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Shelf procedure

Sammy Krachunov, Alexander J Casson
Electroencephalography (EEG) is a procedure that records brain activity in a non-invasive manner. The cost and size of EEG devices has decreased in recent years, facilitating a growing interest in wearable EEG that can be used out-of-the-lab for a wide range of applications, from epilepsy diagnosis, to stroke rehabilitation, to Brain-Computer Interfaces (BCI). A major obstacle for these emerging applications is the wet electrodes, which are used as part of the EEG setup. These electrodes are attached to the human scalp using a conductive gel, which can be uncomfortable to the subject, causes skin irritation, and some gels have poor long-term stability...
October 2, 2016: Sensors
Benjamin W Starnes, Rachel E Heneghan, Billi Tatum
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to report midterm results of an ongoing physician-sponsored investigational device exemption pivotal clinical trial using physician-modified endovascular grafts (PMEGs) for treatment of patients with juxtarenal aortic aneurysms who are deemed unfit for open repair. METHODS: Data from a nonrandomized, prospective, consecutively enrolling investigational device exemption clinical trial were used. Data collection began on April 1, 2011, and data lock occurred on May 31, 2015, with outcomes analysis through December 31, 2015...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Anne Guro Vreim Holm, Olav Reikerås, Terje Terjesen
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to establish long-term outcome of the Spitzy shelf-operation and evaluate whether the procedure would delay osteoarthritis. METHODS: During 1954-1976, 56 patients (70 hips) underwent Spitzy shelf operation at a mean age of 11.9 years (5 to 22). Indications included residual hip dysplasia or subluxation with Centre-Edge angle < 20°. We used survival analysis with conversion to total hip replacements as end-point. For patients without total hip replacement, information was provided from case records and radiographs...
September 16, 2016: International Orthopaedics
Antonio Agresti, Sara Pescetelli, Babak Taheri, Antonio Esaù Del Rio Castillo, Lucio Cinà, Francesco Bonaccorso, Aldo Di Carlo
Interface engineering is performed by the addition of graphene and related 2 D materials (GRMs) into perovskite solar cells (PSCs), leading to improvements in the power conversion efficiency (PCE). By doping the mesoporous TiO2 layer with graphene flakes (mTiO2 +G), produced by liquid-phase exfoliation of pristine graphite, and by inserting graphene oxide (GO) as an interlayer between the perovskite and hole-transport layers, using a two-step deposition procedure in air, we achieved a PCE of 18.2 %. The obtained PCE value mainly results from improved charge-carrier injection/collection with respect to conventional PSCs...
September 22, 2016: ChemSusChem
Kim-Fatt Low, Zainiharyati Mohd Zain, Chan Yean Yean
A novel enzyme/nanoparticle-based DNA biosensing platform with dual colorimetric/electrochemical approach has been developed for the sequence-specific detection of the bacterium Vibrio cholerae, the causative agent of acute diarrheal disease in cholera. This assay platform exploits the use of shelf-stable and ready-to-use (shelf-ready) reagents to greatly simplify the bioanalysis procedures, allowing the assay platform to be more amenable to point-of-care applications. To assure maximum diagnosis reliability, an internal control (IC) capable of providing instant validation of results was incorporated into the assay...
August 20, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Nurudeen A Olasupo, Chimezie P Okorie, Folarin A Oguntoyinbo
Legumes and oil bean seeds used for the production of condiments in Africa are inedible in their natural state; they contain some anti-nutritional factors especially undigestible oligosaccharides and phytate. Fermentation impact desirable changes by reducing anti-nutritional factors and increasing digestibility. Ugba is an alkaline fermented African oil bean cotyledon (Pentaclethra macrophylla) produced by the Ibos and other ethnic groups in southern Nigeria. Seen as a family business in many homes, its preparation is in accordance with handed-down tradition from previous generations and serves as a cheap source of plant protein...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Peio Lopez-Iturri, Erik Aguirre, Leyre Azpilicueta, José Javier Astrain, Jesús Villadangos, Francisco Falcone
In this work, the performance of ISM 2.4 GHz Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) deployed in judo training venues is analyzed. Judo is a very popular martial art, which is practiced by thousands of people not only at the competition level, but also as part of physical education programs at different school levels. There is a great variety of judo training venues, and each one has specific morphological aspects, making them unique scenarios in terms of radio propagation due to the presence of furniture, columns, equipment and the presence of human beings, which is a major issue as the person density within this kind of scenarios could be high...
2016: Sensors
L Zhong, C Beaudette, J Guo, K Bozhilov, L Mangolini
We have found that the addition of tin nanoparticles to a silicon-based anode provides dramatic improvements in performance in terms of both charge capacity and cycling stability. Using a simple procedure and off-the-shelf additives and precursors, we developed a structure in which the tin nanoparticles are segregated at the interface between the silicon-containing active layer and the solid electrolyte interface. Even a minor addition of tin, as small as ∼2% by weight, results in a significant decrease in the anode resistance, as confirmed by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy...
2016: Scientific Reports
J Pazour, M Křivohlávek, R Lukáš
UNLABELLED: PURPOSE OF THE STUDY The aim of the study was to analyse the options for sustentacular screw placement in osteosynthesis of intra-articular fractures of the heel bone and to assess the effect of various screw positions on failure to maintain the reduction in the postoperative period. In addition, problems related to screw-end protrusion over the medial cortical bone or to screw penetration into the talocalcaneal joint were assessed. MATERIAL AND METHODS The group comprised 23 patients with a total of 25 intra-articular fractures of the heel bone treated by surgery...
2016: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
F Lambertini, D Catellani, M Vindigni, M Suman
Plasticizers may migrate from polyvinyl chloride (PVC) gaskets into the foodstuffs mainly by direct contact during the packaging and sterilization procedure, but also by means of occasional contacts occurring during shipment and storage. The present work reports a reliable liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) method able to quantify the main plasticizers used in the PVC closure gaskets for metal lids to verify their compliance in both food contact materials and foodstuffs. The atmospheric pressure chemical ionization in the positive ion mode resulted the best performing interface for the multiresidual detection of the plasticizers taken into account, followed by selected/multiple reaction monitoring, selected ion monitoring or full scan experiments, depending on the compounds to detect...
September 2016: Journal of Mass Spectrometry: JMS
André Kling, Claire Chatelle, Lucas Armbrecht, Edvina Qelibari, Jochen Kieninger, Can Dincer, Wilfried Weber, Gerald Urban
The excessive use of antibiotics in human and veterinary medicine causes the emergence of multidrug resistant bacteria. In this context, the surveillance of many different antibiotics provokes a worldwide challenge. Hence, fast and versatile multianalyte single-use biosensors are of increasing interest for many fields such as medical analysis or environmental and food control. Here we present a microfluidic platform enabling the electrochemical readout of up to eight enzyme-linked assays (ELAs), simultaneously...
October 18, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Marie F A Cutiongco, Marek Kukumberg, Jonnathan L Peneyra, Matthew S Yeo, Jia Y Yao, Abdul Jalil Rufaihah, Catherine Le Visage, Jackie Pei Ho, Evelyn K F Yim
Microvascular surgery is becoming a prevalent surgical practice. Replantation, hand reconstruction, orthopedic, and free tissue transfer procedures all rely on microvascular surgery for the repair of venous and arterial defects at the millimeter and submillimeter levels. Often, a vascular graft is required for the procedure as a means to bridge the gap between native arteries. While autologous vessels are desired for their bioactivity and non-thrombogenicity, the tedious harvest process, lack of availability, and caliber or mechanical mismatch contribute to graft failure...
2016: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
Lauren K Hudson, Mark A Harrison, Mark E Berrang, Deana R Jones
Commercial table eggs are washed prior to packaging. Standard wash procedures use an alkaline pH and warm water. If a cool water method could be developed that would still provide a microbiologically safe egg, the industry may save energy costs associated with water heating. Four wash procedures were evaluated for Salmonella reduction: pH 11 at 48.9°C (industry standard), pH 11 at ambient temperature (∼20°C), pH 6 at 48.9°C, and pH 6 at ambient temperature. Alkaline washes contained potassium hydroxide-based detergent, while pH 6 washes contained approximately 200 ppm of chlorine and a proprietary chlorine stabilizer (T-128)...
July 2016: Journal of Food Protection
Nityananda Sahu, Gurmeet Singh, Apurba Nandi, Shridhar R Gadre
Owing to the steep scaling behavior, highly accurate CCSD(T) calculations, the contemporary gold standard of quantum chemistry, are prohibitively difficult for moderate- and large-sized water clusters even with the high-end hardware. The molecular tailoring approach (MTA), a fragmentation-based technique is found to be useful for enabling such high-level ab initio calculations. The present work reports the CCSD(T) level binding energies of many low-lying isomers of large (H2O)n (n = 16, 17, and 25) clusters employing aug-cc-pVDZ and aug-cc-pVTZ basis sets within the MTA framework...
July 21, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
Dayong Wang, Charles Otto, Anil K Jain
rsons of interest among the billions of shared photos on these websites. Despite significant progress in face recognition, searching a large collection of unconstrained face images remains a difficult problem. To address this challenge, we propose a face search system which combines a fast search procedure, coupled with a state-of-the-art commercial off the shelf (COTS) matcher, in a cascaded framework. Given a probe face, we first filter the large gallery of photos to find the top-k most similar faces using features learned by a convolutional neural network...
June 20, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
Karen A M O' Callaghan, Dmitri B Papkovsky, Joseph P Kerry
The establishment and control of oxygen levels in packs of oxygen-sensitive food products such as cheese is imperative in order to maintain product quality over a determined shelf life. Oxygen sensors quantify oxygen concentrations within packaging using a reversible optical measurement process, and this non-destructive nature ensures the entire supply chain can be monitored and can assist in pinpointing negative issues pertaining to product packaging. This study was carried out in a commercial cheese packaging plant and involved the insertion of 768 sensors into 384 flow-wrapped cheese packs (two sensors per pack) that were flushed with 100% carbon dioxide prior to sealing...
2016: Sensors
Suming Chen, Qiongqiong Wan, Abraham K Badu-Tawiah
The identification of new photocatalytic pathways expands our knowledge of chemical reactivity and enables new environmentally friendly synthetic applications. However, the development of miniaturized screening procedures/platforms to expedite the discovery of photochemical reactions remains challenging. Herein, we describe a picomole-scale, real-time photoreaction screening platform in which a handheld laser source is coupled with nano-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. By using this method, we discovered an accelerated dehydrogenation pathway for the conversion of tetrahydroquinolines into the corresponding quinolines...
August 1, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
David E Timaran, Martyn Knowles, Marilisa Soto-Gonzalez, J Gregory Modrall, Shirling Tsai, Melissa Kirkwood, John Rectenwald, Carlos H Timaran
BACKGROUND: The role of gender on perioperative outcomes after fenestrated endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (FEVAR) has not been established. The aim of this study is to determine the effect of gender on perioperative outcomes after FEVAR for complex abdominal aortic aneurysms using premanufactured devices. METHODS: During a 2-year period, 79 patients (63 men [80%] and 16 women [20%]) underwent FEVAR using Zenith Fenestrated AAA Endovascular Grafts, investigational Zenith pivot branch (p-branch) devices and fenestrated custom-made devices...
June 14, 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Georgios Hatzichristodoulou
Peyronie's disease (PD) is a benign fibrotic condition of the penile tunica albuginea. PD can be associated with penile pain, curvature, shortening, and erectile dysfunction (ED). The predominant and most bothersome symptom in affected patients is penile curvature, which can lead to inability to have sexual intercourse. In such cases, surgical correction of the curvature may be required. Plication techniques to correct curvature can cause penile shortening and therefore are generally reserved for curvatures <60°...
June 2016: Translational Andrology and Urology
Ryan Viator, Susan Alles, Quynh-Nhi Le, Edan Hosking, Evan Meister, Lisa Pinkava, Eric Tovar, Mark Mozola, Jennifer Rice
A performance validation of the ANSR(®) for E. coli O157:H7 method was conducted in selected food matrixes. This assay uses selective nicking enzyme amplification technology to amplify target genes. Samples are enriched for 12-24 h and then lysed. The assay is completed within 40 min using real-time detection in a combination incubator/fluorescence detector and software. When 44 distinct strains of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and 6 strains of E. coli O157:NM were tested for inclusivity, all 50 strains produced positive results...
May 2016: Journal of AOAC International
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