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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150990/prevalence-of-dry-eye-disease-and-its-association-with-dyslipidemia
#1
Krishnamoorthy Rathnakumar, Kaliaperumal Ramachandran, Durairaj Baba, Venkatachalam Ramesh, Velusamy Anebaracy, Ramachandran Vidhya, Rajamanickam Vinothkumar, Ramamurthy Poovitha, Rajagopalan Geetha
BACKGROUND: Dry eye disease (DED) is a common ocular surface disease significantly affecting the quality of life of patients. The aim of our study is to focus on the prevalence of DED and to determine the relationship between dyslipidemia and DED. METHODS: The study was performed with the age group of 25-70 years, who attended the ophthalmology outpatient department at Sri Lakshmi Narayana Institute of Medical Sciences with complaints of dry eye. A standard questionnaire was taken, and tear film tests were performed to diagnose dry eye...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150980/adjuvant-radiotherapy-in-sinonasal-mucosal-melanoma-a-retrospective-analysis
#2
Coosje J I Caspers, Emilie A C Dronkers, Dominiek Monserez, Marjan H Wieringa, Robert J Baatenburg de Jong, Jose A U Hardillo
OBJECTIVES: Evaluation of outcome after curative treatment for sinonasal mucosal melanoma, focused on the effect of adjuvant radiotherapy on recurrence and survival. DESIGN: Retrospective chart analysis. SETTING: Tertiary referral hospital. PARTICIPANTS: 51 patients with primary sinonasal mucosal melanoma who underwent surgical resection with curative intention between 1980 and 2016 at Erasmus Medical Center Rotterdam...
November 18, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150135/effect-of-different-resin-luting-cements-on-the-marginal-fit-of-lithium-disilicate-pressed-crowns
#3
Radek Mounajjed, Thomas J Salinas, Tomas Ingr, Basel Azar
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The vertical marginal discrepancy of restorations can increase upon cementation, and poor marginal fit can lead to cement dissolution, marginal discoloration, microleakage, and secondary caries. The amount of increase is related to the type of luting cement used, but how lithium disilicate pressed crowns are affected by different resin cements is unclear. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to compare the effect of using different resin luting cements on the vertical marginal discrepancy of lithium disilicate pressed crowns...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150027/tailored-resections-in-oral-and-oropharyngeal-cancer-using-narrow-band-imaging
#4
Giancarlo Tirelli, Marco Piovesana, Alberto Vito Marcuzzo, Annalisa Gatto, Matteo Biasotto, Rossana Bussani, Lorenzo Zandonà, Fabiola Giudici, Francesca Boscolo Nata
PURPOSE: In a previous pilot study we observed that intra-operative narrow-band imaging (NBI) helps achieve clear superficial resection margins. The aim of this study was to verify if the use of intra-operative NBI can help to obtain tailored resections and if it is influenced by the lesion site, aspects not investigated in our previous study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The resection margins of 39 oral and 22 oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas were first set at 1...
November 10, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149958/efficacy-of-prolonged-and-immediate-release-tacrolimus-in-kidney-transplantation-a-pooled-analysis-of-two-large-randomized-controlled-trials
#5
B K Krämer, L Albano, B Banas, B Charpentier, L Bäckman, H Tedesco-Silva, F Lehner, G A Mondragón-Ramírez, M Glyda, E Cassuto-Viguier, O Viklický, G Mourad, P Rigotti, S Schleibner, N Kamar
BACKGROUND: Two large, prospective studies (12-03; OSAKA) compared the efficacy and tolerability of prolonged-release versus immediate-release tacrolimus in kidney transplant patients also receiving mycophenolate mofetil and low-dose corticosteroids (without induction therapy). METHODS: Data were combined into one database to compare results over 24 weeks using 3 alternative endpoints: biopsy-confirmed acute rejection (BCAR); the Food and Drug Administration composite endpoint (graft loss, BCAR, and loss to follow-up), and the European Medicines Agency composite endpoint (graft loss, BCAR, and graft dysfunction)...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149701/risk-factor-analysis-of-equine-strongyle-resistance-to-anthelmintics
#6
G Sallé, J Cortet, I Bois, C Dubès, Q Guyot-Sionest, C Larrieu, V Landrin, G Majorel, S Wittreck, E Woringer, A Couroucé, J Guillot, P Jacquiet, F Guégnard, A Blanchard, A Leblond
Intestinal strongyles are the most problematic endoparasites of equids as a result of their wide distribution and the spread of resistant isolates throughout the world. While abundant literature can be found on the extent of anthelmintic resistance across continents, empirical knowledge about associated risk factors is missing. This study brought together results from anthelmintic efficacy testing and risk factor analysis to provide evidence-based guidelines in the field. It involved 688 horses from 39 French horse farms and riding schools to both estimate Faecal Egg Count Reduction (FECR) after anthelmintic treatment and to interview farm and riding school managers about their practices...
November 2, 2017: International Journal for Parasitology, Drugs and Drug Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149381/substantial-improvement-in-hba1c-following-a-treatment-and-teaching-programme-for-people-with-type-2-diabetes-on-conventional-insulin-therapy-in-an-in-and-outpatient-setting
#7
Nadine Kuniss, Ulrich A Müller, Christof Kloos, Regina Müller, Gerd Starrach, Viktor Jörgens, Guido Kramer
AIMS: The aim of the study was to assess the efficacy of a patient education programme (DTTP) for the optimisation of conventional insulin therapy in patients with type 2 diabetes in an in- and outpatient setting. METHODS: The study was designed as a prospective, longitudinal trial. Thirty-three people with diabetes (females 54.5%, age 61.0 years, diabetes duration 12.7 years, HbA1c 9.3%) from ten general practices in Thuringia (outpatient group) participated in a DTTP for conventional insulin therapy...
November 17, 2017: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149272/use-of-paracetamol-ibuprofen-or-aspirin-in-pregnancy-and-risk-of-cerebral-palsy-in-the-child
#8
Tanja Gram Petersen, Zeyan Liew, Anne-Marie Nybo Andersen, Guro L Andersen, Per Kragh Andersen, Torben Martinussen, Jørn Olsen, Cristina Rebordosa, Mette Christophersen Tollånes, Peter Uldall, Allen J Wilcox, Katrine Strandberg-Larsen
Background: It has been debated whether mild analgesics, mainly paracetamol, adversely affect aspects of neurodevelopment. We examined whether mother's use of paracetamol, aspirin or ibuprofen in pregnancy is associated with increased risk of cerebral palsy (CP) in the child. Method: We included 185 617 mother-child pairs from the Danish National Birth Cohort and the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study. We created harmonized definitions of analgesic use in pregnancy, as well as indications for analgesic use and other potential confounders...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149266/association-between-prior-antibiotic-therapy-and-subsequent-risk-of-community-acquired-infections-a-systematic-review
#9
Umer Malik, David Armstrong, Mark Ashworth, Alex Dregan, Veline L'Esperance, Lucy McDonnell, Mariam Molokhia, Patrick White
Background: Antibiotic use can have negative unintended consequences including disruption of the human microbiota, which is thought to protect against pathogen overgrowth. We conducted a systematic review to assess whether there is an association between exposure to antibiotics and subsequent risk of community-acquired infections. Methods: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE and Web of Science for studies published before 30 June 2017, examining the association between antibiotic use and subsequent community-acquired infection...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148921/a-predictive-model-for-readmissions-among-medicare-patients-in-a-california-hospital
#10
Ian Duncan, Nhan Huynh
Predictive models for hospital readmission rates are in high demand because of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) Hospital Readmission Reduction Program (HRRP). The LACE index is one of the most popular predictive tools among hospitals in the United States. The LACE index is a simple tool with 4 parameters: Length of stay, Acuity of admission, Comorbidity, and Emergency visits in the previous 6 months. The authors applied logistic regression to develop a predictive model for a medium-sized not-for-profit community hospital in California using patient-level data with more specific patient information (including 13 explanatory variables)...
November 17, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148914/marginal-gap-formation-in-approximal-bulk-fill-resin-composite-restorations-after-artificial-ageing
#11
A Peutzfeldt, S Mühlebach, A Lussi, S Flury
The aim of this in vitro study was to investigate the marginal gap formation of a packable "regular" resin composite (Filtek Supreme XTE [3M ESPE]) and two flowable "bulk fill" resin composites (Filtek Bulk Fill [3M ESPE] and SDR [DENTSPLY DeTrey]) along the approximal margins of Class II restorations. In each of 39 extracted human molars (n=13 per resin composite), mesial and distal Class II cavities were prepared, placing the gingival margins below the cemento-enamel junction. The cavities were restored with the adhesive system OptiBond FL (Kerr) and one of the three resin composites...
November 17, 2017: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148837/prostitution-stigma-and-its-effect-on-the-working-conditions-personal-lives-and-health-of-sex-workers
#12
Cecilia Benoit, S Mikael Jansson, Michaela Smith, Jackson Flagg
Researchers have shown that stigma is a fundamental determinant of behavior, well-being, and health for many marginalized groups, but sex workers are notably absent from their analyses. This article aims to fill the empirical research gap on sex workers by reviewing the mounting evidence of stigmatization attached to sex workers' occupation, often referred to as "prostitution" or "whore" stigma. We give special attention to its negative effect on the working conditions, personal lives, and health of sex workers...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148724/photooxidation-of-aniline-derivatives-can-be-activated-by-freezing-their-aqueous-solutions
#13
Pablo Corrochano, Dana Nachtigallová, Petr Klán
A combined experimental and computational approach was used to investigate the spectroscopic properties of three different aniline derivatives (aniline, N,N-dimethylaniline, and N,N-diethylaniline) in aqueous solutions and at the air-ice interface in the temperature range of 243-298 K. The absorption and diffuse reflectance spectra of ice samples prepared by different techniques, such as slow or shock freezing of the aqueous solutions or vapor deposition on ice grains, exhibited unequivocal bathochromic shifts of 10-15 nm of the absorption maxima of anilines in frozen samples compared to those in liquid aqueous solutions...
November 17, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148325/characteristics-of-high-and-low-efficiency-hospitals
#14
Michael Rosko, Herbert S Wong, Ryan Mutter
We compared performance, operating characteristics, and market environments of low- and high-efficiency hospitals in the 37 states that supplied inpatient data to the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project from 2006 to 2010. Hospital cost-inefficiency estimates using stochastic frontier analysis were generated. Hospitals were then grouped into the 100 most- and 100 least-efficient hospitals for subsequent analysis. Compared with the least efficient hospitals, high-efficiency hospitals tended to have lower average costs, higher labor productivity, and higher profit margins...
January 1, 2017: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148260/peri-implant-parameters-and-c-reactive-protein-levels-among-patients-with-different-obesity-levels
#15
Fahim Vohra, Fahad Alkhudhairy, Abdulaziz A Al-Kheraif, Zohaib Akram, Fawad Javed
BACKGROUND: It is hypothesized that peri-implant conditions are worse with increasing severity of obesity, because systemic low-grade inflammatory marker (C-reactive protein [CRP]) is higher in severe form of obese individuals. PURPOSE: The aim of the cross-sectional retrospective study was to compare clinical and radiographic peri-implant inflammatory parameters in patients with different levels of obesity and correlate these parameters with CRP levels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-four patients who participated in this study were divided into 4 groups: class I obese (group 1), class II obese (group 2), class III obese (group 3), and nonobese individuals (group 4) were included...
November 16, 2017: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148161/piezoelectric-versus-conventional-implant-site-preparation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Momen A Atieh, Nabeel H M Alsabeeha, Andrew Tawse-Smith, Warwick J Duncan
BACKGROUND: The use of a piezoelectric device (PED) for implant site preparation (ISP) has been introduced to overcome the limitations of using conventional drills (CDs). With little and inconsistent information in the literature regarding their efficiency for preparing implant osteotomies, the objective of this systematic review was to compare the use of CDs to PEDs for ISP with regard to implant stability values, marginal bone level changes, operating time, and dental implant failure rate...
November 16, 2017: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148149/tinkering-at-the-margins
#17
Andrew M Chanen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2017: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147646/creation-and-pilot-testing-of-cases-for-case-based-learning-a-pedagogical-approach-for-pathology-cancer-diagnosis
#18
Shahin Sayed, Susan C Lester, Michael Wilson, Daniel Berney, Ricard Masia, Zahir Moloo, Jennifer Stall, Alexia Eslan, Stephanie Ayers, Angela Mutuku, Jeannette Guarner
Background: Case-based learning (CBL) is an established pedagogical active learning method used in various disciplines and defined based on the field of study and type of case. The utility of CBL for teaching specific aspects of cancer diagnosis to practising pathologists has not been previously studied in sub-Saharan Africa. Objectives: We aimed to pilot test standardised cancer cases on a group of practising pathologists in sub-Saharan Africa to evaluate case content, clarity of questions and delivery of content...
2017: African Journal of Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147631/automated-whole-brain-tractography-affects-preoperative-surgical-decision-making
#19
Hesham Zakaria, Sameah Haider, Ian Lee
Surgery in and around eloquent brain structures poses a technical challenge when the goal of surgery is maximal safe resection. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has revolutionized the diagnosis and treatment of neurological disorders, but tractography still remains limited in terms of utility because of the requisite manual labor and time required combined with the high risk of bias and inaccuracy. Automated whole brain tractography (AWBT) has simplified this workflow, overcoming historical barriers, and allowing for integration into modern neuronavigation...
September 6, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147439/uterine-smooth-muscle-tumor-of-uncertain-malignant-potential-clinicopathologic-sonographic-characteristics-follow-up-and-recurrence
#20
Besim Haluk Bacanakgil, Mustafa Deveci, Emine Karabuk, Zeynep Soyman
Background: Uterine smooth muscle tumor of uncertain malignant potential (STUMP) is rare tumor, and regarded as sub-classification in uterine smooth muscle tumors between benign and malignant criteria. In this study, we evaluated characteristics of cases with STUMP diagnosis in a 10-year period. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated medical records of patients with histopathological STUMP diagnosis in Istanbul Training and Research Hospital, a tertiary center. We analyzed preoperative demographic, clinical features and postoperative follow-up...
June 2017: World Journal of Oncology
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