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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811990/clinical-outcomes-of-total-disc-replacement-versus-anterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-for-surgical-treatment-of-lumbar-degenerative-disc-disease
#1
Tobias A Mattei, Jennifer Beer, Alisson R Teles, Azeem A Rehman, Jean Aldag, Dzung Dinh
STUDY DESIGN: The authors performed a retrospective controlled study of patients diagnosed with lumbar degenerative disc disease who received surgical intervention (either total disc replacement [TDR]/Activ-L or anterior lumbar interbody fusion [ALIF]) at a single tertiary-care hospital from 2007-2010. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the clinical outcomes after TDR in comparison with ALIF for surgical treatment of lumbar degenerative disc disease (DDD). METHODS: Analyzed data included intra-operative blood loss, time to return to work, and clinical outcomes as evaluated through the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) pain questionnaires pre-operatively and at 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, and 1 year postoperative follow-up...
August 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761946/treatment-of-latent-tuberculosis-infection-an-updated-network-meta-analysis
#2
Dominik Zenner, Netta Beer, Ross J Harris, Marc C Lipman, Helen R Stagg, Marieke J van der Werf
Background: Treatment of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) is an important component of tuberculosis (TB) control, and this study updates a previous network meta-analysis of the best LTBI treatment options to inform public health action and programmatic management of LTBI. Purpose: To evaluate the comparative efficacy and harms of LTBI treatment regimens aimed at preventing active TB among adults and children. Data Sources: PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science from indexing to 8 May 2017; clinical trial registries; and conference abstracts...
August 15, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752589/frailty-and-potentially-inappropriate-medication-use-at-nursing-home-transition
#3
Laura C Maclagan, Colleen J Maxwell, Sima Gandhi, Jun Guan, Chaim M Bell, David B Hogan, Nick Daneman, Sudeep S Gill, Andrew M Morris, Lianne Jeffs, Michael A Campitelli, Dallas P Seitz, Susan E Bronskill
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) use among older adults with cognitive impairment or dementia prior to and following admission to nursing homes and in relation to frailty. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study using health administrative databases. SETTING: Ontario, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: 41,351 individuals with cognitive impairment or dementia, aged 66+ years newly admitted to nursing home between 2011 and 2014...
July 28, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743244/non-adherence-to-medication-regimens-among-older-african-american-adults
#4
Mohsen Bazargan, James Smith, Hamed Yazdanshenas, Masoud Movassaghi, David Martins, Gail Orum
BACKGROUND: Despite concerns about racial differences on adherence to prescribed medication rigimens among older adults, current information about nonadherence among underserved elderly African Americans with co-morbidities is limited. This study examines the association between adherence to drug regimens and an array of medication-related factors, including polypharmacy, medication regimen complexity, use of Potentially Inappropriate Medications (PIM), and knowledge about the therapeutic purpose and instructions of medication use...
July 25, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735890/prognostic-validation-of-sky92-and-its-combination-with-iss-in-an-independent-cohort-of-patients-with-multiple-myeloma
#5
Erik H van Beers, Martin H van Vliet, Rowan Kuiper, Leonie de Best, Kenneth C Anderson, Ajai Chari, Sundar Jagannath, Andrzej Jakubowiak, Shaji K Kumar, Joan B Levy, Daniel Auclair, Sagar Lonial, Donna Reece, Paul Richardson, David S Siegel, A Keith Stewart, Suzanne Trudel, Ravi Vij, Todd M Zimmerman, Rafael Fonseca
BACKGROUND: High risk and low risk multiple myeloma patients follow a very different clinical course as reflected in their PFS and OS. To be clinically useful, methodologies used to identify high and low risk disease must be validated in representative independent clinical data and available so that patients can be managed appropriately. A recent analysis has indicated that SKY92 combined with the International Staging System (ISS) identifies patients with different risk disease with high sensitivity...
July 4, 2017: Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma & Leukemia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735452/characterization-of-polymeric-substance-classes-in-cereal-based-beverages-using-asymmetrical-flow-field-flow-fractionation-with-a-multi-detection-system
#6
Georg Krebs, Thomas Becker, Martina Gastl
Cereal-based beverages contain a complex mixture of various polymeric macromolecules including polysaccharides, peptides, and polyphenols. The molar mass of polymers and their degradation products affect different technological and especially sensory parameters of beverages. Asymmetrical flow field-flow fractionation (AF4) coupled with multi-angle light scattering (MALS) and refractive index detection (dRI) or UV detection (UV) is a technique for structure and molar mass distribution analysis of macromolecules commonly used for pure compound solutions...
July 22, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645287/health-related-quality-of-life-effects-of-enzalutamide-in-patients-with-metastatic-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-an-in-depth-post-hoc-analysis-of-eq-5d-data-from-the-prevail-trial
#7
Nancy Devlin, Michael Herdman, Marco Pavesi, De Phung, Shevani Naidoo, Tomasz M Beer, Bertrand Tombal, Yohann Loriot, Cristina Ivanescu, Teresa Parli, Mark Balk, Stefan Holmstrom
BACKGROUND: The effect of enzalutamide on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in the PREVAIL trial in chemotherapy-naïve men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer was analyzed using the generic EQ-5D instrument. METHODS: Patients received oral enzalutamide 160 mg/day (n = 872) or placebo (n = 845). EQ-5D index and EQ-5D visual analogue scale (EQ-5D VAS) scores were evaluated at baseline, week 13, and every 12 weeks until week 61 due to sample size reduction thereafter...
June 23, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603638/clinician-agreement-and-influence-of-medication-related-characteristics-on-assessment-of-polypharmacy
#8
Gao-Jing Ong, Amy Page, Gillian Caughey, Sally Johns, Emily Reeve, Sepehr Shakib
It is not known how clinicians assess polypharmacy or the medication-related characteristics that influence their assessment. The aim of this study was to examine the level of agreement between clinicians when assessing polypharmacy and to identify medication-related characteristics that influence their assessment. Twenty cases of patients with varying levels of comorbidity and polypharmacy were used to examine clinician assessment of polypharmacy. Medicine-related factors within the cases included Beers and STOPP Criteria medicines, falls-risk medicines, drug burden index (DBI) medicines, medicines causing postural hypotension, and pharmacokinetic drug-drug interactions...
June 2017: Pharmacology Research & Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587139/is-housing-a-health-insult
#9
Emma Baker, Andrew Beer, Laurence Lester, David Pevalin, Christine Whitehead, Rebecca Bentley
In seeking to understand the relationship between housing and health, research attention is often focussed on separate components of people's whole housing 'bundles'. We propose in this paper that such conceptual and methodological abstraction of elements of the housing and health relationship limits our ability to understand the scale of the accumulated effect of housing on health and thereby contributes to the under-recognition of adequate housing as a social policy tool and powerful health intervention. In this paper, we propose and describe an index to capture the means by which housing bundles influence health...
May 26, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542003/providing-choice-in-exercise-influences-food-intake-at-the-subsequent-meal
#10
Natalya J Beer, James A Dimmock, Ben Jackson, Kym J Guelfi
The benefits of regular exercise for health are well established; however, certain behaviors following exercise, such as unhealthy or excessive food consumption, can counteract some of these benefits. PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of autonomy support (through the provision of choice) in exercise - relative to a no-choice condition with matched energy expenditure - on appetite and subsequent energy intake. METHODS: Fifty-eight men and women (body mass index: 22...
May 23, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521699/food-and-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#11
Teodora Surdea-Blaga, Dana E Negrutiu, Mariana Palage, Dan L Dumitrascu
Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a chronic condition with a high prevalence in western countries. Transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation episodes and a decreased lower esophageal sphincter pressure are the main mechanisms involved. Currently used drugs are efficient on reflux symptoms, but only as long as they are administered, because they do not modify the reflux barrier. Certain nutrients or foods are generally considered to increase the frequency of gastroesophageal reflux symptoms, therefore physicians recommend changes in diet and some patients avoid bothering foods...
May 15, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514314/infected-tibia-defect-fractures-treated-with-the-masquelet-technique
#12
Julia Mühlhäusser, Jörg Winkler, Reto Babst, Frank J P Beeres
The treatment after open and infected fractures with extensive soft tissue damage and bone deficit remains a challenging clinical problem. The technique described by Masquelet, using a temporary cement spacer to induce a membrane combined with reconstructive soft tissue coverage, is a possible solution. This study describes the work-up, operative procedure, complications, and the outcome of a homogenous group of patients with an open and infected tibia fracture and segmental bone loss treated with the Masquelet technique (MT)...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508088/characterization-of-the-molar-mass-distribution-of-macromolecules-in-beer-for-different-mashing-processes-using-asymmetric-flow-field-flow-fractionation-af4-coupled-with-multiple-detectors
#13
Jaeyeong Choi, Claudia Zielke, Lars Nilsson, Seungho Lee
The macromolecular composition of beer is largely determined by the brewing and the mashing process. It is known that the physico-chemical properties of proteinaceous and polysaccharide molecules are closely related to the mechanism of foam stability. Three types of "American pale ale" style beer were prepared using different mashing protocols. The foam stability of the beers was assessed using the Derek Rudin standard method. Asymmetric flow field-flow fractionation (AF4) in combination with ultraviolet (UV), multiangle light scattering (MALS) and differential refractive index (dRI) detectors was used to separate the macromolecules present in the beers and the molar mass (M) and molar mass distributions (MD) were determined...
May 15, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499344/the-responsiveness-and-minimal-important-change-of-the-western-ontario-shoulder-instability-index-and-oxford-shoulder-instability-score
#14
Just A van der Linde, Derk A van Kampen, Loes W A H van Beers, Derek F P van Deurzen, Daniël B F Saris, Caroline B Terwee
Study Design Prospective cohort study. Background Patient-reported outcome measurements (PROMs) are widely used to evaluate functional limitations. Considering PROMs for shoulder instability, information is lacking with regard to what constitutes a relevant change from baseline scores. Objectives To evaluate the responsiveness of the Western Ontario Shoulder Instability Index (WOSI) and the Oxford Shoulder Instability Score (OSIS) and estimate their minimal important change (MIC). Methods One hundred five consecutive patients with shoulder instability completed 5 PROMs at baseline and at 6-month follow-up...
June 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493276/analytical-characterization-of-the-hydrolysis-of-barley-malt-macromolecules-during-enzymatic-degradation-over-time-using-af4-mals-ri
#15
Heinrich Rübsam, Thomas Becker, Martina Gastl
The changes on the molecular weight distribution (MWD) and particle size distribution (PSD) during hydrolysis of barley malt in isothermal mashing procedures were determined using asymmetrical flow field flow fractionation coupled to multiangle laser light scattering and refractive index (AF4/MALS/RI). Mash/trials were focused on amylolytic starch degradation. Therefore, temperatures (65, 70, and 75 °C) were selected according to α- and β-amylases range of activity. Samples were produced by triplicate, tracking amylolytic processes over time periods from 10 to 90 min in each mash/trial...
June 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458417/evaluation-of-polypharmacy-and-appropriateness-of-prescription-in-geriatric-patients-a-cross-sectional-study-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#16
K B Rakesh, Mukta N Chowta, Ashok K Shenoy, Rajeshwari Shastry, Sunil B Pai
OBJECTIVES: To assess the polypharmacy and appropriateness of prescriptions in geriatric patients in a tertiary care hospital. METHODS: An observational study was done in geriatric patients (>60 years) of either gender. The data collected from patients included: Socio-demographic data such as age, gender, marital status, educational status, socioeconomic status, occupation, nutritional status, history of alcohol/smoking, exercise history, details of comorbid diseases, medication history, findings of clinical examination etc...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458294/deprescribing-using-the-guidelines-for-medical-treatment-and-its-safety-in-the-elderly-and-changes-in-patient-qol-and-activities-of-daily-living
#17
Shigeru Ohshima, Ayaka Hara, Takumi Abe, Hayato Akimoto, Kousuke Ohara, Akio Negishi, Mitsuyoshi Okita, Shinji Oshima, Naoko Inoue, Sachihiko Numajiri, Etsushi Ogawa, Minoru Saiki, Daisuke Kobayashi
 Pharmacists applied deprescribing, which is a process for the rational use of drugs, for 13 at-home patients. The standard used for the rational use of drugs was the "Guidelines for Medical Treatment and Its Safety in the Elderly" (the Guidelines). The results of the deprescribing were discussed with physicians to determine prescriptions. After the prescription change, activities of daily living (ADL) and QOL were assessed using the Barthel Index and SF-36v2, respectively. Potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) were detected in 10 of the 13 patients (76...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448407/automated-attenuation-based-tube-potential-selection-of-the-lower-extremity-runoff-a-comparison-to-fixed-kilovolt-with-automated-tube-current-modulation
#18
Martin Beeres, Kang Juhee, Andreas M Bucher, Claudia Frellesen, Moritz Albrecht, Julian L Wichmann, Clara Park, Moritz Kaup, Jan Erik Scholtz, Thomas J Vogl, Tatjana Gruber-Rouh, Boris Bodelle
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of automated attenuation-based tube potential selection (ATPS) on image quality and radiation dose exposure parameters at a computed tomography angiography (CTA) lower-extremity runoff. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred forty patients (156 men, 84 women) underwent CTA examinations of the lower-extremity runoff on a second-generation dual-source computed tomography system: 120 patients at a fixed tube potential of 120 kV and a tube current of 180 reference mAs, another 120 patients using automated ATPS...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388200/directional-limits-on-persistent-gravitational-waves-from-advanced-ligo-s-first-observing-run
#19
B P Abbott, R Abbott, T D Abbott, M R Abernathy, F Acernese, K Ackley, C Adams, T Adams, P Addesso, R X Adhikari, V B Adya, C Affeldt, M Agathos, K Agatsuma, N Aggarwal, O D Aguiar, L Aiello, A Ain, P Ajith, B Allen, A Allocca, P A Altin, A Ananyeva, S B Anderson, W G Anderson, S Appert, K Arai, M C Araya, J S Areeda, N Arnaud, K G Arun, S Ascenzi, G Ashton, M Ast, S M Aston, P Astone, P Aufmuth, C Aulbert, A Avila-Alvarez, S Babak, P Bacon, M K M Bader, P T Baker, F Baldaccini, G Ballardin, S W Ballmer, J C Barayoga, S E Barclay, B C Barish, D Barker, F Barone, B Barr, L Barsotti, M Barsuglia, D Barta, J Bartlett, I Bartos, R Bassiri, A Basti, J C Batch, C Baune, V Bavigadda, M Bazzan, C Beer, M Bejger, I Belahcene, M Belgin, A S Bell, B K Berger, G Bergmann, C P L Berry, D Bersanetti, A Bertolini, J Betzwieser, S Bhagwat, R Bhandare, I A Bilenko, G Billingsley, C R Billman, J Birch, R Birney, O Birnholtz, S Biscans, A S Biscoveanu, A Bisht, M Bitossi, C Biwer, M A Bizouard, J K Blackburn, J Blackman, C D Blair, D G Blair, R M Blair, S Bloemen, O Bock, M Boer, G Bogaert, A Bohe, F Bondu, R Bonnand, B A Boom, R Bork, V Boschi, S Bose, Y Bouffanais, A Bozzi, C Bradaschia, P R Brady, V B Braginsky, M Branchesi, J E Brau, T Briant, A Brillet, M Brinkmann, V Brisson, P Brockill, J E Broida, A F Brooks, D A Brown, D D Brown, N M Brown, S Brunett, C C Buchanan, A Buikema, T Bulik, H J Bulten, A Buonanno, D Buskulic, C Buy, R L Byer, M Cabero, L Cadonati, G Cagnoli, C Cahillane, J Calderón Bustillo, T A Callister, E Calloni, J B Camp, W Campbell, M Canepa, K C Cannon, H Cao, J Cao, C D Capano, E Capocasa, F Carbognani, S Caride, J Casanueva Diaz, C Casentini, S Caudill, M Cavaglià, F Cavalier, R Cavalieri, G Cella, C B Cepeda, L Cerboni Baiardi, G Cerretani, E Cesarini, S J Chamberlin, M Chan, S Chao, P Charlton, E Chassande-Mottin, B D Cheeseboro, H Y Chen, Y Chen, H-P Cheng, A Chincarini, A Chiummo, T Chmiel, H S Cho, M Cho, J H Chow, N Christensen, Q Chu, A J K Chua, S Chua, S Chung, G Ciani, F Clara, J A Clark, F Cleva, C Cocchieri, E Coccia, P-F Cohadon, A Colla, C G Collette, L Cominsky, M Constancio, L Conti, S J Cooper, T R Corbitt, N Cornish, A Corsi, S Cortese, C A Costa, E Coughlin, M W Coughlin, S B Coughlin, J-P Coulon, S T Countryman, P Couvares, P B Covas, E E Cowan, D M Coward, M J Cowart, D C Coyne, R Coyne, J D E Creighton, T D Creighton, J Cripe, S G Crowder, T J Cullen, A Cumming, L Cunningham, E Cuoco, T Dal Canton, S L Danilishin, S D'Antonio, K Danzmann, A Dasgupta, C F Da Silva Costa, V Dattilo, I Dave, M Davier, G S Davies, D Davis, E J Daw, B Day, R Day, S De, D DeBra, G Debreczeni, J Degallaix, M De Laurentis, S Deléglise, W Del Pozzo, T Denker, T Dent, V Dergachev, R De Rosa, R T DeRosa, R DeSalvo, J Devenson, R C Devine, S Dhurandhar, M C Díaz, L Di Fiore, M Di Giovanni, T Di Girolamo, A Di Lieto, S Di Pace, I Di Palma, A Di Virgilio, Z Doctor, V Dolique, F Donovan, K L Dooley, S Doravari, I Dorrington, R Douglas, M Dovale Álvarez, T P Downes, M Drago, R W P Drever, J C Driggers, Z Du, M Ducrot, S E Dwyer, T B Edo, M C Edwards, A Effler, H-B Eggenstein, P Ehrens, J Eichholz, S S Eikenberry, R C Essick, Z Etienne, T Etzel, M Evans, T M Evans, R Everett, M Factourovich, V Fafone, H Fair, S Fairhurst, X Fan, S Farinon, B Farr, W M Farr, E J Fauchon-Jones, M Favata, M Fays, H Fehrmann, M M Fejer, A Fernández Galiana, I Ferrante, E C Ferreira, F Ferrini, F Fidecaro, I Fiori, D Fiorucci, R P Fisher, R Flaminio, M Fletcher, H Fong, S S Forsyth, J-D Fournier, S Frasca, F Frasconi, Z Frei, A Freise, R Frey, V Frey, E M Fries, P Fritschel, V V Frolov, P Fulda, M Fyffe, H Gabbard, B U Gadre, S M Gaebel, J R Gair, L Gammaitoni, S G Gaonkar, F Garufi, G Gaur, V Gayathri, N Gehrels, G Gemme, E Genin, A Gennai, J George, L Gergely, V Germain, S Ghonge, Abhirup Ghosh, Archisman Ghosh, S Ghosh, J A Giaime, K D Giardina, A Giazotto, K Gill, A Glaefke, E Goetz, R Goetz, L Gondan, G González, J M Gonzalez Castro, A Gopakumar, M L Gorodetsky, S E Gossan, M Gosselin, R Gouaty, A Grado, C Graef, M Granata, A Grant, S Gras, C Gray, G Greco, A C Green, P Groot, H Grote, S Grunewald, G M Guidi, X Guo, A Gupta, M K Gupta, K E Gushwa, E K Gustafson, R Gustafson, J J Hacker, B R Hall, E D Hall, G Hammond, M Haney, M M Hanke, J Hanks, C Hanna, M D Hannam, J Hanson, T Hardwick, J Harms, G M Harry, I W Harry, M J Hart, M T Hartman, C-J Haster, K Haughian, J Healy, A Heidmann, M C Heintze, H Heitmann, P Hello, G Hemming, M Hendry, I S Heng, J Hennig, J Henry, A W Heptonstall, M Heurs, S Hild, D Hoak, D Hofman, K Holt, D E Holz, P Hopkins, J Hough, E A Houston, E J Howell, Y M Hu, E A Huerta, D Huet, B Hughey, S Husa, S H Huttner, T Huynh-Dinh, N Indik, D R Ingram, R Inta, H N Isa, J-M Isac, M Isi, T Isogai, B R Iyer, K Izumi, T Jacqmin, K Jani, P Jaranowski, S Jawahar, F Jiménez-Forteza, W W Johnson, D I Jones, R Jones, R J G Jonker, L Ju, J Junker, C V Kalaghatgi, V Kalogera, S Kandhasamy, G Kang, J B Kanner, S Karki, K S Karvinen, M Kasprzack, E Katsavounidis, W Katzman, S Kaufer, T Kaur, K Kawabe, F Kéfélian, D Keitel, D B Kelley, R Kennedy, J S Key, F Y Khalili, I Khan, S Khan, Z Khan, E A Khazanov, N Kijbunchoo, Chunglee Kim, J C Kim, Whansun Kim, W Kim, Y-M Kim, S J Kimbrell, E J King, P J King, R Kirchhoff, J S Kissel, B Klein, L Kleybolte, S Klimenko, P Koch, S M Koehlenbeck, S Koley, V Kondrashov, A Kontos, M Korobko, W Z Korth, I Kowalska, D B Kozak, C Krämer, V Kringel, A Królak, G Kuehn, P Kumar, R Kumar, L Kuo, A Kutynia, B D Lackey, M Landry, R N Lang, J Lange, B Lantz, R K Lanza, A Lartaux-Vollard, P D Lasky, M Laxen, A Lazzarini, C Lazzaro, P Leaci, S Leavey, E O Lebigot, C H Lee, H K Lee, H M Lee, K Lee, J Lehmann, A Lenon, M Leonardi, J R Leong, N Leroy, N Letendre, Y Levin, T G F Li, A Libson, T B Littenberg, J Liu, N A Lockerbie, A L Lombardi, L T London, J E Lord, M Lorenzini, V Loriette, M Lormand, G Losurdo, J D Lough, C O Lousto, G Lovelace, H Lück, A P Lundgren, R Lynch, Y Ma, S Macfoy, B Machenschalk, M MacInnis, D M Macleod, F Magaña-Sandoval, E Majorana, I Maksimovic, V Malvezzi, N Man, V Mandic, V Mangano, G L Mansell, M Manske, M Mantovani, F Marchesoni, F Marion, S Márka, Z Márka, A S Markosyan, E Maros, F Martelli, L Martellini, I W Martin, D V Martynov, K Mason, A Masserot, T J Massinger, M Masso-Reid, S Mastrogiovanni, A Matas, F Matichard, L Matone, N Mavalvala, N Mazumder, R McCarthy, D E McClelland, S McCormick, C McGrath, S C McGuire, G McIntyre, J McIver, D J McManus, T McRae, S T McWilliams, D Meacher, G D Meadors, J Meidam, A Melatos, G Mendell, D Mendoza-Gandara, R A Mercer, E L Merilh, M Merzougui, S Meshkov, C Messenger, C Messick, R Metzdorff, P M Meyers, F Mezzani, H Miao, C Michel, H Middleton, E E Mikhailov, L Milano, A L Miller, A Miller, B B Miller, J Miller, M Millhouse, Y Minenkov, J Ming, S Mirshekari, C Mishra, S Mitra, V P Mitrofanov, G Mitselmakher, R Mittleman, A Moggi, M Mohan, S R P Mohapatra, M Montani, B C Moore, C J Moore, D Moraru, G Moreno, S R Morriss, B Mours, C M Mow-Lowry, G Mueller, A W Muir, Arunava Mukherjee, D Mukherjee, S Mukherjee, N Mukund, A Mullavey, J Munch, E A M Muniz, P G Murray, A Mytidis, K Napier, I Nardecchia, L Naticchioni, G Nelemans, T J N Nelson, M Neri, M Nery, A Neunzert, J M Newport, G Newton, T T Nguyen, A B Nielsen, S Nissanke, A Nitz, A Noack, F Nocera, D Nolting, M E N Normandin, L K Nuttall, J Oberling, E Ochsner, E Oelker, G H Ogin, J J Oh, S H Oh, F Ohme, M Oliver, P Oppermann, Richard J Oram, B O'Reilly, R O'Shaughnessy, D J Ottaway, H Overmier, B J Owen, A E Pace, J Page, A Pai, S A Pai, J R Palamos, O Palashov, C Palomba, A Pal-Singh, H Pan, C Pankow, F Pannarale, B C Pant, F Paoletti, A Paoli, M A Papa, H R Paris, W Parker, D Pascucci, A Pasqualetti, R Passaquieti, D Passuello, B Patricelli, B L Pearlstone, M Pedraza, R Pedurand, L Pekowsky, A Pele, S Penn, C J Perez, A Perreca, L M Perri, H P Pfeiffer, M Phelps, O J Piccinni, M Pichot, F Piergiovanni, V Pierro, G Pillant, L Pinard, I M Pinto, M Pitkin, M Poe, R Poggiani, P Popolizio, A Post, J Powell, J Prasad, J W W Pratt, V Predoi, T Prestegard, M Prijatelj, M Principe, S Privitera, G A Prodi, L G Prokhorov, O Puncken, M Punturo, P Puppo, M Pürrer, H Qi, J Qin, S Qiu, V Quetschke, E A Quintero, R Quitzow-James, F J Raab, D S Rabeling, H Radkins, P Raffai, S Raja, C Rajan, M Rakhmanov, P Rapagnani, V Raymond, M Razzano, V Re, J Read, T Regimbau, L Rei, S Reid, D H Reitze, H Rew, S D Reyes, E Rhoades, F Ricci, K Riles, M Rizzo, N A Robertson, R Robie, F Robinet, A Rocchi, L Rolland, J G Rollins, V J Roma, J D Romano, R Romano, J H Romie, D Rosińska, S Rowan, A Rüdiger, P Ruggi, K Ryan, S Sachdev, T Sadecki, L Sadeghian, M Sakellariadou, L Salconi, M Saleem, F Salemi, A Samajdar, L Sammut, L M Sampson, E J Sanchez, V Sandberg, J R Sanders, B Sassolas, B S Sathyaprakash, P R Saulson, O Sauter, R L Savage, A Sawadsky, P Schale, J Scheuer, S Schlassa, E Schmidt, J Schmidt, P Schmidt, R Schnabel, R M S Schofield, A Schönbeck, E Schreiber, D Schuette, B F Schutz, S G Schwalbe, J Scott, S M Scott, D Sellers, A S Sengupta, D Sentenac, V Sequino, A Sergeev, Y Setyawati, D A Shaddock, T J Shaffer, M S Shahriar, B Shapiro, P Shawhan, A Sheperd, D H Shoemaker, D M Shoemaker, K Siellez, X Siemens, M Sieniawska, D Sigg, A D Silva, A Singer, L P Singer, A Singh, R Singh, A Singhal, A M Sintes, B J J Slagmolen, B Smith, J R Smith, R J E Smith, E J Son, B Sorazu, F Sorrentino, T Souradeep, A P Spencer, A K Srivastava, A Staley, M Steinke, J Steinlechner, S Steinlechner, D Steinmeyer, B C Stephens, S P Stevenson, R Stone, K A Strain, N Straniero, G Stratta, S E Strigin, R Sturani, A L Stuver, T Z Summerscales, L Sun, S Sunil, P J Sutton, B L Swinkels, M J Szczepańczyk, M Tacca, D Talukder, D B Tanner, D Tao, M Tápai, A Taracchini, R Taylor, T Theeg, E G Thomas, M Thomas, P Thomas, K A Thorne, E Thrane, T Tippens, S Tiwari, V Tiwari, K V Tokmakov, K Toland, C Tomlinson, M Tonelli, Z Tornasi, C I Torrie, D Töyrä, F Travasso, G Traylor, D Trifirò, J Trinastic, M C Tringali, L Trozzo, M Tse, R Tso, M Turconi, D Tuyenbayev, D Ugolini, C S Unnikrishnan, A L Urban, S A Usman, H Vahlbruch, G Vajente, G Valdes, N van Bakel, M van Beuzekom, J F J van den Brand, C Van Den Broeck, D C Vander-Hyde, L van der Schaaf, J V van Heijningen, A A van Veggel, M Vardaro, V Varma, S Vass, M Vasúth, A Vecchio, G Vedovato, J Veitch, P J Veitch, K Venkateswara, G Venugopalan, D Verkindt, F Vetrano, A Viceré, A D Viets, S Vinciguerra, D J Vine, J-Y Vinet, S Vitale, T Vo, H Vocca, C Vorvick, D V Voss, W D Vousden, S P Vyatchanin, A R Wade, L E Wade, M Wade, M Walker, L Wallace, S Walsh, G Wang, H Wang, M Wang, Y Wang, R L Ward, J Warner, M Was, J Watchi, B Weaver, L-W Wei, M Weinert, A J Weinstein, R Weiss, L Wen, P Weßels, T Westphal, K Wette, J T Whelan, B F Whiting, C Whittle, D Williams, R D Williams, A R Williamson, J L Willis, B Willke, M H Wimmer, W Winkler, C C Wipf, H Wittel, G Woan, J Woehler, J Worden, J L Wright, D S Wu, G Wu, W Yam, H Yamamoto, C C Yancey, M J Yap, Hang Yu, Haocun Yu, M Yvert, A Zadrożny, L Zangrando, M Zanolin, J-P Zendri, M Zevin, L Zhang, M Zhang, T Zhang, Y Zhang, C Zhao, M Zhou, Z Zhou, S J Zhu, X J Zhu, M E Zucker, J Zweizig
We employ gravitational-wave radiometry to map the stochastic gravitational wave background expected from a variety of contributing mechanisms and test the assumption of isotropy using data from the Advanced Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory's (aLIGO) first observing run. We also search for persistent gravitational waves from point sources with only minimal assumptions over the 20-1726 Hz frequency band. Finding no evidence of gravitational waves from either point sources or a stochastic background, we set limits at 90% confidence...
March 24, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380699/the-evaluation-of-noninvasive-measurements-of-erythema-as-a-potential-surrogate-for-dna-damage-in-repetitively-uv-exposed-human-skin
#20
Sharon A Miller, Sergio G Coelho, Yuji Yamaguchi, Vincent J Hearing, Janusz Z Beer, Frank de Gruijl
Erythema (i.e. visible redness) and DNA damage caused by ultraviolet radiation (UVR) in human skin have similar action spectra and show good correlation after a single exposure to UVR. We explored the potential to use instrumental assessments of erythema as a surrogate for DNA damage after repeated exposures to UVR. We exposed 40 human subjects to three different exposure schedules using two different UVR sources. Cyclobutane-pyrimidine dimers (CPDs) in skin biopsies were measured by immunofluorescence, and erythema was assessed by both the Erythemal Index (EI) and the Oxy-hemoglobin (Oxy-Hb) content...
April 5, 2017: Photochemistry and Photobiology
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