keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Unilateral Vocal Fold Paralysis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059441/neuromuscular-compensation-mechanisms-in-vocal-fold-paralysis-and-paresis
#1
Karuna Dewan, Andrew Vahabzadeh-Hagh, Donna Soofer, Dinesh K Chhetri
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Vocal fold paresis and paralysis are common conditions. Treatment options include augmentation laryngoplasty and voice therapy. The optimal management for this condition is unclear. The objective of this study was to assess possible neuromuscular compensation mechanisms that could potentially be used in the treatment of vocal fold paresis and paralysis. STUDY DESIGN: In vivo canine model. METHODS: In an in vivo canine model, we examined three conditions: 1) unilateral right recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) paresis and paralysis, 2) unilateral superior laryngeal nerve (SLN) paralysis, and 3) unilateral vagal nerve paresis and paralysis...
January 6, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007326/unilateral-vocal-fold-paralysis-a-systematic-review-of-speech-language-pathology-management
#2
REVIEW
Chloe Walton, Erin Conway, Helen Blackshaw, Paul Carding
OBJECTIVES: Dysphonia due to unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) can be characterized by hoarseness and weakness, resulting in a significant impact on patients' activity and participation. Voice therapy provided by a speech-language pathologist is designed to maximize vocal function and improve quality of life. The purpose of this paper is to systematically review literature surrounding the effectiveness of speech-language pathology intervention for the management of UVFP in adults...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003099/long-term-results-of-18-fat-injections-in-unilateral-vocal-fold-paralysis
#3
R Pagano, D Morsomme, S Camby, L Lejeune, C Finck
OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were to assess the long-term efficacy of medialization laryngoplasty via injection of autologous fat in patients with unilateral laryngeal paralysis, and to discuss the results based on the volume of fat injected and the size of the initial glottic gap. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective study with clinical reevaluation of 18 patients treated for unilateral laryngeal paralysis at Liège University Hospital between April 1, 2011, and December 1, 2014...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943294/laryngeal-pacing-for-bilateral-vocal-fold-paralysis-voice-and-respiratory-aspects
#4
Andreas H Mueller, Rudolf Hagen, Claus Pototschnig, Gerhard Foerster, Wilma Grossmann, Katrin Baumbusch, Markus Gugatschka, Tadeus Nawka
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of neurostimulation with the laryngeal pacemaker (LP) system in patients with bilateral vocal fold paralysis (BVFP) in terms of voice quality and respiratory function. STUDY DESIGN: Feasibility study, first-in-human, single-arm, open-label, prospective, multicenter study with group-sequential design and 6-month follow-up period, as described in details in our previous publication. METHODS: Nine symptomatic BVFP subjects were unilaterally implanted with the LP system at three study sites in Germany and Austria...
December 10, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816357/evaluation-of-vocal-fold-motion-abnormalities-are-we-all-seeing-the-same-thing
#5
Lyndsay L Madden, Clark A Rosen
OBJECTIVES: Flexible laryngoscopy is the principle tool for the evaluation of vocal fold motion. As of yet, no consistent, unified outcome metric has been developed for vocal fold paralysis/immobility research. The goal of this study was to evaluate vocal fold motion assessment (inter- and intra-rater reliability) among general otolaryngologists and fellowship-trained laryngologists. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective video perceptual analysis study. METHODS: Flexible laryngoscopic examinations, with sound, of 15 unique patient cases (20 seconds each) were sent to 10 general otolaryngologists and 10 fellowship-trained laryngologists blinded to clinical history...
January 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743845/hierarchical-classification-and-system-combination-for-automatically-identifying-physiological-and-neuromuscular-laryngeal-pathologies
#6
Hugo Cordeiro, José Fonseca, Isabel Guimarães, Carlos Meneses
OBJECTIVES: Speech signal processing techniques have provided several contributions to pathologic voice identification, in which healthy and unhealthy voice samples are evaluated. A less common approach is to identify laryngeal pathologies, for which the use of a noninvasive method for pathologic voice identification is an important step forward for preliminary diagnosis. In this study, a hierarchical classifier and a combination of systems are used to improve the accuracy of a three-class identification system (healthy, physiological larynx pathologies, and neuromuscular larynx pathologies)...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742492/accuracy-of-acoustic-analysis-measurements-in-the-evaluation-of-patients-with-different-laryngeal-diagnoses
#7
Leonardo Wanderley Lopes, Layssa Batista Simões, Jocélio Delfino da Silva, Deyverson da Silva Evangelista, Ana Celiane da Nóbrega E Ugulino, Priscila Oliveira Costa Silva, Vinícius Jefferson Dias Vieira
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the accuracy of acoustic measures in discriminating between patients with different laryngeal diagnoses. STUDY DESIGN: The study design is descriptive, cross-sectional, and retrospective. METHODS: A total of 279 female patients participated in the research. Acoustic measures of the mean and standard deviation (SD) values of the fundamental frequency (F0), jitter, shimmer, and glottal to noise excitation (GNE) were extracted from the emission of the vowel /ε/...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738634/using-innovative-acoustic-analysis-to-predict-the-postoperative-outcomes-of-unilateral-vocal-fold-paralysis
#8
Yung-An Tsou, Yi-Wen Liu, Wen-Dien Chang, Wei-Chen Chen, Hsiang-Chun Ke, Wen-Yang Lin, Hsing-Rong Yang, Dung-Yun Shie, Ming-Hsui Tsai
Objective. Autologous fat injection laryngoplasty is ineffective for some patients with iatrogenic vocal fold paralysis, and additional laryngeal framework surgery is often required. An acoustically measurable outcome predictor for lipoinjection laryngoplasty would assist phonosurgeons in formulating treatment strategies. Methods. Seventeen thyroid surgery patients with unilateral vocal fold paralysis participated in this study. All subjects underwent lipoinjection laryngoplasty to treat postsurgery vocal hoarseness...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692725/impact-of-cricothyroid-muscle-contraction-on-vocal-fold-vibration-experimental-study-with-high-speed-videoendoscopy
#9
Camila Cristina Ishikawa, Thais Gonçalves Pinheiro, Adriana Hachiya, Arlindo Neto Montagnoli, Domingos Hiroshi Tsuji
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of cricothyroid muscle contraction on vocal fold vibration, as evaluated with high-speed videoendoscopy, and to identify one or more aspects of vocal fold vibration that could be used as an irrefutable indicator of unilateral cricothyroid muscle paralysis. STUDY DESIGN: This was an experimental study employing excised human larynges. METHODS: Twenty freshly excised human larynges were evaluated during artificially produced vibration...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670956/repeat-imaging-in-idiopathic-unilateral-vocal-fold-paralysis-is-it-necessary
#10
Julia E Noel, Caroline C Jeffery, Edward Damrose
OBJECTIVE: Imaging plays a critical role in the evaluation of patients presenting with unilateral vocal fold paresis or paralysis of unknown etiology. In those with idiopathic unilateral vocal fold paralysis (iUVFP), there is no consensus regarding the need or timing of repeat imaging. This study seeks to establish the rate of delayed detection of alternate etiologies for these patients to determine if and when imaging should be repeated. METHODS: Retrospective chart review was conducted identifying patients at our institution with vocal fold movement impairment between 1998 and 2014...
December 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666943/disease-characteristics-and-electromyographic-findings-of-nonsurgery-related-unilateral-vocal-fold-paralysis
#11
Yu-Cheng Pei, Hsueh-Yu Li, Cheng-Lun Chen, Alice M K Wong, Pei-Chi Huang, Tuan-Jen Fang
OBJECTIVE: The detailed characteristics and prognosis of nonsurgery-related unilateral vocal fold paralysis (NSUVFP) are currently unclear. This study evaluated the extent of laryngeal nerve lesions and the individual characteristics for patients with NSUVFP. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective, case series. METHODS: Patients with unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) were evaluated using videolaryngostroboscopy and quantitative laryngeal electromyography...
September 26, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604559/autologous-fat-injection-therapy-including-a-high-concentration-of-adipose-derived-regenerative-cells-in-a-vocal-fold-paralysis-model-animal-pilot-study
#12
N Nishio, Y Fujimoto, K Suga, Y Iwata, K Toriyama, K Takanari, Y Kamei, T Yamamoto, M Gotoh
OBJECTIVES: To verify the effectiveness and safety of the addition of adipose-derived regenerative cells to autologous fat injection therapy. METHODS: Unilateral vocal fold paralysis models were made by cutting the right recurrent laryngeal nerve in two pigs. At day 30, 0.5 ml adipose-derived regenerative cells mixed with 1 ml autologous fat was injected into the right vocal fold of one pig, with the other receiving 0.5 ml Ringer's solution mixed with 1 ml autologous fat...
October 2016: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601300/cost-effectiveness-of-routine-computed-tomography-in-the-evaluation-of-idiopathic-unilateral-vocal-fold-paralysis
#13
Houmehr Hojjat, Peter F Svider, Adam J Folbe, Syed N Raza, Michael A Carron, Mahdi A Shkoukani, Albert L Merati, Ross M Mayerhoff
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of routine computed tomography (CT) in individuals with unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) STUDY DESIGN: Health Economics Decision Tree Analysis METHODS: A decision tree was constructed to determine the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) of CT imaging in UVFP patients. Univariate sensitivity analysis was utilized to calculate what the probability of having an etiology of the paralysis discovered would have to be to make CT with contrast more cost-effective than no imaging...
September 7, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600559/botulinum-toxin-injection-in-laryngeal-dyspnea
#14
Virginie Woisard, Xuelai Liu, Marie Christine Arné Bes, Marion Simonetta-Moreau
Data, regarding the use of botulinum toxin (BT-A) in laryngeal dyspnea, are scarce, coming from some cases reports in the literature, including Vocal fold paralysis, laryngeal dystonia, vocal cord dysfunction also called paradoxical motion of the vocal fold (PMVF), and post-neuroleptic laryngeal dyskinesia. There is no consensus regarding the muscles and the doses to inject. The aim of this study is to present a retrospective review of patients treated in our ENT Department by BT-A injection in this indication...
September 6, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27585082/laryngeal-framework-surgery-current-strategies
#15
Markus M Hess, Susanne Fleischer
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Laryngeal framework surgery (LFS) is an indispensable surgical approach for the treatment of voice problems. The purpose of this review is to single out some relevant articles published on the topic of LFS from 2015 to mid-2016. Articles referring to injection laryngoplasty (augmentation) are entirely left aside. RECENT FINDINGS: In the vast majority of recent publications, LFS mostly addresses surgery intended to improve vocal function in cases of glottic insufficiency...
December 2016: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27522215/a-sequential-anesthesia-technique-for-surgical-repair-of-unilateral-vocal-fold-paralysis
#16
Eric B Rosero, Esra Ozayar, Ted Mau, Girish P Joshi
Thyroplasty with arytenoid adduction, a combined procedure for treatment of unilateral vocal fold paralysis, is typically performed under local anesthesia with sedation to allow for intraoperative voice assessment. However, the need for patient immobility and suppression of laryngeal responses to surgical manipulation can make sedation-analgesia challenging. We describe our first 26 consecutive cases undergoing thyroplasty and arytenoid adduction with a standardized technique consisting of a combination of general anesthesia with tracheal intubation followed by sedation-analgesia...
August 13, 2016: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455863/a-retrospective-evaluation-of-the-etiology-of-unilateral-vocal-fold-paralysis-over-the-last-25%C3%A2-years
#17
Giovanna Cantarella, Philippe Dejonckere, Anna Galli, Annaclara Ciabatta, Michele Gaffuri, Lorenzo Pignataro, Sara Torretta
Previous studies have shown that the etiology of laryngeal paralysis has changed over the last decades, with an increase in the incidence of cases attributable to thyroid surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate longitudinal changes in the etiology of unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) in a single institution over the last 25 years. This retrospective study analyzed the etiology of UVFP between 1990 and 2015 by comparing a cohort of patients treated in 1990-1992 with a cohort treated in 2013-2015...
July 25, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27426938/laryngeal-pacing-via-an-implantable-stimulator-for-the-rehabilitation-of-subjects-suffering-from-bilateral-vocal-fold-paralysis-a-prospective-first-in-human-study
#18
Andreas H Mueller, Rudolf Hagen, Gerhard Foerster, Wilma Grossmann, Katrin Baumbusch, Claus Pototschnig
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To evaluate the performance and safety of the newly developed Laryngeal Pacemaker System (LP System) for the treatment of bilateral vocal fold paralysis (BVFP). STUDY DESIGN: Feasibility, first-in-human, single-arm, open-label, prospective, multicenter study with a group sequential design and a 6-month follow-up period. METHODS: Nine symptomatic BVFP subjects were implanted unilaterally with the LP System. Pre- and 6-month postimplantation evaluations consisted of the 6-Minute Walk Test (6MWT), the Peak Expiratory and Inspiratory Flow (PEF and PIF) evaluation, the PEF meter analysis, the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), the Glasgow Benefit Inventory (GBI), the 12-Item Voice Handicap Index (VHI-12), and the Fiberoptic Endoscopic Evaluation of Swallowing...
August 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27373097/-the-clinical-features-and-drug-therapy-of-unilateral-idiopathic-vocal-fold-paralysis
#19
Fengling Yang, Biao Wang, Heng Huang, Hongxing Huang, Wenxing Yu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical features and medication of unilateral idiopathic vocal fold paralysis. METHOD: Thirty-nine of medical treated patients with unilateral idiopathic vocal fold paralysis were retrospectively studied, and relevant literatures were reviewed. RESULT: After 4 to 19 days of medical therapy, 9 patients were cured, the vocal fold movement of 18 sufferers were improved, and 12 pantients were not healed. CONCLUSION: Unilateral idiopathic vocal fold paralysis is common, and the treatment efficacy of medicine is almost the same with others...
February 2016: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27373031/-acoustic-analysis-in-patients-with-unilateral-arytenoid-dislocation-and-unilateral-vocal-fold-paralysis
#20
Yanli Ma, Xinlin Xu, Guanghui Hou, Li Zhou, Peiyun Zhuang
OBJECTIVE: To analysis the acoustic characteristics in patients with unilateral arytenoid dislocation and unilateral vocal fold paralysis, and evaluate the application value of acoustic analysis technique in these two diseases. METHOD: The voice signals of sustained vowel /a/ were measured using the software MDVP in 50 healthy adults and 67 patients with unilateral vocal cord movement disorders. The acoustic parameters (jitter, shimmer, NHR and F₀) were analyzed...
February 2016: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
keyword
keyword
8402
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"