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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913087/a-case-of-multiple-empyema-caused-by-streptococcus-intermedius
#1
Akihito Kaga, Ryuzaburo Higo, Hiroshi Yoshikawa, Naoko Yokoi, Takuo Haruyama, Hiroaki Komatsu, Ayumi Yabe, Takeshi Kusunoki, Katsuhisa Ikeda
We report the case of a patient with multiple empyema present throughout his body, including chronic sinusitis and chronic suppurative otitis media, as well as subsequent epidural empyema, all caused by Streptococcus intermedius. A 38-year-old man presented with chief complaints of headache, left ear discharge, and nasal congestion. Imaging studies revealed pansinusitis, soft tissue signs in the mastoid cells, and otitis media. The patient was treated with meropenem hydrate, 6g/day. While clinical findings indicated improvement of the sinusitis, his headache did not improve...
November 29, 2016: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888079/neglected-recurrent-scalp-sinus-calvarial-tuberculosis-with-intracrnial-and-extracranial-extension
#2
Krishnamurthy B Holeppagol, Biswaranjan N Nayak, Ram Kumar K Goyal, Arunkumar K Kumar, Prafulla K Sahoo, Debabrata B Biswal
INTRODUCTION: Calvarial Tuberculosis with intracranial tuberculoma and skin involvement is rare condition even in endemic regions. CASE PRESENTATION: We herein describe an adult male patient presenting with generalized seizure ,altered mental state, scalp swelling and pus discharging sinus over scalp .MRI brain gave conflicting diagnosis of Anaplastic menigiomas /chronic osteomyelitis with intra cranial extension .Debridement and drainage of intracranial pus was done...
November 22, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833869/role-of-anatomic-variations-of-uncinate-process-in-frontal-sinusitis
#3
Mohit Srivastava, Sushant Tyagi
The osteomeatal complex plays an important role in the development of Chronic rhinosinusitis. The ethmoidal infundibulum is bordered medially by the uncinate process, and the anatomic relationship between the ethmoidal infundibulum and the frontal recess may depend upon the types of attachment of the uncinate process. The osteomeatal complex is the main area targeted in chronic rhinosinusitis and within it uncinate process is the first anatomical structure encountered. The aim of this study was to evaluate the types of attachment of the uncinate process and its implications in the development of sinus inflammation...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787535/association-of-recurrence-of-infected-congenital-preauricular-cysts-following-incision-and-drainage-vs-fine-needle-aspiration-or-antibiotic-treatment-a-retrospective-review-of-treatment-options
#4
Holly Rataiczak, Jennifer Lavin, Michelle Levy, Joshua Bedwell, Diego Preciado, Brian K Reilly
Importance: Treatment modalities for preauricular sinus tract infections vary.  Effort should be taken to decrease methods that lead to increased recurrence after surgical excision. Objective: To determine whether incision and drainage (I & D) of infected congenital preauricular cysts is associated with increased rate of recurrence when compared with fine-needle aspiration or antibiotic treatment. Design, Setting, and Participants: This was a 9-year (2006-2014) retrospective cohort study undertaken at a tertiary care pediatric hospital...
October 27, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27466857/advances-in-surgery-extended-procedures-for-sinonasal-polyp-disease
#5
Jessica E Southwood, Todd A Loehrl, David M Poetker
In the standard functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) procedure, the amount of dissection is often determined by the extent of disease with the goal to preserve as much normal mucosa as possible while restoring ventilation and reestablishing mucociliary clearance. A subset of patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP), however, may continue to have persistent mucosal inflammatory and aggressive polyp regrowth despite standard FESS and maximal pharmacology therapy, leading to recurrent and recalcitrant disease...
2016: Advances in Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27456595/association-of-oral-flora-with-orbital-complications-of-acute-sinusitis
#6
Juliette O Flam, Michael P Platt, Rachel Sobel, Anand K Devaiah, Christopher D Brook
BACKGROUND: Acute and chronic sinusitis in children and adults can spread to the orbit. Oral flora has been seen in orbital infections, but the extent of synergy between pathogens in such infections remains unknown. METHODS: A retrospective case series of patients with complicated sinusitis that involved the orbit from acute sinusitis who were admitted to a tertiary care hospital from January 2000 to December 2014 and who had surgical cultures obtained. Patients were identified by the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision code for periorbital cellulitis, subperiosteal abscess, or orbital abscess...
July 2016: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27127712/intracranial-dural-arteriovenous-fistula-as-a-cause-for-symptomatic-superficial-siderosis-a-report-of-two-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Griffin R Baum, Nefize Turan, Ferdinando S Buonanno, Gustavo Pradilla, Raul G Nogueira
BACKGROUND: Superficial siderosis (SS) is the occult deposition of hemosiderin within the cerebral cortex due to repeat microhemorrhages within the central nervous system. The collection of hemosiderin within the pia and superficial cortical surface can lead to injury to the nervous tissue. The most common presentation is occult sensorineural hearing loss although many patients have been misdiagnosed with diseases such as multiple sclerosis and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis before being diagnosed with SS...
2016: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27056032/cardiac-veins-collateral-venous-drainage-pathways-in-chronic-hemodialysis-patients
#8
Evrim Ozmen, Oktay Algin
Venous anomalies are diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. Subclavian or superior vena cava stenosis can be developed and venous return can be achieved via cardiac veins and coronary sinus in patients with central venous catheter for long-term hemodialysis. These types of abnormalities are not extremely rare especially in patients with a history of central venous catheter placement. Detection of these anomalies and subclavian vein stenosis before the surgical creation of hemodialysis fistulae or tunneled central venous catheter placement may prevent unnecessary interventions in those patients...
2016: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27051549/chronic-osteomyelitis-of-clavicle-in-a-neonate-report-of-morbid-complication-of-adjoining-mrsa-abscess
#9
Shishir Murugharaj Suranigi, Manoj Joshi, Pascal Noel Deniese, Kanagasabai Rangasamy, Syed Najimudeen, James J Gnanadoss
Osteomyelitis of clavicle is rare in neonates. Acute osteomyelitis of clavicle accounts for less than 3% of all osteomyelitis cases. It may occur due to contiguous spread, due to hematogenous spread, or secondary to subclavian catheterization. Chronic osteomyelitis may occur as a complication of residual adjoining abscess due to methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) sepsis. We report a newborn female with right shoulder abscess that developed chronic clavicular osteomyelitis in follow-up period after drainage...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27010300/sinusitis-bronchiectasis-and-flatus-in-a-sumatran-orangutan-pongo-abelii-could-this-be-cystic-fibrosis
#10
Elizabeth Stringer, Cindy Cossaboon, Sushan Han, Jennifer L Taylor-Cousar
A 31-yr-old male Sumatran orangutan (Pongo abelii) presented with 14 yr of chronic purulent nasal drainage and cough with intermittent exacerbation of symptoms requiring systemic antibiotic treatment. He was diagnosed with a cystic fibrosis (CF)-like condition. Evaluation consisted of bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage, culture, and computed tomography scanning of the sinuses and chest. Although the presence of low fecal elastase activity increased the suspicion for a diagnosis of CF, pilocarpine iontophoresis with sweat collection and analysis ("sweat testing") was inconclusive...
March 2016: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26972833/value-of-septoturbinal-flap-in-the-frontal-sinus-drill-out-type-iib-according-to-draf
#11
Francesca Romana Fiorini, Claudia Nogueira, Benjamin Verillaud, Anshul Sama, Philippe Herman
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The Draf IIb aims at widening the frontal sinus drainage in a minimally invasive fashion. However, this technique is associated with a high stenosis rate. Hence, local nasal flaps have been recently introduced or designed to speed up mucosal healing and prevent scarring. STUDY DESIGN: The objective of this study was to present the septoturbinal flap (STF), its use in a Draf IIb, and to examine postoperative outcomes of this procedure. METHODS: From an initial pool of 48 patients with frontal sinus disease to be treated with a Draf IIb, we prospectively selected 46 (95...
March 12, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26920424/blood-brain-barrier-and-blood-cerebrospinal-fluid-barrier-in-normal-and-pathological-conditions
#12
Masaki Ueno, Yoichi Chiba, Ryuta Murakami, Koichi Matsumoto, Machi Kawauchi, Ryuji Fujihara
Blood-borne substances can invade into the extracellular spaces of the brain via endothelial cells in sites without the blood-brain barrier (BBB), and can travel through the interstitial fluid (ISF) of the brain parenchyma adjacent to non-BBB sites. It has been shown that cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) drains directly into the blood via the arachnoid villi and also into lymph nodes via the subarachnoid spaces of the brain, while ISF drains into the cervical lymph nodes through perivascular drainage pathways. In addition, the glymphatic pathway of fluids, characterized by para-arterial pathways, aquaporin4-dependent passage through astroglial cytoplasm, interstitial spaces, and paravenous routes, has been established...
April 2016: Brain Tumor Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26862502/clinical-spectrum-of-primary-ciliary-dyskinesia-in-childhood
#13
REVIEW
Andrew Fretzayas, Maria Moustaki
Although the triad of bronchiectasis, sinusitis and situs inversus was first described by Kartagener in 1933, the clinical spectrum of primary ciliary dyskinesia is still under investigation. Heterotaxy defects as well as upper and lower respiratory tract symptoms are the main manifestations in childhood. It is now recognized that situs inversus is encountered in only half of patients. The first lower respiratory symptoms may be present from infancy as neonatal respiratory distress. The most common lower airway manifestations are chronic wet cough, recurrent pneumonia and therapy resistant wheezing...
February 8, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26716038/partial-esophagogastrostomy-with-esophagogastric-anastomosis-below-the-aortic-arch-in-cardiac-carcinoma-characteristics-and-treatment-of-postoperative-anastomotic-leakage
#14
Bin Qiu, Feiyue Feng, Shugeng Gao
BACKGROUND: Anastomotic leakage is a severe and common complication for surgeries of cardiac cancer. Here we explore the clinical features, diagnosis, and treatment strategies of anastomotic leakage in cardiac carcinoma patients after esophagogastric anastomosis. METHODS: From January 2009 to December 2013, 1,196 patients with cardiac carcinoma underwent esophagectomy and esophagogastric anastomosis in Cancer Hospital, Peking Union Medical College & Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences...
November 2015: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26661071/hyaluronan-synthases-and-hyaluronidases-in-nasal-polyps
#15
T Panogeorgou, E Tserbini, S Filou, D H Vynios, S S Naxakis, T A Papadas, P D Goumas, N S Mastronikolis
Nasal polyps (NPs) are benign lesions of nasal and paranasal sinuses mucosa affecting 1-4 % of all adults. Nasal polyposis affects the quality of patient's life as it causes nasal obstruction, postnasal drainage, purulent nasal discharge, hyposmia or anosmia, chronic sinusitis, facial pain and snoring. Without treatment, the disease can alter the craniofacial skeleton in cases of extended growth of polyps. The development of NPs is caused by the hyperplasia of nasal or paranasal sinuses mucosa, and edema of extracellular matrix...
July 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26657988/the-influence-of-dreinage-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-pilonidal-sinus-disease-using-midline-closure
#16
Nikica Šutalo, Martina Šoljić, Davor Kozomara, Joško Petričević, Daniela Bevanda Glibo, Ante Bošnjak, Vjekoslav Čuljak
Unsatisfactory postsurgical end results in the treatment of chronic pilonidal sinus disease caused by long term healing, pain, inconvenience and recurrences of the lesion still remain problem after various surgical techniques have been described and used. This study was designed to show results of several aspects of midline closure technique with respect for surgical complications, hospitalization length and recurrence. This study included 90 patients with pilonidal sinus treated by surgery with midline closure at the department of General surgery of Clinical Hospital Mostar between January 2004 and January 2009...
December 2015: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26652093/frequency-of-bacterial-agents-isolated-from-patients-with-chronic-sinusitis-in-northern-iran
#17
Rostam Pourmousa, Roksana Dadashzadeh, Fatemeh Ahangarkani, Mohammad Sadegh Rezai
BACKGROUND: Sinusitis is a disease with significant health problems. Diagnosis of sinusitis is clinical. The golden standard for detection of microorganisms that cause sinusitis is the culture of sinus drainage discharge. OBJECTIVES: Due to the high prevalence of sinusitis in Iran, especially in Mazandaran province, in this study, bacteriological survey of patients with chronic sinusitis were done in order to help physicians in choosing better antibiotics for the empiric therapy of sinusitis...
2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26623235/borderline-intracranial-hypertension-manifesting-as-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-treated-by-venous-sinus-stenting
#18
Nicholas Higgins, John Pickard, Andrew Lever
Chronic fatigue syndrome and cases of idiopathic intracranial hypertension without signs of raised intracranial pressure can be impossible to distinguish without direct measurement of intracranial pressure. Moreover, lumbar puncture, the usual method of measuring intracranial pressure, can produce a similar respite from symptoms in patients with chronic fatigue as it does in idiopathic intracranial hypertension. This suggests a connection between them, with chronic fatigue syndrome representing a forme fruste variant of idiopathic intracranial hypertension...
November 2015: Journal of Neurological Surgery Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26601560/an-isolated-intracranial-mucocoele-herniated-from-the-frontal-sinus
#19
K L Huang, C C Huang, T J Lee, C C Huang
Mucocoeles are chronic mucosa-lined retention cysts that occur due to sinus ostium obstruction and expand along the path of least resistance, most commonly involving the frontal sinus. A frontal mucocoele typically appears as a smooth and rounded expansile enlargement of a completely opacified frontal sinus, with or without thinning of the bony wall of the sinus. Here we report a rare case of isolated intracranial mucocoele that presented with posterior herniation to the anterior cranial fossa through a small bony defect on the posterior table of the frontal sinus...
2015: B-ENT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26585864/anatomical-and-histological-study-of-the-dorsal-and-ventral-nasal-conchal-bullae-in-normal-horses
#20
T J Froydenlund, P M Dixon, S H Smith, R J M Reardon
The morphology of the dorsal conchal bulla (DCB) and ventral conchal bulla (VCB) are poorly described. The recent recognition that these bullae can become infected, causing chronic unilateral nasal discharge, has stimulated interest in these structures. Fourteen cadaveric horse heads were transected sagittally midline and dissected to expose the nasal conchal bullae. The dimensions of each bulla, the number and orientation of drainage apertures, and cellulae septae were recorded. Randomly selected samples were examined histologically...
November 28, 2015: Veterinary Record
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