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"rib fractures", "paravertebral block", "chest trauma"

Jesse Peek, Diederik P J Smeeing, Falco Hietbrink, Roderick M Houwert, Marije Marsman, Mirjam B de Jong
PURPOSE: Many studies report on outcomes of analgesic therapy for (suspected) traumatic rib fractures. However, the literature is inconclusive and diverse regarding the management of pain and its effect on pain relief and associated complications. This systematic review and meta-analysis summarizes and compares reduction of pain for the different treatment modalities and as secondary outcome mortality during hospitalization, length of mechanical ventilation, length of hospital stay, length of intensive care unit stay (ICU) and complications such as respiratory, cardiovascular, and/or analgesia-related complications, for four different types of analgesic therapy: epidural analgesia, intravenous analgesia, paravertebral blocks and intercostal blocks...
February 6, 2018: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
P Michelet, S Boussen
Among trauma patients, blunt chest trauma remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality. We report the case of an 85-year old patient under new oral anticoagulant implicated in a multiple-vehicle accident. The patient presented a complex thoracic trauma involving multiple rib fractures, flail chest, hemothorax and lung contusions. All the thoracic lesions were situated at the left side. Despite the absence of neurological lesion and hemodynamic instability, the patient required the admission in our intensive care unit related to the worsening of a respiratory distress...
July 2013: Annales Françaises D'anesthèsie et de Rèanimation
Stephen D Lucas, Travis Higdon, André P Boezaart
OBJECTIVE: Severe pain can lead to ventilatory compromise in patients with multiple rib fractures. Regional anesthetic techniques, including continuous thoracic paravertebral and thoracic epidural blocks, can be useful in reducing this pain and subsequent morbidity due to respiratory compromise. Thoracic paravertebral block can result in significant complications. Presumed epidural spread of injected medication has been described with thoracic paravertebral block. High-quality radiographic images of an attempted placement of a thoracic paravertebral catheter in the epidural space have not been reported...
August 2011: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Manoj K Karmakar, Anthony M-H Ho
BACKGROUND: Multiple rib fracture causes severe pain that can seriously compromise respiratory mechanics and exacerbate underlying lung injury and pre-existing respiratory disease, predisposing to respiratory failure. The cornerstone of management is early institution of effective pain relief, the subject of this review. METHODS: A MEDLINE search was conducted for the years 1966 through and up to December 2002 for human studies written in English using the keywords "rib fractures", "analgesia", "blunt chest trauma", "thoracic injury", and "nerve block"...
March 2003: Journal of Trauma
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