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Beer Index

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160742/university-affiliated-alcohol-marketing-enhances-the-incentive-salience-of-alcohol-cues
#1
Bruce D Bartholow, Chris Loersch, Tiffany A Ito, Meredith P Levsen, Hannah I Volpert-Esmond, Kimberly A Fleming, Paul Bolls, Brooke K Carter
We tested whether affiliating beer brands with universities enhances the incentive salience of those brands for underage drinkers. In Study 1, 128 undergraduates viewed beer cues while event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded. Results showed that beer cues paired with in-group backgrounds (logos for students' universities) evoked an enhanced P3 ERP component, a neural index of incentive salience. This effect varied according to students' levels of identification with their university, and the amplitude of the P3 response prospectively predicted alcohol use over 1 month...
November 1, 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119486/potentially-harmful-medication-use-and-decline-in-health-related-quality-of-life-among-community-dwelling-older-adults
#2
Kenya Ie, Eric Chou, Richard D Boyce, Steven M Albert
BACKGROUND: Several scales to quantify the impact of potentially harmful medications (PHMs) have been shown to predict mortality and functional decline; however, the effect of PHMs on quality of life (QoL) has not been well-studied. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to investigate an association between PHM use and change in health-related QoL among community-dwelling older adults, and to compare the predictive capacity of PHM scales. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using prescription claims data and survey responses...
December 2017: Drugs—Real World Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080550/frequency-of-use-and-acceptability-of-clinical-prediction-rules-for-pulmonary-embolism-among-swiss-general-internal-medicine-residents
#3
N Faller, O Stalder, A Limacher, S Bassetti, J H Beer, D Genné, E Battegay, D Hayoz, J Leuppi, B Mueller, A Perrier, G Waeber, N Rodondi, D Aujesky
INTRODUCTION: Whether clinical prediction rules for pulmonary embolism are accepted and used among general internal medicine residents remains uncertain. We therefore evaluated the frequency of use and acceptability of the Revised Geneva Score (RGS) and the Pulmonary Embolism Severity Index (PESI), and explored which factors were associated with rule use. MATERIALS/METHODS: In an online survey among general internal medicine residents from 10 Swiss hospitals, we assessed rule acceptability using the Ottawa Acceptability of Decision Rules Instrument (OADRI) and explored the association between physician and training-related factors and rule use using mixed logistic regression models...
October 18, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066875/potentially-inappropriate-medications-in-hospitalized-older-patients-a-cross-sectional-study-using-the-beers-2015-criteria-versus-the-2012-criteria
#4
Xiaolin Zhang, Shuang Zhou, Kunming Pan, Xinran Li, Xia Zhao, Ying Zhou, Yimin Cui, Xinmin Liu
AIM: Polypharmacy and potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) are prominent prescribing issues in elderly patients. The purpose of the study was to investigate the prevalence of PIMs identified by the Beers 2015 and 2012 criteria in older patients in China and identify the correlates of PIMs. METHODS: This retrospective, cross-sectional study was conducted at Peking University First Hospital. The Beers 2015 and 2012 criteria were applied to evaluate PIMs among hospitalized patients...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061845/influence-of-affordability-of-alcohol-on-educational-disparities-in-alcohol-related-mortality-in-finland-and-sweden-a-time-series-analysis
#5
Kimmo Herttua, Olof Östergren, Olle Lundberg, Pekka Martikainen
BACKGROUND: Prices of alcohol and income tend to influence how much people buy and consume alcohol. Price and income may be combined into one measure, affordability of alcohol. Research on the association between affordability of alcohol and alcohol-related harm is scarce. Furthermore, no research exists on how this association varies across different subpopulations. We estimated the effects of affordability of alcohol on alcohol-related mortality according to gender and education in Finland and Sweden...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053772/the-effect-of-increased-alcohol-availability-on-alcohol-related-health-problems-up-to-the-age-of-42-among-children-exposed-in-utero-a-natural-experiment
#6
Emelie Thern, David Carslake, George Davey Smith, Per Tynelius, Finn Rasmussen
Aim: To examine whether exposure to increased alcohol availability in utero is associated with later alcohol-related health problems. Method: Register-linked population-based longitudinal study using data from a natural experiment setting, including 363 286 children born 1965-71. An experimental alcohol policy change was piloted in two regions of Sweden in 1967-68, where access to strong beer increased for 16-20 year old. Children exposed in utero to the policy change were compared to children born elsewhere in Sweden (excluding a border area), and to children born before and after the policy change...
October 19, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892805/an-evaluation-of-the-central-nervous-system-medication-use-and-frailty-among-residents-of-aged-care-homes-in-malaysia
#7
Syed Shahzad Hasan, Chia Siang Kow, Kaeshaelya Thiruchelvam, David Weng Kwai Chong, Syed Imran Ahmed
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Old age and institutionalization in care homes are associated with increased use of risk medications affecting the central nervous system (CNS). This study evaluated medication utilization and appropriateness; and assessed frailty among residents of Malaysian aged care homes. METHODS: The subjects of this study included 202 elderly (≥65 years) residents of 17 aged care homes in suburban peninsular Malaysia. Frailty was measured using the Groningen Frailty Indicator (GFI) score and independence in daily living was measured as KATZ activity of daily living score...
2017: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858118/an-evaluation-of-medication-appropriateness-and-frailty-among-residents-of-aged-care-homes-in-malaysia-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Syed Shahzad Hasan, Chia Siang Kow, Rohit Kumar Verma, Syed Imran Ahmed, Piyush Mittal, David W K Chong
Aging is significantly associated with the development of comorbid chronic conditions. These conditions indicate the use of multiple medications, and are often warranted by clinical guidelines. The aim of the present study was to evaluate medication appropriateness and frailty among Malaysian aged care home residents with chronic disease. The participants were 202 elderly (≥65 years) individuals, a cross-sectional sample from 17 aged care homes. After ethics approval, each participant was interviewed to collect data on sociodemographics, frailty status (Groningen Frailty Indicator [GFI]), medication appropriateness (Medication Appropriateness Index (MAI), the 2015 Beers' criteria (Potentially Inappropriate Medication [PIM]), and 2014 STOPP criteria (Potentially Inappropriate Prescribing [PIP])...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836833/continuous-glucose-monitoring-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-and-impaired-awareness-of-hypoglycemia-also-effective-in-patients-with-psychological-distress
#9
Cornelis A J van Beers, Maartje de Wit, Susanne J Kleijer, Petronella H Geelhoed-Duijvestijn, J Hans DeVries, Mark H H Kramer, Michaela Diamant, Erik H Serné, Frank J Snoek
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether psychological distress modifies the effect of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) in patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and impaired awareness of hypoglycemia. Fifty-two patients with T1D and impaired awareness of hypoglycemia participated in an earlier reported randomized crossover trial with two 16-week intervention periods comparing CGM with self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG). During the CGM phase, time spent in euglycemia (4-10 mmol/L), the primary outcome, was 9...
October 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833688/effects-of-high-alcohol-intake-alcohol-related-symptoms-and-smoking-on-mortality
#10
John B Whitfield, Andrew C Heath, Pamela A F Madden, J George Landers, Nicholas G Martin
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Both high alcohol intake and alcohol dependence increase mortality, and both are associated with smoking. We aimed to compare the associations of quantity of alcohol, number of alcohol-related symptoms and smoking history with all-cause mortality, and to assess symptom count and smoking history as confounders or mediators of the effects of high alcohol intake. DESIGN: Survival was analysed by Cox regression with sex, body mass index, alcohol intake (overall and by beverage), maximum drinks on any day, alcohol symptom count and smoking status as potential predictors of age at death...
August 22, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811990/clinical-outcomes-of-total-disc-replacement-versus-anterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-for-surgical-treatment-of-lumbar-degenerative-disc-disease
#11
Tobias A Mattei, Jennifer Beer, Alisson R Teles, Azeem A Rehman, Jean Aldag, Dzung Dinh
STUDY DESIGN: The authors performed a retrospective controlled study of patients diagnosed with lumbar degenerative disc disease who received surgical intervention (either total disc replacement [TDR]/Activ-L or anterior lumbar interbody fusion [ALIF]) at a single tertiary-care hospital from 2007-2010. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the clinical outcomes after TDR in comparison with ALIF for surgical treatment of lumbar degenerative disc disease (DDD). METHODS: Analyzed data included intra-operative blood loss, time to return to work, and clinical outcomes as evaluated through the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) pain questionnaires pre-operatively and at 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, and 1 year postoperative follow-up...
August 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761946/treatment-of-latent-tuberculosis-infection-an-updated-network-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Dominik Zenner, Netta Beer, Ross J Harris, Marc C Lipman, Helen R Stagg, Marieke J van der Werf
Background: Treatment of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) is an important component of tuberculosis (TB) control, and this study updates a previous network meta-analysis of the best LTBI treatment options to inform public health action and programmatic management of LTBI. Purpose: To evaluate the comparative efficacy and harms of LTBI treatment regimens aimed at preventing active TB among adults and children. Data Sources: PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science from indexing to 8 May 2017; clinical trial registries; and conference abstracts...
August 15, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752589/frailty-and-potentially-inappropriate-medication-use-at-nursing-home-transition
#13
Laura C Maclagan, Colleen J Maxwell, Sima Gandhi, Jun Guan, Chaim M Bell, David B Hogan, Nick Daneman, Sudeep S Gill, Andrew M Morris, Lianne Jeffs, Michael A Campitelli, Dallas P Seitz, Susan E Bronskill
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) use among older adults with cognitive impairment or dementia prior to and following admission to nursing homes and in relation to frailty. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study using health administrative databases. SETTING: Ontario, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: 41,351 individuals with cognitive impairment or dementia, aged 66+ years newly admitted to nursing home between 2011 and 2014...
October 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743244/non-adherence-to-medication-regimens-among-older-african-american-adults
#14
Mohsen Bazargan, James Smith, Hamed Yazdanshenas, Masoud Movassaghi, David Martins, Gail Orum
BACKGROUND: Despite concerns about racial differences on adherence to prescribed medication rigimens among older adults, current information about nonadherence among underserved elderly African Americans with co-morbidities is limited. This study examines the association between adherence to drug regimens and an array of medication-related factors, including polypharmacy, medication regimen complexity, use of Potentially Inappropriate Medications (PIM), and knowledge about the therapeutic purpose and instructions of medication use...
July 25, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735890/prognostic-validation-of-sky92-and-its-combination-with-iss-in-an-independent-cohort-of-patients-with-multiple-myeloma
#15
Erik H van Beers, Martin H van Vliet, Rowan Kuiper, Leonie de Best, Kenneth C Anderson, Ajai Chari, Sundar Jagannath, Andrzej Jakubowiak, Shaji K Kumar, Joan B Levy, Daniel Auclair, Sagar Lonial, Donna Reece, Paul Richardson, David S Siegel, A Keith Stewart, Suzanne Trudel, Ravi Vij, Todd M Zimmerman, Rafael Fonseca
BACKGROUND: High risk and low risk multiple myeloma patients follow a very different clinical course as reflected in their PFS and OS. To be clinically useful, methodologies used to identify high and low risk disease must be validated in representative independent clinical data and available so that patients can be managed appropriately. A recent analysis has indicated that SKY92 combined with the International Staging System (ISS) identifies patients with different risk disease with high sensitivity...
July 4, 2017: Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma & Leukemia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735452/characterization-of-polymeric-substance-classes-in-cereal-based-beverages-using-asymmetrical-flow-field-flow-fractionation-with-a-multi-detection-system
#16
Georg Krebs, Thomas Becker, Martina Gastl
Cereal-based beverages contain a complex mixture of various polymeric macromolecules including polysaccharides, peptides, and polyphenols. The molar mass of polymers and their degradation products affect different technological and especially sensory parameters of beverages. Asymmetrical flow field-flow fractionation (AF4) coupled with multi-angle light scattering (MALS) and refractive index detection (dRI) or UV detection (UV) is a technique for structure and molar mass distribution analysis of macromolecules commonly used for pure compound solutions...
July 22, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645287/health-related-quality-of-life-effects-of-enzalutamide-in-patients-with-metastatic-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-an-in-depth-post-hoc-analysis-of-eq-5d-data-from-the-prevail-trial
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Nancy Devlin, Michael Herdman, Marco Pavesi, De Phung, Shevani Naidoo, Tomasz M Beer, Bertrand Tombal, Yohann Loriot, Cristina Ivanescu, Teresa Parli, Mark Balk, Stefan Holmstrom
BACKGROUND: The effect of enzalutamide on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in the PREVAIL trial in chemotherapy-naïve men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer was analyzed using the generic EQ-5D instrument. METHODS: Patients received oral enzalutamide 160 mg/day (n = 872) or placebo (n = 845). EQ-5D index and EQ-5D visual analogue scale (EQ-5D VAS) scores were evaluated at baseline, week 13, and every 12 weeks until week 61 due to sample size reduction thereafter...
June 23, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603638/clinician-agreement-and-influence-of-medication-related-characteristics-on-assessment-of-polypharmacy
#18
Gao-Jing Ong, Amy Page, Gillian Caughey, Sally Johns, Emily Reeve, Sepehr Shakib
It is not known how clinicians assess polypharmacy or the medication-related characteristics that influence their assessment. The aim of this study was to examine the level of agreement between clinicians when assessing polypharmacy and to identify medication-related characteristics that influence their assessment. Twenty cases of patients with varying levels of comorbidity and polypharmacy were used to examine clinician assessment of polypharmacy. Medicine-related factors within the cases included Beers and STOPP Criteria medicines, falls-risk medicines, drug burden index (DBI) medicines, medicines causing postural hypotension, and pharmacokinetic drug-drug interactions...
June 2017: Pharmacology Research & Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587139/is-housing-a-health-insult
#19
Emma Baker, Andrew Beer, Laurence Lester, David Pevalin, Christine Whitehead, Rebecca Bentley
In seeking to understand the relationship between housing and health, research attention is often focussed on separate components of people's whole housing 'bundles'. We propose in this paper that such conceptual and methodological abstraction of elements of the housing and health relationship limits our ability to understand the scale of the accumulated effect of housing on health and thereby contributes to the under-recognition of adequate housing as a social policy tool and powerful health intervention. In this paper, we propose and describe an index to capture the means by which housing bundles influence health...
May 26, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542003/providing-choice-in-exercise-influences-food-intake-at-the-subsequent-meal
#20
Natalya J Beer, James A Dimmock, Ben Jackson, Kym J Guelfi
The benefits of regular exercise for health are well established; however, certain behaviors after exercise, such as unhealthy or excessive food consumption, can counteract some of these benefits. PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of autonomy support (through the provision of choice) in exercise-relative to a no-choice condition with matched energy expenditure-on appetite and subsequent energy intake. METHODS: Fifty-eight men and women (body mass index, 22.9 ± 2...
October 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
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