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magnesium vs opioid

Patrice Forget, Juan Cata
INTRODUCTION: The role of ketamine and magnesium in improving postoperative pain and diminish opioid consumption has been largely described. Synthetic opioids are known to provide hemodynamic stability when given for major noncardiac surgery. Definitive evidence on the role of ketamine and/or magnesium on intraoperative hemodynamic control would support their potential as alternatives to opioids during surgery. METHODS: The available literature published on PubMed/Medline and EMBASE was reviewed systematically to perform meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effect of ketamine and/or magnesium on hemodynamic response to surgery as the primary outcome...
December 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Anaesthesiology
Amanda M Brandow, Mark Nimmer, Timothy Simmons, T Charles Casper, Lawrence J Cook, Corrie E Chumpitazi, J Paul Scott, Julie A Panepinto, David C Brousseau
The impact of emergency department (ED) treatment on outcomes of sickle cell disease (SCD) acute pain hospitalizations is not well described. We investigated whether length of stay (LOS) and change in health-related quality of life (HRQL) are affected by initial opioid dose and time to administration. We conducted secondary analyses of data from the randomized-controlled Magnesium for children in Crisis (MAGiC) trial. The primary outcome was LOS. Secondary outcome was change in HRQL, assessed using PedsQL SCD Pain and Hurt and Pain Impact Domains measured in ED and at discharge...
December 2016: American Journal of Hematology
Rachel Sarah Wightman, Robert S Hoffman, Mary Ann Howland, Brian Rice, Rana Biary, Daniel Lugassy
OBJECTIVE: Loperamide, a non-prescription anti-diarrheal agent, is a peripheral mu-opioid receptor agonist that is excluded from the blood-brain barrier by p-glycoprotein at therapeutic doses. Overdoses of loperamide penetrate the central nervous system (CNS), leading to abuse. We report cardiac conduction abnormalities and dysrhythmias after ingestion of a recreational supra-therapeutic dose of loperamide confirmed with an elevated blood loperamide concentration. CASE DETAILS: A 48-year-old woman with a history of alcohol and benzodiazepine abuse presented to the emergency department (ED) with somnolence, weakness and slurred speech...
June 2016: Clinical Toxicology
Ozlem Guneysel, Ozge Onur, Serkan Eroglu, Arzu Denizbasi
INTRODUCTION: Meperidine is a synthetic opioid analog that is frequently prescribed for acute pain management. Normeperidine, the only active metabolite of meperidine, is neurotoxic and can cause significant central nervous system adverse events. CASE SUMMARY: A 29-year-old woman (height, 170 cm; weight, 85 kg) presented to Marmara University Hospital Emergency Department, Istanbul, Turkey, complaining of low back pain she described as "stabbing." Physical examination revealed impaired lower-extremity mobility and normal vital-sign findings...
April 2008: Current Therapeutic Research, Clinical and Experimental
A Apan, U Buyukkocak, S Ozcan, E Sari, H Basar
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Magnesium sulphate infusion during general anaesthesia reduces anaesthetic consumption and analgesic requirements. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of postoperative magnesium infusion on duration of block, sedation and analgesic consumption after spinal anaesthesia. METHODS: Fifty ASA I-II patients were included in the randomized double blind study. Spinal anaesthesia was performed at L3-4 or L4-5 interspace with 12.5 mg 0...
October 2004: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
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