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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731043/gastroblastoma-harbors-a-recurrent-somatic-malat1-gli1-fusion-gene
#1
Rondell P Graham, Asha A Nair, Jaime I Davila, Long Jin, Jin Jen, William R Sukov, Tsung-Teh Wu, Henry D Appelman, Jorge Torres-Mora, Kyle D Perry, Lizhi Zhang, Sara M Kloft-Nelson, Ryan A Knudson, Patricia T Greipp, Andrew L Folpe
Gastroblastoma is a rare distinctive biphasic tumor of the stomach. The molecular biology of gastroblastoma has not been studied, and no affirmative diagnostic markers have been developed. We retrieved two gastroblastomas from the consultation practices of the authors and performed transcriptome sequencing on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue. Recurrent predicted fusion genes were validated at genomic and RNA levels. The presence of the fusion gene was confirmed on two additional paraffin-embedded cases of gastroblastoma...
July 21, 2017: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722813/knockdown-of-long-non-coding-rna-malat1-inhibits-growth-and-motility-of-human-hepatoma-cells-via-modulation-of-mir-195
#2
Dingli Liu, Yun Zhu, Jinke Pang, Xie Weng, Xiaorong Feng, Yabing Guo
The metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcription 1 (Malat1) is a long non-coding RNA (lncRNA), exerts oncogenic role in multiple cancers, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This study was aimed to investigate its posttranscriptional regulation in HCC cells. RT-PCR was performed to monitor the expression levels of Malat1 in normal liver and HCC cell lines. The expression of Malat1, microRNA (miR)-195 and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in HepG2 and MHCC97 cells was respectively or synchronously altered by transfection...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720061/the-long-non-coding-rna-malat1-promotes-the-migration-and-invasion-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-by-sponging-mir-204-and-releasing-sirt1
#3
Zhouhua Hou, Xuwen Xu, Ledu Zhou, Xiaoyu Fu, Shuhui Tao, Jiebin Zhou, Deming Tan, Shuiping Liu
Increasing evidence supports the significance of long non-coding RNA in cancer development. Several recent studies suggest the oncogenic activity of long non-coding RNA metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1) in hepatocellular carcinoma. In this study, we explored the molecular mechanisms by which MALAT1 modulates hepatocellular carcinoma biological behaviors. We found that microRNA-204 was significantly downregulated in sh-MALAT1 HepG2 cell and 15 hepatocellular carcinoma tissues by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis...
July 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719640/short-lived-long-non-coding-rnas-as-surrogate-indicators-for-chemical-exposure-and-linc00152-and-malat1-modulate-their-neighboring-genes
#4
Hidenori Tani, Sayaka Okuda, Kaoru Nakamura, Motohide Aoki, Tomonari Umemura
Whole transcriptome analyses have revealed a large number of novel long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs). Although accumulating evidence demonstrates that lncRNAs play important roles in regulating gene expression, the detailed mechanisms of action of most lncRNAs remain unclear. We previously reported that a novel class of lncRNAs with a short half-life (t1/2 < 4 h) in HeLa cells, termed short-lived non-coding transcripts (SLiTs), are closely associated with physiological and pathological functions. In this study, we focused on 26 SLiTs and nuclear-enriched abundant lncRNA, MALAT1(t1/2 of 7...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701723/the-lncrna-malat1-acts-as-a-competing-endogenous-rna-to-regulate-kras-expression-by-sponging-mir-217-in-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma
#5
Pingping Liu, Haiyan Yang, Jing Zhang, Xiaozhong Peng, Zhaohui Lu, Weimin Tong, Jie Chen
The long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript-1 (MALAT1) has been shown to play an important role in tumourigenesis. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of MALAT1 in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. MALAT1 is expressed at higher levels in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) tissues than in nontumour tissues and in metastatic PDAC than in localized tumours. Patients with PDAC and high MALAT1 expression levels have shorter overall survival than patients with PDAC and low MALAT1 expression levels...
July 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675122/mir-204-zeb2-axis-functions-as-key-mediator-for-malat1-induced-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-breast-cancer
#6
Yuzhou Wang, Yijin Zhou, Zhicheng Yang, Baoying Chen, Wennan Huang, Yongyuan Liu, Ying Zhang
Long non-coding RNAs recently were identified as key mediators of cancer metastasis. This study provided evidence that long non-coding RNA MALAT1 was up-regulated in breast cancer tissues and cell lines. MALAT1 promoted cancer cell invasion through inducing epithelial-mesenchymal transition. Interestingly, we revealed there was a reciprocal repression between MALAT1 and miR-204. ZEB2 was identified as a downstream target of miR-204 and MALAT1 exerted its function mainly through the miR-204/ZEB2 axis. Our findings suggested that MALAT1 may serve as a new diagnostic biomarker and therapy target for breast cancer...
July 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668966/long-non-coding-rna-malat1-decreases-the-sensitivity-of-resistant-glioblastoma-cell-lines-to-temozolomide
#7
Hongwei Li, Xiaoli Yuan, Dongming Yan, Dongpeng Li, Fangxia Guan, Yang Dong, Hao Wang, Xianzhi Liu, Bo Yang
BACKGROUND/AIM: Multidrug resistance (MDR) is largely responsible for the failure of chemotherapy. The long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript (MALAT1) has been reported to be closely related to tumor biology. In the present study, whether MALAT1 contributes to the resistance of glioblastoma cell lines to temozolomide (TMZ) was investigated. METHODS: The glioblastoma cell lines U251 and U87 were exposed to increasing concentrations of TMZ to generate TMZ-resistant colonies (the U251/TMZ and U87/TMZ cell lines)...
July 3, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664617/down-regulation-of-long-noncoding-rna-malat1-by-rna-interference-inhibits-proliferation-and-induces-apoptosis-in-multiple-myeloma
#8
Hui Liu, Huihan Wang, Bin Wu, Kun Yao, Aijun Liao, Miao Miao, Yang Li, Wei Yang
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a neoplastic plasma-cell disorder characterized by abnormal proliferation of monoclonal plasma cells in the bone marrow. Metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1), an evolutionarily highly conserved long non-coding RNA was originally identified in metastatic non-small cell lung cancer and has been reported to be up-regulated in many other cancers. However, the function of MALAT1 in MM remains unknown. In the present study, by transfecting MM cells with MALAT1-specific short hairpin RNA (shRNA) expression plasmids, the role of MALAT1 in the proliferation and apoptosis of MM cells was investigated in vitro, and the tumorigenicity of MALAT1-silenced cells was evaluated in vivo...
June 30, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660408/phosphorylated-mechanistic-target-of-rapamycin-p-mtor-and-noncoding-rna-expression-in-follicular-and-h%C3%A3-rthle-cell-thyroid-neoplasm
#9
Adam Covach, Sanjay Patel, Heather Hardin, Ricardo V Lloyd
Oncocytic (Hürthle cell) and follicular neoplasms are related thyroid tumors with distinct molecular profiles. Diagnostic criteria separating adenomas and carcinomas for these two types of neoplasms are similar, but there may be some differences in the biological behavior of Hürthle cell and follicular carcinomas. Recent studies have shown that noncoding RNAs may have diagnostic and prognostic utility in separating benign and malignant Hürthle cell and follicular neoplasms. In this study, we examined expression of various noncoding RNAs including metastasis associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1) and miR-RNA-885-5p (miR-885) in distinguishing between benign and malignant neoplasms...
June 28, 2017: Endocrine Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654907/knockdown-of-malat1-expression-inhibits-huvec-proliferation-by-upregulation-of-mir-320a-and-downregulation-of-foxm1-expression
#10
Jian-Yong Sun, Zheng-Wei Zhao, Wei-Miao Li, Guang Yang, Peng-Yu Jing, Pei Li, Hai-Zhou Dang, Zhao Chen, Yong-An Zhou, Xiao-Fei Li
Regulation of cancer angiogenesis could be a useful strategy in cancer therapy. Metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1) is a long non-coding RNA (lncRNA), and can induce cancer cell proliferation, while lncRNAs, generally are able to act as microRNA (miRNA) sponges. The latter is a type of competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA) that regulates expression of the targeting miRNAs and protein-coding genes. This study investigated the proliferative role of MALAT1 in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and the underlying molecular events...
June 16, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652379/the-mutant-p53-id4-complex-controls-vegfa-isoforms-by-recruiting-lncrna-malat1
#11
Magdalena Pruszko, Elisa Milano, Mattia Forcato, Sara Donzelli, Federica Ganci, Silvia Di Agostino, Simone De Panfilis, Francesco Fazi, David O Bates, Silvio Bicciato, Maciej Zylicz, Alicja Zylicz, Giovanni Blandino, Giulia Fontemaggi
The abundant, nuclear-retained, metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1) has been associated with a poorly differentiated and aggressive phenotype of mammary carcinomas. This long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) localizes to nuclear speckles, where it interacts with a subset of splicing factors and modulates their activity. In this study, we demonstrate that oncogenic splicing factor SRSF1 bridges MALAT1 to mutant p53 and ID4 proteins in breast cancer cells. Mutant p53 and ID4 delocalize MALAT1 from nuclear speckles and favor its association with chromatin...
June 26, 2017: EMBO Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648755/high-expression-of-long-noncoding-rna-malat1-indicates-a-poor-prognosis-and-promotes-clinical-progression-and-metastasis-in%C3%A2-bladder-cancer
#12
Chao Li, Yu Cui, Long-Fei Liu, Wen-Biao Ren, Qia-Qia Li, Xu Zhou, Yang-Le Li, Yang Li, Xiang-Yang Bai, Xiong-Bing Zu
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have demonstrated that the expression of long noncoding RNA metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1) promotes cancer cell proliferation, invasion, and metastasis in many tumor types, but the association between bladder cancer and MALAT1 remains unknown. MATERIALS: The expression of MALAT1 was tested by in situ hybridization (ISH) in 120 bladder cancer specimens. The association between MALAT1 expression and clinicopathological features and prognosis of the patients with bladder cancer was analyzed...
May 10, 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635228/-mechanism-of-long-non-coding-rna-metastasis-associated-lung-adenocarcinoma-transcript-1-induced-invasion-and-metastasis-of-esophageal-cancer-cell-ec-109
#13
Q Q Zhang, Y H Cui, Y Wang, W Z Kou, F Cao, X J Cao, Z H Miao, X H Kang
Objective: To investigate the effect and mechanism of long non-coding RNA-metastasis associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1, (LncRNA-MALAT1) on invasion and metastasis of esophageal cancer cell EC-109. Methods: EC-109 cells were transfected with lentiviral vector carrying short hairpin RNA of MALAT1( shRNA-MALAT1) or a nonspecific shRNA control (shRNA-control). The expressions of MALAT1, microRNA-200a, ZEB1 and ZEB2 were detected by qRT-PCR. The effect of shRNA-MALAT1 on invasion of EC-109 cells was determined by transwell assay...
June 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623317/prediction-of-lncrna-protein-interactions-using-hetesim-scores-based-on-heterogeneous-networks
#14
Yun Xiao, Jingpu Zhang, Lei Deng
Massive studies have indicated that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are critical for the regulation of cellular biological processes by binding with RNA-related proteins. However, only a few experimentally supported lncRNA-protein associations have been reported. Existing network-based methods are typically focused on intrinsic features of lncRNA and protein but ignore the information implicit in the topologies of biological networks associated with lncRNAs. Considering the limitations in previous methods, we propose PLPIHS, an effective computational method for Predicting lncRNA-Protein Interactions using HeteSim Scores...
June 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615056/oct4-transcriptionally-regulates-the-expression-of-long-non-coding-rnas-neat1-and-malat1-to-promote-lung-cancer-progression
#15
Jayu Jen, Yen-An Tang, Ying-Hung Lu, Che-Chung Lin, Wu-Wei Lai, Yi-Ching Wang
BACKGROUND: Oct4, a key stemness transcription factor, is overexpressed in lung cancer. Here, we reveal a novel transcription regulation of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) by Oct4. LncRNAs have emerged as important players in cancer progression. METHODS: Oct4 chromatin-immunoprecipitation (ChIP)-sequencing and several lncRNA databases with literature annotation were integrated to identify Oct4-regulated lncRNAs. Luciferase activity, qRT-PCR and ChIP-PCR assays were conducted to examine transcription regulation of lncRNAs by Oct4...
June 14, 2017: Molecular Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592124/long-non-coding-rna-malat1-promotes-cholangiocarcinoma-cell-proliferation-and-invasion-by-activating-pi3k-akt-pathway
#16
C Wang, Z P Mao, L Wang, G H Wu, F H Zhang, D Y Wang, J L Shi
Increasing evidence indicated that metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1) acted as a key regulator in the proliferation and invasion of several cancers. However, the function of MALAT1 in the development of cholangiocarcinoma has not been experimentally established. In the present study, the expression levels of MALAT1 in cholangiocarcinoma cell lines were detected by quantitative real-time PCR. The effects of MALAT1 knockdown on the cell proliferation and invasion of cholangiocarcinoma cells were detected with Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8), colony formation assay and Trans-well assay, respectively...
June 8, 2017: Neoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590075/malat1-mir-127-5p-regulates-osteopontin-opn-mediated-proliferation-of-human-chondrocytes-through-pi3k-akt-pathway
#17
Jun Liang, Li Xu, Feng Zhou, An-Min Liu, Hong-Xing Ge, Yuan-Yuan Chen, Min Tu
Osteoarthritis (OA) is characterized by progressive destruction of articular cartilage, resulting in significant disability. Chondrocytes present in various types of cartilage and are responsible for the growth and maintenance of the tissue. Over-proliferation of human chondrocytes may contributes to OA pathological process. Previously, we revealed that miR-127-5p could inhibit the proliferation of human chondrocytes through osteopontin (OPN). In the present study, we used online tools to figure out several candidates lncRNAs which were potentially correlated with miR-127-5p...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587379/long-non-coding-rna-malat1-is-upregulated-and-involved-in-cell-proliferation-migration-and-apoptosis-in-ovarian-cancer
#18
Liqin Wu, Xiaoyu Wang, Yuna Guo
Ovarian cancer (OC) is the leading cause of mortality among gynecological malignancies. Although microRNAs are known to have a key regulatory role in OC, the involvement of long non-coding RNAs in the disease is less established. Previous studies have demonstrated that metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1) is a tumor oncogene in many cancers, though its role in OC remains unclear. The present study reported that MALAT1 expression was markedly upregulated in OC, by knockdown of MALAT1 expression in vivo, using RNA interference (RNAi) with small-interfering RNA (siRNA)...
June 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585559/prostate-cancer-escaping-enzalutamide-malat1-contributes-to-resistance
#19
Louise Stone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 6, 2017: Nature Reviews. Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560950/malat1-promotes-the-proliferation-and-metastasis-of-osteosarcoma-cells-by-activating-the-rac1-jnk-pathway-via-targeting-mir-509
#20
Yong Zhang, Qingfeng Dai, Fanying Zeng, Haichun Liu
Metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1) is a long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) that contributes to the initiation and development of many solid tumors, including osteosarcoma (OS). In this study, we showed that MALAT1 was increased in human OS tissues and cell lines. MALAT1 knockdown suppressed OS cell growth and metastasis, induced OS cell apoptosis and delayed tumor growth in an OS xenograft model. We also detected downregulation of microRNA-509 (miR-509), a suppressor of OS growth, in OS tissues and cell lines...
May 26, 2017: Oncology Research
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