keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Biotyping

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647603/effects-of-the-herbicide-glyphosate-on-non-target-plant-native-species-from-chaco-forest-argentina
#1
Ferreira María Florencia, Torres Carolina, Bracamonte Enzo, Galetto Leonardo
Agriculture based on transgenic crops has expanded in Argentina into areas formerly occupied by Chaco forest. Even though glyphosate is the herbicide most widely used in the world, increasing evidence indicates severe ecotoxicological effects on non-target organisms as native plants. The aim of this work is to determine glyphosate effects on 23 native species present in the remaining Chaco forests immersed in agricultural matrices. This is a laboratory/greenhouse approach studying acute effects on seedlings after 21 days...
June 22, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645245/transcriptomic-dynamics-in-soybean-near-isogenic-lines-differing-in-alleles-for-an-aphid-resistance-gene-following-infestation-by-soybean-aphid-biotype-2
#2
Sungwoo Lee, Bryan J Cassone, Asela Wijeratne, Tae-Hwan Jun, Andrew P Michel, M A Rouf Mian
BACKGROUND: Genetic resistance of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr] against Aphis glycines provides effective management of this invasive pest, though the underlying molecular mechanisms are largely unknown. This study aimed to investigate genome-wide changes in gene expressions of soybean near-isogenic lines (NILs) either with the Rag5 allele for resistance or the rag5 allele for susceptibility to the aphid following infestation with soybean aphid biotype 2. RESULTS: The resistant (R)-NIL responded more rapidly to aphid infestation than the susceptible (S)-NIL, with differential expressions of 2496 genes during first 12 h of infestation (hai), compared to the aphid-free control...
June 23, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644107/gingival-perfusion-and-tissue-biomarkers-during-early-healing-of-post-extraction-regenerative-procedures-a-prospective-case-series
#3
Lamees Alssum, Timothy D Eubank, Sashwati Roy, Barbaros S Erdal, Vedat O Yildiz, Dimitris N Tatakis, Binnaz Leblebicioglu
BACKGROUND: Post-extraction alveolar bone loss, mostly affecting the buccal plate, occurs despite regenerative procedures. To better understand possible determinants, this prospective case series assessed gingival blood perfusion and tissue molecular responses in relation to post-extraction regenerative outcomes. METHODS: Adults scheduled to receive bone grafting in maxillary, non-molar, single tooth extraction site were recruited. Clinical documentation included probing pocket depth (PD), keratinized tissue width (KT), tissue biotype (TB), plaque (P) and bleeding...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639113/ergonomic-strategies-to-improve-radiographers-posture-during-mammography-activities
#4
Nicolai Cernean, Florentino Serranheira, Pedro Gonçalves, Cláudia Sá Dos Reis
OBJECTIVES: To identify alternatives for radiographers' postures while performing mammography that can contribute to reduce the risk of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSDs). METHODS: Radiographers' postures to positioning craniocaudal (CC) and mediolateral oblique (MLO) views were simulated without any intervention for three scenarios: radiographer/patient with similar statures, radiographer smaller than patient and radiographer taller than patient. Actions were taken to modify the postures: seated radiographer; patient on a step; seated patient; radiographer on a step...
June 21, 2017: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638412/molecular-identification-of-aminoglycoside-modifying-enzymes-and-plasmid-mediated-quinolone-resistance-genes-among-klebsiella-pneumoniae-clinical-isolates-recovered-from-egyptian-patients
#5
Mohamed F El-Badawy, Wael M Tawakol, Shaymaa W El-Far, Ibrahim A Maghrabi, Saleh A Al-Ghamdi, Moselhy S Mansy, Mohammed S Ashour, Mohamed M Shohayeb
Inappropriate use of antibiotics in clinical settings is thought to have led to the global emergence and spread of multidrug-resistant pathogens. The goal of this study was to investigate the prevalence of genes encoding aminoglycoside resistance and plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance among clinical isolates of Klebsiella pneumoniae. All K. pneumoniae isolates were phenotypically identified using API 20E and then confirmed genotypically through amplification of the specific K. pneumoniae phoE gene. All isolates were genotyped by the enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus polymerase chain reaction technique (ERIC-PCR)...
2017: International Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637909/rapid-differentiation-of-haemophilus-influenzae-and-haemophilus-haemolyticus-using-maldi-tof-mass-spectrometry-with-clinprotools-mass-spectra-analysis
#6
Jonathan H K Chen, Vincent C C Cheng, Chun-Pong Wong, Sally C Y Wong, Wing-Cheong Yam, Kwok-Yung Yuen
Haemophilus influenzae is associated with severe invasive disease, while Haemophilus haemolyticus is considered part of the commensal flora in the human respiratory tract. Although the addition of a custom mass spectra library into the matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) system could improve identification of these two species, the establishment of such a custom database is technically complicated and requires a large amount of resources, which most clinical laboratories cannot afford...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637907/online-identification-of-fungi-using-maldi-tof-mass-spectrometry-validation-of-a-new-web-application
#7
A C Normand, P Becker, F Gabriel, C Cassagne, I Accoceberry, M Gari-Toussaint, L Hasseine, D De Geyter, D Pierard, I Surmont, F Djenad, J L Donnadieu, M Piarroux, S Ranque, M Hendrickx, R Piarroux
MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry has emerged as a reliable technique to identify molds involved in human diseases, including dermatophytes, provided that exhaustive reference databases are available. This study assessed an online identification application based on original algorithms and an extensive in-house reference database comprising 11,851 spectra (938 fungal species and 246 fungal genera).Validation criteria were established using an initial panel of 422 molds, including dermatophytes, previously identified via DNA sequencing (126 species)...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629503/red-pink-pigmented-hymenobacter-coccineus-sp-nov-hymenobacter-lapidarius-sp-nov-and-hymenobacter-glacialis-sp-nov-isolated-from-rocks-in-antarctica
#8
Ivo Sedláček, Stanislava Králová, Kamila Kýrová, Ivana Mašlaňová, Hans-Jürgen Busse, Eva Staňková, Veronika Vrbovská, Miroslav Němec, Miloš Barták, Pavla Holochová, Pavel Švec, Roman Pantůček
Four rod-shaped and Gram-stain-negative bacterial strains, CCM 8647, CCM 8649T, CCM 8643T and CCM 8648T, were isolated from rock samples collected on James Ross Island, Antarctica. Extensive biotyping, fatty acid profiling, chemotaxonomy, 16S rRNA gene sequencing and whole-genome sequencing was applied to isolates to clarify their taxonomic position. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing indicated that all four isolates belonged to the genus Hymenobacter. Strains CCM 8649T and CCM 8647 were most closely related to Hymenobacter arizonensis OR362-8T (94...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619250/biotypes-promise-and-pitfalls
#9
Deanna M Barch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617953/the-gingival-biotype-in-a-cohort-of-chinese-subjects-with-and-without-history-of-periodontal-disease
#10
F Liu, G Pelekos, L J Jin
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to determine the gingival biotype in Chinese subjects with and without a history of periodontal disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty periodontally healthy subjects and 20 subjects with treated chronic periodontitis were recruited. The mid-buccal gingival thickness of upper central and lateral incisors was measured by a customized caliper in all subjects. The crown length and crown width of these teeth were recorded in the healthy group, while gingival recession was measured in the periodontitis group...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Periodontal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616480/culex-pipiens-and-culex-torrentium-populations-from-central-europe-are-susceptible-to-west-nile-virus-infection
#11
Mayke Leggewie, Marlis Badusche, Martin Rudolf, Stephanie Jansen, Jessica Börstler, Ralf Krumkamp, Katrin Huber, Andreas Krüger, Jonas Schmidt-Chanasit, Egbert Tannich, Stefanie C Becker
West Nile virus (WNV), a Flavivirus with an avian primary host, is already widespread in Europe and might also pose an infection risk to Germany, should competent mosquito vectors be present. Therefore, we analysed the ability of WNV to infect German Culex mosquitoes with special emphasis on field collected specimens of Culex torrentium and Culex pipiens biotype pipiens. We collected egg rafts of Culex mosquitoes over two subsequent seasons at two geographically distinct sampling areas in Germany and differentiated the samples by molecular methods...
December 2016: One Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609499/comparison-of-periodontal-biotypes-between-maxillary-and-mandibular-anterior-teeth-a-clinical-and-radiographic-study
#12
Andrés Pascual, Lucía Barallat, Antonio Santos, Paul Levi, Mónica Vicario, José Nart, Kyrenia Medina, Georgios E Romanos
Periodontal biotype is a key element influencing esthetic treatment outcomes in clinical practice. However, while the soft and hard tissue thicknesses of maxillary anterior teeth have been widely studied, information regarding mandibular anterior teeth is scarce. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine whether there is a relationship in terms of hard and soft tissue thickness between maxillary and mandibular anterior teeth. The present study included 90 maxillary and 90 mandibular anterior teeth in 15 healthy patients...
July 2017: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608171/genetic-approaches-to-understanding-psychiatric-disease
#13
REVIEW
Jacob J Michaelson
Human genetic studies have been the driving force in bringing to light the underlying biology of psychiatric conditions. As these studies fill in the gaps in our knowledge of the mechanisms at play, we will be better equipped to design therapies in rational and targeted ways, or repurpose existing therapies in previously unanticipated ways. This review is intended for those unfamiliar with psychiatric genetics as a field and provides a primer on different modes of genetic variation, the technologies currently used to probe them, and concepts that provide context for interpreting the gene-phenotype relationship...
June 12, 2017: Neurotherapeutics: the Journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605374/laboratory-techniques-used-to-maintain-and-differentiate-biotypes-of-vibrio-cholerae-clinical-and-environmental-isolates
#14
Kyle D Brumfield, Bailey M Carignan, Jordan N Ray, Panagiota E Jumpre, Mike S Son
The aquatic Gram-negative bacterium Vibrio cholerae is the etiological agent of the infectious gastrointestinal disease cholera. Due to the global prevalence and severity of this disease, V. cholerae has been extensively studied in both environmental and laboratory settings, requiring proper maintenance and culturing techniques. Classical and El Tor are two main biotypes that compose the V. cholerae O1 serogroup, each displaying unique genotypic and phenotypic characteristics that provide reliable mechanisms for biotype characterization, and require distinct virulence inducing culturing conditions...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587756/perceived-self-efficacy-personality-and-bioethics-before-a-heart-rehabilitation-programme-in-primary-health-care
#15
Antonio J Madueño Caro, Manuel Luis Mellado Fernández, Juana Delgado Pacheco, Marta Muñoz Ayllon, Manuel Pardos Lafarga, Laura Saez García
OBJECTIVES: There is a clear evidence of the benefit of cardiac rehabilitation after a cardiovascular event on patients' mood and perceived self-efficacy in terms of their own health care. Our aim is to define the correlation between mood-related variables, biotype and self-efficacy in this population. DESIGN: Descriptive study. BACKGROUND, PARTICIPANTS: The entire population of patients discharged from thecardiac rehabilitation unit over 12 months...
June 3, 2017: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583849/rapid-detection-of-lactococcuslactis-isolates-producing-the-lantibiotics-nisin-lacticin-481-and-lacticin-3147-using-maldi-tof-ms
#16
Tomás García-Cayuela, Teresa Requena, M Carmen Martínez-Cuesta, Carmen Peláez
The aim of the study was to evaluate the potential use of Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) for fast and reliable detection of strains producing the lantibiotics nisin, lacticin 481 and lacticin 3147 in a large collection of lactococci. A total of one hundred lactococcal isolates from traditional ewe's and goat's raw milk cheeses were identified to the species level as Lactococcuslactis by MALDI-TOF MS based on comparison with lactococcal entries in the BioTyper database...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Microbiological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571687/ngs-virulome-analysis-of-a-yersinia-enterocolitica-subsp-palearctica-bioserotype-4-o-3-st18-isolated-from-human-blood-in-brazil
#17
Leonardo Alves Rusak, Ricardo Magrani Junqueira, Ernesto Hofer, Deyse Christina Vallim, Marise Dutra Asensi
Yersinia enterocolitica is a widespread Gram-negative bacterium that causes gastrointestinal disease and other clinical manifestations in humans. Potentially pathogenic Y. enterocolitica has been isolated in Brazil, from human, environmental, food, and animal sources. Herein we report a genome sequence of Y. enterocolitica subsp. palearctica strain YE 19, serotype O:3, biotype 4, sequence type 18, with virulence determinants isolated from human blood in Rio de Janeiro in 2005. The results corroborate other findings that this strain harbors a set of virulence determinants that could play a role in host pathoadaptation and may also justify the successful dissemination of bioserotype 4/O:3 in Brazil...
May 29, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567145/applicability-of-the-moyers-probability-tables-in-adolescents-with-different-facial-biotypes
#18
Jorge J Pavani Carrillo, Maria C Rubial, Cristina Albornoz, Silvina Villalba, Patricia Damiani, Marta Rugani de Cravero
INTRODUCTION: The Moyers' probability tables are used in mixed dentition analysis to estimate the extent of space required for the alignment of canines and premolars, by correlating the mesiodistal size of lower incisors with the size of permanent canines and premolars. OBJECTIVE: This study intended to evaluate the applicability of the Moyer's probability tables for predicting the mesiodistal space needed for the correct location of premolars and permanent canines non-erupted, in adolescents of the city of Cordoba, Argentina, who show different facial biotypes...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566541/establishment-and-maintenance-of-aphid-endosymbionts-after-horizontal-transfer-is-dependent-on-host-genotype
#19
Benjamin J Parker, Ailsa H C McLean, Jan Hrček, Nicole M Gerardo, H Charles J Godfray
Animal-associated microbial communities have important effects on host phenotypes. Individuals within and among species differ in the strains and species of microbes that they harbour, but how natural selection shapes the distribution and abundance of symbionts in natural populations is not well understood. Symbionts can be beneficial in certain environments but also impose costs on their hosts. Consequently, individuals that can or cannot associate with symbionts will be favoured under different ecological circumstances...
May 2017: Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559883/relationship-between-pyruvate-kinase-activity-and-cariogenic-biofilm-formation-in-streptococcus-mutans-biotypes-in-caries-patients
#20
Wirginia Krzyściak, Monika Papież, Anna Jurczak, Dorota Kościelniak, Palina Vyhouskaya, Katarzyna Zagórska-Świeży, Anna Skalniak
Streptococcus mutans (MS) and its biotype I are the strains most frequently found in dental plaque of young children. Our results indicate that in children pyruvate kinase (PK) activity increases significantly in dental plaque, and this corresponds with caries progression. The MS strains isolated in this study or their main glycolytic metabolism connected with PK enzymes might be useful risk factors for studying the pathogenesis and target points of novel therapies for dental caries. The relationship between PK activity, cariogenic biofilm formation and selected biotypes occurrence was studied...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
keyword
keyword
84005
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"