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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241258/-changes-of-motor-balance-in-the-course-of-an-inpatient-psychosomatic-rehabilitation
#1
ElisabethJohanna Grub, Georg Wydra, Michael Käfer, Volker Köllner
Aim of the study For many rehabilitants both the motor balance and the feeling of being emotionally stable and in balance are essential preconditions for participation in employment and society. The goal of this study was to capture changes in motor balance in the course of an inpatient psychosomatic rehabilitation and to set them in relation to changes in mental variables. Methods 118 patients of a psychosomatic clinic (49.3±8.6 years; 75.4 % women) were examined at the beginning and the end of rehabilitation...
December 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241120/a-study-on-the-association-of-mood-disorders-and-gluten-related-diseases
#2
Brunetta Porcelli, Valeria Verdino, Fabio Ferretti, Nicola Bizzaro, Lucia Terzuoli, Francesca Cinci, Letizia Bossini, Andrea Fagiolini
Our study aimed to evaluate the presence of antibodies related to gluten intolerance in patients with mood disorders. A total of 60 patients with a diagnosis of bipolar disorder or depressive disorder were recruited. Fourty-eight subjects randomly selected among unrelated family members were included as controls. Celiac disease-associated antibodies were assayed both in the patients and controls. Mean values of IgA/IgG anti-gliadin antibodies, IgA/IgG anti-deamidated gliadin peptide antibodies and IgA anti-transglutaminase (tTG) antibodies were not different between patients and controls...
December 6, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241049/prenatal-maternal-mood-patterns-predict-child-temperament-and-adolescent-mental-health
#3
Laura M Glynn, Mariann A Howland, Curt A Sandman, Elysia P Davis, Michael Phelan, Tallie Z Baram, Hal S Stern
BACKGROUND: This study quantifies the dynamics of maternal mood focusing on unpredictability, and to assess if greater unpredictability of prenatal maternal mood predicts child temperament and internalizing symptoms through early adolescence. METHODS: The association between prenatal mood predictability and child internalizing symptoms were assessed in two longitudinal cohorts (N's = 227 and 180). Maternal mood was assessed repeatedly during pregnancy as early as 15 weeks' gestation...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241028/a-latent-class-analysis-of-ptsd-symptoms-among-inner-city-primary-care-patients
#4
Akm Fazlur Rahman, Amita Manatunga, Ying Guo, Limin Peng, Megan Warnock, Kerry J Ressler, Tanja Jovanovic
OBJECTIVES: Examine evidence for different subclasses of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in a sample of trauma exposed, low-income, predominantly African American men and women. Assess the relationship between PTSD subclasses with major depressive disorder (MDD) and types of trauma experienced. METHOD: Latent class analysis (LCA) using a multivariate normal mixture model on the 17-item PTSD Symptom Scale (PSS) was used to identify latent subclasses of PTSD symptoms (N = 5063)...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240936/grit-illness-related-distress-and-psychosocial-outcomes-in-college-students-with-a-chronic-medical-condition-a-path-analysis
#5
Christina M Sharkey, Dana M Bakula, Amanda N Baraldi, Megan N Perez, Kristina I Suorsa, John M Chaney, Larry L Mullins
Objective: Adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with chronic medical conditions are at increased risk for a host of negative psychosocial outcomes, including depressive and anxious symptoms. Although studies have shown that illness appraisals (e.g., illness intrusiveness [II] and illness uncertainty [IU]) demonstrate consistent associations with such outcomes, few studies have examined positive factors that may relate to better psychosocial outcomes and appraisals. The present study evaluated grit (i...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240823/facebook-addiction-disorder-fad-among-german-students-a-longitudinal-approach
#6
Julia Brailovskaia, Jürgen Margraf
The present study aimed to investigate Facebook Addiction Disorder (FAD) in a German student sample over a period of one year. While mean FAD level did not increase during the investigation period, a significant increase was shown in the number of participants reaching the critical cutoff score. FAD was significantly positively related to the personality trait narcissism and to negative mental health variables (depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms). Furthermore, FAD fully mediated the significant positive relationship between narcissism and stress symptoms, which demonstrates that narcissistic people can be specifically at risk to develop FAD...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240805/poly-victimization-in-a-norwegian-adolescent-population-prevalence-social-and-psychological-profile-and-detrimental-effects
#7
Svein Mossige, Lihong Huang
BACKGROUND: This study focuses on poly-victimization, with the aim of providing a realistic estimation of the prevalence of lifetime victimization in a Norwegian adolescent population (ages 18-19 years). METHODS: Based upon the concept from previous research, we applied measures of child poly-victimization on Norwegian data obtained from a national youth survey in 2015 (N = 4,531) to arrive at an estimation of its prevalence. We used variables that measure individual characteristics such as gender and educational aspiration and socio-economic factors such as parents' education level and home economic situation to derive a social and psychological profile of victimization and poly-victimization among young people...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240757/rct-of-an-integrated-cbt-hiv-intervention-on-depressive-symptoms-and-hiv-risk
#8
Karin Tobin, Melissa A Davey-Rothwell, Bareng A S Nonyane, Amy Knowlton, Lawrence Wissow, Carl A Latkin
Depression and depressive symptoms mediate the association between drug use and HIV risk. Yet, there are few interventions that target depressive symptoms and HIV risk for people who use drugs (PWUD). This study was a randomized controlled trial of an integrated cognitive behavioral therapy and HIV prevention intervention to reduce depressive symptoms, injection risk behaviors and increase condom use in a sample of urban people who used heroin or cocaine in the prior 6 months. A total of 315 individuals aged 18-55, who self-reported at least one HIV drug and sex risk behavior and scored ≥16 and <40 on the Centers for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression (CES-D) scale were randomized using a two-block design, stratified by sex to ensure equivalent numbers, to a 10 session intervention arm (n = 162) or a single session control arm (n = 153)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240537/infertility-and-self-rated-health-among-malawian-women
#9
Nisha Rao, Allahna Esber, Abigail Turner, Gladson Mopiwa, Joana Banda, Alison Norris
BACKGROUND: Infertility is prevalent and stigmatized in sub-Saharan Africa. Self-rated health, a subjective indicator that has been consistently related to objectively measured health, may be useful in evaluating the relationship between women's infertility and health. METHODS: Data were from surveys conducted from July 2014 to January 2015 with women aged 15 to 39 years (n = 915) as part of the initial assessment in a cohort study in Lilongwe district, Malawi...
December 14, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240527/depressive-symptom-prevalence-and-predictors-in-the-first-half-of-pregnancy
#10
Patricia Anne Kinser, Leroy R Thacker, Dana Lapato, Sara Wagner, Roxann Roberson-Nay, Lisa Jobe-Shields, Ananda Amstadter, Timothy P York
INTRODUCTION: Major depression during the peripartum (MDP) period carries significant public health impact due to the potential adverse effects on maternal, infant, and family outcomes. METHODS: As part of a larger longitudinal study, this cross-sectional observational study sought to build upon the current literature on the prevalence and predictors of depression in the early second trimester of pregnancy, as related to generally accepted risk factors and other less explored risk factors...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239949/labor-analgesia-as-a-predictor-for-reduced-postpartum-depression-scores-a-retrospective-observational-study
#11
Grace Lim, Lia M Farrell, Francesca L Facco, Michael S Gold, Ajay D Wasan
BACKGROUND: Using labor, epidural analgesia has been linked to a reduced risk of postpartum depression, but the role of labor pain relief in this association remains unclear. The goal of this study was to test the hypothesis that effective epidural analgesia during labor is associated with reduced postpartum depression symptomatology. METHODS: A single, institutional, retrospective, observational cohort design was chosen. The primary outcome was Edinburgh postnatal depression scale (EPDS) score, measured at the 6-week postpartum visit...
December 11, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239889/are-trajectories-of-psychosocial-risk-in-adolescence-linked-to-hiv-vulnerability-in-emerging-and-young-adulthood-an-eighteen-year-longitudinal-study
#12
David Cordova, Justin Heinze, Hsing-Fang Hsieh, Ritesh Mistry, Christopher P Salas-Wright, Stephanie H Cook, Marc A Zimmerman
OBJECTIVES: To examine trajectories of adolescent psychosocial risk-drug use, depressive and anxiety symptoms, and violence victimization and observation-and the longitudinal relationship between psychosocial risk trajectories during adolescence and HIV risk behaviors in adulthood. METHODS: The eighteen-year longitudinal study was conducted from September 1994 through May 2013, in Michigan. Eight-hundred and fifty predominantly (80%) African American adolescents completed demographics and measures of drug use, depressive and anxiety symptoms, violence victimization and observation at Times 1-4, sexual risk behaviors at Times 5 and 6, and social conditions (i...
December 12, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239789/anterior-cingulate-volume-predicts-response-to-psychotherapy-and-functional-connectivity-with-the-inferior-parietal-cortex-in-major-depressive-disorder
#13
Fabio Sambataro, Nadja Doerig, Jürgen Hänggi, Robert Christian Wolf, Janis Brakowski, Martin Grosse Holtforth, Erich Seifritz, Simona Spinelli
In major depressive disorder (MDD), the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) has been associated with clinical outcome as well as with antidepressant treatment response. Nonetheless, the association between individual differences in ACC structure and function and the response to cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is still unexplored. For this aim, twenty-five unmedicated patients with MDD were scanned with structural and resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging before the beginning of CBT treatment. ACC morphometry was correlated with clinical changes following psychotherapy...
November 24, 2017: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239767/everyday-cognitive-failure-and-depressive-symptoms-predict-fatigue-in-sarcoidosis-a-prospective-follow-up-study
#14
Celine Hendriks, Marjolein Drent, Willemien De Kleijn, Marjon Elfferich, Petal Wijnen, Jolanda De Vries
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is a major and disabling problem in sarcoidosis. Knowledge concerning correlates of the development of fatigue and possible interrelationships is lacking. OBJECTIVE: A conceptual model of fatigue was developed and tested. METHODS: Sarcoidosis outpatients (n = 292) of Maastricht University Medical Center completed questionnaires regarding trait anxiety, depressive symptoms, cognitive failure, dyspnea, social support, and small fiber neuropathy (SFN) at baseline...
November 20, 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239637/discrete-emotion-regulation-strategy-repertoires-and-parasympathetic-physiology-characterize-psychopathology-symptoms-in-childhood
#15
Laura E Quiñones-Camacho, Elizabeth L Davis
Certain psychopathologies are often linked to dysregulation of specific emotions (e.g., anxiety is associated with dysregulation of fear), but few studies have examined how regulatory repertoires for specific emotions (e.g., the strategies a person uses to regulate fear) relate to psychopathology, and fewer still have examined this in childhood. A total of 106 7- to 11-year-olds (M = 9.37 years; SD = 1.30; 44% girls) participated in a multimethod investigation of emotion regulation and psychopathology. Parents reported on family characteristics and children's symptoms...
December 14, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239636/time-varying-associations-of-parent-adolescent-cultural-conflict-and-youth-adjustment-among-chinese-american-families
#16
Linda P Juang, Yang Hou, Sara Douglass Bayless, Su Yeong Kim
The purpose of this study was to examine time-varying associations of parent-adolescent cultural conflict with depressive symptoms and grade point average (GPA) among Chinese Americans from ages 11-22. We pooled two independently collected longitudinal data sets (N = 760 at Wave 1) and used time-varying effect modeling (TVEM) to show that the frequency of parent-adolescent conflict increased during early adolescence (12 years), peaked at mid adolescence (16 years), and gradually decreased throughout late adolescence and young adulthood...
December 14, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239626/maternal-psychological-control-maternal-borderline-personality-disorder-and-adolescent-borderline-features
#17
Rebecca M Mahan, Stephanie B Kors, Meredith L Simmons, Jenny Macfie
Linehan (1993) theorized that the experience of invalidating parenting interacts with emotional vulnerability in the development of borderline personality disorder (BPD). Parental psychological control is a type of invalidating parenting, defined as manipulation by parents of their offspring's psychological and emotional expression and experience (Barber, 1996). In a normative sample of adolescent females, adolescent-reported maternal psychological control was related to maternal borderline symptoms (Zalewski et al...
December 14, 2017: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239291/the-impact-of-schizophrenia-and-mood-disorder-risk-alleles-on-emotional-problems-investigating-change-from-childhood-to-middle-age
#18
Lucy Riglin, Stephan Collishaw, Alexander Richards, Ajay K Thapar, Frances Rice, Barbara Maughan, Michael C O'Donovan, Anita Thapar
BACKGROUND: Previous studies find that both schizophrenia and mood disorder risk alleles contribute to adult depression and anxiety. Emotional problems (depression or anxiety) begin in childhood and show strong continuities into adult life; this suggests that symptoms are the manifestation of the same underlying liability across different ages. However, other findings suggest that there are developmental differences in the etiology of emotional problems at different ages. To our knowledge, no study has prospectively examined the impact of psychiatric risk alleles on emotional problems at different ages in the same individuals...
December 14, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239280/perceived-injustice-and-its-correlates-after-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#19
Grant L Iverson, Douglas P Terry, Justin E Karr, William Panenka, Noah D Silverberg
Perceived injustice is a belief that one has been treated unfairly, disrespectfully, and is suffering unnecessarily as a result of another person's actions. Perceived injustice predicts chronic disability after musculoskeletal injury, but to our knowledge, has not been empirically studied in people with mild traumatic brain injuries (MTBIs). We examined perceived injustice and its correlates in patients who were slow to recover from MTBI. Patients (N=102) were recruited from four concussion clinics. The sample was on average 41...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239239/depressive-disorders-in-patients-with-pharmaco-resistant-mesial-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#20
Eleonora Borges Gonçalves, Tania Aparecida Marchiori de Oliveira Cardoso, Clarissa Lin Yasuda, Fernando Cendes
Objectives To assess depressive disorders in patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) refractory to medical treatment. Methods Adult patients with refractory MTLE completed two questionnaires (Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) had a semi-structured psychiatric interview and a high resolution MRI scan. For complete neuropsychiatric diagnosis, as per International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10), the results were combined with clinical history and additional information from the patients' family...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
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