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Beer Index

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440620/quantification-of-hepatic-perfusion-and-hepatocyte-function-with-dynamic-gadoxetic-acid-enhanced-mr-imaging-in-patients-with-chronic-liver-disease
#1
Benjamin Leporq, Jean-Luc Daire, Catherine M Pastor, Pierre Deltenre, Christine Sempoux, Sabine Schmidt, Bernard E Van Beers
The purpose of this study was to develop and perform initial validation of dynamic MR imaging enhanced with gadoxetic acid as hepatobiliary contrast agent to quantify hepatic perfusion and hepatocyte function in patients with chronic liver disease. Free-breathing, dynamic gadoxetic acid-enhanced MR imaging was performed at 3.0 T using a three-dimensional time-resolved angiography sequence with stochastic trajectories during 38 minutes. A dual-input three-compartment model was developed to derive hepatic perfusion and hepatocyte function parameters...
February 12, 2018: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415478/empirically-derived-dietary-patterns-in-uk-adults-are-associated-with-sociodemographic-characteristics-lifestyle-and-diet-quality
#2
Katharine Roberts, Janet Cade, Jeremy Dawson, Michelle Holdsworth
The aim of this study was to examine empirical dietary patterns in UK adults and their association with sociodemographic characteristics, lifestyle factors, self-reported nutrient intake, nutrient biomarkers, and the Nutrient-based Diet Quality Score (NDQS) using National Diet and Nutrition Survey data 2008-2012 (n = 2083; mean age 49 years; 43.3% male). Four patterns explained 13.6% of the total variance: 'Snacks, fast food, fizzy drinks' (SFFFD), 'Fruit, vegetables, oily fish' (FVOF), 'Meat, potatoes, beer' (MPB), and 'Sugary foods, dairy' (SFD)...
February 6, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394184/cerebral-autoregulation-in-the-prediction-of-delayed-cerebral-ischemia-and-clinical-outcome-in-poor-grade-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-patients
#3
Max Gaasch, Alois J Schiefecker, Mario Kofler, Ronny Beer, Verena Rass, Bettina Pfausler, Claudius Thomé, Erich Schmutzhard, Raimund Helbok
OBJECTIVES: Pressure reactivity index and oxygen reactivity index are used to assess cerebral autoregulation after acute brain injury. The value of autoregulation indices in the prediction of delayed cerebral ischemia and outcome in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage is still inconclusive. In this study, we aimed to focus on the predictive value of the first 72 hours commonly referred to as "early brain injury" in comparison to the overall monitoring period. DESIGN: Retrospective observational cohort study...
February 1, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322470/associations-between-the-drug-burden-index-potentially-inappropriate-medications-and-quality-of-life-in-residential-aged-care
#4
Stephanie L Harrison, Lisa Kouladjian O'Donnell, Clare E Bradley, Rachel Milte, Suzanne M Dyer, Emmanuel S Gnanamanickam, Enwu Liu, Sarah N Hilmer, Maria Crotty
BACKGROUND: Inappropriate polypharmacy may negatively impact the quality of life of residents in aged care facilities, but it remains unclear which medications may influence this reduced quality of life. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine whether the Drug Burden Index and potentially inappropriate medications were associated with quality of life in older adults living in residential care with a high prevalence of cognitive impairment and dementia...
January 11, 2018: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310971/the-relationship-of-health-food-literacy-and-salt-awareness-to-daily-sodium-and-potassium-intake-among-a-workplace-population-in-switzerland
#5
X Luta, S Hayoz, C Gréa Krause, K Sommerhalder, E Roos, P Strazzullo, S Beer-Borst
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: High sodium (Na) and low potassium (K) intake are associated with hypertension and CVD risk. This study explored the associations of health literacy (HL), food literacy (FL), and salt awareness with salt intake, K intake, and Na/K ratio in a workplace intervention trial in Switzerland. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study acquired baseline data from 141 individuals, mean age 44.6 years. Na and K intake were estimated from a single 24-h urine collection...
November 13, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244822/alcohol-consumption-and-breast-cancer-specific-and-all-cause-mortality-in-women-diagnosed-with-breast-cancer-at-the-new-york-site-of-the-breast-cancer-family-registry
#6
Nur Zeinomar, Ashley Thai, Ann J Cloud, Jasmine A McDonald, Yuyan Liao, Mary Beth Terry
PURPOSE: Alcohol consumption is an established and important risk factor for breast cancer incidence in the general population. However, the relationship between alcohol and mortality among women with breast cancer is less clear. This study examines the effect of alcohol consumption on mortality in women affected with breast cancer at baseline from a high-risk family breast and ovarian cancer registry. METHODS: We studied 1116 women affected with breast cancer at baseline from the Metropolitan New York Registry...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227230/erosion-of-state-alcohol-excise-taxes-in-the-united-states
#7
Timothy S Naimi, Jason G Blanchette, Ziming Xuan, Francis J Chaloupka
OBJECTIVE: In the United States, excessive alcohol consumption is responsible for 88,000 deaths annually and cost $249 billion, or $2.05 per drink, in 2010. Specific excise taxes, the predominant form of alcohol taxation in the United States, are based on the volume of alcohol sold rather than a percentage of price and can thus degrade over time because of inflation. The objective of this study was to describe changes in inflation-adjusted state alcohol excise taxes on a beverage-specific basis...
January 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160742/university-affiliated-alcohol-marketing-enhances-the-incentive-salience-of-alcohol-cues
#8
Bruce D Bartholow, Chris Loersch, Tiffany A Ito, Meredith P Levsen, Hannah I Volpert-Esmond, Kimberly A Fleming, Paul Bolls, Brooke K Carter
We tested whether affiliating beer brands with universities enhances the incentive salience of those brands for underage drinkers. In Study 1, 128 undergraduates viewed beer cues while event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded. Results showed that beer cues paired with in-group backgrounds (logos for students' universities) evoked an enhanced P3 ERP component, a neural index of incentive salience. This effect varied according to students' levels of identification with their university, and the amplitude of the P3 response prospectively predicted alcohol use over 1 month...
November 1, 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119486/potentially-harmful-medication-use-and-decline-in-health-related-quality-of-life-among-community-dwelling-older-adults
#9
Kenya Ie, Eric Chou, Richard D Boyce, Steven M Albert
BACKGROUND: Several scales to quantify the impact of potentially harmful medications (PHMs) have been shown to predict mortality and functional decline; however, the effect of PHMs on quality of life (QoL) has not been well-studied. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to investigate an association between PHM use and change in health-related QoL among community-dwelling older adults, and to compare the predictive capacity of PHM scales. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using prescription claims data and survey responses...
December 2017: Drugs—Real World Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080550/frequency-of-use-and-acceptability-of-clinical-prediction-rules-for-pulmonary-embolism-among-swiss-general-internal-medicine-residents
#10
N Faller, O Stalder, A Limacher, S Bassetti, J H Beer, D Genné, E Battegay, D Hayoz, J Leuppi, B Mueller, A Perrier, G Waeber, N Rodondi, D Aujesky
INTRODUCTION: Whether clinical prediction rules for pulmonary embolism are accepted and used among general internal medicine residents remains uncertain. We therefore evaluated the frequency of use and acceptability of the Revised Geneva Score (RGS) and the Pulmonary Embolism Severity Index (PESI), and explored which factors were associated with rule use. MATERIALS/METHODS: In an online survey among general internal medicine residents from 10 Swiss hospitals, we assessed rule acceptability using the Ottawa Acceptability of Decision Rules Instrument (OADRI) and explored the association between physician and training-related factors and rule use using mixed logistic regression models...
October 18, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066875/potentially-inappropriate-medications-in-hospitalized-older-patients-a-cross-sectional-study-using-the-beers-2015-criteria-versus-the-2012-criteria
#11
Xiaolin Zhang, Shuang Zhou, Kunming Pan, Xinran Li, Xia Zhao, Ying Zhou, Yimin Cui, Xinmin Liu
AIM: Polypharmacy and potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) are prominent prescribing issues in elderly patients. The purpose of the study was to investigate the prevalence of PIMs identified by the Beers 2015 and 2012 criteria in older patients in China and identify the correlates of PIMs. METHODS: This retrospective, cross-sectional study was conducted at Peking University First Hospital. The Beers 2015 and 2012 criteria were applied to evaluate PIMs among hospitalized patients...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061845/influence-of-affordability-of-alcohol-on-educational-disparities-in-alcohol-related-mortality-in-finland-and-sweden-a-time-series-analysis
#12
Kimmo Herttua, Olof Östergren, Olle Lundberg, Pekka Martikainen
BACKGROUND: Prices of alcohol and income tend to influence how much people buy and consume alcohol. Price and income may be combined into one measure, affordability of alcohol. Research on the association between affordability of alcohol and alcohol-related harm is scarce. Furthermore, no research exists on how this association varies across different subpopulations. We estimated the effects of affordability of alcohol on alcohol-related mortality according to gender and education in Finland and Sweden...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053772/the-effect-of-increased-alcohol-availability-on-alcohol-related-health-problems-up-to-the-age-of-42-among-children-exposed-in-utero-a-natural-experiment
#13
Emelie Thern, David Carslake, George Davey Smith, Per Tynelius, Finn Rasmussen
Aim: To examine whether exposure to increased alcohol availability in utero is associated with later alcohol-related health problems. Method: Register-linked population-based longitudinal study using data from a natural experiment setting, including 363 286 children born 1965-71. An experimental alcohol policy change was piloted in two regions of Sweden in 1967-68, where access to strong beer increased for 16-20 year old. Children exposed in utero to the policy change were compared to children born elsewhere in Sweden (excluding a border area), and to children born before and after the policy change...
October 19, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892805/an-evaluation-of-the-central-nervous-system-medication-use-and-frailty-among-residents-of-aged-care-homes-in-malaysia
#14
Syed Shahzad Hasan, Chia Siang Kow, Kaeshaelya Thiruchelvam, David Weng Kwai Chong, Syed Imran Ahmed
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Old age and institutionalization in care homes are associated with increased use of risk medications affecting the central nervous system (CNS). This study evaluated medication utilization and appropriateness; and assessed frailty among residents of Malaysian aged care homes. METHODS: The subjects of this study included 202 elderly (≥65 years) residents of 17 aged care homes in suburban peninsular Malaysia. Frailty was measured using the Groningen Frailty Indicator (GFI) score and independence in daily living was measured as KATZ activity of daily living score...
2017: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858118/an-evaluation-of-medication-appropriateness-and-frailty-among-residents-of-aged-care-homes-in-malaysia-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Syed Shahzad Hasan, Chia Siang Kow, Rohit Kumar Verma, Syed Imran Ahmed, Piyush Mittal, David W K Chong
Aging is significantly associated with the development of comorbid chronic conditions. These conditions indicate the use of multiple medications, and are often warranted by clinical guidelines. The aim of the present study was to evaluate medication appropriateness and frailty among Malaysian aged care home residents with chronic disease. The participants were 202 elderly (≥65 years) individuals, a cross-sectional sample from 17 aged care homes. After ethics approval, each participant was interviewed to collect data on sociodemographics, frailty status (Groningen Frailty Indicator [GFI]), medication appropriateness (Medication Appropriateness Index (MAI), the 2015 Beers' criteria (Potentially Inappropriate Medication [PIM]), and 2014 STOPP criteria (Potentially Inappropriate Prescribing [PIP])...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836833/continuous-glucose-monitoring-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-and-impaired-awareness-of-hypoglycemia-also-effective-in-patients-with-psychological-distress
#16
Cornelis A J van Beers, Maartje de Wit, Susanne J Kleijer, Petronella H Geelhoed-Duijvestijn, J Hans DeVries, Mark H H Kramer, Michaela Diamant, Erik H Serné, Frank J Snoek
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether psychological distress modifies the effect of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) in patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and impaired awareness of hypoglycemia. Fifty-two patients with T1D and impaired awareness of hypoglycemia participated in an earlier reported randomized crossover trial with two 16-week intervention periods comparing CGM with self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG). During the CGM phase, time spent in euglycemia (4-10 mmol/L), the primary outcome, was 9...
October 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833688/effects-of-high-alcohol-intake-alcohol-related-symptoms-and-smoking-on-mortality
#17
John B Whitfield, Andrew C Heath, Pamela A F Madden, J George Landers, Nicholas G Martin
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Both high alcohol intake and alcohol dependence increase mortality, and both are associated with smoking. We aimed to compare the associations of quantity of alcohol, number of alcohol-related symptoms and smoking history with all-cause mortality, and to assess symptom count and smoking history as confounders or mediators of the effects of high alcohol intake. DESIGN: Survival was analysed by Cox regression with sex, body mass index, alcohol intake (overall and by beverage), maximum drinks on any day, alcohol symptom count and smoking status as potential predictors of age at death...
August 22, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811990/clinical-outcomes-of-total-disc-replacement-versus-anterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-for-surgical-treatment-of-lumbar-degenerative-disc-disease
#18
Tobias A Mattei, Jennifer Beer, Alisson R Teles, Azeem A Rehman, Jean Aldag, Dzung Dinh
STUDY DESIGN: The authors performed a retrospective controlled study of patients diagnosed with lumbar degenerative disc disease who received surgical intervention (either total disc replacement [TDR]/Activ-L or anterior lumbar interbody fusion [ALIF]) at a single tertiary-care hospital from 2007-2010. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the clinical outcomes after TDR in comparison with ALIF for surgical treatment of lumbar degenerative disc disease (DDD). METHODS: Analyzed data included intra-operative blood loss, time to return to work, and clinical outcomes as evaluated through the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) pain questionnaires pre-operatively and at 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, and 1 year postoperative follow-up...
August 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761946/treatment-of-latent-tuberculosis-infection-an-updated-network-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Dominik Zenner, Netta Beer, Ross J Harris, Marc C Lipman, Helen R Stagg, Marieke J van der Werf
Background: Treatment of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) is an important component of tuberculosis (TB) control, and this study updates a previous network meta-analysis of the best LTBI treatment options to inform public health action and programmatic management of LTBI. Purpose: To evaluate the comparative efficacy and harms of LTBI treatment regimens aimed at preventing active TB among adults and children. Data Sources: PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science from indexing to 8 May 2017; clinical trial registries; and conference abstracts...
August 15, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752589/frailty-and-potentially-inappropriate-medication-use-at-nursing-home-transition
#20
Laura C Maclagan, Colleen J Maxwell, Sima Gandhi, Jun Guan, Chaim M Bell, David B Hogan, Nick Daneman, Sudeep S Gill, Andrew M Morris, Lianne Jeffs, Michael A Campitelli, Dallas P Seitz, Susan E Bronskill
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) use among older adults with cognitive impairment or dementia prior to and following admission to nursing homes and in relation to frailty. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study using health administrative databases. SETTING: Ontario, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: 41,351 individuals with cognitive impairment or dementia, aged 66+ years newly admitted to nursing home between 2011 and 2014...
October 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
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