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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732367/significantly-more-intense-pain-in-methadone-maintained-patients-who-are-addicted-to-nicotine
#1
Lian-Zhong Liu, Lin-Xiang Tan, Yan-Min Xu, Xue-Bing Liu, Wen-Cai Chen, Jun-Hong Zhu, Jin Lu, Bao-Liang Zhong
Pain and cigarette smoking are very common in heroin-dependent patients (HDPs) receiving methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) and both have substantial negative effects on HDPs' physical and mental health. Nevertheless, very few studies have assessed the relationship between the two in HDPs. This study examined the association between pain intensity and smoking in Chinese methadone-maintained HDPs. A total of 603 HDPs were consecutively recruited from three MMT clinics in Wuhan, China, and administered with a socio-demographic and drug use questionnaire, a smoking questionnaire concerning average number of cigarettes smoked daily and Heaviness of Smoking Index, and Zung's Self-rating Depression Scale...
July 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732352/cerebral-blood-flow-changes-in-remitted-early-and-late-onset-depression-patients
#2
Wenxiang Liao, Ze Wang, Xiangrong Zhang, Hao Shu, Zan Wang, Duan Liu, Zhijun Zhang
Abnormal cerebral blood flow (CBF) is reportedly associated with major depressive disorder (MDD). We have investigated CBF changes in early-onset depression (EOD) and late-onset depression (LOD), and their impact on cognitive function. Thirty-two remitted EOD patients, 32 remitted LOD patients, and 43 age-matched healthy controls were recruited, and the pulsed arterial spin labeling data were scanned under 3.0T MRI and processed through voxel-by-voxel statistical analysis. Compared to healthy controls, LOD patients had decreased normalized CBF in the bilateral precuneus, cuneus, right fronto-cingulate-striatal areas, and right temporal, occipital and parietal lobes, but increased normalized CBF in the left frontal and temporal cortices and the cingulate gyrus...
July 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732260/differences-in-emotional-stimuli-processing-in-subjects-with-mtle-with-and-without-depression
#3
Lidija Preglej, Ksenija Marinković, Hrvoje Hećimović
In healthy people, a preference in attention maintenance and memory for words with emotional valence comparing to neutral words has been shown. The pattern of emotional stimuli processing may be different in people with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) and it may be sensitive to the presence of depressive symptoms. In order to explore these possibilities, we applied the emotional spatial cueing attentional task and the free recall memory task to participants (N=39) with MTLE and compared them with healthy controls...
July 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732259/dravet-syndrome-characteristics-comorbidities-and-caregiver-concerns
#4
Nicole Villas, Mary Anne Meskis, Sue Goodliffe
The Dravet Syndrome Foundation (DSF) conducted the largest in-depth survey of parents and caregivers of patients with Dravet syndrome (DS) to date, in order to (1) identify top concerns among caregivers, (2) establish an approximate frequency of characteristics and comorbidities of DS beyond seizures, and (3) provide direction for clinicians and researchers looking to study the effects of DS on the patient and family unit. Two hundred fifty-six responses were received representing a patient age range of 9months to 32years with a median age group of 7-10years (IQR=8)...
July 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732243/modeling-trait-depression-amplifies-the-effect-of-childbearing-on-postpartum-depression
#5
Kristen G Merkitch, Katherine G Jonas, Michael W O'Hara
BACKGROUND: The literature on the relative risk for depression in the postpartum period has largely focused on state (or episodic) depression, and has not addressed trait depression (a woman's general tendency to experience depressed mood). The present study evaluates the association between childbirth and depression in the postpartum period, taking into account the role of stable differences in women's vulnerability for depression across a 10-year span. METHODS: Data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 Cohort (N = 4385) were used...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732242/the-depression-and-marital-status-relationship-is-modified-by-both-age-and-gender
#6
Andrew G M Bulloch, Jeanne V A Williams, Dina H Lavorato, Scott B Patten
BACKGROUND: Marital status is associated with major depression prevalence, however, the strength of association may be modified by age and gender. METHODS: The data sources were a series of cross sectional national health surveys of the Canadian population carried out by Statistics Canada during 1996-2013. These were cross-sectional files from the National Population Health Survey of 1996, together with the Canadian Community Health Surveys from 2000 to 2013; the respondents were 18 years and older...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732193/what-should-a-website-dedicated-to-the-postnatal-period-contain-a-delphi-survey-among-parents-and-professionals
#7
J Slomian, P Emonts, M Erpicum, L Vigneron, J Y Reginster, O Bruyère
OBJECTIVES: Mothers have a great need for information during the postnatal period. Trying to meet this need, mothers are increasingly turning to the Internet. Nevertheless, many women have stated that they often or always found that the information that they found on the Internet was incomplete or wrong. Many women therefore believe that health professionals should suggest reliable Internet websites for new mothers. The aim of this study was therefore to find a consensus on the content of a reliable and centralized website dedicated to mothers from the end of pregnancy to 1 year after childbirth...
July 6, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732071/the-ideas-about-advanced-life-support-and-affecting-factors-at-the-end-stage-of-life-in-a-hospital-in-turkey
#8
Turgay Albayrak, İrfan Şencan, Ömer Akça, Esra Meltem Koç, Hilal Aksoy, Selim Ünsal, İskender Bülbül, Adem Bahadır, İsmail Kasım, Rabia Kahveci, Adem Özkara
BACKGROUND: The participation of the people in health decisions may be structured in various levels. One of these is participation in decisions for the treatment. "Advanced directives" is one of the examples for the participation in decisions for the treatment. AIM: We wanted to determine the decisions on advanced life support at the end-stage of life in case of a life-threatening illness for the people themselves and their first degree relatives and the factors effecting these decisions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731960/perceived-pain-extent-is-not-associated-with-widespread-pressure-pain-sensitivity-clinical-features-related-disability-anxiety-or-depression-in-women-with-episodic-migraine
#9
Cesar Fernández-de-Las-Peñas, Deborah Falla, María Palacios-Ceña, Stella Fuensalidad-Novo, Jose L Arias-Buría, Alessandro Schneebeli, Lars Arend-Nielsen, Marco Barbero
OBJECTIVE: People with migraine present with varying pain extent and an expanded distribution of perceived pain may reflect central sensitization. The relationship between pain extent and clinical features, psychological outcomes, related-disability and pressure pain sensitivity in migraine has been poorly investigated. Our aim was to investigate whether the perceived pain extent, assessed from pain drawings, relates to measures of pressure pain sensitivity, clinical, psychological outcomes, and related-disability in women with episodic migraine...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731957/longitudinal-postoperative-course-of-pain-and-dysfunction-following-total-knee-arthroplasty
#10
Katherine Hadlandsmyth, M Bridget Zimmerman, Roohina Wajid, Kathleen A Sluka, Keela Herr, Charles R Clark, Nicolas O Noiseux, John J Callaghan, Barbara A Rakel
OBJECTIVES: While the majority of patients undergoing Total Knee Arthroplasty report substantial improvement in pain and function, a significant subset experience persistent post-surgical pain and dysfunction. Better understanding of the longitudinal postoperative course is needed, including the association between patient status following physical rehabilitation at 6 weeks post-TKA, to six month outcomes. This study aims to described the postoperative course of TKA and examine variables associated with change in pain and functioning between 6 weeks and 6 months post-TKA...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731933/continuous-capnography-reduces-the-incidence-of-opioid-induced-respiratory-rescue-by-hospital-rapid-resuscitation-team
#11
Mindy Stites, Jennifer Surprise, Jennifer McNiel, David Northrop, Martin De Ruyter
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the impact of end tidal carbon dioxide or capnography monitoring in patients requiring patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) on the incidence of opioid-induced respiratory depression (OIRD) in the setting of rapid response. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted in an urban tertiary care facility on the incidence of OIRD in the setting of rapid response as defined by a positive response to naloxone from January 2012 to December 2015...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731926/history-of-anaesthesia-the-ketamine-story-past-present-and-future
#12
Georges Mion
: Ketamine's history begins in the 1950s in Detroit, Michigan, at Parke-Davis Laboratories. On 26 March 1956, Harold V. Maddox synthesised phencyclidine or PCP. Domino studied PCP effects in animals and in 1958, Greifenstein made the first trials of PCP in humans under the name of Sernyl. Sernyl did not cause depression of cardiovascular and respiratory functions, but elicited severe excitation with a very prolonged postoperative recovery. Because of its psychedelic effects, it became a street drug under the name of 'angel dust' and was placed on schedule II of Federal Controlled Substance Act (CSA) in 1978...
July 20, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731911/expert-and-self-assessment-of-lifetime-symptoms-and-diagnosis-of-major-depressive-disorder-in-large-scale-genetic-studies-in-the-general-population-comparison-of-a-clinical-interview-and-a-self-administered-checklist
#13
Jessica Martin, Fabian Streit, Jens Treutlein, Maren Lang, Josef Frank, Andreas J Forstner, Franziska Degenhardt, Stephanie H Witt, Thomas G Schulze, Sven Cichon, Markus M Nöthen, Marcella Rietschel, Jana Strohmaier
Major depression disorder (MDD) is a complex neuropsychiatric disorder and an increasing number of genetic risk variants are being identified. Investigation of their influence in the general population requires accurate and efficient assessment of depressive symptoms. Here, clinical interviews conducted by clinicians are the gold standard. We investigated whether valid and reliable clinical phenotypes can be obtained efficiently using self-administered instruments. Lifetime depressive symptoms and lifetime MDD diagnosis were assessed in 464 population-based individuals using a clinical interview and a structured, self-administered checklist...
July 20, 2017: Psychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731844/outcome-by-gender-in-the-veterans-health-administration-motivating-overweight-obese-veterans-everywhere-weight-management-program
#14
Bryan C Batch, Karen Goldstein, William S Yancy, Linda L Sanders, Susanne Danus, Steven C Grambow, Hayden B Bosworth
BACKGROUND: Few evaluations of the Veterans Health Administration Motivating Overweight/Obese Veterans Everywhere (MOVE!) weight management program have assessed 6-month weight change or factors associated with weight change by gender. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Analysis of administrative data from a national sample of veterans in the VA MOVE! PROGRAM: HASH(0x4208548) RESULTS: A total of 62,882 participants were included, 14...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731833/the-dishwater-menace-and-the-compromising-solution-healthy-drinking-spaces-and-the-public-good-in-post-prohibition-ontario
#15
Dan Malleck
This paper examines inter-bureaucracy tension, negotiation, and resolution in the case of the oversight of beverage room sanitation in Ontario in the 1930s and 1940s. Both the Liquor Control Board of Ontario (LCBO) and various public health authorities claimed authority over the health status of public drinking spaces. But the LCBO had legislative priority. The ensuing debates regarding health and cleanliness linked issues of beverage room glass sanitation to a biopolitical approach to public drinking. Developing a more scientifically sophisticated approach to beverage glass cleaning required a balancing of administrative priorities...
July 21, 2017: Canadian Bulletin of Medical History, Bulletin Canadien D'histoire de la Médecine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731778/a-pharmacologic-algorithm-for-youth-who-are-at-high-risk-for-bipolar-disorder
#16
Christopher D Schneck, Kiki D Chang, Manpreet K Singh, Melissa P DelBello, David J Miklowitz
OBJECTIVE: Depression and brief periods of manic symptoms are linked to a significant risk of progression to bipolar disorder (BD) in children who have a first-degree relative with BD I or II. However, little evidence exists to guide the pharmacologic management of children with these high-risk phenotypes. We propose a pharmacological treatment algorithm for high-risk youth and present results on its use in a study of children with a first-degree relative with BD. METHODS: Subjects were 40 youth (mean 12...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731624/risk-for-postpartum-depression-among-immigrant-arabic-women-in-the-united-states-a-feasibility-study
#17
Dalia Alhasanat, Judith Fry-McComish, Hossein N Yarandi
INTRODUCTION: Postpartum depression (PPD) affects approximately 14% of women in the United States and 10% to 37% of Arabic women in the Middle East. Evidence suggests that immigrant women experience higher rates, but information on PPD among immigrant women of Arabic descent in the United States is nonexistent. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive feasibility study was conducted to assess the practicality of implementing a larger proposed research study to examine predictors of PPD in US immigrant women of Arabic descent residing in Dearborn, Michigan...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731489/sexual-health-adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-body-weight-physical-activity-and-mental-state-factors-correlated-to-each-other
#18
Pier A Della Camera, Simone Morselli, Gianmartin Cito, Giovanni Tasso, Andrea Cocci, Nicola Laruccia, Fabrizio Travaglini, Dario Del Fabbro, Antonio R Mottola, Mauro Gacci, Sergio Serni, Marco Carini, Alessandro Natali
INTRODUCTION: Mediterranean diet has shown a protective role against cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer onset, microvascular damage and dementia in many trials. Our purpose is the assessment of a correlation between physical activity, Mediterranean diet, body mass index (BMI), depression and erection disorder (ED). METHODS: After having signed disclaimer to the study participation, we administered the IIEF 15 questionnaire (International Index of Erectil Function), the Hamilton questionnaire for major depression, the Med-Diet Questionnaire, the Ipaq Questionnaire (International Index of Physical Activity) to 245 patients and calculated the BMI...
July 14, 2017: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731445/colivelin-ameliorates-impairments-in%C3%A2-cognitive-behaviors-and-synaptic-plasticity-in-app-ps1-transgenic-mice
#19
Meina Wu, Hui Shi, Yexin He, Li Yuan, Xuesong Qu, Jun Zhang, Zhaojun Wang, Hongyan Cai, Jinshun Qi
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia, and effective therapeutics are lacking. Colivelin (CLN), a novel, strong humanin derivative, is effective in vitro in preventing cell death induced by AD-causative genes and amyloid-β protein (Aβ) even at a low concentration. We recently demonstrated that intrahippocampal injection of CLN prevents Aβ25-35-induced deficits in spatial memory and synaptic plasticity in normal rats. Here, we further observed the effects of chronically intranasally (i...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731429/severity-of-depression-impacts-imminent-conversion-from-mild-cognitive-impairment-to-alzheimer-s-disease
#20
Michaela Defrancesco, Josef Marksteiner, Georg Kemmler, Walter Wolfgang Fleischhacker, Imrich Blasko, Eberhard A Deisenhammer
BACKGROUND: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) has been suggested to represent a prodromal stage of dementia and to confer a high risk for conversion to dementia Alzheimer's type (DAT). OBJECTIVES: In this study, we examined the predictive value of depressive symptoms and neuropsychological variables on conversion of MCI to DAT. METHODS: Neuropsychological and clinical follow-up data of 260 MCI patients seen at the Psychiatric Memory Clinic of the Medical University of Innsbruck between 2005 and 2015 were analyzed retrospectively...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
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