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Vaginal reconstruction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067743/comparative-perioperative-pain-and-recovery-in-women-undergoing-vaginal-reconstruction-versus-robotic-sacrocolpopexy
#1
Lauren B Westermann, Catrina C Crisp, Donna Mazloomdoost, Steven D Kleeman, Rachel N Pauls
BACKGROUND: In this study of patients undergoing vaginal hysterectomy with either robotic or vaginal prolapse repair, there was no difference in quality of life in the weeks following surgery; however, less narcotics were used, less pain was documented by nurses and Surgical Pain Scale (SPS), and better performance on voiding trials was noted in those undergoing robotic sacrocolpopexy. OBJECTIVES: Minimally invasive surgery for pelvic organ prolapse is the preferred surgical route for optimal recovery...
January 6, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057125/-treatment-and-outcome-of-polypropylene-mesh-or-tape-related-pain-after-reconstructive-pelvic-surgery
#2
Y Q Wang, X Yang, J L Wang
Objective: To investigate clinical treatment and outcome of mesh-related pain after pelvic floor reconstruction. Methods: Twelve patients were referred to Peking University People's Hospital for post-operation pain related to polypropylene mesh or tape used in pelvic floor reconstruction and received reoperation from January 2007 to December 2014. The demographic characteristics, clinical manifestation, operation method and follow-up outcome were retrospectively analyzed, and current literature was also reviewed...
December 25, 2016: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048088/su-f-t-47-mri-t2-exclusive-based-planning-using-the-endocavitary-interstitial-gynecological-benidorm-applicator-a-proposed-tps-library-and-preplan-efficient-methodology
#3
J Richart, A Otal, S Rodriguez, M Santos, J Perez-Calatayud
PURPOSE: ABS and GEC-ESTRO have recommended MRI T2 for image guided brachytherapy. Recently, a new applicator (Benidorm Template, TB) has been developed in our Department (Rodriguez et al 2015). TB is fully MRI compatible because the Titanium needles and it allows the use of intrauterine tandem. Currently, TPS applicators library are not currently available for non-rigid applicators in case of interstitial component as the TB.The purpose of this work is to present the development of a library for the TB, together with its use on a pre-planning technique...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047374/su-f-t-55-reproducibility-of-interstitial-hdr-brachytherapy-plans
#4
S Lee, R Ellis, B Traughber, T Podder
PURPOSE: Treating gynecological cancers with interstitial high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy requires precise reconstruction of catheter positions to obtain accurate dosimetric plans. In this study, we investigated the degree of reproducibility of dosimetric plans for Syed HDR brachytherapy. METHODS: We randomly selected five patients having cervix-vaginal cancer who were recently treated in our clinic with interstitial HDR brachytherapy with a prescription dose of 25-30 Gy in five fractions...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034651/patient-surgeon-and-hospital-disparities-associated-with-benign-hysterectomy-approach-and-perioperative-complications
#5
Ambar Mehta, Tim Xu, Susan Hutfless, Martin A Makary, Abdulrahman K Sinno, Edward J Tanner, Rebecca L Stone, Karen Wang, Amanda N Fader
BACKGROUND: Hysterectomy is among the most common major surgical procedures performed in women. Approximately 450,000 hysterectomy procedures are performed each year in the United States for benign indications. However, little is known regarding contemporary U.S. hysterectomy trends for women with benign disease with respect to operative technique and perioperative complications, and the association between these two factors with patient, surgeon, and hospital characteristics. OBJECTIVES: To describe contemporary hysterectomy trends and explore associations between patient, surgeon, and hospital characteristics with surgical approach and perioperative complications...
December 26, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025684/utility-of-anterior-vaginal-wall-length-measurement-in-vaginal-reconstructive-surgery
#6
Amy F Collins, Paula J Doyle, Smitha Vilasagar, Gunhilde M Buchsbaum
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The pelvic organ prolapse quantification system (POP-Q) is the most commonly used method to quantify the extent of pelvic organ prolapse. However, it does not include assessment of anterior vaginal wall length (AVL). The objectives of this study were to characterize AVL and distance to the sacrospinous ligament (SSL), and to examine associations between total vaginal length (TVL), AVL, body mass index (BMI) and age. METHODS: This was a retrospective chart review of 139 patients with cervix in situ presenting during an 8-month period for initial evaluation to the University of Rochester Medical Center Urogynecology practice...
December 26, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988170/assessing-resident-surgical-volume-before-and-after-initiation-of-a-female-pelvic-medicine-and-reconstructive-surgery-fellowship
#7
Zaid Chaudhry, Christopher M Tarnay
OBJECTIVES: The effect of fellowship programs on resident training for gynecologic surgery volume has not been clearly defined. The purpose of our study is to assess resident surgical volume for laparoscopic and vaginal hysterectomy before and after initiation of a female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery (FPMRS) fellowship. DESIGN: A retrospective review of Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Resident Case Logs of obstetrics and gynecology residents who graduated in the 3 years before and after initiation of a FPMRS fellowship was performed...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27958629/prosthetic-materials-for-treating-posterior-vaginal-wall-prolapse-and-rectocele-own-experience
#8
Honorata Stadnik, Tomasz Maciej Kościński
OBJECTIVES: This report describes results of posterior vaginal wall prolapse and rectocele treatment performing tension free reconstruction method with polypropylene mesh implantation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In years 2001 to 20015, 71 female patients in age of 42-82 years were surgically treated. Besides difficult emptying they complained of feeling of heaviness in the pelvis (38%) and dyspareunia (16.9%). Defecography and magnetic resonance proved the presence of rectocele in 84...
2016: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935547/flap-design-and-perfusion-are-keys-of%C3%A2-success-axial-fasciocutaneous-posterior-thigh-flaps-for-deep-small-pelvic-defect-reconstruction
#9
Andreas Kehrer, Philipp Lamby, Benjamin H Miranda, Lukas Prantl, Juergen H Dolderer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Radical excisions of the rectum often result in large perineal and intrapelvic defects. Compromised wound healing can delay adjuvant therapies and limit the patient's prognosis. With current treatment, integrity of the abdominal wall may be maintained. The defect geometry is unique and requires extensive volume for reconstruction. This study describes the surgical technique and reports clinical outcomes of fasciocutaneous posterior thigh flaps as preliminary data for this indication...
December 8, 2016: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918338/female-pelvic-medicine-and-reconstructive-surgery-in-canada-a-survey-of-obstetrician-gynecologists-and-urologists
#10
Marie K Christakis, Eliane M Shore, Ariel Pulver, Colleen D McDermott
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the current status of female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery (FPMRS) in Canada, including level of training, practice patterns, barriers to practice and opinions among obstetrician-gynecologists (OB/GYNs) and urologists. METHODS: Electronic surveys were distributed to 737 OB/GYNs through the Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada and to 489 urologists through the Canadian Urological Association...
December 1, 2016: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908366/urologic-sequelae-following-phalloplasty-in-transgendered-patients
#11
REVIEW
Dmitriy Nikolavsky, Yuka Yamaguchi, Jamie P Levine, Lee C Zhao
In recent years, the issues of the transgender population have become more visible in the media worldwide. Transgender patients at various stages of their transformation will present to urologic clinics requiring general or specialized urologic care. Knowledge of specifics of reconstructed anatomy and potential unique complications of the reconstruction will become important in providing urologic care to these patients. In this article, we have concentrated on describing diagnosis and treatment of the more common urologic complications after female-to-male reconstructions: urethrocutaneous fistulae, neourethral strictures, and symptomatic persistent vaginal cavities...
February 2017: Urologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907225/informativeness-of-ngs-analysis-for-vaginal-fluid-identification
#12
Saverio Giampaoli, Elisabetta DeVittori, Federica Valeriani, Andrea Berti, Vincenzo Romano Spica
The identification of vaginal fluids in forensic examinations plays an important role in crime scene reconstruction. Molecular detection of vaginal bacterial communities can lead to the correct discrimination of body fluids. These kinds of studies can be performed through multiplex real-time PCR using primers for a specific selection of bacteria. The availability of next-generation sequencing (NGS) protocols provided for the extension of the analysis to evaluate the prokaryotes present in specimens. In this study, DNA was extracted from 18 samples (vaginal, oral, fecal, yoghurt) and analyzed by real-time PCR and NGS...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898453/resolution-of-rectal-prolapse-by-vaginal-reconstruction
#13
Hemikaa Devakumar, Neeraja Chandrasekaran, Alexandriah Alas, Laura Martin, G Willy Davila, Eric Hurtado
BACKGROUND: Rectal prolapse is a disorder of the pelvic floor in which the layers of the rectal mucosa protrude outward through the anus. Surgical repair is the mainstay of treatment. Options include intra-abdominal procedures such as rectopexy and perineal procedures such as the Delorme and Altemeier perineal rectosigmoidectomy. Rectal and vaginal prolapse can often coexist. However, to our knowledge, there are no reported cases of rectal prolapse resolved by the repair of a compressive enterocele abutting the anterior rectal wall through a vaginal approach alone...
January 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871954/surgical-management-for-pelvic-organ-prolapse-and-its-impact-on-sexual-function
#14
REVIEW
Jennifer C Thompson, Rebecca G Rogers
INTRODUCTION: Female sexual function is complex, incorporating physical, emotional, and psychological factors. Pelvic organ prolapse, descent of the pelvic organs to or through the vaginal opening, is a common condition that affects quality of life, including sexual function. Symptomatic prolapse is most commonly treated with reconstructive surgery. AIM: To address the surgical management of pelvic organ prolapse and its impact on sexual function and include recommendations for evaluating sexual function, use of validated questionnaires to assess function, preoperative counseling, and postoperative follow-up...
July 2016: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846665/menstrual-sexual-and-obstetrical-outcomes-after-vaginal-replacement-for-vaginal-atresia-associated-with-anorectal-malformation
#15
Clare Skerritt, Alejandra Vilanova Sánchez, Victoria Alison Lane, Richard J Wood, Geri D Hewitt, Lesley L Breech, Marc Levitt
The authors of this article became aware of significant differences in the management of two females with a rectovestibular fistula and associated vaginal agenesis. In one patient, a sigmoid colovaginoplasty was performed at the time of the posterior sagittal anorectoplasty (PSARP), and the other underwent repair of the rectovestibular fistula with a primary PSARP, but the surgeons elected to delay the timing of vaginal reconstruction. We decided to review the literature, to establish if recommendations could be made to optimize the management of these children based on current evidence...
November 15, 2016: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844235/robot-assisted-laparoscopic-colpectomy-in-female-to-male-transgender-patients-technique-and-outcomes-of-a-prospective-cohort-study
#16
Freek Groenman, Charlotte Nikkels, Judith Huirne, Mick van Trotsenburg, Hans Trum
BACKGROUND: Gender-affirming surgeries in female-to-male (FtM) transgender patients include mostly hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy and mastectomy. Sometimes further surgery is performed, such as phalloplasty. Colpectomy may be performed to overcome gender dysphoria and disturbing vaginal discharge; furthermore, it may be important in reducing the risk of fistulas due to the phalloplasty procedure with urethral elongation. Colpectomy prior to the reconstruction of the neourethra seems to reduce fistula rates on the very first anastomosis...
November 14, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833904/surgical-treatment-after-failed-primary-correction-of-urogenital-sinus-in-female-patients-with-virilizing-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia-are-good-results-possible
#17
Maria Helena Palma Sircili, Tania Sartori Sanchez Bachega, Guiomar Madureira, Larissa Gomes, Berenice Bilharinho Mendonca, Francisco Tibor Dénes
PURPOSE: Genital reconstruction in female patients with virilizing congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is very challenging. Our aim was to evaluate the techniques employed to treat complications after failure of primary urogenital sinus (UGS) surgery, as well as the result of these reoperations. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty girls with virilizing CAH who were previously submitted to genitoplasty in our service and elsewhere had recurrent UGS stenosis and vaginal introitus stenosis that required surgical treatment...
2016: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833885/congenital-arhinia-a-rare-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#18
Uttam Mondal, Rameshwar Prasad
Congenital absence of nose (Arhinia) is extremely rare. A male baby was born at term via uncomplicated vaginal delivery and presented with complete arhinia, bilateral microphthalmia, lower eyelid coloboma and feeding difficulty. Reconstructive surgery was postponed until preschool age. On follow up at 1 year of age baby is feeding liquid and semisolid food and growing well.
December 2016: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812146/differences-in-the-access-to-sterilization-between-women-living-and-not-living-with-hiv-results-from-the-genih-study-brazil
#19
Regina Maria Barbosa, Cristiane da Silva Cabral, Tania di Giacomo do Lago, Adriana de Araujo Pinho
BACKGROUND: In many countries, young women of reproductive age have been especially affected by the HIV epidemic, which have fostered research to better understand how HIV infection influences and shapes women´s fertility and reproductive and sexual decisions. In Brazil, few studies have focused on the impact of the HIV epidemic on contraceptive choices among women living with HIV (WLHIV). OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the impact HIV infection may have in the access to female sterilization in Brazil, using a time-to-event analysis...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803514/pregnancy-with-malecot-catheter-in-situ-following-cervical-and-vaginal-reconstruction-of-a-cicatrized-vagina-and-cervix-a-rare-case
#20
Garima Kachhawa, Nisha Malik, Alka Kriplani, Reeta Mahey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
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