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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429488/interdisciplinary-periodontics-the-multidisciplinary-approach-to-the-planning-and-treatment-of-complex-cases
#1
REVIEW
Karl M Lyons, Ivan Darby
Periodontics cannot be practiced in isolation as frequently many patients have multiple dental needs or medical health issues requiring management. In addition, pathology may manifest in the periodontal tissues, and the onset and progression of periodontitis can be affected by systemic conditions, such as diabetes, and vice versa. The focus of this volume of Periodontology 2000 is interdisciplinary periodontics, and the articles included discuss the interactions and the interrelationshipbetween periodontal tissues/periodontal diseases and endodontics, fixed prosthodontics, implant dentistry, esthetics, gerodontology, radiology, orthodontics, pediatric dentistry, oral and maxillofacial surgery, oral pathology, special needs dentistry and general medicine...
June 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429476/periodontal-disease-and-the-special-needs-patient
#2
REVIEW
Louise F Brown, Pauline J Ford, Anne L Symons
Individuals with special needs are at more risk of dental disease, including periodontal diseases, and have a greater prevalence and incidence of periodontal diseases than the rest of the population. Genetic or medical conditions, and/or the use of prescription medication or recreational substances, may further increase the risk for susceptibility to periodontal disease. The success of preventing or controlling periodontal diseases amongst this group of patients has not been established. Even those individuals who access regular and comprehensive dental care appear to develop periodontal diseases as they age, and this development occurs at a rate comparable to the natural history of the disease...
June 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426522/patient-safety-culture-survey-in-pediatric-complex-care-settings-a-factor-analysis
#3
Amanda J Hessels, Meghan Murray, Bevin Cohen, Elaine L Larson
OBJECTIVES: Children with complex medical needs are increasing in number and demanding the services of pediatric long-term care facilities (pLTC), which require a focus on patient safety culture (PSC). However, no tool to measure PSC has been tested in this unique hybrid acute care-residential setting. The objective of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Nursing Home Survey on Patient Safety Culture tool slightly modified for use in the pLTC setting. METHODS: Factor analyses were performed on data collected from 239 staff at 3 pLTC in 2012...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423982/from-data-to-improved-decisions-operations-research-in-healthcare-delivery
#4
Muge Capan, Anahita Khojandi, Brian T Denton, Kimberly D Williams, Turgay Ayer, Jagpreet Chhatwal, Murat Kurt, Jennifer Mason Lobo, Mark S Roberts, Greg Zaric, Shengfan Zhang, J Sanford Schwartz
BACKGROUND: The Operations Research Interest Group (ORIG) within the Society of Medical Decision Making (SMDM) is a multidisciplinary interest group of professionals that specializes in taking an analytical approach to medical decision making and healthcare delivery. ORIG is interested in leveraging mathematical methods associated with the field of Operations Research (OR) to obtain data-driven solutions to complex healthcare problems and encourage collaborations across disciplines. This paper introduces OR for the non-expert and draws attention to opportunities where OR can be utilized to facilitate solutions to healthcare problems...
April 1, 2017: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415219/role-separating-ordering-in-social-dilemmas-controlled-by-topological-frustration
#5
Marco A Amaral, Matjaž Perc, Lucas Wardil, Attila Szolnoki, Elton J da Silva Júnior, Jafferson K L da Silva
''Three is a crowd" is an old proverb that applies as much to social interactions as it does to frustrated configurations in statistical physics models. Accordingly, social relations within a triangle deserve special attention. With this motivation, we explore the impact of topological frustration on the evolutionary dynamics of the snowdrift game on a triangular lattice. This topology provides an irreconcilable frustration, which prevents anticoordination of competing strategies that would be needed for an optimal outcome of the game...
March 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413063/amniotic-membrane-application-for-the-healing-of-chronic-wounds-and-ulcers
#6
Gregorio Castellanos, Ángel Bernabé-García, José M Moraleda, Francisco J Nicolás
Wound healing usually follows a predictable sequence and prognosis of events. Its evolutionary process is the result of a complicated interaction between patient-related factors, the wound, the treatment used and the skills and knowledge of the professionals who treat them. Only through a meticulous initial assessment of the wound is it possible to identify the factors that contribute to its complexity. The challenge for professionals will be to implement efficient therapies at the right time and in the most cost-efficient way in order to reduce associated problems, treat the symptoms and expectations of the patients and achieve adequate wound healing whenever possible...
April 10, 2017: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410977/intravital-imaging-of-the-kidney
#7
REVIEW
Takashi Hato, Seth Winfree, Pierre C Dagher
Two-photon intravital microscopy is a powerful tool that allows the examination of dynamic cellular processes in the live animal with unprecedented resolution. Indeed, it offers the ability to address unique biological questions that may not be solved by other means. While two-photon intravital microscopy has been successfully applied to study many organs, the kidney presents its own unique challenges that need to be overcome in order to optimize and validate imaging data. For kidney imaging, the complexity of renal architecture and salient autofluorescence merit special considerations as these elements directly impact image acquisition and data interpretation...
April 11, 2017: Methods: a Companion to Methods in Enzymology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409254/pediatric-brain-mri-part-1-basic-techniques
#8
REVIEW
Mai-Lan Ho, Norbert G Campeau, Thang D Ngo, Unni K Udayasankar, Kirk M Welker
Pediatric neuroimaging is a complex and specialized field that uses magnetic resonance (MR) imaging as the workhorse for diagnosis. Standard MR techniques used in adult neuroimaging are suboptimal for imaging in pediatrics because there are significant differences in the child's developing brain. These differences include size, myelination and sulcation. MR protocols need to be tailored to the specific indication and reviewed by the supervising radiologist in real time, and the specialized needs of this population require careful consideration of issues such as scan timing, sequence order, sedation, anesthesia and gadolinium administration...
May 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400785/dihydroflavonol-4-reductase-genes-from-freesia-hybrida-play-important-and-partially-overlapping-roles-in-the-biosynthesis-of-flavonoids
#9
Yueqing Li, Xingxue Liu, Xinquan Cai, Xiaotong Shan, Ruifang Gao, Song Yang, Taotao Han, Shucai Wang, Li Wang, Xiang Gao
Dihydroflavonol-4-reductase (DFR) is a key enzyme in the reduction of dihydroflavonols to leucoanthocyanidins in both anthocyanin biosynthesis and proanthocyanidin accumulation. In many plant species, it is encoded by a gene family, however, how the different copies evolve either to function in different tissues or at different times or to specialize in the use of different but related substrates needs to be further investigated, especially in monocot plants. In this study, a total of eight putative DFR-like genes were firstly cloned from Freesia hybrida...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399124/dual-color-fluorescence-in-situ-hybridization-fish-assays-for-detecting-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-and-mycobacterium-avium-complexes-and-related-pathogens-in-cultures
#10
Jyotsna Shah, Helena Weltman, Patricia Narciso, Christina Murphy, Akhila Poruri, Shrikala Baliga, Leesha Sharon, Mary York, Gail Cunningham, Steve Miller, Luz Caviedes, Robert Gilman, Edward Desmond, Ranjan Ramasamy
Two rapid dual color fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) assays were evaluated for detecting M. tuberculosis and related pathogens in cultures. The MN Genus-MTBC FISH assay uses an orange fluorescent probe specific for the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) and a green fluorescent probe specific for the Mycobacterium and Nocardia genera (MN Genus) to detect and distinguish MTBC from other Mycobacteria and Nocardia. A complementary MTBC-MAC FISH assay uses green and orange fluorescent probes specific for the MTBC and M...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398773/genetic-characterization-of-a-unique-recombinant-strain-identified-in-yunnan-with-genome-comprised-of-b-and-c
#11
Xiaolin Wang, Min Zhang, Jianjian Li, Tianyi Li, Changrong Sun, Hanping Li, Yongjian Liu, Siyang Liu, Daomin Zhuang, Zuoyi Bao, Jingwan Han, Jingyun Li, Lin Li
Since the first identification of HIV-1 outbreak in Dehong, Yunnan province has been the epidemic center of HIV in China. Due to the special geographic location and the frequent population mobility, Yunnan province contained complex HIV subtype distribution. Many new CRFs and URFs have been found in recently years. In this study, a unique HIV-1 recombinant strain (URF) genome (YN10134) was characterized from an HIV-positive female in Yunnan, China. This virus genome had a complex intersubtype recombinant structure with 8 breakpoints, composed of subtype B and subtype C...
February 10, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389967/a-file-study-of-refugee-children-referred-to-specialized-mental-health-care-from-an-individual-diagnostic-to-an-ecological-perspective
#12
Julia Villanueva O'Driscoll, Geertrui Serneels, Lindita Imeraj
The past years have been characterized by a large refugee crisis across the globe. The exposure to preflight, flight, and resettlement stressors puts refugee children and their families at risk of developing emotional and behavioral disorders. A unique Western-based approach of mental health problems seems to be insufficient to address the complexity of interactions between individual vulnerabilities and more ecological surrounding systems. We looked into (1) the reasons for referral; and (2) the process diagnostic outcomes after ethnopsychiatric and psychological assessment...
April 7, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389770/a-fast-genomic-selection-approach-for-large-genomic-data
#13
Hailan Liu, Guo-Bo Chen
We propose a novel computational method for genomic selection that combines identical-by-state (IBS)-based Haseman-Elston (HE) regression and best linear prediction (BLP), called HE-BLP. Genomic best linear unbiased prediction (GBLUP) has been widely used in whole-genome prediction for breeding programs. To determine the total genetic variance of a training population, a linear mixed model (LMM) should be solved via restricted maximum likelihood (REML), whose computational complexity is the cube of the sample size...
April 7, 2017: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376886/is-the-co-location-of-gps-in-primary-care-centres-associated-with-a-higher-patient-satisfaction-evidence-from-a-population-survey-in-italy
#14
Manila Bonciani, Sara Barsanti, Anna Maria Murante
BACKGROUND: Several countries have co-located General Practitioners (GPs) in Primary Care Centres (PCCs) with other health and social care professionals in order to improve integrated care. It is not clear whether the co-location of a multidisciplinary team actually facilitates a positive patient experience concerning GP care. The aim of this study was to verify whether the co-location of GPs in PCCs is associated positively with patient satisfaction with their GP when patients have experience of a multidisciplinary team...
April 4, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371887/information-needs-of-physicians-care-coordinators-and-families-to-support-care-coordination-of-children-and-youth-with-special-health-care-needs-cyshcn
#15
Pallavi Ranade-Kharkar, Charlene Weir, Chuck Norlin, Sarah A Collins, Lou Ann Scarton, Gina B Baker, Damian Borbolla, Vanina Taliercio, Guilherme Del Fiol
Objectives: Identify and describe information needs and associated goals of physicians, care coordinators, and families related to coordinating care for medically complex children and youth with special health care needs (CYSHCN). Materials and Methods: We conducted 19 in-depth interviews with physicians, care coordinators, and parents of CYSHCN following the Critical Decision Method technique. We analyzed the interviews for information needs posed as questions using a systematic content analysis approach and categorized the questions into information need goal types and subtypes...
March 24, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364218/-memorandum-of-the-german-society-for-rheumatology-on-the-quality-of-treatment-in-rheumatology-update-2016
#16
A Zink, J Braun, E Gromnica-Ihle, D Krause, H J Lakomek, W Mau, U Müller-Ladner, J Rautenstrauch, C Specker, M Schneider
On behalf of the Steering Committee of the German Society for Rheumatology, in 2016 the Interdisciplinary Commission on Healthcare Quality updated the 2008 memorandum on rheumatological healthcare in Germany. The update considers changes in therapeutic strategies, treatment targets as well as current structures in healthcare and the political framework. It concentrates on examination of the need for rheumatologists with a background in internal medicine and determines the gap between needs and supply. The internist rheumatologist is responsible for the care of patients with inflammatory rheumatic diseases and contributes to the care of patients with severe forms of other musculoskeletal diseases...
April 2017: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362389/accessing-valuable-ligand-supports-for-transition-metals-a-modified-intermediate-scale-preparation-of-1-2-3-4-5-pentamethylcyclopentadiene
#17
Zachary Call, Meagan Suchewski, Christopher A Bradley
A reliable, intermediate scale preparation of 1,2,3,4,5-pentamethylcyclopentadiene (Cp*H) is presented, based on modifications of existing protocols that derive from initial 2-bromo-2-butene lithiation followed by acid mediated dienol cyclization. The revised synthesis and purification of the ligand avoids the use of mechanical stirring while still permitting access to significant quantities (39 g) of Cp*H in good yield (58%). The procedure offers other additional benefits, including a more controlled quench of excess lithium during the production of the intermediate heptadienols and a simplified isolation of Cp*H of sufficient purity for metallation with transition metals...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348178/craniofacial-tissue-engineering
#18
Weibo Zhang, Pamela Crotty Yelick
The craniofacial complex is composed of fundamental components such as blood vessels and nerves, and also a variety of specialized tissues such as craniofacial bones, cartilages, muscles, ligaments, and the highly specialized and unique organs, the teeth. Together, these structures provide many functions including speech, mastication, and aesthetics of the craniofacial complex. Craniofacial defects not only influence the structure and function of the jaws and face, but may also result in deleterious psychosocial issues, emphasizing the need for rapid and effective, precise, and aesthetic reconstruction of craniofacial tissues...
March 27, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347505/complexity-assessed-by-the-intermed-in-patients-with-somatic-symptom-disorder-visiting-a-specialized-outpatient-mental-health-care-setting-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Jonna F van Eck van der Sluijs, Lars de Vroege, Annick Simone van Manen, C A Th Rijnders, Prof C M van der Feltz-Cornelis
BACKGROUND: Somatic symptom disorders (SSD), a new classification in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition is associated with problematic diagnostic procedures and treatment that lead to complex care. In somatic health care, the INTERMED has been used to assess levels of complexity; however, in SSD this instrument has not yet been applied. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore complexity in patients with SSD using the INTERMED, hereby contributing to an increased comprehension of this new patient group...
February 21, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345877/direct-analysis-of-metal-ions-in-solutions-with-high-salt-concentrations-by-total-reflection-x-ray-fluorescence
#20
Mercedes Regadío, Sofía Riaño, Koen Binnemans, Tom Vander Hoogerstraete
Total reflection X-ray fluorescence (TXRF) is becoming more and more popular for elemental analysis in academia and industry. However, simplification of the procedures for analyzing samples with complex compositions and residual matrix effects is still needed. In this work, the effect of an inorganic (CaCl2) and an organic (tetraalkylphosphonium chloride) matrix on metals quantification by TXRF was investigated for liquid samples. The samples were spiked with up to 20 metals at concentrations ranging from 3 to 50 mg L(-1) per element, including elements with spectral peaks near the peaks of the matrix elements or near the Raleigh and Compton scattering peaks of the X-ray source (molybdenum anode)...
April 6, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
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