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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337880/the-sodium-and-potassium-content-of-the-most-commonly-available-street-foods-in-tajikistan-and-kyrgyzstan-in-the-context-of-the-feedcities-project
#1
Inês Lança de Morais, Nuno Lunet, Gabriela Albuquerque, Marcello Gelormini, Susana Casal, Albertino Damasceno, Olívia Pinho, Pedro Moreira, Jo Jewell, João Breda, Patrícia Padrão
This cross-sectional study is aimed at assessing sodium (Na) and potassium (K) content and the molar Na:K ratios of the most commonly available ready-to-eat street foods in Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. Four different samples of each of these foods were collected and 62 food categories were evaluated through bromatological analysis. Flame photometry was used to quantify sodium and potassium concentrations. The results show that home-made foods can be important sources of sodium. In particular, main dishes and sandwiches, respectively, contain more than 1400 and nearly 1000 mg Na in an average serving and provide approximately 70% and 50% of the maximum daily recommended values...
January 16, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329628/spirocerca-lupi-induced-oesophageal-neoplasia-predictors-of-surgical-outcome
#2
Paolo Pazzi, Anastasia Kavkovsky, Anna Shipov, Gilad Segev, Eran Dvir
Canine spirocercosis is caused by the nematode Spirocerca lupi. Migration results in oesophageal fibro-inflammatory nodules that may undergo neoplastic transformation. No studies have assessed pre- or post-surgical prognostic indicators in dogs that undergo intervention for S. lupi induced oesophageal neoplasia. This observational, multi-center study aimed to assess the outcome of dogs with Spirocerca induced sarcoma undergoing endoscopic-guided ablation (n = 12) or surgery (n = 18), and identify prognostic indicators...
January 30, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315813/liver-transplantation-vs-liver-resection-in-patients-with-hbv-related-hepatocellular-carcinoma-beyond-milan-criterion-a-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Wei Li, Long Li, Jun Han, Hong Wu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study was to conduct a meta-analysis of published reports to compare long-term outcomes after liver transplantation (LT) and liver resection (LR), respectively, in patients with HBV-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) beyond the Milan criterion. METHODS: A systematic search of the Embase, Medline, PubMed databases and the Cochrane Library was performed using both medical subject headings (MeSH) and truncated word searches to identify all comparative studies published on this topic...
January 8, 2018: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310417/interleukin-10-gene-rs1800896-polymorphism-increases-risk-of-acute-pancreatitis
#4
Hongmei Zhou, Ailing Liu, Bingzhi Zhou, Cunxin Zhao, Guangjun Jin
BACKGROUND: The association between interleukin-10 (IL-10) gene rs1800896 polymorphism and susceptibility to acute pancreatitis (AP) has been investigated in several studies, but with contradictory findings. Therefore, a comprehensive meta-analysis is needed to assess the strength of such association. METHODS: Literatures on PubMed, EMBASE, and CNKI were searched to identify relevant studies. The strength of association between IL-10 gene rs1800896 polymorphism and AP risk was assessed using pooled odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303682/the-organised-chaos-of-english-adolescent-rugby-union-influence-of-weekly-match-frequency-on-the-variability-of-match-and-training-loads
#5
Padraic J Phibbs, Ben Jones, Gregory Roe, Dale Read, Joshua Darrall-Jones, Jonathon Weakley, Andrew Rock, Kevin Till
The aims of this study were to determine the variability of weekly match and training loads in adolescent rugby union players across a competitive season, and to investigate the effect of match frequency on load distribution across different activities. Internal match and training load data (i.e. session-rating of perceived exertion (sRPE)) were collected daily from 20 players from a regional academy across a 14-week season. Data were analysed using a mixed-effects linear model, and variability was reported as a coefficient of variation (CV)...
January 5, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290359/nutritional-support-contributes-to-recuperation-in-a-rat-model-of-aplastic-anemia-by-enhancing-mitochondrial-function
#6
Guang Yang, Lifen Zhao, Bing Liu, Yujia Shan, Yang Li, Huimin Zhou, Li Jia
OBJECTIVES: Acquired aplastic anemia (AA) is a hematopoietic stem cell disease that leads to hematopoietic disorder and peripheral blood pancytopenia. We investigated whether nutritional support is helpful to AA recovery. METHODS: We established a rat model with AA. A nutrient mixture was administered to rats with AA through different dose gavage once per day for 55 d. Animals in this study were assigned to one of five groups: normal control (NC; group includes normal rats); AA (rats with AA); high dose (AA + nutritional mixture, 2266...
February 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202727/atrial-fibrillation-is-not-uncommon-among-patients-with-ischemic-stroke-and-transient-ischemic-stroke-in-china
#7
Xiaomeng Yang, Shuya Li, Xingquan Zhao, Liping Liu, Yong Jiang, Zixiao Li, Yilong Wang, Yongjun Wang
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is reported to be a less frequent cause of ischemic stroke in China than in Europe and North America, but it is not clear whether this is due to underestimation. Our aim was to define the true frequency of AF-associated stroke, to determine the yield of 6-day Holter ECG to detect AF in Chinese stroke patients, and to elucidate predictors of newly detected AF. METHODS: Patients with acute ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) were enrolled in a prospective, multicenter cohort study of 6-day Holter monitoring within 7 days after stroke onset at 20 sites in China between 2013 and 2015...
December 4, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184155/isolation-and-molecular-characterization-of-prevalent-fowl-adenovirus-strains-in-southwestern-china-during-2015-2016-for-the-development-of-a-control-strategy
#8
Jing Xia, Ke-Chang Yao, Yue-Yue Liu, Guo-Jin You, Su-Yun Li, Ping Liu, Qin Zhao, Yi-Ping Wen Rui Wu, Xiao-Bo Huang, San-Jie Cao, Xin-Feng Han, Yong Huang
Fowl adenovirus (FAdV) has caused significant losses in chicken flocks throughout China in recent years. However, the current understanding of the genetic and pathogenic characteristics of the FAdV epidemic in southwestern China remains poorly understood. In this study, a total of 22 strains were isolated from liver samples of diseased chickens from farms in southwestern China. Phylogenetic analysis based on the hexon loop-1 gene showed that the 22 isolates were clustered into four distinct serotypes: FAdV serotype 4 (FAdV-4) (86...
November 29, 2017: Emerging Microbes & Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157198/independent-impacts-of-aging-on-mitochondrial-dna-quantity-and-quality-in-humans
#9
Ruoyu Zhang, Yiqin Wang, Kaixiong Ye, Martin Picard, Zhenglong Gu
BACKGROUND: The accumulation of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations, and the reduction of mtDNA copy number, both disrupt mitochondrial energetics, and may contribute to aging and age-associated phenotypes. However, there are few genetic and epidemiological studies on the spectra of blood mtDNA heteroplasmies, and the distribution of mtDNA copy numbers in different age groups and their impact on age-related phenotypes. In this work, we used whole-genome sequencing data of isolated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from the UK10K project to investigate in parallel mtDNA heteroplasmy and copy number in 1511 women, between 17 and 85 years old, recruited in the TwinsUK cohorts...
November 21, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104033/oral-and-maxillofacial-manifestations-of-chronic-kidney-disease-mineral-and-bone-disorder-a-multicenter-retrospective-study
#10
Flávia Sirotheau Corrêa Pontes, Márcio Ajudarte Lopes, Lucas Lacerda de Souza, Diogo Dos Santos da Mata Rezende, Alan Roger Santos-Silva, Jacks Jorge, Wagner Gomes da Silva, Fábio Ramôa Pires, André Caroli Rocha, Wladimir Gushiken de Campos, Milena Coelho Fernandes Caldato, Regina Matsunaga Martin, Felipe Paiva Fonseca, Hélder Antônio Rebelo Pontes
OBJECTIVE: To describe the oral and maxillofacial manifestations of patients diagnosed with chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorders. STUDY DESIGN: Over a 13-year period, clinicopathologic data of patients diagnosed with CKD-MBD who had oral and maxillofacial alterations were retrieved from the files of 4 Brazilian institutions. Data included clinical, radiographic, microscopic, and biochemical findings; treatment employed; and follow-up status. RESULTS: Twenty-one cases were identified, with 13 patients diagnosed as brown tumor of hyperparathyroidism (BTH) and 8 as osteitis fibrosa/renal osteodystrophy (OF/RO) (4 of them clinically consistent with Sagliker syndrome)...
January 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091338/analysis-of-family-wise-error-rates-in-statistical-parametric-mapping-using-random-field-theory
#11
Guillaume Flandin, Karl J Friston
This technical report revisits the analysis of family-wise error rates in statistical parametric mapping-using random field theory-reported in (Eklund et al. []: arXiv 1511.01863). Contrary to the understandable spin that these sorts of analyses attract, a review of their results suggests that they endorse the use of parametric assumptions-and random field theory-in the analysis of functional neuroimaging data. We briefly rehearse the advantages parametric analyses offer over nonparametric alternatives and then unpack the implications of (Eklund et al...
November 1, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974682/taking-the-pulse-of-mars-via-dating-of-a-plume-fed-volcano
#12
Benjamin E Cohen, Darren F Mark, William S Cassata, Martin R Lee, Tim Tomkinson, Caroline L Smith
Mars hosts the solar system's largest volcanoes. Although their size and impact crater density indicate continued activity over billions of years, their formation rates are poorly understood. Here we quantify the growth rate of a Martian volcano by (40)Ar/(39)Ar and cosmogenic exposure dating of six nakhlites, meteorites that were ejected from Mars by a single impact event at 10.7 ± 0.8 Ma (2σ). We find that the nakhlites sample a layered volcanic sequence with at least four discrete eruptive events spanning 93 ± 12 Ma (1416 ± 7 Ma to 1322 ± 10 Ma (2σ))...
October 3, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954922/incorporating-stroke-severity-into-hospital-measures-of-30-day-mortality-after-ischemic-stroke-hospitalization
#13
Jennifer Schwartz, Yongfei Wang, Li Qin, Lee H Schwamm, Gregg C Fonarow, Nicole Cormier, Karen Dorsey, Robert L McNamara, Lisa G Suter, Harlan M Krumholz, Susannah M Bernheim
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services publicly reports a hospital-level stroke mortality measure that lacks stroke severity risk adjustment. Our objective was to describe novel measures of stroke mortality suitable for public reporting that incorporate stroke severity into risk adjustment. METHODS: We linked data from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association Get With The Guidelines-Stroke registry with Medicare fee-for-service claims data to develop the measures...
November 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952623/relativistic-effects-at-the-cu2o2-core-a-density-functional-theory-study
#14
Matthias Witte, Sonja Herres-Pawlis
This work presents for the first time the impact of relativistic effects on the Cu2O2 peroxide dicopper(ii)-bis(μ-oxo) dicopper (iii) equilibrium bonding motif in existing tyrosinase model complexes [Cu2(btmgp)2(μ-O)2](2+) and [Cu2{HC(tBuPz)2Py}2(O2)](2+) [S. Herres et al., Inorg. Chim. Acta, 2005, 358, 1089; S. Herres-Pawlis et al., Eur. J. Inorg. Chem., 2005, 3815; A. Hoffmann et al., Angew. Chem., Int. Ed., 2013, 52, 5398]. We use density functional theory (TPSSh/cc-pVTZ+D3BJ) with various relativistic approaches (ECPs, DKH, ZORA) to tackle the question of impact and find, as already known for small model complexes in the literature, that the O core is more stabilized with respect to the P core by the relativistic influence [D...
October 11, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920722/-comparative-evaluation-of-vertigo-in-patients-after-stapedotomy-and-stapedectomy
#15
Kinga Harmat, Gergely Thurén, László Simon, Nelli Nepp, Adrienn Németh, Imre Gerlinger, Péter Bakó
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: The reason of gradually developing conductive hearing loss in otosclerotic patients is the ossification of the stapes footplate to the surrounding bony structures and the therapy of stapes fixation is mainly surgical. In stapedotomy the footplate of the stapes is fenestrated with laser and microdrill in a diameter of 0.8 mm, whereas in stapedectomy there is complete removal of the footplate followed by the reconstruction of the ossicular chain. In the early postoperative period, temporary vertigo is frequently recorded which significantly influences the recovery...
September 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895733/evidence-for-a-double-well-in-the-first-triplet-excited-state-of-2-thiouracil
#16
Daisuke Koyama, Matthew J Milner, Andrew J Orr-Ewing
The computationally predicted presence of two structurally distinct minima in the first triplet excited (T1) state of 2-thiouracil (2TU) is substantiated by sub-picosecond transient vibrational absorption spectroscopy (TVAS) in deuterated acetonitrile solution. Following 300 nm ultraviolet excitation to the second singlet excited state of 2TU, a transient infrared absorption band centered at 1643 cm(-1) is observed within our minimum time resolution of 0.3 ps. It is assigned either to 2TU molecules in the S1 state or to vibrationally hot T1-state molecules, with the latter assignment more consistent with recent computational and experimental studies...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864999/early-depiction-of-a-parotid-tumour-in-the-school-of-athens-1509-1511-by-raphael-1483-1520
#17
REVIEW
Hutan Ashrafian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Head and Neck Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837030/the-adverse-effect-of-overweight-in-assisted-reproduction-treatment-outcomes
#18
Antonella Valeria Sampo, Celina Palena, Luciano Ganzer, Virginia Maccari, Gustavo Estofán, Mariana Hernández
OBJECTIVE: To assess Body Mass Index (BMI) effects on the results obtained from ICSI cycles. METHODS: We studied 266 ICSI cycles performed between January 2014 and December 2016. The patients were grouped according to their BMI in: Normal (18.5-24.9), Overweight (25.0-29.9) and Obese (>30). We compared the following variables between the groups: number of antral follicles, ovarian stimulation length, gonadotropin dose used, maximum estradiol level, follicles developed/antral follicles, retrieved oocytes/developed follicles and mature/retrieved oocytes, normal fertilization rate, embryo achieved/normal fertilized oocytes, clinical pregnancy and implantation rates...
September 1, 2017: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821958/midlife-work-related-stress-is-associated-with-late-life-cognition
#19
Shireen Sindi, Ingemar Kåreholt, Alina Solomon, Babak Hooshmand, Hilkka Soininen, Miia Kivipelto
To investigate the associations between midlife work-related stress and late-life cognition in individuals without dementia from the general population. The Cardiovascular Risk Factors, Aging and Dementia (CAIDE) study population (n = 2000) was randomly selected from independent Finnish population-based surveys (baseline mean age 50 years). Participants underwent two re-examinations in late life (mean age 71 and 78 years, respectively). 1511 subjects participated in at least one re-examination (mean total follow-up 25 years)...
September 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776548/correlation-between-cholinergic-innervation-autophagy-and-etiopathology-of-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia
#20
Jian-Liang Cai, Wei-Min Yao, Yan-Qun Na
BACKGROUND: Whether cholinergic innervations and/or autophagy have a role in the etiopathology of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is still unknown. This study aimed to investigate the role of cholinergic innervation and autophagy in the etiopathology of BPH. METHODS: Male, 13-week-old spontaneous hypertension rats (spontaneous BPH animal model) were divided into three groups: an experimental group (EG, n = 24), a control group (CG, n = 24), and a normal control group (NC, n = 10)...
August 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
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