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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927450/unit-cost-of-healthcare-services-at-200-bed-public-hospitals-in-myanmar-what-plays-an-important-role-of-hospital-budgeting
#1
Thet Mon Than, Yu Mon Saw, Moe Khaing, Ei Mon Win, Su Myat Cho, Tetsuyoshi Kariya, Eiko Yamamoto, Nobuyuki Hamajima
BACKGROUND: Cost information is important for efficient allocation of healthcare expenditure, estimating future budget allocation, and setting user fees to start new financing systems. Myanmar is in political transition, and trying to achieve universal health coverage by 2030. This study assessed the unit cost of healthcare services at two public hospitals in the country from the provider perspective. The study also analyzed the cost structure of the hospitals to allocate and manage the budgets appropriately...
September 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927262/autophagy-is-pro-senescence-when-seen-in-close-up-but-anti-senescence-in-long-shot
#2
Yoojin Kwon, Ji Wook Kim, Jo Ae Jeoung, Mi-Sung Kim, Chanhee Kang
When mammalian cells and animals face a variety of internal or external stresses, they need to make homeostatic changes so as to cope with various stresses. To this end, mammalian cells are equipped with two critical stress responses, autophagy and cellular senescence. Autophagy and cellular senescence share a number of stimuli including telomere shortening, DNA damage, oncogenic stress and oxidative stress, suggesting their intimate relationship. Autophagy is originally thought to suppress cellular senescence by removing damaged macromolecules or organelles, yet recent studies also indicated that autophagy promotes cellular senescence by facilitating the synthesis of senescence-associated secretory proteins...
September 20, 2017: Molecules and Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918095/accessibility-and-usability-of-parks-and-playgrounds
#3
Meredith A Perry, Hemakumar Devan, Harry Fitzgerald, Karen Han, Li-Ting Liu, Jack Rouse
BACKGROUND: Public parks and playgrounds are an environment for leisure activity, which all generations can enjoy at low or no financial cost. Evaluating the accessibility and usability of parks and playgrounds is crucial because their design, environment (natural and built) and safety could restrict participation of persons with disabilities. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accessibility and usability of 21 public parks and playgrounds in three metropolitan cities of New Zealand...
September 8, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914003/visual-fatigue-induced-by-viewing-a-tablet-computer-with-a-high-resolution-display
#4
Dong Ju Kim, Chi Yeon Lim, Namyi Gu, Choul Yong Park
PURPOSE: In the present study, the visual discomfort induced by smart mobile devices was assessed in normal and healthy adults. METHODS: Fifty-nine volunteers (age, 38.16 ± 10.23 years; male : female = 19 : 40) were exposed to tablet computer screen stimuli (iPad Air, Apple Inc.) for 1 hour. Participants watched a movie or played a computer game on the tablet computer. Visual fatigue and discomfort were assessed using an asthenopia questionnaire, tear film break-up time, and total ocular wavefront aberration before and after viewing smart mobile devices...
July 18, 2017: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894771/baseline-characteristics-of-fall-from-height-victims-presenting-to-emergency-department-a-brief-report
#5
Hamidreza Hatamabadi, Ali Arhami Dolatabadi, Batoul Atighinasab, Saeed Safari
INTRODUCTION: Trauma due to accidents or fall from height is a major cause of disability and mortality. The present study was designed aiming to evaluate the baseline characteristics of fall from height victims presenting to emergency department (ED). METHODS: This prospective cross-sectional study evaluates the baseline characteristics of fall from height cases presenting to EDs of three educational Hospitals, Tehran, Iran, during one year. Data were analyzed using SPSS 21 and presented using descriptive statistics...
2017: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882152/impact-of-the-supporting-physical-activity-in-the-childcare-environment-space-intervention-on-preschoolers-physical-activity-levels-and-sedentary-time-a-single-blind-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Patricia Tucker, Leigh M Vanderloo, Andrew M Johnson, Shauna M Burke, Jennifer D Irwin, Anca Gaston, Molly Driediger, Brian W Timmons
BACKGROUND: Physical activity levels among preschoolers in childcare are low and sedentary time high. The Supporting Physical Activity in the Childcare Environment (SPACE) intervention had three components: 1. portable play equipment; 2. staff training; and, 3. modified outdoor playtime (i.e., shorter, more frequent periods). This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of the SPACE intervention on preschoolers' physical activity levels and sedentary time during childcare hours (compared to standard care)...
September 7, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878570/some-applications-of-mathematics-in-golf
#7
REVIEW
S R Otto
At its core, like many other sports, golf is a game of integers. The minimization of the number of strokes played is generally what determines the winner, whether each of these are associated with the shortest of putts or the longest of drives. The outcomes of these shots are influenced by very slight changes, but hopefully in a deterministic sense. Understanding the mechanics of golf necessitates the development of models and this is coupled more often than not to the use of statistics. In essence, the individual aspects of the sport can be modelled adequately via fairly simplistic models, but the presence of a human at one end of the kinematic chain has a significant impact on the variability of the entire process...
August 2017: Proceedings. Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871281/live-cell-microscopy-and-fluorescence-based-measurement-of-luminal-ph-in-intracellular-organelles
#8
Li Ma, Qing Ouyang, Gordon C Werthmann, Heather M Thompson, Eric M Morrow
Luminal pH is an important functional feature of intracellular organelles. Acidification of the lumen of organelles such as endosomes, lysosomes, and the Golgi apparatus plays a critical role in fundamental cellular processes. As such, measurement of the luminal pH of these organelles has relevance to both basic research and translational research. At the same time, accurate measurement of intraorganellar pH in living cells can be challenging and may be a limiting hurdle for research in some areas. Here, we describe three powerful methods to measure rigorously the luminal pH of different intracellular organelles, focusing on endosomes, lysosomes, and the Golgi apparatus...
2017: Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869311/factors-underlying-observed-injury-rate-differences-between-temporary-workers-and-permanent-peers
#9
Michael Foley
BACKGROUND: Temporary workers face increased risk of injury as compared to permanent workers in similar occupations. This study explores the role played by several potential risk factors. METHODS: Injured temporary and permanent workers, matched by industry, tenure and demographic characteristics, were interviewed to isolate the association of temporary employment with several injury risk factors. RESULTS: Temporary workers had higher workers' compensation claims rates than their permanent worker-peers...
September 4, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857135/the-future-of-robotic-assisted-laparoscopic-gynaecologic-surgery-in-australia-a-time-and-a-place-for-everything
#10
REVIEW
James Nicklin
There has been a significant increase in minimally invasive surgery in gynaecology over the last 15 years, with approximately only one-third of hysterectomies for benign disease now performed via laparotomy. While robotic surgery offers considerable technical advantages over conventional laparoscopy and is associated with only a modest learning curve, the improvement in clinical outcomes is marginal and there are several disadvantages. There are increased set-up and operating times, the need to accommodate and maintain large sophisticated equipment, and the requirement for additional training...
August 31, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842708/copper-induced-conformational-changes-of-tripeptide-monolayer-based-impedimetric-biosensor
#11
Evgeniy Mervinetsky, Israel Alshanski, Yonatan Hamo, Leonardo Medrano Sandonas, Arezoo Dianat, Jörg Buchwald, Rafael Gutierrez, Gianaurelio Cuniberti, Mattan Hurevich, Shlomo Yitzchaik
Copper ions play a major role in biological processes. Abnormal Cu(2+) ions concentrations are associated with various diseases, hence, can be used as diagnostic target. Monitoring copper ion is currently performed by non-portable, expensive and complicated to use equipment. We present a label free and a highly sensitive electrochemical ion-detecting biosensor based on a Gly-Gly-His tripeptide layer that chelate with Cu(2+) ions. The proposed sensing mechanism is that the chelation results in conformational changes in the peptide that forms a denser insulating layer that prevents RedOx species transfer to the surface...
August 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835287/development-of-a-loop-mediated-isothermal-amplification-technique-and-comparison-with-quantitative-real-time-pcr-for-the-rapid-visual-detection-of-canine-neosporosis
#12
Aongart Mahittikorn, Nipa Thammasonthijarern, Amonrattana Roobthaisong, Ruenruetai Udonsom, Supaluk Popruk, Sukhontha Siri, Hirotake Mori, Yaowalark Sukthana
BACKGROUND: Dogs are the definitive hosts of Neospora caninum and play an important role in the transmission of the parasite. Despite the high sensitivity of existing molecular tools such as quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR), these techniques are not suitable for use in many countries because of equipment costs and difficulties in implementing them for field diagnostics. Therefore, we developed a simplified technique, loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP), for the rapid visual detection of N...
August 23, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832434/perceived-facilitators-and-barriers-to-local-health-department-workers-participation-in-infectious-disease-emergency-responses
#13
Lainie Rutkow, Amy Paul, Holly A Taylor, Daniel J Barnett
CONTEXT: Local health departments play a key role in emergency preparedness and respond to a wide range of threats including infectious diseases such as seasonal influenza, tuberculosis, H1N1, Ebola virus disease, and Zika virus disease. To successfully respond to an infectious disease outbreak, local health departments depend upon the participation of their workforce; yet, studies indicate that sizable numbers of workers would not participate in such a response. The reasons why local health department workers participate, or fail to participate, in infectious disease responses are not well understood...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831619/important-role-of-calcium-chloride-in-preventing-carbon-monoxide-generation-during-desflurane-degradation-with-alkali-hydroxide-free-carbon-dioxide-absorbents
#14
Takahiro Ando, Atsushi Mori, Rie Ito, Kimitoshi Nishiwaki
We investigated whether calcium chloride (CaCl2), a supplementary additive in carbon dioxide (CO2) absorbents, could affect carbon monoxide (CO) production caused by desflurane degradation, using a Japanese alkali-free CO2 absorbent Yabashi Lime(®)-f (YL-f), its CaCl2-free and 1% CaCl2-added derivatives, and other commercially available alkali-free absorbents with or without CaCl2. The reaction between 1 L of desflurane gas (3-10%) and 20 g of desiccated specimen was performed in an artificial closed-circuit anesthesia system for 3 min at 20 or 40 °C...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830267/google-home-smart-speaker-as-environmental-control-unit
#15
Kenichiro Noda
Environmental Control Units (ECU) are devices or a system that allows a person to control appliances in their home or work environment. Such system can be utilized by clients with physical and/or functional disability to enhance their ability to control their environment, to promote independence and improve their quality of life. Over the last several years, there have been an emergence of several inexpensive, commercially-available, voice activated smart speakers into the market such as Google Home and Amazon Echo...
August 23, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829988/anaesthetic-and-surgical-management-of-airway-penetrating-injuries-in-children-in-resource-poor-setting-case-reports
#16
Bassey E Edem, Amali Adekwu, Michael E Efu, Joseph Kuni, Gerald Onuchukwu, Johnbosco Ugwuadu
INTRODUCTION: Impacted penetrating foreign body (FB) in the airway especially the postnasal space presents with management challenges. The challenges are worsened by lack of modern equipment in resource-poor settings. Two suchlike cases were managed in this report. PRESENTATION OF CASES: Case 1: A 4-year-old girl who fell on a metal rod in her mouth while playing alone. Examination revealed an agitated child in open mouth posture, with a silvery straight metallic object impacted on the hard palate and projecting from the mouth...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829630/associated-factors-of-readiness-to-change-in-young-adult-risky-drinkers
#17
Ebon S Alley, Mary M Velasquez, Kirk Von Sternberg
BACKGROUND: Readiness to change alcohol use has been associated with a number of predictors including emotional distress, drinking severity, and consequence severity, as well as with static demographic factors such as gender and race/ethnicity. OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationships among these variables and readiness to change alcohol use in young adults. METHODS: Structural equation modeling was used to test pathways of readiness to change in 1,256 young adult patients (78% male/22% female) ages 18-29 who were provided screening, brief intervention and referral to treatment (SBIRT) as part of a Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) Treatment Capacity Expansion Project...
August 22, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827835/homogeneous-non-selective-and-slice-selective-parallel-transmit-excitations-at-7-tesla-with-universal-pulses-a-validation-study-on-two-commercial-rf-coils
#18
Vincent Gras, Markus Boland, Alexandre Vignaud, Guillaume Ferrand, Alexis Amadon, Franck Mauconduit, Denis Le Bihan, Tony Stöcker, Nicolas Boulant
Parallel transmission (pTx) technology, despite its great potential to mitigate the transmit field inhomogeneity problem in magnetic resonance imaging at ultra-high field (UHF), suffers from a cumbersome calibration procedure, thereby making the approach problematic for routine use. The purpose of this work is to demonstrate on two different 7T systems respectively equipped with 8-transmit-channel RF coils from two different suppliers (Rapid-Biomed and Nova Medical), the benefit of so-called universal pulses (UP), optimized to produce uniform excitations in the brain in a population of adults and making unnecessary the calibration procedures mentioned above...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827611/sensitivity-enhancement-of-flexible-gas-sensors-via-conversion-of-inkjet-printed-silver-electrodes-into-porous-gold-counterparts
#19
Yunnan Fang, Mitra Akbari, Lauri Sydänheimo, Leena Ukkonen, Manos M Tentzeris
This work describes a facile, mild and general wet chemical method to change the material and the geometry of inkjet-printed interdigitated electrodes (IDEs) thus drastically enhancing the sensitivity of chemiresistive sensors. A novel layer-by-layer chemical method was developed and used to uniformly deposit semiconducting single-wall carbon nanotube (SWCNT)-based sensing elements on a Kapton(®) substrate. Flexible chemiresistive sensors were then fabricated by inkjet-printing fine-featured silver IDEs on top of the sensing elements...
August 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820466/a-dft-calculation-of-fluoride-doped-tio%C3%A2-nanotubes-for-detecting-sf%C3%A2-decomposition-components
#20
Xiaoxing Zhang, Jun Zhang, Xingchen Dong, Hao Cui
Gas insulated switchgear (GIS) plays an important role in the transmission and distribution of electric energy. Detecting and analyzing the decomposed components of SF₆ is one of the important methods to realize the on-line monitoring of GIS equipment. In this paper, considering the performance limits of intrinsic TiO₂ nanotube gas sensor, the adsorption process of H₂S, SO₂, SOF₂ and SO₂F₂ on fluoride-doped TiO₂ crystal plane was simulated by the first-principle method. The adsorption mechanism of these SF₆ decomposition components on fluorine-doped TiO₂ crystal plane was analyzed from a micro perspective...
August 18, 2017: Sensors
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