Read by QxMD icon Read


Ravinder Kaur Sachdeva, Aman Sharma, Surjit Singh, Subhash Varma
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: There is scarcity of data on the frequency of malignancies in HIV infected individuals from India. The objective of this study was to determine the type and frequency of malignancies in HIV infected individuals attending a tertiary care hospital in north India. METHODS: The study design included retrospective analysis of data of all HIV infected individuals registered in the Immunodeficiency clinic from December 2009 to December 2011 and a prospective analysis of HIV infected individuals registered from January 2012 to April 2013...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
Markku Pavela, Jukka Uitti, Eero Pukkala
BACKGROUND: Among workers employed at a nickel refinery in Harjavalta, Finland an increased risk of lung and sinus cancer has been demonstrated in two previous studies. The current study adds 16 more years of follow-up to these studies. METHODS: A total of 1,115 persons exposed to nickel and 194 non-exposed workers in the Harjavalta nickel smelter and refinery were followed up for cancer from 1967 to 2011 through the Finnish Cancer Registry. RESULTS: The total number of cancer cases in men was 251 (Standardized incidence ratio (SIR) 1...
October 17, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Bum Soo Kim, Kyoungjune Pak, Keun-Ik Yi, In Joo Kim, Hwan-Jung Roh, Kyu-Sup Cho
The objective of this study was to investigate the value of parameters assessed with F18-FDG PET/CT in predicting recurrence-free survival (RFS) and disease-specific survival (DSS) in patients with cancer of nasal cavity and paranasal sinus. Thirty-eight patients with cancer of nasal cavity (n = 14) and paranasal sinus (n = 24) who underwent PET/CT prior to curative treatment were enrolled. A volume of interest was placed on PET/CT images covering the entire tumor volume, and the maximum SUV (SUVmax), the mean SUV (SUVmean), and volumetric parameters of metabolic tumor volume (MTV) and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) were measured using thresholds of 40 % of SUVmax...
October 17, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Ann D King, Benjamin King Hong Law, Wai Kiu Tang, Frankie Kwok Fai Mo, Radha Raghupathy, Kunwar S Bhatia, Kenny I K Lei
To document the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) in Waldeyer's ring (WR) and the sinonasal (SN) region, and to identify any differences between lymphatic and extra-lymphatic DLBCLs, and predictors of disease beyond the neck. Primary, nodal, and multifocal sites on head and neck MRI were compared between 31 WR and 15 SN DLBCL, and between 27 patients with disease confined to the head and neck and 16 patients with disease beyond the neck, using logistic regression...
October 13, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Mansour Hajbeygi, Ali Nadjafi, Amin Amali, Babak Saedi, Seyed Mousa Sadrehosseini
INTRODUCTION: The surgical management of chronic frontal sinus disorders remains a challenge for rhinologists. The aim of this study was to evaluate the result of Draf III in a series of patients who underwent this procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients were included in this study. Demographic data, history of prior surgery, asthma, aspirin sensitivity and Lund-Mackay score were recorded. A visual analog scale was used for frontal-related symptoms. Patients were followed for a mean duration of 17...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Gaber Plavc, Jasna But-Hadžić, Aleksandar Aničin, Boštjan Lanišnik, Vojislav Didanović, Primož Strojan
OBJECTIVES: To assess the incidence and to review experience with the treatment of mucosal melanoma of the head and neck (MMHN) in Slovenia between 1985 and 2013. METHODS: The National Cancer Registry database and clinical records with outcome data of identified patients treated during the period 1985-2013 in Slovenia were reviewed. RESULTS: In a 29-year period, 61 patients with MMHN were identified, representing 0.5 % of all head and neck malignant tumors and 42 % of all mucosal melanomas in Slovenia...
October 14, 2016: Radiation Oncology
G L Fadda, M Berrone, E Crosetti, G Succo
The widespread use of dental implants and reconstructive procedures for their positioning has led to an increase in sinonasal complications of dental disease and treatment (SCDDT). Diagnosis requires accurate dental and rhinological evaluation, including computed tomography (CT). The aim of this study is to investigate a multidisciplinary approach for the treatment of SCDDT by combining endoscopic endonasal surgery (EES) and an intraoral approach on the basis of a preliminary classification system already proposed by other authors...
August 2016: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
D T Nguyen, C Rumeau, M Felix-Ravelo, P-L Nguyen-Thi, R Jankowski
OBJECTIVE: Assessment of sinonasal symptoms on a self-reported questionnaire is thoroughly subjective, but indispensable for quantifying symptoms. The present study sought to compare responses on the DyNaChron questionnaire just before and just after consultation for chronic sinonasal dysfunction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 78 patients (mean age, 43.1±16.9 years) consulting for chronic sinonasal dysfunction took part in a prospective study, responding to the computerized version of the DyNaChron self-reported questionnaire, in a dedicated room, just before and just after medical interview and physical examination...
October 7, 2016: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
Jin-Young Min, Christopher J Ocampo, Whitney W Stevens, Caroline P E Price, Christopher F Thompson, Tetsuya Homma, Julia H Huang, James E Norton, Lydia A Suh, Kathryn L Pothoven, David B Conley, Kevin C Welch, Stephanie Shintani-Smith, Anju T Peters, Leslie C Grammer, Kathleen E Harris, Kathryn E Hulse, Atsushi Kato, Nikolai N Modyanov, Robert C Kern, Robert P Schleimer, Bruce K Tan
BACKGROUND: Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) is often characterized by tissue eosinophilia that is associated with poor prognosis. Recent findings that proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) directly modulate the expression of eotaxin-3, an eosinophil chemoattractant, in patients with eosinophilic diseases suggest therapeutic potential for PPIs in those with CRSwNP. OBJECTIVE: We assessed the effect of type 2 mediators, particularly IL-13 and eotaxin-3, on tissue eosinophilia and disease severity in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS)...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Mohemmed N Khan, Neeraja Konuthula, Arjun Parasher, Eric M Genden, Brett A Miles, Satish Govindaraj, Alfred M Iloreta
BACKGROUND: Sinonasal undifferentiated carcinoma (SNUC) is a rare, aggressive malignancy of unknown etiology with a poor overall prognosis. Its relative rarity has made it difficult to determine the impact of different treatment modalities on survival. METHODS: Retrospective study of cases in the National Cancer Data Base (NCDB). NCDB cases that were diagnosed as having SNUC between January 1, 2004, and December 31, 2013 were included in the analysis. Outcomes of patients treated with surgery followed adjuvant chemoradiotherapy were compared with definitive chemoradiotherapy...
October 7, 2016: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
F V W J van Zijl, D A Monserez, T I M Korevaar, O Bugter, M H Wieringa, R J Baatenburg de Jong, J A U Hardillo
:  OBJECTIVES: Sinonasal inverted papilloma (IP) has several unfavorable characteristics and therefore requires careful monitoring. The goal of this study was to identify whether serum squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCCa) could predict IP recurrence. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Department of otolaryngology/head and neck surgery, Erasmus Medical Centre, Rotterdam, the Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: 130 patients with IP treated at our centre with SCCa measurements available were included...
September 26, 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
Naghmeh Radhakrishna, Tunn Ren Tay, Fiona Hore-Lacy, Robert Stirling, R Hoy, Eli Dabscheck, Mark Hew
Objective Multiple extra-pulmonary comorbidities contribute to difficult asthma, but their diagnosis can be challenging and time consuming. Previous data on comorbidity detection have focused on clinical assessment, which may miss certain conditions. We aimed to locate relevant validated screening questionnaires to identify extra-pulmonary comorbidities that contribute to difficult asthma, and evaluate their performance during a difficult asthma evaluation. Methods MEDLINE was searched to identify key extra-pulmonary comorbidities that contribute to difficult asthma...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
Seok Jin Kim, Jun Sik Hong, Myung Hee Chang, Jeong-A Kim, Jae-Yong Kwak, Jin Seok Kim, Dok Hyun Yoon, Won Sik Lee, Young Rok Do, Hye Jin Kang, Hyeon-Seok Eom, Yong Park, Jong-Ho Won, Yeung-Chul Mun, Hyo Jung Kim, Jung Hye Kwon, Jee Hyun Kong, Sung Yong Oh, Sunah Lee, Sung Hwa Bae, Deok-Hwan Yang, Hyun Jung Jun, Yang Soo Kim, Hwan Jung Yun, Soon Il Lee, Min Kyoung Kim, Eun Kyung Park, Won Seog Kim, Cheolwon Suh
Central nervous system involvement remains a challenging issue in the treatment of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. We conducted a prospective cohort study with newly diagnosed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma patients receiving rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone to identify incidence and risk factors for central nervous system involvement. Among 595 patients, 279 patients received pre-treatment central nervous system evaluation, and 14 patients had central nervous system involvement at diagnosis (2...
October 4, 2016: Oncotarget
Whitney W Stevens, Robert P Schleimer
Aspirin-Exacerbated Respiratory Disease (AERD) and Chronic Rhinosinusitis with Nasal Polyps (CRSwNP) are both characterized by the presence of chronic sinonasal inflammation and nasal polyps. Unlike in CRSwNP, AERD patients develop respiratory reactions following ingestion of COX-1 inhibitors. AERD patients also, on average, have worse upper respiratory disease with increased sinonasal symptoms, mucosal inflammation and requirements for revision sinus surgery when compared to CRSwNP patients. While no single genetic factor has been identified in either CRSwNP or AERD to date, differences in the metabolism of arachidonic acid as well as innate immune cell activation may uniquely contribute to AERD pathogenesis...
November 2016: Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America
Ozge Turhan, Asli Bostanci, Irem Hicran Ozbudak, Murat Turhan
Chronic invasive nongranulomatous fungal rhinosinusitis is a well-described but uncommon type of fungal rhinosinusitis (FRS). While the prevalence of chronic FRS is 0.11% in healthy individuals, only 1.3% of them are in nongranulomatous invasive nature. The majority of the cases in the literature have been reported from developing countries mostly located in the tropical regions, as typically occurring in the background of diabetes mellitus or corticosteroid treatment. The current paper reports four consecutive cases, who were diagnosed within a short period of six months at a single center of a country located outside the tropical climate zone...
2016: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Phoebe Kuo, R Peter Manes, Zachary G Schwam, Benjamin L Judson
OBJECTIVE: Sinonasal undifferentiated carcinoma is a rare and aggressive malignancy of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. Multi-institutional studies examining outcomes of combined modality treatment versus other treatment modalities have not been performed. The objective of our study was to present outcomes for multimodality therapy through use of the National Cancer Database. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: National Cancer Database...
October 4, 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Stina Syrjänen, Jaana Rautava, Kari Syrjänen
The interesting history of papillomavirus (PV) research has been reviewed before. The history of human papillomavirus (HPV) in head and neck region starts in 1901 when the contagious transmission of warty lesions into the mouth via oral sex was described, although the confirmation of their viral etiology had to wait until 1907. Ullman was the first to associate the human wart virus with laryngeal warts. Parsons and Kidd described the natural history of oral PV infections in rabbits already in 1942, but these findings were corroborated in humans only recently...
2017: Recent Results in Cancer Research
S M Dieter, C Heining, A Agaimy, D Huebschmann, D Bonekamp, B Hutter, K R Ehrenberg, M Fröhlich, M Schlesner, C Scholl, H-P Schlemmer, S Wolf, A Mavratzas, C S Jung, S Gröschel, C V Kalle, R Eils, B Brors, R Penzel, M Kriegsmann, D E Reuss, P Schirmacher, A Stenzinger, P A Federspil, W Weichert, H Glimm, S Fröhling
BACKGROUND: Sinonasal carcinomas (SNCs) comprise various rare tumor types that are characterized by marked histologic diversity and largely unknown molecular profiles, yet share an overall poor prognosis owing to an aggressive clinical course and frequent late-stage diagnosis. The lack of effective systemic therapies for locally advanced or metastatic SNC poses a major challenge to therapeutic decision making for individual patients. We here aimed to identify actionable genetic alterations in a patient with metastatic SNC whose tumor, despite all diagnostic efforts, could not be assigned to any known SNC category and was refractory to multimodal therapy...
September 29, 2016: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
Giovanni Salzano, Mario Turri-Zanoni, Apostolos Karligkiotis, Jacopo Zocchi, Giovanni Dell'Aversana Orabona, Luigi Califano, Paolo Battaglia, Paolo Castelnuovo
BACKGROUND: The infraorbital nerve (ION) is a terminal branch of the maxillary nerve (V2) providing sensory innervation to the malar skin. It is sometimes necessary to sacrifice the ION and its branches to obtain adequate maxillary sinus exposure for radical resection of sinonasal tumors. Consequently, patients suffer temporary or permanent paresthesia, hypoestesthia, and neuralgia of the face. We describe an innovative technique used for preservation of the ION while removing the anterior, superior, and lateral walls of the maxillary sinus through a medial endoscopic transnasal maxillectomy...
September 28, 2016: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
Matteo Bonzini, Nadia Facchinetti, Laura Zanetta, Davide Parassoni, Rossana Borchini, Paolo Battaglia, Mario Turri-Zanoni, Paolo Castelnuovo, Marco Mario Ferrario
BACKGROUND: Sinonasal cancers are rare, often fatal, tumors with a very high proportion of cases attributable to occupational exposures. The relevance of different carcinogens deeply varies among histological subtypes, with intestinal type adenocarcinomas (ITAC) characterized by a very large proportion of workers exposed to wood dust. The role of occupation in the etiology of other histotypes is less clear and more disputed, with authors questioning the possible occupational origin of non-ITAC cancers...
2016: La Medicina del Lavoro
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"