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neuromuscular ultrasound

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765874/predictive-variables-for-sonographically-guided-corticosteroid-injection-in-mild-to-moderate-carpal-tunnel-syndrome
#1
Seong Yun Chung, Jung Min Kwak, Seok Kang, Seong-Ho Son, Jae Do Kim, Joon Shik Yoon
Objective: To assess the predictive variables after sonographically guided corticosteroid injection in carpal tunnel syndrome. Methods: A prospective, observational study was carried out on 25 wrists of 20 consecutive patients with carpal tunnel syndrome, confirmed by the American Association of Neuromuscular and Electrodiagnostic Medicine criteria, which includes clinical history, symptoms, and evidence of slowing of distal median nerve conduction. Visual analogue scale (VAS) and Boston Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire (BCTQ) were asked to the patients before and 4 weeks after the procedure...
April 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695727/functional-and-morphological-changes-in-the-deep-lumbar-multifidus-using-electromyography-and-ultrasound
#2
Shanshan Zhang, Yi Xu, Xiulan Han, Wen Wu, Yan Tang, Chuhuai Wang
Surface electromyography (sEMG) studies have indicated that chronic low back pain (cLBP) involves altered electromyographic activity and morphological structure of the lumbar multifidus (LM) beyond pain perception; however, most studies have evaluated the superficial lumbar multifidus. It is difficult to record electromyography (EMG) signals from the deep multifidus (DM) to determine the neuromuscular activation patterns, making it difficult to determine the relationship between functional and structural changes in cLBP...
April 25, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679393/neuromuscular-ultrasound-findings-in-eosinophilic-fasciitis-a-case-series-and-literature-review
#3
Michael Verenes, Sarah L Stone, Lisa D Hobson-Webb, Justin T Mhoon, Amanda C Guidon, Carolina De Jesus-Acosta, Michael S Cartwright
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2018: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672872/neuromuscular-ultrasound-of-the-brachial-plexus-a-standardized-approach
#4
REVIEW
Vanessa Baute, Jeffrey A Strakowski, Jon W Reynolds, Kristopher R Karvelas, Paul Ehlers, Kevin J Brenzy, Zhongyu J Li, Michael S Cartwright
Reliable assessment of brachial plexus disorders can be challenging due to the complexity of the anatomy and variation of potential pathology. Electrodiagnostic testing can be both uncomfortable for the patient and inconclusive. Ultrasound can serve as a complement to clinical assessment, electrodiagnostic testing, and other imaging modalities. This paper describes a systematic approach for performing neuromuscular ultrasound for suspected pathology in the brachial plexus. The literature regarding techniques for brachial plexus ultrasound was reviewed...
April 19, 2018: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666207/split-hand-muscle-echo-intensity-index-as-a-reliable-imaging-marker-for-differential-diagnosis-of-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#5
Hung Youl Seok, Jinseok Park, Yoo Hwan Kim, Ki-Wook Oh, Seung Hyun Kim, Byung-Jo Kim
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the usefulness of muscle ultrasound in evaluating dissociated small hand muscle atrophy, termed 'split hand', and its feasibility in the diagnosis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). METHODS: Forty-four patients with ALS, 18 normal subjects and 9 patients with other neuromuscular disorders were included in this study. The hand muscles were divided into three regions, the median-innervated lateral hand muscle group (ML), the ulnar-innervated lateral hand muscle (UL) and the ulnar-innervated medial hand muscle (UM), and the muscle echo intensity (EI) and compound muscle action potential (CMAP) were measured...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609585/the-association-between-balance-and-free-living-physical-activity-in-an-older-community-dwelling-adult-population-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Ilona I McMullan, Suzanne M McDonough, Mark A Tully, Margaret Cupples, Karen Casson, Brendan P Bunting
BACKGROUND: Poor balance is associated with an increased risk of falling, disability and death in older populations. To better inform policies and help reduce the human and economic cost of falls, this novel review explores the effects of free-living physical activity on balance in older (50 years and over) healthy community-dwelling adults. METHODS: Search methods: CENTRAL, Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group Specialised register and CDSR in the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsychINFO, and AMED were searched from inception to 7th June 2016...
April 2, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578461/comparison-of-isometric-cervical-flexor-and-isometric-cervical-extensor-system-exercises-on-patients-with-neuromuscular-imbalance-and-cervical-crossed-syndrome-associated-forward-head-posture
#7
Jaejin Lee, Dohyeon Kim, Kyunghoon Yu, Youngki Cho, Joshua H You
BACKGROUND: Isometric cervical flexor system exercise (ICF) and isometric cervical extensor system exercise (ICE) are cervical stabilization techniques that have been used to restore cervical crossed syndrome (CCS)-associated forward head posture. However, the therapeutic effects and underlying motor control mechanisms remain elusive. PURPOSE: The purpose of present study was investigating the concurrent therapeutic effects of ICF and ICE on muscle size, muscle imbalance ratio, and muscle recruitment sequence using ultrasound imaging and electromyography...
2018: Bio-medical Materials and Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554145/determining-gestational-age-and-preterm-birth-in-rural-guatemala-a-comparison-of-methods
#8
John R Weinstein, Lisa M Thompson, Anaité Díaz Artiga, Joe P Bryan, William E Arriaga, Saad B Omer, John P McCracken
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is the leading cause of death among children <5 years of age. Accurate determination of prematurity is necessary to provide appropriate neonatal care and guide preventive measures. To estimate the most accurate method to identify infants at risk for adverse outcomes, we assessed the validity of two widely available methods-last menstrual period (LMP) and the New Ballard (NB) neonatal assessment-against ultrasound in determining gestational age and preterm birth in highland Guatemala...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525201/glenohumeral-joint-translation-and-muscle-activity-in-patients-with-symptomatic-rotator-cuff-pathology-an-ultrasonographic-and-electromyographic-study-with-age-matched-controls
#9
Sangeeta Rathi, Nicholas F Taylor, Brendan Soo, Rodney A Green
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether patients with symptomatic rotator cuff pathology had more glenohumeral joint translation and different patterns of rotator cuff muscle activity compared to controls. DESIGN: Repeated measurements of glenohumeral translation and muscle activity in two positions and six testing conditions in two groups. METHODS: Twenty participants with a symptomatic and diagnosed rotator cuff tear and 20 age, and gender matched controls were included...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503330/botulinum-toxin-in-movement-disorders
#10
REVIEW
Priyanka Tater, Sanjay Pandey
Botulinum toxin has gained immense popularity since its introduction for therapeutic use. It is used in a variety of movement disorders like hemi-facial spasm, focal dystonias like blepharospasm, cervical dystonia, oromandibular dystonia, limb dystonias. It is also being used in patients with tremors, tics and for a variety of indications in Parkinson's disease as well. There are eight subtypes of toxins available, but type A and B are the ones used in movement disorder clinics. The toxin mainly acts by inhibiting the release of acetylcholine at the neuromuscular junction and causing weakness...
March 2018: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485291/differences-between-men-and-women-in-balance-and-tremor-in-relation-to-plantar-fascia-laxity-during-the-menstrual-cycle
#11
Haneul Lee, Jerrold Petrofsky
CONTEXT:   Although much attention has been paid to the effect of estrogen on the knee ligaments, little has been done to examine the ligaments in the foot, such as the plantar fascia, and how they may be altered during the menstrual cycle. OBJECTIVE:   To (1) examine sex differences in plantar fascia thickness and laxity and postural sway and (2) identify any menstrual cycle effects on plantar fascia laxity, postural sway, and neuromuscular tremor between menstruation and the ovulation phase...
March 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467022/recovery-of-muscle-function-after-deep-neuromuscular-block-by-means-of-diaphragm-ultrasonography-and-adductor-of-pollicis-acceleromyography-with-comparison-of-neostigmine-vs-sugammadex-as-reversal-drugs-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Iacopo Cappellini, Fabio Picciafuochi, Daniele Ostento, Ginevra Danti, Angelo Raffaele De Gaudio, Chiara Adembri
BACKGROUND: The extensive use of neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBAs) during surgical procedures still leads to potential residual paralyzing effects in the postoperative period. Indeed, neuromuscular monitoring in an intra-operative setting is strongly advocated. Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors can reverse muscle block, but their short half-life may lead to residual curarization in the ward, especially when intermediate or long-acting NMBAs have been administered. Sugammadex is the first selective reversal drug for steroidal NMBAs; it has been shown to give full and rapid recovery of muscle strength, thus minimizing the occurrence of residual curarization...
February 21, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463441/perineal-ultrasound-a-review-in-the-context-of-ejaculatory-dysfunction
#13
REVIEW
Connor M Forbes, Ryan Flannigan, Darius A Paduch
BACKGROUND: Ejaculation consists of the emission of semen from seminal vesicles and prostate, followed by expulsion. Ejaculatory dysfunction may take several forms including premature ejaculation, delayed or anejaculation, retrograde ejaculation, and painful ejaculation. Ejaculation is what we can see whereas orgasm is what we feel. The presence of ejaculate does not indicate the ability to experience orgasm. Hence, for the purpose of this work we consider orgasm and ejaculation as 2 separate neurobiological phenomena...
February 17, 2018: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441401/exercise-induced-fatigue-in-young-people-advances-and-future-perspectives
#14
REVIEW
Dimitrios A Patikas, Craig A Williams, Sébastien Ratel
PURPOSE: In recent decades, the interest for exercise-induced fatigue in youth has substantially increased, and the effects of growth on the peripheral (muscular) and central (neural) mechanisms underpinning differences in neuromuscular fatigue between healthy children and adults have been described more extensively. The purpose of this review is to retrieve, report, and analyse the findings of studies comparing neuromuscular fatigue between children and adults. Objective measures of the evaluation of the physiological mechanisms are discussed...
February 13, 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438332/diaphragmatic-palsy
#15
REVIEW
Laxmi Kokatnur, Mohan Rudrappa
The diaphragm is the primary muscle of respiration, and its weakness can lead to respiratory failure. Diaphragmatic palsy can be caused by various causes. Injury to the phrenic nerve during thoracic surgeries is the most common cause for diaphragmatic palsy. Depending on the cause, the symptoms of diaphragmatic palsies vary from completely asymptomatic to disabling dyspnea requiring mechanical ventilation. On pulmonary function tests, there will be a decrease in the maximum respiratory muscle power. Spirometry shows reduced lung functions and a significant drop of lung function in supine position is typical of diaphragmatic palsy...
February 13, 2018: Diseases (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435205/percutaneous-salivary-gland-ablation-using-ethanol-in-a-rat-model
#16
Emma Burch, Lacey Lubeley, James Murakami
Objectives: Sialorrhea is a common health and psychosocial problem for children with neuromuscular dysfunction secondary to a variety of disorders such as cerebral palsy. Current accepted treatments include the injection of botulinum toxin into the submandibular glands for temporary symptom relief. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the feasibility of percutaneous ethanol injection for longer lasting salivary gland ablation in an animal model. Material and Methods: Twenty rats were used in this study...
October 2017: Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406380/progressive-diaphragm-atrophy-in-pediatric-acute-respiratory-failure
#17
Christie L Glau, Thomas W Conlon, Adam S Himebauch, Nadir Yehya, Scott L Weiss, Robert A Berg, Akira Nishisaki
OBJECTIVES: Diaphragm atrophy is associated with delayed weaning from mechanical ventilation and increased mortality in critically ill adults. We sought to test for the presence of diaphragm atrophy in children with acute respiratory failure. DESIGN: Prospective, observational study. SETTING: Single-center tertiary noncardiac PICU in a children's hospital. PATIENTS: Invasively ventilated children with acute respiratory failure...
February 5, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398294/imaging-of-respiratory-muscles-in-neuromuscular-disease-a-review
#18
REVIEW
L Harlaar, P Ciet, A T van der Ploeg, E Brusse, N A M E van der Beek, P A Wielopolski, M de Bruijne, H A W M Tiddens, P A van Doorn
Respiratory muscle weakness frequently occurs in patients with neuromuscular disease. Measuring respiratory function with standard pulmonary function tests provides information about the contribution of all respiratory muscles, the lungs and airways. Imaging potentially enables the study of different respiratory muscles, including the diaphragm, separately. In this review, we provide an overview of imaging techniques used to study respiratory muscles in neuromuscular disease. We identified 26 studies which included a total of 573 patients with neuromuscular disease...
March 2018: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278898/diaphragm-pathophysiology-and-ultrasound-imaging-in-neuromuscular-disorders
#19
Abdallah Fayssoil, Anthony Behin, Adam Ogna, Dominique Mompoint, Helge Amthor, Bernard Clair, Pascal Laforet, Arnaud Mansart, Helene Prigent, David Orlikowski, Tanya Stojkovic, Stéphane Vinit, Robert Carlier, Bruno Eymard, Frederic Lofaso, Djillali Annane
Respiratory muscles are classically involved in neuromuscular disorders, leading to a restrictive respiratory pattern. The diaphragm is the main respiratory muscle involved during inspiration. Ultrasound imaging is a noninvasive, radiation-free, accurate and safe technique allowing assessment of diaphragm anatomy and function. The authors review the pathophysiology of diaphragm in neuromuscular disorders, the methodology and indications of diaphragm ultrasound imaging as well as possible pitfalls in the interpretation of results...
2018: Journal of Neuromuscular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208343/single-center-experience-with-intrathecal-administration-of-nusinersen-in-children-with-spinal-muscular-atrophy-type-1
#20
Astrid Pechmann, Thorsten Langer, Sabine Wider, Janbernd Kirschner
BACKGROUND: Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a neuromuscular disorder mainly characterized by proximal muscle weakness. There have been enormous advances in therapeutic development with the possibility to influence the clinical course of the disease. Nusinersen is the first approved drug to treat SMA. It is administered intrathecally and acts as splicing modifier of the SMN2 gene. METHODS: Lumbar punctures were performed using a standardized protocol. To evaluate safety and feasibility of the intrathecal treatment, vital signs and the need for sedation, analgesia or mechanical ventilation during the procedure were monitored...
January 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
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