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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732388/blood-transfusion-and-mortality-in-myocardial-infarction-an-updated-meta-analysis
#1
Zuomin Yin, Botao Yu, Weisheng Liu, Ketao Lan
BACKGROUND: Several observational and preclinical studies have shown that blood transfusion may modify the mortality of patients with myocardial infarction (MI). The aim of this meta-analysis is to evaluate the recent evidence on the effectiveness of blood transfusion for all-cause mortality in patients with MI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PUBMED, EMBASE and the Cochrane central register of controlled trials were searched up to June 2016 by two independent investigators...
July 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732330/legacy-persistent-organic-pollutants-including-pbdes-in-the-trophic-web-of-the-ross-sea-antarctica
#2
Simonetta Corsolini, Nicoletta Ademollo, Tania Martellini, Demetrio Randazzo, Marino Vacchi, Alessandra Cincinelli
The ecological features of the Ross Sea trophic web are peculiar and different from other polar food webs, with respect to the use of habitat and species interactions; due to its ecosystem integrity, it is the world's largest Marine Protected Area, established in 2016. Polar organisms are reported to bioaccumulate lipophilic contaminant, viz persistent organic pollutants (POPs). Legacy POPs and flame retardants (polybrominated diphenyl ethers, PBDEs) were studied in key species of the Ross Sea (Euphausia superba, Pleuragramma antarctica) and their predators (Dissostichus mawsoni, Pygoscelis adeliae, Aptenodytes forsteri, Catharacta maccormicki, Leptonychotes weddellii)...
July 12, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732325/epidemiology-and-pathophysiology-of-pregnancy-associated-breast-cancer-a-review
#3
REVIEW
Rossana Ruiz, Carmen Herrero, Kathrin Strasser-Weippl, Diego Touya, Jessica St Louis, Alexandra Bukowski, Paul E Goss
The interactions between pregnancy and breast cancer (BC) are complex. Overall, parity is associated with long-term protective effects against BC, however in a small group of susceptible patients, pregnancy can lead to the development of a form of BC with a particularly poor prognosis. Pregnancy-associated breast cancer (PABC) remains an under-studied but important and growing clinical problem worldwide. Several aspects of PABC, including risk factors and mechanisms involved in its occurrence and aggressiveness, are incompletely understood...
July 18, 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732324/anti-m%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-amh-levels-in-premenopausal-breast-cancer-patients-treated-with-taxane-based-adjuvant-chemotherapy-a-translational-research-project-of-the-success-a-study
#4
E K Trapp, J Steidl, B Rack, M S Kupka, U Andergassen, J Jückstock, A Kurt, T Vilsmaier, A de Gregorio, N de Gregorio, M Tzschaschel, C Lato, A Polasik, H Tesch, A Schneeweiss, M W Beckmann, P A Fasching, W Janni, V Müller
BACKGROUND: Premenopausal women undergoing chemotherapy are at high risk for premature ovarian failure and its long-term consequences. Data on potential markers to evaluate ovarian reserve pre- and posttreatment are limited. Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) known for ovarian reserve in reproductive medicine could be a surrogate marker and was assessed in premenopausal breast cancer patients of the SUCCESS A study (EUDRA-CT no. 2005-000490-21). METHODS: We identified 170 premenopausal patients, age ≤ 40 years at trial entry, who received FEC-Doc as taxane-anthracylince based chemotherapy...
July 18, 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732305/association-between-gaseous-air-pollutants-and-inflammatory-hemostatic-and-lipid-markers-in-a-cohort-of-midlife-women
#5
Xiangmei May Wu, Rupa Basu, Brian Malig, Rachel Broadwin, Keita Ebisu, Ellen B Gold, Lihong Qi, Carol Derby, Rochelle S Green
BACKGROUND: Exposures to ambient gaseous pollutants have been linked to cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), but the biological mechanisms remain uncertain. OBJECTIVES: This study examined the changes in CVD marker levels resulting from elevated exposure to ambient gaseous pollutants in midlife women. METHODS: Annual repeated measurements of several inflammatory, hemostatic and lipid makers were obtained from 2306 midlife women enrolled in the longitudinal Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN) between 1999 and 2004...
July 18, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732294/soil-bacterial-community-response-to-vegetation-succession-after-fencing-in-the-grassland-of-china
#6
Quanchao Zeng, Shaoshan An, Yang Liu
Natural succession is an important process in terrestrial system, playing an important role in enhancing soil quality and plant diversity. Soil bacteria is the linkage between soil and plant, has an important role in aboveground community dynamics and ecosystem functioning in terrestrial ecosystems, driving the decomposition of soil organic matter and plant litter. However, the role of soil bacteria in the secondary succession has not been well understood, particularly in the degraded soil of Loess Plateau...
July 18, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732282/proficient-use-of-low-spatial-frequencies-facilitates-face-memory-but-shows-protracted-maturation-throughout-adolescence
#7
Judith C Peters, Chantal Kemner
Face perception is characterized by configural processing, which depends on visual information in the low spatial frequency (LSF) ranges. However, it is unclear whether LSF content is equally important for face memory. The present study investigated how face information in the low and high SF range plays a role in the configural encoding of faces for short-term and long-term recall. Moreover, we examined how SF-dependent face memorization develops in female adolescence, by comparing children (9-10-year-olds), adolescents (12-13-year-olds and 15-16-year-olds), and young adults (21-32-year-olds)...
July 18, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732277/assessment-of-metal-and-pah-profiles-in-suds-soil-based-on-an-improved-experimental-procedure
#8
Damien Tedoldi, Ghassan Chebbo, Daniel Pierlot, Yves Kovacs, Marie-Christine Gromaire
The increasing use of infiltration-based systems for stormwater management questions the soil's ability to act as a long-term filter for runoff contaminants, and brings about operational matters regarding the most effective maintenance practices to enhance contaminant retention in SUDS. This paper reports the vertical extent of metal and PAH contamination in the soil of seven source-control devices in operation for more than 10 years, assessed via a two-step sampling strategy to optimize the representativeness of the contamination profiles...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732254/going-down-the-tubes-impact-on-seizure-control-of-antiepileptic-medication-given-via-percutaneous-feeding-tubes
#9
REVIEW
Caryn Jory, Rohit Shankar, Katy Oak, Janina Oates, Mike Wilcock
BACKGROUND: Long-term feeding by percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube (PEG) is uncommon but can present significant issues when both nutrition and medication have to be fed down the same tube. This is especially important in people with epilepsy where the dose and bioavailability of antiepileptic drugs are critical to maintain adequate seizure control. This group with long-term PEG tubes is particularly vulnerable and dependent on their carers to provide high standard of care. Indeed, approximately half of the people with long-term feeding tubes suffer from severe intellectual disability which requires careful coordination of all members of the multidisciplinary team...
July 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732252/update-on-medical-treatment-of-uterine-fibroids
#10
REVIEW
Fátima Faustino, Margarida Martinho, José Reis, Fernanda Águas
OBJECTIVES: In this review paper, the pros and cons of the available pharmacological options for the treatment of uterine fibroids are explored, including oral progestogens, levonorgestrel intra-uterine device, gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogs and progesterone receptor modulators with an emphasis on ulipristal acetate. STUDY DESIGN: The choice of the appropriate therapeutic approach for uterine fibroids depends on several factors, including women's age, parity, childbearing aspirations and wish to preserve fertility, extent and severity of symptoms, size, number and location of myomas, risk of malignancy and proximity to menopause...
July 8, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732218/invasiveness-of-tibial-bone-graft-harvesting-for-secondary-alveolar-bone-grafting-can-harvesting-be-made-at-the-age-of-less-than-10%C3%A2-years-without-complications
#11
Kohta Fukuta, Kenichi Kurita, Atsushi Nakayama, Masahito Maeda, Hiroshi Watanabe, Mitsuo Goto
PURPOSE: In this study, particulate cancellous bone marrow was harvested from the tibia for alveolar bone grafting, and postoperative complications at the donor site were compared between patients aged 10 years or older (29 tibias) and those aged younger than 10 years (42 tibias). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Enrolled patients were those who underwent tibial bone graft harvesting at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Aichi Gakuin University, during a period of 3 years and 1 month from March 2012 through March 2015...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732171/using-metagenomics-to-show-the-efficacy-of-forest-restoration-in-the-new-jersey-pine-barrens
#12
William D Eaton, Shadi Shokralla, Kathleen M McGee, Mehrdad Hajibabaei
The Franklin Parker Preserve within the New Jersey Pine Barrens contains 5,000 acres of wetlands habitat, including old-growth Atlantic White Cedar (or AWC; Chamaecyparis thyoides) swamps, cranberry bogs, and former cranberry bogs undergoing restoration into AWC forests. This study showed that the C-use efficiency was greater in the old-growth AWC soils than in soils from 8-year old mid-stage restored AWC stands, which were greater than found in soil from 4-year old AWC stands-the latter two stands being restored from long-term cranberry bogs...
July 21, 2017: Genome Génome / Conseil National de Recherches Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732169/design-of-modular-peptide-surfactants-and-their-surface-activity
#13
Hao-Fei Wang, David Wibowo, Zhengzhong Shao, Anton Peter J Middelberg, Chun-Xia Zhao
Designed peptide surfactants offer a number of advanced properties over conventional petrochemical surfactants, including biocompatibility, sustainability, and tailorability of the chemical and physical properties through peptide design. Their biocompatibility and degradability make them attractive for various applications, particularly for food and pharmaceutical applications. In this work, two new peptide surfactants derived from an amphiphilic peptide surfactant (AM1) were designed (AM-S and C8-AM) to better understand links between structure, interfacial activity and emulsification...
July 21, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732072/placental-peptides-metabolism-and-maternal-factors-as-predictors-of-risk-of-gestational-diabetes-in-pregnant-women-a-case-control-study
#14
Robert Amadu Ngala, Linda Ahenkorah Fondjo, Peter Gmagna, Frank Naku Ghartey, Martin Akilla Awe
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes is a risk factor for perinatal complications; include shoulder dystocia, birth injuries such as bone fractures and nerve palsies. It is associated with later development of type 2 diabetes, the risk of macrosomia and other long-term health effects of infants born to diabetic mothers. The study assesses placental peptides and maternal factors as potential predictors of gestational diabetes among pregnant women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 200 pregnant women were recruited for the study, 150 pregnant women without pre gestational diabetes including 50 women with low risk factors of diabetes as controls and 50 other pregnant women with pregestational diabetes as control...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732044/the-prognostic-impact-of-human-papillomavirus-status-following-treatment-failure-in-oropharyngeal-cancer
#15
Eesha Dave, Umut Ozbek, Vishal Gupta, Eric Genden, Brett Miles, Marita Teng, Marshall Posner, Krzysztof Misiukiewicz, Richard L Bakst
INTRODUCTION: Despite the human papillomavirus conferring a better prognosis in the primary treatment setting, the prognostic impact of viral status after treatment failure in oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma patients is poorly understood. METHODS: We retrospectively identified 33 oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPC) patients with local and/or distant disease recurrence post-treatment, and looked at metastatic patterns, time to failure and survival patterns by HPV status...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732037/integrating-cervical-cancer-with-hiv-healthcare-services-a-systematic-review
#16
Louise Sigfrid, Georgina Murphy, Victoria Haldane, Fiona Leh Hoon Chuah, Suan Ee Ong, Francisco Cervero-Liceras, Nicola Watt, Alconada Alvaro, Laura Otero-Garcia, Dina Balabanova, Sue Hogarth, Will Maimaris, Kent Buse, Martin Mckee, Peter Piot, Pablo Perel, Helena Legido-Quigley
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is a major public health problem. Even though readily preventable, it is the fourth leading cause of death in women globally. Women living with HIV are at increased risk of invasive cervical cancer, highlighting the need for access to screening and treatment for this population. Integration of services has been proposed as an effective way of improving access to cervical cancer screening especially in areas of high HIV prevalence as well as lower resourced settings...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732026/investigation-of-opioid-use-and-long-term-oncologic-outcomes-for-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients-treated-with-surgery
#17
Tak Kyu Oh, Jae Hyun Jeon, Jong Mog Lee, Moon Soo Kim, Jee Hee Kim, Hyeyeon Cho, Seong-Eun Kim, Woosik Eom
Opioids are commonly used for postoperative pain control in cancer patients. In addition to pain control, an association between opioid use and long-term oncologic outcomes, such as recurrence or overall survival, has been postulated. The aim of this study was to determine whether postoperative opioid use in patients with non-small cell lung cancer is associated with long-term oncologic outcomes, including recurrence and death. Data obtained from 1009 medical records of patients who underwent curative resection at the National Cancer Center, Korea between January 2006 and December 2010 were retrospectively analyzed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732022/global-economic-trade-offs-between-wild-nature-and-tropical-agriculture
#18
Luis R Carrasco, Edward L Webb, William S Symes, Lian P Koh, Navjot S Sodhi
Global demands for agricultural and forestry products provide economic incentives for deforestation across the tropics. Much of this deforestation occurs with a lack of information on the spatial distribution of benefits and costs of deforestation. To inform global sustainable land-use policies, we combine geographic information systems (GIS) with a meta-analysis of ecosystem services (ES) studies to perform a spatially explicit analysis of the trade-offs between agricultural benefits, carbon emissions, and losses of multiple ecosystem services because of tropical deforestation from 2000 to 2012...
July 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731934/long-term-evaluation-of-specular-microscopic-changes-following-nd-yag-iridotomy-in-chronic-primary-angle-closure-glaucoma-eyes
#19
Ramanjit Sihota, Esha Agarwal, Mathew James, Meena Verma, Lalit Kumar, Tanuj Dada, Viney Gupta, Kulwant Singh Kapoor
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate specular microscopy of chronic primary angle-closure glaucoma (CPACG) eyes at least 1 year after Nd:YAG iridotomy, and compare them with CPACG eyes without an iridotomy and age-matched, normal eyes. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Consecutive patients of CPACG at the Glaucoma service were screened. All patients underwent slit-lamp biomicroscopy, +90 D examination, and applanation tonometry. A total of 100 eyes of 100 consecutive patients of CPACG with an Nd:YAG iridotomy performed ≥1 year before, who met all inclusion/exclusion criteria, 60 consecutive CPACG eyes without an iridotomy, and 60 age and refraction-matched control eyes were enrolled...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731907/oral-nucleos-t-ide-analogs-alone-after-liver-transplantation-in-chronic-hepatitis-b-with-preexisting-rt204-mutation
#20
James Fung, Tiffany Wong, Kenneth Chok, Albert Chan, Sui-Ling Sin, Tan-To Cheung, Wing-Chiu Dai, Kelvin Ng, Kevin Ng, Kwan Man, Wai-Kay Seto, Ching-Lung Lai, Man-Fung Yuen, Chung-Mau Lo
BACKGROUND: There is currently limited data regarding the use of oral antiviral therapy alone without HBIG for CHB patients with preexisting LAM-resistance (LAM-R) undergoing liver transplantation. METHODS: This is a cohort study determining the effectiveness and long-term outcome in this group of patients. RESULTS: Fifty-seven consecutive CHB patients with preexisting rt204 LAM-R mutations or virological load refractory to LAM undergoing liver transplantation were included, with a median follow-up of 73 months...
July 21, 2017: Transplantation
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