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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527301/exploration-of-dietary-patterns-and-alcohol-consumption-in-pregnant-women-in-the-uk-a-mixed-methods-study
#1
Victoria Coathup, Lesley Smith, Mary Boulton
BACKGROUND: fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders is a term used to describe a range of physical, cognitive and behavioural deficits in the offspring of women who drank alcohol during pregnancy. A growing body of evidence suggests alcohol consumption in the presence of poor maternal nutrition may increase the risk of harm to the developing fetus. OBJECTIVE: to investigate relationships between maternal dietary patterns and alcohol consumption, and explore which factors influence women's decisions about what to eat and drink during pregnancy...
April 27, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527181/physicochemical-parameters-as-a-tool-for-the-assessment-of-origin-of-honey
#2
Kristina B Lazarević, Milica S Jovetić, Živoslav Lj Tešić
Honey is a complex mixture of various substances, and its composition depends on both botanical and geographical origin, as well as anthropogenic factors. The accurate identification of honey origin guarantees the satisfaction of consumers' needs and has an impact on the honey market value. Physicochemical parameters, some of which are used in routine analysis of honey quality, could be useful for the assessment of its origin. In this review, special attention is paid to those studies that assessed the sugar and mineral composition of honey, whether they were investigated in terms of botanical or geographical origin, or for the characterization of honey type...
May 19, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521207/strategies-to-support-transitions-from-hospital-to-home-for-children-with-medical-complexity-a-scoping-review
#3
REVIEW
Sydney Breneol, Julia Belliveau, Christine Cassidy, Janet A Curran
BACKGROUND: Children with medical complexity constitute a small but resource-intensive subgroup of children with special health care needs. Their medical fragility and resource-intensive needs put them at greater risk for inadequate transitions from hospital to home-based care, and subsequent adverse outcomes and hospital re-admissions. OBJECTIVE: This scoping literature review was conducted to map empirically researched interventions, frameworks, programs or models that could inform or support the transition from hospital to home for children with medical complexity...
May 4, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513266/a-technical-and-policy-case-study-of-large-scale-rescue-and-redistribution-of-perishable-foods-by-the-leket-israel-food-bank
#4
Dana Philip, Smadar Hod-Ovadia, Aron M Troen
BACKGROUND: Food banks seeking to rescue and redistribute highly nutritious perishable foods to simultaneously alleviate food insecurity and reduce food waste often encounter practical, ethical, and political dilemmas. OBJECTIVES: We present a case study of "Leket Israel," an Israeli food bank that uses an effective large-scale logistical model for the rescue and redistribution of perishable food and discuss the challenges and solutions it offers. RESULTS: The organization operates in a rich country plagued with poverty and inequality, where the government passively encourages nongovernmental organizations to respond to the serious and growing problem of food insecurity...
June 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508384/endoscopic-management-of-benign-esophageal-ruptures-and-leaks
#5
REVIEW
Milena Di Leo, Roberta Maselli, Elisa Chiara Ferrara, Laura Poliani, Sameer Al Awadhi, Alessandro Repici
Esophageal leaks (EL) and ruptures (ER) are rare conditions associated with a high risk of mortality and morbidity. Historically, EL and ER have been surgically treated, but current treatment options also include conservative management and endoscopy. Over the last decades, interventional endoscopy has evolved as an effective and less invasive alternative to primary surgery in these cases. A variety of techniques are currently available to re-establish the continuity of the digestive tract, prevent or treat infection related to the leak/rupture, prevent further contamination, drain potential collections, and provide nutritional support...
May 15, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506440/the-wistar-audiogenic-rat-war-strain-and-its-contributions-to-epileptology-and-related-comorbidities-history-and-perspectives
#6
Norberto Garcia-Cairasco, Eduardo H L Umeoka, José A Cortes de Oliveira
In the context of modeling epilepsy and neuropsychiatric comorbidities, we review the Wistar Audiogenic Rat (WAR), first introduced to the neuroscience international community more than 25years ago. The WAR strain is a genetically selected reflex model susceptible to audiogenic seizures (AS), acutely mimicking brainstem-dependent tonic-clonic seizures and chronically (by audiogenic kindling), temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). Seminal neuroethological, electrophysiological, cellular, and molecular protocols support the WAR strain as a suitable and reliable animal model to study the complexity and emergent functions typical of epileptogenic networks...
May 11, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505697/-the-development-of-palliative-care-hospital-support-teams-hpcts-in-bavaria-from-2011-2015-tasks-acceptance-structure-and-funding
#7
Johanna Anneser, Tamara Thurn, Gian Domenico Borasio
Introduction Palliative care hospital support teams (HPCTs) provide inpatients from all departments palliative medical support. Seriously ill as well as dying patients, who are being treated in facilities that do not have their own palliative care unit, can benefit from these multi-professional teams just as much as patients who do not (yet) need to be admitted to a palliative care unit. At the end of 2015, 53 HPCTs, which were in accordance with the requirements established in the "Program for HPCTs" by the Bavarian Ministry of Health in 2009, had been approved in Bavaria...
May 15, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503043/integration-of-specialized-pain-control-services-in-palliative-care-a-nationwide-web-based-survey
#8
Nivedita Dilip Page
INTRODUCTION: Pain control is an important part of palliative care (PC), and conventional analgesics do not provide adequate pain relief to all patients. Many patients present with complex pain syndromes that require interventional pain control measures usually deployed by pain specialists. There is adequate integration of specialized pain control services with PC elsewhere, but information about the same in our country is lacking. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An internet survey was conducted among palliative specialists regarding the need and availability of pain specialists for their patients suffering from complex pain syndromes...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499602/from-polyelectrolyte-complexes-to-polyelectrolyte-multilayers-electrostatic-assembly-nanostructure-dynamics-and-functional-properties
#9
Biswa P Das, Marina Tsianou
Polyelectrolyte complexes (PECs) are three-dimensional macromolecular structures formed by association of oppositely charged polyelectrolytes in solution. Polyelectrolyte multilayers (PEMs) can be considered a special case of PECs prepared by layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly that involves sequential deposition of molecular-thick polyelectrolyte layers with nanoscale control over the size, shape, composition and internal organization. Although many functional PEMs with novel physical and chemical characteristics have been developed, the current practical applications of PEMs are limited to those that require only a few bilayers and are relatively easy to prepare...
December 16, 2016: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499293/-current-audiological-diagnostics
#10
Sebastian Hoth, Izet Baljić
Today's audiological functional diagnostics is based on a stock of hearing tests, whose large number takes account of the variety of malfunctions of a complex sensory organ system and the necessity to examine it in a differentiated manner and at any age of life. The objective is to identify nature and origin of the hearing loss and to quantify its extent as far as necessary to dispose of the information needed to initiate the adequate medical (conservative or operational) treatment or the provision with technical hearing aids or prostheses...
April 2017: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498581/the-contemporary-refugee-crisis-an-overview-of-mental-health-challenges
#11
Derrick Silove, Peter Ventevogel, Susan Rees
There has been an unprecedented upsurge in the number of refugees worldwide, the majority being located in low-income countries with limited resources in mental health care. This paper considers contemporary issues in the refugee mental health field, including developments in research, conceptual models, social and psychological interventions, and policy. Prevalence data yielded by cross-sectional epidemiological studies do not allow a clear distinction to be made between situational forms of distress and frank mental disorder, a shortcoming that may be addressed by longitudinal studies...
June 2017: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485132/robust-numerical-phase-stabilization-for-long-range-swept-source-optical-coherence-tomography
#12
Shaozhen Song, Jingjiang Xu, Shaojie Men, Tueng T Shen, Ruikang K Wang
A novel phase stabilization technique is demonstrated with significant improvement in the phase stability of a micro-electromechanical (MEMS) vertical cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) based swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) system. Without any requirements of hardware modifications, the new fully numerical phase stabilization technique features high tolerance to acquisition jitter, and significantly reduced budget in computational effort. We demonstrate that when measured with biological tissue, this technique enables a phase sensitivity of 89 mrad in highly scattering tissue, with image ranging distance of up to 12...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474972/reaching-rural-ohio-with-intellectual-disability-psychiatry
#13
Julie P Gentile, Allison E Cowan, Beth Harper, Ryan Mast, Brian Merrill
Individuals with intellectual disability experience higher rates of mental illness when compared with the general population, and there is a lack of medical and mental health professionals in rural and under-served areas. With the increase in discharge of individuals from institutional settings back to their home communities into the least restrictive environments, there are more patients with complex needs being added to the schedules of physicians in the outpatient delivery care system. Patients with disabilities may not travel well or tolerate changes in routine so may not have access to psychiatry...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471149/clinical-imaging-in-patients-with-fever-and-suspected-endocarditis
#14
Benedetta DE Chiara, Antonella Moreo
Echocardiography remains the cornerstone of the diagnostic of anatomic lesions and consequences on cardiac function caused by infective endocarditis (IE). There is now evidence that other imaging techniques are useful in reducing the number of non-conclusive diagnoses, in particular when IE is suspected on prosthetic material or devices. Besides diagnosis, cardiac imaging strongly contributes to prognostic assessment, indications for early surgery and patient follow-up. It is required a specific expertise for implementing and interpreting all imaging techniques and the complexity of decision-making highlights the need for a multidisciplinary management of difficult cases in specialized endocarditis teams...
May 3, 2017: Minerva Cardioangiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469925/periodontal-profile-and-radiographic-characterization-of-the-jaws-in-a-patient-with-autosomal-dominant-osteopetrosis
#15
Davi da Silva Barbirato, Mariana Fampa Fogacci, Mariana Arruda, Monique Oliveira Rodrigues, Leonardo Vieira Neto
Osteopetrosis (OP) comprehends a rare group of conditions, presenting on radiographs increased bone density, deriving from irregularities in osteoclast differentiation or function. In the autosomal dominant osteopetrosis (ADO), some patients stay asymptomatic for some time, or only develop mild symptoms. The dental surgeon is often the first to presuppose the disease during routine imaging examinations, referring the patient to a specialized medical group. Furthermore, osteomyelitis is one of the major OP complications, and should be refrained through frequent dental monitoring...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468935/neurodegenerative-disease-models-mechanisms-and-a-new-hope
#16
EDITORIAL
Aaron D Gitler, Paraminder Dhillon, James Shorter
Neurodegeneration is a feature of many debilitating, incurable diseases that are rapidly rising in prevalence, such as Parkinson's disease. There is an urgent need to develop new and more effective therapeutic strategies to combat these devastating diseases. Models - from cell-based systems, to unicellular organisms, to complex animals - have proven to be a useful tool to help the research community shed light on the mechanisms underlying neurodegenerative diseases, and these advances have now begun to provide promising therapeutic avenues...
May 1, 2017: Disease Models & Mechanisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454534/palliative-care-for-people-with-dementia-in-the-terminal-phase-a-mixed-methods-qualitative-study-to-inform-service-development
#17
Jenny T van der Steen, Natashe Lemos Dekker, Marie-José H E Gijsberts, Laura H Vermeulen, Margje M Mahler, B Anne-Mei The
BACKGROUND: When entering the dying phase, the nature of physical, psychosocial and spiritual care needs of people with dementia and their families may change. Our objective was to understand what needs to be in place to develop optimal palliative care services for the terminal phase in the face of a small evidence base. METHODS: In 2015-2016, we performed a mixed-methods qualitative study in which we (1) analysed the domains and recommendations from the European Association for Palliative Care (EAPC) dementia white paper and identified those with particular relevance for the terminal phase; (2) performed a series of focus group discussions with Dutch family caregivers of people with dementia in variable stages; (3) conducted interviews with experts involved in 15 special forms of terminal care for people with dementia in five countries...
April 28, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451316/quantitative-self-powered-electrochromic-biosensors
#18
Miguel Aller Pellitero, Anton Guimerà, Maria Kitsara, Rosa Villa, Camille Rubio, Boris Lakard, Marie-Laure Doche, Jean-Yves Hihn, F Javier Del Campo
Self-powered sensors are analytical devices able to generate their own energy, either from the sample itself or from their surroundings. The conventional approaches rely heavily on silicon-based electronics, which results in increased complexity and cost, and prevents the broader use of these smart systems. Here we show that electrochromic materials can overcome the existing limitations by simplifying device construction and avoiding the need for silicon-based electronics entirely. Electrochromic displays can be built into compact self-powered electrochemical sensors that give quantitative information readable by the naked eye, simply controlling the current path inside them through a combination of specially arranged materials...
March 1, 2017: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450372/evolutionary-conservation-and-emerging-functional-diversity-of-the-cytosolic-hsp70-j-protein-chaperone-network-of-arabidopsis-thaliana
#19
Amit K Verma, Danish Diwan, Sandeep Raut, Neha Dobriyal, Rebecca E Brown, Vinita Gowda, Justin K Hines, Chandan Sahi
Heat shock proteins of 70 kDa (Hsp70s) partner with structurally diverse Hsp40s (J proteins) generating distinct chaperone networks in various cellular compartments performing myriad housekeeping and stress associated functions in all organisms. Plants being sessile need to constantly maintain their cellular proteostasis in response to external environmental cues. In these situations, the Hsp70:J protein machines may play important role in fine tuning the cellular protein quality control. Although ubiquitous, the functional specificity and complexity of the plant Hsp70:J protein network has not been studied...
April 26, 2017: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437764/the-use-of-lithium-for-the-treatment-of-bipolar-disorder-recommendations-from-clinical-practice-guidelines
#20
Gin S Malhi, Danielle Gessler, Tim Outhred
BACKGROUND: Lithium is an effective mood stabilizer that is used principally for the management of bipolar disorder (BD). Its administration is complex and often requires sophisticated management and assiduous monitoring. When considering the use of lithium therapy for bipolar disorder, clinicians are advised to refer to recommendations outlined in clinical practice guidelines (CPGs); but because of varying emphases placed by different international CPGs, recommendations addressing the practical use of lithium lack consistency...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
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