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Pediatric cardiology echocardiography

Kenny K Wong, Anne Fournier, Deborah S Fruitman, Lisa Graves, Derek G Human, Michael Narvey, Jennifer L Russell
Congenital heart disease is the most common congenital malformation and approximately 3 in 1000 newborns have critical congenital heart disease (CCHD). Timely diagnosis affects morbidity, mortality, and disability, and newborn pulse oximetry screening has been studied to enhance detection of CCHD. In this position statement we present an evaluation of the literature for pulse oximetry screening. Current detection strategies including prenatal ultrasound examination and newborn physical examination are limited by low diagnostic sensitivity...
October 26, 2016: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
Julianna Brown, Brian Holland
BACKGROUND: Prenatal diagnosis of complex congenital heart disease (CHD) has been shown to improve newborn outcomes. The rate of prenatal diagnosis and access to fetal echocardiography vary widely across the United States. INTRODUCTION: A clinical fetal tele-echo service was established at King's Daughters Medical Center (KDMC) in Ashland, KY, a region in eastern Kentucky that is 3 h from the nearest congenital heart surgeon. The aim of this study was to determine if fetal tele-echo utilizing local sonographers at a small regional hospital can accurately and efficiently identify fetuses with complex CHD...
November 18, 2016: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
Ahmad S Azhar
OBJECTIVES: To assess the safety and effectiveness of transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) in monitoring transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect (ASD), in comparison with conventional technique using transesophageal echocardiography (TEE).  Methods: A retrospective review of all cases of transcatheter closure of isolated ostium secundum ASDs operated from 2005 to 2015, at the Pediatric Interventional Cardiology Department, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia...
November 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
Ana L Neves, Tiago Henriques-Coelho, Adelino Leite-Moreira, José C Areias
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to evaluate the clinical utility of brain natriuretic peptide in pediatric patients, examining the diagnostic value, management, and prognostic relevance, by critical assessment of the literature. DATA SOURCES: In December 2015, a literature search was performed (PubMed access to MEDLINE citations; and included these Medical Subject Headings and text terms for the key words: "brain natriuretic peptide," "amino-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide," "children," "neonate/s," "newborn/s," "infant/s," and "echocardiography...
November 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Jara E Jonker, Eryn T Liem, Nynke J Elzenga, Bouwe Molenbuur, Monika Trzpis, Paul M A Broens
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of congenital heart defects (CHDs) in patients with mild or severe congenital anorectal malformations (CARMs), and whether all patients with CARM need pediatric cardiology screening. STUDY DESIGN: We included 129 patients with CARM born between 2004 and 2013, and referred to University Medical Center Groningen. Recto-perineal and recto-vestibular fistulas were classified as mild CARMs, all others as severe. Significant patent foramen ovale, secundum atrial septal defect, and small ventricular septum defect were classified as minor CHDs, all others as major...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
Shaad Abqari, Akash Gupta, Tabassum Shahab, M U Rabbani, S Manazir Ali, Uzma Firdaus
INTRODUCTION: Congenital heart defects (CHDs) are an important cause of mortality and morbidity in children representing a major global health burden. It is thus important to determine their prevalence and spectrum and identify risk factors associated with the development of heart defects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A case-control study was carried out in the Department of Pediatrics and Center of Cardiology, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India, from February 2014 to August 2015...
September 2016: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Francesco Raimondi, Salvatore Porzio, Luigi Balestriere, Pasquale Esposito, Alfredo Santantonio, Ferdinando Spagnuolo, Antonietta Giannattasio, Letizia Capasso, Francesco de Leva
Targeted echocardiography has been promoted by neonatologists in recent years but some aspects of its efficacy remain unexplored. We carried out a survey among trainees of targeted echocardiography courses in order to describe their professional characteristics and abilities. Thirty-eight former trainees were included in the survey. Seventy-six percent were experienced neonatologists and 84% practiced other bedside ultrasound diagnostics. Respondents practiced all major indications of targeted echocardiography, with a variable degree of interaction with available Cardiology services...
June 8, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Y F Li, Y F Li, Z F Xie, X Zhang, S S Wang, Z W Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of applying AMPLATZER Vascular Plug Ⅱ (AVP Ⅱ) in transcatheter closure of congenital coronary artery fistula in children. METHOD: Transcatheter closure procedure applying AVP Ⅱ was carried out in 7 patients (3 males and 4 females, age 1.2-12.0 years) with congenital coronary artery fistula between May 2014 and September 2015 in Pediatric Cardiology Department of Guangdong Cardiovascular Institute. Selective coronary artery angiography and aortic root angiography were performed after the release of the device to evaluate the immediate therapeutic effect...
June 2, 2016: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
Lillian S W Lai, Andrew N Redington, Andreas J Reinisch, Michael J Unterberger, Andreas J Schriefl
OBJECTIVE: Computer-aided auscultation in the differentiation of pathologic (AHA class I) from no or innocent murmurs (AHA class III) would be of great value to the general practitioner. This would allow objective screening for structural heart disease, standardized documentation of auscultation findings, and may avoid unnecessary referrals to pediatric cardiologists. Our goal was to assess the quality of a novel computerized algorithm that automatically classifies murmurs in phonocardiograms (PCGs) acquired in a pediatric population...
September 2016: Congenital Heart Disease
Scott R Ceresnak, David M Axelrod, Kara S Motonaga, Emily R Johnson, Catherine D Krawczeski
The transition from residency to subspecialty fellowship in a procedurally driven field such as pediatric cardiology is challenging for trainees. We describe and assess the educational value of a pediatric cardiology "boot camp" educational tool designed to help prepare trainees for cardiology fellowship. A two-day intensive training program was provided for pediatric cardiology fellows in July 2015 at a large fellowship training program. Hands-on experiences and simulations were provided in: anatomy, auscultation, echocardiography, catheterization, cardiovascular intensive care (CVICU), electrophysiology (EP), heart failure, and cardiac surgery...
June 2016: Pediatric Cardiology
Marcelo Rodríguez, Jose Moreno, Rolando Márquez, Ricardo Eltit, Felipe Martinez, Alvaro Sepúlveda-Martínez, Mauro Parra-Cordero
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the fetal mechanical PR interval in fetuses from pregnancies with intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP). METHODS: A case-control study was conducted in the Maternal-Fetal Medicine Unit at Hospital Carlos Van Buren between 2011 and 2013. Fetal echocardiography was performed in patients with ICP and normal pregnancies. Demographic and clinical characteristics were compared using the Mann-Whitney U test for continuous variables. A p value <0...
2016: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
John L Colquitt, Ricardo H Pignatelli
Speckle tracking echocardiography measures myocardial strain and allows for the quantification of regional and global left and right ventricular function. A growing body of literature is supporting its transition from research into clinical practice. This article aims to provide a practical review of strain imaging as it applies to congenital and pediatric heart disease, with the goals of increasing literacy and advocating for greater clinical integration.
March 2016: Congenital Heart Disease
Stephanie L Santoro, Lisa J Martin, Stephen I Pleatman, Robert J Hopkin
OBJECTIVES: To assess adherence to the 2011 American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) health supervision guidelines for Down syndrome, to determine whether pediatrician education improves adherence, and to evaluate stakeholder attitudes toward these guidelines. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty-two pediatric care sites participated in chart review of adherence to the components of the AAP guidelines for Down syndrome in this longitudinal cohort study. We analyzed universal recommendations which apply to all children with Down syndrome...
April 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
Yong Joo Kim, Eun Jung Shin, Nam Su Kim, Young Ho Lee, Eun Woo Nam
PURPOSE: Pediatric chest pain is considered to be idiopathic or caused by benign diseases. This study was to find out how much upper gastrointestinal (UGI) diseases are major causes of chest pain in pediatric patients. METHODS: The records of 75 children (42 boys and 33 girls, aged 3-17 years old) who have presented with mainly chest pain from January 1995 to March 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Chest X-ray and electrocardiography (ECG) were performed in all aptients...
December 2015: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
Carman Wing Sze Lai, Adolphus Kai Tung Chau, Chin Peng Lee
AIM: The diagnostic accuracy of fetal echocardiogram performed by an obstetrician alone and that performed jointly by an obstetrician and pediatric cardiologist for congenital heart disease were compared. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All cases of suspected fetal congenital heart disease (CHD) referred to the Prenatal Diagnostic Clinic at Tsan Yuk Hospital, Hong Kong during 2006-2011 were reviewed. Prenatal fetal echocardiogram findings were compared with postnatal diagnosis...
February 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Taliha Öner, Rahmi Özdemir, Barış Güven, Murat Muhtar Yılmazer, Önder Doksöz, Timur Meşe, Vedide Tavlı
OBJECTIVE: An arterial switch operation converts the left ventricle (LV) into the systemic ventricle, replacing the right ventricle (RV), which is the systemic ventricle during the prenatal period. The procedure is performed in patients with arterial transposition and those in whom a coronary reimplantation procedure is performed. Therefore, the adaptation of LV and RV to the arterial switch operations is an interesting issue. This study aimed to evaluate systolic and diastolic functions in the LV and RV myocardium using echocardiography in pediatric patients with transposed great arteries after an arterial switch operation...
January 2016: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
Gabriella Captur, Petros Syrris, Chinwe Obianyo, Giuseppe Limongelli, James C Moon
Adult and pediatric cardiologists are familiar with variation in cardiac trabeculation. Abnormal trabeculation is a key feature of left ventricular noncompaction, but it is also common in congenital heart diseases and in cardiomyopathies (dilated and hypertrophied). Trabeculae might be a measurable phenotypic marker that will allow insights into how cardiomyopathy and congenital heart disease arise and develop. This will require the linking together of clinical and preclinical information (such as embryology and genetics), with new analysis methods for trabecular quantitation...
November 2015: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
Shubhika Srivastava, Beth F Printz, Tal Geva, Girish S Shirali, Paul M Weinberg, Pierre C Wong, Peter Lang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2015: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Ritu Sachdeva, Joseph Allen, Oscar J Benavidez, Robert M Campbell, Pamela S Douglas, Benjamin W Eidem, Lara Gold, Michael S Kelleman, Leo Lopez, Courtney E McCracken, Kenan W D Stern, Rory B Weiner, Elizabeth Welch, Wyman W Lai
BACKGROUND: Recently published appropriate use criteria (AUC) for initial pediatric outpatient transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) have not yet been evaluated for clinical applicability. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the appropriateness of TTE as currently performed in pediatric cardiology clinics, diagnostic yield of TTE for various AUC indications, and any gaps in the AUC document. METHODS: Data were prospectively collected from patients undergoing initial outpatient TTE in 6 centers...
September 8, 2015: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Tiziana Serena, Enrico Valerio, Biagio Castaldi, Elena Reffo, Ornella Milanesi
We describe a case of 17-year-old Chinese girl referred to our Pediatric Cardiology Unit for asthenia, reduced exercise tolerance, and dyspnea. Past medical history was relevant for multiple chest pain episodes in childhood and several syncopal episodes, for which the patient had been never evaluated. Clinical examination, electrocardiogram, and echocardiography were compatible with Williams-Beuren syndrome; such condition was later confirmed by genetic analysis. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging showed transmural fibrosis of the apex with impaired left ventricular ejection fraction (29 %), severe stenosis of aortic sinotubular junction with left and right coronary ostia involvement; more importantly, the whole coronary artery tree beyond ostia was affected by multiple stenosis and aneurysmatic tracts...
2015: SpringerPlus
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