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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095058/efficacy-of-peer-support-arrangements-to-increase-peer-interaction-and-aac-use
#1
Elizabeth E Biggs, Erik W Carter, Jenny Gustafson
Supporting interaction in inclusive settings between students with complex communication needs (CCN) and their peers requires careful planning and support. We used a multiple-probe-across-participants design to investigate the efficacy of collaborative planning and peer support arrangements to increase peer interaction in inclusive classrooms. Participants were four middle school students with CCN who had an intellectual disability and used an iPad with Proloquo2Go as augmentative and alternative communication (AAC)...
January 2017: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079801/acute-necrotizing-retinal-vasculitis-as-onset-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-case-report
#2
Simeon Monov, Ruska Hristova, Rositza Dacheva, Reni Toncheva, Russka Shumnalieva, Viara Shoumnalieva-Ivanova, Daniela Monova
RATIONALE: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a complex autoimmune disease characterized by autoantibody production, complement activation, and deposition of immune complexes in tissues and organs. SLE can involve any region of the visual system. Although ocular manifestations are not part of the classification criteria for SLE, they can be observed in up to one-third of the patients with SLE. They are rarely reported at the time of disease onset. Retinal vasculitis is usually associated with active generalized disease...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074373/introduction-to-the-special-issue-precarious-solidarity-preferential-access-in-canadian-health-care
#3
Lynette Reid
Systems of universal health coverage may aspire to provide care based on need and not ability to pay; the complexities of this aspiration (conceptual, practical, and ethical) call for normative analysis. This special issue arises in the wake of a judicial inquiry into preferential access in the Canadian province of Alberta, the Vertes Commission. I describe this inquiry and set out a taxonomy of forms of differential and preferential access. Papers in this special issue focus on the conceptual specification of health system boundaries (the concept of medical need) and on the normative questions raised by complex models of funding and delivery of care, where patients, providers, and services cross system boundaries...
January 10, 2017: Health Care Analysis: HCA: Journal of Health Philosophy and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060309/symmetric-bihemispheric-postmortem-brain-cutting-to-study-healthy-and-pathological-brain-conditions-in-humans
#4
Diego Iacono, Maria Geraci-Erck, Hui Peng, John Paul Bouffard
Neuropathologists, at times, feel intimidated by the amount of knowledge needed to generate definitive diagnoses for complex neuropsychiatric phenomena described in those patients for whom a brain autopsy has been requested. Although the advancements of biomedical sciences and neuroimaging have revolutionized the neuropsychiatric field, they have also generated the misleading idea that brain autopsies have only a confirmatory value. This false idea created a drastic reduction of autopsy rates and, consequently, a reduced possibility to perform more detailed and extensive neuropathological investigations, which are necessary to comprehend numerous normal and pathological aspects yet unknown of the human brain...
December 18, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057875/perceived-challenges-of-working-in-a-fertility-clinic-a-qualitative-analysis-of-work-stressors-and-difficulties-working-with-patients
#5
Jacky Boivin, Laura Bunting, Emily Koert, Chin Ieng U, Christianne Verhaak
STUDY QUESTION: What are some of the challenges of working in a fertility clinic? SUMMARY ANSWER: The most frequently mentioned challenges were workload (e.g. high time pressure) and patient-related sources (e.g. unrealistic expectations). WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: One study showed a too high workload, worry about handling human material and low success rates were main stressors in fertility clinics. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: An online open-ended survey inviting participants to respond to seven questions was distributed to 5902 members of the European Society for Human Reproduction and Embryology (ESHRE, October 2010)...
January 5, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057448/improved-cryotolerance-and-developmental-competence-of-human-oocytes-matured-in-vitro-by-transient-hydrostatic-pressure-treatment-prior-to-vitrification
#6
Ruihuan Gu, Yun Feng, Song Guo, Shen Zhao, Xiaowei Lu, Jing Fu, Xiaoxi Sun, Yijuan Sun
BACKGROUND: At present, the metaphase II (MII) oocytes have a very special structure that leads to complex difficulties associated with its vitrification, and their efficacy still needs a large amount of study to observe. The present study was to investigate whether transient hydrostatic pressure (THP), which was utilized for oocytes before vitrification, had positive effect on the oocytes' developmental ability and reactive oxygen species, and had no damage on meiotic spindle, zona pellucida, and DNA copy number...
January 2, 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053384/management-of-complex-femoral-nonunion-with-monorail-external-fixator-a-prospective-study
#7
Hemendra Kumar Agrawal, Mohit Garg, Balvinder Singh, Ashish Jaiman, Vipin Khatkar, Shailender Khare, Sumit Batra, Vinod Kumar Sharma
AIM: To evaluate 30 patients who underwent distraction osteogenesis with monorail external fixator for complex femoral nonunion. METHOD: Complex femoral nonunion includes infective non-union, gap nonunion, and limb-length discrepancy secondary to traumatic bone loss, which needs specialized treatment to ensure the functional integrity of femoral bone. 30 patients, including 28 male and 2 female (aged 22-62 years) patients, underwent surgical debridement followed by bone transport with monorail fixator...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050999/retaining-health-workforce-in-rural-and-underserved-areas-of-india-what-works-and-what-doesn-t-a-critical-interpretative-synthesis
#8
REVIEW
Sonu Goel, Federica Angeli, Nidhi Bhatnagar, Neetu Singla, Manoj Grover, Hans Maarse
BACKGROUND: Human resource for health is critical in quality healthcare delivery. India, with a large rural population (68.8%), needs to urgently bridge the gaps in health workforce deployment between urban and rural areas. METHODS: We did a critical interpretative synthesis of the existing literature by using a predefined selection criteria to assess relevant manuscripts to identify the reasons for retaining the health workforce in rural and underserved areas. We discuss different strategies for retention of health workforce in rural areas on the basis of four major retention interventions, viz...
July 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050224/perspectives-from-geriatric-in-patients-with-heart-failure-and-their-caregivers-on-gaps-in-care-quality
#9
Nahid Azad, G Lemay, J Li, M Benzaquen, L Khoury
BACKGROUND: Evidence indicates that care experiences for complex HF patients could be improved by simple organizational and process changes, rather than complex clinical mechanisms. This survey identifies care gaps and recommends simple changes. METHODS: The study utilized both quantitative and qualitative methods at The Ottawa Hospital, Geriatric Medical Unit during a three-month period. RESULTS: Nineteen patients (average age 85, 12 female) surveyed...
December 2016: Canadian Geriatrics Journal: CGJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048463/th-c-brc-02-a-review-of-emerging-technologies-in-robotic-srs-sbrt-delivery
#10
L Wang
: The delivery techniques for SRS/SBRT have been under rapid developments in recent years, which pose new challenges to medical physicists ranging from planning and quality assurance to imaging and motion management. This educational course will provide a general overview of the latest delivery techniques in SRS/SBRT, and discuss the clinical processes to address the challenges of each technique with special emphasis on dedicated gamma-ray based device, robotic x-band linac-based system and conventional C-arm s-band linac-based SRS systems...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047808/th-c-brc-03-emerging-linac-based-srs-sbrt-technologies-with-modulated-arc-delivery
#11
L Ren
: The delivery techniques for SRS/SBRT have been under rapid developments in recent years, which pose new challenges to medical physicists ranging from planning and quality assurance to imaging and motion management. This educational course will provide a general overview of the latest delivery techniques in SRS/SBRT, and discuss the clinical processes to address the challenges of each technique with special emphasis on dedicated gamma-ray based device, robotic x-band linac-based system and conventional C-arm s-band linac-based SRS systems...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047049/th-c-brc-00-emerging-technologies-in-srs-sbrt-delivery
#12
Lei Ren
: The delivery techniques for SRS/SBRT have been under rapid developments in recent years, which pose new challenges to medical physicists ranging from planning and quality assurance to imaging and motion management. This educational course will provide a general overview of the latest delivery techniques in SRS/SBRT, and discuss the clinical processes to address the challenges of each technique with special emphasis on dedicated gamma-ray based device, robotic x-band linac-based system and conventional C-arm s-band linac-based SRS systems...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046393/th-c-brc-01-an-overview-of-emerging-technologies-in-srs-sbrt-delivery
#13
L Ma
: The delivery techniques for SRS/SBRT have been under rapid developments in recent years, which pose new challenges to medical physicists ranging from planning and quality assurance to imaging and motion management. This educational course will provide a general overview of the latest delivery techniques in SRS/SBRT, and discuss the clinical processes to address the challenges of each technique with special emphasis on dedicated gamma-ray based device, robotic x-band linac-based system and conventional C-arm s-band linac-based SRS systems...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045853/intraoperative-neuromonitoring-and-alarm-criteria-for-judging-mep-responses-to-transcranial-electric-stimulation-the-threshold-level-method
#14
Blair Calancie
The motor evoked potential (MEP) is used in the operating room to gauge-and ultimately protect-the functional integrity of the corticospinal tract (CST). However, there is no consensus as to how to best interpret the MEP for maximizing its sensitivity and specificity to CST compromise. The most common way is to use criteria associated with response magnitude (response amplitude; waveform complexity, etc.). With this approach, should an MEP in response to a fixed stimulus intensity diminish below some predetermined cutoff, suggesting CST dysfunction, then the surgical team is warned...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045446/biological-activities-of-essential-oils-from-plant-chemoecology-to-traditional-healing-systems
#15
REVIEW
Javad Sharifi-Rad, Antoni Sureda, Gian Carlo Tenore, Maria Daglia, Mehdi Sharifi-Rad, Marco Valussi, Rosa Tundis, Marzieh Sharifi-Rad, Monica R Loizzo, Adedayo Oluwaseun Ademiluyi, Razieh Sharifi-Rad, Seyed Abdulmajid Ayatollahi, Marcello Iriti
Essential oils are complex mixtures of hydrocarbons and their oxygenated derivatives arising from two different isoprenoid pathways. Essential oils are produced by glandular trichomes and other secretory structures, specialized secretory tissues mainly diffused onto the surface of plant organs, particularly flowers and leaves, thus exerting a pivotal ecological role in plant. In addition, essential oils have been used, since ancient times, in many different traditional healing systems all over the world, because of their biological activities...
January 1, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042459/precision-targeted-ruthenium-ii-luminophores-highly-effective-probes-for-cell-imaging-by-stimulated-emission-depletion-sted-microscopy
#16
Aisling Byrne, Christopher S Burke, Tia E Keyes
Fluorescence microscopy has undergone a dramatic evolution over the past two decades with development of super-resolution far-field microscopy methods that break the light diffraction limited resolution of conventional microscopy, offering unprecedented opportunity to interrogate cellular processes at the nanoscale. However, these methods make special demands of the luminescent agents used for contrast and development of probes suited to super-resolution fluorescent methods is still relatively in its infancy...
October 19, 2016: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040091/reconstruction-of-patellar-tendon-following-implantation-of-proximal-tibia-megaprosthesis-for-the-treatment-of-post-traumatic-septic-bone-defects
#17
Giorgio M Calori, Emilio Luigi Mazza, Luca Vaienti, Simone Mazzola, Alessandra Colombo, Luca Gala, Massimiliano Colombo
INTRODUCTION: Latest advances made in joint replacement implants allows reconstruction of entire limbs. These special prostheses or megaprostheses were originally designed for the treatment of severe oncological bone loss. Nowadays, however, the indications and applications of these devices are expanding to other orthopaedic and trauma clinical conditions. Since 2008 we have implanted 152 megaprostheses in non-oncological conditions: 87 were implanted for post-traumatic failures aseptic/septic (represented by complex non-unions and critical size bone defects); 26 total femur, 52 distal femur and 9 proximal tibia...
December 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034356/improving-cancer-care-for-children-in-the-developing-world-challenges-and-strategies
#18
Zakiya Al Lamki
Cancer is a global health problem particularly in developing countries where the burden of cancer is ever increasing and claiming the lives of about 100,000 children under the age of 15 years every year. Majority of these occur in the Low and Middle Income Countries (LMICs) where 90% of world children live. Contributing factors to this trend is the reduction of communicable diseases and emergence of new infections, improvement of nutrition and socio-economic conditions, industrialization and urbanization. However, due to its complexity, childhood cancer is given the least priority by the governments' funding...
December 30, 2016: Current Pediatric Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032690/free-profunda-femoris-artery-perforator-flap-as-a-first-line-choice-of-reconstruction-for-partial-glossectomy-defects
#19
Ricardo Fernández-Riera, Shao-Yu Hung, Jerry Chih-Wei Wu, Chung-Kan Tsao
BACKGROUND: Free profunda artery perforator (PAP) flap has recently been brought back for head and neck reconstruction. During the course of 1 year, we performed this procedure for reconstruction of partial glossectomy defects with excellent results. METHODS: From January through December 2015, 21 patients underwent partial glossectomy reconstruction with PAP flaps. Demographics, surgical technique, anatomic variations, success rates, complications, and characteristics are described...
December 29, 2016: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031028/enablers-and-barriers-to-implementing-collaborative-care-for-anxiety-and-depression-a-systematic-qualitative-review
#20
REVIEW
Gritt Overbeck, Annette Sofie Davidsen, Marius Brostrøm Kousgaard
BACKGROUND: Collaborative care is an increasingly popular approach for improving quality of care for people with mental health problems through an intensified and structured collaboration between primary care providers and health professionals with specialized psychiatric expertise. Trials have shown significant positive effects for patients suffering from depression, but since collaborative care is a complex intervention, it is important to understand the factors which affect its implementation...
December 28, 2016: Implementation Science: IS
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