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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937849/neurodynamic-mobilization-in-a-collegiate-long-jumper-with-exercise-induced-lateral-leg-and-ankle-pain-a-case-report
#1
Terry Cox, Tom Sneed, Herb Hamann
STUDY DESIGN: Case Report. BACKGROUND: The purpose of this case report is to describe nerve mobilization in the treatment of lower extremity neuropathic pain in a female collegiate long jumper. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 21 year-old long jumper presented 7 months after onset of ankle and leg pain. She complained of "aching" pain over the lateral ankle, radiating proximally to just superior to the lateral knee. Neurodynamic testing of the sural and superficial branch of the fibular nerves was positive...
September 22, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937803/hip-arthroscopy-for-femoroacetabular-impingement-in-a-military-population
#2
Darren D Thomas, Andrew S Bernhardson, Ethan Bernstein, Christopher B Dewing
BACKGROUND: Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) can lead to hip pain and early joint degeneration. There have been few reports to date on the outcomes of hip arthroscopy for the treatment of FAI in the military population. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to compare patient demographics with postoperative outcomes after hip arthroscopy for symptomatic FAI and to identify preoperative risk factors for poor outcomes. The hypothesis was that certain preoperative patient characteristics will be predictive of poorer outcomes and that lower outcomes scores will be associated with a higher likelihood of medical separation from the military...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937801/clinical-implications-of-hand-position-and-lower-limb-length-measurement-method-on-y-balance-test-scores-and-interpretation
#3
Kim Hébert-Losier
CONTEXT:   The Lower Quarter Y-Balance Test (LQ-YBT) was developed to provide an effective and efficient screen for injury risk in sports. Earlier protocol recommendations for the LQ-YBT involved the athlete placing the hands on the hips and the clinician normalizing scores to lower limb length measured from the anterior-superior iliac spine to the lateral malleolus. The updated LQ-YBT protocol recommends the athlete's hands be free moving and the clinician measure lower limb length to the medial malleolus...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935680/cardiac-events-during-competitive-recreational-and-daily-activities-in-children-and-adolescents-with-long-qt-syndrome
#4
Kristina D Chambers, Virginie Beausejour Ladouceur, Mark E Alexander, Robyn J Hylind, Laura Bevilacqua, Douglas Y Mah, Vassilios Bezzerides, John K Triedman, Edward P Walsh, Dominic J Abrams
BACKGROUND: The 2005 Bethesda Conference Guidelines advise patients with long QT syndrome against competitive sports. We assessed cardiac event rates during competitive and recreational sports, and daily activities among treated long QT syndrome patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Long QT syndrome patients aged ≥4 years treated with anti-adrenergic therapy were included. Demographics included mechanism of presentation, corrected QT interval pretreatment, symptom history, medication compliance, and administration of QT-prolonging medications...
September 21, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935224/the-test-retest-reliability-of-three-computerized-neurocognitive-tests-used-in-the-assessment-of-sport-concussion
#5
Jacob E Resch, Mathew Schneider, C Munro Cullum
Computerized neurocognitive tests (CNTs) are widely used at all competitive levels of sport to assess sport concussion (SC). Whereas there are multiple CNTs available, little is known about how some of the most popular platforms compare. The purpose of this study was to investigate the test-retest reliability of the Automated Neuropsychological Assessment Metrics (ANAM), Concussion Vital Signs (CVS) and the Immediate Postconcussion and Cognitive Testing battery (ImPACT) using clinically relevant time points in healthy college-age participants...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933713/adaptations-associated-with-an-after-school-strength-and-conditioning-program-in-middle-school-aged-boys-a-quasi-experimental-design
#6
Brennan J Thompson, Matt S Stock, Jacob A Mota, Alexander S Drusch, Ryan N DeFranco, Tyler R Cook, Matthew A Hamm
Thompson, BJ, Stock, MS, Mota, JA, Drusch, AS, DeFranco, RN, Cook, TR, and Hamm, MA. Adaptations associated with an after-school strength and conditioning program in middle-school aged boys: a quasi-experimental design. J Strength Cond Res 31(10): 2840-2851, 2017-High-intensity strength and conditioning programs aimed at improving youth performance are becoming increasingly prevalent. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a 16-week after-school strength and conditioning program on performance and body composition in middle-school-aged boys...
October 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933710/elite-youth-soccer-players-physiological-responses-time-motion-characteristics-and-game-performance-in-4-vs-4-small-sided-games-the-influence-of-coach-feedback
#7
Mirko Brandes, Sebastian Elvers
Brandes, M and Elvers, S. Elite youth soccer players' physiological responses, time-motion characteristics, and game performance in 4 vs. 4 small-sided games: the influence of coach feedback. J Strength Cond Res 31(10): 2652-2658, 2017-The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of mild vs. strongly pushed coach feedback on the physiological response, ratio of perceived exertion (RPE), and time-motion characteristics in soccer training with small-sided games (SSGs). Sixteen elite youth soccer players (aged 17...
October 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933611/optimal-frequency-time-combination-of-whole-body-vibration-training-for-developing-physical-performance-of-people-with-sarcopenia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Ning Wei, Marco Yc Pang, Shamay Sm Ng, Gabriel Yf Ng
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether frequency and exposure time to whole body vibration influenced its effects on physical performance in seniors with sarcopenia. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial Setting: A university sports training laboratory. SUBJECTS: Eighty community dwelling seniors with sarcopenia were recruited. INTERVENTIONS: Participants were randomly divided into 4 groups, namely, low-frequency (LG: 20Hz x 720s), medium-frequency (MG: 40Hz x 360s), high-frequency (HG: 60Hz x 240s) and control (CG: no extra training) for 12 weeks of whole body vibration training and 12 weeks of follow-up...
October 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932159/the-use-of-performance-enhancing-substances-doping-by-athletes-in-saudi-arabia
#9
Mohammed Al Ghobain
BACKGROUND: Data on doping violation in Saudi Arabia are scarce. Our aim was to investigate the Saudi experience of anti-doping and review all positive samples and adverse analytical findings (AAFs) of Saudi athletes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study analyzed databases of the Saudi Arabian Anti-Doping Committee from 2008 to May 2016. The samples originated from various sporting events and were collected in and outside sport competitions. The substances investigated were those included in the annual lists of prohibited substances produced by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA)...
September 2017: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931992/knee-injury-and-osteoarthritis-outcome-score-of-korean-national-ice-hockey-players
#10
Hyeyoung Kim, Sujin Hwang, Byoung-Hee Lee
[Purpose] To investigate sports injuries in Korean national ice hockey players by surveying parts, times, types, frequency, cure, and prevention types of sports injuries and provide basic data for injury prevention and performance improvement of ice hockey players. Another purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence of ice hockey injuries according to age and the relationship between etiological factors and injuries in high school students. [Subjects and Methods] This was a cross-sectional study. Eighteen female ice hockey players in Korean elite athletes were recruited for this study...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931987/enhancement-of-motor-skill-learning-by-a-combination-of-ideal-model-observation-and-self-observation
#11
Hitomi Nishizawa, Teiji Kimura
[Purpose] In sports physical therapy, video of a patient's movement or of a skilled model's movement has been used as observational learning methods for injury prevention and movement modification. Positive effects of model video observation have been reported. This study aimed to clarify the effect on motor skill learning using a combination of model-observation and self-observation, which is thought to act as an enhanced method for active error detection by comparing model-observation and self-observation alone for acquisition of correct sports movement...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930877/the-impact-of-exercise-induced-muscle-damage-on-performance-test-outcomes-in-elite-female-basketball-players
#12
Kenji Doma, Anthony Leicht, Wade Sinclair, Moritz Schumann, Felipe Damas, Dean Burt, Carl Woods
The purpose of this study was two-fold. First, to examine the impact exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) on physical fitness qualities following a basketball-specific training session. Secondly, to determine the reproducibility of the sport-specific performance measures in elite female basketball players. Ten elite female basketball players (age 25.6 ± 4.5 years; height 1.8 ± 0.7m; body mass 76.7 ± 8.3kg) undertook a 90-minute training session involving repeated jumping, sprinting and game-simulated training...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930873/preseason-functional-test-scores-are-associated-with-future-sports-injury-in-female-collegiate-athletes
#13
Jason Brumitt, Bryan Heiderscheit, Robert Manske, Paul E Niemuth, Alma Mattocks, Mitchell J Rauh
Recent prospective cohort studies have reported preseason functional performance test (FPT) measures and associations with future risk of injury; however, the findings associated with these studies have been equivocal. The purpose of this study was to determine the ability of a battery of FPTs as a preseason screening tool to identify female Division III (D III) collegiate athletes who may be at risk for a non-contact time-loss injury to the lower quadrant [LQ = low back and lower extremities]. One hundred six female D III athletes were recruited for this study...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930872/improving-vertical-jump-profiles-through-prescribed-movement-plans
#14
John K Mayberry, Bryce Patterson, Phil Wagner
Developing practical, reliable, and valid methods for monitoring athlete wellness and injury risk is an important goal for trainers, athletes, and coaches. Previous studies have shown that the countermovement vertical jump test (CMJ) is both a reliable and valid metric for evaluating an athlete's condition. This study examines the effectiveness of prescribed workouts on improving quality of movement during CMJ. The dataset consists of 2425 pairs of CMJ scans for high school, college, and professional athletes training at a privately owned facility...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926505/do-all-clavicle-fractures-in-children-need-to-be-managed-by-orthopedic-surgeons
#15
John Adamich, Andrew Howard, Mark Camp
OBJECTIVES: Although many uncomplicated pediatric fractures do not require routine long-term follow-up with an orthopedic surgeon, practitioners with limited experience dealing with pediatric fractures will often defer to a strategy of frequent clinical and radiographic follow-up. Development of an evidence-based clinical care pathway can help unnecessary radiation exposure to this patient population and reduce costs to patient families and the health care system. METHODS: A retrospective analysis including patients who presented to the Hospital for Sick Children (SickKids) for management of clavicle fractures was performed...
September 18, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926327/long-term-outcomes-of-the-calcaneo-stop-procedure-in-the-treatment-of-flexible-flatfoot-in-children-a-retrospective-study
#16
Francisca Pinho Costa, Gilberto Costa, Manuel Santos Carvalho, António Mendes Moura, Rui Pinto, João Torres
INTRODUCTION: Flexible flatfoot is common amongst children, although treatment is rarely indicated. The calcaneo-stop procedure has been reported to be effective in short-term studies. We aim to evaluate the long-term outcomes of the calcaneo-stop procedure in the treatment of flexible flatfoot in children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-six calcaneo-stop procedures performed between 1995 and 2006 on 13 patients were evaluated clinically and using photopodoscopy, and the FAOS questionnaire was applied for both feet...
August 31, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924423/vegan-diets-practical-advice-for-athletes-and-exercisers
#17
REVIEW
David Rogerson
With the growth of social media as a platform to share information, veganism is becoming more visible, and could be becoming more accepted in sports and in the health and fitness industry. However, to date, there appears to be a lack of literature that discusses how to manage vegan diets for athletic purposes. This article attempted to review literature in order to provide recommendations for how to construct a vegan diet for athletes and exercisers. While little data could be found in the sports nutrition literature specifically, it was revealed elsewhere that veganism creates challenges that need to be accounted for when designing a nutritious diet...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924314/comparison-between-standing-broad-jump-test-and-wingate-test-for-assessing-lower-limb-anaerobic-power-in-elite-sportsmen
#18
Anup Krishnan, Deep Sharma, Madhu Bhatt, Apoorv Dixit, P Pradeep
BACKGROUND: Lower limb explosive power is an important motor quality for sporting performance and indicates use of anaerobic energy systems like stored ATP and Creatine phosphate system. Weightlifting, Fencing and Wrestling use it for monitoring and identification of potential sportsmen. The Wingate test and Standing Broad Jump (SBJ) test are reliable and accurate tests for its assessment. This study conducted on elite Indian sportsmen tries to analyse feasibility of use of the SBJ test in sports and military medicine when Wingate test is impractical...
April 2017: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923517/bicycle-helmet-use-patterns-in-italy-a-description-and-analysis-of-survey-data-from-an-italian-friends-of-cycling-association
#19
Ioana Popa, Ottavia E Ferraro, Chiara Orsi, Anna Morandi, Cristina Montomoli
Cycling is becoming one of the most popular forms of recreation and transport the world over, but cyclists still have a high level of vulnerability. A bicycle helmet is an important safety device available to cyclists, but little is known regarding possible determinants of helmet use among adults. This study aims at providing information on helmet usage patterns in Italy and identifying the factors associated with bicycle helmet use. Data on 2072 bicycle riders from an Italian friends of cycling association aged 18 years or older who had ridden a bicycle in the last month were collected using an ad-hoc questionnaire via the web...
September 15, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922212/equity-of-physical-characteristics-between-adolescent-males-and-females-participating-in-single-or-mixed-gender-sport
#20
L M Krause, G A Naughton, A C Benson, S Tibbert
PURPOSE: Policies on single or mixed sex junior sports participation continue to be challenged publically and legally. Often challenges relate to perceptions of size and performance variability between adolescent males and females, yet the evidence base behind these challenges lacks recent review and rigor. METHODS: Physical performance was compared between males and females from two groups of younger (<13 years, n = 109, 67% females, 33% males) and older (>13 years, n = 108, 43% females, 57% males) adolescents...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
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