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Fatemeh Fardsanei, Mohammad Mehdi Soltan Dallal, Masoumeh Douraghi, Taghi Zahraei Salehi, Mahmood Mahmoodi, Hamed Memariani, Farhad Nikkhahi
Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica serotype Enteritidis (S. Enteritidis) is one of the leading causes of food-borne gastroenteritis associated with the consumption of contaminated food products of animal origin. Little is known about the genetic diversity and virulence content of S. Enteritidis isolated from poultry meats and eggs in Iran. A total of 34 S. Enteritidis strains were collected from different food sources of animal origin in Tehran from May 2015 to July 2016. All of the S. Enteritidis strains were serotyped, antimicrobial susceptibility tested, and characterized for virulence genes...
April 19, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
Rongxian Guo, Yang Jiao, Zhuoyang Li, Shanshan Zhu, Xiao Fei, Shizhong Geng, Zhiming Pan, Xiang Chen, Qiuchun Li, Xinan Jiao
Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Gallinarum biovar Pullorum (Salmonella Pullorum) is highly adapted to chickens causing an acute systemic disease that results in high mortality. Vaccination represents one approach for promoting animal health, food safety and reducing environmental persistence in Salmonella control. An important consideration is that Salmonella vaccination in poultry should not interfere with the salmonellosis monitoring program. This is the basis of the DIVA (Differentiation of Infected and Vaccinated Animals) program...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
Wazir Ahmad Habibi, Takuya Hirai, Mohammad Hakim Niazmand, Naoko Okumura, Ryoji Yamaguchi
We investigated the amyloidogenic potential of inactivated vaccines and the localized production of serum amyloid A (SAA) at the injection site in white layer chickens. Hens in the treated group were injected intramuscularly three times with high doses of inactivated oil-emulsion Salmonella Enteritidis vaccine and multivalent viral and bacterial inactivated oil-emulsion vaccines at two week intervals. Chickens in the control group did not receive any inoculum. In the treated group, emaciation, and granulomas were present, while several chickens died between 4-6 weeks after the first injection...
April 19, 2017: Avian Pathology: Journal of the W.V.P.A
W M Quinteiro-Filho, A S Calefi, D S G Cruz, T P A Aloia, A Zager, C S Astolfi-Ferreira, J A Piantino Ferreira, S Sharif, J Palermo-Neto
A high ambient temperature is a highly relevant stressor in poultry production. Heat stress (HS) has been reported to reduce animal welfare, performance indices and increase Salmonella susceptibility. Salmonella spp. are major zoonotic pathogen that cause over 1 billion of human infections worldwide annually. Therefore, the current study was designed to analyze the effect of heat stress on Salmonella infection in chickens through modulation of the immune responses. Salmonella Enteritidis was inoculated via gavage at one day of age (10(6)cfu/mL)...
April 2017: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
Pei Li, Qing Liu, Chun Huang, Xinxin Zhao, Kenneth L Roland, Qingke Kong
Colanic Acid (CA) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) are two major mannose-containing extracellular polysaccharides of Salmonella. Their presence on the bacterial surface can mask conserved protective outer membrane proteins (OMPs) from the host immune system. The mannose moiety in these molecules is derived from GDP-mannose, which is synthesized in several steps. The first two steps require the action of phosphomannose isomerase, encoded by pmi (manA), followed by phosphomannomutase, encoded by manB. There are two copies of manB present in the Salmonella chromosome, one located in the cps gene cluster (cpsG) responsible for CA synthesis, and the other in the rfb gene cluster (rfbK) involved in LPS O-antigen synthesis...
April 12, 2017: Vaccine
Jitka Makovcova, Vladimir Babak, Pavel Kulich, Josef Masek, Michal Slany, Lenka Cincarova
Microorganisms are not commonly found in the planktonic state but predominantly form dual- and multispecies biofilms in almost all natural environments. Bacteria in multispecies biofilms cooperate, compete or have neutral interactions according to the involved species. Here, the development of mono- and dual-species biofilms formed by Staphylococcus aureus and other foodborne pathogens such as Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Enteritidis, potentially pathogenic Raoultella planticola and non-pathogenic Escherichia coli over the course of 24, 48 and 72 h was studied...
April 11, 2017: Microbial Biotechnology
Anita Mikołajczyk, Krystyna Makowska
Cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript (CART) peptide is the substance distributed in various parts of the nervous system. The majority of previous studies described this substance in the brain, where it takes part in regulatory processes connected with the food intake. CART is also present in the peripheral nervous system, especially in the enteric neurons and nerves located in the wall of the stomach and intestine, but many aspects of distribution and functions of this peptide in the digestive organs remain unknown...
April 10, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Scott M Baliban, Mingjun Yang, Girish Ramachandran, Brittany Curtis, Surekha Shridhar, Rachel S Laufer, Jin Y Wang, John Van Druff, Ellen E Higginson, Nicolas Hegerle, Kristen M Varney, James E Galen, Sharon M Tennant, Andrew Lees, Alexander D MacKerell, Myron M Levine, Raphael Simon
Invasive infections associated with non-typhoidal Salmonella (NTS) serovars Enteritidis (SE), Typhimurium (STm) and monophasic variant 1,4,[5],12:i:- are a major health problem in infants and young children in sub-Saharan Africa, and currently, there are no approved human NTS vaccines. NTS O-polysaccharides and flagellin proteins are protective antigens in animal models of invasive NTS infection. Conjugates of SE core and O-polysaccharide (COPS) chemically linked to SE flagellin have enhanced the anti-COPS immune response and protected mice against fatal challenge with a Malian SE blood isolate...
April 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Adma Nadja Ferreira de Melo, Geany Targino de Souza, Donald Schaffner, Tereza C Moreira de Oliveira, Janeeyre Ferreira Maciel, Evandro Leite de Souza, Marciane Magnani
This study assessed changes in thermo-tolerance and capability to survive to simulated gastrointestinal conditions of Salmonella Enteritidis PT4 and Salmonella Typhimurium PT4 inoculated in chicken breast meat following exposure to stresses (cold, acid and osmotic) commonly imposed during food processing. The effects of the stress imposed by exposure to oregano (Origanum vulgare L.) essential oil (OVEO) on thermo-tolerance were also assessed. After exposure to cold stress (5°C for 5h) in chicken breast meat the test strains were sequentially exposed to the different stressing substances (lactic acid, NaCl or OVEO) at sub-lethal amounts, which were defined considering previously determined minimum inhibitory concentrations, and finally to thermal treatment (55°C for 30min)...
March 29, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
M C Soria, M A Soria, D J Bueno, E I Godano, S C Gómez, I A ViaButron, V M Padin, A D Rogé
The performance of detection methods (culture methods and polymerase chain reaction assay) and plating media used in the same type of samples were determined as well as the specificity of PCR primers to detected Salmonella spp. contamination in layer hen farms. Also, the association of farm characteristics with Salmonella presence was evaluated. Environmental samples (feces, feed, drinking water, air, boot-swabs) and eggs were taken from 40 layer hen houses. Salmonella spp. was most detected in boot-swabs taken around the houses (30% and 35% by isolation and PCR, respectively) follow by fecal samples (15...
March 31, 2017: Poultry Science
Yin Wang, Chenyang Cao, Walid Q Alali, Shenghui Cui, Fengqin Li, Jianghui Zhu, Xin Wang, Jianghong Meng, Baowei Yang
One thousand four hundred ninety-one Salmonella isolates recovered from retail foods including chicken, beef, fish, pork, dumplings, and cold dishes in China in 2007, 2008, 2010, 2011, and 2012 were analyzed for distribution of serotype and antimicrobial susceptibility. A total of 129 Salmonella serotypes were detected among 1491 isolates. Salmonella Enteritidis (21.5%), Typhimurium (11.0%), Indiana (10.8%), Thompson (5.4%), Derby (5.1%), Agona (3.8%), and Shubra (3.0%) were the seven most important serotypes in 1491 isolates...
April 4, 2017: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
Baâtour Olfa, Aouadi Mariem, Abbassi Mohamed Salah, BenNasri Ayachi Mouhiba
Essential oils of marjoram were extracted from plants, growing under non-saline and saline condition (75mM NaCl). Their antioxidant and antibaterial activity against six bacteria (Enterococcus faecalis, Escherichia coli, Salmonella enteritidis, Listeria ivanovii, Listeria inocula, and Listeria monocytogenes) were assessed. Result showed that, (i) independently of salt treatment, marjoram essential oils inhibited the growth of most of the bacteria but in degrees. The least susceptible one was Enterococcus faecalis...
November 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
C S L Vaz, D Voss-Rech, V S de Avila, A Coldebella, V S Silva
Two experiments were undertaken to evaluate the bacterial load in recycled litter between broiler flocks following addition of quicklime (T1), windrowing (T2), shallow fermentation (T3), and control (no intervention, T4). The first experiment was developed in field conditions in which the broiler houses were accompanied by 6 consecutive flocks and the effect of the treatments was assessed on enterobacteria and aerobic mesophiles. The second experiment was conducted in an experimental broiler house with recycled litter for assessment of Salmonella Enteritidis phage type 4 (SE PT4)...
March 23, 2017: Poultry Science
Hernán Carvajal-Restrepo, Miryan Margot Sánchez-Jiménez, Sergio Diaz-Rodríguez, Nora Cardona-Castro
INTRODUCTION: Salmonellosis, a zoonotic and foodborne disease, is a public health problem in developing countries. With the aim of identifying human carriers of Salmonella, a survey was performed in five regions of Colombia with reported salmonellosis outbreaks. METHODOLOGY: The general population and cholecystectomy surgical patients were included in this study. Stool samples from 667 volunteers and gallbladder bile samples from 199 surgical patients were examined...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
F E A Assis, C B Dallagassa, S M S S Farah, E M Souza, F O Pedrosa, L S Chubatsu, C M T Fadel-Picheth
A total of 46 strains of Salmonella isolated from patients with sporadic diarrhoea or involved in foodborne outbreaks were analysed by PCR for genus identification and serotyping. Subtyping was performed using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and multiple amplification of phage locus typing (MAPLT) for seven variable loci. Bacteria were identified as belonging to serotype Enteritidis (33 strains; 71·7%) or Typhimurium (13 strains; 28·3%). A high similarity coefficient (94·6%) was observed in the Salmonella Enteritidis group for which were found three related PFGE profiles and only one MAPLT; strains representing profile PA/P1/MI were prevalent (27; 81·8%)...
April 3, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
Dan Xiong, Li Song, Jing Tao, Huijuan Zheng, Zihao Zhou, Shizhong Geng, Zhiming Pan, Xinan Jiao
Salmonella enterica serovars Enteritidis, Pullorum/Gallinarum, and Dublin are infectious pathogens causing serious problems for pig, chicken, and cattle production, respectively. Traditional serotyping for Salmonella is costly and labor-intensive. Here, we established a rapid multiplex PCR method to simultaneously identify three prevalent Salmonella serovars Enteritidis, Pullorum/Gallinarum, and Dublin individually for the first time. The multiplex PCR-based assay focuses on three genes tcpS, lygD, and flhB...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
Amreeta Sarjit, Gary A Dykes
Thermophilic Campylobacter and Salmonella enterica are major causes of gastrointestinal foodborne infection. Survival of these pathogens on food-associated surfaces is a risk contributing to their spread through the food system. This study examined the transfer of two strains each of C. jejuni , C. coli , Salmonella Enteritidis, and Salmonella Typhimurium from chicken meat to a knife or scissors used on either a plastic or wooden cutting board. Each strain of Campylobacter and Salmonella at ∼10(8) CFU mL(-1) was inoculated (5 mL) onto 25 g of chicken meat with skin and allowed to attach (for 10 min)...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
Nicholas A Feasey, James Hadfield, Karen H Keddy, Timothy J Dallman, Jan Jacobs, Xiangyu Deng, Paul Wigley, Lars Barquist, Gemma C Langridge, Theresa Feltwell, Simon R Harris, Alison E Mather, Maria Fookes, Martin Aslett, Chisomo Msefula, Samuel Kariuki, Calman A Maclennan, Robert S Onsare, François-Xavier Weill, Simon Le Hello, Anthony M Smith, Michael McClelland, Prerak Desai, Christopher M Parry, John Cheesbrough, Neil French, Josefina Campos, Jose A Chabalgoity, Laura Betancor, Katie L Hopkins, Satheesh Nair, Tom J Humphrey, Octavie Lunguya, Tristan A Cogan, Milagritos D Tapia, Samba O Sow, Sharon M Tennant, Kristin Bornstein, Myron M Levine, Lizeth Lacharme-Lora, Dean B Everett, Robert A Kingsley, Julian Parkhill, Robert S Heyderman, Gordon Dougan, Melita A Gordon, Nicholas R Thomson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 30, 2017: Nature Genetics
Amanda Sánchez-Recillas, Ana Ly Arroyo-Herrera, Jesús Alfredo Araujo-León, Emanuel Hernández Núñez, Rolffy Ortiz Andrade
Antibacterial activity on ATCC strains of Escherichia coli, Salmonella enterica, Salmonella enteritidis, and Salmonella choleraesuis and spasmolytic effect on contraction on rat ileum trips were determinate. Eight organic extracts (hexanic and methanolic) of albedo (mesocarp) and flavedo (pericarp) of two varieties (Valencian and National) of Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck of Yucatán, México, were studied. Additionally, chromatographic fingerprints were obtained and correlated with their pharmacological effects...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Bruno R Pribul, Marcia L Festivo, Marcelle S Rodrigues, Renata G Costa, Elizabeth C Dos P Rodrigues, Miliane M S de Souza, Dalia Dos P Rodrigues
Salmonella spp. is an important zoonotic pathogen related to foodborne diseases. Despite that quinolones/fluoroquinolones are considered a relevant therapeutic strategy against resistant isolates, the increase in antimicrobial resistance is an additional difficulty in controlling bacterial infections caused by Salmonella spp. Thus, the acquisition of resistance to quinolones in Salmonella spp. is worrisome to the scientific community along with the possibility of transmission of resistance through plasmids...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
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