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допплер, сахарный диабет, нарушение толерантности к глюкоза, ультразвуковое исследование сосудов почки, орбитальный кровоток, диабетичес

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911426/-ocular-hydrodynamics-after-phacoemulsification-cataract-surgery-in-patients-with-primary-open-angle-glaucoma
#1
E A Kalizhnikova, O I Lebedev, O V Shchipacheva, G G Pecheritsa
AIM: To investigate parameters of intraocular fluid outflow after phacoemulsification of cataract in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved 153 cataract patients (153 eyes), most of whom also had POAG. The patients were divided into three groups: group 1 - 51 patients (51 eyes) with cataract but no glaucoma, group 2 - 51 patients (51 eyes) with cataract and early POAG, and group 3 - 51 patients (51 eyes) with cataract and advanced POAG...
2016: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911424/-effectiveness-of-soft-contact-lenses-in-severe-keratoconjunctivitis-sicca-treated-with-local-immunosuppressive-therapy
#2
T N Safonova, O V Gladkova, V I Boev, A A Fedorov
AIM: To study the effectiveness of soft contact lenses in severe keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS) treated with local immunosuppressive therapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We have examined 41 patients (60 eyes) with severe KCS, including 3 men (4 eyes) and 38 women (56 eyes) aged from 27 to 76 years. Group 1 consisted of 22 persons (30 eyes) who were prescribed cyclosporine А 0.05% instillations 2 times daily, artificial tears, and soft contact lenses. Group 2 consisted of 19 patients (30 eyes) who received instillations of cyclosporine А 0...
2016: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911216/validation-of-antibody-reagents-for-mucin-analysis-in-chronic-inflammatory-airway-diseases
#3
Thorsten Krause, Niels Röckendorf, Karoline I Gaede, Katrin Ramaker, Heike Sinnecker, Andreas Frey
In chronic inflammatory airway diseases, mucins display disease-related alterations in quantity, composition and glycosylation. This opens the possibility to diagnose and monitor inflammatory airway disorders and their exacerbation based on mucin properties. For such an approach to be reasonably versatile and diagnostically meaningful, the mucin of interest must be captured in a reliable, patient-independent way. To identify appropriate mucin-specific reagents, we tested anti-mucin antibodies on mucin-content-standardized, human bronchoalveolar lavage fluid samples in immunoblot assays...
December 2, 2016: MAbs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910971/synthesis-engineering-of-iron-oxide-raspberry-shaped-nanostructures
#4
O Gerber, B P Pichon, D Ihiawakrim, I Florea, S Moldovan, O Ersen, D Begin, J-M Grenèche, S Lemonnier, E Barraud, S Begin-Colin
Magnetic porous nanostructures consisting of oriented aggregates of iron oxide nanocrystals display very interesting properties such as a lower oxidation state of magnetite, and enhanced saturation magnetization in comparison with individual nanoparticles of similar sizes and porosity. However, the formation mechanism of these promising nanostructures is not well understood, which hampers the fine tuning of their magnetic properties, for instance by doping them with other elements. Therefore the formation mechanism of porous raspberry shaped nanostructures (RSNs) synthesized by a one-pot polyol solvothermal method has been investigated in detail from the early stages by using a wide panel of characterization techniques, and especially by performing original in situ HR-TEM studies in temperature...
December 2, 2016: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910843/unique-thermodynamic-relationships-for-%C3%AE-fh-o-and-%C3%AE-fg-o-for-crystalline-inorganic-salts-i-predicting-the-possible-existence-and-synthesis-of-na2so2-and-na2seo2-addendum
#5
Ángel Vegas, Joel F Liebman, H Donald Brooke Jenkins
Addendum to Vegas et al. [(2012), Acta Cryst. B68, 511-527].
December 1, 2016: Acta Crystallographica Section B, Structural Science, Crystal Engineering and Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910822/prolonged-in-vitro-precultivation-alleviates-post-implantation-inflammation-and-promotes-stable-subcutaneous-cartilage-formation-in-a-goat-model
#6
Yi Liu, Dan Li, Zongqi Yin, Xusong Luo, Wei Liu, Wenjie Zhang, Zhiyong Zhang, Yilin Cao, Yu Liu, Guangdong Zhou
Synthetic biodegradable scaffolds such as polylactic acid coated polyglycolic acid (PLA-PGA) are especially suitable for engineering shaped cartilage such as auricle, but they induce a serious inflammatory reaction particularly in the immunologically aggressive subcutaneous site, leading to resorption of the engineered autologous cartilage. Our previous study in a rabbit model has demonstrated 2 weeks of in vitro precultivation could significantly alleviate the post-implantation inflammation induced by PLA-PGA engineered cartilaginous grafts, but reproduction of this result failed in a preclinical goat model...
December 2, 2016: Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910656/the-design-of-the-optical-thomson-scattering-diagnostic-for-the-national-ignition-facility
#7
P S Datte, J S Ross, D H Froula, K D Daub, J Galbraith, S Glenzer, B Hatch, J Katz, J Kilkenny, O Landen, D Manha, A M Manuel, W Molander, D Montgomery, J Moody, G F Swadling, J Weaver
The National Ignition Facility (NIF) is a 192 laser beam facility designed to support the Stockpile Stewardship, High Energy Density and Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) programs. We report on the design of an Optical Thomson Scattering (OTS) diagnostic that has the potential to transform the community's understanding of NIF hohlraum physics by providing first principle, local, time-resolved measurements of under-dense plasma conditions. The system design allows operation with different probe laser wavelengths by manual selection of the appropriate beam splitter and gratings before the shot...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910557/a-storage-ring-experiment-to-detect-a-proton-electric-dipole-moment
#8
V Anastassopoulos, S Andrianov, R Baartman, S Baessler, M Bai, J Benante, M Berz, M Blaskiewicz, T Bowcock, K Brown, B Casey, M Conte, J D Crnkovic, N D'Imperio, G Fanourakis, A Fedotov, P Fierlinger, W Fischer, M O Gaisser, Y Giomataris, M Grosse-Perdekamp, G Guidoboni, S Hacıömeroğlu, G Hoffstaetter, H Huang, M Incagli, A Ivanov, D Kawall, Y I Kim, B King, I A Koop, D M Lazarus, V Lebedev, M J Lee, S Lee, Y H Lee, A Lehrach, P Lenisa, P Levi Sandri, A U Luccio, A Lyapin, W MacKay, R Maier, K Makino, N Malitsky, W J Marciano, W Meng, F Meot, E M Metodiev, L Miceli, D Moricciani, W M Morse, S Nagaitsev, S K Nayak, Y F Orlov, C S Ozben, S T Park, A Pesce, E Petrakou, P Pile, B Podobedov, V Polychronakos, J Pretz, V Ptitsyn, E Ramberg, D Raparia, F Rathmann, S Rescia, T Roser, H Kamal Sayed, Y K Semertzidis, Y Senichev, A Sidorin, A Silenko, N Simos, A Stahl, E J Stephenson, H Ströher, M J Syphers, J Talman, R M Talman, V Tishchenko, C Touramanis, N Tsoupas, G Venanzoni, K Vetter, S Vlassis, E Won, G Zavattini, A Zelenski, K Zioutas
A new experiment is described to detect a permanent electric dipole moment of the proton with a sensitivity of 10(-29) e ⋅ cm by using polarized "magic" momentum 0.7 GeV/c protons in an all-electric storage ring. Systematic errors relevant to the experiment are discussed and techniques to address them are presented. The measurement is sensitive to new physics beyond the standard model at the scale of 3000 TeV.
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910506/assessment-of-the-measurement-performance-of-the-in-vessel-system-of-gap-6-of-the-iter-plasma-position-reflectometer-using-a-finite-difference-time-domain-maxwell-full-wave-code
#9
F da Silva, S Heuraux, E Ricardo, P Quental, J Ferreira
We conducted a first assessment of the measurement performance of the in-vessel components at gap 6 of the ITER plasma position reflectometry with the aid of a synthetic Ordinary Mode (O-mode) broadband frequency-modulated continuous-wave reflectometer implemented with REFMUL, a 2D finite-difference time-domain full-wave Maxwell code. These simulations take into account the system location within the vacuum vessel as well as its access to the plasma. The plasma case considered is a baseline scenario from Fusion for Energy...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910502/filterscope-diagnostic-system-on-the-experimental-advanced-superconducting-tokamak-east
#10
Z Xu, Z W Wu, W Gao, Y J Chen, C R Wu, L Zhang, J Huang, J F Chang, X J Yao, W Gao, P F Zhang, Z Jin, Y M Hou, H Y Guo
A filterscope diagnostic system has been mounted to observe the line emission and visible bremsstrahlung emission from plasma on the experimental advanced superconducting tokamak during the 2014 campaign. By this diagnostic system, multiple wavelengths including Dα (656.1 nm), Dγ (433.9 nm), He ii (468.5 nm), Li i (670.8 nm), Li ii (548.3 nm), C iii (465.0 nm), O ii (441.5 nm), Mo i (386.4 nm), W i (400.9 nm), and visible bremsstrahlung radiation (538.0 nm) are monitored with corresponding wavelength filters...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910389/overview-of-diagnostic-performance-and-results-for-the-first-operation-phase-in-wendelstein-7-x-invited
#11
M Krychowiak, A Adnan, A Alonso, T Andreeva, J Baldzuhn, T Barbui, M Beurskens, W Biel, C Biedermann, B D Blackwell, H S Bosch, S Bozhenkov, R Brakel, T Bräuer, B Brotas de Carvalho, R Burhenn, B Buttenschön, A Cappa, G Cseh, A Czarnecka, A Dinklage, P Drews, A Dzikowicka, F Effenberg, M Endler, V Erckmann, T Estrada, O Ford, T Fornal, H Frerichs, G Fuchert, J Geiger, O Grulke, J H Harris, H J Hartfuß, D Hartmann, D Hathiramani, M Hirsch, U Höfel, S Jabłoński, M W Jakubowski, J Kaczmarczyk, T Klinger, S Klose, J Knauer, G Kocsis, R König, P Kornejew, A Krämer-Flecken, N Krawczyk, T Kremeyer, I Książek, M Kubkowska, A Langenberg, H P Laqua, M Laux, S Lazerson, Y Liang, S C Liu, A Lorenz, A O Marchuk, S Marsen, V Moncada, D Naujoks, H Neilson, O Neubauer, U Neuner, H Niemann, J W Oosterbeek, M Otte, N Pablant, E Pasch, T Sunn Pedersen, F Pisano, K Rahbarnia, L Ryć, O Schmitz, S Schmuck, W Schneider, T Schröder, H Schuhmacher, B Schweer, B Standley, T Stange, L Stephey, J Svensson, T Szabolics, T Szepesi, H Thomsen, J-M Travere, H Trimino Mora, H Tsuchiya, G M Weir, U Wenzel, A Werner, B Wiegel, T Windisch, R Wolf, G A Wurden, D Zhang, A Zimbal, S Zoletnik
Wendelstein 7-X, a superconducting optimized stellarator built in Greifswald/Germany, started its first plasmas with the last closed flux surface (LCFS) defined by 5 uncooled graphite limiters in December 2015. At the end of the 10 weeks long experimental campaign (OP1.1) more than 20 independent diagnostic systems were in operation, allowing detailed studies of many interesting plasma phenomena. For example, fast neutral gas manometers supported by video cameras (including one fast-frame camera with frame rates of tens of kHz) as well as visible cameras with different interference filters, with field of views covering all ten half-modules of the stellarator, discovered a MARFE-like radiation zone on the inboard side of machine module 4...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910384/dual-langmuir-probe-array-for-3d-plasma-studies-in-torpex
#12
M Baquero-Ruiz, F Avino, O Chellai, A Fasoli, I Furno, R Jacquier, F Manke, S Patrick
We have designed and installed a new Langmuir-probe (LP) array diagnostic to determine basic three-dimensional (3D) features of plasmas in TORPEX. The diagnostic consists of two identical LP arrays, placed on opposite sides of the apparatus, which provide comprehensive coverage of the poloidal cross section at the two different toroidal locations. Cross correlation studies of signals from the arrays provide a basic way to extract 3D information from the plasmas, as experiments show. Moreover, the remarkable signal-to-noise performance of the front-end electronics allows us to follow a different approach in which we combine information from all probes in both arrays to reconstruct elementary 3D plasma structures at each acquisition time step...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910364/spectroscopic-imaging-of-limiter-heat-and-particle-fluxes-and-the-resulting-impurity-sources-during-wendelstein-7-x-startup-plasmas
#13
L Stephey, G A Wurden, O Schmitz, H Frerichs, F Effenberg, C Biedermann, J Harris, R König, P Kornejew, M Krychowiak, E A Unterberg
A combined IR and visible camera system [G. A. Wurden et al., "A high resolution IR/visible imaging system for the W7-X limiter," Rev. Sci. Instrum. (these proceedings)] and a filterscope system [R. J. Colchin et al., Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 2068 (2003)] were implemented together to obtain spectroscopic data of limiter and first wall recycling and impurity sources during Wendelstein 7-X startup plasmas. Both systems together provided excellent temporal and spatial spectroscopic resolution of limiter 3. Narrowband interference filters in front of the camera yielded C-III and Hα photon flux, and the filterscope system provided Hα, Hβ, He-I, He-II, C-II, and visible bremsstrahlung data...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909968/effects-of-phenotype-of-retinal-macrophages-on-the-features-of-angiogenesis-of-murine-retina
#14
S V Lyamina, O Yu Komova, N A Gavrilova, I Yu Malyshev
The period of forming of superficial vascular plexus during physiological retinal angiogenesis was shorter in C57Bl/6 mice. Experiments on the model of oxygen-induced retinopathy showed that avascular and vascularized zones in BALB/c mice on day 17 are smaller than in C57Bl/6 mice are by 5 and 1.5 times, respectively. The obtained results confirmed the importance of phenotype of retinal macrophages in the regulation of processes of both physiological and pathological retinal angiogenesis.
December 2, 2016: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909964/oxidative-stress-and-biochemical-markers-of-endothelial-dysfunction-and-organ-damage-under-conditions-of-experimental-nonferrous-metal-intoxication
#15
F S Dzugkoeva, I V Mozhaeva, S G Dzugkoev, O I Margieva, A I Tedtoeva, M A Otiev
Chronic nickel intoxication caused by parenteral nickel chloride administration (0.5 mg/kg of body weight) to Wistar rats led to ROS generation inducing LPO in erythrocyte membranes and homogenates of renal, liver, and myocardial tissue. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity was inhibited, while catalase activity and ceruloplasmin concentration increased. LPO and its products disrupted nitric oxide production and reduced its bioavailability, which led to the development of endothelial dysfunction and impaired microcirculatory hemodynamics...
December 2, 2016: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909963/pathogenic-features-of-dysuria-in-young-women-with-secondary-amenorrhea-caused-by-body-weight-loss
#16
N V Shelkovnikova, A I Neimark, T S Taranina, A K Pichigina, O P Molodyh, E L Lushnikova
We examined 11 women aged 19-26 years (mean age 22.5±3.5 years) with secondary amenorrhea complaining frequent urination over 1.5 years and repeatedly, but unsuccessful treated for overactive bladder and chronic cystitis. The rare cause of sustained urination disorders in young female patients of reproductive age was established: development of secondary amenorrhea caused by weight loss ("cosmetic" amenorrhea) with subsequent estrogene deficit and urogenital atrophy. Morphological examination of the bladder mucosa, an important clue to the diagnosis, helps to identify the true cause of dysuria, urogenital atrophy of the bladder mucosa, in secondary ("cosmetic") amenorrhea, and determine future course of etiopathogenic treatment of sustained dysuria in young women...
December 2, 2016: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909914/association-of-snp-variants-of-mhc-class-ii-drb-gene-with-thermo-physiological-traits-in-tropical-goats
#17
Abdulmojeed Yakubu, Adebowale E Salako, Marcos De Donato, Sunday O Peters, Michael I Takeet, Mathew Wheto, Moses Okpeku, Ikhide G Imumorin
Host defense in vertebrates depend on many secreted regulatory proteins such as major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II which provide important regulatory and effector functions of T cells. Gene polymorphism in the second exon of Capra-DRB gene in three major Nigerian goat breeds [West African Dwarf (WAD), Red Sokoto (RS), and Sahel (SH)] was analyzed by restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLP). Four restriction enzymes, BsaHI, AluI, HaeIII, and SacII, were utilized. The association between the polymorphic sites and some heat tolerance traits were also investigated in a total of 70 WAD, 90 RS, and 50 SH goats...
December 1, 2016: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909828/the-dopamine-related-polymorphisms-bdnf-comt-drd2-drd3-and-drd4-are-not-linked-with-changes-in-csf-dopamine-levels-and-frequency-of-hiv-infection
#18
Anne Horn, C Scheller, S du Plessis, R Burger, G Arendt, J Joska, S Sopper, C M Maschke, M Obermann, I W Husstedt, J Hain, P Riederer, E Koutsilieri
We showed previously that higher levels in CSF dopamine in HIV patients are associated with the presence of the dopamine transporter (DAT) 10/10-repeat allele which was also detected more frequently in HIV-infected individuals compared to uninfected subjects. In the current study, we investigated further whether other genetic dopamine (DA)-related polymorphisms may be related with changes in CSF DA levels and frequency of HIV infection in HIV-infected subjects. Specifically, we studied genetic polymorphisms of brain-derived neurotrophic factor, catechol-O-methyltransferase, and dopamine receptors DRD2, DRD3, and DRD4 genetic polymorphisms in uninfected and HIV-infected people in two different ethnical groups, a German cohort (Caucasian, 72 individuals with HIV infection and 22 individuals without HIV infection) and a South African cohort (Xhosan, 54 individuals with HIV infection and 19 individuals without HIV infection)...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909765/cardiac-masses-experience-from-a-turkish-tertiary-center-of-cardiology
#19
C Gecmen, G G Gecmen, M Kahyaoglu, B Omar, S Izci, A Kalayci, C Y Karabay, S Coban, O Candan, E Yanik, I A Izgi, N O Barisik
OBJECTIVE: Cardiac masses comprise a category that includes benign, malignant, and nontumoral mass lesions. The present study aims to share the findings relating to cardiac masses observed at our tertiary cardiology hospital in Turkey. METHODS: The records of patients who presented with cardiac masses and underwent surgery at our institute between 2006 and 2015, and whose tissue samples were sent to a pathology laboratory, were retrospectively reviewed in a consecutive manner...
December 1, 2016: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909738/prostate-bed-target-interfractional-motion-using-rtog-consensus-definitions-and-daily-ct-on-rails-does-target-motion-differ-between-superior-and-inferior-portions-of-the-clinical-target-volume
#20
Vivek Verma, Shifeng Chen, Sumin Zhou, Charles A Enke, Andrew O Wahl
PURPOSE: Using high-quality CT-on-rails imaging, the daily motion of the prostate bed clinical target volume (PB-CTV) based on consensus Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) definitions (instead of surgical clips/fiducials) was studied. It was assessed whether PB motion in the superior portion of PB-CTV (SUP-CTV) differed from the inferior PB-CTV (INF-CTV). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eight pT2-3bN0-1M0 patients underwent postprostatectomy intensity-modulated radiotherapy, totaling 300 fractions...
December 1, 2016: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
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