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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074277/patient-reported-outcomes-for-acute-gallstone-pathology
#1
Ed Parkin, Martyn Stott, Joy Brockbank, Simon Galloway, Ian Welch, Andrew Macdonald
BACKGROUND: A number of prominent surgical trials and clinical guidelines regard length of hospital stay and rates of daycase surgery as being of upmost importance following cholecystectomy. However, it is unclear whether these outcomes also matter to patients. This study aimed to identify the factors patients regard as most important when admitted with acute gallstone pathology. METHODS: A 41-item survey was produced by combining outcomes assessed in recent clinical trials with results from a preliminary patient questionnaire...
January 10, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073581/acute-cholecystitis-chronic-cholecystitis-or-gallbladder-cancer
#2
Virginia Gómez Cabeza de Vaca, Francisco Alba Mesa, Luis Piñero González, Andrezj Komorowski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 7, 2017: Gastroenterología y Hepatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069529/outcomes-in-older-patients-with-grade-iii-cholecystitis-and-cholecystostomy-tube-placement-a-propensity-score-analysis
#3
Francesca M Dimou, Deepak Adhikari, Hemalkumar B Mehta, Taylor S Riall
BACKGROUND: The Tokyo guidelines recommend initial cholecystostomy tube drainage, antibiotics, and delayed cholecystectomy in patients with grade III cholecystitis. STUDY DESIGN: We used Medicare data (1996-2010) to identify patients ≥66 years admitted with grade III acute cholecystitis. We evaluated adherence to the Tokyo guidelines and compared mortality, readmission, and complication rates with and without cholecystostomy tube placement in a propensity-matched (1:3) cohort of patients with grade III cholecystitis...
January 6, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063415/efficacy-of-preoperative-percutaneous-cholecystostomy-in-the-management-of-acute-cholecystitis-according-to-severity-grades
#4
Seong Yeol Kim, Kyo-Sang Yoo
Background/Aims: The aim of this retrospective study was to assess the efficacy of percutaneous cholecystostomy (PC) for patients with acute cholecystitis (AC) according to severity. Methods: A total of 325 patients who underwent cholecystectomy between January 2008 and October 2010 were enrolled. Patients were classified into three groups based on severity grade according to the Tokyo guidelines for AC: grade I (mild), grade II (moderate), and grade III (severe)...
January 6, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050668/antibiotics-may-be-safely-discontinued-within-one-week-of-percutaneous-cholecystostomy
#5
Tyler J Loftus, Scott C Brakenridge, Camille G Dessaigne, George A Sarosi, William J Zingarelli, Frederick A Moore, Janeen R Jordan, Chasen A Croft, R Stephen Smith, Phillip A Efron, Alicia M Mohr
BACKGROUND: For patients with acute cholecystitis managed with percutaneous cholecystostomy (PC), the optimal duration of post-procedural antibiotic therapy is unknown. Our objective was to compare short versus long courses of antibiotics with the hypothesis that patients with persistent signs of systemic inflammation 72 h following PC would receive prolonged antibiotic therapy and that antibiotic duration would not affect outcomes. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort analysis of 81 patients who underwent PC for acute cholecystitis at two hospitals during a 41-month period ending November 2014...
January 3, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050431/asymptomatic-traumatic-hepatothorax-symptomatic-gall-stone-disease-a-rare-coincidence
#6
Somak Das, Dinesh Zirpe, Chandrasekharn Valiathan Gopakumar, Sudeepta Kumar Swain, Rajagopal Surendran
Traumatic diaphragmatic hernia rarely affects right side due to protective effect of liver. In adult it is mainly caused by blunt abdominal trauma. Acute presentations are often life threatening and usually clinch the diagnosis early. It may remain asymptomatic for many years unless being detected incidentally during investigations for some unrelated reason or getting complicated by some pathology of herniated viscera. High degree of suspicion is required to detect this delayed presentation particularly in a post-trauma patient as this condition may require modifications in management...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044956/retained-common-bile-duct-lithiasis-at-a-pacient-with-periampullary-duodenal-diverticulum
#7
Ionuţ Simion Coman, Elena-Violeta Radu, Vasile Șandru, Ionuţ Cristinel Bârsan, Cristinel Dumitru Badiu, Gabriel Constantinescu, Valentin Titus Grigorean
Periampullary duodenal diverticula are associated with the presence of common bile duct stones, being encountered more frequently with the increase of age. We present the case of a 76 years old female patient, who underwents emergency surgery for a perforated lithiasic gangrenous acute cholecystitis and for whom we perform a cholecystectomy and an external biliary drainage using a transcystic tube. Both preoperative and postoperative imaging and endoscopic examinations certify the presence of a periampullary duodenal diverticulum...
November 2016: Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043931/similar-efficacies-of-endoscopic-ultrasound-gallbladder-drainage-with-a-lumen-apposing-metal-stent-vs-percutaneous-transhepatic-gallbladder-drainage-for-acute-cholecystitis
#8
Shayan Irani, Saowanee Ngamruengphong, Anthony Teoh, Uwe Will, Jose Nieto, Barham K Abu Dayyeh, S Ian Gan, Michael Larsen, Hon Chi Yip, Mark D Topazian, Michael J Levy, Christopher C Thompson, Andrew C Storm, Gulara Hajiyeva, Amr Ismail, Yen-I Chen, Majidah Bukhari, Yamile Haito Chavez, Vivek Kumbhari, Mouen A Khashab
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Acute cholecystitis in patients who are not candidates for surgery is often managed with percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage (PT-GBD). Endoscopic ultrasound-guided gallbladder drainage (EUS-GBD) with a lumen-apposing metal stent (LAMS) is an effective alternative to PT-GBD. We compared the technical success of EUS-GBD vs PT-GBD, as well as patient outcomes, numbers of adverse events (AEs), length of hospital stay, pain scores, and repeat interventions. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study to compare EUS-GBD vs PT-GBD at 7 centers (5 in the United States, 1 in Europe, and 1 in Asia), from 2013 through 2015, in management of acute cholecystitis in patients who are not candidates for surgery...
December 30, 2016: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039049/axitinib-induced-pneumatosis-intestinalis-and-acute-acalculous-cholecystitis-in-a-patient-with-renal-cell-carcinoma
#9
Tomohiro Kameda, Kazuhiko Nakano, Masahiro Yamazaki, Takeshi Koshimizu, Tatsuo Morita
A 71-year-old man with metastatic renal cell carcinoma presented with abdominal pain during treatment with axitinib. The diagnoses were axitinib-induced pneumatosis intestinalis (PI) and acute acalculous cholecystitis (AC). The patient's condition improved with antibiotics, bowel rest, and discontinuation of the axitinib therapy. This is the first case report in the literature. PI and AC induced by other vascular endothelial growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors are usually self-limiting upon discontinuation of those uses, but can be life-threatening in some cases...
December 27, 2016: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035552/small-gallstone-size-and-delayed-cholecystectomy-increase-the-risk-of-recurrent-pancreatobiliary-complications-after-resolved-acute-biliary-pancreatitis
#10
Sung Bum Kim, Tae Nyeun Kim, Hyun Hee Chung, Kook Hyun Kim
INTRODUCTION: Acute biliary pancreatitis (ABP) is a severe complication of gallstone disease with considerable mortality, and its recurrence rate is reported as 50-90% for ABP patients who do not undergo cholecystectomy. However, the incidence of and risk factors for recurrent pancreatobiliary complications after the initial improvement of ABP are not well established in the literature. The aims of this study were to determine the risk factors for recurrent pancreatobiliary complications and to compare the outcomes between early (within 2 weeks after onset of pancreatitis) and delayed cholecystectomy in patients with ABP...
December 29, 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032577/evaluation-of-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-as-a-potential-biomarker-for-acute-cholecystitis
#11
Andrei M Beliaev, Neville Angelo, Michael Booth, Colleen Bergin
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of acute cholecystitis (AC) is frequently associated with an increase in white cell count (WCC) and C-reactive protein (CRP). However, one or both of these inflammatory biomarkers can be normal in AC. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the discriminative powers of the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) with WCC and CRP in diagnosing AC. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study. For more than a period of 5 y, 1959 patients were identified from the cholecystectomy Registry...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031845/dengue-shock-syndrome
#12
Sreenivasa Rao Sudulagunta, Mahesh Babu Sodalagunta, Mona Sepehrar, Shiva Kumar Bangalore Raja, Aravinda Settikere Nataraju, Mounica Kumbhat, Deepak Sathyanarayana, Siddharth Gummadi, Hemanth Kumar Burra
Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne arthropod-borne viral (arboviral) tropical disease in humans affecting 50-528 million people worldwide. The acute abdominal complications of dengue fever are acute appendicitis, acute pancreatitis, acute acalculous cholecystitis and non-specific peritonitis. Acute pancreatitis with new onset diabetes in dengue shock syndrome (DSS) is very rarely reported. We describe a case of 30-year-old man admitted in intensive care unit and was diagnosed with DSS with RT-PCR, NS1 antigen and dengue IgM antibody being positive...
November 2016: Oxford Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028405/complications-of-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-our-experience-from-a-retrospective-analysis
#13
Miodrag Radunovic, Ranko Lazovic, Natasa Popovic, Milorad Magdelinic, Milutin Bulajic, Lenka Radunovic, Marko Vukovic, Miroslav Radunovic
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the intraoperative and postoperative complications of laparoscopic cholecystectomy, as well as the frequency of conversions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Medical records of 740 patients who had laparoscopic cholecystectomy were analysed retrospectively. We evaluated patients for the presence of potential risk factors that could predict the development of complications such as age, gender, body mass index, white blood cell count and C-reactive protein (CRP), gallbladder ultrasonographic findings, and pathohistological analysis of removed gallbladders...
December 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026137/the-right-way-is-not-always-popular-comparison-of-surgeons-perceptions-during-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-for-acute-cholecystitis-among-experts-from-japan-korea-and-taiwan
#14
T Hibi, Y Iwashita, T Ohyama, G Honda, M Yoshida, T Takada, H S Han, T L Hwang, S Shinya, K Suzuki, A Umezawa, Y S Yoon, I S Choi, W S W Huang, K H Chen, F Miura, M Watanabe, Y Abe, T Misawa, Y Nagakawa, D S Yoon, J Y Jang, H C Yu, K S Ahn, S C Kim, I S Song, J H Kim, S S Yunv, S H Choi, Y Y Jan, S M Sheen-Chen, Y S Shan, C G Ker, D C Chan, C C Wu, N Toyota, R Higuchi, Y Nakamura, Y Mizuguchi, Y Takeda, M Ito, S Norimizu, S Yamada, N Matsumura, J Shindoh, H Sunagawa, T Gocho, H Hasegawav, T Rikiyama, N Sata, N Kano, S Kitano, H Tokumura, Y Yamashita, G Watanabe, K Nakagawa, T Kimura, T Yamakawa, G Wakabayashi, I Endo, M Miyazakiv, M Yamamoto
BACKGROUND: Generally, surgeons' perceptions of surgical safety are based on experience and institutional policy. Our recent pilot survey demonstrated that the acceptable duration of surgery and criteria for open conversion during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) vary among workplaces. METHODS: A web-based survey was distributed to 554 expert LC surgeons in Japan, Korea, and Taiwan. The questionnaire covered LC experience, safety measures and recognition of landmarks, decision-making regarding conversion to open/partial cholecystectomy and the implications of this decision...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998427/-the-clinical-characteristics-and-surgical-treatment-strategy-of-acute-gangrenous-cholecystitis-after-biliary-tract-stenting
#15
J Ma, S C Lü, J T Kou, X L Li, J Q Zhu, H M Dong, Q He
Objective: To analysis of the possible cause and surgical diagnosis and treatment strategies of acute gangrenous cholecystitis (AGC) after biliary stent drainage. Methods: The clinical data of 273 patients who received biliary stent drainage in Beijing Chaoyang Hospital from January 2015 to March 2016 were analyzed retrospectively. Among them, 22 patients who underwent surgical treatment were divided into two groups: 9 cases of AGC group and 13 cases of non-AGC group. The risk factors of AGC and surgical approach were analyzed...
December 13, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994870/right-hypochondrial-abscess-a-rare-consequence-of-supportive-cholecystitis
#16
Omer El Tinay, Zaka Ur Rab Siddiqui, Mogbil Alhedaithy, Mohamad Naser Mohamad Kharashgah
INTRODUCTION: Spontaneous cholecystocutaneous abscess is an extremely uncommon complication of acute suppurative cholecystitis. Over the past century very few cases of spontaneous cholecystocutaneous fistulas have been described in the medical literature. We, here, report a case of abdominal wall abscess secondary to cholecystocutaneous fistula. CASE REPORT: A 78 -year-old male presented as an emergency with a 2 days history of fever, malaise and a right subcostal mass...
December 2016: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993464/impact-of-medical-or-surgical-admission-on-outcomes-of-patients-with-acute-cholecystitis
#17
Francisco Igor B Macedo, Joseph J Eid, Vijay K Mittal, Jeffrey Flynn, Michael J Jacobs, Ralph Pearlman
BACKGROUND: Although acute cholecystitis (AC) is a surgical disease, patients with the condition may be admitted to medical-related services (MS). This may lead to delayed cholecystectomy thereby affecting outcomes and quality of care. METHODS: Between July 2010 and March 2013, 329 patients under 70 years old presented to a community-based tertiary care hospital with AC and underwent same admission cholecystectomy. Outcomes were compared between patients admitted to MS and surgical services (SS)...
December 16, 2016: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992297/single-port-robotic-cholecystectomy-in-pediatric-patients-single-institution-experience
#18
Armando Rosales-Velderrain, Fuad Alkhoury
INTRODUCTION: Modifications to conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy are aimed to decrease abdominal pain and improve cosmetic results. Single-port robotic cholecystectomy is a safe and feasible approach that has been reported in adults, though reports are limited in children. This study aims to report our experience with single-port robotic cholecystectomy in children, and to evaluate the safety, feasibility, and outcomes of this approach. METHODS: After single-port robotic approach was available at our institution, we prospectively followed our patients who underwent a single-port robotic cholecystectomy from March 2013 to May 2015 in our children's hospital...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986118/new-era-in-acute-cholecystitis-treatment-encouraging-results-for-interventional-endoscopists
#19
EDITORIAL
Takao Itoi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982426/cholecystitis-as-the-initial-presentation-of-acute-myeloid-leukaemia
#20
Arjun Gupta, Avash Das, Harris V K Naina
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 16, 2016: British Journal of Haematology
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