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cholecystectomy acute pancreatitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752730/limy-bile-syndrome-in-a-dog
#1
V Fabrès, C Layssol-Lamour, P Meynaud-Collard, O Dossin
A 11-year-old spayed female golden retriever was examined because of lethargy, anorexia, vomiting and abdominal pain. Plain abdominal radiography showed a uniform radiopacity of the gallbladder. Ultrasonography demonstrated hyperechoic material in the gallbladder lumen associated with an acoustic shadow and findings consistent with acute pancreatitis. Fine-needle aspiration of the bile revealed bacterial cholecystitis. Following cholecystectomy, it was apparent that the gallbladder was filled with a semi-solid, pasty-like greenish-brown material composed of 80% calcium carbonate, consistent with a diagnosis of 'limy bile'...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736167/mechanisms-and-management-of-acute-pancreatitis
#2
REVIEW
Ari Garber, Catherine Frakes, Zubin Arora, Prabhleen Chahal
Acute pancreatitis represents a disorder characterized by acute necroinflammatory changes of the pancreas and is histologically characterized by acinar cell destruction. Diagnosed clinically with the Revised Atlanta Criteria, and with alcohol and cholelithiasis/choledocholithiasis as the two most prominent antecedents, acute pancreatitis ranks first amongst gastrointestinal diagnoses requiring admission and 21st amongst all diagnoses requiring hospitalization with estimated costs approximating 2.6 billion dollars annually...
2018: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644032/severe-acute-gallstone-pancreatitis-with-diffuse-hemorrhagic-gastritis
#3
Timothy J Harris, William C Beck, Avi Bhavaraju, Benjamin Davis, Mary K Kimbrough, Joseph C Jensen, Anna Privratsky, John R Taylor, Kevin W Sexton
A 67-year-old male presented with acute pancreatitis secondary to gallstones, also known as acute biliary pancreatitis, and subsequently developed gastric outlet obstruction and was transferred to our hospital. A gastro-jejunal feeding tube was placed and an open cholecystectomy was performed. The patient had a pancreatic drain placed for interval increase in pancreatic necrosis and then nearly exsanguinated from gastroduodenal artery pseudoaneurysm bleed. This was managed by coiling the gastroduodenal artery...
March 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602557/colicky-pain-and-related-complications-after-cholecystectomy-for-mild-gallstone-pancreatitis
#4
David W da Costa, Nicolien J Schepers, Stefan A Bouwense, Bob A Hollemans, Eva Doorakkers, Djamila Boerma, Camiel Rosman, Cees H Dejong, Marcel B W Spanier, Hjalmar C van Santvoort, Hein G Gooszen, Marc G Besselink
BACKGROUND: Same-admission cholecystectomy is advised after gallstone pancreatitis to prevent recurrent pancreatitis, colicky pain and other complications, but data on the incidence of symptoms and complications after cholecystectomy are lacking. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study during the previously published randomized controlled PONCHO trial on timing of cholecystectomy after mild gallstone pancreatitis. Data on healthcare consumption and questionnaires focusing on colicky pain and biliary complications were obtained during 6 months after cholecystectomy...
March 27, 2018: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581692/rupture-of-cystic-artery-pseudoaneurysm-a-rare-complication-of-acute-cholecystitis
#5
P R V Praveen Kumar Sunkara, Parth Ketankumar Shah, Kamalesh Rakshit, Shuvro Roy Choudhary, N P Bohidar, Sanjay Kumar Dubey
Pseudoaneurysm (PA) of the cystic artery is rare. Most of the reported cases are iatrogenic and develop secondary to liver biopsy, laparoscopic cholecystectomy, ERCP, and liver transplant. Other reported causes include trauma, malignancy, arteriovenous malformations, and inflammation in the hepatobiliary and pancreatic system. Cystic artery psuedoaneurysm is usually asymptomatic but may also present as vague abdominal pain, intra-abdominal mass, and hemobilia. In the event of rupture, it may present as a catastrophic intra-peritoneal bleeding with hemorrhagic shock...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560664/routine-histopathological-study-of-cholecystectomy-specimens-useful-a-retrospective-study-of-1960-cases
#6
Faten Limaiem, Asma Sassi, Ghofran Talbi, Saâdia Bouraoui, Sabeh Mzabi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Traditionally, a gallbladder removed for presumed benign disease is sent for histopathological examination, but this practice has been the subject of controversy. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the usefulness of routine histopathological examination of cholecystectomy specimens and its impact on the management of patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The histopathological reports of 1960 patients who underwent cholecystectomy from January 2011 to November 2016 were retrospectively reviewed...
July 2017: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547060/interventional-radiology-operated-cholecystoscopy-for-the-management-of-symptomatic-cholelithiasis-approach-technical-success-safety-and-clinical-outcomes
#7
Nishant Patel, Jeffrey Forris Beecham Chick, Joseph J Gemmete, Jordan C Castle, Narasimham Dasika, Wael E Saad, Ravi N Srinivasa
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to report the technique, complications, and clinical outcomes of interventional radiology-operated cholecystoscopy with stone removal for the management of symptomatic cholelithiasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten (77%) men and three (23%) women (mean age, 65 years) with symptomatic cholelithiasis underwent cholecystostomy followed by interventional radiology-operated cholecystoscopy with stone removal. Major comorbidities precluding cholecystectomy included prior cardiac, pulmonary, or abdominal surgery; cirrhosis; sepsis with hyponatremia; seizure disorder; developmental delay; and cholecystoduodenal fistula...
March 16, 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517638/endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-decreases-all-cause-and-pancreatitis-readmissions-in-patients-with-acute-gallstone-pancreatitis-who-do-not-undergo-cholecystectomy-a-nationwide-5-year-analysis
#8
Emad Qayed, Rushikesh Shah, Yara K Haddad
OBJECTIVES: Cholecystectomy is the definitive management of gallstone pancreatitis (GSP). The benefit of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in patients who do not undergo cholecystectomy remains unclear. This study aims to evaluate the effect of ERCP on all-cause and pancreatitis readmissions in GSP. METHODS: Adult hospitalizations for GSP in the 2010-2014 National Readmissions Database were divided into the following 3 groups: (1) no cholecystectomy nor ERCP, (2) no cholecystectomy with ERCP, and (3) cholecystectomy group...
April 2018: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513169/routine-histopathological-study-of-cholecystectomy-specimens-useful-a-retrospective-study-of-1960-cases
#9
F Limaiem, A Sassi, G Talbi, S Bouraoui, S Mzabi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Traditionally, a gallbladder removed for presumed benign disease is sent for histopathological examination, but this practice has been the subject of controversy. The aim of this study was to assess the usefulness of routine histopathological examination of cholecystectomy specimens and its impact on the management of patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: he histopathological reports of 1960 patients who underwent cholecystectomy from January 2011 to November 2016 were retrospectively reviewed...
July 2017: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501782/bile-spillage-as-a-risk-factor-for-surgical-site-infection-after-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-prospective-study-of-1-001-patients
#10
Thomas Peponis, Trine G Eskesen, Tomaz Mesar, Noelle Saillant, Haytham M A Kaafarani, D Dante Yeh, Peter J Fagenholz, Marc A de Moya, David R King, George C Velmahos
BACKGROUND: Bile spillage (BS) occurs frequently during laparoscopic cholecystectomy, yet its impact on postoperative outcomes remains unknown. We hypothesized that BS increases the risk of surgical site infections (SSI) after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. STUDY DESIGN: Patients older than 18, who were admitted to an academic hospital for a laparoscopic (or laparoscopic converted to open) cholecystectomy, from May 2010 to March 2017, were prospectively included...
March 2, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462081/the-opioid-epidemic-in-acute-care-surgery-characteristics-of-overprescribing-following-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#11
Kristine T Hanson, Cornelius A Thiels, Stephanie F Polites, Halena M Gazelka, Mohamed D Ray-Zack, Martin D Zielinski, Elizabeth B Habermann
BACKGROUND: Postoperative prescribing following acute care surgery must be optimized to limit excess opioids in circulation as misuse and diversion are frequently preceded by a prescription for acute pain. This study aimed to identify patient characteristics associated with higher opioid prescribing following laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). METHODS: Among patients age ≥18 years who underwent LC at a single institution 2014-2016, opioids prescribed at discharge were converted to oral morphine equivalents (OME) and compared to developing state guidelines (max 200 OME)...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399891/hybrid-procedure-combining-endoscopic-gallbladder-lavage-and-internal-drainage-with-elective-cholecystectomy-for-acute-cholecystitis-a-prospective-pilot-study-the-blade-study
#12
Shinpei Doi, Ichiro Yasuda, Masatoshi Mabuchi, Keisuke Iwata, Nobuhiro Ando, Takuji Iwashita, Shinya Uemura, Mitsuru Okuno, Tsuyoshi Mukai, Seiji Adachi, Keizo Taniguchi
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Percutaneous transhepatic drainage is the most common method for non-operative gallbladder drainage, but the technique does have several disadvantages because of its invasive nature and requirement for continuous drainage. To overcome these disadvantages, we developed a novel procedure, endoscopic gallbladder lavage followed by stent placement, carried out in a single endoscopic session. Our aim was to prospectively evaluate the efficacy and safety of this procedure in patients with acute cholecystitis...
February 5, 2018: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311029/recurrent-biliary-acute-pancreatitis-is-frequent-in-a-real-world-setting
#13
Serena Stigliano, Flaminia Belisario, Matteo Piciucchi, Marianna Signoretti, Gianfranco Delle Fave, Gabriele Capurso
BACKGROUND: Data about recurrent acute pancreatitis (RAP) are limited. AIMS: To evaluate the rate of RAP and associated factors. METHODS: Single-centre prospective study of consecutive patients at first episode of acute pancreatitis (AP) being followed-up. RESULTS: Of 266 consecutive AP patients, (47% biliary, 15.4% alcoholic, 14.3% idiopathic) 66 (24.8%) had RAP in a mean follow-up of 42 months; 17.9% of recurrences occurred within 30 days from discharge...
March 2018: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217901/xanthogranulomatous-cholecystitis-analysis-of-108-patients
#14
Osman Yucel, Mehmet Ali Uzun, Metin Tilki, Sevcan Alkan, Zeynep Gamze Kilicoglu, Ceren Canbey Goret
The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiological features of xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis (XGC) and the results of surgical treatment. This retrospective study concerns clinical, radiological, and surgical data as well as histopathological findings and postoperative results of 108 patients with XGC who were identified after evaluating 7916 cholecystectomy specimens between 2004 and 2014 in a single institute. One hundred eight patients with XGC were evaluated (56 males and 52 females, mean age 62...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215631/which-patients-with-mild-acute-pancreatitis-require-prolonged-hospitalization
#15
Harkirat Singh, Amir Gougol, Rawad Mounzer, Dhiraj Yadav, Efstratios Koutroumpakis, Adam Slivka, David C Whitcomb, Georgios I Papachristou
OBJECTIVES: In our experience, a subset of mild acute pancreatitis (AP) patients, as defined by the Revised Atlanta Classification, has longer than expected hospitalization. Our aims are to report the prevalence of patients with mild AP who have a prolonged length of stay (LOS), evaluate the etiology, thoroughly phenotype, and finally compare this subset to those with expected LOS. METHODS: Patients admitted with AP from 2003 to 2015 were prospectively enrolled into this cohort study...
December 7, 2017: Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215534/incidence-and-predictors-of-readmissions-in-acute-pancreatitis-a-nationwide-analysis
#16
Sushil Kumar Garg, James P Campbell, Chimaobi Anugwom, Vaibhav Wadhwa, Rajeshwar Singh, Nancy Gupta, Madhusudhan R Sanaka
OBJECTIVES: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a common cause for hospitalization, and readmission is common, with variable associated risk factors for readmission. Here, we assessed the incidence and risk factors for readmission in AP in a large national database. METHODS: We analyzed data from the National Readmission Database during the year 2013. Index admissions with a primary discharge diagnosis of AP using the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification were identified from January to November to identify 30-day readmission rates...
January 2018: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136995/reply-to-effect-of-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-after-idiopathic-acute-pancreatitis-may-be-overestimated
#17
LETTER
Hannu Paajanen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136994/effect-of-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-after-idiopathic-acute-pancreatitis-may-be-overestimated
#18
LETTER
Panu Mentula
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132521/gallbladder-dysfunction-cholecystitis-choledocholithiasis-cholangitis-and-biliary-dyskinesia
#19
REVIEW
Thad Wilkins, Edward Agabin, Jason Varghese, Asif Talukder
The prevalence of gallstones is 10% to 15% in adults. Individuals with acute cholecystitis present with right upper quadrant pain, fever, and leukocytosis. Management includes supportive care and cholecystectomy. The prevalence of choledocholithiasis is 10% to 20%, and serious complications include cholangitis and gallstone pancreatitis. The goal of management in individuals with choledocholithiasis consists of clearing common bile duct stones. Acute ascending cholangitis is a life-threatening condition involving acute inflammation and infection of the common bile duct...
December 2017: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115652/early-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-following-acute-biliary-pancreatitis-expedites-recovery
#20
Seracettin Eğin, Metin Yeşiltaş, Berk Gökçek, Hakan Tezer, Servet Rüştü Karahan
BACKGROUND: In this retrospective study, we aimed to assess the reliability of early cholecystectomy, risk of recurrent biliary pancreatitis, and their effects on hospital length of stay and morbidity by comparing the results of early and late laparoscopic cholecystectomy in patients with acute biliary pancreatitis. METHODS: A total of 131 patients, who were diagnosed with acute biliary pancreatitis at Okmeydanı Education and Research Hospital in January 2009-December 2012, were included in the study...
November 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
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