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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460631/association-between-pulmonary-function-and-renal-function-findings-from-china-and-australia
#1
Dahai Yu, Tao Chen, Yamei Cai, Zhanzheng Zhao, David Simmons
BACKGROUND: The relationship between obstructive lung function and impaired renal function is unclear. This study investigated the dose-response relationship between obstructive lung function and impaired renal function. METHODS: Two independent cross-sectional studies with representative sampling were applied. 1454 adults from rural Victoria, Australia (1298 with normal renal function, 156 with impaired renal function) and 5824 adults from Nanjing, China (4313 with normal renal function, 1511 with impaired renal function)...
May 1, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436548/an-open-source-framework-for-analyzing-n-electron-dynamics-i-multideterminantal-wave-functions
#2
Vincent Pohl, Gunter Hermann, Jean Christophe Tremblay
The aim of the present contribution is to provide a framework for analyzing and visualizing the correlated many-electron dynamics of molecular systems, where an explicitly time-dependent electronic wave packet is represented as a linear combination of N-electron wave functions. The central quantity of interest is the electronic flux density, which contains all information about the transient electronic density, the associated phase, and their temporal evolution. It is computed from the associated one-electron operator by reducing the multideterminantal, many-electron wave packet using the Slater-Condon rules...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Computational Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436032/application-of-maldi-tof-ms-for-estimating-the-postmortem-interval-in-rat-muscle-samples
#3
Chengzhi Li, Dong Ma, Kaifei Deng, Yijiu Chen, Ping Huang, Zhenyuan Wang
Estimating the postmortem interval (PMI) is very important in the forensic sciences. Although many approaches have been used for estimating the PMI, accurate PMI calculations are still difficult. In this study, four Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were sacrificed by suffocation, and muscle samples were collected by dissection at various time intervals (0, 48, 96, and 144 h) after death. All samples were probed using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOFMS) to obtain molecular images and data for principal component analysis (PCA)...
April 23, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408121/effectiveness-of-live-attenuated-influenza-vaccine-and-inactivated-influenza-vaccine-in-children-during-the-2014-2015-season
#4
Huong Q McLean, Herve Caspard, Marie R Griffin, Katherine A Poehling, Manjusha Gaglani, Edward A Belongia, H Keipp Talbot, Timothy R Peters, Kempapura Murthy, Christopher S Ambrose
BACKGROUND: A clinical study found that live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) was superior to inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV) against drifted A(H3N2) viruses in children. During the 2014-2015 influenza season, widespread circulation of antigenically and genetically drifted A(H3N2) viruses provided an opportunity to evaluate subtype-specific vaccine effectiveness (VE) of quadrivalent LAIV (LAIV4) and IIV in children. METHODS: Children (2-17years) with febrile acute respiratory illness <5days' duration were enrolled at 4 outpatient sites in the United States during the 2014-2015 influenza season...
May 9, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392541/analysis-of-strain-specific-genes-in-glutamic-acid-producing-corynebacterium-glutamicum-ssp-lactofermentum-aj-1511
#5
Yousuke Nishio, Chie Koseki, Naoto Tonouchi, Kazuhiko Matsui, Shinichi Sugimoto, Yoshihiro Usuda
Strains of the bacterium, Corynebacterium glutamicum, are widely used for the industrial production of L-glutamic acid and various other substances. C. glutamicum ssp. lactofermentum AJ 1511, formerly classified as Brevibacterium lactofermentum, and the closely related C. glutamicum ATCC 13032 have been used as industrial strains for more than 50 years. We determined the whole genome sequence of C. glutamicum AJ 1511 and performed genome-wide comparative analysis with C. glutamicum ATCC 13032 to determine strain-specific genetic differences...
April 7, 2017: Journal of General and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368940/determination-of-perioperative-blood-loss-accuracy-or-approximation
#6
A Lopez-Picado, A Albinarrate, Borja Barrachina
BACKGROUND: Various different interventions can be used to reduce surgical blood loss; however, there is no "gold standard" for accurately measuring the volume of perioperative blood loss, and this makes it difficult to assess the efficacy of these interventions. METHODS: We used data from a previous multicenter double-blind randomized clinical trial in patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty in which we compared 2 regimens for administering tranexamic acid versus placebo...
March 31, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318134/long-term-clinical-outcomes-of-successful-revascularization-with-drug-eluting-stents-for-chronic-total-occlusions-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Lei Gao, Yabin Wang, Yuqi Liu, Feng Cao, Yundai Chen
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using drug-eluting stents (DESs) have beneficial effects on long-term outcomes in patients with chronic total occlusions (CTOs) compared with failed PCIs for CTOs. BACKGROUND: Several observational studies have evaluated the long-term clinical outcomes of successful PCIs using DESs for CTOs. However, the results of these studies were inconsistent and inconclusive. METHODS: We searched five online electronic databases to identify all the publications assessing the long-term outcomes of successful and failed PCIs using DESs for CTOs...
March 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169024/a-sustainable-use-of-ricotta-cheese-whey-for-microbial-biodiesel-production
#8
Eleonora Carota, Silvia Crognale, Alessandro D'Annibale, Anna Maria Gallo, Silvia Rita Stazi, Maurizio Petruccioli
The increasing demand of plant oils for biodiesel production has highlighted the need for alternative strategies based either on non-food crops or agro-industrial wastes that do not compete with food and feed production. In this context, the combined use of wastewater and oleaginous microorganisms could be a valuable production option. Ricotta cheese whey (RCW), one of the major byproducts of the dairy industry, is produced in very high and steadily increasing amounts and, due to its high organic load, its disposal is cost-prohibitive...
April 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112081/inadequate-dietary-intake-of-minerals-prevalence-and-association-with-socio-demographic-and-lifestyle-factors
#9
Cristiane H Sales, Mariane de M Fontanelli, Diva A S Vieira, Dirce M Marchioni, Regina M Fisberg
This cross-sectional, population-based study aimed to estimate the prevalence of dietary mineral inadequacies among residents in urban areas of Sao Paulo, to identify foods contributing to mineral intake and to verify possible associations between socio-demographic and lifestyle factors and mineral intake. Data were obtained from the 2008 Health Survey of Sao Paulo (n 1511; mean age 43·6 (sd 23·2), range 14-97 years). Dietary intake of minerals was measured using two 24-h dietary recalls. Socio-demographic and lifestyle data were collected...
January 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106904/planned-early-delivery-versus-expectant-management-for-hypertensive-disorders-from-34-weeks-gestation-to-term
#10
REVIEW
Catherine Cluver, Natalia Novikova, Corine M Koopmans, Helen M West
BACKGROUND: Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy are significant contributors to maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. These disorders include well-controlled chronic hypertension, gestational hypertension (pregnancy-induced hypertension) and mild pre-eclampsia. The definitive treatment for these disorders is planned early delivery and the alternative is to manage the pregnancy expectantly if severe uncontrolled hypertension is not present, with close maternal and fetal monitoring...
January 15, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103871/a-descriptive-survey-study-of-violence-management-and-priorities-among-psychiatric-staff-in-mental-health-services-across-seventeen-european-countries
#11
Seamus Cowman, Anna Björkdahl, Eric Clarke, Georgina Gethin, Jim Maguire
BACKGROUND: In mental health services what is commonplace across international frontiers is that to prevent aggressive patients from harming themselves, other patients or staff, coercive measures and foremost, violence management strategies are required. There is no agreement, recommendations or direction from the EU on which measures of coercion should be practiced across EU countries, and there is no overall one best practice approach. METHODS: The project was conceived through an expert group, the European Violence in Psychiatry Research Group (EViPRG)...
January 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073643/corrigendum-to-intracortical-inhibition-abnormality-during-the-remission-phase-of-multiple-sclerosis-is-related-to-upper-limb-dexterity-and-lesions-clin-neurophysiol-127-2016-1503-1511
#12
Julia C Nantes, Jidan Zhong, Scott A Holmes, Benjamin Whatley, Sridar Narayanan, Yves Lapierre, Douglas L Arnold, Lisa Koski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073605/comprehensive-association-analysis-of-27-genes-from-the-gabaergic-system-in-japanese-individuals-affected-with-schizophrenia
#13
Shabeesh Balan, Kazuo Yamada, Yoshimi Iwayama, Takanori Hashimoto, Tomoko Toyota, Chie Shimamoto, Motoko Maekawa, Shu Takagai, Tomoyasu Wakuda, Yosuke Kameno, Daisuke Kurita, Kohei Yamada, Mitsuru Kikuchi, Tasuku Hashimoto, Nobuhisa Kanahara, Takeo Yoshikawa
Involvement of the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-ergic system in schizophrenia pathogenesis through disrupted neurodevelopment has been highlighted in numerous studies. However, the function of common genetic variants of this system in determining schizophrenia risk is unknown. We therefore tested the association of 375 tagged SNPs in genes derived from the GABAergic system, such as GABAA receptor subunit genes, and GABA related genes (glutamate decarboxylase genes, GABAergic-marker gene, genes involved in GABA receptor trafficking and scaffolding) in Japanese schizophrenia case-control samples (n=2926; 1415 cases and 1511 controls)...
January 7, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060926/comparison-of-tst-and-igra-in-diagnosis-of-latent-tuberculosis-infection-in-a-high-tb-burden-setting
#14
Surendra K Sharma, Richa Vashishtha, L S Chauhan, V Sreenivas, Divya Seth
BACKGROUND: There are currently two tests for diagnosing latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI); TST and IGRA. However, it is still unclear that which one of these tests performs better in high TB-burden settings. METHODS: 1511 household contacts of pulmonary TB patients were enrolled to compare the performance of TST and IGRA for LTBI. At baseline all participant underwent testing for IGRA [QuantiFERON-TB® Gold In-tube (QFT-GIT) assay] and TST [2 tuberculin unit (TU), purified protein derivative (PPD), RT23, Staten Serum Institute (SSI), Copenhagen, Denmark]...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003435/genetic-compendium-of-1511-human-brains-available-through-the-uk-medical-research-council-brain-banks-network-resource
#15
Michael J Keogh, Wei Wei, Ian Wilson, Jon Coxhead, Sarah Ryan, Sara Rollinson, Helen Griffin, Marzena Kurzawa-Akanbi, Mauro Santibanez-Koref, Kevin Talbot, Martin R Turner, Chris-Anne McKenzie, Claire Troakes, Johannes Attems, Colin Smith, Safa Al Sarraj, Chris M Morris, Olaf Ansorge, Stuart Pickering-Brown, James W Ironside, Patrick F Chinnery
Given the central role of genetic factors in the pathogenesis of common neurodegenerative disorders, it is critical that mechanistic studies in human tissue are interpreted in a genetically enlightened context. To address this, we performed exome sequencing and copy number variant analysis on 1511 frozen human brains with a diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD, n = 289), frontotemporal dementia/amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (FTD/ALS, n = 252), Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD, n = 239), Parkinson's disease (PD, n = 39), dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB, n = 58), other neurodegenerative, vascular, or neurogenetic disorders (n = 266), and controls with no significant neuropathology (n = 368)...
January 2017: Genome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984442/symptomatic-implant-removal-following-dual-mini-fragment-plating-for-clavicular-shaft-fractures
#16
Cory M Czajka, Andrew Kay, Joshua L Gary, Mark L Prasarn, Andrew M Choo, John W Munz, William H Harvin, Timothy S Achor
OBJECTIVES: To determine the proportion of patients requiring secondary surgery for symptomatic implant removal after open reduction, internal fixation using dual mini-fragment plating technique for clavicular shaft fractures. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. SETTING: Single university Level 1 trauma center. PATIENTS: Eighty-one patients treated with open reduction, internal fixation using dual mini-fragment plating technique for clavicular shaft fractures (OTA/AO 15-B1, B2, and B3) with minimum 12-month follow-up (median 477 days; range 371-1549 days)...
April 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980010/predictors-of-mortality-in-people-with-recent-onset-gout-a-prospective-observational-study
#17
Zoë L Vincent, Greg Gamble, Meaghan House, Julie Knight, Anne Horne, William J Taylor, Nicola Dalbeth
OBJECTIVE: To determine mortality rates and predictors of death at baseline in people with a recent onset of gout. METHODS: People with gout disease duration < 10 years were recruited from primary and secondary care settings. Comprehensive clinical assessment was completed at baseline. Participants were prospectively followed for at least 1 year. Information about death was systematically collected from primary and secondary health records. Standardized mortality ratios (SMR) were calculated and risk factors for mortality were analyzed using Cox proportional hazard regression models...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977041/risperidone-versus-placebo-for-schizophrenia
#18
REVIEW
Ranganath D Rattehalli, Sai Zhao, Bao Guo Li, Mahesh B Jayaram, Jun Xia, Stephanie Sampson
BACKGROUND: Risperidone is the first new-generation antipsychotic drug made available in the market in its generic form. OBJECTIVES: To determine the clinical effects, safety and cost-effectiveness of risperidone compared with placebo for treating schizophrenia. SEARCH METHODS: On 19th October 2015, we searched the Cochrane Schizophrenia Group Trials Register, which is based on regular searches of CINAHL, BIOSIS, AMED, EMBASE, PubMed, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and registries of clinical trials...
December 15, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893870/associations-between-hydration-status-intravenous-fluid-administration-and-outcomes-of-patients-infected-with-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Silviu Grisaru, Jianling Xie, Susan Samuel, Lisa Hartling, Phillip I Tarr, David Schnadower, Stephen B Freedman
Importance: The associations between hydration status, intravenous fluid administration, and outcomes of patients infected with Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) remain unclear. Objective: To determine the relationship between hydration status, the development and severity of hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), and adverse outcomes in STEC-infected individuals. Data Sources: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials via the OvidSP platform, PubMed via the National Library of Medicine, CINAHL Plus with full text, Scopus, Web of Science, ClinicalTrials...
January 1, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881044/promoting-physical-activity-in-hospitalized-patients-with-mild-ischemic-stroke-a-pilot-study
#20
Masashi Kanai, Masafumi Nozoe, Kazuhiro P Izawa, Yuka Takeuchi, Hiroki Kubo, Kyoshi Mase, Shinichi Shimada
BACKGROUND: Patients with acute stroke spend most of their hospital day inactive. However, a method to promote physical activity (PA) in stroke has not been established. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of promoting PA by enhancing self-efficacy in hospitalized patients with mild ischemic stroke. DESIGN: Pre-post interventional study. METHODS: Hospitalized patients with mild ischemic stroke who could walk without assistance were recruited...
November 24, 2016: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
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