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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636885/differential-changes-in-the-pharmacokinetics-of-statins-in-collagen-induced-arthritis-rats
#1
Chun-Han Lin, Ke-Wei Hsu, Chia-Hao Chen, Yow-Shieng Uang, Chun-Jung Lin
The elevated systemic levels of cytokines in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) can change the expression of metabolic enzymes and transporters. Given that statins are lipid-lowering agents frequently used in RA patients with concurrent cardiovascular diseases, the objective of the present study was to investigate the impacts of RA on the pharmacokinetics of statins of different disposition properties in rats with collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). The expression of metabolic enzymes and transporters in tissues of CIA rats were analyzed by RT-qPCR...
June 18, 2017: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620871/lipophilic-statins-and-the-risk-of-intracranial-hemorrhage-following-ischemic-stroke-a-population-based-study
#2
Kieran L Quinn, Erin M Macdonald, Muhammad M Mamdani, Christina Diong, David N Juurlink
BACKGROUND: Statins are commonly prescribed for the secondary prevention of ischemic stroke, but there is conflicting evidence as to whether they increase the risk of intracranial hemorrhage. Lipophilic statins cross the blood-brain barrier more freely than hydrophilic statins and may therefore increase the risk of intracranial hemorrhage. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether, in older patients following ischemic stroke, receipt of lipophilic statins was associated with differences in the risk of intracranial hemorrhage...
June 15, 2017: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583899/statins-do-not-inhibit-the-fgfr-signaling-in-chondrocytes
#3
B Fafilek, M Hampl, N Ricankova, I Vesela, L Balek, M Kunova Bosakova, I Gudernova, M Varecha, M Buchtova, P Krejci
OBJECTIVE: Statins are widely used drugs for cholesterol lowering, which were recently found to counteract the effects of aberrant fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR3) signaling in cell and animal models of FGFR3-related chondrodysplasia. This opened an intriguing therapeutic possibility for human dwarfing conditions caused by gain-of-function mutations in FGFR3, although the mechanism of statin action on FGFR3 remains unclear. Here, we determine the effect of statins on FGFR signaling in chondrocytes...
June 3, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550055/potential-drug-interactions-mediated-by-renal-organic-anion-transporter-oatp4c1
#4
Toshihiro Sato, Eikan Mishima, Nariyasu Mano, Takaaki Abe, Hiroaki Yamaguchi
OATP4C1 is an organic anion transporter expressed in the basolateral membrane of the renal proximal tubules. It plays a major role in the urinary excretion of both exogenous drugs and endogenous compounds. Our previous studies have indicated the importance of OATP4C1 in pathological and physiological conditions; however, the majority of its pharmacological characteristics remained unclear. Therefore, to provide essential information for clinical drug therapy decisions and drug development, we, in this study, attempted to clarify drug interactions mediated by OATP4C1...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548867/statins-determination-a-review-of-electrochemical-techniques
#5
I Antal, M Koneracka, V Zavisova, M Kubovcikova, Zh Kormosh, P Kopcansky
The use of electroanalytical techniques for the determination of statins (Atorvastatin, Fluvastatin, Lovastatin, Pitavastatin, Pravastatin, Rosuvastatin and Simvastatin) is reviewed covering the period from 1997 to 2016. Among all of the published electrochemical methods, voltammetry and polarography are the most popular techniques for determination of statins and both are used for the analysis of pharmaceutical dosage forms and biological samples. Determination of statins by potentiometric method using ion-selective electrodes is reported in only few papers...
May 26, 2017: Critical Reviews in Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546815/role-of-statin-drugs-for-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#6
REVIEW
Lisa Cassidy-Vu, Edwina Joe, Julienne K Kirk
Objective: To review the potential role and specific impact of statin drugs in women with PCOS. The evidence for this use of statins in PCOS is limited and still under further investigation. Materials and methods: A search was conducted using PubMed, DynaMed and PubMedHealth databases through October 16, 2016 using the terms polycystic ovary syndrome, PCOS, hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase inhibitors, hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA, statin, atorvastatin, fluvastatin, lovastatin, pitavastatin, pravastatin, rosuvastatin and simvastatin...
December 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546657/statins-reduce-lipopolysaccharide-induced-cytokine-and-inflammatory-mediator-release-in-an-in-vitro-model-of-microglial-like-cells
#7
A J McFarland, A K Davey, S Anoopkumar-Dukie
The anti-inflammatory effects of statins (HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors) within the cardiovascular system are well-established; however, their neuroinflammatory potential is unclear. It is currently unknown whether statins' neurological effects are lipid-dependent or due to pleiotropic mechanisms. Therefore, the assumption that all statin compounds will have the same effect within the central nervous system is potentially inappropriate, with no studies to date having compared all statins in a single model. Thus, the aim of this study was to compare the effects of the six statins (atorvastatin, fluvastatin, pitavastatin, pravastatin, rosuvastatin, and simvastatin) within a single in vitro model of neuroinflammation...
2017: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542559/fluvastatin-inhibits-age-induced-cell-proliferation-and-migration-via-an-erk5-dependent-nrf2-pathway-in-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells
#8
Ae-Rang Hwang, Jung-Hwa Han, Jae Hyang Lim, Young Jin Kang, Chang-Hoon Woo
Advanced glycation endproduct (AGE)-induced vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production are emerging as important mechanisms of diabetic vasculopathy, but little is known about the molecular mechanism responsible for the antioxidative effects of statins on AGEs. It has been reported that statins exert pleiotropic effects on the cardiovascular system due to decreases in AGE-induced cell proliferation, migration, and vascular inflammation. Thus, in the present study, the authors investigated the molecular mechanism by which statins decrease AGE-induced cell proliferation and VSMC migration...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511669/fasting-levels-of-growth-hormone-are-associated-with-carotid-intima-media-thickness-but-are-not-affected-by-fluvastatin-treatment
#9
Erik Hallengren, Peter Almgren, Maria Rosvall, Gerd Östling, Margaretha Persson, Andreas Bergmann, Joachim Struck, Gunnar Engström, Bo Hedblad, Olle Melander
BACKGROUND: Growth hormone (GH) has been linked to cardiovascular disease but the exact mechanism of this association is still unclear. We here test if the fasting levels of GH are cross-sectionally associated with carotid intima media thickness (IMT) and whether treatment with fluvastatin affects the fasting level of GH. METHODS: We examined the association between GH and IMT in 4425 individuals (aged 46-68 years) included in the baseline examination (1991-1994) of the Malmö Diet and Cancer cardiovascular cohort (MDC-CC)...
May 16, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503146/statin-therapy-is-associated-with-reduced-risk-of-peptic-ulcer-disease-in-the-taiwanese-population
#10
Chun-Jung Lin, Wei-Chih Liao, Yu-An Chen, Hwai-Jeng Lin, Chun-Lung Feng, Cheng-Li Lin, Ying-Ju Lin, Min-Chuan Kao, Mei-Zi Huang, Chih-Ho Lai, Chia-Hung Kao
Although statin use may affect the severity of chronic gastritis and gastric cancer, no data exists about the relationship between statin therapy and risk of peptic ulcer disease (PUD) in patients. We investigated the effect of statin use and the incidence of PUD from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD). A total of 35,194 patients records for medical claims were enrolled. We performed a population-based case-control analysis to compare the incidence of PUD in patients who were prescribed statins and that in patients who were not...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500274/combined-hmg-coa-reductase-and-prenylation-inhibition-in-treatment-of-ccm
#11
Sayoko Nishimura, Ketu Mishra-Gorur, JinSeok Park, Yulia V Surovtseva, Said M Sebti, Andre Levchenko, Angeliki Louvi, Murat Gunel
Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) are common vascular anomalies that develop in the central nervous system and, more rarely, the retina. The lesions can cause headache, seizures, focal neurological deficits, and hemorrhagic stroke. Symptomatic lesions are treated according to their presentation; however, targeted pharmacological therapies that improve the outcome of CCM disease are currently lacking. We performed a high-throughput screen to identify Food and Drug Administration-approved drugs or other bioactive compounds that could effectively suppress hyperproliferation of mouse brain primary astrocytes deficient for CCM3...
May 23, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457315/fluvastatin-inhibits-intimal-hyperplasia-in-wild-type-but-not-thbs1-null-mice
#12
Pratik Desai, Alex Helkin, Adeola Odugbesi, Jeff Stein, David Bruch, Jack Lawler, Kristopher G Maier, Vivian Gahtan
BACKGROUND: Thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) is functionally important to intimal hyperplasia (IH) development. Statin drugs have beneficial pleiotropic effects, including reduced IH; however, the effect of statins on IH in a TSP-1-independent setting is unknown. HYPOTHESIS: Statins will be less effective in attenuating IH after vascular injury in TSP-1-null (Thbs1(-/-)) mice compared with wild-type (WT) mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Carotid artery ligation was performed on WT and Thbs1(-/-) mice...
April 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454732/fluvastatin-prevents-lung-adenocarcinoma-bone-metastasis-by-triggering-autophagy
#13
Zuozhang Yang, Zhenyi Su, Judy Park DeWitt, Lin Xie, Yongbin Chen, Xiaojuan Li, Lei Han, Dongqi Li, Junfeng Xia, Ya Zhang, Yihao Yang, Congguo Jin, Jing Zhang, Su Li, Kun Li, Zhiping Zhang, Xin Qu, Zewei He, Yanjin Chen, Yan Shen, Mingyan Ren, Zhongqin Yuan
Bone is one of the most preferred sites of metastasis in lung cancer. Currently, bisphosphonates and denosumab are major agents for controlling tumor-associated skeletal-related events (SREs). However, both bisphosphonates and denosumab significantly increase the risk for jaw osteonecrosis. Statins, 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors and the most frequently prescribed cholesterol-lowering agents, have been reported to inhibit tumor progression and induce autophagy in cancer cells...
May 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430117/fluvastatin-therapy-could-not-decrease-progression-of-paroxysmal-atrial-fibrillation-in-non-valvular-disease-patients
#14
Qiang Tan, Shuangyue Zhang, Xiaoyi Zou, Jun Zhao, Jia Hao, Qian Sun
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate whether fluvastatin therapy could decrease the probability of atrial fibrillation (AF) progression from paroxysmal AF to permanent AF and decrease the recurrence frequency of AF. METHODS: Analyses were performed using two-tailed Student's t test or Mann-Whitney U tests. Categorical variables were compared with the χ2 statistics or Fisher's exact test. Patients with paroxysmal AF were randomized case-control, prospective into either the fluvastatin group (n=61) or control group (n=57)...
April 10, 2017: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423574/synergistic-anti-tumor-efficacy-of-sorafenib-and-fluvastatin-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#15
Yang Cheng, RongCheng Luo, Hang Zheng, Biao Wang, YaHui Liu, DingLi Liu, JinZhang Chen, WanFu Xu, AiMin Li, Yun Zhu
Drug resistance to sorafenib is common in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC). We examined the effects of a combination of sorafenib and fluvastatin on HCC using in vitro and in vivo models. The dual treatment induced apoptosis and reduced cellular viability in HCC more effectively than either drug alone. The combination treatment also inhibited activation of hepatic stellate cells, whereas single drug treatments did not. On a molecular level, combined treatment inhibited activation of the MAPK and NF-κB pathways via Toll-like receptor 4 in HCC cells...
April 4, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384560/very-low-dose-fluvastatin-valsartan-combination-decreases-parameters-of-inflammation-and-oxidative-stress-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#16
Mojca Lunder, Miodrag Janić, Vedran Savić, Andrej Janež, Karin Kanc, Mišo Šabovič
AIMS: Previously we revealed the effectiveness of a new therapeutic approach with a short-term, very-low dose fluvastatin-valsartan combination on the improvement of arterial function in type 1 diabetes mellitus patients (T1DM). In this study we explored whether this approach influences inflammation and oxidative stress and explored any association of these effects with arterial function improvement. METHODS: This was a supplementary analysis of the two previous double blind randomized studies (included 44 T1DM patients)...
March 22, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303595/single-intra-articular-injection-of-fluvastatin-plga-microspheres-reduces-cartilage-degradation-in-rabbits-with-experimental-osteoarthritis
#17
Norio Goto, Ken Okazaki, Yukio Akasaki, Kohei Ishihara, Koji Murakami, Kiyoshi Koyano, Yasunori Ayukawa, Noriyuki Yasunami, Tomohiro Masuzaki, Yasuharu Nakashima
Statins are cholesterol-lowering drugs that inhibit 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase, a rate-limiting enzyme of the mevalonate pathway. The anti-inflammatory effect of statins has been reported in recent years. The present study investigated therapeutic effects of the local administration of statin in osteoarthritis (OA). We assessed clinically used statins and selected fluvastatin for further experimentation, as it showed potent anabolic and anti-catabolic effects on human OA chondrocytes...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302946/influence-of-lyophilization-factors-and-gelatin-concentration-on-pore-structures-of-atelocollagen-gelatin-sponge-biomaterial
#18
Longqiang Yang, Koji Tanabe, Tadashi Miura, Masao Yoshinari, Shinji Takemoto, Seikou Shintani, Masataka Kasahara
This study aimed to investigate influences of lyophilization factors and gelatin concentration on pore structures of ACG sponge. ACG sponges of different freezing temperatures (-30, -80 and -196(o)C), freezing times (1, 2 and 24 h), gelatin concentrations (0.6%AC+0.15%G, 0.6%AC+0.6%G and 0.6%AC+2.4%G), and with 500 μM fluvastatin were fabricated. Pore structures including porosity and pore size were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy and ImageJ. The cytotoxic effects of ACG sponges were evaluated in vitro...
March 8, 2017: Dental Materials Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302944/release-properties-of-atelocollagen-gelatin-complexes-as-carriers-for-local-administration-of-fluvastatin
#19
Koichi Kida, Koji Tanabe, Hodaka Sasaki, Yoshitaka Furuya, Tadashi Miura, Masao Yoshinari, Yasutomo Yajima
The aim of this study was to investigate properties of atelocollagen/gelatin complexes (AC/Gel) and their characteristics of sustained statin release, to assess the utility of AC/Gel. AC/Gel were prepared by changing the mixing ratio of AC (0 to 40% of AC). Analysis of spectra of fluvastatin (Flu), gelatin (Gel), and Flu with Gel complex using a Fourier transform-infrared spectrometer indicates that Flu was bound to Gel through a bond involving the carboxyl and amino groups. Evaluation of characteristics of sustained release of Flu from the AC/Gel using an ultraviolet-visible spectrophotometer showed that the release rate of Flu decreased with increasing the AC content...
March 8, 2017: Dental Materials Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295913/identification-and-characterization-of-fluvastatin-metabolites-in-rats-by-uhplc-q-tof-ms-ms-and-in-silico-toxicological-screening-of-the-metabolites
#20
Balasaheb B Chavan, Pradipbhai D Kalariya, Rakesh D Nimbalkar, Prabha Garg, R Srinivas, M V N Kumar Talluri
The present study reports the in vivo and in vitro identification and characterization of metabolites of fluvastatin, the 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl-coenzyme A reductase inhibitor, using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS). In vitro studies were conducted by incubating the drug with human liver microsomes and rat liver microsomes. In vivo studies were carried out by administration of the drug in the form of suspension to the Sprague-Dawley rats followed by collection of urine, faeces and blood at different time points up to 24 h...
May 2017: Journal of Mass Spectrometry: JMS
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