keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Healthcare regulation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929874/healthcare-leadership-and-applied-philosophy-an-essential-resource
#1
Elizabeth Fistein, David Cruise Malloy
As healthcare professionals we are committed to the efficient and effective operation of our institutions. Bureaucratic structures, rules, regulations, policies, and of course, measurements, are the tools-at-hand. While there is nothing inherently pernicious about efficient, effective, and measured institutions, we argue what is critically missing in this environment is humanity and authenticity at the cost of meaningful work. The solutions we offer are found in the realm of philosophy and in particular that branch of philosophy that deals with first principles - what is a nurse; what is a patient; what is a hospital?...
July 2017: Healthcare Management Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929402/characteristics-of-laws-requiring-physicians-to-report-patient-information-for-public-health-surveillance-notable-patterns-from-a-nevada-case-study
#2
Maxim Gakh, Brian Labus, Brittany Walker
Laws across the globe require healthcare providers to disclose patient health information to public health entities for surveillance and intervention purposes. Physicians play a unique role in such mandatory reporting regimes. However, research reveals consistent under-reporting and points to limited knowledge of mandates, perceived burdens of reporting, misaligned incentives and penalties, and a lack of streamlined processes as significant reporting barriers. These barriers suggest that how legal mandates are structured may impact compliance; yet little research systematically examines their characteristics...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927378/genome-wide-imaging-association-study-implicates-functional-activity-and-glial-homeostasis-of-the-caudate-in-smoking-addiction
#3
David C Qian, David L Molfese, Jennifer L Jin, Alexander J Titus, Yixuan He, Yafang Li, Maxime Vaissié, Humsini Viswanath, Philip R Baldwin, Ralf Krahe, Ramiro Salas, Christopher I Amos
BACKGROUND: Nearly 6 million deaths and over a half trillion dollars in healthcare costs worldwide are attributed to tobacco smoking each year. Extensive research efforts have been pursued to elucidate the molecular underpinnings of smoking addiction and facilitate cessation. In this study, we genotyped and obtained both resting state and task-based functional magnetic resonance imaging from 64 non-smokers and 42 smokers. Smokers were imaged after having smoked normally ("sated") and after having not smoked for at least 12 h ("abstinent")...
September 19, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924447/passive-blood-anaphylaxis-subcutaneous-immunoglobulins-are-a-cause-of-ongoing-passive-anaphylactic-reaction
#4
Przemyslaw Zdziarski, Andrzej Gamian, Jacek Majda, Agnieszka Korzeniowska-Kowal
BACKGROUND: Allergic, especially anaphylactic, reactions during immunoglobulin replacement therapy are rare, but their pathophysiology and classification remain ambiguous. Recent findings show positive results of skin tests with commercially available immunoglobulins, but target antigens and responsible compounds of the tested immunoglobulins have not been strictly identified. CASE DESCRIPTION AND FINDINGS: Four adult patients with recently diagnosed common variable immunodeficiency qualified for standard subcutaneous immunoglobulin replacement therapy regimen...
2017: Allergy, Asthma, and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924032/staphylococcus-aureus-strain-newman-d2c-contains-mutations-in-major-regulatory-pathways-that-cripple-its-pathogenesis
#5
William E Sause, Richard Copin, Aidan O'malley, Rita Chan, Brian J Morrow, Peter T Buckley, Jeffrey Fernandez, A Simon Lynch, Bo Shopsin, Victor J Torres
Staphylococcus aureus is a major human pathogen that imposes a great burden on the healthcare system. In the development of anti-staphylococcal modalities intended to reduce the burden of staphylococcal disease, it is imperative to select appropriate models of S. aureus strains when assessing the efficacy of novel agents. Here, using whole genome sequencing, we reveal that the commonly used strain Newman D2C from the American Type Culture Collection (ATCC) contains mutations that render the strain essentially avirulent...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Bacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922541/effects-of-collagen-peptides-intake-on-skin-ageing-and-platelet-release-in-chronologically-aged-mice-revealed-by-cytokine-array-analysis
#6
Hongdong Song, Ling Zhang, Yongkang Luo, Siqi Zhang, Bo Li
Action mechanisms underlying various biological activities of collagen peptides (CPs) remained to be elucidated. Cytokines may play an important role in mediating these health benefits of CPs. This study aimed to systemically examine the cytokines in skin and blood regulated by CPs intake. Thirteen-month-old female Kunming mice were administered with CPs for 2 months (0 or 400 mg/kg bodyweight/day). The cytokines in skin and plasma were analysed using a 53-cytokine array and corresponding ELISA kits. In skin, CPs intake significantly down-regulated placenta growth factor (PIGF-2), insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-binding protein (IGFBP) -2 and IGFBP-3, and up-regulated platelet factor 4 (PF4), serpin E1 and transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 ...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914335/regulatory-experience-of-tops-an-internet-based-system-to-prevent-healthy-subjects-from-over-volunteering-for-uk-clinical-trials
#7
C Allen, G Francis, J Martin, M Boyce
PURPOSE: The aim was to review the use of The Over-volunteering Prevention System (TOPS) since the HRA began hosting it in 2013, and the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) experience of monitoring its use by UK clinical research units. METHODS: The HRA searched the TOPS database for the number, type and location of units and the number of entries. The MHRA inspectors reviewed their findings from routine inspections. RESULTS: Twenty-two additional UK units registered to use TOPS during 2013-2016, making a total of 84 units since TOPS was established in 2002...
September 15, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913595/health-professionals-make-their-choice-pharmaceutical-industry-leaders-understandings-of-conflict-of-interest
#8
Quinn Grundy, Lisa Tierney, Christopher Mayes, Wendy Lipworth
Conflicts of interest, stemming from relationships between health professionals and the pharmaceutical industry, remain a highly divisive and inflammatory issue in healthcare. Given that most jurisdictions rely on industry to self-regulate with respect to its interactions with health professionals, it is surprising that little research has explored industry leaders' understandings of conflicts of interest. Drawing from in-depth interviews with ten pharmaceutical industry leaders based in Australia, we explore the normalized and structural management of conflicts of interest within pharmaceutical companies...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903886/patient-privacy-in-the-era-of-big-data
#9
Mehmet Kayaalp
Privacy was defined as a fundamental human right in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights at the 1948 United Nations General Assembly. However, there is still no consensus on what constitutes privacy. In this review, we look at the evolution of privacy as a concept from the era of Hippocrates to the era of social media and big data. To appreciate the modern measures of patient privacy protection and correctly interpret the current regulatory framework in the United States, we need to analyze and understand the concepts of individually identifiable information, individually identifiable health information, protected health information (PHI), and de-identification...
September 13, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901917/ensuring-proactive-regulatory-initiatives-align-with-the-public-interest
#10
Kathleen Leslie, Sioban Nelson
Regulation of health professions in Ontario has been under scrutiny in recent years with critical media attention and multiple legislative reform measures. The College of Medical Laboratory Technologists of Ontario's proactive regulatory initiative on steering professional culture, described by Wilkie and Tzountzouris (2017) in their discussion paper, is an example of a regulator evolving its role in the face of changing healthcare demands. In this response, we emphasize how regulators considering these types of initiatives need to ensure the focus remains on transparently carrying out their legislative duty of serving and protecting the public interest...
2017: HealthcarePapers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901914/evolving-professional-regulation-keeping-up-with-health-system-evolution
#11
Elizabeth F Wenghofer, Sophia M Kam
In this article, we reflected on the notion that an evolving healthcare system requires evolving professional regulation to keep pace with system growth and change. The importance of interprofessional and patient-centred care for Ontario's healthcare system is clear. However, the profession specificity of the system is strongly embedded through Ontario's institutional and legislative structures. The result is an evolving system of care with the system of health professional regulation being somewhat left behind...
2017: HealthcarePapers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901913/professional-healthcare-regulation-and-practice-the-case-of-medicine-in-britain
#12
Mike Saks
This contribution comments selectively on the themes of the lead paper by Wilkie and Tzountzouris (2017) on aspects of Canadian healthcare regulation that impact on the crucial agenda of public protection. In a more skeptical sociopolitical climate in the modern world, these authors particularly highlight the need to ensure professional attitudes and behaviours enhance and sustain safe patient care - using the recent stance on professionalism of the College of Medical Laboratory Technologists of Ontario as an illustration of good practice...
2017: HealthcarePapers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901912/enabling-evolving-practice-for-healthcare-professionals-a-regulator-s-journey
#13
Kathy Wilkie, John Tzountzouris
The inherent risk involved in the provision of healthcare services leads to the inevitable requirement of health human resource oversight to protect the public from harm (Bayne 2012). As healthcare systems evolve, so do theoretical models for, and practical applications of, health human resource oversight policy and processes. The College of Medical Laboratory Technologists of Ontario (CMLTO), as one of 26 health regulatory bodies in Ontario, implements programs or processes to enact and support changes in the knowledge, skill and judgment of their members...
2017: HealthcarePapers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901911/defining-health-profession-regulators-roles-in-the-canadian-healthcare-system
#14
Joshua Tepper, Humayun Ahmed, Adalsteinn D Brown
Health professions regulation today faces a myriad of challenges, due to both the perceived performance of regulatory colleges, how health systems have evolved, and even larger political and economic shifts such as the renegotiation of NAFTA. In this issue of Healthcare Papers, Wilkie and Tzountzouris (2017) describe the work of the College of Medical Laboratory Technologists of Ontario (CMLTO) to redefine professionalism in the context of these challenges. Their paper, and the comments of the responding authors in this issue highlight that there, is an overarching perception that health regulatory structures - across a range of professions - are not working as effectively as they should...
2017: HealthcarePapers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901341/-healthcare-services-citizen-s-right-and-healthcare-systems-safeguard-considerations-rising-from-the-charlie-gard-story
#15
Giuseppe R Gristina
The story of Charlie Gard, an 11-month-old boy suffering from a rare inherited mitochondrial disease called 'infantile encephalomyopathic mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome' and kept alive thanks to life supports, rises some issues regarding the provision of healthcare. Is there a right of an individual person to buy any healthcare benefits only because he has enough money to do so? If the answer is 'yes', in light of the distributive justice principle how do governments balance this right with the obligation to regulate health care systems ensuring that all treatments are useful and affordable for everybody? Many considerations of the best interest of patients can be found in this debate, but we cannot ignore neither the value of the scientific method as the cornerstone of the medical profession nor a commitment to support the moral integrity of clinical practice by refusing to provide treatments that do not meet a reasonable threshold of scientific justification evidence-based...
September 2017: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894741/digital-health-and-the-challenge-of-health-systems-transformation
#16
Hassane Alami, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Jean-Paul Fortin
Information and communication technologies have transformed all sectors of society. The health sector is no exception to this trend. In light of "digital health", we see multiplying numbers of web platforms and mobile health applications, often brought by new unconventional players who produce and offer services in non-linear and non-hierarchal ways, this by multiplying access points to services for people. Some speak of a "uberization" of healthcare. New realities and challenges have emerged from this paradigm, which question the abilities of health systems to cope with new business and economic models, governance of data and regulation...
2017: MHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889161/employers-viewpoint-on-clinical-education
#17
Christopher W O'Brien, Roy Anderson, Benjamin Ayzenberg, Patricia Chute, Tracy Farnsworth, Robert McLaughlin, Barbara Romig, Yasmen Samonian, Jacquelyn Sample, Troy Tynsky, Barbara Wallace, Marcie Weinstein, Julie O'Sullivan Maillet
ISSUE: This qualitative study gathered the opinions of healthcare employers to better understand the importance, benefits, obstacles, and evolving issues related to allied health (AH) clinical education from the employers' perspective, with the goal to identify opportunities to strengthen and improve clinical-educational partnerships. METHOD: Member deans of the Association of Schools of Allied Health Professions (ASAHP) provided names and contact information of employers that routinely educate their students...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882908/what-are-the-key-contextual-factors-when-preparing-for-successful-implementation-of-assistive-living-technology-in-primary-elderly-care-a-case-study-from-norway
#18
Martha Therese Gjestsen, Siri Wiig, Ingelin Testad
OBJECTIVE: To identify contextual factors at different organisational levels to guide the implementation of an assistive living technology intervention in Norwegian primary home care. DESIGN: A single embedded case study design was carried out in an urban municipality in Western Norway to get an overview of key contextual factors from the municipality's perspective. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: The data collection was based on a triangulation of methods involving document analysis, semi-structured individual interviews and focus group interviews to get a broad insight when preparing for an intervention...
September 7, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880423/variation-in-job-titles-within-the-nursing-workforce
#19
Alison Leary, Katrina Maclaine, Paul Trevatt, Mark Radford, Geoffrey Punshon
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES/BACKGROUND: The work of specialist nursing has been under scrutiny for many years in the UK due to a perception that it is not cost-effective. A common issue is the lack of consistency of job titles, which causes confusion to the public, employing organisations, colleagues and commissioners of services. Lack of consistency has implications for the wider perception of advanced specialist practice in the worldwide community and the workforce more generally. This study aims to understand the variation in job titles in the UK population...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878484/direct-access-to-physical-therapy-for-the-patient-with-musculoskeletal-disorders-a-literature-review
#20
REVIEW
Leonardo Piano, Filippo Maselli, Antonello Viceconti, Silvia Gianola, Aldo Ciuro
[Purpose] To present legislation comparing direct and referred access-or other measures-to physical therapy. The focus is on the management of the most burdensome musculoskeletal disorders in terms of regulations, costs, effectiveness, safety and cost-effectiveness. [Methods] Main biomedical databases and gray literature were searched ranging from a global scenario to the analysis of targeted geographical areas and specifically Italy and the Region Piedmont. [Results] legislation on Direct Access highlights inconsistencies among the countries belonging to World Confederation for Physical Therapy...
August 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
keyword
keyword
84079
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"