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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641120/the-cognitive-bases-of-the-development-of-past-and-future-episodic-cognition-in-preschoolers
#1
Gülten Ünal, Annette Hohenberger
The aim of this study was to use a minimalist framework to examine the joint development of past and future episodic cognition and their underlying cognitive abilities in 3- to 5-year-old Turkish preschoolers. Participants engaged in two main tasks, a what-where-when (www) task to measure episodic memory and a future prediction task to measure episodic future thinking. Three additional tasks were used for predicting children's performance in the two main tasks: a temporal language task, an executive function task, and a spatial working memory task...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637131/translation-cultural-adaptation-reliability-and-validity-of-the-turkish-version-of-the-penn-shoulder-score
#2
Zeynep Hazar Kanik, Gurkan Gunaydin, Omer Osman Pala, Ugur Sozlu, Zeynep Beyza Alkan, Seyit Citaker, Selda Basar, Ulunay Kanatli
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to translate the Penn Shoulder Score into Turkish and to establish its cultural adaptation, reliability, and validity in patients with shoulder dysfunctions. METHODS: The Penn Shoulder Score was translated and culturally adapted from English into Turkish. Subsequently, the Penn Shoulder Score, the Constant Score, the American Shoulder and Elbow Score, and the Western Ontario Rotator Cuff Index were completed by 97 patients with shoulder dysfunctions...
February 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635103/uncovering-the-dispersion-history-adaptive-evolution-and-selection-of-wheat-in-china
#3
Yong Zhou, Zhongxu Chen, Mengping Cheng, Jian Chen, Tingting Zhu, Rui Wang, Yaxi Liu, Pengfei Qi, Guoyue Chen, Qiantao Jiang, Yuming Wei, Ming-Cheng Luo, Eviatar Nevo, Robin G Allaby, Dengcai Liu, Jirui Wang, Jan Dvorák, Youliang Zheng
Wheat was introduced to China approximately 4500 years ago, where it adapted over a span of time to various environments in agro-ecological growing zones. We investigated 717 Chinese and 14 Iranian/Turkish geographically diverse, locally adapted wheat landraces with 27,933 DArTseq (for 717 landraces) and 312,831 Wheat660K (for a subset of 285 landraces) markers. This study highlights the adaptive evolutionary history of wheat cultivation in China. Environmental stresses and independent selection efforts have resulted in considerable genome-wide divergence at the population level in Chinese wheat landraces...
June 21, 2017: Plant Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634765/a-450-year-old-turkish-poem-on-medical-ethics
#4
REVIEW
Halil Tekiner
The Ottoman physician-poet Nidai of Ankara (1509 to post-1567) studied medicine in Crimea and served as a court physician in Istanbul during the reign of Sultan Selim II. Nidai marked the classical period of Ottoman medicine particularly with his acclaimed works and translations in Turkish, among which Manafi al-Nas (Benefits of People, 1566) became widely known. The final chapter of Manafi al-Nas also is known independently under the name Vasiyyetname (Last Will), which is a remarkable guide on medical ethics...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631183/comprehension-of-idioms-in-turkish-aphasic-participants
#5
Burcu Aydin, Muzaffer Barin, Oktay Yagiz
Brain damaged participants offer an opportunity to evaluate the cognitive and linguistic processes and make assumptions about how the brain works. Cognitive linguists have been investigating the underlying mechanisms of idiom comprehension to unravel the ongoing debate on hemispheric specialization in figurative language comprehension. The aim of this study is to evaluate and compare the comprehension of idiomatic expressions in left brain damaged (LBD) aphasic, right brain damaged (RBD) and healthy control participants...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629779/are-dopaminergic-genotypes-risk-factors-for-eating-behavior-and-obesity-in-adults
#6
Orcun Avsar, Aysegul Kuskucu, Seda Sancak, Ece Genc
Dopamine (DA) is the main modulator of the brain reward system and significantly regulates food intake. The idea that obesity is a neurobiological disease rather than a metabolic disorder, is the basis of the study. Changes in dopamine neurotransmission affect the brain reward system in a direct way. Furthermore, changes in the reward system influence the eating behavior in human. The enzymes monoamine oxidase A (MAOA) and catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) terminate the DA function by metabolizing it. In our study, the control group which included 214 individuals and 234 subjects with obesity were investigated for MAOA-u VNTR and COMT (rs4680) polymorphisms...
June 16, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626860/the-longitudinal-associations-among-temperament-parenting-and-turkish-children-s-prosocial-behaviors
#7
Deborah J Laible, Asiye Kumru, Gustavo Carlo, Cara Streit, Bilge Selcuk, Melike Sayil
In Turkey, responsive behaviors toward kin are expected from children. Despite this, we know little about the factors that influence young Turkish children's prosocial behaviors. The goal was to explore how temperament and parenting are related to children's prosocial development in Turkey. A total of 293 Turkish children (Mage  = 49 months; 48.12% females) were followed up for 3 years. Mothers completed measures of their child's prosocial behaviors, as well as measures of their warmth, inductive reasoning, and the child's approach and reactivity...
June 19, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626851/counselling-pregnant-women-at-the-crossroads-of-europe-and-asia-effect-of-teratology-information-service-in-turkey
#8
Yusuf Cem Kaplan, Barış Karadaş, Gözde Küçüksolak, Bartu Ediz, Ömer Demir, Kaan Sozmen, Hedvig Nordeng
Background Previous studies from western countries demonstrated the effectiveness of Teratology Information Service (TIS) counselling in reducing the teratogenic risk perception of pregnant women. Objective To assess whether TIS counselling would be effective in reducing the teratogenic risk perception of the Turkish pregnant women. Setting A TIS (Terafar) operating in a university hospital in Turkey. Methods A cross-sectional survey study. Pregnant women with non-teratogenic medication exposures were asked to assign scores on visual analogue scales (VAS) in response to the questions aiming to measure their teratogenic risk perception...
June 19, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622915/turkish-validity-and-reliability-of-eustachian-tube-dysfunction-questionnaire-7
#9
Erdoğan Özgür, Cem Bilgen, Beyhan Cengiz Özyurt
INTRODUCTION: During clinical evaluations, in order to interpret patients' complaints caused by Eustachian Tube Dysfunction and to monitor the success of the treatment, standardized and disease-related scales are necessary. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of Eustachian Tube Dysfunction Questionnaire-7. METHODS: Forty patients diagnosed with Eustachian Tube Dysfunction and 40 healthy individuals were enrolled for the study...
May 31, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622394/y-chromosomal-analysis-of-greek-cypriots-reveals-a-primarily-common-pre-ottoman-paternal-ancestry-with-turkish-cypriots
#10
Alexandros Heraclides, Evy Bashiardes, Eva Fernández-Domínguez, Stefania Bertoncini, Marios Chimonas, Vasilis Christofi, Jonathan King, Bruce Budowle, Panayiotis Manoli, Marios A Cariolou
Genetics can provide invaluable information on the ancestry of the current inhabitants of Cyprus. A Y-chromosome analysis was performed to (i) determine paternal ancestry among the Greek Cypriot (GCy) community in the context of the Central and Eastern Mediterranean and the Near East; and (ii) identify genetic similarities and differences between Greek Cypriots (GCy) and Turkish Cypriots (TCy). Our haplotype-based analysis has revealed that GCy and TCy patrilineages derive primarily from a single gene pool and show very close genetic affinity (low genetic differentiation) to Calabrian Italian and Lebanese patrilineages...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622062/novel-zinc-finger-protein-gene-469-znf469-variants-in-advanced-keratoconus
#11
Elvin Yildiz, Handan Bardak, Murat Gunay, Yavuz Bardak, Serhat Imamoglu, Halil Ozbas, Ozkan Bagci
PURPOSE: Common polymorphic variants upstream of Zinc finger protein gene 469 (ZNF469) have been associated with central corneal thickness. Rare ZNF469 variants have been shown in keratoconus patients. The aim of the current study was to investigate the frequency of ZNF 469 gene variants in rapidly progressive advance keratoconus patients who underwent corneal transplant surgery by the age of 30, compared to their frequency in the normal Turkish population. METHODS: A search in a patient database was performed to identify patients with a rapidly progressive keratoconus requiring corneal transplant surgery by the age of 30 in at least one eye...
June 16, 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621253/-turkish-translation-and-trancultural-adaptation-of-severe-respiratory-insufficiency-sri-questionnaire
#12
Begüm Ergan, Gül Dabak, Ömer Şenbaklavacı, Selen Uslu, Wolfram Windisch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620710/investigation-of-some-disinfection-chemicals-and-water-quality-parameters-in-swimming-pools-in-the-city-center-and-districts-of-canakkale-turkey
#13
Tolga Uysal, Selehattin Yilmaz, Muhammet Turkoglu, Murat Sadikoglu
In this study, the variations in concentrations of some disinfection chemicals such as cyanuric acid (CyA), free chlorine (FC), and residual chlorine (RC), which affect human health, were investigated in the water of swimming pools. In addition, quality parameters such as temperature, pH, and total alkalinity (TA) in 44 swimming pools located in the city center and districts of Canakkale, Turkey, were examined in the summer period. While FC and RC amounts were analyzed using tablet tests with N-N-diethyl phenylenediamine (DPD 1) and potassium iodine (DPD 3) using the colorimetric method in the comparator, TA and CyA levels were measured with a photometric method...
July 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619699/the-relationship-between-blood-pressure-and-sleep-duration-in-turkish-children-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Cengiz Bal, Ahmet Öztürk, Betül Çiçek, Ahmet Özdemir, Gökmen Zararsız, Demet Ünalan, Gözde Ertürk Zararsız, Selçuk Korkmaz, Dinçer Göksülük, Vahap Eldem, Sevda İsmailoğulları, Emine Erdem, Mümtaz M Mazıcıoğlu, Selam Kurtoğlu
OBJECTIVE: As in adults, hypertension is also an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease in children. We aimed to evaluate the effect of sleep duration on blood pressure in normal weight Turkish children aged between 11-17 years. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in the primary and secondary schools of the two central and ten outlying districts of Kayseri/Turkey with 2860 (1385 boys, 1475 girls) children and adolescents. Systolic and diastolic blood pressures were measured according to the recommendations of the Fourth Report of the National High Blood Pressure Education Program (NHBPEP) Working Group on High Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618769/association-study-of-ctla-4-49a-g-gene-polymorphism-with-recurrent-pregnancy-loss-in-the-iranian-azeri-turkish-ethnic-group
#15
Mortaza Bonyadi, Sara Parsa, Simin Taghavi, Narges Zeinalzadeh
BACKGROUND/AIM: Recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) is defined as two or more pregnancy losses. T-regulatory cells play an important role in the feto-maternal interface. Cytotoxic-T-lymphocyte antigen-4 (CTLA-4) is a molecule that downregulates the activation and proliferation of T cells. The objective of the current study was to investigate the possible association of CTLA-4+49A/G gene polymorphism with RPL among patients from the Iranian Azeri Turkish ethnic group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group/patients consisted of 101 women with the experience of two or more pregnancy losses and the control group consisted of 101 women with at least two live births, without any previous history of pregnancy loss and autoimmune diseases from the same ethnic group...
June 12, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618753/development-of-a-new-real-time-pcr-screening-kit-for-hbs-and-common-beta-thalassemia-mutations-observed-in-turkey
#16
Derya Kan Karaer, Mehmet Ali Ergün, Hatice Ilgın Ruhi, Jale Öztürk, Halil Kara, Deniz Reisoğlu Çakmak, Talihanur Aydoğmuş, Emriye Ferda Perçin
BACKGROUND/AIM: IVSI-110 (G>A), IVSI-6 (T>C), IVSII-1 (G>A), IVSII-745 (C>G), IVSI-1 (G>A), and HbS are mutations covering 76% of all the β-globin mutations in the Turkish population. In this study, our aim is to develop a reliable, fast, real-time kit for these mutations using the TaqMan probe method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 100 individuals with beta-thalassemia or sickle cell anemia who had unknown mutations, and 21 controls with known mutations...
June 12, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618744/comparative-analysis-of-selected-cagpai-genes-and-different-vaca-genotypes-in-iranian-and-turkish-h-pylori-positive-patients-suffering-from-gastric-adenocarcinoma-and-active-chronic-gastritis
#17
Ali Bahadori, Mohammad Hossein Somi, Figen Doran, Amirtaher Eftekharsadat, Suna Kizilyildirim, Mahsa Esmaeillou, Maryam Yaasi, Başak Bedir, Fatih Köksal
BACKGROUND/AIM: Helicobacter pylori is a pathogen that colonizes a majority of the world's population. Genetic diversity within the virulence genes of bacteria such as cagPAI and vacA may have a modified effect on the pathogenic potential of the bacteria. This study aimed to investigate which genes can be suggested as potentially related virulence factors for H. pylori-associated active chronic gastritis and stomach adenocarcinoma in the northwest of Iran and south of Turkey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded stomach biopsy tissue samples were obtained from Iranian and Turkish patients from selected geographical regions...
June 12, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618743/social-support-and-quality-of-life-in-a-group-of-cancer-patients-ankara-turkey
#18
Mustafa Soner Yilmaz, Birgül Piyal, Recep Akdur
BACKGROUND/AIM: Cancer has become an important public health challenge all around the world. Though the demographic and clinical features of cancer patients are well documented in Turkey, the establishment of social support networks has been somewhat neglected. The aim of the study was to assess cancer patients' perceived social support and quality of life characteristics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Multidimensional Perceived Social Support Scale, European Organization of Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire, and Turkish version of the EUROHIS measurements were obtained from the study group...
June 12, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618742/the-turkish-version-of-the-physical-activity-scale-for-the-elderly-pase-its-cultural-adaptation-validation-and-reliability
#19
Ender Ayvat, Muhammed Kilinç, Nuray Kirdi
BACKGROUND/AIM: This study aimed to describe the cultural adaptation of the Turkish Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE) and to examine the reliability and validity of the scale in older Turkish adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty elderly people were recruited for the study. The assessments included the PASE, the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), the Short Physical Performance Battery and Short Form-36 Quality of Life Questionnaire (SF-36), and the Mini Mental State Test...
June 12, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616632/dispensing-of-psychotropic-medication-among-400-000-immigrants-in-the-netherlands
#20
Fabian Termorshuizen, Jean-Paul Selten, Eibert R Heerdink
PURPOSE: Previously, a high prevalence of certain psychiatric disorders was shown among non-Western immigrants. This study explores whether this results in more prescriptions for psychotropic medication. METHODS: Data on dispensing of medication among adults living in the four largest Dutch cities in 2013 were linked to demographic data from Statistics Netherlands. Incident (i.e., following no dispensing in 2010-2012) and prevalent dispensing among immigrants was compared to that among native Dutch (N = 1,043,732) and analyzed using multivariable Poisson and logistic regression...
June 14, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
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