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Lotte Skøt, Tina Jeppesen, Angelina Isabella Mellentin, Ask Elklit
PURPOSE: This descriptive study sought to explore barriers faced by Deaf and hard-of-hearing (D/HH) individuals in Denmark when accessing medical and psychosocial services following large-scale disasters and individual traumatic experiences. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with nine D/HH individuals who had experienced at least one disaster or other traumatic event. RESULTS: Difficulties were encountered during interactions with first response and healthcare services, which centered on: (1) lack of Deaf awareness among professionals, (2) problems accessing interpreter services, (3) professionals relying on hearing relatives to disseminate information, and (4) professionals who were unwilling to adjust their speech or try different forms of communication...
October 17, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Otuto Amarauche Chukwu, Valentine Nnaemeka Ezeanochikwa, Benedict Ejikeme Eya
PURPOSE: Reducing global disease burden requires improving access to medicines, thus the need for efficient and effective supply chain management for medicines. The Nigerian government came up with new policies on Mega Drug Distribution Centres and National Drug Distribution Guidelines to improve access to quality medicines with pharmacists having a key role to play. However, pharmacists in Nigeria seem not to be aware and adequately equipped to handle the medicines supply chain. This article aimed at assessing the awareness and readiness of Nigerian pharmacists on supply chain management practices for improving access to medicines...
September 12, 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Anna Marie Nathan, Hui Yan Loo, Jessie Anne de Bruyne, Kah Peng Eg, Sze Ying Kee, Surendran Thavagnanam, Marilyn Bouniu, Jiat Earn Wong, Chin Seng Gan, Lucy Chai See Lum
INTRODUCTION: Home ventilation (HV) for children is growing rapidly worldwide. The aim was to describe (1) the sociodemographic characteristics of children on HV and (2) the indications for, means and outcome of initiating HV in children from a developing country. METHODOLOGY: This retrospective study included patients sent home on noninvasive or invasive ventilation, over 13 years, by the pediatric respiratory unit in a single center. Children who declined treatment were excluded...
October 6, 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
Lara Riehl, Alexander Seyboldt, Markus Ströbele, David Enseling, Thomas Jüstel, Michael Westberg, Peter R Ogilby, H-Jürgen Meyer
Octahedral tungsten iodide clusters equipped with apical ligands (L) are synthesized to implement substantial photophysical properties. The [W6I8(CF3COO)6](2-) cluster reported herein is the first example of a family of ligand substituted [W6I8L6](2-) clusters. Such compounds are expected to exhibit a rich photochemistry in which the apical ligands play a crucial role. The versatile solid state and solution phase photophysical properties of (TBA)2[W6I8(CF3COO)6] described herein parallel characteristics obtained in some photophysically active organic compounds, including a broad absorption in the UV/VIS region...
October 4, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Chen Lu, Yang Wang, Minvydas Ragulskis, Yujie Cheng
Rotating machinery is one of the most typical types of mechanical equipment and plays a significant role in industrial applications. Condition monitoring and fault diagnosis of rotating machinery has gained wide attention for its significance in preventing catastrophic accident and guaranteeing sufficient maintenance. With the development of science and technology, fault diagnosis methods based on multi-disciplines are becoming the focus in the field of fault diagnosis of rotating machinery. This paper presents a multi-discipline method based on image-processing for fault diagnosis of rotating machinery...
2016: PloS One
Deepthi Rajashekar, Gowri Srinivasa, Anand Vinekar
Computer aided analysis plays a nontrivial role in assisting the diagnosis of various eye pathologies. In this paper, we propose a framework to help diagnose the presence of Aggressive Posterior Retinopathy Of Prematurity (APROP), a pathology that is characterised by rapid onset and increased tortuosity of blood vessels close to the optic disc (OD). We quantify vessel characteristics that are of clinical relevance to APROP such as tortuosity and the extent of branching i.e., vessel segment count in the defined diagnostic region...
2016: PloS One
Mitsuhiro Fujishiro, Shuntaro Yoshida, Rie Matsuda, Akiko Narita, Hiroharu Yamashita, Yasuyuki Seto
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic resection for early gastric cancer (EGC) plays a central role in the treatment of EGC in Japan. However, there is still room for improvement, and it is necessary to summarize the recently obtained knowledge from Japan for further improvement. METHODS: We conducted a PubMed search to select relevant articles in the 5 years until September 18, 2016, using the keywords "gastric cancer" and "endoscopic treatment," "endoscopic submucosal dissection," "endoscopic mucosal resection," or "polypectomy" and filtering article types as "clinical study" or "clinical trial...
October 4, 2016: Gastric Cancer
K Matsuura, K Canfield, W Feng, M Kurokawa
Apoptosis is a cellular suicide program that plays a critical role in development and human diseases, including cancer. Cancer cells evade apoptosis, thereby enabling excessive proliferation, survival under hypoxic conditions, and acquired resistance to therapeutic agents. Among various mechanisms that contribute to the evasion of apoptosis in cancer, metabolism is emerging as one of the key factors. Cellular metabolites can regulate functions of pro- and antiapoptotic proteins. In turn, p53, a regulator of apoptosis, also controls metabolism by limiting glycolysis and facilitating mitochondrial respiration...
2016: International Review of Cell and Molecular Biology
Y Lu, M Zhang
Objective: To study the applicability, the high frequency used content, the feasibility, and issues needed to be solved of the standard of GBZ 1-2010, aiming to provide technical evidence for the revision of GBZ1. Methods: In the study, the data were collected by referring to the literature database and the questionnaire from June 2013 to June 2015. There were 2 surveys carried out in the study, with methods including questionnaire survey and specific interview. The investigation methods include the paper version of the questionnaire by mail, the electronic version of the questionnaire by e-mail, and the online survey...
August 20, 2016: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
Arend Hintze, Ralph Hertwig
When humans fail to make optimal decisions in strategic games and economic gambles, researchers typically try to explain why that behaviour is biased. To this end, they search for mechanisms that cause human behaviour to deviate from what seems to be the rational optimum. But perhaps human behaviour is not biased; perhaps research assumptions about the optimality of strategies are incomplete. In the one-shot anonymous symmetric ultimatum game (UG), humans fail to play optimally as defined by the Nash equilibrium...
September 28, 2016: Scientific Reports
Nicolas Auguste, Marion Moutton, Emilie Achour, Anne Ribes, Régis Gonthier
OBJECTIVE: Loss of autonomy linked to the existence of a neurodegenerative Alzheimer's disease weakens living conditions in patients' homes. The measure 6 of the 2008-2012 Alzheimer's plan has enabled the creation of specialized teams Alzheimer's (ESA) to intervene at a stage beginner to moderate disease. This study aims to highlight the loss of autonomy beginners to moderate Alzheimer's patients and to analyze the population supported by ESA on a 6 months period. MATERIALS/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of the population supported by ESA Saint Etienne since October 2014 to May 2015...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Colin Perron, Olivier Rouillon, Pascal Edouard
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the incidence, characteristics and risk factors of injuries to French golfers high-level. MATERIAL AND METHODS: It was a national retrospective study by mailing a questionnaire to all the French Golf licensed under ten handicap. The questionnaire collected information on the characteristics of the player, practicing golf, equipment and the occurrence or not of an injury during the season 2015. A descriptive analysis and a comparison between the injured and uninjured golfers were made, followed by univariate and multivariate analysis to investigate potential risk factors...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Janlyn Murphy, Mary Ellen Bowers, Loretta Barron
BACKGROUND: After receiving U.S. Food and Drug Administration approval for the treatment of newly diagnosed glioblastoma (GBM) in 2015, following initial approval for treatment of recurrent GBM in 2011, Optune®, a device that uses tumor-treating fields (TTFields) therapy, continues to gain acceptance in the practice environment. OBJECTIVES: This article reviews how TTFields differ from traditional GBM treatment approaches and discusses the pivotal role nurses play in helping patients successfully use this therapy...
October 1, 2016: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
Hyocher Kim, Kyungsuk Lee, Kimmo Räsänen
INTRODUCTION: Agriculture is known to be a dangerous industry in Korea, as well as in other countries. According to earlier studies, the root cause of occupational injury can be identified with errors in the various systems of safety, and such identification is helpful for the prevention of occupational injury. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to examine the root causes of cases of agricultural injury in Korea, based on insurance claims and identification of errors in systems of safety...
September 2016: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
Nicksy Gumede, Sheick Oumar Coulibaly, Ali Ahmed Yahaya, Jean-Bosco Ndihokubwayo, Peter Nsubuga, Joseph Okeibunor, Annick Dosseh, Mbaye Salla, Richard Mihigo, Pascal Mkanda, Charles Byabamazima
BACKGROUND: The laboratory has always played a very critical role in diagnosis of the diseases. The success of any disease programme is based on a functional laboratory network. Health laboratory services are an integral component of the health system. Efficiency and effectiveness of both clinical and public health functions including surveillance, diagnosis, prevention, treatment, research and health promotion are influenced by reliable laboratory services. The establishment of the African Regional polio laboratory for the Polio Eradication Initiative (PEI) has contributed in supporting countries in their efforts to strengthen laboratory capacity...
October 10, 2016: Vaccine
Kattakayam Annamary, Gajula Shivashankarappa Prathima, Renganathan Sajeev, Gurusamy Kayalvizhi, Venkatesan Ramesh, Govindasamy Ezhumalai
INTRODUCTION: Dental setting plays an important role in child's behavior and cooperation to the planned dental treatment. Adding attractive colours to the dental environment and by incorporating colourful equipments can make the child feel good and be at ease. This study tries to convey the relationship between colours and dental anxiety among children. AIM: To evaluate the colour preference to emotions in relation to children's age, gender and anxiety level. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 382 children aged 6-12 years were randomly selected from schools in and around Puducherry...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Jose I Priego Quesada, Mercedes Sanchís Almenara, Zachary Y Kerr, Enrique Alcantara
BACKGROUND: Padel is a relatively new sport, with steady participation increases over the past 50 years. However, there is a need for data examining injury and associated risk factors. The study examined how intrinsic (e.g. age and sex) and extrinsic factors (e.g. padel participation and equipment) were associated with injury in recreational padel players. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire completed by 80 recreational padel players between September 2014 and March 2015 acquired data on: respondent demographics and padel-related activities; the number of injuries within the past year; characteristics of the last injury sustained; and extrinsic factors including respondents' evaluations of equipment (e...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Bryan G Beutel, Scott D Lifchez, Eitan Melamed
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular procedures are common and are trending toward endovascular interventions. With this increase in endovascular procedures, there is also increasing awareness of upper extremity morbidity resulting from treatment. METHODS: Articles indexed within PubMed between the years 1975 and 2015 that discussed such complications were reviewed. RESULTS: Percutaneous radial artery access can lead to nerve ischemia, especially in the setting of an incomplete arterial arch, whereas radial artery harvesting for bypass surgery more commonly causes frank tissue ischemia and radial neuropathy...
August 2016: Journal of Hand and Microsurgery
Yan Huang, Wenqian Wang, Tingting Wu, Li-Ping Xu, Yongqiang Wen, Xueji Zhang
A rapid, sensitive, and accurate detection strategy for microRNA 16 (miR-16) was developed, which combined the convenience of lateral flow biosensors (LFBs), the design flexibility of Y-shaped junction DNA probe, and the enhancement ability of endonuclease-assisted target recycling amplification. The system is composed of a molecular beacon (MB) probe, an assistant probe, and endonuclease Nt.BbvCI, which plays the role of signal translation and amplification. In the presence of the target microRNAs (miRNAs), three chains of nucleic acid could hybridize with each other to form a Y-shaped junction structure, which could be recognized by the endonuclease Nt...
November 2016: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Cynthia Swarnalatha Srikesavan, Barbara Shay, Tony Szturm
OBJECTIVES: To examine the feasibility of a clinical trial on a novel, home-based task-oriented training with conventional hand exercises in people with rheumatoid arthritis or hand osteoarthritis. To explore the experiences of participants who completed their respective home exercise programmes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty volunteer participants aged between 30 and 60 years and diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis or hand osteoarthritis were proposed for a single-center, assessor-blinded, randomized controlled trial ( ClinicalTrials...
September 13, 2016: Games for Health
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