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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088500/voice-emotion-perception-and-production-in-cochlear-implant-users
#1
REVIEW
N T Jiam, M Caldwell, M L Deroche, M Chatterjee, C J Limb
Voice emotion is a fundamental component of human social interaction and social development. Unfortunately, cochlear implant users are often forced to interface with highly degraded prosodic cues as a result of device constraints in extraction, processing, and transmission. As such, individuals with cochlear implants frequently demonstrate significant difficulty in recognizing voice emotions in comparison to their normal hearing counterparts. Cochlear implant-mediated perception and production of voice emotion is an important but relatively understudied area of research...
January 11, 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081223/high-intensity-jump-training-is-tolerated-during-60-days-of-bed-rest-and-is-very-effective-in-preserving-leg-power-and-lean-body-mass-an-overview-of-the-cologne-rsl-study
#2
Andreas Kramer, Jakob Kümmel, Edwin Mulder, Albert Gollhofer, Petra Frings-Meuthen, Markus Gruber
PURPOSE: Space agencies are looking for effective and efficient countermeasures for the degrading effects of weightlessness on the human body. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of a novel jump exercise countermeasure during bed rest on vitals, body mass, body composition, and jump performance. METHODS: 23 male participants (29±6 years, 181±6 cm, 77±7 kg) were confined to a bed rest facility for 90 days: a 15-day ambulatory measurement phase, a 60-day six-degree head-down-tilt bed rest phase (HDT), and a 15-day ambulatory recovery phase...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079588/the-cricoid-force-necessary-to-occlude-the-esophageal-entrance-is-there-a-gender-difference
#3
Ahed M Zeidan, M Ramez Salem, Munir Bamadhaj, Jean-Xavier Mazoit, Hussein Sadek, Hassan Houjairy, Kamal Abdulkhaleq, Nabil Bamadhaj
BACKGROUND: We tested the hypothesis whether gender differences exist in the applied cricoid force necessary to prevent regurgitation. Real-time visual and dynamic means were used to assess the effectiveness of different applied cricoid forces in occluding the esophageal entrance in men (group 1) and in women (group 2). METHODS: In anesthetized and paralyzed patients, the glottis and esophageal entrance were visualized with a Glidescope video laryngoscope. Trained operators performed cricoid pressure (CP) and gastric tube insertion trials...
January 10, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073733/antibiotic-therapy-and-staphylococcal-skin-infections-in-a-tropical-malarial-zone-guyana-practices-in-conventional-and-exceptional-situations
#4
S-P Corcostegui, H Lefort, A Dia, V Pommier de Santi, C Carfantan, J Galant, E Lightburne, P Guénot, X Deparis, R Migliani, J-J Morand
A problem of community-acquired Staphylococcus aureus skin infections emerged in the French armed forces in 2004, in a malaria-endemic areas. The high incidence rate led us to evaluate military staff practices. This was a cross-sectional survey of doctors and nurses deployed as officers in French Guyana since 2006. The definition of skin and soft-tissue infection came from the criteria for epidemiological surveillance of the armed forces. We studied the management of antibiotic therapy and its related difficulties...
November 1, 2016: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072539/extension-of-the-reaxff-combustion-force-field-towards-syngas-combustion-and-initial-oxidation-kinetics
#5
Chowdhury Ashraf, Adri C T van Duin
A detailed insight of key reactive events related to oxidation and pyrolysis of hydrocarbon fuels further enhances our understanding of combustion chemistry. Though comprehensive kinetic models are available for smaller hydrocarbons (typically C3 or lower), developing and validating reaction mechanisms for larger hydrocarbons is a daunting task, due to the complexity of their reaction networks. The ReaxFF method provides an attractive computational method to obtain reaction kinetics for complex fuel and fuel mixtures, providing an accuracy approaching ab-initio based methods, but with a significantly lower computational expense...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069392/characterization-and-validation-of-a-split-belt-treadmill-for-measuring-hindlimb-ground-reaction-forces-in-able-bodied-and-spinalized-felines
#6
Marko Dimiskovski, Richard Scheinfield, Dwight Higgin, Alexander Krupka, Michel A Lemay
BACKGROUND: The measurement of ground reaction forces (GRFs) in animals trained to locomote on a treadmill after spinal cord injury (SCI) could prove valuable for evaluating training outcomes; however, quantitative measures of the GRFs in spinal felines are limited. NEW METHOD: A split belt treadmill was designed and constructed to measure the GRFs of feline hindlimbs during stepping. The treadmill consists of two independent treadmill assemblies, each mounted on a force plate...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068520/impact-loading-following-quadriceps-strength-training-in-individuals-with-medial-knee-osteoarthritis-and-varus-alignment
#7
Crystal O Kean, Rana S Hinman, Tim V Wrigley, Boon-Whatt Lim, Kim L Bennell
BACKGROUND: Greater impact loading at initial contact is postulated to play a role in the progression of osteoarthritis. Quadriceps weakness is common in individuals with knee osteoarthritis and may contribute to high impact loading. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of quadriceps strengthening on impact loading parameters. METHODS: Data from 97 individuals with knee osteoarthritis who participated in a randomized clinical trial examining effects of a 12-week quadriceps strengthening program was used to conduct this secondary exploratory analysis...
January 4, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068163/description-and-rate-of-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-air-force-basic-military-trainees-2012-2014
#8
Nathaniel S Nye, Mary T Pawlak, Bryant J Webber, Juste N Tchandja, Michelle R Milner
CONTEXT:  Musculoskeletal injuries are common in military trainees and have significant medical and operational effects. OBJECTIVE:  To provide current musculoskeletal injury epidemiology data for US Air Force basic military trainees. DESIGN:  Descriptive epidemiologic study with cross-sectional features. SETTING:  US Air Force Basic Military Training, Joint Base San Antonio-Lackland, Texas. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:  All recruits who entered training between July 1, 2012, and June 30, 2014...
November 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066693/society-of-pediatric-psychology-workforce-survey-development-of-survey-methods-sample-characteristics-and-lessons-learned
#9
Tim Wysocki, Cheryl L Brosig, Marisa E Hilliard
There are few detailed workforce studies of specialty fields within professional psychology, and none have been reported for pediatric psychology since 2006. Availability of such data could facilitate more-informed decision making by students and trainees, psychologists pursuing employment opportunities, and psychologists involved in employment or compensation negotiations. This article describes the work of a task force of the American Psychological Association (APA) Division 54 (Society of Pediatric Psychology) in the design, construction, pretesting, distribution, and data management for the Society of Pediatric Psychology (SPP) Workforce Survey...
March 2016: Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064225/influence-of-mechanical-force-on-bone-matrix-proteins-in-ovariectomised-mice-and-osteoblast-like-mc3t3-e1-cells
#10
Meng Zhang, Shintaro Ishikawa, Tomoko Inagawa, Hideshi Ikemoto, Shiyu Guo, Masataka Sunagawa, Tadashi Hisamitsu
AIM: To investigate the effect of mechanical stress on periostin and semaphorin-3A expression in a murine model of postmenopausal osteoporosis and in osteoblast-like MC3T3-E1 cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Female mice were divided into three groups and treated with a sham operation, ovariectomy (OVX) or OVX plus treadmill training (OVX+Run). After 10 weeks, tibias were used for histological analysis. MC3T3-E1 cells were burdened by mechanical stress using a centrifuge or were treated with periostin, and the production of biologically-active semaphorin-3A was examined in vitro...
2, 2017: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063436/the-many-body-expansion-combined-with-neural-networks
#11
Kun Yao, John E Herr, John Parkhill
Fragmentation methods such as the many-body expansion (MBE) are a common strategy to model large systems by partitioning energies into a hierarchy of decreasingly significant contributions. The number of calculations required for chemical accuracy is still prohibitively expensive for the ab initio MBE to compete with force field approximations for applications beyond single-point energies. Alongside the MBE, empirical models of ab initio potential energy surfaces have improved, especially non-linear models based on neural networks (NNs) which can reproduce ab initio potential energy surfaces rapidly and accurately...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062529/a-mixed-reality-simulator-concept-for-future-medical-emergency-response-team-training
#12
Robert J Stone, R Guest, P Mahoney, D Lamb, C Gibson
The UK Defence Medical Service's Pre-Hospital Emergency Care (PHEC) capability includes rapid-deployment Medical Emergency Response Teams (MERTs) comprising tri-service trauma consultants, paramedics and specialised nurses, all of whom are qualified to administer emergency care under extreme conditions to improve the survival prospects of combat casualties. The pre-deployment training of MERT personnel is designed to foster individual knowledge, skills and abilities in PHEC and in small team performance and cohesion in 'mission-specific' contexts...
January 6, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062041/improved-force-spectroscopy-using-focused-ion-beam-modified-cantilevers
#13
J K Faulk, D T Edwards, M S Bull, T T Perkins
Atomic force microscopy (AFM) is widely used in biophysics, including force-spectroscopy studies of protein folding and protein-ligand interactions. The precision of such studies increases with improvements in the underlying quality of the data. Currently, data quality is limited by the mechanical properties of the cantilever when using a modern commercial AFM. The key tradeoff is force stability vs short-term force precision and temporal resolution. Here, we present a method that avoids this compromise: efficient focused-ion-beam (FIB) modification of commercially available cantilevers...
2017: Methods in Enzymology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056090/accurate-de-novo-prediction-of-protein-contact-map-by-ultra-deep-learning-model
#14
Sheng Wang, Siqi Sun, Zhen Li, Renyu Zhang, Jinbo Xu
MOTIVATION: Protein contacts contain key information for the understanding of protein structure and function and thus, contact prediction from sequence is an important problem. Recently exciting progress has been made on this problem, but the predicted contacts for proteins without many sequence homologs is still of low quality and not very useful for de novo structure prediction. METHOD: This paper presents a new deep learning method that predicts contacts by integrating both evolutionary coupling (EC) and sequence conservation information through an ultra-deep neural network formed by two deep residual neural networks...
January 5, 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052435/lumbar-spine-postures-in-marines-during-simulated-operational-positions
#15
David B Berry, Ana E Rodríguez-Soto, J Su, Sara P Gombatto, Bahar Shahidi, Laura Palombo, Christine Chung, Andrew Jensen, Karen R Kelly, Samuel R Ward
Low back pain has a 70% higher prevalence in members of the armed forces than in the general population, possibly due to the loads and positions soldiers experience during training and combat. Although the influence of heavy load carriage on standing lumbar spine posture in this population is known, postures in other operationally relevant positions are unknown. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to characterize the effect of simulated military operational positions under relevant loading conditions on global and local lumbar spine postures in active duty male US Marines...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051980/physical-performance-and-attrition-among-u-s-air-force-trainees-participating-in-the-basic-military-training-fueling-initiative
#16
Carrissa G Bartlett, Susan Stankorb
INTRODUCTION: Dietary intake of military initial entry trainees is often inadequate because of the structured food environment, lack of snacking, and limited time for meals. Inadequate intake during training increases risk for injury, poor performance, and attrition from training. A performance nutrition initiative was implemented at Joint Base San Antonio Lackland to mitigate this inadequacy in Air Force trainees and better reflect recommendations for active populations and mitigate nutritional inadequacy...
January 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051974/economic-analyses-of-an-alcohol-misconduct-prevention-program-in-a-military-setting
#17
Tao Li, Teresa M Waters, Erin K Kaplan, Cameron M Kaplan, Kwame A Nyarko, Karen J Derefinko, Gerald W Talcott, Robert C Klesges
OBJECTIVE: The economic burden associated with alcohol misuse, in particular early attrition or discharge associated with alcohol-related incidents (ARIs), is significant in military settings. We assessed the potential economic benefit of a brief alcohol intervention program, the Alcohol Misconduct Prevention Program (AMPP), initially implemented at Joint Base San Antonio-Lackland Technical Training site for the U.S. Air Force (USAF) from October 1, 2010, to December 31, 2012. METHODS: We conducted cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit analyses of the AMPP from the perspective of the USAF...
January 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051333/optimal-loading-for-maximising-power-during-sled-resisted-sprinting
#18
Matt R Cross, Matt Brughelli, Pierre Samozino, Scott R Brown, Jean-Benoit Morin
Purpose We sought to ascertain whether force-velocity-power relationships could be compiled from a battery of sled-resisted over-ground sprints, and to clarify and compare the optimal loading conditions for maximising power production for different athlete cohorts. Methods Recreational mixed-sport athletes (n=12) and sprinters (n=15) performed multiple trials of maximal sprints unloaded and towing a selection of sled masses (20-120% body-mass). Velocity data were collected by sports radar, and kinetics at peak velocity were quantified using friction coefficients and aerodynamic drag...
January 4, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046158/ionophore-strategy-affects-growth-performance-and-carcass-characteristics-in-feedlot-steers
#19
A J Thompson, Z K F Smith, M J Corbin, L B Harper, B J Johnson
One hundred ninety-two steers (BW = 354 ± 23.5 kg) were used in a randomized block design to evaluate the effects of ionophore and ractopamine hydrochloride (RH) supplementation strategies on performance and carcass characteristics. Twelve pens of 4 steers were assigned to each of the following treatments: unsupplemented control (CON), laidlomycin propionate (12.1 mg/kg DM) with or without RH (LPRH and LP, respectively), and monensin sodium (36.4 mg/kg DM) with RH (MSRH). Steers were fed for 151 d, of which respective treatments received RH (Actogain; Zoetis, Florham Park, NJ) at a rate of 300 mg/(animal · d) for the final 32 d...
December 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045764/implementation-and-quality-improvement-of-a-screening-and-counseling-program-for-unhealthy-alcohol-use-in-an-academic-general-internal-medicine-practice
#20
Daniel E Jonas, Thomas Miller, Shana Ratner, Brooke McGuirt, Carol E Golin, Catherine Grodensky, Emily Sturkie, Jennifer Kinley, Maureen Dale, Michael Pignone
Unhealthy alcohol use is the third leading cause of preventable death in the United States. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends screening for unhealthy alcohol use but little is known about how best to do so. We used quality improvement techniques to implement a systematic approach to screening and counseling primary care patients for unhealthy alcohol use. Components included use of validated screening and assessment instruments; an evidence-based two-visit counseling intervention using motivational interviewing techniques for those with risky drinking behaviors who did not have an alcohol use disorder (AUD); shared decision making about treatment options for those with an AUD; support materials for providers and patients; and training in motivational interviewing for faculty and residents...
January 2017: Journal for Healthcare Quality: Official Publication of the National Association for Healthcare Quality
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