keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Abdominal assessment

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812257/robotic-assisted-microvascular-surgery-skill-acquisition-in-a-rat-model
#1
Nicholas S Clarke, Johnathan Price, Travis Boyd, Stefano Salizzoni, Kenton J Zehr, Alejandro Nieponice, Pietro Bajona
Microsurgery is a technically demanding field with long learning curves. Robotic-assisted microsurgery has the ability to decrease these learning curves. We, therefore, sought to assess the feasibility of robotic-assisted microvascular surgery in a rat model, and whether this could be translated into a worthwhile skills acquisition exercise for residents. Twenty-eight rats underwent microvascular anastomosis. Procedures were performed by a trained microvascular surgeon with no robotic experience (n = 14), or a trained robotic surgeon with no microvascular experience (n = 14)...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812202/diagnosis-of-inguinal-hernia-by-prone-vs-supine-position-computed-tomography
#2
A Miyaki, K Yamaguchi, S Kishibe, A Ida, T Miyauchi, Y Naritaka
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of prone-position computed tomography (CT) for detecting and classifying inguinal hernia relative to supine-position CT before laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair. METHODS: Seventy-nine patients who underwent laparoscopic transabdominal preperitoneal repair of inguinal hernia were enrolled in this prospective study. Patients diagnosed with inguinal hernia by physical examination underwent abdominal CT in the supine and prone positions for preoperative assessment...
August 10, 2017: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812175/a-prospective-non-randomized-controlled-multicenter-trial-comparing-appendectomy-and-conservative-treatment-for-patients-with-uncomplicated-acute-appendicitis-the-actuaa-study
#3
Mauro Podda, Fernando Serventi, Lorenzo Mortola, Stefano Marini, Danilo Sirigu, Michela Piga, Marcello Pisano, Massimiliano Coppola, Ferdinando Agresta, Francesco Virdis, Salomone Di Saverio, Nicola Cillara
PURPOSE: Acute appendicitis (AA) is among the most common causes of lower abdominal pain and admissions to the emergency department. Over the past 20 years, there has been a renewed interest in the conservative management of uncomplicated AA, and several studies demonstrated that an antibiotic-first strategy is a viable treatment option for uncomplicated AA. The aim of this prospective non-randomized controlled, multicenter trial is to compare antibiotic therapy and emergency appendectomy as treatment for patients with uncomplicated AA confirmed by US and/or CT or MRI scan...
August 15, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812114/-thoracic-and-abdominal-imaging-in-immunocompromised-patients
#4
REVIEW
J R Kroeger, D Maintz, D-H Chang
The number of patients with immunosuppression is rising worldwide. The spectrum of diseases and pathogens in these patients differs widely from that of immunocompetent patients due to frequent opportunistic infections. Symptoms are sometimes unspecific, and imaging plays a key role in the management of these patients. The lungs are a frequent site of infection in immunosuppressed patients. Chest X‑ray is the starting point for radiological diagnostics, but shows only limited sensitivity and specificity for infections with atypical pathogens...
August 15, 2017: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812023/use-of-a-polyethylene-bag-to-reduce-perioperative-regional-and-whole-body-heat-losses-in-low-birth-weight-neonates
#5
Pierre Tourneux, Estelle Durand, Amandine Pelletier, Laurent Ghyselen, Véronique Bach, Jean-Pierre Libert
In the delivery room, wrapping a low-birth-weight neonate (defined as ≤2.499 g) in a polyethylene bag reduces the risk of hypothermia. However, extended use of the bag (e.g., during neonatal surgery) might conceivably increase the risk of thermal stress and thus body overheating. Here, we assessed the efficacy of a polyethylene bag in infants assigned to wrap (W) or nonwrap (NW, control) groups during placement of a percutaneous vena cava catheter by applying a new mathematical model that calculates heat exchanges for covered and uncovered body segments...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812000/diagnostic-imaging-features-of-necrotizing-enterocolitis-a-narrative-review
#6
REVIEW
Francesco Esposito, Rosanna Mamone, Marco Di Serafino, Carmela Mercogliano, Valerio Vitale, Gianfranco Vallone, Patrizia Oresta
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is an inflammatory process, characterized by intestinal necrosis of variable extension, leading to perforation, generalized peritonitis and death. The classical pathogenetic theory focuses on mucosal damage related to a stress induced intestinal ischemia leading to mucosal injury and bacterial colonization of the wall. A more recent hypothesis emphasizes the role of immaturity of gastrointestinal and immune system, particularly of the premature, responsible of bowel wall vulnerability and suffering...
June 2017: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811690/biochemical-profile-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-patients-in-eastern-india-with-histopathological-correlation
#7
Manorama Swain, Preetam Nath, Prasant Kumar Parida, Jimmy Narayan, Pradeep Kumar Padhi, Girish Kumar Pati, Ayaskanta Singh, Bijay Misra, Debasis Misra, Sanjib Kumar Kar, Manas Kumar Panigrahi, Chudamani Meher, Omprakash Agrawal, Niranjan Rout, Kaumudee Pattnaik, Pallavi Bhuyan, Pramila Kumari Mishra, Shivaram Prasad Singh
Aminotransferase assay is often used as a screening test as well as an endpoint for resolution of disease in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Aim of the study was to evaluate the relationship of transaminase level with metabolic variables and histology in NAFLD. Single center observational study was conducted in a gastroenterology clinic at Cuttack in coastal Odisha. Subjects were consecutive patients presenting with functional bowel disease and undergoing abdominal sonography. All participants were evaluated for the presence of metabolic syndrome (MS), insulin resistance, liver function test and lipid profile...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810971/effect-of-mixed-basic-military-training-on-the-physical-fitness-of-male-and-female-soldiers
#8
Paola S Wood, Catharina C Grant, Peet J du Toit, Lizelle Fletcher
INTRODUCTION: Mixed gender basic military training (BMT) is adopted to integrate the female South African soldier into the military. This study aimed to assess gender differences before, during (12 weeks), and after a 20-week mixed BMT course and determine if BMT significantly reduced these differences. METHODS: A total of 186 soldiers (114 male: mean age = 21.0 ± 1.1 year; 72 female: mean age = 20.5 ± 1.2 year) completed the BMT course and all anthropometric, physical fitness, explosive power, and hand grip strength measurements...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810210/biomechanical-and-histologic-evaluation-of-two-application-forms-of-surgical-glue-for-mesh-fixation-to-the-abdominal-wall
#9
Á Ortillés, G Pascual, E Peña, M Rodríguez, B Pérez-Köhler, C Mesa-Ciller, B Calvo, J M Bellón
The use of an adhesive for mesh fixation in hernia repair reduces chronic pain and minimizes tissue damage in the patient. This study was designed to assess the adhesive properties of a medium-chain (n-butyl) cyanoacrylate glue applied as drops or as a spray in a biomechanical and histologic study. Both forms of glue application were compared to the use of simple-loose or continuous-running polypropylene sutures for mesh fixation. Eighteen adult New Zealand White rabbits were used. For mechanical tests in an ex vivo and in vivo study, patches of polypropylene mesh were fixed to an excised fragment of healthy abdominal tissue or used to repair a partial abdominal wall defect in the rabbit respectively...
August 8, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809620/pancreatitis-in-a-high-hiv-prevalence-environment
#10
Frank Anderson, Sandie R Thomson
BACKGROUND: Acute pancreatitis is common in HIV-positive individuals in reports from regions with a low incidence of HIV infection. This association has not been reported in areas with a high incidence of HIV infection. OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence and outcomes of HIV-associated acute pancreatitis in a high HIV prevalence environment, and trends over the period May 2001 - November 2010. METHODS: The records of patients admitted with acute pancreatitis from 2001 to 2010 were reviewed, looking for HIV status, CD4 counts and medications at presentation...
July 28, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808955/exploring-the-biological-and-mechanical-properties-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms-using-uspio-mri-and-peak-tissue-stress-a-combined-clinical-and-finite-element-study
#11
Noel Conlisk, Rachael O Forsythe, Lyam Hollis, Barry J Doyle, Olivia M B McBride, Jennifer M J Robson, Chengjia Wang, Calum D Gray, Scott I K Semple, Tom MacGillivray, Edwin J R van Beek, David E Newby, Peter R Hoskins
Inflammation detected through the uptake of ultrasmall superparamagnetic particles of iron oxide (USPIO) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and finite element (FE) modelling of tissue stress both hold potential in the assessment of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) rupture risk. This study aimed to examine the spatial relationship between these two biomarkers. Patients (n = 50) > 40 years with AAA maximum diameters > = 40 mm underwent USPIO-enhanced MRI and computed tomography angiogram (CTA). USPIO uptake was compared with wall stress predictions from CTA-based patient-specific FE models of each aneurysm...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808371/efficacy-of-osteopathic-manipulative-treatment-approach-in-the-patient-with-pulmonary-fibrosis-in-critical-care-outpatient-department
#12
Manu Goyal, Kanu Goyal, Kanimozhi Narkeesh, Asir John Samuel, Narkeesh Arumugam, Subhasish Chatterjee, Sorabh Sharma
The purpose of the present case study was to explore the efficacy of osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) in patient with pulmonary fibrosis (PF) in the critical care outpatient department. Here, we present a 48-year-old male case with breathlessness, increased frequency of defecation, and pain in and around the nape of neck with diagnosed pulmonary fibrosis. He scored 3 on a patient-reported modified Medical Research Council (mMRC) dyspnea scale. Osteopathic examination reveals multiple somatic findings across the chest and abdominal region and treated by OMT...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807385/external-validation-of-a-5-year-survival-prediction-model-after-elective-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair
#13
Randall R DeMartino, Ying Huang, Jay Mandrekar, Philip P Goodney, Gustavo S Oderich, Manju Kalra, Thomas C Bower, Jack L Cronenwett, Peter Gloviczki
OBJECTIVE: The benefit of prophylactic repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) is based on the risk of rupture exceeding the risk of death from other comorbidities. The purpose of this study was to validate a 5-year survival prediction model for patients undergoing elective repair of asymptomatic AAA <6.5 cm to assist in optimal selection of patients. METHODS: All patients undergoing elective repair for asymptomatic AAA <6.5 cm (open or endovascular) from 2002 to 2011 were identified from a single institutional database (validation group)...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807384/external-validation-of-vascular-study-group-of-new-england-risk-predictive-model-of-mortality-after-elective-abdominal-aorta-aneurysm-repair-in-the-vascular-quality-initiative-and-comparison-against-established-models
#14
Mohammad H Eslami, Denis V Rybin, Gheorghe Doros, Jeffrey J Siracuse, Alik Farber
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to externally validate a recently reported Vascular Study Group of New England (VSGNE) risk predictive model of postoperative mortality after elective abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair and to compare its predictive ability across different patients' risk categories and against the established risk predictive models using the Vascular Quality Initiative (VQI) AAA sample. METHODS: The VQI AAA database (2010-2015) was queried for patients who underwent elective AAA repair...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806968/cardamom-powder-supplementation-prevents-obesity-improves-glucose-intolerance-inflammation-and-oxidative-stress-in-liver-of-high-carbohydrate-high-fat-diet-induced-obese-rats
#15
Md Mizanur Rahman, Mohammad Nazmul Alam, Anayt Ulla, Farzana Akther Sumi, Nusrat Subhan, Trisha Khan, Bishwajit Sikder, Hemayet Hossain, Hasan Mahmud Reza, Md Ashraful Alam
BACKGROUND: Cardamom is a well-known spice in Indian subcontinent, used in culinary and traditional medicine practices since ancient times. The current investigation was untaken to evaluate the potential benefit of cardamom powder supplementation in high carbohydrate high fat (HCHF) diet induced obese rats. METHOD: Male Wistar rats (28 rats) were divided into four different groups such as Control, Control + cardamom, HCHF, HCHF + cardamom. High carbohydrate and high fat (HCHF) diet was prepared in our laboratory...
August 14, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806210/risk-stratification-for-major-postoperative-complications-in-patients-undergoing-intra-abdominal-general-surgery-using-latent-class-analysis
#16
Minjae Kim, Melanie M Wall, Guohua Li
BACKGROUND: Preoperative risk stratification is a critical element in assessing the risks and benefits of surgery. Prior work has demonstrated that intra-abdominal general surgery patients can be classified based on their comorbidities and risk factors using latent class analysis (LCA), a model-based clustering technique designed to find groups of patients that are similar with respect to characteristics entered into the model. Moreover, the latent risk classes were predictive of 30-day mortality...
August 10, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806140/adherent-invasive-e-coli-enhances-colonic-hypersensitivity-and-p2x-receptors-expression-during-post-infectious-period
#17
Amandine Lashermes, Ludivine Boudieu, Julie Barbier, Benoit Sion, Agathe Gelot, Nicolas Barnich, Denis Ardid, Frédéric Antonio Carvalho
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) are related gastrointestinal disorders characterized by abdominal pain associated with colonic hypersensitivity (CHS). Studies in humans have reported an abnormal colonization of Adherent-Invasive E. coli (AIEC) in the ileum of Crohn's disease (CD) patients associated with overexpression of the bacterial colonizing receptor CEACAM6. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether AIEC reference strain LF82 could induce intestinal impairment during infectious and/or post-infectious periods and subsequently the development of CHS...
August 14, 2017: Gut Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805779/-treatment-of-inflammatory-complications-of-colic-diverticular-disease-at-the-emergency-surgical-care-hospital
#18
P A Reznitsky, P A Yartsev, N V Shavrina
AIM: To assess an effectiveness of minimally invasive and laparoscopic technologies in treatment of inflammatory complications of colic diverticular disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 150 patients who were divided into control and main groups. Survey included ultrasound, X-ray examination and abdominal computerized tomography. In the main group standardized treatment algorithm including minimally invasive and laparoscopic technologies was used. RESULTS: In the main group 79 patients underwent conservative treatment, minimally invasive (ultrasound-assisted percutaneous drainage of abscesses) and laparoscopic surgery that was successful in 78 (98...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805608/the-utility-and-effectiveness-of-an-internal-iliac-artery-balloon-occlusion-catheter-in-surgery-for-large-cervical-uterine-fibroids
#19
Hiroshi Kaneda, Yasuhisa Terao, Yuko Matsuda, Kazunari Fujino, Takafumi Ujihira, Soshi Kusunoki, Miki Kimura, Akihiko Shiraishi, Ryohei Kuwatsuru, Satoru Takeda
OBJECTIVE: Surgery for uterine cervical fibroids is difficult because of restricted surgical access and risks such as intraoperative bleeding or injury to other organs. The internal iliac artery balloon occlusion catheter (IIABOC) provides effective hemostasis for placenta previa and atonic hemorrhage, and is increasingly used in surgery for uterine fibroids for controlling intraoperative hemorrhage. We investigated the efficacy and safety of the IIABOC for controlling intraoperative bleeding in total abdominal hysterectomies (TAH) and abdominal myomectomies (AM) for large cervical fibroids...
August 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805075/validity-and-reliability-of-accelerometry-in-identification-of-lying-sitting-standing-or-purposeful-activity-in-adult-hospital-inpatients-recovering-from-acute-or-critical-illness-a-systematic-review
#20
Jayne L Anderson, Angela J Green, L Samantha Yoward, Howard K Hall
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the validity and reliability of accelerometers to detect lying, sitting and standing postures or purposeful activity in hospitalized adults recovering from acute or critical illness. DATA SOURCES: CINAHL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, AMED, Cochrane Library, PEDro, PsycINFO and SPORTDiscuss were searched from inception to June 2017. Professional networks and reference lists of relevant articles were also searched. The main selection criteria were hospitalized adults with acute or critical illness and studies investigating the validity or reliability of accelerometers to identify body position or purposeful activity...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
keyword
keyword
83904
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"