-silicon-beams-at-elevated-temperatures
#15
Balila Nagamani Jaya, Jeffrey Martin Wheeler, Juri Wehrs, James P Best, Rafael Soler, Johann Michler, Christoph Kirchlechner, Gerhard Dehm
The micro-mechanical fracture behavior of single crystalline silicon was investigated as a function of temperature in situ in the scanning electron microscope equipped with a nanoindenter. A gradual but continuous increase in KC was observed with increasing temperature above 300 °C, in contrast to the sharp transitions observed in earlier works. No sharp brittle to ductile transition temperature (BDTT) could be identified, but a clear change in cracking mechanism occurs at ~300 °C with multiple load drops accompanying the deformation...
November 2, 2016: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801392/a-review-of-occupational-injury-research-in-malaysia
#16
C S Ganesh, R Krishnan
A literature review of 16 papers on occupational injury research in Malaysia published during a 13-year period from 2000-2013 was carried out. The objective of this review and article selection was based on relevance to the research theme and mention of areas for future research. Most of the publications have focused on descriptive epidemiology, management practices, worker's knowledge, attitude, training, and rehabilitation services. The transportation, agriculture and construction sectors were found to be the most hazardous sectors and would benefit the most from Occupational Safety & Health (OSH) research and interventions...
June 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801360/key-ethical-issues-discussed-at-cdc-sponsored-international-regional-meetings-to-explore-cultural-perspectives-and-contexts-on-pandemic-influenza-preparedness-and-response
#17
Aun Lor, James C Thomas, Drue H Barrett, Leonard W Ortmann, Dionisio J Herrera Guibert
BACKGROUND: Recognizing the importance of having a broad exploration of how cultural perspectives may shape thinking about ethical considerations, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) funded four regional meetings in Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the Eastern Mediterranean to explore these perspectives relevant to pandemic influenza preparedness and response. The meetings were attended by 168 health professionals, scientists, academics, ethicists, religious leaders, and other community members representing 40 countries in these regions...
May 17, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799893/the-band-effect-physically-strenuous-music-making-increases-esthetic-appreciation-of-music
#18
Thomas H Fritz, Lydia Schneider, Arno Villringer
The esthetic appreciation of music is strongly influenced by cultural background and personal taste. One would expect that this would complicate the utilizability of musical feedback in paradigms, such that music would only be perceived as a reward if it complies to personal esthetic appreciation. Here we report data where we assessed esthetic appreciation of music after 1. a physically strenuous music improvisation and 2. after passive music listening (where participants esthetically assessed similar music)...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789165/medical-pathologies-and-hut-guardians-ability-to-provide-first-aid-in-mountain-huts-a-prospective-observational-study
#19
Marc Blancher, Jérôme Colonna d'Istria, Amandine Coste, Philippine Saint Guilhem, Antoine Pierre, Flora Clausier, Guillaume Debaty, Jean Luc Bosson, Raphaël Briot, Pierre Bouzat
OBJECTIVE: To describe the resources for medical condition management in mountain huts and the epidemiology of such events. METHODS: We conducted a 3-step study from April 2013 to August 2014 in French mountain huts. The first step consisted of collecting data regarding the first aid equipment available in mountain huts. The second step consisted of a qualitative evaluation of the mountain hut guardian's role in medical situations through semistructured interviews...
December 2016: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781013/assessing-and-improving-children-s-rights-in-hospitals-case-studies-from-kyrgyzstan-tajikistan-and-moldova
#20
Ana Isabel Fernandes Guerreiro, Aigul Kuttumuratova, Kubanychbek Monolbaev, Larisa Boderscova, Zulfiya Pirova, Martin W Weber
There is a recognized need to raise evidence on how to adopt human rights-based approaches (HRBAs) to health and to assess their impact. In 2013 and 2014, the World Health Organization (WHO) Regional Office for Europe used a set of tools to assess and improve the situation of children's rights in 11 hospitals in Kyrgyzstan, 10 hospitals in Tajikistan, and 21 hospitals in Moldova, by applying a HRBA to health, taking as a reference the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC). The assessment results show a similar situation across countries in some areas, and more or less significant variation in others...
June 2016: Health and Human Rights
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