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Dental Quality

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818059/influence-of-sense-of-coherence-on-adolescents-self-perceived-dental-aesthetics-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Aline Cavalcanti da Costa, Fabrícia Soares Rodrigues, Priscila Prosini da Fonte, Aronita Rosenblatt, Nicola Patricia Thérèse Innes, Mônica Vilela Heimer
BACKGROUND: Sense of coherence (SOC) is a psychosocial factor capable of influencing perception of health, improving one's ability to manage life. It is the central construct of salutogenesis. SOC allows for identification and mobilization of resources to effectively manage or solve problems, promoting health and quality of life. Using Wilson-Cleary's conceptual model we hypothesized that SOC might contribute to self-perception of dental aesthetics. The aim of this study was to investigate whether SOC levels were related to self-perception of dental aesthetics against assessed normative orthodontic treatment need among adolescents...
August 17, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815260/-improving-the-teaching-quality-by-multiple-tools-and-technology-in-oral-histopathology-experimental-course
#2
Zhen Tian, Li-Zhen Wang, Yu-Hua Hu, Chun-Ye Zhang, Jiang Li
PURPOSES: Oral histopathology is a course which needs to be combined with theory and practice closely. Experimental course plays an important role in teaching oral histopathology. Here, we aim to explore a series of effective measures to improve the teaching quality of experimental course and tried to train observation, thinking, analysis and problem solving skills of dental students. METHODS: We re-edited and updated the experimental textbook "guidelines of experimental course of oral histopathology", and published the reference book for experimental course--"color pocket atlas of oral histopathology: experiment and diadactic teaching"...
April 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814181/full-mouth-intraoral-radiographic-survey-in-rabbits
#3
Adriana Regalado, Loïc Legendre
Dental pathologies are highly prevalent in pet rabbit populations, making oral radiography an essential tool in the evaluation of lagomorph dentitions. The unique anatomy of the rabbit's mouth limits the examination of the conscious animal to the rostral portion of it's mouth. In addition, the oral examination of an aradicular hypsodont tooth is restricted to the short coronal fraction of its crown. Erstwhile images obtained by the extraoral technique were once considered the most practical and informative tool in rabbit dentistry; however, limited visualization of the key structures of individual teeth became the major drawback of this technique...
September 2017: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806431/association-between-personality-traits-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Javier Montero, Cristina Gómez-Polo
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among subjects with typical, atypically positive, and atypically negative personality trait scores within the five basic dimensions of personality (neuroticism, extroversion, openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 235 subjects not seeking dental treatment were recruited from the families and acquaintances of dental students from the University of Salamanca...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806425/impact-of-different-surgeons-on-dental-implant-failure
#5
Bruno Ramos Chrcanovic, Jenö Kisch, Tomas Albrektsson, Ann Wennerberg
PURPOSE: To assess the influence of several factors on the prevalence of dental implant failure, with special consideration of the placement of implants by different dental surgeons. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study is based on 2,670 patients who received 10,096 implants at one specialist clinic. Only the data of patients and implants treated by surgeons who had inserted a minimum of 200 implants at the clinic were included. Kaplan-Meier curves were stratified with respect to the individual surgeon...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806115/-combined-treatment-of-avulsion-of-maxillary-central-incisors
#6
Katalin Vajda, Gergő Fekecs, Zsófia Muzsek
Avulsion of the permanent teeth is one of the most serious forms of traumatic dental injuries, which endangers the patients' quality of life. Therefore, the fast and proper treatment is crucial. In this case report we will discuss the supportive and definitive functional treatment and correct rehabilitation. The traumatic force can cause complex oral and maxillofacial injuries, which comprehensive treatment constitutes a major challenge for the dentist. Here we review functional restoration of dental injuries and their definitive aesthetic solution...
August 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803419/specific-periodontopathic-bacterial-infection-affects-hypertension-in-male-cardiovascular-disease-patients
#7
Norio Aoyama, Jun-Ichi Suzuki, Hidetoshi Kumagai, Yuichi Ikeda, Hiroshi Akazawa, Issei Komuro, Masato Minabe, Yuichi Izumi, Mitsuaki Isobe
Hypertension (HT) is a systemic disorder that results in the decline of quality of life and death. While patients with periodontitis are at a high risk of HT, little causal information has been provided to date. To clarify the relationship, periodontopathic bacterial infection in cardiovascular patients with or without HT was evaluated. The subjects were patients with (n = 412) or without (n = 199) HT who attended Tokyo Medical and Dental University hospital. Blood examinations and periodontal measurements were performed...
August 12, 2017: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799171/outcomes-with-a-posterior-reduced-dental-arch-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Saadika Khan, Usuf Mohammed Chikte, Ridwaan Omar
OBJECTIVE: To compare function, patient satisfaction and quality of life of patients with a posterior reduced mandibular arch with those who had all missing teeth replaced with removable partial dentures. METHODS: Patients with at least 3 and not more than 6 posterior occluding pairs of teeth were enrolled sequentially and randomized into one of two treatment groups: a denture and no denture group. A research assistant allocated interventions; concealment was ensured using opaque-sealed envelopes...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795915/where-teachers-are-few-documenting-available-faculty-in-five-tanzanian-medical-schools
#9
Charles A Mkony, Ephata E Kaaya, Alex J Goodell, Sarah B Macfarlane
Background Faced with one of the lowest physician-to-population ratios in the world, the Government of Tanzania is urging its medical schools to train more physicians. The annual number of medical students admitted across the country rose from 55 in the 1990s to 1,680 approved places for the 2015/16 academic year. These escalating numbers strain existing faculty. Objective To describe the availability of faculty in medical schools in Tanzania. Design We identified faculty lists published on the Internet by five Tanzanian medical schools for the 2011/12 academic year and analyzed the appointment status, rank, discipline, and qualifications of faculty members...
December 2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792274/global-regional-and-national-prevalence-incidence-and-disability-adjusted-life-years-for-oral-conditions-for-195-countries-1990-2015-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-diseases-injuries-and-risk-factors
#10
N J Kassebaum, A G C Smith, E Bernabé, T D Fleming, A E Reynolds, T Vos, C J L Murray, W Marcenes
The Global Burden of Disease 2015 study aims to use all available data of sufficient quality to generate reliable and valid prevalence, incidence, and disability-adjusted life year (DALY) estimates of oral conditions for the period of 1990 to 2015. Since death as a direct result of oral diseases is rare, DALY estimates were based on years lived with disability, which are estimated only on those persons with unmet need for dental care. We used our data to assess progress toward the Federation Dental International, World Health Organization, and International Association for Dental Research's oral health goals of reducing the level of oral diseases and minimizing their impact by 2020...
April 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789860/oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-subjects-with-implant-supported-prostheses-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Daniel R Reissmann, Michel Dard, Ragna Lamprecht, Julia Struppek, Guido Heydecke
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to review the current literature relating to the impact of dental implants on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in edentulous or partially dentate patients. DATA/SOURCES: Systematic literature searches were performed in the PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases, using high level MeSH terms. The searches were limited to studies published in English from 1960 to June 11, 2017, reporting OHRQoL outcomes using validated instruments, and having enrolled at least 50 patients...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781092/properties-of-dental-pulp-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-and-the-effects-of-culture-conditions
#12
Nobuyuki Kawashima, Sonoko Noda, Mioko Yamamoto, Takashi Okiji
Dental pulp mesenchymal stem cells (DPMSCs) highly express mesenchymal stem cell markers and possess the potential to differentiate into neural cells, osteoblasts, adipocytes, and chondrocytes. Thus, DPMSCs are considered suitable for tissue regeneration. The colony isolation method has commonly been used to collect relatively large amounts of heterogeneous DPMSCs. Homogenous DPMSCs can be isolated by fluorescence-activated cell sorting using antibodies against mesenchymal stem cell markers, although this method yields a limited number of cells...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777510/the-historical-evolution-of-dental-impression-materials
#13
Ioannis Papadiochos, Sofia Papadiochou, Ioannis Emmanouil
The concept of impression making process in dentistry began in the mid 1800s. Dentists realized that the construction of a prosthetic restoration required both a detailed capture of the oral tissues along with stone cast fabrications. To accomplish these goals, impression materials were essential. Beeswax represents the first impression material, while important bechmarks during the historical evolution of dental impression materials are considered to be the introduction of dental trays in the early 1800s and the invention of the gutta-percha, thermoplastic resins and plaster of Paris...
July 2017: Journal of the History of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768511/german-dentists-websites-on-periodontitis-have-low-quality-of-information
#14
Falk Schwendicke, Jörg Stange, Claudia Stange, Christian Graetz
BACKGROUND: The internet is an increasingly relevant source of health information. We aimed to assess the quality of German dentists' websites on periodontitis, hypothesizing that it was significantly associated with a number of practice-specific parameters. METHODS: We searched four electronic search engines and included pages which were freely accessible, posted by a dental practice in Germany, and mentioned periodontal disease/therapy. Websites were assessed for (1) technical and functional aspects, (2) generic quality and risk of bias, (3) disease-specific information...
August 2, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767261/-health-maps-of-a-historical-population-in-nineteenth-century-friuli-northeastern-italy
#15
Alessio Fornasin, Marco Breschi, Matteo Manfredini
This paper aims at presenting some health maps of a historical population. The studies on the health status of past populations are usually focused on the causes of death. Our purpose is to present some descriptive analyses on non-deadly diseases. The present work focuses on the province of Friuli (north-eastern Italy) in the second half of the nineteenth century. The used sources are military call-up records. We collected about 300,000 records relative to military recruitment that took place between 1866 and 1909 (birth cohorts 1846-1890)...
June 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766765/impact-of-oral-potentially-malignant-disorders-on-quality-of-life
#16
Jyothi Tadakamadla, Santhosh Kumar, Ratilal Lalloo, Gandhi Babu, Newell W Johnson
BACKGROUND: Oral Potentially Malignant Disorders (OPMDs) could have a significant psychological impact on patients, principally because of the unknown risk of malignant transformation, while the physical and functional impairments could differ. This study aimed to assess the impact of three different OPMDs and their disease stages on the Quality of Life (QoL) of affected patients. METHODS: Oral Leukoplakia (OL), Oral Lichen Planus (OLP) and Oral Submucous Fibrosis (OSF) patients who were undergoing treatment at an oral medicine clinic of a dental teaching hospital in India were the study population...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765440/teaching-cultural-competence-in-dental-education-a-systematic-review-and-exploration-of-implications-for-indigenous-populations-in-australia
#17
REVIEW
Cathryn J Forsyth, Michelle J Irving, Marc Tennant, Stephanie D Short, John A Gilroy
Indigenous and other minority populations worldwide experience higher rates of disease including poor oral health than other populations. Cultural competence of practitioners is increasingly being recognized as fundamental to health care and quality of life in addressing these disparities. The aims of this study were to conduct a systematic review of the literature about teaching cultural competence in dental education and to explore the particular relevance of that teaching for the oral health care of Indigenous populations in Australia...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765439/will-a-short-training-session-improve-multiple-choice-item-writing-quality-by-dental-school-faculty-a-pilot-study
#18
Mark A Dellinges, Donald A Curtis
Faculty members are expected to write high-quality multiple-choice questions (MCQs) in order to accurately assess dental students' achievement. However, most dental school faculty members are not trained to write MCQs. Extensive faculty development programs have been used to help educators write better test items. The aim of this pilot study was to determine if a short workshop would result in improved MCQ item-writing by dental school faculty at one U.S. dental school. A total of 24 dental school faculty members who had previously written MCQs were randomized into a no-intervention group and an intervention group in 2015...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764971/development-and-validation-of-two-phantoms-for-quality-control-in-cone-beam-ct
#19
Wilson Otto Gomes Batista
This study aimed at the development and validation of the models of phantom: CQ-02-IFBA and CQ-01-IFBA, the first filled with water and the second fully with a solid structure in polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA). Both models allow its use in various models of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT), independent of the size of the field of view. The two phantoms are used to evaluate seven parameters of quality control: intensity or average value of pixels of five different plastics, signal to noise ratio, resolution, low contrast, spatial resolution, the accuracy of distances on the z axis, the geometric distortion and image uniformity...
July 27, 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764312/oral-health-and-quality-of-life-current-concepts
#20
REVIEW
R M Baiju, Elbe Peter, N O Varghese, Remadevi Sivaram
The recognition of health related quality of life began ever since WHO expanded the definition of health in 1948. This has resulted in the paradigm shift of health and disease from a medical model to a biopsychosocial model. Oral health too denotes not merely the absence of disease but the general well being so that the person can perform functions like eating, talking and smiling and also can contribute creatively to the society. Health related quality of life is a trade-off between how long and how well people live...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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