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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241848/yellow-nail-syndrome-a-review
#1
REVIEW
Stéphane Vignes, Robert Baran
Yellow nail syndrome (YNS; OMIM 153300, ORPHA662) is a very rare disorder that almost always occurs after 50 years of age but a juvenile or familial form has also been observed. YNS is diagnosed based on a triad associating yellow nail discoloration, pulmonary manifestations (chronic cough, bronchiectasia, pleural effusion) and lower limb lymphedema. Chronic sinusitis is frequently associated with the triad. YNS etiology remains unknown but a role of lymphatic impairment is usually evoked. YNS is more frequently isolated but may be associated in rare cases with autoimmune diseases, other clinical manifestations implicating lymphatic functions or cancer and, hence, is also considered a paraneoplastic syndrome...
February 27, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163275/blindness-associated-with-nasal-paranasal-lymphoma-in-a-stallion
#2
Yuto Sano, Minoru Okamoto, Youhei Ootsuka, Kazuya Matsuda, Shigeki Yusa, Hiroyuki Taniyama
A 29-year-old stallion presented with bilateral blindness following the chronic purulent nasal drainage. The mass occupied the right caudal nasal cavity and right paranasal sinuses including maxillary, palatine and sphenoidal sinuses, and the right-side turbinal and paranasal septal bones, and cribriform plate of ethmoid bone were destructively replaced by the mass growth. The right optic nerve was invaded and involved by the mass, and the left optic nerve and optic chiasm were compressed by the mass which was extended and invaded the skull base...
February 5, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114687/endoscopic-septotomy-an-effective-approach-for-internal-drainage-of-sleeve-gastrectomy-associated-collections
#3
Srihari Mahadev, Vivek Kumbhari, Josemberg M Campos, Manoel Galvao Neto, Mouen A Khashab, Yamile Haito Chavez, Marc Bessler, Tamas A Gonda
Background and study aims Staple-line leaks occur in 1 % - 7 % of patients who undergo sleeve gastrectomy, and can be challenging to treat. The success of endoscopic approaches decreases as leaks develop into chronic sinus tracts. Endoscopic septotomy has been used to facilitate healing of refractory leaks by incision and enlargement of the tract to allow direct communication with the gastric lumen and internal drainage. Patients and methods We reviewed the technique and outcomes among patients who underwent endoscopic septotomy at two centers for the management of sleeve gastrectomy-associated gastric fistulas and perigastric collections refractory to occlusive endoscopic therapies...
January 23, 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004527/efficacy-of-balloon-sinuplasty-in-treatment-of-frontal-rhinosinusitis-a-prospective-study-in-sixty-patients
#4
LETTER
P F Bowles, S Agrawal, M A Salam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 22, 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934790/abdomino-endoscopic-perineal-excision-of-the-rectum-for-benign-and-malignant-pathology-technique-considerations-for-true-transperineal-verus-transanal-total-mesorectal-excision-endoscopic-proctectomy
#5
Hazar Al Furajii, Niall Kennedy, Ronan A Cahill
PURPOSE: Transanal minimally invasive surgery using single port instrumentation is now well described for the performance of total mesorectal excision with restorative colorectal/anal anastomosis most-often in conjunction with transabdominal multiport assistance. While non-restorative abdomino-endoscopic perineal excision of the anorectum is conceptually similar, it has been less detailed in the literature. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing non-restorative ano-proctectomy including a transperineal endoscopic component were analysed...
January 2017: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913087/a-case-of-multiple-empyema-caused-by-streptococcus-intermedius
#6
Akihito Kaga, Ryuzaburo Higo, Hiroshi Yoshikawa, Naoko Yokoi, Takuo Haruyama, Hiroaki Komatsu, Ayumi Yabe, Takeshi Kusunoki, Katsuhisa Ikeda
We report the case of a patient with multiple empyema present throughout his body, including chronic sinusitis and chronic suppurative otitis media, as well as subsequent epidural empyema, all caused by Streptococcus intermedius. A 38-year-old man presented with chief complaints of headache, left ear discharge, and nasal congestion. Imaging studies revealed pansinusitis, soft tissue signs in the mastoid cells, and otitis media. The patient was treated with meropenem hydrate, 6g/day. While clinical findings indicated improvement of the sinusitis, his headache did not improve...
November 29, 2016: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888079/neglected-recurrent-scalp-sinus-calvarial-tuberculosis-with-intracranial-and-extracranial-extension
#7
Krishnamurthy B Holeppagol, Biswaranjan N Nayak, Ram Kumar K Goyal, Arunkumar K Kumar, Prafulla K Sahoo, Debabrat Biswal
BACKGROUND: Calvarial tuberculosis (TB) with intracranial tuberculoma and skin involvement is rare condition even in endemic regions. CASE PRESENTATION: A 43-year-old man presented with a generalized seizure, altered mental state, scalp swelling, and pus-discharging sinus over the scalp. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain indicated a conflicting diagnosis of anaplastic meningiomas and chronic osteomyelitis with intracranial extension. Débridement and drainage of intracranial pus was performed...
February 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833869/role-of-anatomic-variations-of-uncinate-process-in-frontal-sinusitis
#8
Mohit Srivastava, Sushant Tyagi
The osteomeatal complex plays an important role in the development of Chronic rhinosinusitis. The ethmoidal infundibulum is bordered medially by the uncinate process, and the anatomic relationship between the ethmoidal infundibulum and the frontal recess may depend upon the types of attachment of the uncinate process. The osteomeatal complex is the main area targeted in chronic rhinosinusitis and within it uncinate process is the first anatomical structure encountered. The aim of this study was to evaluate the types of attachment of the uncinate process and its implications in the development of sinus inflammation...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787535/association-of-recurrence-of-infected-congenital-preauricular-cysts-following-incision-and-drainage-vs-fine-needle-aspiration-or-antibiotic-treatment-a-retrospective-review-of-treatment-options
#9
Holly Rataiczak, Jennifer Lavin, Michelle Levy, Joshua Bedwell, Diego Preciado, Brian K Reilly
Importance: Treatment modalities for preauricular sinus tract infections vary.  Effort should be taken to decrease methods that lead to increased recurrence after surgical excision. Objective: To determine whether incision and drainage (I & D) of infected congenital preauricular cysts is associated with increased rate of recurrence when compared with fine-needle aspiration or antibiotic treatment. Design, Setting, and Participants: This was a 9-year (2006-2014) retrospective cohort study undertaken at a tertiary care pediatric hospital...
February 1, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27466857/advances-in-surgery-extended-procedures-for-sinonasal-polyp-disease
#10
REVIEW
Jessica E Southwood, Todd A Loehrl, David M Poetker
In the standard functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) procedure, the amount of dissection is often determined by the extent of disease with the goal to preserve as much normal mucosa as possible while restoring ventilation and reestablishing mucociliary clearance. A subset of patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP), however, may continue to have persistent mucosal inflammatory and aggressive polyp regrowth despite standard FESS and maximal pharmacology therapy, leading to recurrent and recalcitrant disease...
2016: Advances in Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27456595/association-of-oral-flora-with-orbital-complications-of-acute-sinusitis
#11
Juliette O Flam, Michael P Platt, Rachel Sobel, Anand K Devaiah, Christopher D Brook
BACKGROUND: Acute and chronic sinusitis in children and adults can spread to the orbit. Oral flora has been seen in orbital infections, but the extent of synergy between pathogens in such infections remains unknown. METHODS: A retrospective case series of patients with complicated sinusitis that involved the orbit from acute sinusitis who were admitted to a tertiary care hospital from January 2000 to December 2014 and who had surgical cultures obtained. Patients were identified by the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision code for periorbital cellulitis, subperiosteal abscess, or orbital abscess...
July 2016: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27127712/intracranial-dural-arteriovenous-fistula-as-a-cause-for-symptomatic-superficial-siderosis-a-report-of-two-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#12
Griffin R Baum, Nefize Turan, Ferdinando S Buonanno, Gustavo Pradilla, Raul G Nogueira
BACKGROUND: Superficial siderosis (SS) is the occult deposition of hemosiderin within the cerebral cortex due to repeat microhemorrhages within the central nervous system. The collection of hemosiderin within the pia and superficial cortical surface can lead to injury to the nervous tissue. The most common presentation is occult sensorineural hearing loss although many patients have been misdiagnosed with diseases such as multiple sclerosis and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis before being diagnosed with SS...
2016: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27056032/cardiac-veins-collateral-venous-drainage-pathways-in-chronic-hemodialysis-patients
#13
Evrim Ozmen, Oktay Algin
Venous anomalies are diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. Subclavian or superior vena cava stenosis can be developed and venous return can be achieved via cardiac veins and coronary sinus in patients with central venous catheter for long-term hemodialysis. These types of abnormalities are not extremely rare especially in patients with a history of central venous catheter placement. Detection of these anomalies and subclavian vein stenosis before the surgical creation of hemodialysis fistulae or tunneled central venous catheter placement may prevent unnecessary interventions in those patients...
July 12, 2016: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27051549/chronic-osteomyelitis-of-clavicle-in-a-neonate-report-of-morbid-complication-of-adjoining-mrsa-abscess
#14
Shishir Murugharaj Suranigi, Manoj Joshi, Pascal Noel Deniese, Kanagasabai Rangasamy, Syed Najimudeen, James J Gnanadoss
Osteomyelitis of clavicle is rare in neonates. Acute osteomyelitis of clavicle accounts for less than 3% of all osteomyelitis cases. It may occur due to contiguous spread, due to hematogenous spread, or secondary to subclavian catheterization. Chronic osteomyelitis may occur as a complication of residual adjoining abscess due to methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) sepsis. We report a newborn female with right shoulder abscess that developed chronic clavicular osteomyelitis in follow-up period after drainage...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27010300/sinusitis-bronchiectasis-and-flatus-in-a-sumatran-orangutan-pongo-abelii-could-this-be-cystic-fibrosis
#15
Elizabeth Stringer, Cindy Cossaboon, Sushan Han, Jennifer L Taylor-Cousar
A 31-yr-old male Sumatran orangutan (Pongo abelii) presented with 14 yr of chronic purulent nasal drainage and cough with intermittent exacerbation of symptoms requiring systemic antibiotic treatment. He was diagnosed with a cystic fibrosis (CF)-like condition. Evaluation consisted of bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage, culture, and computed tomography scanning of the sinuses and chest. Although the presence of low fecal elastase activity increased the suspicion for a diagnosis of CF, pilocarpine iontophoresis with sweat collection and analysis ("sweat testing") was inconclusive...
March 2016: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26972833/value-of-septoturbinal-flap-in-the-frontal-sinus-drill-out-type-iib-according-to-draf
#16
Francesca Romana Fiorini, Claudia Nogueira, Benjamin Verillaud, Anshul Sama, Philippe Herman
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The Draf IIb aims at widening the frontal sinus drainage in a minimally invasive fashion. However, this technique is associated with a high stenosis rate. Hence, local nasal flaps have been recently introduced or designed to speed up mucosal healing and prevent scarring. STUDY DESIGN: The objective of this study was to present the septoturbinal flap (STF), its use in a Draf IIb, and to examine postoperative outcomes of this procedure. METHODS: From an initial pool of 48 patients with frontal sinus disease to be treated with a Draf IIb, we prospectively selected 46 (95...
November 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26920424/blood-brain-barrier-and-blood-cerebrospinal-fluid-barrier-in-normal-and-pathological-conditions
#17
REVIEW
Masaki Ueno, Yoichi Chiba, Ryuta Murakami, Koichi Matsumoto, Machi Kawauchi, Ryuji Fujihara
Blood-borne substances can invade into the extracellular spaces of the brain via endothelial cells in sites without the blood-brain barrier (BBB), and can travel through the interstitial fluid (ISF) of the brain parenchyma adjacent to non-BBB sites. It has been shown that cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) drains directly into the blood via the arachnoid villi and also into lymph nodes via the subarachnoid spaces of the brain, while ISF drains into the cervical lymph nodes through perivascular drainage pathways. In addition, the glymphatic pathway of fluids, characterized by para-arterial pathways, aquaporin4-dependent passage through astroglial cytoplasm, interstitial spaces, and paravenous routes, has been established...
April 2016: Brain Tumor Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26862502/clinical-spectrum-of-primary-ciliary-dyskinesia-in-childhood
#18
REVIEW
Andrew Fretzayas, Maria Moustaki
Although the triad of bronchiectasis, sinusitis and situs inversus was first described by Kartagener in 1933, the clinical spectrum of primary ciliary dyskinesia is still under investigation. Heterotaxy defects as well as upper and lower respiratory tract symptoms are the main manifestations in childhood. It is now recognized that situs inversus is encountered in only half of patients. The first lower respiratory symptoms may be present from infancy as neonatal respiratory distress. The most common lower airway manifestations are chronic wet cough, recurrent pneumonia and therapy resistant wheezing...
February 8, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26716038/partial-esophagogastrostomy-with-esophagogastric-anastomosis-below-the-aortic-arch-in-cardiac-carcinoma-characteristics-and-treatment-of-postoperative-anastomotic-leakage
#19
Bin Qiu, Feiyue Feng, Shugeng Gao
BACKGROUND: Anastomotic leakage is a severe and common complication for surgeries of cardiac cancer. Here we explore the clinical features, diagnosis, and treatment strategies of anastomotic leakage in cardiac carcinoma patients after esophagogastric anastomosis. METHODS: From January 2009 to December 2013, 1,196 patients with cardiac carcinoma underwent esophagectomy and esophagogastric anastomosis in Cancer Hospital, Peking Union Medical College & Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences...
November 2015: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26661071/hyaluronan-synthases-and-hyaluronidases-in-nasal-polyps
#20
T Panogeorgou, E Tserbini, S Filou, D H Vynios, S S Naxakis, T A Papadas, P D Goumas, N S Mastronikolis
Nasal polyps (NPs) are benign lesions of nasal and paranasal sinuses mucosa affecting 1-4 % of all adults. Nasal polyposis affects the quality of patient's life as it causes nasal obstruction, postnasal drainage, purulent nasal discharge, hyposmia or anosmia, chronic sinusitis, facial pain and snoring. Without treatment, the disease can alter the craniofacial skeleton in cases of extended growth of polyps. The development of NPs is caused by the hyperplasia of nasal or paranasal sinuses mucosa, and edema of extracellular matrix...
July 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
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