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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823119/determinants-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-iranian-adults-evidence-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Satar Rezaei, Mohammad Hajizadeh, Ali Kazemi, Masoud Khosravipour, Farid Khosravi, Shahab Rezaeian
Purpose: This study aimed to measure the level and determinants of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in adults in Kermanshah province, the western region of Iran. Methods: Convenience sampling was employed to derive a sample of 998 adults 18 years and older (646 males and 352 females) in Kermanshah city. A two-part self-administered questionnaire was used for data collection. The first part designed to collect information on socio-demographic characteristics, socioeconomic status and life style factors...
August 15, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823111/welfare-to-work-interventions-and-their-effects-on-the-mental-and-physical-health-of-lone-parents-and-their-children
#2
REVIEW
Marcia Gibson, Hilary Thomson, Kasia Banas, Vittoria Lutje, Martin J McKee, Susan P Martin, Candida Fenton, Clare Bambra, Lyndal Bond
BACKGROUND: Lone parents in high-income countries have high rates of poverty (including in-work poverty) and poor health. Employment requirements for these parents are increasingly common. 'Welfare-to-work' (WtW) interventions involving financial sanctions and incentives, training, childcare subsidies and lifetime limits on benefit receipt have been used to support or mandate employment among lone parents. These and other interventions that affect employment and income may also affect people's health, and it is important to understand the available evidence on these effects in lone parents...
August 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823105/understanding-peripartum-depression-through-neuroimaging-a-review-of-structural-and-functional-connectivity-and-molecular-imaging-research
#3
REVIEW
Christy Duan, Jessica Cosgrove, Kristina M Deligiannidis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Imaging research has sought to uncover brain structure, function, and metabolism in women with postpartum depression (PPD) as little is known about its underlying pathophysiology. This review discusses the imaging modalities used to date to evaluate postpartum depression and highlights recent findings. RECENT FINDINGS: Altered functional connectivity and activity changes in brain areas implicated in executive functioning and emotion and reward processing have been identified in PPD...
August 19, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823101/predictors-of-disordered-eating-in-young-males
#4
R Doumit, J Abi Kharma, M J Sanchez-Ruiz, N Zeeni
Recent findings suggest that disordered eating (DE) symptomatology may be underestimated in the male population. The present study examined depressive symptomatology as a potential mediator of the relationships between body image dissatisfaction, strategies to change body weight and muscles, media pressure, and DE (emotional, restrained and emotional eating) in 260 male undergraduates who completed a self-reported questionnaire. Path analyses indicated that media influence and strategies to decrease body weight had direct positive effects on depressive symptomatology, which in turn predicted emotional eating...
August 19, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823008/neuropathic-pain-s-biopsychosocial-effects
#5
Esra Dogru Huzmeli, Ismet Melek
The aim of our study is to understand neuropathic pain's social, psychological, and biological effects on the patients. All of the patients who were diagnosed with neuropathic pain (NP) by a neurologist were invited to participate in the study. The diagnoses were made based on the patients' history and symptoms and the results of their neurological examinations. Demographic characteristics (age and pain duration), diagnoses, and medical histories of the patients were recorded. Average daily pain intensity was measured using a 100-mm visual analogue scale (VAS)...
August 19, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822964/moderate-to-severe-obstructive-sleep-apnea-is-associated-with-telomere-lengthening
#6
Katarzyna Polonis, Virend K Somers, Christiane Becari, Naima Covassin, Phillip J Schulte, Brooke R Druliner, Ruth A Johnson, Krzysztof Narkiewicz, Lisa A Boardman, Prachi Singh
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with cardiometabolic diseases. Telomere shortening is linked to hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and cardiovascular diseases. Because these conditions are highly prevalent in OSA, we hypothesized that telomere length (TL) would be reduced in OSA patients. We identified 106 OSA and 104 non-OSA subjects who underwent polysomnography evaluation. Quantitative PCR was used to measure telomere length in genomic DNA isolated from peripheral blood samples. The association between OSA and TL was determined using unadjusted and adjusted linear models...
August 19, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822879/patient-recall-of-specific-cognitive-therapy-contents-predicts-adherence-and-outcome-in-adults-with-major-depressive-disorder
#7
Lu Dong, Xin Zhao, Stacie L Ong, Allison G Harvey
The current study examined whether and which specific contents of patients' memory for cognitive therapy (CT) were associated with treatment adherence and outcome. Data were drawn from a pilot RCT of forty-eight depressed adults, who received either CT plus Memory Support Intervention (CT + Memory Support) or CT-as-usual. Patients' memory for treatment was measured using the Patient Recall Task and responses were coded into cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) codes, such as CBT Model and Cognitive Restructuring, and non-CBT codes, such as individual coping strategies and no code...
August 10, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822826/depression-is-associated-with-the-long-term-outcome-of-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-surgery-a-10-year-follow-up-study
#8
Iina Tuomainen, Maarit Pakarinen, Timo Aalto, Sanna Sinikallio, Heikki Kröger, Heimo Viinamäki, Olavi Airaksinen
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Depression is associated with greater postoperative disability in lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) patients. No previous studies have reported the association in a 10-year follow-up. PURPOSE: To evaluate the association between preoperative and postoperative depressive symptoms and the surgical outcome among LSS patients in a 10-year follow-up. In addition, we examined the effects of the depressive burden on the surgical outcome. DESIGN: A prospective observational follow-up study...
August 16, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822798/meaning-in-life-as-a-mediator-between-physical-impairment-and-the-wish-to-hasten-death-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer
#9
Mariona Guerrero-Torrelles, Cristina Monforte-Royo, Joaquín Tomás-Sábado, Frederic Marimon, Josep Porta-Sales, Albert Balaguer
CONTEXT: Meaning in life (MiL) is a key factor for ensuring spiritual wellbeing and quality of life among patients with life-threatening illnesses. However, the role of MiL in relation to the wish to hasten death (WTHD) and its interaction with other physical and psychological factors in patients with advanced cancer has not yet been studied. OBJECTIVE: To analyse the relationship between the WTHD and MiL, and to propose a theoretical model of functional relationships between WTHD, performance status, depression and MiL...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822756/differences-in-psychosocial-and-behavioral-variables-by-dietary-screening-tool-risk-category-in-older-adults
#10
Geoffrey W Greene, Ingrid Lofgren, Chelsea Paulin, Mary L Greaney, Phillip G Clark
BACKGROUND: The Dietary Screening Tool (DST) has been validated as a dietary screening instrument for older adults defining three categories of potential nutritional risk based on DST score cutoffs. Previous research has found that older adults classified as being "at risk" differed from those categorized as being "not at risk" for a limited number of health-related variables. The relationship between risk categories and a wide variety of variables has not yet been explored. This research will contribute to an increased understanding of clustering of multiple health concerns in this population...
August 17, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822709/the-influence-of-antidepressants-on-restless-legs-syndrome-and-periodic-limb-movements-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Bhanu Prakash Kolla, Meghna P Mansukhani, J Michael Bostwick
Restless legs syndrome is commonly co-morbid with medical conditions that are treated with antidepressant medications, such as depression, anxiety, fibromyalgia, and chronic insomnia disorder. Evidence from case reports and cross-sectional studies suggests that antidepressants may induce or worsen restless legs syndrome and increase periodic limb movements. We undertook a systematic review of the literature to identify and collate all prospective studies that measured restless legs syndrome symptoms and/or periodic limb movements following the introduction of an antidepressant...
June 15, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822681/firearm-storage-practices-in-households-of-adolescents-with-and-without-mental-illness
#12
Joseph A Simonetti, Mary Kay Theis, Ali Rowhani-Rahbar, Evette J Ludman, David C Grossman
PURPOSE: Safe firearm storage practices are associated with a lower risk of self-inflicted injury and death. Whether such practices and relevant beliefs differ between households of adolescents with and without mental illness is unknown. METHODS: We used survey and administrative data to perform a two-stage cross-sectional study of parents/guardians of adolescents who were 11-17 years, enrolled in a managed care plan in 2004 and living in a household with a firearm...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822618/the-impact-of-incident-depression-on-medication-adherence-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#13
C Lunghi, A Zongo, J Moisan, J-P Grégoire, L Guénette
BACKGROUND: Depression has been correlated with suboptimal adherence to antidiabetic drugs (ADs). Most studies on this topic were cross-sectional; thus, the directionality of this relationship could not be established. The objective of this study was to measure the association between incident depression and AD nonadherence among newly treated patients with diabetes. METHODS: We performed a population-based cohort study among new AD users using the Quebec public health insurance data...
August 16, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822615/alcohol-use-and-problem-drinking-among-women-firefighters
#14
Christopher K Haddock, Walker S C Poston, Sara A Jahnke, Nattinee Jitnarin
OBJECTIVES: Given high levels of occupational stress and toxic exposures, firefighters have a relatively high prevalence of occupationally related medical and mental health disorders compared with the general public. Previous research found high rates of heavy and binge drinking among male firefighters. This study is the first to examine alcohol use among women firefighters. METHODS: Data were collected as part of a national online survey of women, career firefighters...
August 16, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822591/physical-and-psychological-effects-of-qigong-exercise-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-an-exploratory-study
#15
Pei-Shiun Chang, M Tish Knobf, Byeonsang Oh, Marjorie Funk
Older adults need exercise programs that correspond to age-related changes. The purpose of this study was to explore preliminary effects of an 8-week Qigong exercise intervention on the physical ability, functional and psychological health, and spiritual well-being of community-dwelling older adults. Forty-five community-dwelling adults with the mean age of 74.8 years participated a 1-h Health Qigong exercise session twice weekly for 8 weeks. The majority were female (84%) and white (91%), and lived with their spouse (49%)...
August 16, 2017: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822460/-french-society-for-biological-psychiatry-and-neuropsychopharmacology-and-fondation-fondamental-task-force-formal-consensus-for-the-management-of-treatment-resistant-depression
#16
T Charpeaud, J-B Genty, S Destouches, A Yrondi, S Lancrenon, N Alaïli, F Bellivier, D Bennabi, T Bougerol, V Camus, T D'amato, O Doumy, F Haesebaert, J Holtzmann, C Lançon, M Lefebvre, F Moliere, I Nieto, R Richieri, L Schmitt, F Stephan, G Vaiva, M Walter, M Leboyer, W El-Hage, E Haffen, P-M Llorca, P Courtet, B Aouizerate
Major depression represents among the most frequent psychiatric disorders in the general population with an estimated lifetime prevalence of 16-17%. It is characterized by high levels of comorbidities with other psychiatric conditions or somatic diseases as well as a recurrent or chronic course in 50 to 80% of the cases leading to negative repercussions on the daily functioning, with an impaired quality of life, and to severe direct/indirect costs. Large cohort studies have supported that failure of a first-line antidepressant treatment is observed in more than 60% of patients...
September 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822334/reported-maladaptive-decision-making-in-unipolar-and-bipolar-depression-and-its-change-with-treatment
#17
Lara F Alexander, Alison Oliver, Lauren K Burdine, Yilang Tang, Boadie W Dunlop
Mood disorder patients frequently experience difficulty making decisions and may make sub-optimal decisions with adverse life consequences. However, patients' styles for decision-making when ill and after treatment have received little study to date. We assessed healthy controls (HC, n = 69) and patients with major depressive disorder (MDD, n = 61) or bipolar disorder (BP, n = 26) in a current major depressive episode using the Melbourne Decision-making Questionnaire. A subset of participants was re-evaluated after completing six weeks of pharmacotherapy...
August 9, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822299/avoidance-and-depression-vulnerability-an-examination-of-avoidance-in-remitted-and-currently-depressed-individuals
#18
Leanne Quigley, Alainna Wen, Keith S Dobson
Behavioral theories posit that depression is characterized by heightened levels of avoidance, and recent research has supported this notion. Whether avoidance persists after remission from depression is unknown, however. In this study, we investigated levels of cognitive and behavioral avoidance in remitted, currently, and never depressed individuals. We also examined relationships among avoidance and purported adaptive and maladaptive emotion regulation strategies. Remitted depressed individuals exhibited levels of cognitive and behavioral avoidance, in social and nonsocial domains, that were greater than nonclinical control individuals but lower than currently depressed individuals...
July 27, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822096/retraction-note-to-relationship-between-inflammatory-cytokines-and-risk-of-depression-and-effect-of-depression-on-the-prognosis-of-high-grade-glioma-patients
#19
Jian-Tong Jiao, Jun Sun, Jian-Fen Ma, Min-Chao Dai, Jin Huang, Chen Jiang, Cheng Wang, Chao Cheng, Jun-Fei Shao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 18, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822071/imaging-the-etiology-of-apathy-anxiety-and-depression-in-parkinson-s-disease-implication-for-treatment
#20
REVIEW
Stephane Thobois, Stephane Prange, Véronique Sgambato-Faure, Léon Tremblay, Emmanuel Broussolle
Apathy, depression, and anxiety are among the most important non-motor signs of Parkinson's disease (PD). This may be encountered at early stages of illness and represent a major source of burden. Understanding their pathophysiology is a major prerequisite for efficient therapeutic strategies. Anatomical and metabolic imaging studies have enabled a breakthrough by demonstrating that widespread abnormalities within the limbic circuits notably the orbitofrontal and anterior cingulate cortices, amygdala, thalamus, and ventral striatum are involved in the pathophysiology of depression, anxiety, and apathy in PD...
August 18, 2017: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
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