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Qiang Lu, Guanghui Liu, Chuanli Xiao, Chuanzhen Hu, Shiwu Zhang, Ronald X Xu, Kaiqin Chu, Qianming Xu, Zachary J Smith
In this paper we report the development of a cost-effective, modular, open source, and fully automated slide-scanning microscope, composed entirely of easily available off-the-shelf parts, and capable of bright field and fluorescence modes. The automated X-Y stage is composed of two low-cost micrometer stages coupled to stepper motors operated in open-loop mode. The microscope is composed of a low-cost CMOS sensor and low-cost board lenses placed in a 4f configuration. The system has approximately 1 micron resolution, limited by the f/# of available board lenses...
2018: PloS One
Fred Sigernes, Mikko Syrjäsuo, Rune Storvold, João Fortuna, Mariusz Eivind Grøtte, Tor Arne Johansen
This study describes rapid prototype construction of small and lightweight push broom Hyper Spectral Imagers (HSI). The dispersive element housings are printed by a thermoplastic 3D printer combined with S-mount optical components and commercial off-the-shelf camera heads. Four models with a mass less than 200 g are presented with a spectral range in the visible to the near-infrared part of the electromagnetic spectrum. The bandpass is in the range from 1.4 - 5 nm. Three test experiments with motorized gimbals to stabilize attitude show that the instruments are capable of push broom spectral imaging from various platforms, including airborne drone to handheld operations...
March 5, 2018: Optics Express
Takuma Oide, Toru Abe, Takuo Suganuma
As smartphones and other small portable devices become more sophisticated and popular, opportunities for communication and information sharing among such device users have increased. In particular, since it is known that infrastructure-less device-to-device (D2D) communication platforms consisting only of such devices are excellent in terms of, for example, bandwidth efficiency, efforts are being made to merge their information sharing capabilities with conventional infrastructure. However, efficient multi-hop communication is difficult with the D2D communication protocol, and many conventional D2D communication platforms require modifications of the protocol and terminal operating systems (OSs)...
March 4, 2018: Sensors
Z Leguay, E Figueiredo, L Evrillus, V Jacques-Terracol, M Le Verger
INTRODUCTION: The choice of packaging is crucial for the sterility of a reusable medical device. The use-by dates for sterile barrier systems (SBSs) are currently determined solely on the basis of an empirical rating scale developed in 1985. The objective of our work is to validate in a scientific way this deadline for the use of SBS for heat-sealable sleeves and bags, with protective packaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty SBSs were tested after different storage periods ; six, nine and twelve months...
February 22, 2018: Annales Pharmaceutiques Françaises
Alejandro Gallego, Rory O'Hara Murray, Barbara Berx, William R Turrell, C J Beegle-Krause, Mark Inall, Toby Sherwin, John Siddorn, Sarah Wakelin, Vasyl Vlasenko, Lars R Hole, Knut Frode Dagestad, John Rees, Lucy Short, Petter Rønningen, Charlotte E Main, Sebastien Legrand, Tony Gutierrez, Ursula Witte, Nicole Mulanaphy
As oil reserves in established basins become depleted, exploration and production moves towards relatively unexploited areas, such as deep waters off the continental shelf. The Faroe-Shetland Channel (FSC, NE Atlantic) and adjacent areas have been subject to increased focus by the oil industry. In addition to extreme depths, metocean conditions in this region characterise an environment with high waves and strong winds, strong currents, complex circulation patterns, sharp density gradients, and large small- and mesoscale variability...
February 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
M Donzellini, C Lorini, S Palazzoni, M Becciolini, A Cibecchini, M Talini, G Bonaccorsi
BACKGROUND: Production and consumption of fresh mushrooms reached high levels in recent years but only a few data regarding microbiological quality of these products are available, although their potential microbial load is expected to be high. EU and Italian legislation have not set a limit on microbial counts in these products and label information is often unclear. This study investigates the microbial quality of samples of fresh cultivated mushrooms sold in Tuscany so that both food business operators and legislators can obtain data about potential microbial risk for consumers and debate about the opportunity of realizing an update on fresh mushrooms labels that should include information to protect consumers' health...
March 2018: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
Xiaocun Lu, Joshua S Katz, Adam Schmitt, Jeffrey S Moore
Compartmentalized structures widely exist in cellular systems (organelles) and perform essential functions in smart composite materials (microcapsules, vasculatures, and micelles) to provide localized functionality and enhance materials compatibility. An entirely water-free compartmentalization system is of significant value to the materials community as nonaqueous conditions are critical to packaging microcapsules with water-free hydrophilic payloads while avoiding energy-intensive drying steps. Few nonaqueous encapsulation techniques are known, especially when considering just the scalable processes that operate in batch mode...
February 19, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Olivier Javaudin, A Baillon, N Varin, C Martinaud, T Pouget, C Civadier, B Clavier, A Sailliol
BACKGROUND: Haemorrhagic shock remains the leading cause of preventable death in overseas and austere settings. Transfusion of blood components is critical in the management of this kind of injury. For French naval and ground military units, this supply often takes too long considering the short shelf-life of red blood cell concentrates (RBCs) and the limited duration of transport in cooling containers (five to six days). Air-drop supply could be an alternative to overcome these difficulties on the condition that air-drop does not cause damage to blood units...
February 12, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
Anas Z Abidin, Botao Deng, Adora M DSouza, Mahesh B Nagarajan, Paola Coan, Axel Wismüller
Phase contrast X-ray computed tomography (PCI-CT) has been demonstrated to be effective for visualization of the human cartilage matrix at micrometer resolution, thereby capturing osteoarthritis induced changes to chondrocyte organization. This study aims to systematically assess the efficacy of deep transfer learning methods for classifying between healthy and diseased tissue patterns. We extracted features from two different convolutional neural network architectures, CaffeNet and Inception-v3 for characterizing such patterns...
February 9, 2018: Computers in Biology and Medicine
Congqi Cao, Yifan Zhang, Chunjie Zhang, Hanqing Lu
3-D convolutional neural networks (3-D CNNs) have been established as a powerful tool to simultaneously learn features from both spatial and temporal dimensions, which is suitable to be applied to video-based action recognition. In this paper, we propose not to directly use the activations of fully connected layers of a 3-D CNN as the video feature, but to use selective convolutional layer activations to form a discriminative descriptor for video. It pools the feature on the convolutional layers under the guidance of body joint positions...
March 2018: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
Steven Sanders, Homer Tien, Jeannie Callum, Barto Nascimento, Henry Peng, Chris Funk, Joanne Schmid, Sandro Rizoli, Shawn Rhind, Andrew Beckett
Introduction: Hemorrhage is the most common cause of death among Special Operations Force (SOF) soldiers. Bringing remote damage control resuscitation into the far-forward combat environment is logistically challenging, as it requires blood products that generally require a robust cold chain. Alternatively, lyophilized products such as fibrinogen concentrate, which does not require thawing or blood group compatibility testing before use, might be advantageous in damage control resuscitation in the battlefield...
January 1, 2018: Military Medicine
Shawn Minnig, Robert M Bragg, Hardeep S Tiwana, Wes T Solem, William S Hovander, Eva-Mari S Vik, Madeline Hamilton, Samuel R W Legg, Dominic D Shuttleworth, Sydney R Coffey, Jeffrey P Cantle, Jeffrey B Carroll
Apathy is one of the most prevalent and progressive psychiatric symptoms in Huntington's disease (HD) patients. However, preclinical work in HD mouse models tends to focus on molecular and motor, rather than affective, phenotypes. Measuring behavior in mice often produces noisy data and requires large cohorts to detect phenotypic rescue with appropriate power. The operant equipment necessary for measuring affective phenotypes is typically expensive, proprietary to commercial entities, and bulky which can render adequately sized mouse cohorts as cost-prohibitive...
February 2, 2018: Scientific Reports
Ralph J Mobbs, Wen JieChoy, Peter Wilson, Aidan McEvoy, Kevin Phan, William C H Parr
BACKGROUND: Spine surgery has the potential to benefit from Additive Manufacturing / 3-Dimensional (3D) printing (3DP) technology with complex anatomical pathologies requiring reconstruction, with the potential to customise surgery to reduce operative times, reduce blood loss, provide immediate stability and potentially improve fusion rates. We report a unique case of intraoperative trial placement of a custom Patient Specific Implant (PSI) versus final implantation of a customisable Off-The-Shelf (OTS) implant...
January 20, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Dennis Laurijssen, Erik Verreycken, Inga Geipel, Walter Daems, Herbert Peremans, Jan Steckel
In this paper, we present a method for synchronizing high-speed audio and video recordings of bio-acoustic experiments. By embedding a random signal into the recorded video and audio data, robust synchronization of a diverse set of sensor streams can be performed without the need to keep detailed records. The synchronization can be performed using recording devices without dedicated synchronization inputs. We demonstrate the efficacy of the approach in two sets of experiments: behavioral experiments on different species of echolocating bats and the recordings of field crickets...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
Prachi Rastogi, Francisco Palazon, Mirko Prato, Francesco Di Stasio, Roman Krahne
The surface ligands on colloidal nanocrystals (NCs) play an important role in the performance of NCs based optoelectronic devices such as photovoltaic cells, photodetectors and light emitting diodes (LEDs). On one hand, the NC emission depends critically on the passivation of the surface to minimize trap states that can provide non-radiative recombination channels. On the other hand, the electrical properties of NC films are dominated by the ligands that constitute the barriers for charge transport from one NC to its neighbor...
January 22, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Tao Shang, Lu Tian, Dong-Lin Li, Zi-Heng Wu, Hong-Kun Zhang
OBJECTIVES: Endovascular repair of aortic arch pathologies remains challenging. Recently, needle based in situ fenestration (ISF) has shown great potential in endovascular total aortic arch repair (ETAAR). This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility, effectiveness, and safety of ETAAR via needle based ISF, and to present initial experience with this technique. DESIGN AND METHODS: Patients who met the inclusion criteria were enrolled in this prospective study. The supra-arch branches were manually punctured in a retrograde manner using liver biopsy needles (18 gauge/30 cm) in the left common carotid artery (LCCA) and brachiocephalic trunk (BCT), and endo-puncture system or aspiration biopsy needles (21-gauge) in the left subclavian artery (LSA)...
January 3, 2018: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Kiattisak Hongku, Björn Sonesson, Katarina Björses, Jan Holst, Timothy Resch, Nuno V Dias
OBJECTIVE: To assess the mid-term outcomes and feasibility of branched endovascular repair (b-EVAR) of ruptured thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (rTAAAs). METHODS: All patients undergoing b-EVAR of rTAAAs between 2011 and 2016 were included. Pre-, intra and postoperative imaging was reviewed to assess technical success, outcomes, and feasibility of b-EVAR in the emergent setting. RESULTS: Eleven emergency b-EVAR of rTAAAs (10 aneurysms and 1 chronic dissection) were performed using off-the-shelf (OTS) branched stentgrafts...
January 4, 2018: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Stewart M Edie, David Jablonski, James W Valentine
Taxonomic diversity of benthic marine invertebrate shelf species declines at present by nearly an order of magnitude from the tropics to the poles in each hemisphere along the latitudinal diversity gradient (LDG), most steeply along the western Pacific where shallow-sea diversity is at its tropical maximum. In the Bivalvia, a model system for macroevolution and macroecology, this taxonomic trend is accompanied by a decline in the number of functional groups and an increase in the evenness of taxa distributed among those groups, with maximum functional evenness (FE) in polar waters of both hemispheres...
January 5, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
M M Nikitin, N V Statsyuk, P A Frantsuzov, V G Dzhavakhiya, A G Golikov
AIM: Create a method for highly sensitive, selective, rapid, and easy-to-use detection and identification of economically significant potato pathogens, including viruses, bacteria and oomycetes, be it single pathogen, or a range of various pathogens occurring simultaneously. METHODS AND RESULTS: Test-systems for real-time PCR, operating in the unified amplification regime, have been developed for Phytophthora infestans, Pectobacterium atrosepticum, Dickeya dianthicola, Dickeya solani, Ralstonia solanacearum, Pectobacterium carotovorum, Clavibacter michiganensis subsp...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Applied Microbiology
Biao Yu
Naturally occurring glycans and glycoconjugates have extremely diverse structures and biological functions. Syntheses of these molecules and their artificial mimics, which have attracted the interest of those developing new therapeutic agents, rely on glycosylation methodologies to construct the various glycosidic linkages. In this regard, a wide array of glycosylation methods have been developed, and they mainly involve the substitution of a leaving group on the anomeric carbon of a glycosyl donor with an acceptor (a nucleophile) under the action of a particular promoter (usually a stoichiometric electrophile)...
January 3, 2018: Accounts of Chemical Research
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