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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471102/high-fructose-diet-induced-metabolic-syndrome-pathophysiological-mechanism-and-treatment-by-traditional-chinese-medicine
#1
REVIEW
Ying Pan, Ling-Dong Kong
Fructose is a natural monosaccharide broadly used in modern society. Over the past few decades, epidemiological studies have demonstrated that high fructose intake is an etiological factor of metabolic syndrome (MetS). This review highlights research advances on fructose-induced MetS, especially the underlying pathophysiological mechanism as well as pharmacotherapy by traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), using the PubMed, Web of science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, China Science and Technology Journal and Wanfang Data...
February 19, 2018: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462490/open-surgical-repair-of-post-dissection-thoraco-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms-early-and-late-outcomes-of-a-single-centre-study-involving-over-200-patients
#2
Jacopo Alfonsi, Giacomo Murana, Henri G Smeenk, Hans Kelder, Marc Schepens, Uday Sonker, Wim J Morshuis, Robin H Heijmen
OBJECTIVES: Chronic, post-dissection thoraco-abdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAAs) are increasingly being treated by (hybrid) endovascular means. Although it is less invasive, thoracic endovascular aortic repair is technically complex with the risk of incomplete aneurysm exclusion, necessitating frequent reinterventions with potentially reduced long-term outcomes. The aim of this study was to evaluate contemporary early and late outcomes after open surgical repair of post-dissection TAAA...
February 16, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457539/vocalization-development-in-common-marmosets-for-neurodegenerative-translational-modeling
#3
Corinne A Jones, Mary K Duffy, Sarah A Hoffman, Nancy J Schultz-Darken, Katarina M Braun, Michelle R Ciucci, Marina E Emborg
Objectives In order to facilitate the study of vocalizations in emerging genetic common marmoset models of neurodegenerative disorders, we aimed to analyze call-type changes across age in a translational research environment. We hypothesized that acoustic parameters of vocalizations would change with age, reflecting growth of the vocal apparatus and a maturation of control needed to make adult-like calls. Methods Nineteen developing common marmosets were longitudinally video- and audio-recorded between the ages of 1-149 days in a naturalistic setting without any vocalization elicitation protocol...
February 19, 2018: Neurological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454876/the-development-and-psychometric-validation-of-an-instrument-to-evaluate-nurses-attitudes-towards-communication-with-the-patient-aco
#4
María Del Carmen Giménez-Espert, Vicente Javier Prado-Gascó
BACKGROUND: Patient communication is a key skill for nurses involved in clinical care. Its measurement is a complex phenomenon that can be addressed through attitude evaluation. OBJECTIVES: To develop and psychometrically test a measure of nurses' attitudes towards communication with patients (ACO), to study the relationship between these dimensions, and to analyse nursing attitudes. DESIGN: To develop and psychometrically test the ACO questionnaire...
February 7, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453235/a-workforce-survey-on-developmental-behavioral-pediatrics
#5
Carolyn Bridgemohan, Nerissa S Bauer, Britt A Nielsen, Anne DeBattista, Holly S Ruch-Ross, Linda B Paul, Nancy Roizen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Developmental-behavioral conditions are common, affecting ∼15% of US children. The prevalence and complexity of these conditions are increasing despite long wait times and a limited pipeline of new providers. We surveyed a convenience sample of the developmental-behavioral pediatric (DBP) workforce to determine current practices, workforce trends, and future needs. METHODS: An electronic survey was e-mailed to 1568 members of the American Academy of Pediatrics Section on Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics and Council on Children with Disabilities, the Society for Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, and the National Association of Pediatric Nurse Practitioners Developmental and Behavioral Mental Health Special Interest Group...
February 16, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445982/care-coordination-empowering-families-a-promising-practice-to-facilitate-medical-home-use-among-children-and-youth-with-special-health-care-needs
#6
Lisa Gorman Ufer, Julie A Moore, Kristen Hawkins, Gina Gembel, David N Entwistle, David Hoffman
Introduction This paper describes the care coordination training program and results of an evaluation from its pilot in seven states. Despite the importance of practice-based care coordination, only 42.3% of children with special health care needs (CYSHCN) met all needed components of care coordination as defined by the Maternal Child Health Bureau. Recognizing that children with medically complex conditions often have lower rates of achieving care coordination within a medical home, the Region 4 Midwest Genetics Collaborative worked with families to develop a training to empower families in care coordination...
February 14, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438124/friendly-faces-characteristics-of-children-and-adolescents-with-repeat-visits-to-a-specialized-child-psychiatric-emergency-program
#7
Mollie Marr, Sarah M Horwitz, Ruth Gerson, Amy Storfer-Isser, Jennifer F Havens
OBJECTIVES: Pediatric mental health emergency department (ED) visits continue to rise with 19% to 62% of youth presenting to the ED ultimately returning for a mental health-related complaint. To better understand the needs of children returning to the ED, this study examines the clinical, demographic, and environmental factors associated with revisits to a dedicated child psychiatric ED. METHODS: Clinical factors, home environment, and mental health service utilization of 885 children presenting to a dedicated child psychiatric ED over a 1-year period were abstracted by retrospective chart review...
February 12, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437051/the-likely-impact-of-congenital-zika-syndrome-on-families-considerations-for-family-supports-and-services
#8
Donald B Bailey, Liana O Ventura
Congenital Zika virus infection has obvious implications for infants, and considerable research has addressed the nature and consequences of congenital Zika syndrome (CZS). Children with classic CZS meet the criteria for "children with medical complexity," and ongoing research is required to understand the range of needs and optimal treatment options. Far less attention has been given to the consequences of CZS for families, which are both immediate and lifelong. Although families of children with CZS have much in common with families of other children with disabilities, at least 4 features of CZS have special family implications: (1) the severity of the impact on children with obvious abnormalities at birth, coupled with the anticipation of a lifetime of caregiving and economic burdens; (2) uncertainty about the unfolding consequences, both for obviously affected children and for exposed children with no symptoms at birth; (3) a lack of specialized professional knowledge about the course of the disease or treatment options; and (4) social isolation, a lack of social or community supports, and potential stigma...
February 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436003/is-hospitalisation-necessary-a-survey-of-frail-older-persons-with-cognitive-impairment-transferred-from-nursing-homes-to-the-emergency-department
#9
Maria Björck, Helle Wijk
BACKGROUND: Providing care for frail older persons is complex and demanding, and the transfer of older persons with cognitive impairment to the emergency department is associated with a high risk of them developing complications. AIM: To survey the most ill and frail older persons with cognitive impairment who were transferred from nursing homes to the emergency department, considering reasons for referral, symptoms and actions taken at the hospital. METHOD: A retrospective descriptive survey, conducting a review of 588 referral notes and medical records, analysed and presented with descriptive statistics and visualised with typical case narratives...
February 12, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434369/bladder-biomechanics-and-the-use-of-scaffolds-for-regenerative-medicine-in-the-urinary-bladder
#10
REVIEW
Fatemeh Ajalloueian, Greg Lemon, Jöns Hilborn, Ioannis S Chronakis, Magdalena Fossum
The urinary bladder is a complex organ with the primary functions of storing urine under low and stable pressure and micturition. Many clinical conditions can cause poor bladder compliance, reduced capacity, and incontinence, requiring bladder augmentation or use of regenerative techniques and scaffolds. To replicate an organ that is under frequent mechanical loading and unloading, special attention towards fulfilling its biomechanical requirements is necessary. Several biological and synthetic scaffolds are available, with various characteristics that qualify them for use in bladder regeneration in vitro and in vivo, including in the treatment of clinical conditions...
February 13, 2018: Nature Reviews. Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433828/patient-centered-care-in-renal-medicine-five-strategies-to-meet-the-challenge
#11
Ann M O'Hare
There is growing interest in patient-centered care, defined by the Institute of Medicine as "care that is respectful of and responsive to individual patient preferences, needs, and values." Although generally accepted as uncontroversial, the notion of "centering" care on our patients is in fact quite revolutionary. Because medical teaching, research, and practice have traditionally been organized around diseases and organ systems rather than patients, making care more patient centered would require no less than a paradigm shift in how we practice medicine...
February 9, 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431534/organisation-of-dietary-control-for-nutrition-training-intervention-involving-periodized-carbohydrate-cho-availability-and-ketogenic-low-cho-high-fat-lchf-diet
#12
Joanne G Mirtschin, Sara F Forbes, Louise E Cato, Ida A Heikura, Nicki Strobel, Rebecca Hall, Louise M Burke
We describe the implementation of a 3-week dietary intervention in elite race walkers at the Australian Institute of Sport, with a focus on the resources and strategies needed to accomplish a complex study of this scale. Interventions involved: traditional guidelines of high carbohydrate (CHO) availability for all training sessions (HCHO); a periodized CHO diet which integrated sessions with low CHO and high CHO availability within the same total CHO intake, and a ketogenic low-CHO high-fat diet (LCHF). 7-day menus and recipes were constructed for a communal eating setting to meet nutritional goals as well as individualized food preferences and special needs...
February 12, 2018: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428900/the-provision-of-care-to-adults-with-an-intellectual-disability-in-the-uk-a-special-report-from-the-intellectual-disability-uk-chapter-ilae
#13
M P Kerr, L V Watkins, H Angus-Leppan, A Corp, M Goodwin, C Hanson, A Roy, R Shankar
PURPOSE: This article reflects the report by the British Branch of the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) Working Group on services for adults with epilepsy and intellectual disability (ID). Its terms of reference was to explore the current status of aspects of the care of people with an ID and epilepsy. METHODS: Survey content was developed from key themes identified by consensus of the working group. An electronic survey was distributed via email. The sample population was the membership of the ILAE UK, Royal College of Psychiatrists (RCPsych) Faculty of ID, Epilepsy Nurses Association (ESNA), and the Association of British Neurologists (ABN)...
February 8, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29418114/anatomical-basis-of-differences-in-locomotor-behavior-in-martens-a-comparison-of-the-forelimb-musculature-between-two-sympatric-species-of-martes
#14
Christine Böhmer, Anne-Claire Fabre, Marc Herbin, Stéphane Peigné, Anthony Herrel
Arboreal locomotion imposes selective pressures that may affect the evolution of the locomotor apparatus. The limbs have to be mobile to reach across discontinuities, yet at the same time need to be forceful to move against gravity during climbing. However, as intermediaries between the arboreal and terrestrial environment, semi-arboreal mammals appear not extremely specialized and, thus, anatomical adaptations may be less evident than expected for arboreal climbers. Here, we present quantitative data on the muscle anatomy of the forelimbs (N = 14) of two closely related species of Mustelidae and relate the findings to their locomotor habits...
March 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412842/palliative-care-for-dementia
#15
REVIEW
Jonathan T Stewart, Susan K Schultz
With the growing care needs for the older population at the end of their lives, there has been a substantial increase in attention to the management of the patient with dementia in hospice and palliative care services. This article reviews issues in access to care and the optimal management of the patient with dementia, particularly in the context of neuropsychiatric complexities. Special issues such as delirium, cachexia, behavioral symptoms, and pain management are addressed. Future challenges in research such as the development of better prognostic models are noted as well as the importance of attention to access to care...
March 2018: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408708/excavating-differentially-expressed-antimicrobial-peptides-from-transcriptome-of-larimichthys-crocea-liver-in-response-to-cryptocaryon-irritans
#16
Li-Bing Zheng, Yong Mao, Jun Wang, Ruan-Ni Chen, Yong-Quan Su, Yue-Qun Hong, Yu-Jian Hong, Yu-Cong Hong
Larimichthys crocea, the special marine economy fish, owns the largest annual yield for a single species in China. One of the most significant factors affecting large yellow croaker culture is the diseases, especially the threat of marine white spot disease which caused by a protozoan Cryptocaryon irritans. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) have been demonstrated to be active against bacterium, fungi and parasites, showing their potential usefulness in aquaculture as substitutes for antibiotics. Many researches have been carried out about the AMPs concentrating on the activity resist on C...
February 1, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406293/itching-for-knowledge-about-wound-and-scar-pruritus
#17
Laura K S Parnell
Chronic itch continues to be a problem that plagues millions of humans and animals. Pruritus has a negative impact on patient quality of life and many patients experience sleep deprivation, anxiety, and depression, similar to patients with chronic pain. This review provides an overview of clinical pruritus research with special emphasis on itch that wound care providers may see. In addition, the need for using multifactorial questionnaires for better research in pruritus is summarized. Similarities and differences in itch characteristics, triggers, and relievers in various patient populations are discussed...
January 2018: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390718/first-results-of-the-multi-purpose-real-time-processing-video-camera-system-on-the-wendelstein-7-x-stellarator-and-implications-for-future-devices
#18
S Zoletnik, C Biedermann, G Cseh, G Kocsis, R König, T Szabolics, T Szepesi
A special video camera has been developed for the 10-camera overview video system of the Wendelstein 7-X (W7-X) stellarator considering multiple application needs and limitations resulting from this complex long-pulse superconducting stellarator experiment. The event detection intelligent camera (EDICAM) uses a special 1.3 Mpixel CMOS sensor with non-destructive read capability which enables fast monitoring of smaller Regions of Interest (ROIs) even during long exposures. The camera can perform simple data evaluation algorithms (minimum/maximum, mean comparison to levels) on the ROI data which can dynamically change the readout process and generate output signals...
January 2018: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389959/improved-tools-and-strategies-for-the-prevention-and-control-of-arboviral-diseases-a-research-to-policy-forum
#19
Piero Olliaro, Florence Fouque, Axel Kroeger, Leigh Bowman, Raman Velayudhan, Ana Carolina Santelli, Diego Garcia, Ronald Skewes Ramm, Lokman H Sulaiman, Gustavo Sanchez Tejeda, Fabiàn Correa Morales, Ernesto Gozzer, César Basso Garrido, Luong Chan Quang, Gamaliel Gutierrez, Zaida E Yadon, Silvia Runge-Ranzinger
BACKGROUND: Research has been conducted on interventions to control dengue transmission and respond to outbreaks. A summary of the available evidence will help inform disease control policy decisions and research directions, both for dengue and, more broadly, for all Aedes-borne arboviral diseases. METHOD: A research-to-policy forum was convened by TDR, the Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases, with researchers and representatives from ministries of health, in order to review research findings and discuss their implications for policy and research...
February 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388898/mechanisms-of-change-in-treatments-of-personality-disorders-commentary-on-the-special-section
#20
Katie Aafjes-van Doorn, Jacques P Barber
Personality disorders (PDs) come in a large variety of presentations, severely affect the individual's social and emotional functioning, and are notoriously complex to treat. To make treatments for individuals with PDs more potent, there is a need to better understand how and why these treatments work. The articles assembled for this special section propose potential mechanisms of change within PD patients that may be addressed in future process-outcome research. Although the studies are exploratory and were limited by their scope and heterogeneity of their samples, they illustrate the importance of process research as nomothetic and idiographic building blocks toward a multifaceted understanding of change processes in PDs and their treatment...
January 2018: Journal of Personality Disorders
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