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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792210/animal-models-to-study-non-celiac-gluten-sensitivity
#1
Plaimein Amnuaycheewa, Joseph A Murray, Eric V Marietta
Non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS), sometimes known as non-celiac wheat sensitivity (NCWS), has recently received much attention, both scientific as well as from the alternative medical community. Over the past 5 years, there are over 200 publications on NCGS indexed on PubMed database, the gluten-free market has been growing bigger, and it is clear that the number of consumers who are on a gluten-free diet (GFD) possibly because of a suspicion for NCGS appears to grow even faster. Nevertheless, despite these three rising events, many questions about NCGS remain unresolved...
October 28, 2016: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27426486/dietary-triggers-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-is-there-a-role-for-gluten
#2
Umberto Volta, Maria Ines Pinto-Sanchez, Elisa Boschetti, Giacomo Caio, Roberto De Giorgio, Elena F Verdu
A tight link exists between dietary factors and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), one of the most common functional syndromes, characterized by abdominal pain/discomfort, bloating and alternating bowel habits. Amongst the variety of foods potentially evoking "food sensitivity", gluten and other wheat proteins including amylase trypsin inhibitors represent the culprits that recently have drawn the attention of the scientific community. Therefore, a newly emerging condition termed non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) or nonceliac wheat sensitivity (NCWS) is now well established in the clinical practice...
October 30, 2016: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27388423/predominance-of-type-1-innate-lymphoid-cells-in-the-rectal-mucosa-of-patients-with-non-celiac-wheat-sensitivity-reversal-after-a-wheat-free-diet
#3
Diana Di Liberto, Pasquale Mansueto, Alberto D'Alcamo, Marianna Lo Pizzo, Elena Lo Presti, Girolamo Geraci, Francesca Fayer, Giuliana Guggino, Giuseppe Iacono, Francesco Dieli, Antonio Carroccio
OBJECTIVES: Non-celiac wheat sensitivity (NCWS) is defined as a reaction to ingested wheat after exclusion of celiac disease and wheat allergy. As its pathogenesis is incompletely understood, we evaluated the inflammatory response in the rectal mucosa of patients with well-defined NCWS. METHODS: The prospective study included 22 patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)-like clinical presentation, diagnosed with NCWS by double-blind placebo-controlled challenge...
2016: Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26060111/non-celiac-wheat-sensitivity-differential-diagnosis-triggers-and-implications
#4
REVIEW
Detlef Schuppan, Geethanjali Pickert, Muhammad Ashfaq-Khan, Victor Zevallos
Non allergy-non-celiac wheat sensitivity (NCWS) has become a common and often overrated diagnosis. Skepticism mainly relates to patients with prominent intestinal symptoms in the absence of general or intestinal signs of inflammation. There is consensus that the major wheat sensitivities, celiac disease and wheat allergy, have to be ruled out which may be difficult for wheat allergy. The non-inflammatory intolerances to carbohydrates, mainly lactose and FODMAPs (fermentable oligi-, di-, monosaccharides and polyols), which cause bloating or diarrhoea, can usually be excluded clinically or by simple tests...
June 2015: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26026392/high-proportions-of-people-with-nonceliac-wheat-sensitivity-have-autoimmune-disease-or-antinuclear-antibodies
#5
MULTICENTER STUDY
Antonio Carroccio, Alberto D'Alcamo, Francesca Cavataio, Maurizio Soresi, Aurelio Seidita, Carmelo Sciumè, Girolamo Geraci, Giuseppe Iacono, Pasquale Mansueto
BACKGROUND & AIMS: There is much interest in wheat sensitivity among people without celiac disease (CD), but little is known about any risks associated with the condition. We evaluated the prevalence of autoimmune diseases (ADs) among patients with nonceliac wheat sensitivity (NCWS), and investigated whether they carry antinuclear antibodies (ANA). METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of 131 patients diagnosed with NCWS (121 female; mean age, 29.1 years) at 2 hospitals in Italy from January 2001 through June 2011...
September 2015: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25837529/wheat-related-disorders-reviewed-making-a-grain-of-sense
#6
Renée M Marchioni Beery, John W Birk
Wheat-related disorders have become a growing area of clinical and scientific interest and can be categorized broadly as: autoimmune-mediated; allergic; and non-autoimmune/non-allergic conditions. Non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) and non-celiac wheat sensitivity (NCWS) present on this spectrum as disorders associated with adverse gastrointestinal and extra-intestinal manifestations following exposure to gluten and/or other wheat-related constituents. NCGS/NCWS is increasingly considered in patients with unexplained symptoms after the exclusions of celiac disease and wheat allergy...
June 2015: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25430806/risk-of-low-bone-mineral-density-and-low-body-mass-index-in-patients-with-non-celiac-wheat-sensitivity-a-prospective-observation-study
#7
Antonio Carroccio, Maurizio Soresi, Alberto D'Alcamo, Carmelo Sciumè, Giuseppe Iacono, Girolamo Geraci, Ignazio Brusca, Aurelio Seidita, Floriana Adragna, Miriam Carta, Pasquale Mansueto
BACKGROUND: Non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) or 'wheat sensitivity' (NCWS) is included in the spectrum of gluten-related disorders. No data are available on the prevalence of low bone mass density (BMD) in NCWS. Our study aims to evaluate the prevalence of low BMD in NCWS patients and search for correlations with other clinical characteristics. METHODS: This prospective observation study included 75 NCWS patients (63 women; median age 36 years) with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)-like symptoms, 65 IBS and 50 celiac controls...
2014: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24169272/non-celiac-wheat-sensitivity-as-an-allergic-condition-personal-experience-and-narrative-review
#8
REVIEW
Antonio Carroccio, Pasquale Mansueto, Alberto D'Alcamo, Giuseppe Iacono
OBJECTIVES: Non-celiac wheat sensitivity (NCWS) is a newly described clinical entity characterized by symptoms, which can involve the gastrointestinal tract, the nervous system, the skin, and other organs. There is little data on the pathogenesis of NCWS and it is probable that different pathogenic mechanisms are involved in the different clinical manifestations of the disease. The only common denominator of NCWS "syndrome" is wheat consumption: the symptoms disappear on exclusion of wheat from the diet, and reappear on wheat consumption...
December 2013: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23916980/preparation-characterization-and-optimization-of-nanocellulose-whiskers-by-simultaneously-ultrasonic-wave-and-microwave-assisted
#9
Zexiang Lu, Liwei Fan, Huaiyu Zheng, Qilin Lu, Yiqiang Liao, Biao Huang
Simultaneously ultrasonic wave and microwave assisted technique (SUMAT), as a method of process intensification, was first applied to the preparation of nanocellulose whiskers (NCWs) from filter paper by sulfuric acid hydrolysis. The effects of temperature, sulfuric acid concentration, and mass of raw material and time on the yield of NCWs were investigated by single-factor experiments, and the preparation conditions were optimized with response surface methodology. The obtained NCWs were characterized by transmission electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction and thermal gravimetry...
October 2013: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/9025399/improving-nursing-practice-with-staff-education-the-challenges-of-dysphagia
#10
MULTICENTER STUDY
D E Hansel, D Heinemann
The 15 million Americans who experience some degree of dysphagia risk choking, airway obstruction, aspiration-related pulmonary disease, and/or death. These complications increase mortality, morbidity, length of hospitalization, and healthcare costs, but may be preventable through nursing intervention. Fifty-four nursing care workers (NCWs) from medical/surgical units in two acute care hospitals were assigned by convenience to two experimental groups and a control group. Experimental groups A and B participated in an educational program on dysphagia designed to increase their knowledge of dysphagia, knowledge attention, and the number of dysphagic patients identified and referred...
November 1996: Gastroenterology Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/3082302/the-relationship-between-resting-energy-expenditure-and-weight-loss-in-benign-and-malignant-disease
#11
COMPARATIVE STUDY
D T Hansell, J W Davies, H J Burns
The relationship between cancer, weight loss, and resting energy expenditure (REE) has been investigated in 136 patients using indirect calorimetry. Ninety-one patients had gastric, colorectal, or nonsmall cell bronchial neoplasm, seven patients had other malignancies, and 38 patients had nonmalignant illness. Four groups were studied: weight stable cancer patients (CWS: N = 56), weight losing cancer patients (CWL: N = 42), weight stable patients with nonmalignant illness (NCWS: N = 22), and weight losing patients with nonmalignant illness (NCWL: N = 16)...
March 1986: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/1795354/prospects-and-problems-of-women-sanitarians-justifying-their-inclusion-in-the-environmental-health-profession-the-nigerian-situation
#12
P O Emeharole
THE HISTORY of the Nigerian political arena, has vindicated the great political impact made by Nigerian women. This Nigerian 'Women Impact Continuum' did not terminate with the achievement of political independence 30 years ago. The inclusion of Nigerian women in what was hitherto men's special profession has already begun to yield tremendous fruitful socio-economic development dividends. Contemporary Nigeria is witnessing the emergence of a spectrum of women achievers who have excelled in their various professions...
October 1991: Journal of the Royal Society of Health
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