keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Gastric reflux

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150392/improvement-in-quality-of-life-after-bariatric-surgery-sleeve-versus-bypass
#1
Dirk P A Versteegden, Magaly J J Van Himbeeck, Simon W Nienhuijs
BACKGROUND: Obesity is steadily growing to be the largest threat to human health in this century, not only increasing prevalence of obesity-related co-morbidity but also impairing health-related quality of life (QoL). Bariatric surgery has shown to improve co-morbidity as well as QoL. OBJECTIVES: To assess the differences in improvement in QoL for the 2 most performed procedures: laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG) and laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB)...
October 16, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142478/chronic-opioids-in-gastroparesis-relationship-with-gastrointestinal-symptoms-healthcare-utilization-and-employment
#2
Asad Jehangir, Henry P Parkman
AIM: To examine the relationship of chronic scheduled opioid use on symptoms, healthcare utilization and employment in gastroparesis (Gp) patients. METHODS: Patients referred to our tertiary care academic center from May 2016 to July 2017, with established diagnosis or symptoms suggestive of Gp filled out the Patient Assessment of Upper GI Symptoms, abdominal pain and demographics questionnaires, and underwent gastric emptying and blood tests. They were asked about taking pain medicines and the types, doses, and duration...
October 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133255/high-prevalence-of-barrett-s-esophagus-and-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-after-repair-of-esophageal-atresia
#3
Floor W T Vergouwe, Hanneke IJsselstijn, Katharina Biermann, Nicole S Erler, René M H Wijnen, Marco J Bruno, Manon C W Spaander
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Esophageal atresia is rare, but improved surgical and intensive care techniques have increased rates of survival in children, so there are now many adults with this disorder. Many patients with esophageal atresia develop gastroesophageal reflux (GER), raising concerns about increased risk of Barrett's esophagus (BE; prevalence of 1.3%-1.6% in general population) and esophageal carcinoma. We assessed the prevalence of BE and esophageal carcinoma in this population. METHODS: We performed a prospective study of 289 patients with esophageal atresia at the Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology at Erasmus MC University Medical Center in The Netherlands, from May 2012 through March 2017...
November 10, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132520/gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#4
REVIEW
Rick Kellerman, Thomas Kintanar
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a gastrointestinal motility disorder that results from the reflux of stomach contents into the esophagus or oral cavity resulting in symptoms or complications. The typical symptoms of GERD are heartburn and regurgitation of gastric contents into the oropharynx. GERD affects quality of life and may cause erosive esophagitis, esophageal strictures, and Barrett esophagus, a precursor to esophageal adenocarcinoma. GERD is a clinical diagnosis and is most effectively treated with proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs)...
December 2017: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128854/pharmacological-management-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-in-infants-current-opinions
#5
REVIEW
Mohamed A El-Mahdy, Fatma A Mansoor, Sudarshan R Jadcherla
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) constitutes a troublesome symptom complex resulting from retrograde passage of gastric contents into the esophagus or extra-esophageal regions. Premature-born, high-risk infants and those with neuro-aero-digestive pathologies are at increased risk. Critical review over the last 3 years was conducted, and current opinions on pharmacological targets include agents aimed at prevention of transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation, modification of the physico-chemical composition of gastric contents, modification of gut motility, or altering sensory thresholds to ameliorate the troublesome symptoms...
November 9, 2017: Current Opinion in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127549/preservation-of-the-celiac-branch-of-the-vagal-nerve-for-pylorus-preserving-gastrectomy-is-it-meaningful
#6
Haruna Furukawa, Manabu Ohashi, Michitaka Honda, Koshi Kumagai, Souya Nunobe, Takeshi Sano, Naoki Hiki
BACKGROUND: Preserving the hepatic and pyloric branches of the vagal nerve in laparoscopic pylorus-preserving gastrectomy (LPPG) is considered necessary to maintain the function of the pyloric cuff. However, the clinical benefits of preservation of the celiac branch of the vagal nerve (CBVN) remain unclear. METHODS: Of 391 patients who underwent LPPG for early gastric cancer, 116 patients in whom the CBVN was preserved (CBP group) and 58 patients in whom it was not preserved (non-CBP group) were selected through the propensity score-matching method...
November 10, 2017: Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118872/demographic-endoscopic-and-histopathologic-features-among-stool-h-pylori-positive-and-stool-h-pylori-negative-patients-with-dyspepsia
#7
Mohamed Hassan Emara, Rasha Ibrahim Salama, Amira Amin Salem
Background: Dyspepsia is a common presentation for many patients in gastroenterology clinics. Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection is endemic in many countries around the world and its relation to dyspepsia has long been questioned. This study aimed at comparing demographic, endoscopic and histologic features among dyspeptic patients with and without stool H. pylori antigen positivity. Methods: One hundred and fifty-one consecutive patients with dyspepsia were divided into group I (n = 80) and group II (n = 71) according to positive or negative H...
October 2017: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103072/upper-gastrointestinal-function-in-morbidly-obese-adolescents-before-and-6%C3%A2-months-after-gastric-banding
#8
M Singendonk, S Kritas, T Omari, C Feinle-Bisset, A J Page, C L Frisby, S J Kentish, L Ferris, L McCall, L Kow, J Chisholm, S Khurana
BACKGROUND: The effects of laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (LAGB) placement on upper gastrointestinal tract function in obese adolescents are unknown. Therefore, our aim was to determine the short-term effects of LAGB on esophageal motility, gastroesophageal reflux, gastric emptying, appetite-regulatory hormones, and perceptions of post-prandial hunger and fullness. METHODS: This study was part of a prospective cohort study (March 2009-December 2015) in one tertiary referral hospital...
November 4, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095422/roles-of-high-resolution-manometry-in-predicting-incomplete-bolus-transit-in-patients-with-dysphagia
#9
Zhaohong Shi, Jie Guo, John Clarke, Haifeng Jin, Xinjun Wang, Nina Zhang, Ellen Stein, Sameer Dhalla, Pankaj J Pasricha, Jiande D Z Chen
BACKGROUND: High-resolution manometry (HRM) is used to assess esophageal motility diseases. Abnormalities in a number of HRM parameters have been reported in patients with dysphagia. However, it is unclear whether some of abnormal HRM parameters are predictive of dysphagia. The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the roles of HRM parameters in predicting incomplete bolus clearance (IBC) in patients with dysphagia using high-resolution impedance manometry. METHODS: A total of 644 wet swallows were reviewed and analyzed in 63 patients with symptoms of dysphagia or reflux who underwent a clinical high-resolution impedance manometry test...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083538/functional-dyspepsia-and-duodenal-eosinophilia-a-new-disease-model
#10
REVIEW
Kening Fan, Nicholas J Talley
Functional dyspepsia (FD) is a highly prevalent disorder that affects more than 10% of the population. In the past decade, the conceptual underpinning of FD has begun to change, and new data are unraveling the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms of this disorder with a focus on the duodenum. The Rome IV criteria were published in 2016, and notably suggests that gastroesophageal reflux disease and irritable bowel syndrome may all be part of the same disease spectrum as FD. Helicobacter pylori explains a minority of FD cases and in Rome IV is considered a separate entity...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078688/endoscopic-mucosal-ablation-and-resection-of-barrett-s-esophagus-and-related-diseases
#11
REVIEW
Juan A Muñoz-Largacha, Virginia R Litle
The prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease as well as the incidence of Barrett's esophagus (BE) has increased in the Western world over the last decades. The chronic reflux of gastric secretions injuries the esophageal mucosa and triggers cellular and molecular changes inducing the transformation of the normal squamous mucosa into columnar metaplastic epithelium. BE is a premalignant condition that can progress to low-grade dysplasia, high-grade dysplasia and ultimately esophageal adenocarcinoma. An early diagnosis of dysplastic changes and the adoption of appropriate therapeutic approaches are essential to improve patient outcomes and survival...
2017: J Vis Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076882/the-gastric-acid-pocket-or-coat-and-its-attenuation-in-helicobacter-pylori-infected-subjects
#12
Kenneth E L McColl
In 2001, it was observed that the cardia region of the lumen of the stomach remained highly acidic after a meal and escaped the buffering effect of the food. This phenomenon was termed the acid pocket and is thought to explain why reflux symptoms occur after meals despite the buffering effect of food. This review describes the discovery of the acid pocket and our progress in understanding the intragastric physiology producing it, its exaggeration in hiatus hernia and role in reflux disease. The recent discovery that the acid pocket is attenuated in the Helicobacter pylori-infected population and the significance of this to the negative association between H...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064799/gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-the-results-of-videolaparoscopic-fundoplication-at-five-years-after-surgery
#13
Andriy R Stasyshyn
INTRODUCTION: GERD reduces social activity and significantly affects the quality of life (QOL) of patients and the risk of complications (cancer of the esophagus, esophageal-gastric bleeding, strictures, perforation) is one of the most pressing problems of medicine of XXI century. The aim of the research is to evaluate the results of videolaparoscopic fundoplication at five years after surgery in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We studied results of videolaparoscopic antireflux surgery (VLAS) during 2009-2016 years in Department of Surgery and Endoscopy Faculty of postgraduate medical education Lviv National Medical University...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059652/gerd-clinical-solutions-of-problems-in-general-practice
#14
Viacheslav Chernobroviy, Serhij Melashchenko, Oleh Ksenchyn
INTRODUCTION: A systematic review of the results of 15 epidemiological studies showed that the prevalence of GERD in the population of Western Europe and North America is 10-20%. The frequency of GERD prevalence in the population is obviously higher than that according to the data of statistics, due to the fact that only a small amount of patients with heartburn apply for medical care, and the fact that not all doctors, especially general practitioners, devote sufficient attention to this problem...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058068/clinical-outcomes-of-gastric-cancer-patients-who-underwent-proximal-or-total-gastrectomy-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis
#15
Yuki Ushimaru, Yoshiyuki Fujiwara, Yuji Shishido, Yoshitomo Yanagimoto, Jeong-Ho Moon, Keijiro Sugimura, Takeshi Omori, Hiroshi Miyata, Masahiko Yano
BACKGROUND: Total gastrectomy (TG) and proximal gastrectomy (PG) are used to treat upper-third early gastric cancer. To date, no consensus has been reached regarding which procedure should be selected. The aim of this study was to validate the usefulness of preserving the stomach in early upper-third gastric cancer. METHODS: Between 2004 and 2013, 201 patients underwent PG or TG at our institution for treatment of upper-third early gastric cancer. According to the defined inclusion and exclusion criteria, 192 cases were enrolled in this study...
October 20, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042857/clinical-implications-of-associations-between-headache-and-gastrointestinal-disorders-a-study-using-the-hallym-smart-clinical-data-warehouse
#16
Sang-Hwa Lee, Jae-June Lee, Youngsuk Kwon, Jong-Ho Kim, Jong-Hee Sohn
BACKGROUND: The brain and gastrointestinal (GI) tract are strongly connected via neural, endocrine, and immune pathways. Previous studies suggest that headaches, especially migraines, may be associated with various GI disorders. However, upper GI endoscopy in migraineurs has shown a low prevalence of abnormal findings. Also, the majority of studies have not demonstrated an association between Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection and migraine, although a pathogenic role for HP infection in migraines has been suggested...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040685/a-pooled-analysis-of-dietary-sugar-carbohydrate-intake-and-esophageal-and-gastric-cardia-adenocarcinoma-incidence-and-survival-in-the-usa
#17
Nan Li, Jessica L Petrick, Susan E Steck, Patrick T Bradshaw, Kathleen M McClain, Nicole M Niehoff, Lawrence S Engel, Nicholas J Shaheen, Harvey A Risch, Thomas L Vaughan, Anna H Wu, Marilie D Gammon
Background: During the past 40 years, esophageal/gastric cardia adenocarcinoma (EA/GCA) incidence increased in Westernized countries, but survival remained low. A parallel increase in sugar intake, which may facilitate carcinogenesis by promoting hyperglycaemia, led us to examine sugar/carbohydrate intake in association with EA/GCA incidence and survival. Methods: We pooled 500 EA cases, 529 GCA cases and 2027 controls from two US population-based case-control studies with cases followed for vital status...
September 23, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038782/jejuno-jejunal-intussusception-in-a-guinea-pig-cavia-porcellus
#18
Tara J Fetzer, Christoph Mans
An approximately four-year-old male castrated guinea pig (Cavia porcellus) was presented for painful defecation with a 24-hour history of hyporexia and intermittent episodes of rolling behavior. Upon presentation the patient was quiet, alert, and responsive, and mildly hypothermic. Abdominal palpation revealed an approximately 2-cm long oblong mass within the caudal abdomen. Abdominal radiographs revealed gastric dilation without volvulus and a peritoneal mass effect. The patient was euthanized following gastric reflux of brown malodorous fluid from his nares and oral cavity...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037470/pathophysiology-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#19
Jan Tack, John E Pandolfino
The pathogenesis of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is complex and involves changes in reflux exposure, epithelial resistance, and visceral sensitivity. The gastric refluxate is a noxious material that injures the esophagus and elicits symptoms. Esophageal exposure to gastric refluxate is the primary determinant of disease severity. This exposure arises via compromise of the anti-reflux barrier and reduced ability of the esophagus to clear and buffer the refluxate, leading to reflux disease. However, complications and symptoms also occur in the context of normal reflux burden, when there is either poor epithelial resistance or increased visceral sensitivity...
October 13, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036607/endoscopic-and-histopathologic-reflux-associated-mucosal-damage-in-the-remnant-esophagus-following-transthoracic-esophagectomy-for-cancer-5-year-long-term-follow-up
#20
H F Fuchs, H M Schmidt, M Meissner, S Brinkmann, M Maus, M Bludau, W Schröder, A H Hölscher, J M Leers
Gastroesophageal reflux is a common problem following esophagectomy and reconstruction with gastric interposition. Despite a routine prescription of proton pump inhibitors, reflux-associated mucosal damage in the remnant esophagus is frequently observed. Purpose of this study is to evaluate mucosal damage in the esophageal remnant during long-term follow-up and to compare the prevalence of this damage between the subgroups of esophageal squamous cell and adenocarcinoma. All patients undergoing transthoracic Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy were prospectively entered in our IRB approved database...
September 21, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
keyword
keyword
84059
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"