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hepatitis c, infliximab

Claudio Bonifati, Viviana Lora, Dario Graceffa, Lorenzo Nosotti
The systemic therapies available for the management of Psoriasis (PsO) patients who cannot be treated with more conservative options, such as topical agents and/or phototherapy, with the exception of acitretin, can worsen or reactivate a chronic infection. Therefore, before administering immunosuppressive therapies with either conventional disease-modifying drugs (cDMARDs) or biological ones (bDMARDs) it is mandatory to screen patients for some infections, including hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV)...
July 28, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
T G Steenbruggen, M M van den Heuvel, C U Blank, J M van Dieren, J B A G Haanen, M Kok
Immunotherapy with checkpoint inhibitors is an effective strategy for several cancers. In some patients long-term remissions are seen. However, enhancement of the immune response can be accompanied by immune-related adverse events (irAEs). These patients often present with nonspecific symptoms. The most common irAEs are dermatitis, colitis, pneumonitis, hepatitis and endocrinopathies. IrAEs can occur in every organ, even simultaneously. Furthermore, irAEs can occur weeks or months after discontinuation of checkpoint inhibitors...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
Fabiola Atzeni, Alberto Batticciotto, Ignazio F Masala, Rossella Talotta, Maurizio Benucci, Piercarlo Sarzi-Puttini
Long-term extension studies and observational drug registers have revealed an increased risk of serious infections in patients treated with anti-tumor necrosis factor agents, particularly infliximab, etanercept and adalimumab. The same may be true for the newer biological drugs rituximab, tocilizumab and abatacept, although this has yet to be confirmed by long-term observational studies. We review the risk of tuberculosis, herpes zoster and other opportunistic infections, and the recommendations for screening for tuberculosis and hepatitis B and C infections in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, with the aim of informing patients and encouraging greater awareness among physicians...
March 2016: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
Glen T Schumock, Edward C Li, Katie J Suda, Michelle D Wiest, JoAnn Stubbings, Linda M Matusiak, Robert J Hunkler, Lee C Vermeulen
PURPOSE: Historical trends and factors likely to influence future pharmaceutical expenditures are discussed, and projections are made for drug spending in 2016 in nonfederal hospitals, clinics, and overall (all sectors). METHODS: Drug expenditure data through calendar year 2015 were obtained from the IMS Health National Sales Perspectives database and analyzed. Other factors that may influence drug spending in hospitals and clinics in 2016, including new drug approvals and patent expirations, were also reviewed...
July 15, 2016: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
Foteini Chatzinasiou, Dimitrios Polymeros, Maro Panagiotou, Konstadinos Theodoropoulos, Dimitrios Rigopoulos
Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is a rare ulcerative skin disease, part of the spectrum of neutrophilic and auto-inflammatory dermatoses. Its pathogenesis is unknown, although immune pathways have been implicated. Lesion biopsies show a predominantly neutrophilic infiltrate. The incidence of PG is uncertain, but it is estimated to be 3-10 per million per year, occurring at any age but most commonly between 20 and 50 years with a possible slightly higher incidence in women. Approximately 50% of patients with PG also have another disease associated with PG...
April 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
Remzi Adnan Akdogan, Yildiray Kalkan, Levent Tümkaya, Halil Rakici, Elif Akdogan
The aim of this study was to investigate the possible protective effects of infliximab on expression of laminin, anti-TNF, and NFκB in the rat hepatic cells after ischemia/reperfusion (I/R). A total of 30 male Wistar albino rats were divided into three groups: Control (C), sham I/R (ISC), and I/R+ infliximab (ISC inf); each group comprised 10 animals. C group animals underwent laparotomy without I/R injury. In ISC groups after undergoing laparotomy, 1 hour of superior mesenteric artery ligation was done, which was followed by 1 hour of reperfusion...
2016: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
Giulia Finotti, Nicola Tamassia, Federica Calzetti, Giovanna Fattovich, Marco A Cassatella
The interplay between IFN-λs and dendritic cells is becoming increasingly relevant, particularly in light of their key role in inducing the antiviral state, including in hepatitis C virus infection. In this work, we have analyzed extensively how human plasmacytoid dendritic cells respond to IFN-λ3. We report that plasmacytoid dendritic cells incubated with IFN-λ3 prolong their survival; alter their expression pattern of surface HLA-DRα, CD123, CD86, and CD303; and time dependently produce IFN-α, CXCL10/IFN-γ-induced protein 10, and even modest quantities of TNF-α...
January 2016: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
Petra Cetkovska, Iva Lomicova, Petr Mukensnabl, Aloysius C M Kroes
A case is described of severe acute hepatitis in 47-year-old woman with chronic psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis treated with infliximab. Although clinical, serological and laboratory results were compatible with acute EBV hepatitis, it was difficult to differentiate between EBV infection and other non-infectious causes of hepatitis. The patient gradually developed chronic hepatitis with liver steatosis and efficient treatment with adalimumab had to be stopped. This case presents an uncommon complication that may arise from the use of biologic therapy and calls for caution in long-term management of psoriatic patients with internal comorbidities...
November 2015: Dermatologic Therapy
Yao He, Pingping Xu, Yujun Chen, Rongping Yang, Baili Chen, Zhirong Zeng, Minhu Chen
The prevalence of Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) infection in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has been reported differently across the world. The present study retrospectively included 675 consecutive IBD patients (449 Crohn's disease, CD and 226 ulcerative colitis,UC) from July 2006 to July 2012. The rates of HBV infection (HBsAg-positive) were 13.6%, 16.8% and 13.8% in patients with CD, UC, and general population, respectively (P = 0.418). No significant difference in clinical characters was found between HBsAg-positive and HBsAg-negative IBD patients...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Christine S Ahn, Emily H Dothard, Michael L Garner, Steven R Feldman, William W Huang
BACKGROUND: Safety profiles of systemic biologic agents for the treatment of psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) encompass a wide spectrum of adverse events. To date, no uniform evidence-based guidelines exist regarding screening and monitoring patients who are undergoing biologic therapy. OBJECTIVE: We sought to identify studies evaluating screening and monitoring tests in the treatment of psoriasis and PsA with systemic biologic agents, and to propose evidence-based practical guidelines...
September 2015: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Ai Kawahara, Junichi Tsukada, Takahiro Yamaguchi, Takefumi Katsuragi, Takehiro Higashi
Primary hepatic lymphoma (PHL) is an extremely rare disease, frequently associated with viruses such as hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and human immune deficiency virus (HIV). On the other hand, an increased risk of lymphoproliferative disorders (LPD) has been demonstrated in patients treated with immunosuppressive drugs such as methotrexate (MTX) for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The role of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) has been discussed in the pathogenesis of the immunodeficiency-associated LPDs...
2015: Biomarker Research
Francesco Caso, Luca Cantarini, Filomena Morisco, Antonio Del Puente, Roberta Ramonda, Ugo Fiocco, Ennio Lubrano, Rosario Peluso, Paolo Caso, Mauro Galeazzi, Leonardo Punzi, Raffaele Scarpa, Luisa Costa
INTRODUCTION: Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a chronic inflammatory condition involving the spine, enthesis and peripheral joints, which is associated with psoriasis. PsA therapy varies from use of NSAIDs to disease-modifying anti-rheumatic agents (DMARDs). However, their use can represent a limitation in patients with concomitant hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. In the last few decades, anti-TNF-α therapy has opened new horizons in the treatment of PsA. Hence, the purpose of this review is to explore the efficacy and safety of anti-TNF-α agents in PsA and concomitant HCV infection...
May 2015: Expert Opinion on Biological Therapy
Giuseppe Murdaca, Francesca Spanò, Miriam Contatore, Andrea Guastalla, Elena Penza, Ottavia Magnani, Francesco Puppo
INTRODUCTION: TNF-α is a pro-inflammatory cytokine known to a have a key role in the pathogenesis of chronic immune-mediated diseases. TNF-α inhibitors can be administered either as monotherapy or in combination with other anti-inflammatory or disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) to treat chronic immune-mediated diseases. AREAS COVERED: Patients receiving TNF-α inhibitors are at high risk of infections. Based on our experience, in this paper, we discuss the risk of infections associated with the administration of TNF-α inhibitors and the strategies for mitigating against the development of these serious adverse events...
April 2015: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
Gesa Martius, Salamah Mohammad Alwahsh, Margret Rave-Fränk, Clemens Friedrich Hess, Hans Christiansen, Giuliano Ramadori, Ihtzaz Ahmed Malik
Irradiation is known to induce inflammation and affect fat metabolic pathways. The current study investigates hepatic fat accumulation and fatty acid transportation in a rat model of single dose liver irradiation (25-Gy). Rat livers were selectively irradiated in-vivo (25-Gy), sham-irradiated rats served as controls. Hepatic lipids were studied by colorimetric assays in liver and serum. Intracellular lipids, protein and mRNA were studied by Nile red staining, immunohistology, Western Blot analysis and RT-PCR in liver, respectively...
2014: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology
Michael A Mancano
The purpose of this feature is to heighten awareness of specific adverse drug reactions (ADRs), discuss methods of prevention, and promote reporting of ADRs to the US Food and Drug Administration's (FDA's) MedWatch program (800-FDA-1088). If you have reported an interesting, preventable ADR to MedWatch, please consider sharing the account with our readers. Write to Dr. Mancano at ISMP, 200 Lakeside Drive, Suite 200, Horsham, PA 19044 (phone: 215-707-4936; e-mail: Your report will be published anonymously unless otherwise requested...
June 2014: Hospital Pharmacy
Giuseppe Murdaca, Francesca Spanò, Miriam Contatore, Andrea Guastalla, Ottavia Magnani, Francesco Puppo
INTRODUCTION: TNF-α inhibitors have demonstrated efficacy in large, randomized controlled clinical trials either as monotherapy or in combination with other anti-inflammatory or disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs in the treatment of chronic inflammatory immune-mediated diseases. Etanercept is a fusion protein that acts as a 'decoy receptor' for TNF-α. AREAS COVERED: This paper evaluates the efficacy and safety of etanercept in patients with chronic inflammatory immune-mediated diseases...
May 2014: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
Erhan Capkin, Murat Karkucak, Arif M Cosar, Emel Ak, Adem Karaca, Ferhat Gokmen, Bayram S Budak, Mehmet Tosun
AIM: To retrospectively investigate and compare the effects of tumor necrosis factor alpha inhibitors (TNFi) on hepatic enzymes in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the records of 94 AS (66 male, 28 female) patients using TNFi was performed. Patients' clinical data, Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity (BASDAI) scores, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels were all examined. Liver function test (LFTs) results of patients before the treatment and 3, 6 and 12 months after treatment with TNFi were investigated...
June 2015: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
Thomas Hügle, Thomas Daikeler, Alan Tyndall
The successful use of a chimeric monoclonal antibody targeting TNF alpha (infliximab) to treat rheumatoid arthritis (RA) two decades ago, ushered in a new era of therapy with the so-called biopharmaceuticals, commonly referred to as "biologics". Their use rapidly spread to other indications such as Crohns disease, and their commercial success led to rapid extension of the concept using other forms of monoclonal antibodies and receptor recombinant molecules with specificities to other cytokines, growth factors and immune cell subsets...
January 2014: Therapeutische Umschau. Revue Thérapeutique
María Rojas-Feria, Manuel Castro, Emilio Suárez, Javier Ampuero, Manuel Romero-Gómez
Abnormal liver biochemical tests are present in up to 30% of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and therefore become a diagnostic challenge. Liver and biliary tract diseases are common extraintestinal manifestations for both Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis (UC), and typically do not correlate with intestinal activity. Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is the most common hepatobiliary manifestation of IBD, and is more prevalent in UC. Approximately 5% of patients with UC develop PSC, with the prevalence reaching up to 90%...
November 14, 2013: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Curtis Cooper, Stephan Shafran, Susan Greenbloom, Robert Enns, John Farley, Nir Hilzenrat, Kurt Williams, Magdy Elkashab, Nabil Abadir, Manuela Neuman
BACKGROUND: Serum tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) levels correlate negatively with hepatitis C virus (HCV) antiviral response. OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that a single infliximab induction dose would positively influence on-treatment virological response and sustained virological response (SVR). METHODS: The present study was a phase IIIB, randomized, prospective, open-label pilot trial conducted at eight Canadian sites. Treatment-naive HCV genotype 1-infected patients 18 to 65 years of age with high serum TNF-α values (>300 pg⁄mL) were randomly assigned to receive a single pretreatment induction infliximab infusion (5 mg⁄kg) seven days before antiviral therapy (arm A) or no pretreatment (arm B)...
January 2014: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
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