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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618376/association-between-the-hla-b-alleles-and-carbamazepine-induced-sjs-ten-a-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Qianyu Wang, Shusen Sun, Meng Xie, Kun Zhao, Xingang Li, Zhigang Zhao
PURPOSE: From our current understanding, the association between the human leukocyte antigen (HLA), HLA-B*1502, and carbamazepine(CBZ)-induced Stevens-Jonson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis (SJS/TEN) in the Asian population is quite clear. However the relationship between other HLA-B alleles and CBZ-induced severe cutaneous adverse drug reactions (SCADRs) remains unclear. We aimed to identify other non-HLA-B*1502 alleles in patients with CBZ-induced SCADRs through a meta-analysis...
June 3, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610618/relatively-frequent-switching-of-transcription-start-sites-during-cerebellar-development
#2
Peter Zhang, Emmanuel Dimont, Thomas Ha, Douglas J Swanson, Winston Hide, Dan Goldowitz
BACKGROUND: Alternative transcription start site (TSS) usage plays important roles in transcriptional control of mammalian gene expression. The growing interest in alternative TSSs and their role in genome diversification spawned many single-gene studies on differential usages of tissue-specific or temporal-specific alternative TSSs. However, exploration of the switching usage of alternative TSS usage on a genomic level, especially in the central nervous system, is largely lacking. RESULTS: In this study, We have prepared a unique set of time-course data for the developing cerebellum, as part of the FANTOM5 consortium ( http://fantom...
June 13, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561274/statistical-shape-modelling-of-hip-and-lumbar-spine-morphology-and-their-relationship-in-the-mrc-national-survey-of-health-and-development
#3
Anastasia V Pavlova, Fiona R Saunders, Stella G Muthuri, Jennifer S Gregory, Rebecca J Barr, Kathryn R Martin, Rebecca J Hardy, Rachel Cooper, Judith E Adams, Diana Kuh, Richard M Aspden
The anatomical shape of bones and joints is important for their proper function but quantifying this, and detecting pathological variations, is difficult to do. Numerical descriptions would also enable correlations between joint shapes to be explored. Statistical shape modelling (SSM) is a method of image analysis employing pattern recognition statistics to describe and quantify such shapes from images; it uses principal components analysis to generate modes of variation describing each image in terms of a set of numerical scores after removing global size variation...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560046/a-review-of-delivery-room-resuscitation-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants-in-a-middle-income-country
#4
Daynia E Ballot, Faustine Agaba, Peter A Cooper, Victor A Davies, Tanusha Ramdin, Lea Chirwa, David Rakotsoane, Lethile Madzudzo
BACKGROUND: Advanced levels of delivery room resuscitation in very low birth weight infants are reported to be associated with death and complications of prematurity. In resource limited settings, the need for delivery room resuscitation is often used as a reason to limit care in these infants. METHODS: This was a review of delivery room resuscitation in very low birth weight infants born in a tertiary hospital in South Africa between 01 January 2013 and 30 June 2016...
2017: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550441/dyadic-interdependence-of-psychosocial-outcomes-among-haematological-cancer-survivors-and-their-support-persons
#5
Christine Paul, Alix Hall, Christopher Oldmeadow, Marita Lynagh, Sharon Campbell, Ken Bradstock, Anna Williamson, Mariko Carey, Rob Sanson-Fisher
PURPOSE: This study aimed to explore the dyadic relationships between unmet need, depression, and anxiety in people diagnosed with haematological cancer and their support persons. METHODS: Adult survivors (18 years+) who had been diagnosed with a haematological cancer were recruited to a cross-sectional mailed survey via five state cancer registries in Australia. Participating survivors invited a support person to also complete a survey. Structural equation modelling was used to explore the relationships among survivor and support person self-reported depression, anxiety, and unmet needs...
May 26, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460631/association-between-pulmonary-function-and-renal-function-findings-from-china-and-australia
#6
Dahai Yu, Tao Chen, Yamei Cai, Zhanzheng Zhao, David Simmons
BACKGROUND: The relationship between obstructive lung function and impaired renal function is unclear. This study investigated the dose-response relationship between obstructive lung function and impaired renal function. METHODS: Two independent cross-sectional studies with representative sampling were applied. 1454 adults from rural Victoria, Australia (1298 with normal renal function, 156 with impaired renal function) and 5824 adults from Nanjing, China (4313 with normal renal function, 1511 with impaired renal function)...
May 1, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436548/an-open-source-framework-for-analyzing-n-electron-dynamics-i-multideterminantal-wave-functions
#7
Vincent Pohl, Gunter Hermann, Jean Christophe Tremblay
The aim of the present contribution is to provide a framework for analyzing and visualizing the correlated many-electron dynamics of molecular systems, where an explicitly time-dependent electronic wave packet is represented as a linear combination of N-electron wave functions. The central quantity of interest is the electronic flux density, which contains all information about the transient electronic density, the associated phase, and their temporal evolution. It is computed from the associated one-electron operator by reducing the multideterminantal, many-electron wave packet using the Slater-Condon rules...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Computational Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436032/application-of-maldi-tof-ms-for-estimating-the-postmortem-interval-in-rat-muscle-samples
#8
Chengzhi Li, Dong Ma, Kaifei Deng, Yijiu Chen, Ping Huang, Zhenyuan Wang
Estimating the postmortem interval (PMI) is very important in the forensic sciences. Although many approaches have been used for estimating the PMI, accurate PMI calculations are still difficult. In this study, four Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were sacrificed by suffocation, and muscle samples were collected by dissection at various time intervals (0, 48, 96, and 144 h) after death. All samples were probed using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOFMS) to obtain molecular images and data for principal component analysis (PCA)...
April 23, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408121/effectiveness-of-live-attenuated-influenza-vaccine-and-inactivated-influenza-vaccine-in-children-during-the-2014-2015-season
#9
Huong Q McLean, Herve Caspard, Marie R Griffin, Katherine A Poehling, Manjusha Gaglani, Edward A Belongia, H Keipp Talbot, Timothy R Peters, Kempapura Murthy, Christopher S Ambrose
BACKGROUND: A clinical study found that live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) was superior to inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV) against drifted A(H3N2) viruses in children. During the 2014-2015 influenza season, widespread circulation of antigenically and genetically drifted A(H3N2) viruses provided an opportunity to evaluate subtype-specific vaccine effectiveness (VE) of quadrivalent LAIV (LAIV4) and IIV in children. METHODS: Children (2-17years) with febrile acute respiratory illness <5days' duration were enrolled at 4 outpatient sites in the United States during the 2014-2015 influenza season...
May 9, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392541/analysis-of-strain-specific-genes-in-glutamic-acid-producing-corynebacterium-glutamicum-ssp-lactofermentum-aj-1511
#10
Yousuke Nishio, Chie Koseki, Naoto Tonouchi, Kazuhiko Matsui, Shinichi Sugimoto, Yoshihiro Usuda
Strains of the bacterium, Corynebacterium glutamicum, are widely used for the industrial production of L-glutamic acid and various other substances. C. glutamicum ssp. lactofermentum AJ 1511, formerly classified as Brevibacterium lactofermentum, and the closely related C. glutamicum ATCC 13032 have been used as industrial strains for more than 50 years. We determined the whole genome sequence of C. glutamicum AJ 1511 and performed genome-wide comparative analysis with C. glutamicum ATCC 13032 to determine strain-specific genetic differences...
April 7, 2017: Journal of General and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368940/determination-of-perioperative-blood-loss-accuracy-or-approximation
#11
A Lopez-Picado, A Albinarrate, Borja Barrachina
BACKGROUND: Various different interventions can be used to reduce surgical blood loss; however, there is no "gold standard" for accurately measuring the volume of perioperative blood loss, and this makes it difficult to assess the efficacy of these interventions. METHODS: We used data from a previous multicenter double-blind randomized clinical trial in patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty in which we compared 2 regimens for administering tranexamic acid versus placebo...
July 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318134/long-term-clinical-outcomes-of-successful-revascularization-with-drug-eluting-stents-for-chronic-total-occlusions-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Lei Gao, Yabin Wang, Yuqi Liu, Feng Cao, Yundai Chen
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using drug-eluting stents (DESs) have beneficial effects on long-term outcomes in patients with chronic total occlusions (CTOs) compared with failed PCIs for CTOs. BACKGROUND: Several observational studies have evaluated the long-term clinical outcomes of successful PCIs using DESs for CTOs. However, the results of these studies were inconsistent and inconclusive. METHODS: We searched five online electronic databases to identify all the publications assessing the long-term outcomes of successful and failed PCIs using DESs for CTOs...
March 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169024/a-sustainable-use-of-ricotta-cheese-whey-for-microbial-biodiesel-production
#13
Eleonora Carota, Silvia Crognale, Alessandro D'Annibale, Anna Maria Gallo, Silvia Rita Stazi, Maurizio Petruccioli
The increasing demand of plant oils for biodiesel production has highlighted the need for alternative strategies based either on non-food crops or agro-industrial wastes that do not compete with food and feed production. In this context, the combined use of wastewater and oleaginous microorganisms could be a valuable production option. Ricotta cheese whey (RCW), one of the major byproducts of the dairy industry, is produced in very high and steadily increasing amounts and, due to its high organic load, its disposal is cost-prohibitive...
April 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112081/inadequate-dietary-intake-of-minerals-prevalence-and-association-with-socio-demographic-and-lifestyle-factors
#14
Cristiane H Sales, Mariane de M Fontanelli, Diva A S Vieira, Dirce M Marchioni, Regina M Fisberg
This cross-sectional, population-based study aimed to estimate the prevalence of dietary mineral inadequacies among residents in urban areas of Sao Paulo, to identify foods contributing to mineral intake and to verify possible associations between socio-demographic and lifestyle factors and mineral intake. Data were obtained from the 2008 Health Survey of Sao Paulo (n 1511; mean age 43·6 (sd 23·2), range 14-97 years). Dietary intake of minerals was measured using two 24-h dietary recalls. Socio-demographic and lifestyle data were collected...
January 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106904/planned-early-delivery-versus-expectant-management-for-hypertensive-disorders-from-34-weeks-gestation-to-term
#15
REVIEW
Catherine Cluver, Natalia Novikova, Corine M Koopmans, Helen M West
BACKGROUND: Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy are significant contributors to maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. These disorders include well-controlled chronic hypertension, gestational hypertension (pregnancy-induced hypertension) and mild pre-eclampsia. The definitive treatment for these disorders is planned early delivery and the alternative is to manage the pregnancy expectantly if severe uncontrolled hypertension is not present, with close maternal and fetal monitoring...
January 15, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103871/a-descriptive-survey-study-of-violence-management-and-priorities-among-psychiatric-staff-in-mental-health-services-across-seventeen-european-countries
#16
Seamus Cowman, Anna Björkdahl, Eric Clarke, Georgina Gethin, Jim Maguire
BACKGROUND: In mental health services what is commonplace across international frontiers is that to prevent aggressive patients from harming themselves, other patients or staff, coercive measures and foremost, violence management strategies are required. There is no agreement, recommendations or direction from the EU on which measures of coercion should be practiced across EU countries, and there is no overall one best practice approach. METHODS: The project was conceived through an expert group, the European Violence in Psychiatry Research Group (EViPRG)...
January 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073643/corrigendum-to-intracortical-inhibition-abnormality-during-the-remission-phase-of-multiple-sclerosis-is-related-to-upper-limb-dexterity-and-lesions-clin-neurophysiol-127-2016-1503-1511
#17
Julia C Nantes, Jidan Zhong, Scott A Holmes, Benjamin Whatley, Sridar Narayanan, Yves Lapierre, Douglas L Arnold, Lisa Koski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073605/comprehensive-association-analysis-of-27-genes-from-the-gabaergic-system-in-japanese-individuals-affected-with-schizophrenia
#18
Shabeesh Balan, Kazuo Yamada, Yoshimi Iwayama, Takanori Hashimoto, Tomoko Toyota, Chie Shimamoto, Motoko Maekawa, Shu Takagai, Tomoyasu Wakuda, Yosuke Kameno, Daisuke Kurita, Kohei Yamada, Mitsuru Kikuchi, Tasuku Hashimoto, Nobuhisa Kanahara, Takeo Yoshikawa
Involvement of the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-ergic system in schizophrenia pathogenesis through disrupted neurodevelopment has been highlighted in numerous studies. However, the function of common genetic variants of this system in determining schizophrenia risk is unknown. We therefore tested the association of 375 tagged SNPs in genes derived from the GABAergic system, such as GABAA receptor subunit genes, and GABA related genes (glutamate decarboxylase genes, GABAergic-marker gene, genes involved in GABA receptor trafficking and scaffolding) in Japanese schizophrenia case-control samples (n=2926; 1415 cases and 1511 controls)...
January 7, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060926/comparison-of-tst-and-igra-in-diagnosis-of-latent-tuberculosis-infection-in-a-high-tb-burden-setting
#19
Surendra K Sharma, Richa Vashishtha, L S Chauhan, V Sreenivas, Divya Seth
BACKGROUND: There are currently two tests for diagnosing latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI); TST and IGRA. However, it is still unclear that which one of these tests performs better in high TB-burden settings. METHODS: 1511 household contacts of pulmonary TB patients were enrolled to compare the performance of TST and IGRA for LTBI. At baseline all participant underwent testing for IGRA [QuantiFERON-TB® Gold In-tube (QFT-GIT) assay] and TST [2 tuberculin unit (TU), purified protein derivative (PPD), RT23, Staten Serum Institute (SSI), Copenhagen, Denmark]...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003435/genetic-compendium-of-1511-human-brains-available-through-the-uk-medical-research-council-brain-banks-network-resource
#20
Michael J Keogh, Wei Wei, Ian Wilson, Jon Coxhead, Sarah Ryan, Sara Rollinson, Helen Griffin, Marzena Kurzawa-Akanbi, Mauro Santibanez-Koref, Kevin Talbot, Martin R Turner, Chris-Anne McKenzie, Claire Troakes, Johannes Attems, Colin Smith, Safa Al Sarraj, Chris M Morris, Olaf Ansorge, Stuart Pickering-Brown, James W Ironside, Patrick F Chinnery
Given the central role of genetic factors in the pathogenesis of common neurodegenerative disorders, it is critical that mechanistic studies in human tissue are interpreted in a genetically enlightened context. To address this, we performed exome sequencing and copy number variant analysis on 1511 frozen human brains with a diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD, n = 289), frontotemporal dementia/amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (FTD/ALS, n = 252), Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD, n = 239), Parkinson's disease (PD, n = 39), dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB, n = 58), other neurodegenerative, vascular, or neurogenetic disorders (n = 266), and controls with no significant neuropathology (n = 368)...
January 2017: Genome Research
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