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osteoarthritis and spinal manipulation

Miles O Fortner, Paul A Oakley, Deed E Harrison
[Purpose] To present a case of the non-surgical improvement in cervical kyphosis in a patient with history of cervical spine trauma and advanced osteoarthritis. [Subject and Methods] A 38 year old male presented with a chief complaint of chronic neck pain that was not substantially relieved by recent previous traditional physiotherapy and chiropractic manipulation. The cervical radiograph demonstrated a cervical hypolordosis of 5° as measured by the Harrison posterior tangent method from C2-C7. There was a 15° kyphosis at C4-C6 with advanced degenerative changes consistent with previous spine trauma...
January 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Dorit Gamus
This article assesses the evidence for effectiveness, adverse effects and cost-effectiveness of complementary therapies, as reflected in publications in high impact factor medical journals during the years 2012-2014. The search detected 13 randomized controlled studies (RCTs) and 14 meta-analyses, which collectively assessed results of 191 RCTs involving the participation of several thousand patients. Pain was the major focus of acupuncture research in both clinical and fMRI studies, which demonstrated that the effect of acupuncture is beyond the placebo effect...
January 2015: Harefuah
Richard G Strunk, Mark Hanses
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this case report is to describe the response to chiropractic care of a geriatric patient with left hip pain, a history of repetitive falls, poor balance, myofascial dysfunction, and hip osteoarthritis. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 70-year-old, white, female patient presented for chiropractic care with a chief complaint of left hip pain of 1 year's duration and a history of 2 falls within the past 5 years. The patient's initial Lower Extremity Functional Index score was 42%...
March 2011: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
Laura M Distel, Thomas M Best
Prolotherapy is a technique that involves the injection of an irritant, usually a hyperosmolar dextrose solution, typically in the treatment of chronic painful musculoskeletal conditions. Despite its long history and widespread use as a form of complementary therapy, there still are disparities over its optimal indications and injection preparations. There are, however, numerous studies available regarding the use and efficacy of prolotherapy for various musculoskeletal conditions. The most frequently published indication is in the treatment of chronic low back pain, but there are recent studies that examined its use in the management of refractory tendinopathies as well as osteoarthritis...
June 2011: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
James W Brantingham, Tammy Kay Cassa, Debra Bonnefin, Muffit Jensen, Gary Globe, Marian Hicks, Charmaine Korporaal
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review on manual and manipulative therapy (MMT) for common shoulder pain and disorders. METHODS: A search of the literature was conducted using the Cumulative Index of Nursing Allied Health Literature; PubMed; Manual, Alternative, and Natural Therapy Index System; Physiotherapy Evidence Database; and Index to Chiropractic Literature dating from January 1983 to July 7, 2010. Search limits included the English language and human studies along with MeSH terms such as manipulation, chiropractic, osteopathic, orthopedic, musculoskeletal, physical therapies, shoulder, etc...
June 2011: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Hong Yu, Shuxun Hou, Wenwen Wu, Xiaohua He
OBJECTIVE: This study presents the outcomes of patients with idiopathic degenerative and posttraumatic atlantoaxial osteoarthritis who were treated with upper cervical manipulation in combination with mobilization device therapy. CLINICAL FEATURES: A retrospective case review of 10 patients who were diagnosed with either degenerative or posttraumatic atlantoaxial arthritis based on histories, clinical symptoms, physical examination, and radiographic presentations was conducted at a multidisciplinary integrated clinic that used both chiropractic and orthopedic services...
February 2011: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Gert Bronfort, Mitch Haas, Roni Evans, Brent Leininger, Jay Triano
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this report is to provide a succinct but comprehensive summary of the scientific evidence regarding the effectiveness of manual treatment for the management of a variety of musculoskeletal and non-musculoskeletal conditions. METHODS: The conclusions are based on the results of systematic reviews of randomized clinical trials (RCTs), widely accepted and primarily UK and United States evidence-based clinical guidelines, plus the results of all RCTs not yet included in the first three categories...
February 25, 2010: Chiropractic & Osteopathy
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2009: DukeMedicine Healthnews
James W Brantingham, Gary Globe, Henry Pollard, Marian Hicks, Charmaine Korporaal, Wayne Hoskins
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review on manipulative therapy for lower extremity conditions and expand on a previously published literature review. METHODS: The Scientific Commission of the Council on Chiropractic Guidelines and Practice Parameters (CCGPP) was charged with developing literature syntheses, organized by anatomical region, to evaluate and report on the evidence base for chiropractic care. This article is the outcome of this charge...
January 2009: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Cameron W MacDonald, Julie M Whitman, Joshua A Cleland, Marcia Smith, Hugo L Hoeksma
STUDY DESIGN: Case series describing the outcomes of individual patients with hip osteoarthritis treated with manual physical therapy and exercise. CASE DESCRIPTION: Seven patients referred to physical therapy with hip osteoarthritis and/or hip pain were included in this case series. All patients were treated with manual physical therapy followed by exercises to maximize strength and range of motion. Six of 7 patients completed a Harris Hip Score at initial examination and discharge from physical therapy, and 1 patient completed a Global Rating of Change Scale at discharge...
August 2006: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Kathleen L Beyerman, Mark B Palmerino, Lee E Zohn, Gary M Kane, Kathy A Foster
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of chiropractic spinal manipulation, manual flexion/distraction, and hot pack application for the treatment of low back pain from osteoarthritis (OA) compared with moist heat alone. METHODS: Two hundred fifty-two patients with low back pain secondary to OA were randomly assigned to either the treatment group (moist hot pack plus chiropractic care) or the moist heat group subjects, which attended 20 treatment sessions over several weeks...
February 2006: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Debra K Weiner, Edzard Ernst
OBJECTIVE: To review common complementary and alternative treatment modalities for the treatment of persistent musculoskeletal pain in older adults. METHODS: A critical review of the literature on acupuncture and related modalities, herbal therapies, homeopathy, and spinal manipulation was carried out. Review included 678 cases within 21 randomized trials and 2 systematic reviews of herbal therapies: 798 cases within 2 systematic reviews of homeopathy; 1,059 cases within 1 systematic review of spinal manipulation for low back pain, and 419 cases within 4 randomized controlled trials for neck pain...
July 2004: Clinical Journal of Pain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1963: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1963: Journal of the College of General Practitioners
E Ernst
Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has become an important subject for rheumatologists. This article is an attempt to provide an introduction to this subject. It will provide definitions of, and define the prevalence of, CAM. The emphasis of the article is on evaluating the efficacy of CAM treatment modalities. This is achieved by referring to systematic reviews of clinical trials of acupuncture for low back pain, osteo-arthritis, fibromyalgia, inflammatory rheumatoid disease and neck pain. Further areas addressed in this way are herbal remedies, fish oil and glucosamine...
December 2000: Baillière's Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
G N Kawchuk, O R Fauvel, J Dmowski
OBJECTIVE: To validate an ultrasound-based technique which quantifies uni-planar subcutaneous displacement of an osseous object resulting from an externally applied load. BACKGROUND: Many spinal conditions are thought to be characterized by aberrant vertebral displacements yet the invasive nature of many investigative techniques has left the clinical significance of this relation incompletely understood. METHOD: Six bovine bone/paravertebral tissue preparations were indented by one of two ultrasonic transducers (5 and 7 MHz) fitted to an electromechanical actuator...
May 2000: Clinical Biomechanics
C P Tait, E Grigg, C J Quirk
Brachioradial pruritus (BRP) causes significant morbidity in the majority of patients for whom no effective treatment is found. Chronic ultraviolet radiation exposure has usually been cited as the cause, but nerve damage from cervical spine disease has also been implicated. We report on a small retrospective exploratory study, conducted by questionnaire, of a group of patients who were treated with a specific cervical spine manipulation. Ten of 14 patients reported resolution of symptoms following manipulative treatment...
August 1998: Australasian Journal of Dermatology
M S Gottlieb
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the rationale behind the most commonly used treatments of osteoarthritis, including nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and to assess more effective conservative treatment options. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: This review includes a description of the pathophysiology and prevalence of osteoarthritis, joint physiology and NSAID treatment of osteoarthritis, as well as side effects on joints, the gastrointestinal tract, kidneys and livers...
July 1997: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
H Flor, D C Turk
This is the first part of an extended review of the etiology and treatment of chronic back pain (CBP). This paper will address the pathophysiology of CBP, the somatic conceptualizations that have been developed, and the treatment modalities that have been employed to alleviate the symptoms. The adequacy of the different models and treatments will be critically examined. The second paper in this set will examine psychological models and interventions. Common problems to both somatic and psychological approaches will be discussed at the close of the second paper...
June 1984: Pain
H Serre, L Simon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1968: Revue du Rhumatisme et des Maladies Ostéo-articulaires
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