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hypokalemia alcohol

Suzanne Oparil
Heart disease, stroke, and kidney failure are leading causes of death worldwide, and hypertension is a significant risk factor for each. Hypertension is less common in women, compared to men, in those younger than 45 years of age. This trend is reversed in those 65 years and older. In the US between 2011-2014, the prevalence of hypertension in women and men by age group was 6% vs 8% (18-39 years), 30% vs 35% (40-59 years), and 67% vs 63% (60 years and over). Awareness, treatment, and control rates differ between genders with women being more aware of their diagnosis (85% vs 80%), more likely to take their medications (81% vs 71%) and more frequently having controlled hypertension (55% vs 49%)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Nanfang Li, Xiaoguang Yao, Ling Zhou, Suofeiya Abulikem, Delian Zhang, Guijuan Chang, Keming Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To investigated the prevalence of primary aldosteronism (PA) and compare the pattern of PA patients with essential hypertension regarding clinical data in general hypertensive patients in Xinjiang of China. DESIGN AND METHOD: Consecutive hypertensive patients referred to Hypertension Center of Xinjiang from 2009 to 2011 underwent a diagnostic protocol composed of measurement of Na and K in serum and 24-h urine, sitting plasma renin activity, and aldosterone at baseline and after saline loading test...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Keiko Kai, Naoto Tominaga, Daisuke Uchida, Nanae Fukai, Yumie Matsuura, Susumu Uda, Akio Yokochi
We report a case of severe hypokalemia and volume depletion complicated by chronic watery diarrhea resulting from chronic alcoholism in a 57-year-old man. Prompt replacement of normal saline with potassium chloride and cessation of alcohol intake resulted in a favorable outcome. We discuss the pathophysiology of the case, emphasizing the response of aldosterone in both hypokalemia and volume depletion, and provide a review of recent research.
2016: Case Reports in Nephrology
Alexander J Scott, Adrian J Dunlop, Amanda Brown, Craig Sadler, Geoffrey K Isbister
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Drug induced QT prolongation occurs in patients with substance use disorders from prescription medications that prolong the QT, such as methadone. Knowing the prevalence of QT prolongation in this population is important for prescribers. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of QT prolongation in patients with current substance use disorders. DESIGN AND METHODS: We undertook a retrospective review of electrocardiograms (ECG) from patients with substance use disorders from an urban general hospital with a large drug and alcohol service and toxicology unit...
May 30, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
Ahmed Karim Talib, Nobuyuki Sato, Takuya Myojo, Eitaro Sugiyama, Naoki Nakagawa, Naka Sakamoto, Yasuko Tanabe, Takayuki Fujino, Toshiharu Takeuchi, Kazumi Akasaka, Hironobu Matsuhashi, Yasuaki Saijo, Yuichiro Kawamura, Atsushi Doi, Naoyuki Hasebe
The pro-arrhythmic triggers in Brugada and early repolarization syndromes (BrS, ERS) have not been analyzed systematically except for case reports. We clinically investigated the circumstances which precede/predispose to arrhythmic events in these syndromes during long-term follow-up. A detailed history from the patients/witnesses was taken to investigate the antecedent events in the last few hours that preceded syncope/ventricular fibrillation (VF); medical records, ECG and blood test from the emergency room (ER) were reviewed...
March 11, 2016: Heart and Vessels
Izabela Nawrocka, Maria H Kowalczys, Piotr Abramczyk
A 30-year-old man was admitted to the intensive care unit after a suicide attempt with respiratory difficulties, tremor, sinus tachycardia and significant hypokalemia. On examination, the patient was lucid, fully conscious and did not exhibit positive symptoms. Sings were not typical for overdosing olanzapine, alprazolam and alcohol as declared by the patient. Additional anamnesis revealed high doses of ingested clenbuterol, a selective β2-adrenergic agonist. Due to its anabolic and lipolytic properties, clenbuterol has become a commonly abused drug in bodybuilding industry and is not routinely detected by toxicology screens...
December 2015: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Sander Johan Aarli, Tarek Ramzi Elia Mazzawi, Geir Olve Skeie
BACKGROUND: Hypokalemic pareses are caused by low extracellular potassium levels which reduce the resting membrane potential of muscle cells and make them less excitable. It may be caused by an intracellular shift of potassium, renal potassium loss, reduced potassium intake or increased gastrointestinal loss. CASE PRESENTATION: A woman in her 60s presented with rapid-onset tetraparesis and hyporeflexia starting the day before admission. The patient history revealed several months of low food intake, increased alcohol consumption and diarrhoea...
October 6, 2015: Tidsskrift for Den Norske Lægeforening: Tidsskrift for Praktisk Medicin, Ny Række
Ming-Hsien Tsai, Shih-Hua Lin, Jyh-Gang Leu, Yu-Wei Fang
Thyrotoxic periodic paralysis (TPP) is characterized by the presence of muscle paralysis, hypokalemia, and hyperthyroidism. We report the case of a young man with paralysis of the lower extremities, severe hypokalemia, and concurrent hyperthyroidism. TPP was suspected; therefore, treatment consisting of judicious potassium (K+) repletion and β-blocker administration was initiated. However, urinary K+ excretion rate, as well as refractoriness to treatment, was inconsistent with TPP. Chronic alcoholism was considered as an alternative cause of hypokalemia, and serum K+ was restored through vigorous K repletion and the addition of K+ -sparing diuretics...
September 2015: Medicine (Baltimore)
Subrata Chakrabarti
Thyrotoxic periodic paralysis (TPP) is a rare, but serious condition characterized by acute paralytic attacks and hypokalemia in association with thyrotoxicosis. Although carbohydrate rich meals, strenuous exercise, alcohol, emotional stress are known precipitants of TPP, steroid treatment has rarely been reported to induce TPP. We report a case in which a patient with previously untreated Grave's disease developed TPP following administration of Intravenous hydrocortisone for control of severe anaphylaxis, which to best of our knowledge is very rare...
January 2015: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
Chih-Chien Sung, Chih-Jen Cheng, Wen-Fang Chiang, Tom Chau, Yu-Juei Hsu, Sung-Sen Yang, Shih-Hua Lin
BACKGROUND: Hypokalemic nonperiodic paralysis represents a group of heterogeneous disorders with a large potassium (K(+)) deficit. Rapid diagnosis of curable causes with appropriate treatment is challenging to avoid the sequelae of hypokalemia. We prospectively analyzed the etiologies and therapeutic characteristics of hypokalemic nonperiodic paralysis. METHODS: Over an 8-year period, patients with hypokalemic nonperiodic paralysis were enrolled by excluding those with hypokalemic periodic paralysis due to acute shift of K(+) into cells...
March 2015: American Journal of Medicine
Yeong-Hau H Lien
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2015: American Journal of Medicine
Leonella Luzardo, Ricardo Silvariño, José Boggia, Oscar Noboa, Liliana Gadola
Rhabdomyolysis results from acute necrosis of skeletal muscle fibers and consequent leakage of muscle constituents into the circulation. It ranges from an asymptomatic state to a severe condition associated with extreme elevations in creatine kinase and acute renal failure. Reported etiologies of rhabdomyolysis include alcohol abuse, drugs, muscle trauma and muscle overexertion. Less common causes include muscle enzyme deficiencies, electrolyte abnormalities, infectious causes, toxins and endocrine disorders...
May 2014: Revista Médica de Chile
Carrie M Goodson, Brendan J Clark, Ivor S Douglas
BACKGROUND: Severity of alcohol withdrawal syndrome (AWS) is associated with hospital mortality and length of stay. However, as there is no consensus regarding how to predict the development of severe alcohol withdrawal syndrome (SAWS), we sought to determine independent predictors of SAWS. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies evaluating hospitalized patients with AWS versus SAWS-delirium tremens (DT) and/or seizures. Random-effects meta-analysis [PRISMA guidelines] was performed on common baseline variables and predictive effects for development of SAWS were calculated using RevMan v5...
October 2014: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
Jean Abed, Hani Judeh, Elie Abed, Matthew Kim, Haword Arabelo, Rajan Gurunathan
CASE: A 25-year-old woman with chronic anorexia nervosa and depression presented with sudden weakness and fatigue. Psychosocial history was notable for binge-starve cycles over the past year and a decline in overall well-being. Vitals on presentation were notable for hypothermia, hypotension, and bradycardia. Initial exam was significant for emaciation, lethargy, and lower extremity edema. Laboratory work-up revealed markedly elevated LFTs, hypoglycemia, thrombocytopenia and elevated INR and lipase...
2014: Nutrition Journal
Ari Moskowitz, Joon Lee, Michael W Donnino, Roger Mark, Leo Anthony Celi, John Danziger
INTRODUCTION: Although magnesium plays an important role in aerobic metabolism and magnesium deficiency is a common phenomenon in critical illness, the association between magnesium deficiency and lactic acidosis in the intensive care unit (ICU) has not been defined. METHODS: This was a retrospective, cross-sectional study conducted at a 77 ICU bed tertiary medical center. Data pertaining to the first unique admission of any ICU patient between 2001 and 2008 were extracted from the Multiparameter Intelligent Monitoring in Intensive Care database...
March 2016: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
J V Mascarenhas, E B Jude
Central pontine myelinolysis (CPM), which is a component of the osmotic demyelination syndrome (ODS), is a frequent neurological complication that follows rapid correction of hyponatraemia. However, there are other predisposing risk factors (chronic alcoholism, hypokalaemia) that perpetuate the development of ODS. We report a case of a 39-year-old woman with a history of chronic alcoholism who presented to us with progressive neurological deficits (paraparesis, paresthesias). She was initially detected to have coexisting hypokalaemia which was eventually rectified with potassium supplementation...
2014: BMJ Case Reports
Nicholas Marston, Devin Kehl, Jonathan Copp, Noureddin Nourbakhsh, Dena E Rifkin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2014: American Journal of Medicine
Shyam Kishore, D Kandasamy, Viveka P Jyotsna
Central pontinemyelinolysis (CPM) is one of the rare non-inflammatory demyelinating diseases of the pons and very rarely it can involve extrapontine structure as well. The exact etiopathogenesis of this condition is still unclear. Rapid correction of hyponatremia has been attributed as a most common factor, but alcoholism, malnutrition, prolonged use of diuretics, psychogenic polydipsia, post liver transplant and hypokalemia have also been attributed as a causative factor. We describe a case of hyperparathyroidism with concomitant hypercalcemia accompanied by central pontine myelinosis without hyponatremia/hyperosmolality or associated rapid corrections of sodium, which developed as a consequence of severe hypokalaemia...
October 2013: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Xiaojing Sang, Yiran Jiang, Weiqing Wang, Li Yan, Jiasheng Zhao, Yongde Peng, Wei Gu, Gang Chen, Wei Liu, Guang Ning
OBJECTIVES: It is estimated that there are more than 16 million adults with drug-resistant hypertension in China. Nevertheless, the prevalence of and risk factors for primary aldosteronism, a highly curable condition among adults with drug-resistant hypertension, has not been fully investigated. METHODS: Between January 2010 and October 2011, a multicenter epidemiologic study was conducted among 1656 patients with resistant hypertension in 11 provinces of China...
July 2013: Journal of Hypertension
Ashok K Kayal, Munindra Goswami, Marami Das, Rahul Jain
BACKGROUND: Acute hypokalemic paralysis, characterized by acute flaccid paralysis is primarily a calcium channelopathy, but secondary causes like renal tubular acidosis (RTA), thyrotoxic periodic paralysis (TPP), primary hyperaldosteronism, Gitelman's syndrome are also frequent. OBJECTIVE: To study the etiology, varied presentations, and outcome after therapy of patients with hypokalemic paralysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients who presented with acute flaccid paralysis with hypokalemia from October 2009 to September 2011 were included in the study...
April 2013: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
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