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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815023/antibiotic-resistance-ability-to-form-biofilm-and-susceptibility-to-copper-alloys-of-selected-staphylococcal-strains-isolated-from-touch-surfaces-in-polish-hospital-wards
#1
Anna Różańska, Agnieszka Chmielarczyk, Dorota Romaniszyn, Małgorzata Bulanda, Monika Walkowicz, Piotr Osuch, Tadeusz Knych
BACKGROUND: Despite the employment of sanitary regimes, contact transmission of the aetiological agents of hospital infections is still exceedingly common. The issue of microbe transmission becomes particularly important when facing multidrug-resistant microorganisms such as methicillin-resistant staphylococci. In the case of deficiencies in cleaning and disinfection procedures, hospital equipment made of copper alloys can play an important role, complementing traditional hospital hygiene procedures...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813932/quantifying-infant-physical-interactions-using-sensorized-toys-in-a-natural-play-environment
#2
Vatsala Goyal, Wilson Torres, Roshan Rai, Frances Shofer, Daniel Bogen, Phillip Bryant, Laura Prosser, Michelle J Johnson
Infants with developmental delays must be detected early in their development to minimize the progression of motor and neurological impairments. Our objective is to quantify how sensorized toys in a natural play environment can promote infant-toy physical interactions. We created a hanging elephant toy, equipped with an inertial measurement unit (IMU), a pressure transducer, and multiple feedback sensors, to be a hand-grasping toy. We used a 3 DoF robotic model with inputs from the IMU to calculate multiple kinematic metrics and an equation to calculate haptic metrics from the pressure transducer...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806952/socio-cultural-contexts-of-end-of-life-conversations-and-decisions-bereaved-family-cancer-caregivers-retrospective-co-constructions
#3
Jennifer Nyawira Githaiga, Leslie Swartz
BACKGROUND: End-of-life communication becomes increasingly difficult in terminal cancer, which inevitably entails conversations around dying and death. In resource-limited areas, the context of end-of-life communication is usually home-based palliative care comprising mostly women in the family who play critical roles as informal caregivers. This article examined the content and contexts of family end-of-life conversations and decisions based on the retrospective accounts of a sample of bereaved women family cancer caregivers in Nairobi, Kenya...
August 14, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803416/rapid-screening-method-for-male-dna-by-using-the-loop-mediated-isothermal-amplification-assay
#4
Masashi Kitamura, Seiji Kubo, Jin Tanaka, Tatsushi Adachi
Screening for male-derived biological material from collected samples plays an important role in criminal investigations, especially those involving sexual assaults. We have developed a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay targeting multi-repeat sequences of the Y chromosome for detecting male DNA. Successful amplification occurred with 0.5 ng of male DNA under isothermal conditions of 61 to 67 °C, but no amplification occurred with up to 10 ng of female DNA. Under the optimized conditions, the LAMP reaction initiated amplification within 10 min and amplified for 20 min...
August 12, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799133/tablets-for-image-review-and-communication-in-daily-routine-of-orthopedic-surgeons-an-evaluation-study
#5
Sven Y Vetter, Svenja Schüler, Matthes Hackbusch, Michael Müller, Benedict Swartman, Marc Schnetzke, Paul Alfred Grützner, Jochen Franke
Medical images are essential in modern traumatology and orthopedic surgery. Access to images is often cumbersome due to a limited number of workstations. Moreover, due to the tremendous increase of data, the time to review or to communicate images has also become limited. One approach to overcome these problems is to make use of modern mobile devices, like tablet computers, to facilitate image access and associated workflows. Ten orthopedic surgeons were equipped with an Apple iPad mini 2 and specialized viewing software for medical images...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795001/evaluation-and-management-of-sport-related-concussions-in-adolescent-athletes
#6
REVIEW
Dilip R Patel, Venu Parachuri, Amrith Shettigar
Sport-related concussions in young athletes are common, generally under reported and often go unrecognized. Concussion in sport may result either from a direct impact to the head or from indirect forces transmitted to the brain from impact elsewhere on the body. Concussions may also result from sudden acceleration, deceleration or rotational forces to the brain. The key features of concussion include confusion, impaired memory and reduced speed of information processing. Recovery may occur from a few days to several weeks or months...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795000/sport-related-concussions-in-adolescent-athletes-a-critical-public-health-problem-for-which-prevention-remains-an-elusive-goal
#7
REVIEW
Dilip R Patel, Diana Fidrocki, Venu Parachuri
Sport-related concussions in young athletes are common, generally under reported and often unrecognized. Preventive strategies include education, modification of sport rules, use of equipment such as headgears, face masks and mouth guards, and neck muscle training. Evidence is limited to support effectiveness of these preventive measures with the exception of rule modification in some sports. In the United States, laws have been enacted that require medical evaluation and clearance prior to return to play; however, evidence thus far does not show that laws have been effective in reducing the incidence of concussions in sport...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790872/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-current-insights
#8
REVIEW
Sarah W Kinsinger
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a chronic gastrointestinal (GI) condition associated with significant health care utilization and quality-of-life impairment. Latest research indicates that the brain-gut axis plays a key role in the disorder, and the presence of psychological factors and central processing deficits contribute to symptom severity and disability. Psychological therapies as a whole have demonstrated good efficacy in reducing the severity of IBS symptoms. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) has been tested most rigorously in multiple randomized controlled trials and consistently demonstrates significant and durable effects on IBS symptoms and quality of life...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783648/regularized-semipaired-kernel-cca-for-domain-adaptation
#9
Siamak Mehrkanoon, Johan A K Suykens
Domain adaptation learning is one of the fundamental research topics in pattern recognition and machine learning. This paper introduces a regularized semipaired kernel canonical correlation analysis formulation for learning a latent space for the domain adaptation problem. The optimization problem is formulated in the primal-dual least squares support vector machine setting where side information can be readily incorporated through regularization terms. The proposed model learns a joint representation of the data set across different domains by solving a generalized eigenvalue problem or linear system of equations in the dual...
August 1, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777552/autocatalytic-pyrolysis-of-wastewater-biosolids-for-product-upgrading
#10
Zhongzhe Liu, Patrick J McNamara, Daniel Zitomer
Main goals for sustainable water resource recovery include maximizing energy generation, minimizing adverse environmental impacts, and recovering beneficial resources. Wastewater biosolids pyrolysis is a promising technology that could help facilities reach these goals because it produces biochar that is a valuable soil amendment as well as bio-oil and pyrolysis gas (py-gas) that can be used for energy. The raw bio-oil, however, is corrosive; therefore, employing it as fuel is challenging using standard equipment...
August 4, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774097/performance-of-high-layer-thickness-in-selective-laser-melting-of-ti6al4v
#11
Xuezhi Shi, Shuyuan Ma, Changmeng Liu, Cheng Chen, Qianru Wu, Xianping Chen, Jiping Lu
To increase building rate and save cost, the selective laser melting (SLM) of Ti6Al4V with a high layer thickness (200 μm) and low cost coarse powders (53 μm-106 μm) at a laser power of 400 W is investigated in this preliminary study. A relatively large laser beam with a diameter of 200 μm is utilized to produce a stable melt pool at high layer thickness, and the appropriate scanning track, which has a smooth surface with a shallow contact angle, can be obtained at the scanning speeds from 40 mm/s to 80 mm/s...
December 1, 2016: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772733/manufacturing-technology-of-composite-materials-principles-of-modification-of-polymer-composite-materials-technology-based-on-polytetrafluoroethylene
#12
Anton Panda, Kostiantyn Dyadyura, Jan Valíček, Marta Harničárová, Jozef Zajac, Vladimír Modrák, Iveta Pandová, Peter Vrábel, Ema Nováková-Marcinčínová, Zdeněk Pavelek
The results of the investigations into the technological formation of new wear-resistant polymer composites based on polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) filled with disperse synthetic and natural compounds are presented. The efficiency of using PTFE composites reinforced with carbon fibers depends on many factors, which influence the significant improvement of physicomechanical characteristics. The results of this research allow stating that interfacial and surface phenomena of the polymer-solid interface and composition play a decisive role in PTFE composites properties...
March 31, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770660/exploring-the-synergic-effects-of-nursing-home-work-on-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-nursing-assistants
#13
Shirley S Y Ching, Grace Szeto, Godfrey Kin Bun Lai, Xiao Bin Lai, Ying Tung Chan, Kin Cheung
Little is known about how nursing assistants (NAs) perceive the nature of their work and how their work contributes to work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs). This qualitative study addressed these gaps. Twenty-four NAs with WMSDs working in four nursing homes participated in semistructured focus group interviews. Their WMSDs were not limited to the lower back but involved several body parts. The risk factors for WMSDs included physical, psychosocial, organizational, and personal factors as well as coworkers and clients...
August 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764200/perception-and-attitude-of-medical-students-towards-communication-skills-lab-and-teaching-module
#14
Rahul Tanwani, Rita Chandki, Ajay Joshi, Vinod Kumar Arora, Prem Nyati, Seema Sutay
INTRODUCTION: The knowledge of proper communication skills with the patients plays a pivotal role in success of medical professionals. A practical approach would be to initiate its training at an early stage of education period of undergraduate medical students. AIM: To assess perception and attitude of medical students towards Communication Skills Lab (CSL) and teaching module in Central India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Department of General Surgery at Index Medical College, Indore, India...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764196/adequate-resources-as-essential-component-in-the-nursing-practice-environment-a-qualitative-study
#15
Mozhgan Rivaz, Marzieh Momennasab, Shahrzad Yektatalab, Abbas Ebadi
INTRODUCTION: Attracting and retaining well qualified nurses to develop healthcare systems and ensure patient safety is a global concern. In this regard, the quality of the practice environment plays a crucial role. AIM: To explore Iranian nurses perception on the key constituents of the nursing practice environment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted using a qualitative approach. Twelve participants were purposively selected from five teaching hospitals in Shiraz, Iran...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758728/development-of-near-infrared-nir-spectroscopy-based-process-monitoring-methodology-for-pharmaceutical-continuous-manufacturing-using-an-offline-calibration-approach
#16
Evan Hetrick, Zhenqi Shi, Lukas Barnes, Aaron Garrett, Robert Rupard, Timothy Kramer, Tony Cooper, David Myers, Bryan Castle
A near infrared (NIR) calibration was developed using an efficient offline approach to enable a quantitative partial least squares (PLS) chemometric model to measure and monitor the concentration of active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) in powder blends in the feed frame (FF) of a tablet press. The approach leveraged an offline "feed frame table" which was designed to mimic the full process from a NIR measurement perspective, thereby facilitating a more robust model by allowing more sources of variability to be included in the calibration by minimizing the consumption of API and other raw materials...
July 31, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747190/bone-mineral-density-in-people-living-with-hiv-a-narrative-review-of-the-literature
#17
REVIEW
M J Kruger, T A Nell
Bone health status is largely absent in South Africa, the main reasons being the absence and cost-effectiveness of specific screening equipment for assessing bone mineral density (BMD). Various risk factors seem to play a role, some of which can be modified to change bone health status. Urbanisation is also a public health concern. Changing nutritional, as well as social behaviour, play integral roles in the prevalence and incidence of decreased BMD. Furthermore, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) specifically, has a negative impact on BMD and although highly active antiretroviral therapy increases the prognosis for HIV-infected individuals, BMD still seem to decrease further...
July 26, 2017: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742608/epidemiology-of-injuries-in-women-s-lacrosse-implications-for-sport-level-and-sex-specific-injury-prevention-strategies
#18
Kim D Barber Foss, Ed Le Cara, Teri McCambridge, Richard Y Hinton, Adam Kushner, Gregory D Myer
OBJECTIVE: By the end of 2013, the United States had an estimated 278 000 female lacrosse players, with half of those participating at the youth level. The effects of the sport's rapid growth on injury rates have yet to be determined. The purpose of this clinical review is to synthesize the available published data on injuries that have occurred in the sport of women's lacrosse. Of particular interest was the risk of injury based on the level of play and position. DATA SOURCES: A comprehensive literature search was performed in PubMed, High Wire Press, SPORTDiscus, Google Scholar, and Ovid using the keywords "Lacrosse Injuries," "Epidemiology Lacrosse Injuries," "Lacrosse Injury," "Lacrosse," and "Injury...
July 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735829/comparative-effects-of-12-weeks-of-equipment-based-and-mat-pilates-in-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-on-pain-function-and-transversus-abdominis-activation-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
David Cruz-Díaz, M Bergamin, S Gobbo, Antonio Martínez-Amat, Fidel Hita-Contreras
BACKGROUND: Pilates method has been recommended for patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP) and the activation of transversus abdominis has been deemed to play an important role in the improvement of these patients. Nevertheless, the evidence of the activation of TrA in Pilates practitioners remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of 12 weeks of Pilates practice in disability, pain, kinesiophobia and transversus abdominis activation in patients with chronic nonspecific Low Back Pain...
August 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734683/health-seeking-behavior-and-medical-facility-choice-in-samsun-turkey
#20
Cihad Dündar
OBJECTIVE: Examining the factors that play a role in determining patient preferences for different healthcare institutions. METHOD: This descriptive study was conducted in five family health centers (FHC) and in six hospitals in Samsun Province in Turkey. The data were collected from 1700 volunteer patients by using a structured questionnaire, while they were waiting for consultation. RESULT: The average number of out-patient visits was 9...
July 12, 2017: Health Policy
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