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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768662/immersion-in-water-during-labour-and-birth
#1
REVIEW
Elizabeth R Cluett, Ethel Burns, Anna Cuthbert
BACKGROUND: Water immersion during labour and birth is increasingly popular and is becoming widely accepted across many countries, and particularly in midwifery-led care settings. However, there are concerns around neonatal water inhalation, increased requirement for admission to neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), maternal and/or neonatal infection, and obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS). This is an update of a review last published in 2011. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of water immersion during labour and/or birth (first, second and third stage of labour) on women and their infants...
May 16, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765817/solid-state-fermentation-of-oil-palm-frond-petiole-for-lignin-peroxidase-and-xylanase-rich-cocktail-production
#2
Mohamed Roslan Mohamad Ikubar, Musaalbakri Abdul Manan, Madihah Md Salleh, Adibah Yahya
In current practice, oil palm frond leaflets and stems are re-used for soil nutrient recycling, while the petioles are typically burned. Frond petioles have high commercialization value, attributed to high lignocellulose fiber content and abundant of juice containing free reducing sugars. Pressed petiole fiber is the subject of interest in this study for the production of lignocellulolytic enzyme. The initial characterization showed the combination of 0.125 mm frond particle size and 60% moisture content provided a surface area of 42...
May 2018: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740916/real-world-management-of-pregestational-diabetes-not-achieving-glycemic-control-for-many-patients-in-the-uk
#3
Lucia Cea-Soriano, Luis A García-Rodríguez, Kimberly G Brodovicz, Elvira Gonzalez-Masso, Dorothee B Bartels, Sonia Hernández-Díaz
PURPOSE: Our goal was to describe the management of pregestational diabetes in pregnant women in the United Kingdom. METHODS: We used electronic medical records from The Health Improvement Network database between January 1995 and June 2012 to identify the first pregnancy in women 15 to 45 years of age with pregestational diabetes type 1 or type 2. Information on lifestyle factors, demographic characteristics, prescription of specific antidiabetic medications, and glycemic control measures (HbA1c) was obtained from primary care provider records...
May 8, 2018: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710177/economics-of-palliative-care-for-hospitalized-adults-with-serious-illness-a-meta-analysis
#4
Peter May, Charles Normand, J Brian Cassel, Egidio Del Fabbro, Robert L Fine, Reagan Menz, Corey A Morrison, Joan D Penrod, Chessie Robinson, R Sean Morrison
Importance: Economics of care for adults with serious illness is a policy priority worldwide. Palliative care may lower costs for hospitalized adults, but the evidence has important limitations. Objective: To estimate the association of palliative care consultation (PCC) with direct hospital costs for adults with serious illness. Data Sources: Systematic searches of the Embase, PsycINFO, CENTRAL, PubMed, CINAHL, and EconLit databases were performed for English-language journal articles using keywords in the domains of palliative care (eg, palliative, terminal) and economics (eg, cost, utilization), with limiters for hospital and consultation...
April 30, 2018: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588922/clinical-signs-of-trachoma-are-prevalent-among-solomon-islanders-who-have-no-persistent-markers-of-prior-infection-with-chlamydia-trachomatis
#5
Robert Butcher, Oliver Sokana, Kelvin Jack, Leslie Sui, Charles Russell, Anna Last, Diana L Martin, Matthew J Burton, Anthony W Solomon, David C W Mabey, Chrissy H Roberts
Background: The low population-prevalence of trachomatous trichiasis and high prevalence of trachomatous inflammation-follicular (TF) provide contradictory estimates of the magnitude of the public health threat from trachoma in the Solomon Islands. Improved characterisation of the biology of trachoma in the region may support policy makers as they decide what interventions are required. Here, age-specific profiles of anti-Pgp3 antibodies and conjunctival scarring were examined to determine whether there is evidence of ongoing transmission and pathology from ocular Chlamydia trachomatis (Ct) infection...
2018: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569543/effect-of-nutritional-supplement-on-bone-marrow-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-from-aplastic-anaemia
#6
Shihua Luo, Yinghai Chen, Lifen Zhao, Xia Qi, Xiaoyan Miao, Huimin Zhou, Li Jia
Aplastic anaemia (AA) is characterised by pancytopenia resulting from a marked reduction in haemopoietic stem cells (HSC). The regulation of haemopoiesis depends on the interaction between HSC and various cells of the bone marrow (BM) microenvironment, including BM-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (BMSC). The purpose of this study was to analyse the biological effect of nutritional supplement (NS), a dietary supplement consisting of thirty-six compounds: amino acids, nucleotides, vitamins and micronutrients on the BMSC of AA rats...
April 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527456/optimization-of-hydrolysis-conditions-for-the-mannooligosaccharides-copra-meal-hydrolysate-production
#7
Jurairat Rungruangsaphakun, Suttipun Keawsompong
Copra meal is a good source of galactomannan and it s mannooligosaccharides have prebiotic properties. However, limited data are available concerning the ideal requirements for mannan hydrolysis. Thus, optimum hydrolysis conditions for the production of oligosaccharides from copra meal hydrolysate were investigated using response surface methodology. Model validation provided good agreement between experimental results and predicted responses. Maximum oligosaccharide of 14.41 ± 0.09 mg/ml (20 ml) was obtained at an enzyme concentration of 16...
March 2018: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527125/tmd-splitting-functions-in-formula-see-text-factorization-the-real-contribution-to-the-gluon-to-gluon-splitting
#8
M Hentschinski, A Kusina, K Kutak, M Serino
We calculate the transverse momentum dependent gluon-to-gluon splitting function within [Formula: see text]-factorization, generalizing the framework employed in the calculation of the quark splitting functions in Hautmann et al. (Nucl Phys B 865:54-66, arXiv:1205.1759, 2012), Gituliar et al. (JHEP 01:181, arXiv:1511.08439, 2016), Hentschinski et al. (Phys Rev D 94(11):114013, arXiv:1607.01507, 2016) and demonstrate at the same time the consistency of the extended formalism with previous results. While existing versions of [Formula: see text] factorized evolution equations contain already a gluon-to-gluon splitting function i...
2018: European Physical Journal. C, Particles and Fields
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525897/unmet-supportive-care-needs-of-haematological-cancer-survivors-rural-versus-urban-residents
#9
Flora Tzelepis, Christine L Paul, Robert W Sanson-Fisher, H Sharon Campbell, Kenneth Bradstock, Mariko L Carey, Anna Williamson
Due to fewer cancer services in rural locations, rural survivors may have unique unmet needs compared to urban survivors. This study compared among rural and urban haematological cancer survivors the most common "high/very high" unmet supportive care needs and the unmet need scores for five domains (information, financial concerns, access and continuity of care, relationships and emotional health). Survivors' socio-demographics, rurality, cancer history and psychological factors associated with each unmet need domain were also explored...
March 10, 2018: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524878/risk-of-breast-cancer-and-residential-proximity-to-industrial-installations-new-findings-from-a-multicase-control-study-mcc-spain
#10
Javier García-Pérez, Virginia Lope, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Antonio José Molina, Adonina Tardón, María Angustias Díaz Santos, Eva Ardanaz, Cristina O'Callaghan-Gordo, Jone M Altzibar, Inés Gómez-Acebo, Víctor Moreno, Rosana Peiró, Rafael Marcos-Gragera, Manolis Kogevinas, Nuria Aragonés, Gonzalo López-Abente, Marina Pollán
Breast cancer is the most frequent tumor in women worldwide, although well-established risk factors account for 53%-55% of cases. Therefore, other risk factors, including environmental exposures, may explain the remaining variation. Our objective was to assess the relationship between risk of breast cancer and residential proximity to industries, according to categories of industrial groups and specific pollutants released, in the context of a population-based multicase-control study of incident cancer carried out in Spain (MCC-Spain)...
June 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29508230/cancer-awareness-and-behavioral-determinants-associated-with-cancer-prevention-a-quantitative-study-among-young-adults-in-rural-settings
#11
Lei Xu, Mary Odum
Although college is a crucial time to establish healthy behaviors for cancer prevention, little is known about cancer awareness and behaviors among US college students in less economically developed, rural areas. The purpose of this study was to examine college students' cancer-preventative knowledge and health behaviors. This cross-sectional study was conducted at a large southeastern university in the USA, on a convenience sample of students attending a campus-wide health education class. Data were collected during April and May 2017...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443762/incidence-and-risk-factors-for-surgical-site-infection-after-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-of-ankle-fracture-a-retrospective-multicenter-study
#12
MULTICENTER STUDY
Yaning Sun, Huijuan Wang, Yuchao Tang, Haitao Zhao, Shiji Qin, Lihui Xu, Zhiyong Xia, Fengqi Zhang
Information on surgical site infection (SSI) after surgical treatment of ankle fracture is limited and remains controversial. The purpose of the present study was to determine the incidence and risk factors for SSI after open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of ankle fracture. Patients who underwent ORIF for ankle fracture at 3 centers between January 2015 and December 2016 were included. The potential risk factors for SSI included demographic variables, including age, sex, body mass index (BMI), hypertension, diabetes mellitus, heart disease, smoking, and excessive alcohol intake; blood test variables including preoperative white blood cell count, neutrophil count, red blood cell count, hemoglobin, total protein, albumin and globulin; injury- and surgery-related variables, including duration of operation (minutes), intraoperative blood loss, surgeon level, fracture site, accompanied dislocation, use of a drainage tube, and antibiotic use...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402117/-renaissance-medicine-and-the-discovery-of-the-lesser-circulation-the-role-of-michael-servetus-1511-1553
#13
REVIEW
Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Alessandro Raffi, Anna Siri, Cristina Tornali, Mariano Martini
Human urine is currently the subject of biomedical investigations as a potential therapeutic resource and it continues to be used in remedies in different cultures and societies, including the Spanish culture. In this study we gather etnomedical knowledge about urotherapy and determine their associated symbolisms in Spain. A literature overview and a case study were carried out to compile urine-based remedies and as a direct analysis of symbolic systems. Urotherapy is widespread in Spanish folk medicine. Among the 204 collected remedies, those related to treatment of diseases or skin conditions predominate (63%)...
December 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337880/the-sodium-and-potassium-content-of-the-most-commonly-available-street-foods-in-tajikistan-and-kyrgyzstan-in-the-context-of-the-feedcities-project
#14
Inês Lança de Morais, Nuno Lunet, Gabriela Albuquerque, Marcello Gelormini, Susana Casal, Albertino Damasceno, Olívia Pinho, Pedro Moreira, Jo Jewell, João Breda, Patrícia Padrão
This cross-sectional study is aimed at assessing sodium (Na) and potassium (K) content and the molar Na:K ratios of the most commonly available ready-to-eat street foods in Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. Four different samples of each of these foods were collected and 62 food categories were evaluated through bromatological analysis. Flame photometry was used to quantify sodium and potassium concentrations. The results show that home-made foods can be important sources of sodium. In particular, main dishes and sandwiches, respectively, contain more than 1400 and nearly 1000 mg Na in an average serving and provide approximately 70% and 50% of the maximum daily recommended values...
January 16, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329628/spirocerca-lupi-induced-oesophageal-neoplasia-predictors-of-surgical-outcome
#15
MULTICENTER STUDY
Paolo Pazzi, Anastasia Kavkovsky, Anna Shipov, Gilad Segev, Eran Dvir
Canine spirocercosis is caused by the nematode Spirocerca lupi. Migration results in oesophageal fibro-inflammatory nodules that may undergo neoplastic transformation. No studies have assessed pre- or post-surgical prognostic indicators in dogs that undergo intervention for S. lupi induced oesophageal neoplasia. This observational, multi-center study aimed to assess the outcome of dogs with Spirocerca induced sarcoma undergoing endoscopic-guided ablation (n = 12) or surgery (n = 18), and identify prognostic indicators...
January 30, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315813/liver-transplantation-vs-liver-resection-in-patients-with-hbv-related-hepatocellular-carcinoma-beyond-milan-criterion-a-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Wei Li, Long Li, Jun Han, Hong Wu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to conduct a meta-analysis of published reports to compare long-term outcomes after liver transplantation (LT) and liver resection (LR), respectively, in patients with HBV-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) beyond the Milan criterion. METHODS: A systematic search of the Embase, Medline, PubMed databases, and the Cochrane Library was performed using both medical subject headings (MeSH) and truncated word searches to identify all comparative studies published on this topic...
March 2018: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310417/interleukin-10-gene-rs1800896-polymorphism-increases-risk-of-acute-pancreatitis
#17
Hongmei Zhou, Ailing Liu, Bingzhi Zhou, Cunxin Zhao, Guangjun Jin
BACKGROUND: The association between interleukin-10 (IL-10) gene rs1800896 polymorphism and susceptibility to acute pancreatitis (AP) has been investigated in several studies, but with contradictory findings. Therefore, a comprehensive meta-analysis is needed to assess the strength of such association. METHODS: Literatures on PubMed, EMBASE, and CNKI were searched to identify relevant studies. The strength of association between IL-10 gene rs1800896 polymorphism and AP risk was assessed using pooled odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303682/the-organised-chaos-of-english-adolescent-rugby-union-influence-of-weekly-match-frequency-on-the-variability-of-match-and-training-loads
#18
Padraic J Phibbs, Ben Jones, Gregory Roe, Dale Read, Joshua Darrall-Jones, Jonathon Weakley, Andrew Rock, Kevin Till
The aims of this study were to determine the variability of weekly match and training loads in adolescent rugby union players across a competitive season, and to investigate the effect of match frequency on load distribution across different activities. Internal match and training load data (i.e. session-rating of perceived exertion (sRPE)) were collected daily from 20 players from a regional academy across a 14-week season. Data were analysed using a mixed-effects linear model, and variability was reported as a coefficient of variation (CV)...
April 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290359/nutritional-support-contributes-to-recuperation-in-a-rat-model-of-aplastic-anemia-by-enhancing-mitochondrial-function
#19
Guang Yang, Lifen Zhao, Bing Liu, Yujia Shan, Yang Li, Huimin Zhou, Li Jia
OBJECTIVES: Acquired aplastic anemia (AA) is a hematopoietic stem cell disease that leads to hematopoietic disorder and peripheral blood pancytopenia. We investigated whether nutritional support is helpful to AA recovery. METHODS: We established a rat model with AA. A nutrient mixture was administered to rats with AA through different dose gavage once per day for 55 d. Animals in this study were assigned to one of five groups: normal control (NC; group includes normal rats); AA (rats with AA); high dose (AA + nutritional mixture, 2266...
February 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202727/atrial-fibrillation-is-not-uncommon-among-patients-with-ischemic-stroke-and-transient-ischemic-stroke-in-china
#20
Xiaomeng Yang, Shuya Li, Xingquan Zhao, Liping Liu, Yong Jiang, Zixiao Li, Yilong Wang, Yongjun Wang
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is reported to be a less frequent cause of ischemic stroke in China than in Europe and North America, but it is not clear whether this is due to underestimation. Our aim was to define the true frequency of AF-associated stroke, to determine the yield of 6-day Holter ECG to detect AF in Chinese stroke patients, and to elucidate predictors of newly detected AF. METHODS: Patients with acute ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) were enrolled in a prospective, multicenter cohort study of 6-day Holter monitoring within 7 days after stroke onset at 20 sites in China between 2013 and 2015...
December 4, 2017: BMC Neurology
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