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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448407/automated-attenuation-based-tube-potential-selection-of-the-lower-extremity-runoff-a-comparison-to-fixed-kilovolt-with-automated-tube-current-modulation
#1
Martin Beeres, Kang Juhee, Andreas M Bucher, Claudia Frellesen, Moritz Albrecht, Julian L Wichmann, Clara Park, Moritz Kaup, Jan Erik Scholtz, Thomas J Vogl, Tatjana Gruber-Rouh, Boris Bodelle
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of automated attenuation-based tube potential selection (ATPS) on image quality and radiation dose exposure parameters at a computed tomography angiography (CTA) lower-extremity runoff. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred forty patients (156 men, 84 women) underwent CTA examinations of the lower-extremity runoff on a second-generation dual-source computed tomography system: 120 patients at a fixed tube potential of 120 kV and a tube current of 180 reference mAs, another 120 patients using automated ATPS...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388200/directional-limits-on-persistent-gravitational-waves-from-advanced-ligo-s-first-observing-run
#2
B P Abbott, R Abbott, T D Abbott, M R Abernathy, F Acernese, K Ackley, C Adams, T Adams, P Addesso, R X Adhikari, V B Adya, C Affeldt, M Agathos, K Agatsuma, N Aggarwal, O D Aguiar, L Aiello, A Ain, P Ajith, B Allen, A Allocca, P A Altin, A Ananyeva, S B Anderson, W G Anderson, S Appert, K Arai, M C Araya, J S Areeda, N Arnaud, K G Arun, S Ascenzi, G Ashton, M Ast, S M Aston, P Astone, P Aufmuth, C Aulbert, A Avila-Alvarez, S Babak, P Bacon, M K M Bader, P T Baker, F Baldaccini, G Ballardin, S W Ballmer, J C Barayoga, S E Barclay, B C Barish, D Barker, F Barone, B Barr, L Barsotti, M Barsuglia, D Barta, J Bartlett, I Bartos, R Bassiri, A Basti, J C Batch, C Baune, V Bavigadda, M Bazzan, C Beer, M Bejger, I Belahcene, M Belgin, A S Bell, B K Berger, G Bergmann, C P L Berry, D Bersanetti, A Bertolini, J Betzwieser, S Bhagwat, R Bhandare, I A Bilenko, G Billingsley, C R Billman, J Birch, R Birney, O Birnholtz, S Biscans, A S Biscoveanu, A Bisht, M Bitossi, C Biwer, M A Bizouard, J K Blackburn, J Blackman, C D Blair, D G Blair, R M Blair, S Bloemen, O Bock, M Boer, G Bogaert, A Bohe, F Bondu, R Bonnand, B A Boom, R Bork, V Boschi, S Bose, Y Bouffanais, A Bozzi, C Bradaschia, P R Brady, V B Braginsky, M Branchesi, J E Brau, T Briant, A Brillet, M Brinkmann, V Brisson, P Brockill, J E Broida, A F Brooks, D A Brown, D D Brown, N M Brown, S Brunett, C C Buchanan, A Buikema, T Bulik, H J Bulten, A Buonanno, D Buskulic, C Buy, R L Byer, M Cabero, L Cadonati, G Cagnoli, C Cahillane, J Calderón Bustillo, T A Callister, E Calloni, J B Camp, W Campbell, M Canepa, K C Cannon, H Cao, J Cao, C D Capano, E Capocasa, F Carbognani, S Caride, J Casanueva Diaz, C Casentini, S Caudill, M Cavaglià, F Cavalier, R Cavalieri, G Cella, C B Cepeda, L Cerboni Baiardi, G Cerretani, E Cesarini, S J Chamberlin, M Chan, S Chao, P Charlton, E Chassande-Mottin, B D Cheeseboro, H Y Chen, Y Chen, H-P Cheng, A Chincarini, A Chiummo, T Chmiel, H S Cho, M Cho, J H Chow, N Christensen, Q Chu, A J K Chua, S Chua, S Chung, G Ciani, F Clara, J A Clark, F Cleva, C Cocchieri, E Coccia, P-F Cohadon, A Colla, C G Collette, L Cominsky, M Constancio, L Conti, S J Cooper, T R Corbitt, N Cornish, A Corsi, S Cortese, C A Costa, E Coughlin, M W Coughlin, S B Coughlin, J-P Coulon, S T Countryman, P Couvares, P B Covas, E E Cowan, D M Coward, M J Cowart, D C Coyne, R Coyne, J D E Creighton, T D Creighton, J Cripe, S G Crowder, T J Cullen, A Cumming, L Cunningham, E Cuoco, T Dal Canton, S L Danilishin, S D'Antonio, K Danzmann, A Dasgupta, C F Da Silva Costa, V Dattilo, I Dave, M Davier, G S Davies, D Davis, E J Daw, B Day, R Day, S De, D DeBra, G Debreczeni, J Degallaix, M De Laurentis, S Deléglise, W Del Pozzo, T Denker, T Dent, V Dergachev, R De Rosa, R T DeRosa, R DeSalvo, J Devenson, R C Devine, S Dhurandhar, M C Díaz, L Di Fiore, M Di Giovanni, T Di Girolamo, A Di Lieto, S Di Pace, I Di Palma, A Di Virgilio, Z Doctor, V Dolique, F Donovan, K L Dooley, S Doravari, I Dorrington, R Douglas, M Dovale Álvarez, T P Downes, M Drago, R W P Drever, J C Driggers, Z Du, M Ducrot, S E Dwyer, T B Edo, M C Edwards, A Effler, H-B Eggenstein, P Ehrens, J Eichholz, S S Eikenberry, R C Essick, Z Etienne, T Etzel, M Evans, T M Evans, R Everett, M Factourovich, V Fafone, H Fair, S Fairhurst, X Fan, S Farinon, B Farr, W M Farr, E J Fauchon-Jones, M Favata, M Fays, H Fehrmann, M M Fejer, A Fernández Galiana, I Ferrante, E C Ferreira, F Ferrini, F Fidecaro, I Fiori, D Fiorucci, R P Fisher, R Flaminio, M Fletcher, H Fong, S S Forsyth, J-D Fournier, S Frasca, F Frasconi, Z Frei, A Freise, R Frey, V Frey, E M Fries, P Fritschel, V V Frolov, P Fulda, M Fyffe, H Gabbard, B U Gadre, S M Gaebel, J R Gair, L Gammaitoni, S G Gaonkar, F Garufi, G Gaur, V Gayathri, N Gehrels, G Gemme, E Genin, A Gennai, J George, L Gergely, V Germain, S Ghonge, Abhirup Ghosh, Archisman Ghosh, S Ghosh, J A Giaime, K D Giardina, A Giazotto, K Gill, A Glaefke, E Goetz, R Goetz, L Gondan, G González, J M Gonzalez Castro, A Gopakumar, M L Gorodetsky, S E Gossan, M Gosselin, R Gouaty, A Grado, C Graef, M Granata, A Grant, S Gras, C Gray, G Greco, A C Green, P Groot, H Grote, S Grunewald, G M Guidi, X Guo, A Gupta, M K Gupta, K E Gushwa, E K Gustafson, R Gustafson, J J Hacker, B R Hall, E D Hall, G Hammond, M Haney, M M Hanke, J Hanks, C Hanna, M D Hannam, J Hanson, T Hardwick, J Harms, G M Harry, I W Harry, M J Hart, M T Hartman, C-J Haster, K Haughian, J Healy, A Heidmann, M C Heintze, H Heitmann, P Hello, G Hemming, M Hendry, I S Heng, J Hennig, J Henry, A W Heptonstall, M Heurs, S Hild, D Hoak, D Hofman, K Holt, D E Holz, P Hopkins, J Hough, E A Houston, E J Howell, Y M Hu, E A Huerta, D Huet, B Hughey, S Husa, S H Huttner, T Huynh-Dinh, N Indik, D R Ingram, R Inta, H N Isa, J-M Isac, M Isi, T Isogai, B R Iyer, K Izumi, T Jacqmin, K Jani, P Jaranowski, S Jawahar, F Jiménez-Forteza, W W Johnson, D I Jones, R Jones, R J G Jonker, L Ju, J Junker, C V Kalaghatgi, V Kalogera, S Kandhasamy, G Kang, J B Kanner, S Karki, K S Karvinen, M Kasprzack, E Katsavounidis, W Katzman, S Kaufer, T Kaur, K Kawabe, F Kéfélian, D Keitel, D B Kelley, R Kennedy, J S Key, F Y Khalili, I Khan, S Khan, Z Khan, E A Khazanov, N Kijbunchoo, Chunglee Kim, J C Kim, Whansun Kim, W Kim, Y-M Kim, S J Kimbrell, E J King, P J King, R Kirchhoff, J S Kissel, B Klein, L Kleybolte, S Klimenko, P Koch, S M Koehlenbeck, S Koley, V Kondrashov, A Kontos, M Korobko, W Z Korth, I Kowalska, D B Kozak, C Krämer, V Kringel, A Królak, G Kuehn, P Kumar, R Kumar, L Kuo, A Kutynia, B D Lackey, M Landry, R N Lang, J Lange, B Lantz, R K Lanza, A Lartaux-Vollard, P D Lasky, M Laxen, A Lazzarini, C Lazzaro, P Leaci, S Leavey, E O Lebigot, C H Lee, H K Lee, H M Lee, K Lee, J Lehmann, A Lenon, M Leonardi, J R Leong, N Leroy, N Letendre, Y Levin, T G F Li, A Libson, T B Littenberg, J Liu, N A Lockerbie, A L Lombardi, L T London, J E Lord, M Lorenzini, V Loriette, M Lormand, G Losurdo, J D Lough, C O Lousto, G Lovelace, H Lück, A P Lundgren, R Lynch, Y Ma, S Macfoy, B Machenschalk, M MacInnis, D M Macleod, F Magaña-Sandoval, E Majorana, I Maksimovic, V Malvezzi, N Man, V Mandic, V Mangano, G L Mansell, M Manske, M Mantovani, F Marchesoni, F Marion, S Márka, Z Márka, A S Markosyan, E Maros, F Martelli, L Martellini, I W Martin, D V Martynov, K Mason, A Masserot, T J Massinger, M Masso-Reid, S Mastrogiovanni, A Matas, F Matichard, L Matone, N Mavalvala, N Mazumder, R McCarthy, D E McClelland, S McCormick, C McGrath, S C McGuire, G McIntyre, J McIver, D J McManus, T McRae, S T McWilliams, D Meacher, G D Meadors, J Meidam, A Melatos, G Mendell, D Mendoza-Gandara, R A Mercer, E L Merilh, M Merzougui, S Meshkov, C Messenger, C Messick, R Metzdorff, P M Meyers, F Mezzani, H Miao, C Michel, H Middleton, E E Mikhailov, L Milano, A L Miller, A Miller, B B Miller, J Miller, M Millhouse, Y Minenkov, J Ming, S Mirshekari, C Mishra, S Mitra, V P Mitrofanov, G Mitselmakher, R Mittleman, A Moggi, M Mohan, S R P Mohapatra, M Montani, B C Moore, C J Moore, D Moraru, G Moreno, S R Morriss, B Mours, C M Mow-Lowry, G Mueller, A W Muir, Arunava Mukherjee, D Mukherjee, S Mukherjee, N Mukund, A Mullavey, J Munch, E A M Muniz, P G Murray, A Mytidis, K Napier, I Nardecchia, L Naticchioni, G Nelemans, T J N Nelson, M Neri, M Nery, A Neunzert, J M Newport, G Newton, T T Nguyen, A B Nielsen, S Nissanke, A Nitz, A Noack, F Nocera, D Nolting, M E N Normandin, L K Nuttall, J Oberling, E Ochsner, E Oelker, G H Ogin, J J Oh, S H Oh, F Ohme, M Oliver, P Oppermann, Richard J Oram, B O'Reilly, R O'Shaughnessy, D J Ottaway, H Overmier, B J Owen, A E Pace, J Page, A Pai, S A Pai, J R Palamos, O Palashov, C Palomba, A Pal-Singh, H Pan, C Pankow, F Pannarale, B C Pant, F Paoletti, A Paoli, M A Papa, H R Paris, W Parker, D Pascucci, A Pasqualetti, R Passaquieti, D Passuello, B Patricelli, B L Pearlstone, M Pedraza, R Pedurand, L Pekowsky, A Pele, S Penn, C J Perez, A Perreca, L M Perri, H P Pfeiffer, M Phelps, O J Piccinni, M Pichot, F Piergiovanni, V Pierro, G Pillant, L Pinard, I M Pinto, M Pitkin, M Poe, R Poggiani, P Popolizio, A Post, J Powell, J Prasad, J W W Pratt, V Predoi, T Prestegard, M Prijatelj, M Principe, S Privitera, G A Prodi, L G Prokhorov, O Puncken, M Punturo, P Puppo, M Pürrer, H Qi, J Qin, S Qiu, V Quetschke, E A Quintero, R Quitzow-James, F J Raab, D S Rabeling, H Radkins, P Raffai, S Raja, C Rajan, M Rakhmanov, P Rapagnani, V Raymond, M Razzano, V Re, J Read, T Regimbau, L Rei, S Reid, D H Reitze, H Rew, S D Reyes, E Rhoades, F Ricci, K Riles, M Rizzo, N A Robertson, R Robie, F Robinet, A Rocchi, L Rolland, J G Rollins, V J Roma, J D Romano, R Romano, J H Romie, D Rosińska, S Rowan, A Rüdiger, P Ruggi, K Ryan, S Sachdev, T Sadecki, L Sadeghian, M Sakellariadou, L Salconi, M Saleem, F Salemi, A Samajdar, L Sammut, L M Sampson, E J Sanchez, V Sandberg, J R Sanders, B Sassolas, B S Sathyaprakash, P R Saulson, O Sauter, R L Savage, A Sawadsky, P Schale, J Scheuer, S Schlassa, E Schmidt, J Schmidt, P Schmidt, R Schnabel, R M S Schofield, A Schönbeck, E Schreiber, D Schuette, B F Schutz, S G Schwalbe, J Scott, S M Scott, D Sellers, A S Sengupta, D Sentenac, V Sequino, A Sergeev, Y Setyawati, D A Shaddock, T J Shaffer, M S Shahriar, B Shapiro, P Shawhan, A Sheperd, D H Shoemaker, D M Shoemaker, K Siellez, X Siemens, M Sieniawska, D Sigg, A D Silva, A Singer, L P Singer, A Singh, R Singh, A Singhal, A M Sintes, B J J Slagmolen, B Smith, J R Smith, R J E Smith, E J Son, B Sorazu, F Sorrentino, T Souradeep, A P Spencer, A K Srivastava, A Staley, M Steinke, J Steinlechner, S Steinlechner, D Steinmeyer, B C Stephens, S P Stevenson, R Stone, K A Strain, N Straniero, G Stratta, S E Strigin, R Sturani, A L Stuver, T Z Summerscales, L Sun, S Sunil, P J Sutton, B L Swinkels, M J Szczepańczyk, M Tacca, D Talukder, D B Tanner, D Tao, M Tápai, A Taracchini, R Taylor, T Theeg, E G Thomas, M Thomas, P Thomas, K A Thorne, E Thrane, T Tippens, S Tiwari, V Tiwari, K V Tokmakov, K Toland, C Tomlinson, M Tonelli, Z Tornasi, C I Torrie, D Töyrä, F Travasso, G Traylor, D Trifirò, J Trinastic, M C Tringali, L Trozzo, M Tse, R Tso, M Turconi, D Tuyenbayev, D Ugolini, C S Unnikrishnan, A L Urban, S A Usman, H Vahlbruch, G Vajente, G Valdes, N van Bakel, M van Beuzekom, J F J van den Brand, C Van Den Broeck, D C Vander-Hyde, L van der Schaaf, J V van Heijningen, A A van Veggel, M Vardaro, V Varma, S Vass, M Vasúth, A Vecchio, G Vedovato, J Veitch, P J Veitch, K Venkateswara, G Venugopalan, D Verkindt, F Vetrano, A Viceré, A D Viets, S Vinciguerra, D J Vine, J-Y Vinet, S Vitale, T Vo, H Vocca, C Vorvick, D V Voss, W D Vousden, S P Vyatchanin, A R Wade, L E Wade, M Wade, M Walker, L Wallace, S Walsh, G Wang, H Wang, M Wang, Y Wang, R L Ward, J Warner, M Was, J Watchi, B Weaver, L-W Wei, M Weinert, A J Weinstein, R Weiss, L Wen, P Weßels, T Westphal, K Wette, J T Whelan, B F Whiting, C Whittle, D Williams, R D Williams, A R Williamson, J L Willis, B Willke, M H Wimmer, W Winkler, C C Wipf, H Wittel, G Woan, J Woehler, J Worden, J L Wright, D S Wu, G Wu, W Yam, H Yamamoto, C C Yancey, M J Yap, Hang Yu, Haocun Yu, M Yvert, A Zadrożny, L Zangrando, M Zanolin, J-P Zendri, M Zevin, L Zhang, M Zhang, T Zhang, Y Zhang, C Zhao, M Zhou, Z Zhou, S J Zhu, X J Zhu, M E Zucker, J Zweizig
We employ gravitational-wave radiometry to map the stochastic gravitational wave background expected from a variety of contributing mechanisms and test the assumption of isotropy using data from the Advanced Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory's (aLIGO) first observing run. We also search for persistent gravitational waves from point sources with only minimal assumptions over the 20-1726 Hz frequency band. Finding no evidence of gravitational waves from either point sources or a stochastic background, we set limits at 90% confidence...
March 24, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380699/the-evaluation-of-non-invasive-measurements-of-erythema-as-a-potential-surrogate-for-dna-damage-in-repetitively-uv-exposed-human-skin
#3
Sharon A Miller, Sergio G Coelho, Yuji Yamaguchi, Vincent J Hearing, Janusz Z Beer, Frank de Gruijl
Erythema (i.e. visible redness) and DNA damage caused by ultraviolet radiation (UVR) in human skin have similar action spectra and show good correlation after a single exposure to UVR. We explored the potential to use instrumental assessments of erythema as a surrogate for DNA damage after repeated exposures to UVR. We exposed 40 human subjects to three different exposure schedules using two different UVR sources. Cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers (CPDs) in skin biopsies were measured by immunofluorescence and erythema was assessed by both the Erythemal Index (EI) and the Oxy-hemoglobin (Oxy-Hb) content...
April 5, 2017: Photochemistry and Photobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378296/associations-between-dietary-patterns-socio-demographic-factors-and-anthropometric-measurements-in-adult-new-zealanders-an-analysis-of-data-from-the-2008-09-new-zealand-adult-nutrition-survey
#4
K L Beck, B Jones, I Ullah, S A McNaughton, S J Haslett, W Stonehouse
PURPOSE: To investigate associations between dietary patterns, socio-demographic factors and anthropometric measurements in adult New Zealanders. METHODS: Dietary patterns were identified using factor analysis in adults 15 years plus (n = 4657) using 24-h diet recall data from the 2008/09 New Zealand Adult Nutrition Survey. Multivariate regression was used to investigate associations between dietary patterns and age, gender and ethnicity. After controlling for demographic factors, associations between dietary patterns and food insecurity, deprivation, education, and smoking were investigated...
April 4, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371958/-diagnostic-accuracy-of-german-depression-screenings-in-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease
#5
Mira Tschorn, Nina Rieckmann, Volker Arolt, Katja Beer, Wilhelm Haverkamp, Peter Martus, Johannes Waltenberger, Jacqueline Müller-Nordhorn, Andreas Ströhle
Objective To compare the diagnostic accuracy of German depression screening instruments in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). Methods 1019 CHD patients completed the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9 and PHQ-2) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS-D). The Composite International Diagnostic Interview served as reference standard for "any depressive disorder" and "major depression". Results The accuracy of the PHQ-9 and the HADS-D was comparable according to the area under the curve, and both were superior to the PHQ-2...
April 3, 2017: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364675/correlation-between-gait-analysis-and-clinical-questionnaires-in-patients-with-spontaneous-osteonecrosis-of-the-knee
#6
Ronen Debi, Amit Mor, Avi Elbaz, Ganit Segal, Omri Lubovsky, Gadi Kahn, Bezalel Peskin, Yiftah Beer, Ehud Atoun
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous osteonecrosis of the knee is usually verified by magnetic resonance imaging accompanied by clinical questionnaires to assess the level of pain and functional limitation. There is a lack however, in an objective functional test that will reflect the functional severity of spontaneous osteonecrosis of the knee. The purpose of the current study was to examine the correlation between spatiotemporal gait parameters and clinical questionnaires in patients with spontaneous osteonecrosis of the knee...
March 18, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349860/predictors-for-repeat-self-harm-and-suicide-among-older-people-within-12-months-of-a-self-harm-presentation
#7
Gary Cheung, Gisele Foster, Wayne de Beer, Susan Gee, Tracey Hawkes, Sally Rimkeit, Yu Mwee Tan, Sally Merry, Frederick Sundram
BACKGROUND: A past history of self-harm is a significant risk factor for suicide in older people. The aims of this study are to (i) characterize older people who present with self-harm to emergency departments (EDs); and (ii) determine the predictors for repeat self-harm and suicide. METHODS: Demographic and clinical data were retrospectively collected on older people (age 65+ years), who presented to seven EDs in New Zealand following an episode of self-harm between 1st July 2010 and 30th June 2013...
March 28, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330798/knee-osteoarthritis-degenerative-meniscal-lesion-and-osteonecrosis-of-the-knee-can-a-simple-gait-test-direct-us-to-a-better-clinical-diagnosis
#8
R Debi, A Elbaz, A Mor, G Kahn, B Peskin, Y Beer, G Agar, G Morag, G Segal
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of the current study was to compare the gait patterns in patients with three differing knee pathologies - knee osteoarthritis (OA), degenerative meniscal lesion (DML) and spontaneous osteonecrosis of the knee (SONK) and a group of healthy controls. HYPOTHESIS: A simple gait test will detect differences between different knee pathologies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-seven patients with bilateral knee OA, 47 patients with DML, 28 patients with SONK and 27 healthy controls were included in this analysis...
March 19, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302305/absolute-or-relative-stability-in-minimal-invasive-plate-osteosynthesis-of-simple-distal-meta-or-diaphyseal-tibia-fractures
#9
R Wenger, F Oehme, J Winkler, S M Perren, R Babst, F J P Beeres
INTRODUCTION: Minimal invasive plate osteosynthesis in simple distal meta or diaphyseal tibia fractures can be applied using absolute (lag screw and neutralisation plate; LSN) or relative stability (bridge plate; BP). The primary aim of the study was to compare time to radiological union and time to full weight bearing in the two groups (LSN vs. BP). Reduction was performed either percutaneously or by a minimally open approach (mini open). Secondary aim was to analyse the number of complications between both groups...
March 6, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301644/association-of-body-mass-index-with-infectious-complications-in-free-tissue-transfer-for-head-and-neck-reconstructive-surgery
#10
Mohemmed N Khan, Jack Russo, John Spivack, Christopher Pool, Ilya Likhterov, Marita Teng, Eric M Genden, Brett A Miles
Importance: Elevated body mass index (BMI) has been proposed as a risk factor for morbidity and mortality among patients undergoing surgery. Conversely, an elevated BMI may confer a protective effect on perioperative morbidity. Objective: To examine whether an elevated BMI is an independent risk factor for perioperative and postoperative infectious complications after free tissue transfer in head and neck reconstructive surgery. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cohort study included patients undergoing major head and neck surgery requiring free tissue transfer at a tertiary care center...
March 16, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286671/low-dose-ct-pulmonary-angiography-on-a-15-year-old-ct-scanner-a-feasibility-study
#11
Moritz Kaup, Tatjana Gruber-Rouh, Jan E Scholtz, Moritz H Albrecht, Andreas Bucher, Claudia Frellesen, Thomas J Vogl, Martin Beeres
BACKGROUND: Computed tomography (CT) low-dose (LD) imaging is used to lower radiation exposure, especially in vascular imaging; in current literature, this is mostly on latest generation high-end CT systems. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of reduced tube current on objective and subjective image quality of a 15-year-old 16-slice CT system for pulmonary angiography (CTPA). MATERIAL AND METHODS: CTPA scans from 60 prospectively randomized patients (28 men, 32 women) were examined in this study on a 15-year-old 16-slice CT scanner system...
December 2016: Acta Radiologica Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284416/using-the-beers-criteria-to-identify-potentially-inappropriate-medication-use-by-older-adult-dental-patients
#12
Daniel D Skaar, Heidi O'Connor
BACKGROUND: An aging population indicates that increasing numbers of older adults will seek oral health care and have multiple chronic conditions treated with a number of medications. The authors examined the Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey administrative data set to characterize potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) use by older adults visiting the dentist and related adverse experiences that may affect oral health care. METHODS: The authors used the 2015 Beers criteria to identify PIMs for older adults...
March 8, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275099/the-mediterranean-diet-score-is-more-strongly-associated-with-favorable-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-over-2-years-than-other-diet-quality-indexes-in-puerto-rican-adults
#13
Josiemer Mattei, Mercedes Sotos-Prieto, Sherman J Bigornia, Sabrina E Noel, Katherine L Tucker
Background: Multiple diet quality scores have been used to evaluate adherence to specific dietary recommendations or to consumption of healthful foods and nutrients. It remains unknown which score can more strongly predict longitudinal changes in cardiometabolic risk factors.Objective: We aimed to determine associations of 5 diet quality scores [AHA diet score (AHA-DS), Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH), Healthy Eating Index (HEI)-2005, Mediterranean diet score (MeDS), and Alternative Healthy Eating Index (AHEI)] with 2-y changes in cardiometabolic risk factors in adults 45-75 y old...
April 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225055/alcoholic-beverage-preference-and-diabetes-incidence-across-europe-the-consortium-on-health-and-ageing-network-of-cohorts-in-europe-and-the-united-states-chances-project
#14
D Sluik, N Jankovic, M Hughes, M G O'Doherty, B Schöttker, W Drygas, O Rolandsson, S Männistö, J M Ordóñez-Mena, J Ferrieres, C Bamia, G de Gaetano, J C Kiefte-De Jong, O H Franco, I Sluijs, A M W Spijkerman, S Sans, S Eriksson, D Kromhout, A Trichopoulou, T Wilsgaard, H Brenner, K Kuulasmaa, T Laatikainen, S Söderberg, L Iacoviello, P Boffetta, F Kee, E J M Feskens
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: It is unknown if wine, beer and spirit intake lead to a similar association with diabetes. We studied the association between alcoholic beverage preference and type 2 diabetes incidence in persons who reported to consume alcohol. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Ten European cohort studies from the Consortium on Health and Ageing: Network of Cohorts in Europe and the United States were included, comprising participant data of 62 458 adults who reported alcohol consumption at baseline...
February 22, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146535/reflectance-mode-interferometric-near-infrared-spectroscopy-quantifies-brain-absorption-scattering-and-blood-flow-index-in-vivo
#15
Dawid Borycki, Oybek Kholiqov, Vivek J Srinivasan
Interferometric near-infrared spectroscopy (iNIRS) is a new technique that measures time-of-flight- (TOF-) resolved autocorrelations in turbid media, enabling simultaneous estimation of optical and dynamical properties. Here, we demonstrate reflectance-mode iNIRS for noninvasive monitoring of a mouse brain in vivo. A method for more precise quantification with less static interference from superficial layers, based on separating static and dynamic components of the optical field autocorrelation, is presented...
February 1, 2017: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115442/effect-of-comorbidities-and-medications-on-frequency-of-primary-care-visits-among-older-patients
#16
Tina Hu, Neil D Dattani, Kelly Anne Cox, Bonnie Au, Leo Xu, Don Melady, Liisa Jaakkimainen, Rahul Jain, Jocelyn Charles
OBJECTIVE: To determine if comorbidities and high-risk medications affect the frequency of family physician visits among older patients. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. SETTING: Academic family health team at Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre in Toronto, Ont. PARTICIPANTS: Among patients aged 65 years and older who were registered patients of the family health team between July 1, 2013, and June 30, 2014, the 5% who visited their family physicians most frequently and the 5% who visited their family physicians least frequently were selected for the study (N = 265)...
January 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092760/serum-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-and-stability-of-depressive-symptoms-in-coronary-heart-disease-patients-a-prospective-study
#17
Stella L Kuhlmann, Mira Tschorn, Volker Arolt, Katja Beer, Julia Brandt, Laura Grosse, Wilhelm Haverkamp, Jacqueline Müller-Nordhorn, Nina Rieckmann, Johannes Waltenberger, Katharina Warnke, Rainer Hellweg, Andreas Ströhle
OBJECTIVE: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) supports neurogenesis, angiogenesis, and promotes the survival of various cell types in the brain and the coronary system. Moreover, BDNF is associated with both coronary heart disease (CHD) and depression. The current study aims to investigate whether serum BDNF levels are associated with the course of depressive symptoms in CHD patients. METHODS: At baseline, N=225 CHD patients were enrolled while hospitalized...
December 23, 2016: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045115/skeletal-related-events-significantly-impact-health-related-quality-of-life-in-metastatic-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-data-from-prevail-and-affirm-trials
#18
F Saad, C Ivanescu, D Phung, Y Loriot, S Abhyankar, T M Beer, B Tombal, S Holmstrom
BACKGROUND: We investigated the impact of skeletal-related events (SREs) on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) in phase III trials of enzalutamide versus placebo. METHODS: Patients with mCRPC experiencing at least one SRE during AFFIRM and PREVAIL were assessed for trajectory-adjusted mean change in HRQoL by first SRE using Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Prostate (FACT-P; AFFIRM, three domains, and PREVAIL, nine domains) and EQ-5D (PREVAIL) instruments...
March 2017: Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919698/the-use-of-partially-hydrolysed-polyvinyl-alcohol-for-the-production-of-high-drug-loaded-sustained-release-pellets-via-extrusion-spheronisation-and-coating-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-evaluation
#19
G Verstraete, W De Jaeghere, J Vercruysse, W Grymonpré, V Vanhoorne, F Stauffer, T De Beer, A Bezuijen, J P Remon, C Vervaet
Partially hydrolysed polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) was evaluated as a pelletisation aid for the production of pellets with a high acetaminophen and metformin hydrochloride concentration (>70%, w/w). Mixtures with varying drug concentration and PVA/microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) ratios were processed via extrusion-spheronisation, either after addition of PVA as a dry powder or as an aqueous solution. Finally, high drug- loaded metformin pellets were coated with a methacrylic acid copolymer (Eudragit™ NM 30D) and evaluated for their sustained release potency in vitro and in vivo...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861761/prediagnostic-alcohol-consumption-and-colorectal-cancer-survival-the-colon-cancer-family-registry
#20
Amanda I Phipps, Jamaica R Robinson, Peter T Campbell, Aung Ko Win, Jane C Figueiredo, Noralane M Lindor, Polly A Newcomb
BACKGROUND: Although previous studies have noted an increased risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) among moderate to heavy alcohol consumers in comparison with nondrinkers, the relation between alcohol consumption and CRC survival remains unclear. METHODS: Cases of incident invasive CRC diagnosed between 1997 and 2007 were identified via population-based cancer registries at 4 study sites in the Colon Cancer Family Registry. Study participants completed a risk-factor questionnaire on prediagnostic behaviors, including wine, beer, and liquor consumption, at the baseline...
May 15, 2017: Cancer
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